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IM*  ' 




-  x. 




Metropolitan!  Church.    (Frontispiece). 














A  History  of  the  Methodist  Denomination  and  its  Churches  in  York 

and  Toronto,  with  Biographical  Sketches  of  many 

of  the  Clergy  and  Laity. 

Compiled,  Edited  and  Arranged  by 


Author  of  "  History  of  the  Royal  Grenadiers,"  "  The  Anglican  Church  in  Canada,"  «•  Four 

Famous  Cathedrals,"  etc.,  etc. 


The  G.  M.  ROSE  &  SONS  COMPANY,  Limited. 





Knusiwl  ,iv.:or,liiiB  to  Act  of  tln>  l^rliiuiient  of  Caiia.l.,  in  the  year  one  thouwind  eight  humlrc-,1 
«n,l  ninrty-iiine,  l.y  Tim  (i  M.  R"sK  i  SON'S  COMPANY.  LIMITIII,  at  the  Department  of 

^  o 

MOV  7 


1'R1NTKI>  AMI   HOI  XI'  BY 








TORONTO,  November  1st,   1899. 


!N  issuing  the  accompanying  history  of  the  "  Methodist  Churches  of 
Toronto "  to  the  public  and  to  those  who  have  subscribed  for  the 
work,  it  is  not  necessary  to  make  more  than  a  very  few  prefatory 
''^      remarks. 

The  following  pages  do  not  attempt  to  deal  otherwise  than  in  a  very 
superficial  manner  with  the  history  of  the  large  body  of  Christians  known 
as  Wesleyan  Methodists  throughout  the  Canadian  Dominion  or  even  in  the  Pro 
vince  of  Ontario. 

What  has  been  the  aim  of  the  editor  and  compiler  has  been  to  tell  as  briefly 
as  possible  the  history  of  the  various  congregations  of  Methodists  which  have 
assembled  in  what  we  now  know  as  the  City  of  Toronto  (formerly  the  town  of 
York),  from  the  days  of  Simcoe  up  to  the  present  period,  the  last  year  of  the 
nineteenth  century.  As  far  as  possible  original  records  have  been  consulted  be 
fore  the  history  of  any  church  or  congregation  has  been  finally  compiled.  As 
regards  some  of  the  congregations  these  records  have  been  somewhat  imperfectly 
kept,  and  in  consequence  some  errors  may  have  crept  into  the  body  of  this  work. 
In  every  case,  though,  accuracy  of  statement  has  been  aimed  at,  and  where  inac 
curacies  and  discrepancies  may  be  detected  by  readers,  they  may  safely  assume 
that  these  are  not  due  to  the  carelessness  of  the  editor,  but  to  the  faulty  inform 
ation  which  has  been  given  to  him  and  accepted  in  good  faith. 

As  regards  the  biographical  sketches  the  editor  has,  wherever  it  has  been  pos 
sible,  used  the  words  ^iven  to  him  by  the  sender  or  writer  of  the  biography.  In 
some  few  cases  biographies  were  sent  in  containing  particulars  of  the  person  whom 
they  referred  to  which  it  would  have  been  unwise,  if  not  in  bad  taste,  to  publish. 
These  details  have  been  omitted.  In  no  single  case,  though,  has  any  salient  point 
in  any  biography  which  has  been  forwarded,  or  have  any  leading  facts  which 
have  been  contributed,  taken  out.  Arranging  and  editing  these  biographies,  in 
many  cases  writing  them  from  very  crude  notes,  has  been  a  work  of  great  labor 
and  no  little  responsibility.  In  all  cases  the  editor  has  tried  to  discharge  his 
duties  conscientiously  and  fairly. 

With  these  very  few  words  of  explanation  and  preface,  the  book  is  issued  to 

the  public. 



I.  Introductory 9 

II.  Before  the  First  Chapel 20 

II.  The  First  Church 39 

III.  George  St.  Church 75 

IV.  Adelaide  St.  Church 98 

V.  Richmond  St.  Church- , HO 

VI.   The  Metropolitan  Church 122 

VII.  Queen  Street  Church 13g 

VIII.  Elm  Street  Church 152 

IX.  Berkeley  Street  Church 161 

X.  The  Broadway  Tabernacle 177 

XL  Sherbourne  Street  Church 189 

XII.  Carlton  Street  Church 195 

XIII.  Euclid  Avenue  Church ]  99 

XIV.  Queen  Street  East  Church  ( Leslieville) 203 

XV.  Parliament  Street  Church 206 

XVI.   Wood  Green  Church 213 

XVII.   Trinity  Church  (originally  known  as  the  Western  Church) 219 

XVIII.   King  Street  East  and  Gerrard  St.  Churches 223 

XIX.  St.  Clarens  Avenue  and  St.  Paul's  Churches , 228 

XX.    Yonge  St. ,  Westmoreland  and  St.  Alban's  Churches 233 

XXI.    Wesley  Church 240 

XXII    Dunn  Avenue  Church 246 

XXIII.  Berean  Church 249 

XXIV.  The  Centennial  and  Clinton  Street  Churches 252 

XXV".  Central  and  Agnes  Street  Churches 258 

XXVI.  Simpson  Avenue  Church 261 

XXVII.  Zion  Church  (originally  known  as  Lomas  Mission)  266 

XXVIII.  Bathurst  Street  and  Perth  Avenue  Churches 272 

XXIX.  New  Richmond  and  Epworth  Churches 275 

Concluding  Summary 276 

Appendix 279 



Metropolitan  Church  (two  engravings) Frontispiece. 

Queen  Street  Church 138 

Broadway  Tabernacle 177 

Sherbourne  Street  Church 189 

Queen  Street  East  Church 203 

Parliament  Street  Church ...          206 

Wood-Green   Church 213 

King  Street  East  Church 223 

St.   Paul's  Church,   Avenue  Road 228 

Yonge  Street  Church    .              233 

Dunn  Avenue  Church  (two  engravings) 246 

Centennial  Church 252 

Clinton  Street  Church 256 

Agnes  Street  Church 258 

Simpson  Avenue  Church 261 

New  Richmond  Church    .                      275 



Methodist  Churches  in  Toronto* 



HE  word  Methodism,  as  an  etymological  product  or  form,  has  no  re 
ligious  significance,  nor  any  reference  or  relation  to  church  polity. 
The  work,  which  at  length  became  distinctive,  and  which  has  increased 
so  marvelously  in  the  world,  began  at  Oxford,  England,  in  1729,  with 
Charles  Wesley,  who  "  induced  a  few  other  students  to  join  him  in 
observing  weekly  communion."  This  condition  of  things  was  found  by 
John  Wesley  upon  his  return  from  Lincolnshire,  was  approved  by  him,  and 
aided  to  the  extent  of  his  joining  the  infant  association.  Besides  the 
weekly  communion  this  infant  association  united  in  the  study  of  the  Greek 
Testament,  in  regular  fasting,  in  observing  stated  hours  for  private  devotion, 
in  visiting  the  sick,  the  poor  and  prisoners,  and  instructing  neglected  children. 
"  They  never  themselves  adopted  any  common  designation,  but  of  the  variety  of 
derisive  names  they  received  from  outsiders  that  of  '  Methodists '  prevailed,  a 
sobriquet  the  fitness  of  which,  indeed,  as  descriptive  of  one  unchanging  and  in 
separable  feature  of  Wesley's  character  (which  was  impressed  also  on  his  follow- 
eres)  was  undeniable." 

John  Wesley  was  born  at  Epworth,  Lincolnshire,  England,  June  17-28,  1703. 
His  immediate  ancestors  were  ministers  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  of  Puritan 
principles,  and  some  of  them  suffered  for  nonconformity.  His  uncle,  Bartholo 
mew  Wesley,  was  ejected  from  his  living  in  1662  by  the  Act  of  Uniformity,  and 
John  Wesley,  brother  of  Bartholomew,  suffered  in  a  similar  manner,  being  often 
fined  and  imprisoned  for  preaching  contrary  to  law.  Samuel  Wesley,  son  of 

10  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

John,  gave  great  offence  to  his  family  by  uniting  with  the  Church  of  England,  so 
much  so  that  thenceforth  they  left  him  to  his  own  resources.  Samuel  was  the 
father  of  nineteen  children,  of  whom  Samuel,  John  and  Charles  attained  to 
eminence.  The  mother  of  these  children,  Susannah  Annesley,  was  the  daugher 
of  an  ejected  clergyman,  was  a  woman  of  great  force  of  character,  of  remarkable 
intelligence,  and  fervent  piety,  and  she  gave  great  attention  to  the  education 
especially  the  religious  education,  of  her  children. 

John  Wesley's  history  is  the  history  of  a  gradual  but  of  a  great  development ; 
but  it  is  only  in  connection  with  the  doctrine  of  "  salvation  by  faith  "  that  that 
history  is  referred  to  in  this  work.  For  two  years  he  labored  in  Georgia,  from 
1736  to  1738,  and  when  he  returned  to  England,  in  February  of  the  latter  year 
he  had  already  accepted  this  doctrine,  although  he  had  not  then  the  same  concep 
tion  of  the  nature  of  faith  that  he  afterward  acquired,  and  which  he  taught  for 

fifty  years. 

Miss  Edge  wood  speaks  of  his  journal,  written  on  the  homeward  voyage  from 
Georgia,  as  chronicling  "  that  deep  satisfaction  which  is  felt  whenever  an  earnest 
nature  wakes  up  to  the  incompleteness  of  a  traditional  religion ;  and  his  after 
life,  compared  with  his  two  years  in  Georgia,  makes  it  evident  that  he  passed  at 
this  time  into  a  new  spiritual  region."  And  he  himself  writes  that  on  March  5, 
1738,  he  became  fully  convinced  of  the  want  of  that  faith  whereby  we  are  saved. 
Up  to  that  time  Mr.  Wesley  had  regarded  faith  as  a  union  of  intellectual  be 
lief  and  a  voluntary  self-submission— the  belief  of  the  creeds  and  submission  to 
the  law  of  Christ  and  to  the  rules  and  service  of  the  church,  acted  out  day  by 
day  and  hour  by  hour,  in  "all  the  prescribed  means  and  services  of  the  church 
and  in  the  general  duties  of  life."  From  this  definition  of  faith  it  will  be  seen 
that  the  element  of  the  supernatural  was  wanting,  as  was  also  that  of  the  personal 
trust  for  salvation  on  the  atonement.  The  kind  of  faith  possessed  by  Wesley  up 
to  the  time  of  his  conversion,  March  24,  1738,  he  was  at  length  led  to  perceive, 
"  was  essentially  nothing  else  than  an  intellectual  and  moral  act  or  habit,  a  nat 
ural  operation  and  result,  altogether  different  from  the  true  spiritual  faith  of  a 

This  new  faith  was  that  which  changed  Wesley  from  a  ritualist  to  an  evange 
list,  and  sent  him  forth  to  preach  a  gospel  which  for  years,  if  not  for  centuries, 
had  been  forgotten.  It  was  an  inspiration  which  made  him  a  great  preacher  and 


a  great  organizer,  and  which  made  him  a  "  Methodist,"  in  the  highest  and  best 
sense  of  the  word.  It  was  in  the  next  year,  1739,  that  Wesleyan  Methodism  was 
founded  by  Wesley,  and  the  first  "society,"  organized,  and  it  was  in  1839  that 
the  centenary  of  Wesleyan  Methodists  was  celebrated  in  many  countries  of  the 
world.  From  time  to  time  different  societies  were  organized,  all  of  which  for 
years  were  maintained  and  considered  as  "  unsectarian,"  but  which  all  the  while 
were  developing  into  a  new  sect,  and  adding  one  more  denomination  to  those 
already  in  existence,  a  consu  mmation  impossible  to  evade  or  avoid,  as  has  since 
been  found  the  case  with  the  "  Disciples  of  Christ,"  or  "  Christians,"  as  they  call 
themselves  by  way  of  pre-eminence. 

The  growth  of  Methodism  has  been  remarkably  great  and  rapid,  and,  as  it  would 
be  but  natural  to  infer,  the  Methodists  have  been  during  the  160  years  of  their 
existence  divided  into  numerous  branches.  But  the  essential  doctrines  of  all 
these  branches  are  substantially  the  same,  and  may  be  briefly  stated  as  being 
embraced  in  a  system  of  evangelical  Arminianism.  But,  in  particular,  Wesleyan 
divines  hold  to  the  doctrines  of  original  sin,  general  redemption,  repentance,  justi 
fication  by  faith,  or  witness  of  the  Spirit,  and  Christian  perfection. 

Having  thus  presented  Mr.  Wesley's  view  of  the  nature  of  the  faith  that  saves, 
and  the  particular  doctrines  of  most,  if  not  all,  Methodist  churches,  it  is  next 
necessary  to  briefly  trace  the  history  of  Methodism  in  America,  before  taking 
up  the  history  of  the  Methodist  churches  in  Toronto.  The  beginnings  of  Meth 
odism  in  North  America  are  traceable  to  the  year  1766,  when  a  few  pious  emi 
grants  from  Ireland  introduced  the  new  religion  into  New  York.  In  1769  two 
preachers  volunteered  to  go  to  America  from  England,  the  Rev.  Richard  Board- 
man  and  the  Rev.  Joseph  Pelmoor,  the  former  going  to  New  York,  the  latter  to 
Philadelphia.  In  1771  two  itinerants  went  out  from  England  to  America,  Fran 
cis  Asbury  and  Richard  Wright.  In  1773  Thomas  Rankin  went  out,  and  it  was 
he  that  held  the  first  Methodist  conference  in  America,  in  Philadelphia,  at  which 
time  there  were  ten  itinerant  preachers  and  1,160  members  of  this  denomination 
in  America. 

Upon  the  breaking  out  of  the  Revolutionary  war  the  English  Methodist 
preachers  became  unpopular,  and  all  but  Francis  Asbury  returned  to  Eno-land, 
which  fact  greatly  distinguishes  Rev.  Francis  Asbury  among  the  early  Methodists 
in  North  America. 

12  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

It  is  probably  true  that  the  first  Methodists  to  appear  in  Canada  were  among 
the  soldiers  of  General  Wolfe  in  Quebec,  who  held  meetings  in  their  camps  and 
barracks  as  early  as  1763,  and  according  to  Daniell's  excellent  "History  of  Method 
ism,"  Phillip  Embrey,  Paul  Heck  and  other  Palatine  emigrants,  in  1774,  together 
with  their  families,  exchanged  their  homes  in  New  York  for  others  in  Upper 
Canada,  or  in  what  is  now  known  as  the  Province  of  Quebec.  After  residing  in 
the  vicinity  of  Montreal  four  years  they  removed  to  Canada  West,  now  Ontario, 
settling  in  the  township  of  Augusta,  where  they  established  a  class.  Other 
classes  were  established  in  different  parts  of  the  British  provinces,  and  in  1787  a 
local  preacher  from  the  United  States,  named  George  Neal,  established  a  home 
on  the  Canadian  side  of  the  Niagara  river. 

The  Rev.  William  Losee  was  present  in  Canada  in  1790-93,  in  the  vicinity  of 
Kingston,  and  in  1791  the  number  of  Methodists  in  Canada  was  2,795.  The  ter- 

o  ' 

ritory  for  about  twenty  years  was  included  in  the  New  York,  New  England, 
Philadelphia  or  Genesee  conference. 

Rev.  William  Case  is  considered  the  father  of  Canadian  missions.  Ordained 
by  Bishop  Asbury,  he  was  presiding  elder  in  Canada  from  1818  to  1828.  The 
other  administrator  of  Canadian  Methodism  was  Rev.  Henry  Ryan.  One  of  the 
early  English  missionaries  was  the  Rev.  Enoch  Wood,  D.D.  Born  in  Lincoln 
shire,  England,  in  1804,  he  entered  the  services  of  the  Wesleyan  Missionary 
Society  in  1820,  laboring  for  three  years  in  the  West  India  mission,  and  for  nine 
teen  years  in  the  Province  of  New  Brunswick.  He  was  then  appointed  by  the 
British  Conference  superintendent  of  missions  in  Canada,  at  which  time  he  re 
moved  to  Toronto. 

The  early  Methodists  in  Canada  had  many  difficulties  to  encounter  in  the  pro 
secution  of  their  religious  duties.  The  Church  of  England  had  then  a  consider 
able  following  in  the  new  country,  which  took  occasion  to  annoy  the  new 
religionists  in  many  ways.  One  of  these  methods  of  persecution  was  to  prevent 
so  far  as  possible  the  Methodist  ministers  from  performing  marriage  ceremonies, 
which  they  presumed  they  had  a  right  to  do  simply  because  they  were  regularly 
ordained  ministers.  Rev.  Henry  Ryan,  whose  name  is  one  of  the  prominent  ones 
in  the  early  history  of  Methodism  in  Canada,  was  punished  by  a  judge  for  per 
forming  a  marriage  ceremony,  although  there  was  no  law  in  Canada  prohibiting 
him  from  so  doing.  This  was  one  reason  for  the  Methodists  in  Canada  desiring 


to  separate  from  the  Church  of  England,  another  being  that  Methodists  were 
sometimes  charged  with  disloyalty  to  England,  which  led  them  to  desire  to 
change  their  relation  to  the  Methodist  Church  in  the  United  States. 

However,  a  petition  was  forwarded  to  the  General  Conference  of  the  Methodist 
Church,  asking  for  the  organization  of  a  conference  in  Canada,  which  was  granted, 
and  on  August  4,  1824,  the  Canada  Conference  was  organized  under  the  Presi 
dency  of  Bishops  George  and  Hedding.  The  organization  of  this  conference  did 
not,  however,  satisfy  Mr.  Ryan,  neither  did  it  diminish  the  hostility  of  Rev.  Dr. 
Strachan,  who  was  assiduously  laboring  for  the  building  up  of  the  Church  of 
England  in  Canada.  Mr.  Ryan  and  others  continued  their  labors  in  favor  of  in 
dependence  until  1828.  It  was  thought  best  to  urge  upon  the  General  Confer 
ence  the  separation  of  the  Canada  Conference  from  the  parent  country,  and  the 
General  Conference  being  satisfied  that  the  Methodists  in  Canada  desired  to 
organize  themselves  into  a  Methodist  Episcopal^church,  decided  that  they  should 
have  the  privilege  of  so  doing ;  hence  at  the  session  of  the  Canada  Conference, 
held  at  Ernesto wn  in  October,  1825,  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  of  Canada 
was  duly  organized,  the  Rev.  William  Case  being  elected  to  the  general  superin- 
tendency  pro  tern. 

Soon,  however,  new  difficulties  arose.  The  Wesleyan  Methodists  of  England 
felt  no  longer  bound  to  abstain  from  pushing  their  work  in  Upper  Canada,  and 
stationed  ministers  at  certain  points  in  this  province.  The  result  was  a  collision 
which  led  to  a  complete  change  in  the  polity  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church, 
surrendering  those  particular  features  which  distinguished  it  from  the  Wesleyan 
Methodist  church,  so  far  as  church  government  was  concerned,  and  it  became  a 
part  of  the  latter  body. 

Quite  a  considerable  body  of  Methodists,  however,  could  not  submit  to  the 
Union.  They  decided  to  continue  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  on  June 
25,  1834),  held  a  conference  at  Cummer's  church,  on  Yonge  Street,  at  which  only 
a  small  number  was  present.  After  several  legal  controversies,  in  which  the  pro 
perty  of  the  church  was  first  decided  by  the  courts  to  belong  to  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  church  and  afterward  to  the  Wesleyan  Methodists,  each  body  finally 
secured  and  maintained  a  separate  organization  and  a  separate  church  property, 
which  they  maintained  until  the  time  of  the  general  union. 

The  Methodist  church  is  well  represented  in  Toronto.     From  the  beginning  of 


the  English  speaking  colony  now  known  as  Ontario,  the  Methodist  church  has 
been  an  organization  working  for  the  good  of  the  people.     Toronto  was  founded 
by  Governor  Simcoe  in  1794,  and  in  that  year  the  Province  of  Upper  Canada 
was  divided  into  two  circuits,  upper  and  lower.     Little   York,  as   Toronto  was 
then  called,  was  frequently  visited  by  the  evangelist,  Rev.  Elijah  Woolsey,  and 
it   is  believed   that  this   pious  minister  of  the  Gospel  laid  the  foundations  of 
Methodism  in  this  city.     Little  York  was  subsequently  included  in  the  Niagara, 
the  Bay  of  Quinte,  and  the  Home  District  circuits,  the  latter  having  been  made 
a  separate  circuit  in  1804.     The  preacher  appointed  to  the   Home  District  was 
the  Rev.  William  Anson,  who  is  said  to  have  been  gifted  with  that  peculiar,  rare 
and  religious  eloquence  which  in  that  "  age  of  faith  "  proved  so  effectual .     In 
1805  the  name  of  Home  District  circuit  was  changed   to  the  Yonge  Street  cir 
cuit,  Little  York  being  the  central  point,  and  the  Rev.  Daniel  Picket  being  the 
appointed  preacher.     From  that  time  on  for  some  years  sermons  were  delivered 
and  services  held  in  school  houses,  private  residences  and  hotels.     Among  the 
early  settlers  who  showed  much  hospitality  to    the  itinerant  preachers,  those 
early  pioneers  of  Methodism  in  Little  York,  was    a    family  named  Dettar,  as 
also  did  the  Rev.  Thomas  Stoyle.     In  1817  the  Rev.  David  Gulp  was  appointed 
to  the  Yonge  Street  circuit,  and  the  Rev.  James  Jackson  to  the  Duffin's  Creek 
circuit,  each  officiating  in  turn  at  the  York  mission,  and  in  this  way    regular 
Sunday  preaching  was  supplied.     During  this  year  the  first  attempt  was  made 
to  erect  a  church  building  in  York,  the  honor  of  originating  and  carrying  out 
the  work  being  due  to  the  Rev.  Henry  Ryan,  who  was  for  many  years  presiding 
elder  of  the  district. 

York  was  made  a  separate  station  in  1827,  and  Rev.  William  Ryerson  was 
the  preacher,  brother  of  the  distinguished  educator,  Dr.  Egerton  Ryerson. 
Rev.  William  Ryerson  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  F.  Metcalf,  Rev.  W.  Smith, 
Rev.  J.  Ryerson,  and  Rev.  A.  Irvine,  and  at  the  Conference  of  1833  a  union 
was  effected  with  the  British  Conference.  Previous  to  this  time  the  Methodists 
of  Canada  had  been  connected  with  an  organization  in  the  United  States,  this 
union  being  broken  up  in  1840,  and  restored  in  1847,  by  the  Conference  which 
met  in  Toronto  that  year. 

For  many  years  during  the  early  history  of  Toronto,  there  were  four  different 
branches  of  Methodists  in  the  city  :  1.  Those  belonging  to  the  Canadian  Confer- 


ence.  2.  Those  belonging  to  the  British  Wesleyan  Church.  3.  The  Primitive 
Methodists,  an  offshoot  from  the  Wesleyan  Methodists  of  England  ;  and,  4,  those 
calling  themselves  New  Connexion  Methodists,  another  offshoot  from  the  same 
source.  These  several  branches  of  the  denomination  taught  the  same  doctrines, 
had  the  same  mode  of  worship,  and  practically  the  same  church  government. 
Why,  then,  did  they  so  long  remain  separate  ?  The  causes  were  at  least  two 
fold  ;  political  and  social.  If  a  man  were  a  British  Methodist  he  was  at  once 
set  down  as  a  high  Conservative  in  politics.  The  Primitive  Methodist  Church 
contained  the  Radicals,  and  the  New  Connexion  people  were  somewhat  doubtful, 
containing  members  of  both  political  parties.  The  Canadian  Methodists  were 
also  made  up  of  both  Tories  and  Radicals. 

By  1826  the  membership  of  the  first  Methodist  church  in  Toronto  had  reached 
200.  Up  to  this  time  there  had  been  no  resident  minister.  Most  of  the  time 
there  had  been  preaching  but  once  in  two  weeks,  but  now  services  began  to  be 
held  more  frequently,  every  Sunday,  in  fact.  The  next  year  the  town  was  sep 
arated  from  the  country,  and  a  preacher  was  stationed  in  the  town  to  look  after 
the  interests  of  the  congregation  at  what  was  then  called  the  "  White  Meeting 
House."  The  preacher  thus  stationed  at  York,  as  has  been  already  intimated, 
was  the  Rev.  William  Ryerson,  "  a  man  of  wonderfully  persuasive  eloquence," 
who  was  succeeded  the  next  year  by  the  Rev.  Franklin  Metcalf.  This  year, 
Methodists  in  Canada  were  set  off  as  an  independent  branch  of  the  church. 

When  the  Christian  Guardian  was  commenced,  in  1829,  Rev.  Mr.  Metcalf 
acted  as  assistant  editor  to  the  Rev.  Egerton  Ryerson.  Mr.  Metcalf  was  educat 
ed  as  a  physician,  but  gave  up  the  practice  of  medicine  to  become  a  preacher,  and 
it  is  said  that  he  was  an  excellent  scholar,  and  one  of  the  best  preachers  of  his 
day.  After  remaining  pastor  of  this  church  two  years,  he  became  presiding 

As  stated  above,  Methodists  became  independent  in  Canada  in  1828.  Rev. 
William  Case  was  appointed  chief  superintendent,  pro  tern.  During  the  same 
year  a  committee  was  appointed  to  correspond  with  the  British  conference  with 
the  view  of  establishing  a  friendly  relation  and  intercourse  between  the  two  con 
nections.  In  1830  a  constitution  for  the  Upper  Canada  Academy  was  adopted, 
and  a  movement  begun  for  the  securing  of  funds  for  the  erection  of  a  building. 
This  movement  resulted  in  the  University  of  Victoria,  and  in  1831  each  minister 

16  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

was  requested  to  appropriate  his  marriage  fees  towards  the  erection  of  the 
academy.  In  J  832  a  delegation  was  sent  to  England,  the  result  of  their  mission 
being  a  union  with  British  Methodism  the  next  year.  The  Rev.  George  Marsden 
was  sent  out  as  the  first  English  president  of  the  conference,  which  conference 
was  held  in  the  town  of  York  in  October,  1833. 

All  the  circumstances  above  related  were  of  great  consequence  to  the  Metho 
dists  of  Toronto,  this  name  being  given  to  the  city  about  this  time. 

A  new  church  building  was  then  soon  to  be  erected,  a  site  therefor  having 
been  procured  on  Newgate  Street,  now  Adelaide,  nearly  opposite  the  present 
post  office.  The  building  was  ready  for  occupancy  in  1833.  The  Rev.  Alexan 
der  Irvine  was  the  last  minister  in  the  old  frame  church,  and  was  the  first  in  the 
new  one,  which  was  a  substantial  and  commodious  brick  one,  and  lasted  the  con 
gregation  for  many  years.  Many  scenes  of  great  interest  occurred  while  the 
church  was  on  Adelaide  Street,  controversies  in  the  church  as  well  as  in  political 
circles  being  the  rule  of  the  day.  The  insurrection  of  1837,  sometimes  known  as 
the  "  Patriot  War,"  was  felt  throughout  the  entire  country.  Jealousy  existed 
among  the  different  Methodist  bodies,  which  did  not  tend  toward  religious  pros 
perity.  The  union  of  the  two  branches  of  the  Church  lasted  until  1840,  and  then 
it  was  dissolved,  and  another  seven  years  of  strife  succeeded,  attended  with  dis 
cord  and  local  rivalry.  But,  notwithstanding  these  troubles,  the  city  continued  to 
grow  in  population,  and  there  was  also  a  large  increase  in  the  membership  of  the 
Methodist  churches  therein. 

In  1847  another  union  between  the  British  and  Canadian  conferences  of 
Methodists  was  effected  on  such  a  basis  that  both  sides  were  better  satisfied  than 
before.  Activity  in  Methodism  prevailed,  revivalists  were  employed  and  revivals 
followed.  Great  zeal  was  manifested,  and  the  churches  grew  apace.  From  that 
time  Methodism  prospered  abundantly. 

At  this  time  certain  questions,  which  were  vital  to  the  prosperity  of  the  coun 
try,  still  remained  unsettled,  such  as  the  Clergy  Reserve  question  and  that  of 
the  Provincial  University,  which  subjects  were  closely  allied  to  the  policies  of 
the  day.  The  editor  of  the  Christian  Guardian  took  strong  ground  on  these 
questions,  and  in  so  doing  gave  great  offence  to  the  Methodists  who  differed  with 
him  upon  the  merits  of  the  questions  involved  in  the  discussion.  A  manifesto 
was  prepared  and  signed  by  forty  men,  remonstrating  with  the  editor  upon  what 


they  considered  the  prostitution  of  the  Guardian  to  political  purposes,  the  re 
monstrance  being  taken  to  him  for  insertion  in  the  Guardian.  Upon  the  declin 
ation  of  the  editor  to  publish  the  manifesto  it  was  taken  to  the  Toronto  Herald, 
in  the  columns  of  which  it  appeared.  The  forty  men  who  signed  this  manifesto 
went  in  a  body  out  of  the  Adelaide  Street  church,  uniting  with  other  Methodist 
churches  in  Toronto.  They  were  known  by  the  euphonious  title  of  the  "  Forty 
Thieves  " ;  and  while  the  discussions  and  dissensions  interfered  for  a  time  with 
the  growth  of  Methodism  in  Toronto,  yet  there  was  a  power  in  the  Church  for 
good  which  could  not  be  permanently  destroyed. 

A  circumstance  occurred  in  1836  which  led  to  the  secession  of  certain  leading 
members  of  the  Church.  In  1834,  an  evangelist,  named  Rev.  Mr.  Caird,  of  the 
Apostolic  Church — or,  as  they  were  otherwise  known,  the  Irvingites — first  visited 
Toronto.  Remaining  then  but  a  short  time  he  returned  in  1836,  and  was  followed 
by  others.  They  were  invited  to  preach  in  the  Adelaide  Street  church,  and  con 
tinued  to  occupy  the  pulpit  for  some  time,  and  until  they  began  to  think  they 
had  a  right  to  a  place  there.  In  the  meantime,  the  peculiarities  of  their  doctrines 
began  to  attract  attention,  among  other  features  being  the  practice  of  speaking 
in  unknown  tongues.  This  was  more  than  the  authorities  of  the  Church  could 
tolerate,  and  when  the  Irvingites  were  invited  to  leave  several  influential  mem 
bers  of  the  Church  left  with  them.  Among  them  was  the  Rev.  George  Ryerson, 
eldest  of  the  Ryerson  brothers,  who  became  the  first  "  angel  "  of  the  Church.  Mr. 
William  Patrick  and  other  leading  men  were  led  away  from  Methodism,  and  be 
came  chief  men  among  the  Irvingites. 

In  those  days,  also,  noted  revivalists  were  brought  over  from  the  United  States, 
some  of  them  men  of  mighty  power.  Among  these  revivalists  was  the  Rev.  John 
N.  Mafiit,  who  was  chaplain  for  some  years  of  the  lower  House  of  the  Congress 
of  the  United  States.  His  influence  with  young  people  was  very  great,  and 
through  his  labors  many  of  them  joined  the  Church.  Rev.  Mr.  Maffit  found  a 
grave  on  the  banks  of  the  Mississippi  river,  in  the  far-off  country  of  Arkansas. 

After  the  George  Street  church  was  closed  on  account  of  the  re-uniting  of  the 
British  Wesleyan  Methodists  with  the  Methodists  of  the  "  White  Meeting-house," 
already  narrated,  it  was  ascertained  that  there  were  still  a  few  Methodists  who 
preferred  the  English  conference,  and  who  wished  to  continue  their  worship 
under  the  London  Wesleyan  Missionary  committee.  Hence  the  George  Street 


church  was  re-opened  by  Messrs.  Richey  and  Stinson.  For  some  time  this  was 
the  leading  church  for  the  British  Methodists  in  Toronto,  continuing  so  until  the 
Richmond  Street  church  was  opened.  Since  then  the  old  church  has  had  a 
curious  career,  having  been  in  turns  an  Orange  hall,  a  Unitarian  church,  a  black 
smith  shop  and  a  dwelling-house.  But  it  had  a  glory  peculiarly  its  own.  Its 
ministers  were  men  of  religious  zeal  and  of  great  power,  seldom  excelled,  or  even 
equalled.  They  were  the  Revs.  Richey,  Stinson,  Davidson,  Hetherington  and 
others,  whose  names  are  now  recalled. 

In  1845  the  congregation  removed  to  Richmond  Street,  from  which  church  the 
following  are  offshoots:  The  Queen  Street  church, York ville  church,  Berkeley  Street 
church  and  Elm  Street  church.  The  ministers  stationed  at  the  Richmond  Street 
church  were  the  Revs.  W.  M.  Harvard  and  R.  Cooney,  D.D.  Mr.  Harvard  was  one 
of  the  young  missionaries  who,  in  1814,  sailed  for  India  with  Dr.  Coke,  who  died 
on  the  way  out,  Mr.  Harvard  reading  the  burial  service  over  Dr.  Coke's  remains. 
After  remaining  in  Ceylon  some  years,  Rev.  Mr.  Harvard  returned  to  England, 
and  subsequently  came  to  Canada,  where  he  remained  until  the  union  of  1847. 
Dr.  Cooney  was  educated  for  the  Roman  Catholic  priesthood,  and  upon  his  con 
version  to  Protestantism  he  became  a  preacher. 

It  has  been  stated  that  the  first  Methodist  church  in  Toronto,  now  named  the 
Metropolitan,  moved  to  their  new  building  on  the  corner  of  Adelaide  and  Toronto 
Streets  in  1833.  The  membership  at  that  time  was  255,  and  the  congregation 
continued  to  worship  there  until  1870,  when  they  removed  to  a  temporary  tab 
ernacle  while  the  present  magnificent  church  edifice  was  being  erected. 

The  plans  for  this  new  structure  were  prepared  by  Mr.  Langley,  and  the  cor 
ner-stone  was  laid  by  Dr.  Ryerson  on  August  24th,  1870.  The  church  was  for 
mally  opened  in  March,  1872,  when  Dr.  Tiffering  of  Newark,  N.  J.,  preached  to 
an  overflowing  congregation.  The  pastors  appointed  to  this  church  since  1872 
have  been  as  follows  :  1872,  Dr.  Cochrane  ;  1873,  Dr.  Jno.  Potts  ;  1876,  Dr.  Wm. 
Briggs;  1879,  Dr.  Jno.  Potts;  1882,  Dr.  Hugh  Johnston  ;  1885,  Dr.  E.  A.  Staf 
ford  ;  1888,  Rev.  Le  Roy  Hooker;  1891,  Rev.  J.  V.  Smith  and  Rev.  W.  J.  Smith; 
1893,  Rev.  James  Smith;  1894,  Rev.  James  Allen  ;  and  in  1897,  Rev.  R.  P.  Bowles. 

The  Sunday-school  of  the  Metropolitan  church  was  founded  November  18th, 
1818,  and  from  this  time  to  1820  the  superintendents  were  William  Patrick, 
Jesse  Ketchum  and  W.  D.  Morrison.  From  1820  to  1830,  the  superintendents 


were  William  Carfrae  and  Alexander  Hamilton.  In  1832  the  Sunday-school  was 
moved  to  the  church  on  Adelaide  Street,  where  it  increased  in  numbers  very 

The  superintendents  of  this  noted  Sunday-school  from  1832  to  1866  were  as 
follows:  1832,  Alexander  Hamilton;  1834,  George  Bilton ;  183G,  J.  Beatty  ; 
1843,  James  Hodgrow  ;  1847,  J.  Lawrence;  1850,  M.  Lavell,  M.D. ;  1854,  Archi 
bald  McCallum,  and,  in  the  same  year,  John  Holland ;  1855,  John  Murphy ;  1860, 
William  Blight;  1861,  Fuller  Smith,  Dr.  Bull  and  W.  H.  Kerr;  1862,  C.  W- 
Coates  ;  1865,  J.  Butler;  and  in  1866,  William  Nixon. 

In  1872  the  school  was  removed  to  the  new  church  building,  the  present  fine 
Metropolitan  church,  where  it  has  ever  since  been  conducted  with  success. 
Among  the  superintendents  since  that  time  have  been  Thomas  Nixon,  James 
Patterson,  James  Boustead,  Alexander  Mills,  and  A  Carrick,  the  latter  of  whom 
has  been  the  superintendent  since  1895. 


Before  the  First  Chapel. 

jHOSO  would  stand  upon  Wells'  Hill,  or  other  northern  eminence,  and 
looking  southward  on  the  beauteous  city  sloping  gradually  to  its 
land-locked  bay  and  the  great  lake  beyond,  and  view  its  myriad 
churches  everywhere  throughout  its  length  and  breadth,  whose 
tall  spires,  gleaming  in  the  sun,  point,  like  index-fingers,  to  the  azure 
skies  whither  the  Son  of  God  himself  ascended  to  sit  in  glory  at  the 
Father's  side— the  solitary  hope  and  life  indeed,  for  tired  and  worn  humanity, 
spent,  as  it  is,  in  its  long,  losing  battle  with  death  and  sin — would  find  it  difficult 
to  realize  that  only  eighty  years  ago  this  wide-spreading  city,  with  its  miles 
of  streets  and  palatial  buildings,  with  its  shaded  avenues  and  tree-clothed  parks, 
was  but  a  village  nestling  near  the  inland  sea,  wherein  as  yet  not  one  church  of 
Methodism  had  been  erected  and  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  the  living  God. 

It  is  a  moral  certainty  that  in  the  year  1795  the  Rev.  Elijah  Woolsey  was  the 
first  Methodist  divine  to  preach  the  gospel  in  Toronto  when  the  present  metro 
polis  was  but  a  collection  of  less  than  twenty  houses. 

He  was  born  July  26th,  1771,  in  Marlboro,  Ulster  County,  New  York.  His 
parents  were  pious  ;  his  mother  especially  was  deeply  devoted  to  God,  and  no 
doubt  imparted  to  him  early  religious  instruction. 

He  was  early  converted  to  God,  and  at  twenty  years  of  age  entered  the  itiner 
ant  ministry  in  the  State  of  New  York.  In  the  year  1794  he  volunteered  his 
services  for  Canada,  and  in  the  following  year  he  received  the  appointment  of 
the  Bay  of  Quinte  District,  of  which  Toronto  was  then  the  westerly  point.  His 
companion  in  this  missionary  enterprise  was  James  Coleman,  another  dauntless, 
heroic  man  of  God.  Not  only  was  Canada  then  an  unsettled  land,  destitute  of 
the  comforts  of  civilized  life,  but  the  road  to  it  from  the  State  of  New  York  for 
some  hundreds  of  miles  was  through  an  almost  unbroken  forest.  The  story  of 
their  long  and  perilous  journey  to  the  hyperborean  north  reads  like  a  romance. 
John  Bailey,  of  Monlinette,  acted  as  their  guide.  They  came  by  canoe  up  the 
Mohawk  river  to  Fort  Stanwix,  where  by  a  short  portage  they  entered  Wood 



creek,  which  flows  into  Oneide  lake,  which  in  turn  discharges  its  waters  by  the 
Ononda  river  into  Lake  Ontario,  which  they  entered  where  Oswego  now  stands, 
and  then  coasted  along  its  shore  and  crossed  to  Kingston,  where,  after  a  journey 
of  incredible  toil  and  hardship,  sleeping  from  fifteen  to  twenty  nights  in  the 
woods,  they  arrived  safely.  Toward  the  end  of  the  trip  their  provisions  ran  out 
and  they  were  reduced  to  a  single  cracker  per  day  each. 

He  was  a  man  of  wonderful  personal  magnetism  and  his  preaching  was  accom 
panied  with  power  from  on  high.  Though  of  great  benevolence  of  character  and 
amenity  of  manners  his  oratory  showed  in  many  ways  the  dauntless  courage 
that  characterized  him.  He  spent  two  years  in  Canada,  returning  again  to  the 
States,  where,  after  laboring  in  the  ministry  for  forty-four  years,  he  died  at  his 
residence  in  Rye,  in  the  State  of  New  York,  at  the  advanced  age  of  seventy- 

The  greatest  of  the  early  preachers  who  visited  Little  York  in  its  infancy  un 
doubtedly  was  Nathan  Bangs,  who  passed  through  the  settlements  like  a 
flaming  evangel. 

He  was  born  in  the  Eastern  States  in  1779,  where  he  received  a  good  New 
England  common  school  education,  although  his  father  failed  in  his  project  of 
giving  him  a  classical  one.  Subsequently,  that  father,  who  was  self-instructed, 
taught  him  the  art  of  surveying.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  his  father  and  family 
removed  to  what  was  then  a  wilderness  part  of  New  York,  somewhere  on  the 
east  branch  of  the  Delaware.  While  there,  the  family  were  in  great  distress  for 
a  time  on  account  of  his  mother  and  little  sister  who  were  lost,  and  spent  a  night 
in  the  woods.  During  their  residence  in  that  place,  Nathan  sometimes  heard  the 
Methodist  preachers,  who  had  followed  up  the  settlers  to  their  wilderness  homes, 
and  by  whom  all  the  family,  except  the  father,  were  ultimately  brought  into  the 
Methodist  Church.  Three  of  his  brothers,  as  well  as  himself,  finally  became 
preachers.  For  the  present  Nathan  repelled  conviction,  and  provided  a  salve 
for  his  conscience  by  finding  subjects  of  sarcasm  in  the  humble  servants  of  God. 
Impelled  by  the  pioneer  spirit  of  the  age,  on  the  9th  of  May,  1799,  he  started  for 
the  still  further  wilds  of  Canada.  He  took  his  surveying  instruments  with  a 
view  to  his  exercising  his  profession  in  a  country  which  promised  to  furnish 
ample  opportunities  for  its  employment.  He  was  accompanied  by  a  devoted 
sister  and  her  husband.  Their  way  lay  through  the  forest,  and  the  only  convey- 


ance  for  the  lady  and  their  few  effects  was  an  ox-sled.  They  passed  by  the  spot 
where  Buffalo  now  stands,  where  they  found  only  two  or  three  log  huts.  They 
crossed  Niagara  at  Fort  Erie,  and  coasted  downwards  to  the  neighborhood  of  the 
great  cataract.  The  poetry  of  his  nature  was  fed  by  its  ceaseless  roar — the  dark 
woods  stretching  away  on  every  hand — and  by  the  reading  of  Milton's  Poems, 
Bunyan's  Progress  and  Hervey's  Meditations,  which  he  found  in  a  small  but 
well-assorted  private  library.  Through  his  pious  sisters'  exhortations  and  the 
salutary  influence  of  the  Rev.  James  Coleman's  goodly  character  and  conversation, 
whom  he  found  laboring  in  the  settlement,  he  was  prepared  for  the  more  mature 
counsels  of  the  Rev.  Joseph  Sawyer,  who  succeeded  him,  and  through  whose 
instrumentality  he  was  converted  and  joined  the  Church.  In  1801  he  began  to 
preach  and  received  an  appointment  on  the  Thames  River,  where  his  great 
abilities  and  transcendent  spirituality  became  manifest  in  a  marked  revival  of 
religion  there.  He  has  told  the  story  of  his  early  itinerancy  himself,  and  the 
experiences  that  he  passed  through  in  and  near  Little  York  we  copy  word  for 

"  On  the  7th  October,  1802, 1  set  off  in  company  with  Joseph  Jewell,  the  presid 
ing  elder,  for  the  Bay  of  Quinte  circuit.  We  had  a  terrible  road  to  travel  from 
the  head  of  Lake  Ontario  to  Little  York,  as  it  was  then  called,  now  Toronto,  over 
hills  and  creeks,  through  mud  and  water,  but  at  last  arrived  in  safety.  We  had 
an  appointment  for  preaching  in  Yonge  Street  on  the  evening  of  the  next  day. 
After  the  sermon  by  Mr.  Jewell  I  gave  an  exhortation.  The  people  requested 
that  I  might  be  left  for  a  few  daj-s  to  preach  in  the  neighborhood.  I  accordingly 
stayed  behind,  with  the  understanding  that  I  should  go  on  in  a  short  time.  At 
the  time  appointed  I  set  off,  but  was  taken  sick  with  influenza  on  the  way. 
Being  tenderly  nursed  in  the  house  where  I  stopped,  I  soon  recovered,  mounted 
my  horse,  and  rode  some  miles,  when  my  faithful  animal  was  taken  sick  and  the 
next  day  died.  Here,  then,  I  was  alone  in  a  strange  place,  without  money,  with 
out  a  horse,  and,  as  far  as  I  knew,  without  friends.  I  trusted  in  God  alone,  and 
He  provided  for  me.  In  about  half  an  hour,  during  which  I  hardly  knew  which 
way  to  turn,  a  gentleman  came  along  and  offered  to  lend  me  a  horse,  on  condition 
that  I  would  defer  my  journey  to  the  Bay  of  Quinte,  and  agree  to  remain  in 
those  parts  preaching  for  some  time.  I  thankfully  accepted  his  offer,  mounted 
the  horse,  and  went  on  my  way  rejoicing  up  to  Little  York.  The  settlements  in 


this  part  of  the  country  were  all  new,  the  roads  extremely  bad  and  the  people 
generally  poor  and  demoralized.  Our  occasional  preachers  were  exposed  to  many 
privations  and  often  too  much  suffering  from  poor  fare  and  violent  opposition. 
Seth  Crowell,  a  zealous  and  godly  itinerant,  had  travelled  along  the  lake  shore 
before  me,  and  had  been  instrumental  in  the  awakening  and  conversion  of  many 
of  the  settlers,  so  that  some  small  societies  had  been  formed  ;  but  they  were  far 
apart,  and  I  found  them  in  a  dwindled  condition.  On  Yonge  Street,  which  was 
a  settlement  extending  westward  from  Little  York  in  a  district  line  for  about 
thirty  miles,  there  were  no  societies,  but  all  the  field  was  new  and  uncultivated, 
with  the  exception  of  some  Quaker  neighborhoods.  Among  these  '  Friends  '  I 
formed  some  pleasant  acquaintances."  He  had  met  with  some  of  them  in  the 
scenes  of  his  earlier  ministerial  labors.  They  liked  his  earnest  spirit  and  his 
doctrine,  though  they  disapproved  the  practical  system  of  Methodism,  especially 
its  organized  ministry.  Sometimes  travelling  at  a  distance  from  their  settlement, 
they  would  join  his  log  cabin  congregations,  and  after  the  sermon  rise  and  bear 
their  favorable  "  testimonies."  One  of  them  hearing  him  on  his  first  circuit  was  so 
inspired  and  delighted  by  his  fervent  discourse  as  to  ask  "  liberty  to  testify," 
and  then  proceeded  to  say  that,  while  listening,  "  It  was  given  him  to  rise  to 
the  blessed  vision  of  the  Revelator ;  he  saw  the  angel,  bearing  the  everlasting 
gospel,  flying  through  the  midst  of  heaven.  This  is  the  everlasting  gospel  which 
they  had  heard  that  day,"  and  the  good  Quaker  went  on  to  support  his  Methodist 
brother  with  a  home-directed  exhortation  to  the  wondering  people.  The  two 
speakers  had  an  agreeable  interview  after  the  service,  and  comforted  each  other 
on  their  way  heavenward.  The  itinerant  always  afterward  liked  the  'Friends,' 
though  he  deemed  some  of  their  peculiarities  unscriptural,  and  frankly  told  them 
so.  He  resolved  now  to  visit  their  settlement  along  the  extended  "  Yon^e 
Street "  route. 

He  set  out  on  a  winter's  day  with  the  determination  to  call  at  as  many  houses 
as  possible  on  the  way  and  give  a  "  word  of  exhortation  "  to  each.  At  every  door 
he  said :  "  I  have  come  to  talk  with  you  about  religion  and  to  pray  with  you. 
If  you  are  willing  to  receive  me  for  this  purpose  I  will  stop ;  if  not,  I  will  go  on. 
Only  one  repulsed  me  through  the  entire  day ;  all  others  heard  my  exhortations, 
and  permitted  me  to  pray  with  them.  I  entered  one  house  where  I  found  the 
family  at  dinner.  I  talked  with  them  for  a  while  and  then  proposed  prayer. 


When  I  arose  from  my  knees  the  man  was  in  a  profuse  perspiration,  and,  looking 
me  in  the  face,  with  much  emotion  said,  '  Sir,  I  believe  you  pray  in  the  Spirit.' 
I  gave  him  a  word  of  advice  and  left  him  a  thoughtful,  perhaps  an  awakened, 
man.'  Some,  however,  held  eager  disputes  with  him  on  theological  questions, 
and  most  were  more  inclined  to  show  their  rustic  skill  in  polemics  than  to  join 
in  his  earnest  devotions;  but  all  treated  him  kindly  except  a  stout  High 
Churchman,  a  rude  emigrant,  who  avowed  himself  to  '  be  of  the  High  Church  of 
England,  and  a  believer  in  her  Articles  and  Prayer-book.'  He  became  so  enraged 
at  the  preacher's  citation  of  the  Church  Catechism  on  the  sacramental  sign  of 
'  inward  spiritual  grace — a  new  birth  unto  righteousness,'  that  he  vociferously 
threatened  to  '  pitch  him  neck  and  heels  '  out  of  the  cabin,  and  would  probably 
have  done  so  had  it  not  been  for  the  interference  of  his  daughter." 

He  delayed  much  on  this  route,  preaching  often  and  with  success.     "  There 
was  quite  an  awakening  among  the  people,"  he  writes,  "  and  many  sought  re 
demption  in  the  blood  of  Christ,  so  that  several  societies  were  formed.     But 
there  was  a  marked  line  of  distinction  between  the  righteous  and  the  wicked, 
there  being  but  very  few  who  were  indifferent  or  outwardly  moral  to  interpose 
between  them.     All  showed  openly  what  they  were  by  their  words  and  actions, 
and  either  accepted  religion  heartily  or  opposed  it  violently  ;  the  great  majority, 
thouo-h  most  of  them  would  come  to  hear  me  preach,  were  determined  opposers, 
Such  is   the  character  of   frontier  communities.     Moral    restraints   are  feeble 
among  them ;  conventional  restraints   are  few ;   the  freedom  of    their   simple 
wilderness-life  characterizes  all  their  habits ;  they  have  their  own  code  of  dis 
course,  and  sometimes  of  law  itself.     They  are  frank,  hospitable,  but  violent  in 
prejudice  and  passion,  fond  of  disputation,  of  excitement,  and  of  hearty,  if  not 
reckless,  amusements.     The  primitive  Methodist  preachers  knew  well  how  to  ac 
commodate  themselves  to  the  habits,  as  also  to  the  fare,  of  such  a  people,  and 
hence  their  extraordinary   success  along  the  whole  American  frontier.     Their 
simple  and  familiar  methods  of  worship  in  cabins  and  barns,  or  under  trees,  suit 
ed  the  rude  settlers.     Their  meetings  were  without  the  stiff  order  and  ceremon 
ious  formality  of  older  communities.     They  were  often  scenes  of  free  debate,  of 
interpellations  and  interlocutions;  a  hearer  at  the  door-post  or  the  window 
responding  to,  or  questioning,  or  defying  the  preacher,  who  '  held  forth '  from  a 
chair,  a  bench,  or  a  barrel,  at  the  other  end  of  the  building.     This  popular  free- 


dom  was  not  without  its  advantages ;  it  authorized  equal  freedom  on  the  part  of 
the  preacher  ;  it  allowed  great  plainness  of  speech  and  directness  of  appeal.  The 
glimpses  afforded  by  some  of  the  reminiscences  of  that  day  include  crowded  con 
gregations  in  log  huts  or  barns— some  of  the  hearers  seated,  some  standing,  some 

filling  the  unglazed  casements,  some  thronging  the  overhanging  trees startling 

inteijectioris  thrown  into  the  sermon  by  eccentric  preachers — violent  polemics 
between  the  preacher  and  headstrong  sectaries,  the  whole  assembly  sometimes 
involved  in  the  earnest  debate,  some  for,  some  against  him,  and  ending  in  gen 
eral  confusion.     A  lively  Methodist  hymn  was  usually  the  best  means  of  restor 
ing  order  in  such  cases.     Our  itinerant  was  never  confounded  by  these  interrup 
tions.     He  had  a  natural  tact  and  a  certain  authoritative  presence,  an  air  of 
command,  qualified  by  a  concessive  temper,  which  seldom  failed  to  control  the 
roughest  spirits.     He  was  often  characteristic,  if  not  directly  personal,  in  his 
preaching ;  sometimes  with  quite  naive,  if  not  ludicrous  results.     On  one  occasion 
he  was  contrasting  the  characters  of  the  righteous  and  the  wicked.     "  When  an 
apparently  well-meaning  man,"  he  wiites,  "sitting  before  me,  said  aloud  :  '  How 
do  you  know  that,  sir  ?'     I  made  him  no  reply,  but  proceeded  with  the  delinea 
tion  of  the  godless  character,  and   then  remarked:  'It  matters  not  what  your 
condition  or  name  is,  if  you  do  thus  wickedly  you  will  be  damned  !'     He  arose, 
bowed  very  respectfully,  and  said :  '  My  name  is  Benaiah  Brown,  at  your  ser 
vice,'  and  sat  down  again.     Some  of  my  friends,  thinking  he  wished  to  make 
disturbance,  went  toward  him  to  put  him  out  of  the  house.     I  requested  them  to 
let  him  alone,  as  he  had  not  disturbed  me  at  all,  but  seemed  full  of  respect. 
After  the  meeting  he  remained,  and,  in  conversation  with  him,  I  asked  him  how 
he  came  to  address  me  in  the  manner  he  did.     He  replied :  '  Yon  described  my 
character  so  accurately  that  I  thought  you  knew  all  about  me,  and  that  I  mi<*ht 


as  well  give  you  my  name  and  have  done  with  it.'  I  gave  him  some  good  advice, 
and  we  parted  on  the  best  terms.  He  was  a  stranger  in  the  place ;  the  Word 
had  evidently  taken  hold  upon  his  heart,  and  I  may  hope  its  effects  were 

A  more  direct  case  occurred  in  a  settlement  about  ten  miles  from  Toronto. 
"  There  was,"  he  says,  "a  great  awakening  among  the  people,  but  an  inveterate 
fiddler  seemed  set  on  by  the  great  adversary  to  contest  the  victory  with  me  inch 
by  inch.  He  had  earned  considerable  money  as  the  musician  of  the  winter- 


night  dancing  parties  of  the  settlers;  but  he  was  now  willing  to  fiddle  for 
nothing  if  they  would  meet  to  dance  and  frolic  rather  than  to  pray.  He  con 
trived  every  possible  method  to  keep  the  young  people  from  our  meetings.  For 
some  time  he  carried  his  purpose  with  a  high  hand,  and  the  war  was  at  last 
fully  opened  between  us.  One  Sabbath  morning,  however,  I  fairly  caught  him. 
I  was  preaching  on  Gal.  v.,  19-21,  and  when  I  came  to  the  word  'revelings'  I 
applied  it  to  his  tactics,  and  said,  '  I  do  not  know  that  the  devil's  musician  is 
here  to-day  ;  I  do  not  see  him  anywhere  ! '  But  he  was  sitting  in  a  corner  out  of 
my  sight,  and  he  now  put  out  his  head  and  cried  out,  '  Here  I  am ;  ha  !  ha  !  ha  !' 
making  the  place  ring  with  his  laughter.  '  Ay,'  said  I,  '  you  are  there,  are  you  !" 
and  turning  toward  him,  looked  him  full  in  the  face,  and  addressed  myself  to 
him  in  language  of  rebuke  and  warning.  I  finally  told  him  that  if  he  did  not 
cease  alluring  the  young  people  into  sinful  amusements  I  would  pray  God  either 
to  convert  him  or  take  him  out  of  the  way,  and  I  had  no  doubt  that  God  would 
answer  my  prayer. 

"  The  power  of  God  evidently  fell  upon  the  assembly  ;  a  divine  awe  seemed  to  over 
power  them.  The  guilty  man  began  to  tremble  all  over  like  a  leaf,  and  turned 
deathly  pale.  He  finally  got  up  and  rushed  out  of  the  house.  He  went  liome, 
burned  his  fiddle,  and  we  were  thenceforth  rid  of  his  interference  with  our  meet 
ings  and  his  opposition  in  the  community."  He  sometimes  had  ruder  encounters. 
"  1  had,"  he  says,  "  an  appointment  to  preach  in  a  small  cabin,  the  family  of 
which  was  too  poor  to  entertain  me  conveniently  over  night.  T,  therefore,  in 
tended  to  return,  as  had  been  my  custom,  about  six  miles,  after  the  sermon,  for 
lodgings.  I  was  overtaken  on  my  way  to  the  place  by  a  sleigh  with  three  men 
in  it.  I  turned  my  horse  out  of  the  road  and  let  them  pass  me,  but  they  no  soon 
er  did  KO  than  they  stopped  and  began  vociferating  blasphemies  and  blackguard 
language  at  me,  and  if  I  attempted  to  pass  them  they  would  drive  on,  obstruct 
the  way,  and  thus  prevent  my  going  forward.  In  this  manner  they  continued 
to  annoy  me  about  half  an  hour,  keeping  up  an  unceasing  stream  of  Billingsgate; 
I  made  them  no  reply.  They  at  length  drove  on,  and  left  me  to  pursue  my  way 
in  peace.  In  the  evening  as  I  rose  up  to  preaeh  these  three  men  stood  looking 
in  at  the  door,  and  as  I  was  standing  at  the  door-post,  they  closed  the  entrance, 
and  were  close  to  my  right  hand.  I  requested  them  to  take  seats  ;  two  of  them 
did  so,  but  the  other  kept  his  place.  I  gave  out  for  my  text  Dan.  v.,  27: 


'  Thou  art  weighed  in  the  balances  and  art  found  wanting.'  In  the  introduc 
tion  to  the  discourse  I  made  some  remarks  about  Belshazzar's  impious  feast, 
enlarged  on  the  prevalent  drinking  habits  of  the  settlers,  and  observed  that 
there  were  people  who  were  not  contented  to  drink  in  taverns  and  in  their 
own  houses,  but  carried  bottles  of  wine  in  their  pockets.  The  man  who  still 
stood  at  my  right  hand  had  a  bottle  in  his  pocket;  he  drew  it  forth,  shook 
it  in  my  face  with  an  oath,  exclaiming,  'You  are  driving  that  at  me,'  and 
kept  up  a  continual  threat.  The  owner  of  the  house,  who  was  a  warm  friend  of 
mine,  instantly  arose,  with  two  or  three  others,  all  trembling  with  indigna 
tion,  and  came  toward  the  offender  to  seize  him  and  thrust  him  awaj'.  Per 
ceiving  their  design,  I  feared  there  would  be  bloodshed,  and  requested  them 
to  desist  and  take  their  seats,  for  I  was  not  afraid  of  my  opposer.  They  sat 
down,  but  this  only  seemed  to  enrage  the  man  still  more.  He  kept  on  swear 
ing,  with  his  clenched  fist  directed  at  me ;  but  I  continued  my  discourse  un 
moved  by  his  threats,  until  I  finally  called  on  the  God  of  Daniel,  who  de 
livered  him  from  the  lions,  to  deliver  me  from  this  lion-like  sinner,  when 
suddenly  he  escaped  out  of  the  door  and  fled  ;  his  two  companions  followed 
him,  and  we  ended  the  meeting  in  peace.  My  friends,  fearing  I  might  meet 
with  some  peril  should  I  attempt  to  return  that  night,  as  it  was  supposed 
that  these  ruffians  knew  that  I  intended  to  do  so,  persuaded  me  to  stay  all 
night.  It  was  well  I  did  so,  for  these  men  lay  in  ambush  for  me,  and  see 
ing  a  traveller — a  Mr.  Hall — approach  on  horseback,  one  of  them  said  with  an 
oath,  '  There  he  is,  let's  have  him,'"  blaspheming  and  cursing  him  as  the  Metho 
dist  preacher.  They  caught  him,  and  were  preparing  to  wreak  their  vengeance 
upon  him,  but  soon  discovered  that  they  had  committed  an  egregious  and  danger 
ous  blunder. 

The  assailed  traveller,  seeing  his  peril,  turned  upon  them  boldly,  and  showing 
a  hearty  disposition  to  fight,  notwithstanding  the  odds  against  him,  and  using  a 
style  of  language  surprisingly  like  their  own,  they  became  convinced  that  he  could 
be  no  Methodist  preacher,  and  took  to  their  heels.  "  Thus  God  saved  me  from 
these  ravening  wolves.  I  blessed  His  name,  and  learned  to  trust  more  than  ever 
his  protecting  providence.  No  little  good  resulted  from  this  incident;  it  raised 
me  up  many  friends ;  opposers  even  became  ashamed  of  the  malicious  rowdies, 
and  were  ready  now  to  defend  me.  In  the  midst  of  all  these  strange  scenes  I 


enjoyed  great  peace  with  God  ;  I  had  constant  access  to  Him  in  prayer,  and  went 
on  my  route  rejoicing  that  I  was  counted  worthy  to  suffer  for  His  name's  sake.  I 
passed  on  from  settlement  to  settlement  preaching  and  praying  with  the  people ; 
the  Divine  Spiiit  was  poured  out  upon  them,  and  many  were  converted.  Some 
of  the  neighborhoods  were  extremely  poor;  in  some  the  people  had  not  yet  a 
single  stable  for  the  accommodation  of  my  horse.  I  carried  with  me  oats  for 
him,  and,  lying  him  to  a  tree,  left  him  to  eat  at  night,  and  ate  and  slept  myself 
in  the  same  rcorn  in  which  I  preached.  This  I  had  to  do  frequently  ;  but  God 
was  with  me,  blessing  my  soul  and  the  people." 

On  the  first  of  January,  1802,  he  set  off  to  attend  some  preaching  appointments 

which  he  had  made  along  the  lake  shore.     The  journey  was  to  afford  him  some 

further  examples  of  frontier  life.     "The  roads,"  he  says,  "  were  bad,  most  of  the 

country  being  new  and  in  some  places  a  continuous  forest  of  from  ten  to  fifteen 

miles  extent.    About  sunset  I  came  to  a  ci  eek  the  bridge  of  which  was  so  broken 

that  my  horse  would  not  cross  upon  it,  neither  could  1  lead  or  drive  him  over  the 

ice  as  the  middle  ot  the  ci  eck  was  not  frozen,  but  the  current  ran  rapidly,  making 

a  noise  with  the  broken  ice  that  frightened  him.    I  went  up  and  down  the  stream 

for  a  considerable  distance  in  the  snow  arid  ice  to  find  a  place  on  which  I  might 

cross.     1  was  more  than  an  hour  in  making  this  useless  effort.     Being  compelled 

either  to  stay  in  the  woods  all  night  or  to  return,  of  the  two  evils  I  chose  the 

last.     I   found  on   my  way  back  an  Indian  trader's  house,  where  a  number  of 

people  were  assembled  to  celebrate  the  New  Year.     They  were  singing,  dancing, 

and  drii.king  at  a  high  rate.     1  offered  money  if  any  two  of  the  men  would  go 

with  n.e  and  help  me  over  the  creek;  but  no  one  would  consent,  for  the  night 

had  fallen  and  it  was  cold.     The  man  of  the  house  assured  me  that  if  I  would 

stay  with  him  over   night  I  should  be  well    treated.     I  accordingly  put  up  my 

horse  and  entered  the  house.     I  declined  the  whiskey  that  was  offered  me,  but 

told  the  woman  of  the  house  I  should  be  thankful  for  something  to  eat,  as  I  had 

eaten  nothing  since  early   in   the   morning.     She  kindly  prepared  me  a  good 

supper.     S.-ating  myself  by  the  fire,  I  commenced  a  conversation  with  a  woman 

on  the  subject  of  rel  gion.     I  found  that  she  was  a  back-slidden  Baptist;  while 

talking   with   her  one  and  another   drew  near   and  formed  quite  a  group   of 

lisUncrs,  until  finally  so  many  assembled  around  me  that  the  dance  could  not  go 

on.     A  large,  athletic  man  now  stepped  up  to  me  and  said,  '  Sir,  if  you  will 


remain  here  you  must  be  civil ;  you  must  not  preach.'  I  replied,  '  I  am  not 
preaching;  but  as  Providence  has  cast  my  lot  among  you,  I  think  it  my  duty  to 
talk  with  those  who  are  willing  to  hear  me  on  the  things  that  make  for  their 
eternal  peace.  You  will  not  deprive  me  of  this  privilege,  will  you  ? '  '  No,'  said 
he,  '  but  we  must  dance/  and  he  seized  the  woman  and  dragged  them  out  upon 
the  floor,  and  resumed  the  dance  with  increased  hilaiity.  This  they  continued 
until  nearly  midnight.  I  then  said  to  the  chief  trader,  who  had  become  very 
friendly  with  me,  '  With  your  permission  I  will  address  a  few  words  to  the  people/ 
He  assented,  and  requested  them  to  oive  attention.  I  arose  and  addiessed  them 
in  substance  as  follows:  '  It  is  now  midnight  and  the  holy  Sabbath  has  begun. 
You  have  amused  yourself  with  dancing,  I  think,  long  enough  to  satisfy  you,  if 
not  to  fatigue  you,  and  if  you  continue  it  longer  you  will  not  only  transgress  the 
law  of  God,  but  likewise  the  law  of  your  country.  I  advise  you,  therefore,  to 
desist  and  retire  to  your  rest/  They  complied  so  far  as  to  cease  dancing. 

"  But  the  Indian  trader  came  to  me  and  said,  '  The  Indians  are  encamped  a  short 
distance  from  us,  and  they  expect  a  dance  here,  as  I  have  promised  them  one/ 
He  asked  my  permission  to  let  them  have  it.  I  replied  that  I  had  no  control 
over  his  house,  or  the  Indians,  but  if  he  would  dispense  with  the  revel  he  would 
highly  gratify  me,  and,  I  doubted  not,  would  please  God.  He  rejoined  that  as 
'  he  had  promised  them  the  dance  they  would  expect  it,  and  would  be  greatly 
incensed  if  they  were  denied  it/ 

"  He  then  went  to  the  door  and  gave  the  Indian  '  whoop,'  and  down  came  the 
savages,  and  began  an  Indian  dance,  which,  with  their  drumming  upon  an  old  pan, 
their  frequent  yells,  their  stamping  and  bodily  distortions,  presented  a  spectacle 
fit  for  pandemonium.  I  requested  the  trader  to  assist  me  in  conversing  with 
them.  To  this  he  assented,  when  the  chief  of  the  Indians  presented  himself  be 
fore  me  with  great  dignity  and  gravity.  I  asked  him  if  they  knew  whence  they 
had  descended.  He  replied,  'Yes,  the  Great  Spirit  at  first  made  one  man  and 
one  woman,  placed  them  on  an  island  about  an  acre  in  size;  thence  they  were 
driven  off  for  an  act  of  disobedience  to  the  continent,  and  from  them  they  had 
all  descended/  I  then  gave  him  an  account  of  the  creation  of  the  world,  of  man 
in  particular,  of  his  fall  and  its  consequences.  I  asked  him  if  he  had  ever  heard 
of  Jesus  Chi  1st.  He  replied,  '  No/  I  then  gave  him  an  account  of  our  Lord's 
birth,  His  life,  miracles  and  teachings,  His  sufferings  and  death.  While  describ- 


ing  the  death  of  Christ,  the  chief  pointed  to  his  heart  and  lifted  his  eyes  and 
hands  towards  heaven,  apparently  rilled  with  amazement.  When  I  had  con 
cluded  he  clasped  me  in  his  arms,  kissed  me  and  called  me  father,  and  entreated 
me  to  come  and  live  wilh  him  and  be  the  teacher  of  his  people.  After  assuring 
him  of  my  affection  for  them,  and  the  deep  interest  I  felt  for  their  eternal  wel 
fare,  I  told  him  that  I  could  not  comply  with  his  request,  but  hoped  the  time 
was  not  distant  when  a  Christian  teacher  should  be  sent  to  them.  They  then 
retired  to  their  encampment. 

"  But  the  worst  of  this  strange  night  was  yet  to  come.     There  were  two  traders 
present,  one  of  whom,  the  head  man,  had  become  intoxicated  and  still  wanted 
more  liquor  ;  the  other  refused  to  let  him  have  it.     The  dispute  ran  high,  and  the 
drunken  trader  raised  his  fist  to  strike  the  other,  when  I  stepped  in  between  them 
and  averted  the  blow.     He  then  swore  that  if  he  was  not  allowed  more  whiskey 
he  would  call  the  Indians  and  fall  upon  and  murder  us  all.     He  accordingly  went 
to  the  door,  gave  the  horrible  '  whoop' ;  and  the  Indians  came  rushing  to  the 
house.     Meantime,  those  within  armed  themselves  as  well  as  they  could  with 
sticks  and  clubs,  determined  to  defend  themselves  to  the  utmost.     I  shuddered 
for  the  consequences.     The  enraged  man  than  said,  '  Here  are  my  guards  at  the 
door.     If  you  will  give  me  more  whiskey,  well ;  if  you  will  not,  they  shall  fall 
upon  you,"and  we  will  murder  you  all.'     'Will  you  ?'  the  other  exclaimed,  and 
lifted  his  arm  to  strike  him  down.     I  again  stepped  between  them  and  placing 
my  hand  upon  the  drunken  man's  shoulder  said,  '  Come,  my  Mend,  let  us  go  to 
sleep.     If  you  will  be  my  friend,  I  will  be  yours  !'     He  consented.     We  laid  down 
upon  a  bed,  and  in  a  few  minutes  he  was  asleep.     I  then  arose ;  the  Indians  had 
retired  to  their  camp,  and  at  dawn  of  day  I  started  on  my  way,  persuading  two 
men  to  accompany  me  to  the  creek  and  help  me  over  by  laying  logs  on  the  broken 
bridge.      I  passed  on,  praising  God    for  delivering  me  from  the  perils  of   the 
dismal  night  and  for  enabling  me  to  prevent  the  shedding  of  blood,  as  well  as  for 
the  pleasing  interview  I  had  with  the  Indian  chiefs." 

Samuel  Tnd  Michael  Coate,  Darieus  Dunham,  Sylvanus  Keeler,  James  Coleman, 
Joseph  Sawyer,  Seth  Crawell,  John  Robinson,  S.  Keeler,  T.  Madden  and  Reuben 
Harris  may  have  preached  sermons  here  shortly  before  and  after  the  opening  of 
the  century  ;  but  four  years  after  the  opening  of  the  century  the  records  of  the 
Methodism  of  the  time  stand  out  clear  and  plain. 


"  Let  the  respectable  Methodists  of  Toronto  and  its  neighborhood  remember 
that  eighteen  hundred  and  four  was  the  date  of  their  becoming  a  distinct  pastoral 
chaige  by  themselves,  and  that  William  Anson  was  the  pastor." 

He  was  a  native  of  the  United  States,  but  received  his  first  Canadian  appoint 
ment  to  the  Bay  of  Quinte  Circuit  in  the  year  1300,  when  he  was  received  on 
trial  and  spent  some  two  years  in  Upper  Canada.  His  salary  amounted  to  $80  a 
year.  He  was  one  of  the  most  popular  preachers  of  the  time  and  much  beloved 
by  the  early  settlers.  It  is  said  of  him,  "  He  had  his  full  share  of  hardships,  but 
never  tiinched."  He  had  undoubted  piety,  sterling  integrity  and  respectable 
talents.  He  was  laborious  and  useful  and  his  preaching  was  plain  and  useful. 
He  remained  an  itinerant  for  thirty-two  years  and  increasing  infirmities  com 
pelled  him  to  desist  from  active  labors,  but  he  lived  until  the  year  1848,  when  on 
the  17th  day  of  July  he  was  relieved  of  his  toils  and  sufferings  by  death. 

In  the  year  1805,  the  seat  of  the  New  York  Conference  was  Ashgrove,  in  the 
northernly  part  of  that  State,  not  far  distant  from  Lake  Champlain.  It  was  at 
this  time  a  place  of  interest  and  of  strength  to  Methodism.  Here  had  lived  the 
Hecks  and  Emburys  previous  to  the  war  of  Independence,  and  here  in  the  year 
of  which  we  write  398  preachers  of  the  Gospel  met  in  conference.  This  confer 
ence  exercised  spiritual  control  over  Upper  and  Lower  Canada,  which  at  that 
time  was  covered  by  eight  circuits,  the  third  upon  the  list  being  Yonge  Street 
district,  which  included  a  wide  section  of  the  country  on  either  side  of  Yonge 
Street  from  the  bay  northward  some  thirty  miles.  The  only  place  of  importance 
it  contained  was  Little  York,  which  had  been  founded  only  nine  years  before  by 
Governor  Simcoe.  Although  for  thirteen  years  no  chapel  was  erected,  religious 
services  began  to  be  held  with  frequency  and  regularity.  They  were  held  in 
private  homes,  in  school-houses,  in  the  House  of  Assembly,  in  hotels  and  places 
of  convenience. 

By  this  conference  Rev.  Daniel  Pickett  was  appointed  to  the  Yonge  Street  Cir 
cuit  in  the  first  year  of  its  existence.  He  was  born  in  New  Milford,  in  the  State  of 
Connecticut,  on  the  14th  day  of  July,  1771.  His  parents  were  members  of  the 
Church  of  England,  and  were  much  attached  to  the  side  of  the  motherland  in  the 
war  of  Independence.  When  quite  young,  perhaps  20  years  of  age,  he  wedded 
Miss  Ingersoll,  a  sister  of  Charles  Ingersoll,  who  for  some  years  represented  the 
County  of  Oxford  in  the  Provincial  House  of  Assembly,  and  after  whom  the 


thriving  western  town  was  named.  He  had  been  received  on  trial  by  conference 
some  five  years  before,  in  company  with  the  celebrated  Elder  Ryan,  who  after 
wards  mortgaged  his  own  farm  to  build  the  little  chapel  on  King  Street,  but  of 
his  previous  life  little  now  is  known.  As  a  probationer  he  had  labored  in  saddle 
bag  work  for  a  year  in  the  Bay  of  Quinto,  and  another  year  around  Niagara. 
Then,  having  been  ordained,  he  had  spent  the  year  following  in  charge  of  the 
Niagara  District,  whence  he  came  to  Yonge  Street,  preaching  frequently  in  York. 
Slow  of  speech,  but  sprightly  in  appearance,  middle-sized  and  spare,  with  an 
aquiline  nose  and  lines  of  resolution  on  his  countenance,  he  was  an  acceptable 
preacher,  and  was  remembered  by  old  settlers  thirty  years  afterwards,  who  still  held 
him  in  regard,  but  he  was  not  a  man  of  marked  ability.  Around  Little  York  he 
labored  for  two  years,  at  the  end  of  which  time  we  find  the  entire  District  mem 
bership  to  number  30  members  of  Methodism.  Of  his  subsequent  life  it  is  known 
that  after  spending  some  nine  years  in  the  itinerancy,  some  chree  years  after  his 
ministry  in  Little  York,  he  left  the  Church.  It  is  said  he  was  expelled.  For 
many  years  then  he  preached  on  his  own  responsibility  and  endeavored  to  raise 
a  society  of  his  own  which  were  called  "  Provincial  Methodists."  In  the  year 
1831,  however,  he  returned  to  the  fold  of  his  mother  church,  and  ranked  as  a 
local  preacher. 

He  is  chiefly  remembered,  however,  by  being  one  of  the  originators  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Chuich.  In  1834,  when  the  Canadian  Conference,  which 
then  had  an  episcopal  form  of  chuivh.  government,  and  the  British  Wes- 
leyans  formed  a  union,  Mr.  Pickett,  in  company  with  Rev.  Joseph  Gatchell,  Rev. 
David  Gulp,  J.  W.  Byan,  a  deacon,  and  a  number  of  local  preachers,  who  were 
dissatisfied  with  its  terms,  met  at  Cummer's  Meeting-house,  nine  miles  north 
of  Toronto,  and  formed  themselves  into  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  of 

From  this  small  beginning  they  succeeded  in  building  up  a  connection  exceed 
ing  in  strength  all  their  anticipations.  From  the  old  Episcopal  Methodist  body 
they  drew  heavily,  receiving  as  well,  strange  to  say,  many  accessions  from  the 
Wesleyans.  Their  local  preachers  showed  untiring  industry,  visiting  every  local 
preacher  in  the  country,  and  every  dissatisfied  or  susceptible  class-leader  was 
sought  out  and  their  measures  laid  before  him  for  his  adhesion.  ' 


They  went  into  new  neighborhoods,  held  services  and  raised  up  classes,  and  at 


the  end  of  twelve  months  the  new  movement  had  secured  a  membership  of  1,243, 
and  the  old  Methodist  bodies  had  a  formidable  rival  claimant  to  the  property  of 
the  church. 

He  died  in  1854  at  the  age  of  63. 

In  1807,  Rev.  Andrew  Prindel  succeeded  him  in  charge  of  the  Yonge  Street 
Circuit.  In  the  Prince  Edward  district  on  the  3rd  of  day  of  April,  17^0,  he  had 
first  seen  the  light  of  day,  and  was  perhaps  the  first  male  child  born  in  Upper 
Canada.  In  his  own  words  addressed  to  the  Venerable  Dr.  Carroll,  he  "  received 
his  education  in  Canada,  where  there  were  no  schools  and  no  books."  Soundly 
converted  to  God  at  the  early  age  of  eighteen,  his  powerful  intellect  had  received 
the  impetus  it  needed. 

The  previous  year,  when  26  years  of  age,  he  had  been  received  on  trial  and  he 
had  already  labored  in  the  Niagara  and  Ottawa  districts.  Four  years  subse 
quently,  having  been  ordained  in  the  meantime,  he  a<*ain  returned  and  spent 
another  term  in  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit. 

With  manners  unpolished  and  blunt,  of  extreme  corpulency,  he  was  neverthe 
less  a  clear  and  gifted  preacher  of  apt  originality  of  thought  and  a  sound  ex 
ponent  of  the  gift  of  the  grace  of  God. 

He  afterwards  labored  for  10  years  in  New  York  State,  then  returned  to  the 
Canadian  Conference,  where,  having  been  superannuated  for  awhile,  he  took  up 
the  active  work  in  Ancaster  in  1828,  but  after  a  short  while  he  again  went  into 
retirement.  On  January  15th,  18-36,  he  passed  away  at  the  age  of  75,  and  up  to 
the  time  of  his  last  illness  he  was  occasionally  employed  in  filling  vacancies. 
His  strong  mind  maintained  its  characteristic  vigor  to  the  last,  and  his  last  words 
were  "  All  is  well." 

The  Rev.  Robert  Perry  was  the  next  pastor  to  come.  He  was  of  a  staunch  old 
Methodist  United  Empire  Loyalist  family  in  the  Bay  of  Quinte  country.  There 
were  five  boys  in  the  family.  Peter  was  for  many  years  a  member  of  the  Local 
Legislature,  and  a  Liberal  in  politics  ;  he  was  termed  "  the  political  bull-dog  "  by 
his  opponents,  who  recognized  in  the  somewhat  opprobrious  epithet  the  stern 
resolution  of  will  and  tenacity  of  purpose  for  which  he  was  distinguished. 
Ebenezer  also  was  a  member  of  the  same  parliament ;  Daniel  and  David  were 
local  preachers,  while  Robert  was  received  on  trial  for  the  itinerant  ministry  in 
1805,  and  after  spending  a  year  around  the  Ottawa — in  that  land  of  primeval 
forest — and  another  year  around  Niagara,  he  came  to  Little  York. 


He  had  married  when  only  18  years  of  age,  but  his  wife  had  died  before  he 
went  into  the  itinerancy.     Compact  and  heavy,  with  wiry  muscles  and  a  strong 
physique,  he  was  especially  suited  for  the  arduous  work,  which,  in  those  days, 
to  the  early  preachers  meant  miles  and  miles  of  travel  on  horseback  and  afoot ; 
sometimes  through  the  woods  following  the  Indian  trail  and  sometimes  having 
only  the  barked  trees  to  guide  them  on  their  way,  sometimes  compelled  to  swim 
the  streams,  frequently  sleeping  in  the  wilds  of  the  primeval  forest  with  only  the 
bending  branches  of  the  trees  their  covering  and  the  great  stretching  archway  of 
the  skies  their  canopy,  thus  the  early  missionaries  pursued  their  toil ;  and  now 
in  every  miniature  church  spire,  and  in  every  tiny  chapel  in  little  country  ham 
lets,  and  in  the  great  Cathedrals  that  raise  their  ma-ssive  walls  in  mighty  cities, 
we  see  the  ripening  of  the  fruits  which  under  the  blessing  of  God  attended  the 
labors  of  these  heroic  men.     Daring  the  year  of  his  ministry  on  Yonge  Street 
Circuit  the  membership  was  forty-ti ve  and  remained  stationary  during  his  time. 
For  three  years  afterwards  he  preached,  then  he  married  and  located.     In  1816, 
however,   he   and   his    brother  Dmiel  left  the  mother  church  and  j  >ined  the 
Reformed  Methodist  Secession  movement,  which  had  been  originated  by  Pliny 
Brett  in  the  State  of  Massachusetts. 

This  movement,  now  long  since  extinct,  made  some  headway  in  its  time.  They 
regarded  the  matter  of  dress  important  and  carried  their  ideas  somewhat  to  the 
extreme,  and  they  believed  sufficiency  of  faith  would  reproduce  the  miracles  of 
early  Cnristianity ;  but  nowhere  is  there  a  record  of  any  cases  in  which  they 
proved  it  tso. 

They  worshipped  in  the  chapel  on  the  fourth  concession  of  Ernestown,  where 
the  whole  congregation  embraced  their  views  for  many  years,  but  it  finally 
reverted  to  the  old  connection  in  1837.  Here  Robert  Perry  died  and  his  brother 
Daniel  also  passed  away.  Their  descendants  are  now  staunch  members  of 

As  a  preacher  he  was  plain  and  homely,  but  intensely  fervent,  and  his  sermons 
were  accompanied  with  the  power  of  the  H  >ly  Ghost.  He  was  bluff  in  appear 
ance  and  bluff  in  manner,  and  remarkably  frank  and  childlike  in  his  faith  and 


Then  came  Rev.  John  Reynolds,  in  the  year  1809.  The  previous  year  he  had 
assisted  Mr.  Pickett  on  the  Augusta  Circuit,  which  was  his  first  charge.  During 


his  year  in  Little  York  the  membership  of  the  circuit  increased  from  45  to  102, 
no  small  increase. 

He  was  born  in  the  County  of  Oxford,  and  had  received  a  superior  education 
for  the  country  and  the  times.  He  was  trim,  sprightly,  sharp-featured  and 
dark-complexioned.  A  singular  quaver  in  his  voice  not  only  added  a  singular 
charm  to  the  sweetness  of  his  singing,  but  increased  the  effect  of  his  preaching. 
Beginning  his  sermon  in  a  slow  and  undecided  manner,  when  he  had  once 

O  O 

warmed  to  his  theme  he  became  animated  and  convincing,  and  sentences  of  elo 
quent  declamation  would  fall  from  his  lips. 

In  1810  he  was  ordained  a  deacon  and  received  into  full  connection  at  the 
Genesee  Conference.  He  preached  at  Smith's  Creek,  Augusta,  and  in  the  Bay  of 
Quinte  district,  where  he  discontinued  his  duties  during  the  time  of  the  war, 
and  settled  in  Sidney,  where  he  wedded  the  daughter  of  Caleb  Gilbert.  Then  for 
a  while  he  traded  with  the  Indians,  purchasing  their  furs.  In  Belleville  he  soon 
afterwards  opened  out  a  store,  and  prospered  so  well  that  in  after  years  he 
amassed  considerable  wealth.  Here  his  services  were  in  much  demand,  and  he 
preached  in  particular  a  great  many  funeral  sermons,  and  acted  sometimes  as 
Recording  Steward  of  the  Circuit,  until  1834,  when  he  became  the  leader  of  the 
largest  disruption  from  the  original  and  central  Methodist  body  that  ever  occur 
red  in  the  Province  of  Ontario,  which  resulted  in  the  establishment  of  the  Meth 
odist  Episcopal  Church,  of  which  body  he  became  the  first  Bishop.  He  died 
about  the  year  1855. 

Rev.  Joseph  Lockwood  next  came,  a  new  laborer  on  Canadian  soil,  after  hav 
ing  travelled  as  an  itinerant  preacher  for  two  years  on  Long  Island  and  the  main 
land.  He  was  a  man  of  refinement,  of  superior  education,  and  a  good,  argumen 
tative  preacher.  Here  he  labored  for  a  year,  and  under  his  ministry  the  mem 
bership  increased  slightly  ;  but  at  the  close  of  his  term  he  ceased  to  preach  and 
became  a  schoolmaster,  for  which  occupation  his  excellent  education  pre-eminent 
ly  fitted  him.  He  taught  school  in  many  places,  and  lived  to  a  hale  old  age. 
At  the  time  of  the  Episcopal  Disruption  in  1834  he  sided  with  the  dissentient 
brethren  ;  but  after  a  few  yeans  he  returned  again  to  the  Wesleyan  Church.  He 
wedded  Miss  Detlor,  an  estimable  lady  of  the  old  Palatine  stock,  and  his  daughter 
married  Rev.  Wm.  Culeman,  an  itinerant  Wesleyan  minister. 

After  him  Rev.    Andrew  Prindel  followed   in    1811.     More   corpulent  than 


when,  four  years  before,  he  had  exercised  his  care  in  their  spiritual  interests, 
but  just  as  clear  a  preacher,  and  quite  as  original  as  before.  The  membership 
this  term,  however,  instead  of  increasing  as  it  had  done  before,  went  slightly 

Rev.  Joseph  Gatchell,  dramatic,  impassioned,  fanciful  and  poetic,  now  re 
ceived  the  appointment.  He  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  and  was  a  native  of 
the  land  with  whom  complications  of  a  serious  nature  were  arising.  A  very  dis 
similar  man  from  his  predecessor,  the  gigantic  Andrew  Prindel.  He  was  under 
the  middling  size, slightly  made,  small  of  stature,  slight  of  build,  thin-faced  and 
sharp-featured,  with  stooping  shoulders.  His  physiqne  was  so  delicate  as  to  al 
most  unfit  him  for  the  toils  of  the  itinerancy  of  that  day.  Although  educated 
better  than  some  of  the  preachers  of  the  time,  he,  nevertheless,  was  more  of  a 
declaimer  than  an  expositor.  His  teeth  were  irregular,  his  voice  was  cracked, 
and  thin  ;  nevertheless,  his  impassioned,  earnest  manner,  his  histrionic  talents, 
and  his  declamatory  sentences  rescued  him  from  the  commonplace  and  made  him 
an  effective  preacher. 

He  had  been  received  on  trial  some  three  years  before  in  the  Philadelphia 
Conference,  and  he  had  labored  the  following  years  in  Quebec  and  in  Ontario, 
and  while  in  the  Niagara  district  he  married  a  sister  of  the  great  Nathan 
Bangs.  She,  too,  was  a  preacher  of  great  ability,  and  frequently  supplemented 
her  husband  in  the  pulpit;  and,  indeed,  thi  change  was  welcomed  by  the  con 
gregations,  who  were  more  partial  to  her  impassioned  exhortations  than  to  her 
husband's  boisterous  oratory.  His  ministry  in  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit  was  the 
last  before  the  war  of  1812,  which  then  broke  out.  The  membership  numbered 
ninety-five.  From  here  he  removed  to  Smith's  Creek,  preaching  in  the  County 
of  Haldimand.  Probably  feeling  the  delicacy  of  his  position,  as  he  was  an  alien 
born,  he  desisted  from  the  ministry  in  the  troublous  times,  and  settled  down  on 
a  small  farm,  which  he  purchased  at  Thirty,  on  the  Dundas  road.  After  some 
ten  years,  however,  he  again  entered  the  itinerancy  on  the  Ancaster  Circuit,  and 
after  seven  years'  labor  he  was  superannuated  in  1881.  At  the  time  of  the  Union 
of  1834  he  sided  with  the  Dissenters  and  became  a  Presiding  Elder  in  the  new 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  and,  having  spent  many  years  in  its  service,  died  in 
the  Lord  about  I860. 

In  the  years   1813  and   1814  war  raged  with  the  nation  to  the  south.     The 


preaching  of  the  gospel  in  Canada  declined,  and  no  pastor  occupied  the  Yonge 
Street  Circuit  during  that  time. 

In  the  following  year,  however,  Rev.  John  Rhodes  received  the  appointment. 
That  the  people  were  anxious  to  hear  preached  the  Word  of  Life,  and  that  they 
welcomed  him  with  gladness  of  heart,  is  proven  by  the  fact  that  the  list  of  mem 
bership,  which  now  numbered  103,  was  the  largest  yet  enrolled  in  the  Circuit. 

Of  his  previous  history  we  know  that  he  was  born  in  Northampton  County,  in  the 
State  of  Pennsylvania  on  the  17th  of  September,  1783.  His  ancestry  were  as^o- 
ciates  of  the  immortal  William  Penn,  arid  belonged  to  the  S  -ciety  of  Friends. 
In  the  year  1803  he  left  his  home,  removing  to  Carlisle.  Here  some  two  vears 
afterwards,  in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  he  bowed  at  the  foot  of  the  Cross, 
accepting  eternal  life.  He  received  a  divine  call  to  preach  the  gospel,  but  Jong 
held  back,  debating  with  himself.  Yielding  finally,  he  was  admitted  on  proba 
tion  in  the  conference  held  in  Georgetown,  D.C.,  in  March  of  180S.  For  awhile, 
as  he  was  of  Quaker  descent,  he  was  sent  to  the  Quaker  State  to  preach,  but 
in  1811  he  came  to  Canada,  where  his  first  charge  was  on  the  Augusta  Circuit. 
He  was  tall  and  slender  in  appearance,  slow  of  speech,  a  man  of  deep  spiritual 
ity  and  genuine  consecration  to  God  ;  he  lived  in  the  "prayer  lands  "  alway.  He 
was  much  beloved  on  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit.  Faithful  and  conscientious  in 
all  his  ways,  the  beauty  of  his  life  and  character,  as  well  as  his  gentle  and  win 
ning  preaching,  fanned  into  a  flame  the  smouldering  embers  of  Methodism  in 
Little  York  and  the  surrounding  districts,  which  in  the  providence  of  God  never 
shall  go  out.  After  some  four  years'  labor  in  Canada  he  returned  to  his  native 
land,  travelling  Virginia,  Maryland  and  Pennsylvania,  says  his  biographer,  "  bold 
ly  and  conscientiously  executing  the  office  of  his  ministry.  In  18*1,  worn  out 
with  incessant  labor  and  greatly  enfeebled,  he  took  a  superannuated  relation, 
and  retired  to  a  small  property  in  Milton,  Pa.,  to  spend  the  remainder  of  his  days 
in  the  peace  and  quietness  of  retired  life.  The  disease  which  terminated  his 
earthly  history,  and  which  seriously  affected  his  mind,  was  chronic  inflammation 
of  the  brain.  A  short  time  before  his  death  he  became  perfectly  rational.  He 
still  felt  the  consolations  of  religion,  and  died  in  the  triumphant  hope  of  a  glori 
ous  immortality,  January  13,  1843,  in  the  sixtieth  year  of  his  age,  and  the  thirty- 
fifth  of  his  ministry." 

In  the  following  year  Rev.  Isaac  B.  Smith   succeeded.     A  strong,  courageous 


man,  of  resolute  will  and  stern  determination.  Shortly  after  his  ordination,  he 
performed  the  ceremony  of  matrimony  within  the  Province  boundaries.  For 
this  offence,  for  so  it  was  regarded  by  the  dominance  of  a  State-aided  church, 
the  timid  Sawyer  had  fled  the  country,  and  Elder  Ryan  had  been  banished  for  a 
time,  but  Smith  bravely  stood  his  ground,  searched  the  law,  acted  on  his  own  be 
half,  pleaded  his  own  case,  and  despite  the  antagonism  of  a  prejudiced  judge  and 
the  legal  acumen  of  the  prosecuting  attorney,  he  was  acquitted. 

As  far  back  as  1807  he  had  travelled  the  Oswegotchie  Circuit,  had  retired  from 
the  ministry  during  the  war,  for  he  too  was  of  American  birth,  and  had  resided 
near  Niagara.  He  had  returned  to  the  itinerancy  the  previous  year.  In  person 
he  was  strong  and  compact,  with  a  powerful  but  a  harsh  voice.  His  preaching, 
while  argumentative  and  logical,  possessed  none  of  the  winning  attributes  of  his 
gentle  predecessor  on  the  Circuit.  He  preached  for  twelve  years  afterwards,  then 
in  1829  he  withdrew  from  the  Canadian  Conference  and  endeavored  to  found  a 
rival  society,  being  mainly  influenced  by  Elder  Ryan,  to  whose  daughter  he  was 
married.  He  soon  wearied,  however,  of  the  new  undertaking,  and  retired  to  the 
United  States,  where  he  again  entered  the  mother  church  and  preached  in  differ 
ent  Circuits  and  Stations.  In  Chicago,  the  second  sabbath  before  he  died,  he 
preached  a  sermon  from  the  thiid  Psalm,  and  the  eighth  verse,  "  Salvation  be- 
longeth  unto  the  Lord  ;  thy  blessing  is  upon  thy  people."  Four  of  his  children 
became  itinerant  preachers— Rev.  Henry  Ryan  Smith,  Rev.  Dr.  Griffin  Smith  and 
Rev.  Sumner  C.  Smith.  His  preaching  could  not  be  styled  evangelical.  His  was 
a  style  of  earnest  oratory  that  strengthened  the  Christian  character  of  his  hearers 
more  than  it  reached  new  hearts  or  won  new  adherents. 


The  First  Church. 

Rev.  David  Gulp  succeeded  to  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit  in  the  year  1817. 
Sometimes  in  York  he  preached  in  the  House  of  Assembly  and  sometimes  in  the 
home  of  Dr.  Stoyles,  in  Rev.  Thomas  Stoyles'  house,  and  in  the  residence  of  the 
Dettars.  The  village  was  growing  rapidly  and  in  many  places  the  log  cabins 
were  being  superseded  by  the  more  pretentious  clap  boarded,  frame  dwellinw- 
houses.  At  this  time  King  Street  knew  not  the  dignity  of  a  sidewalk,  and  on 
every  side,  the  little  town  of  eleven  hundred  inhabitants  was  surrounded  by  the 
primeval  forest,  wherein  was  heard  in  summer  and  in  winter-time  the  ringing 
of  the  axes  of  the  invading  pioneers.  In  1818  the  first  Methodist  church  was 
erected.  Through  the  untiring  efforts  of  Elder  Ryan,  who  mortgaged  his  own 
farm  to  raise  the  money  for  the  outlay,  the  little  chapel  was  built.  The  land 
was  secured  from  Jordan  Post,  whose  name  still  lives  in  Jordan  Street,  so  called 
after  him,  who  resided  on  the  southeast  corner  of  Bay  and  King  Streets,  and  con 
ducted  a  jewelry  store  in  a  log  house  on  the  corner  of  Yonge  and  King  Streets, 
where  the  present  Dominion  Bank  uplifts  its  marble  walls.  The  chapel  stood  a 
little  back  from  King  Street  where  now  the  Bank  of  Commerce  stands,  on  the  cor 
ner  of  Jordan  Street,  which,  however,  was  not  then  opened  up.  In  size  it  meas 
ured  about  thirty  feet  by  forty.  The  frame  was  made  and  erected  by  Mr.  Fetch,  a 
Methodist,  who  lived  in  the  country  easterly  from  the  town.  Mr.  Hemphill,  of 
Trafalgar,  who  was  then  somewhat  famous  locally  as  a  demonstrative  member  of 
the  sect,  did  the  joiner  work.  Joseph  Carroll,  an  old  soldier,  who  lived  on  Duke 
Street,  the  father  of  Rev.  John  Carroll,  D.D.,  who  afterwards  within  its  walls 
accepted  eternal  life,  and  who  has  written  invaluable  character-sketches  of 
the  preachers  of  that  early  time,  lent  them  the  log  chains  with  which  they  drew 
the  timbers  up. 

It  was  a  clap-boarded,  pointed-roof  building  resting  upon  posts — a  makeshift 
substitute  for  a  good  foundation.  For  many  3Tears  it  was  a  stranger  to  paint, 
and  underneath  the  place  on  stormy  days  the  winds  howled  and  whistled. 

No  fence  surrounded  it,  but  on  every  side  an  orchard  grew  extending  back  as 


40  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

far  as  where  Wellington  Street  is  now,  while,  farther  to  the  south,  trees  and 
shrubs  and  long  dank  grass  and  noisome  weeds  covered  the  land  sloping  to  the 
bay;  double  doorways,  facing  towards  King  Street,  afforded  two  entrances;  in 
the  gable  above  a  small  round  window  was  inserted,  while  down  each  side  three 
more  windows  admitted  light  into  the  place.  A  narrow  passage  down  the  centre 
of  the  church  led  to  a  high,  square  and  box-like  pulpit  with  sounding-board.  On 
either  side  rude  benches  extended  to  the  walls. 

The  men  sat  on  the  benches  to  the  right  and  the  women  on  the  left.  This 
strange  old  eastern  custom  was  followed  here  throughout  the  entire  existence  of 
the  chapel,  but  went  out  of  custom  when  the  little  church  was  sold. 

Before  it  was  yet  completed  and  while  the  workmen's  tools  were  resting 
against  its  sides  it  was  opened  for  divine  service.  It  was  on  the  fifth  day  of 
November,  eighteen  hundred  and  eighteen,  that  the  first  service  was  held. 
The  opening  morning  sermon  was  preached  by  Rev.  David  Gulp,  and  as  the  first 
preacher  in  the  first  Methodist  church  in  the  city  of  Toronto  he  enjoys  a  rare 
distinction  in  local  history.  Before  him  seated  on  the  wooden  benches  was  the 
gentle  Thaddeus  Osgoode,  much  beloved  among  the  young,  and  his  moistening 
eyes  and  gentle  face  were  beaming  with  a  light  divine.  For  many  years  had  he 
been  praying  for  a  Sunday-school,  and  now  he  sees  his  beneficent  ambition 
realized.  There  sat  Jesse  Ketchum,  the  generous-hearted  philanthropist,  whose 
donations  to  charitable  purposes  were  the  wonder  of  two  cities.  There,  too,  was 
W.  P.  Patrick,  Clerk  in  the  Local  House,  a  man  of  intellect  and  influence,  who 
hung  upon  the  preacher's  words  with  a  strange  interest  he  could  not  understand, 
but  the  spell  was  the  spell  of  the  Master's  spirit,  which  was  not  to  call  in  vain. 
Here  was  Dr.  Thomas  Stoyle,  a  devoted  Christian  ;  the  Deltar  family,  in  whose 
home  many  an  itinerant  preacher  had  broken  the  Bread  of  Life ;  Thomas  Morrison, 
then  but  a  clerk  in  Government  employ,  but  afterwards  a  physician  with  a  wide 
practice  and  held  in  much  regard ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Doel,  lately  arrived  from  Phila 
delphia,  and  whose  son  John,  now  a  venerable  supernumerary,  was  a  baby  resting 
in  his  father's  stalwart  arms;  "Father"  Stark,  as  in  that  early  time  he  was 
affectionately  termed.  He  owned  a  sawmill  on  the  Blue  Hill  creek,  east  of 
where  Yorkville  now  stands,  which  was  somewhat  difficult  to  find  save  to  those 
familiar  with  the  pathways  in  the  woods.  The  entire  distance  he  had  tramped 
to  enjoy  the  services. 


This  was  no  dim  cathedral,  with  multi-colored  windows  and  frescoed  walls 
whereon  was  painted  with  master  hand  the  passion  and  humiliation  of  the  Lowly 
One,  what  time — now  many  a  long  year  ago — He  stooped  from  realms  divine  to 
save  a  sin-stained  world.  Instead  were  plainest  boards  and  barn-like  rafters. 
No  mellow  notes  and  vibrant  tones — so  sweet  as  almost  to  become  a  pain — from 
some  melodious  organ  instrument  charmed  the  ears  of  worshippers  devout ;  never 
theless  they  worshipped  God  in  earnest,  hearty  manner,  and  in  that  early  day  an 
hundred  voices  sang  with  one  accord  : 

"Fear  not,  I  am  with  thee,  Oh,  be  not  dismayed; 
For  I  am  thy  God,  I  will  still  give  thee  aid." 

Many  were  from  lands  beyond  the  seas ;  some  had  fled  from  a  rebellious  coun 
try,  to  start  life  anew  in  the  wild  land  where  still  above  was  flung  the  good  old 
Union  Jack.  With  prayer  and  praise  the  little  congregation  offered  up  their 
simple,  earnest,  heart  devotions  to  Almighty  God,  who  in  the  wilds  of  a  new  con 
tinent  had  flung  around  them  the  omnipotent  arms  of  His  protection.  He  had 
shielded  them  from  the  wild  beasts  of  the  forest  and  from  the  tomahawks  of 
their  still  more  dangerous  inhabitants — the  savage  red  men.  He  had  cared 
for  them,  for  no  famine  had  devoured  them.  Through  the  cruel  war  He  had  led 
them  safely,  for  the  invading  host  had  all  departed.  His  love  had  been  revealed 
to  them  in  many  ways;  therefore  they  loved  Him  utterly  in  return,  and  poured 
their  gratitude  and  thankfulness  before  His  Throne  of  love. 

There  is  now  no  record  to  tell  the  text  from  which  David  Gulp  preached.  David 
Gulp  himself  was  born  in  Beamsville,  where  he  had  resided  until  well  up  in 
years.  In  the  little  church  at  the  Twenties  he  had  sought  the  gift  eternal,  and 
found  it.  After  his  conversion  he  for  some  years  attended  the  class  led  by  the 
venerable  John  Beam,  a  saintly  Christian  man  of  considerable  wealth,  which  he 
used  with  great  liberality,  and  who  at  his  death  willed  his  property  to  the  mis 
sionary  society  of  the  Wesleyan  Methodist  Church.  He  became  a  local  preacher 
of  power  and  unction,  and  continued  so  for  several  years.  Tradition  says  that 
he  travelled  on  probation  for  a  while  before  the  war,  and  that  in  1812  he  had 
preached  a  sermon  in  Little  York,  but  of  this  there  is  no  certainty. 

During  the  war,  however,  it  is  known  that  he  travelled  on  the  itinerancy  in  the 
Long  Point  Circuit,  and  in  1815  he  was  ordained  a  deacon,  and  labored  in  the 

42  THE    HISTORY    OF    THE 

Bay  of  Quinte  country,  whence  he  came  to  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit.    Possessing 
good  natural  abilities,  and  being  of  a  somewhat  studious  disposition,  he  acquired  a 
fair  education.     As  a  preacher  he  was  not  devoid  of  power.     He  had  a  fine  pres 
ence,  a  magnificent  physique,  and  a  sweet  and  musical  voice  ;  but  he  was  self- 
possessed  and  self-reliant,  somewhat  too  deliberate,  a  little  inflated  in  diction  and 
pompous   in   manner.     He   had  a  peculiar  habit,  like  the  Rev.  W.   F.   Wilson, 
of  twisting  his  mouth  a  little  awry  as  he  spoke.     He  was  a  powerful  man  in 
prayer  and  camp-meetings,  his  gift  of  song  aiding  him  much.    Sometimes  he  would 
sing  a  solo  immediately  before  beginning  a  sermon,  and  sometimes  his  peroration 
was  a  hymn.     He  was  a  versifier  and  sang  his  own  productions,  and  though  the 
rhyming  oft-times  was  at  fault  the  sentiments  expressed  were  generally  eloquent 
and  touching.     Three  years  afterwards  he   was  superannuated,  probably  at  his 
own  request*   That  he  returned  to  the  itinerancy  is  proven  by  the  fact  that  in 
1823  he  had  charge  of  the  Long  Point  Circuit.     Then,  two  years  afterwards,  he 
asked  and  received  a  location  and   settled  upon  his  farm  in  the  township  of  Tra 
falgar,  and  became  very  useful  in  a  local  sphere.     He  remained  true  to  the  Con 
ference  in  the  troubles  which  arose  after,  through  the  discontent  of  Messrs.  Ryan 
and  Jackson  ;  but  his  sympathies  with  the  claims  of  the  local  preachers  and  his 
suspicions  of  Englishmen-for  he  was  of  Dutch  descent-caused  him  to  go  out 
from  under  its  jurisdiction  in  the  Episcopalian  disruption,  consequent  upon  the 
union  with  the  British  Conference,  in  1833.     He  became  one  of  their  Presiding 
Elders,  attended  the   celebrated   meeting  in  Cummer's  chapel  on  Yonge  Street 
upon  their  organizing  a  Conference  in  1834,  which  office  he  continued  to  hold 
until  1842,  when  he  became  a  superannuate  and  lived  to  a  hale  old  age. 

The  Rev.  James  Jackson  conducted  the  services  in  the  evening,  and  under  that 
sermon  W  P.  Patrick  found  the  peace  that  passeth  understanding.  It  is  surmised 
that  Mr.  Jackson  was  born  in  the  State  of  New  York.  Soon  after  the  war  the 
family  removed  to  the  Canadian  side  of  the  St.  Lawrence,  and  settled  at  Edward; 
burg.  He  was  a  remarkable  man,  and  a  fit  subject  for  the  pen  of  a  novelist, 
though  as  a  preacher  of  the  <'  unsearchable  riches  of  Christ"  we  must  take  excep 
tion  to  him.  Two  years  previous  to  the  time  we  write  of  he  had  been  received 
on  trial  by  conference,  and  in  the  following  year  at  Genessee  he  was  received 
into  full  connection  and  ordained  a  deacon.  Of  superior  talents,  "  what  he  did 
not  know  he  appeared  to  know."  Tall  and  handsome,  with  dark  hair  and  florid 


complexion;  graceful,  with  an  air  of  assumed  dignity;  but  never  lookino-  the 
person  addressed  squarely  in  the  face. 

In  after  years  he  wore  spectacles,  and  looked  through  them  at  vacancy,  while 
he  carried  his  face  with  an  upward  turn.  He  always  dressed  gracefully  and  with 
clerical  propriety,  which  made  his  appearance  very  imposing.  His  voice,  both 
in  public  and  private,  was  sweet  and  commanding  to  a  degree.  He  had  a  great 
deal  of  tact  in  handling  a  text,  and  frequently  preached  on  very  unusual  ones, 
the  doctrinal  value  of  which  the  thoroughly  informed  would  be  very  much  in 
clined  to  doubt.  Here  is  one  of  his  texts,  the  exposition  of  which  obtained  him 
unbounded  6dat  among  the  wondering  rustics  to  whom  he  addressed  the  sermon  : 
"  There  are  three  score  queens  and  four  score  concubines,  and  virgins  without 
number."  (Cant,  vi.,  8). 

In  1822,  at  Genesee,  when  Conference  assembled,  there  was  a  motion  made  for 
his  expulsion,  which  was  modified  to  a  suspension  of  his  Presbyterial  ordination, 
and  he  was  publicly  reproved  by  the  presiding  Bishop.  In  1824,  after  seven 
years'  probation,  he  was  ordained  an  Elder.  Three  years  afterwards  he  was 
superannuated,  and  for  two  years  more  he  rendered  considerable  assistance  as  a 
missionary  school-teacher.  He  sided  with  Mr.  Ryan  when  he  broke  loose  from 
the  Mother  Church,  and  the  two  almost  decimated  the  original  society  in  Cobourg. 
On  the  Thames,  where  he  exerted  a  wide  influence,  he  drew  large  numbers  after 
him  who  were  for  many  years  called  "  Jacksonites." 

At  the  first  Conference  of  the  Independent  Methodist  Church  of  Upper  Can 
ada,  which  was  held  at  Bowman's  Meeting  House  in  the  township  of  Ancaster, 
he  was  expelled  for  having  raised  the  standard  of  revolt. 

In  1849,  "  The  Canadian  Wesleyan  Methodist  Church,"  founded  by  himself  and 
Mr.  Ryan,  which  had  been  gradually  losing  ground,  formed  a  union  with  the 
British  New  Connection  body  and  were  thus  placed  upon  a  much  more  respect 
able  footing. 

The  illumination  of  the  church  for  the  evening  service  was  provided  by  a 
liberal  supply  of  tallow  candles.  Eight  old-fashioned  sconces— one  at  each  side 
of  the  pulpit,  and  three  more  down  each  side  of  the  building— contained  them, 
and  a  short  intermission  was  always  a  necessity  at  each  service,  while  the  flicker 
ing  lights  were  snuffed. 

W.  P.  Patrick  became  a  pillar  of  strength  in  the  little  King  Street   church, 


where  he  worshipped  for  many  years,  and  where  he  was  appointed  leader  of  the 
first  class  formed.  He  was  of  good  old  English  lineage,  and  first  saw  the  light  of 
day  in  the  county  of  Suffolk,  England,  in  1789.  He  was  a  near  relative  of  Patrick, 
the  Earl  of  March— he  bore  the  family  name  though  not  the  title— and  Poyntz, 
the  Earl  of  Spencer. 

When  fourteen  years  of  age  he  came  to  Canada  in  company  with  his  uncle. 
During  the  American  war  of  1812  he  was  an  officer  in  the  commissariat  depart 
ment,  and  the  energetic  and  efficient  manner  in  which  he  fulfilled  the  arduous 
duties  of  his  position  brought  him  favorably  before  the  notice  of  the  Government. 
At  the  close  of  the  war  he  received  the  appointment  as  superintendent  of  the 
stationery  department  in  the  House  of  Assembly,  at  a  salary  of  £500  a  year- 
no  mean  income  in  those  times— which  he  occupied  for  a  period  of  nearly  half 
a  century,  up   to  the  time  of  his  death.     He  was  offered  the  clerkship  of  the 
House  ot  Assembly,  but  declined  the  office  on  account  of  the  night  work  it  en 
tailed,  which  his  constitution  could  not  stand.     He  was  a  Methodist  for  many 
years,  and  subscribed  freely  to  the  building  of  the  Adelaide  Street  church,  and 
it  is  thought  that  his  first  dissatisfaction  arose  when  the  main  audience  room  was 
rented  out  in  pews— a  feature  of  church  government  to  which  he  was  sternly 


He  left  the  Methodist  Church,  afterwards  attending  the  English  Church  for  a 
time,  but  he  finally  embraced  the  Irvingite  doctrine,  and  he  gave  the  land  on 
which  their  little  rough-cast  edifice  was  erected,  back  of  where  the  Mail  building 
now   stands,  and  which  has  since  been  supplanted  by  their  fine  brick  church  at 
the  corner  of  Victoria  and  Gould  Streets.     Kev.  George  Ryerson  left  Methodism  at 
the  same  time  and  became  the  first  Angel,  i.  e.,  pastor  of  the  new  faith.     In  this 
faith  Mr.  Patrick  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life,  and  died,  respected  and  beloved 
by  all,  in  1865,  in  the  City  of  Kingston,  where  his  mortal  remains  rest.     He  was 
in  person  a  very  pleasing  man,  of  a  kindly  and  benevolent  nature.     His  picture, 
taken  many  years  ago,  shows  him   to  have  been  of  a  comfortable  height  and 
slightly  inclined  to  be  portly.     When  quite  young  he  married  Elizabeth  Gilbert, 
a  Vermont  girl,  of  prepossessing  appearance  and  gentle  manners.     She,  too,  was 
in  her  early  years,  being  only  sixteen  when  she  married.     They  lived  in  a  large 
yellow  house  on  the  west  side  of  Bay  Street,  a  little  north  of  King,  where  they 
were  known  far  and  wide,  in  the  early  times,  as  a  family  of  unbounded  hospitality 


and  practical  piety.  Theirs  was  a  large  family,  six  sons  and  six  daughters.  The 
girls  were  all  beautiful,  but  of  the  entire  family  there  are  only  two  now  living — 
Louisa,  who  married  Mr.  West,  a  commissariat  officer,  who  died  some  twenty 
years  ago ;  and  Emily,  the  youngest  of  the  family,  who  is  now  sixty-three  years 
of  age,  a  tall,  finely  preserved  woman,  of  stately  bearing  and  classic  Greek 
countenance,  widow  of  the  late  Rev.  Dr.  Davis,  who  for  nineteen  years  taught 
in  the  Normal  School,  and  who  for  a  long  time  before  his  death  was  head-master 
there.  Alfred,  a  member  of  the  family,  but  now  deceased,  was  for  many  years  a 
clerk  of  the  House  of  Commons. 

Slowly  but  surely  the  cause  prospered.  God's  blessing  rested  upon  it.  Among 
the  new  members  added  in  the  early  time  we  find  a  Mr.  McGuire  and  a  Mr1.  Pil- 
key.  The  latter  lived  in  Scarboro,  and  had  at  one  time  been  a  Roman  Catholic. 

In  November  of  that  year  the  first  Sunday-school  was  formed  through  the 
efforts  of  the  indefatigable  Thaddeus  Osgood,  and  Mr.  Patrick  became  its  super 
intendent.  Mr.  Jesse  Ketchum,  who  was  a  pew-holder  in  St.  James'  Church,  was 
appointed  secretary,  and  Dr.  Morrison  librarian,  but  we  fancy  the  extent  of  the 
latter's  responsibilities  must  have  been  but  small.  Mr.  Carfrae  took  charge  of  a 
class  which  he  taught  for  seven  years,  and  then  was  appointed  superintendent  of 
the  school.  The  means  of  procuring  a  library  book  by  a  scholar  was  somewhat 
more  difficult  than  now,  and  when  procured  it  was  earned.  When  six  verses 
were  memorized  the  scholar  received  a  white  ticket,  ten  of  which  white  tickets 
he  could  exchange  for  a  blue  one,  which  would  entitle  him  to  a  library  book  for 
a  week. 

A  preacher  who  in  the  early  years  frequently  occupied  the  pulpit  of  the  little 
church,  although  he  never  received  the  appointment  from  Conference,  was  Rev. 
David  Yeornans.  Child-like  in  his  faith  and  trust,  without  an  erudite  educa 
tion,  he  was  a  fervent  preacher,  an  original  thinker,  and  a  mighty  power  iu 
prayer,  possessing,  like  David  Gulp,  a  sweet  voice  of  rare  compass.  Plain  and 
old-fashioned  in  dress  and  manners,  the  exuberance  of  his  kindly  nature,  and  his 
great,  warm,  generous  heart,  combined  to  prevent  all  severity  in  his  sermons, 
which  was  exceptional  in  that  day,  when  the  fate  of  the  wicked  and  their  after 
punishment  was  pictured  in  vivid  colors.  Much  beloved  he  was,  children  hung 
around  him  everywhere  he  went,  and  a  universal  smile  of  gladness  would  lighten 
the  faces  of  the  congregation  when  he,  with  wool  hat  in  hand,  and  dressed  in  his 


suit  of  "Quaker  snuff,"  would  walk  down  the  aisle  and  kneel  in  prayer,  resting 
his  face  upon  his  hands  and  his  arms  upon  the  pulpit.  He  was  an  inveterate 
smoker,  and  as  soon  as  the  service  was  over  he  would  light  his  pipe,  taking  his 
station  by  the  door,  and  puffing  away  would  shake  hands  and  bid  good-bye,  and 
make  personal  enquiries  of  every  member  of  his  congregation.  Such  was  the  sim 
plicity  of  those  early  times. 

He  was  of  Dutch  descent,  but  was  born  in  Canada,  probably  in  Prince 
Edward  county.  He  had  been  a  blacksmith  in  his  early  manhood,  and  exercised 
his  humble  calling  a  mile  or  so  above  where  the  city  of  Belleville  now  stands. 
In  1815,  after  he  had  been  a  local  preacher  of  acknowledged  power  for  many  years, 
he  was  empowered  to  administer  the  sacraments  and  received  into  full  connec 
tion.  The  year  before  he  had  spent  on  the  Niagara  Circuit.  After  many  years 
of  labor  in  the  ministry,  until  he  was  infirm  and  old,  he  died  peacefully  at  his 
home  in  Markham  on  February  14,  1856. 

Having  preached  here  until  the  end  of  the  year  1818,  David  Gulp  was  super 
annuated  for  awhile,  and  the  next  pastor  to  take  charge  of  York  was  Rev. 
Samuel  Belton. 

He  was  born  in  Ireland  in  1790,  and  had  come  to  America  with  his  parents 
when  but  a  child.  In  the  village  of  Rome,  in  the  State  of  New  York,  he 
had  <dven  God  his  heart,  became  zealous  in  His  service,  and  had  become  the 


leader  of  the  first  class  formed  in  the  place.  He  was  now  in  his  twenty-ninth 
year,  tall  and  dignified,  well  proportioned,  clean  shaven,  plump  and  comely. 
His  even  temperament  and  kindly  Irish  disposition  endeared  him  to  the  hearts 
of  his  little  congregation,  which  at  that  time  numbered  sixty-five  souls.  Al 
though  as  a  preacher  he  was  rivalled  by  many  of  the  old  "  giants  "  of  that  early 
time,  yet  his  commanding  manner  and  declamatory  style  frequently  carried  him 
into  outbursts  of  genuine  eloquence.  His  pleading  oratory  was  very  effective  as 
an  evangel  of  the  Gospel,  and  in  his  ministry  he  was  blessed  with  some  great  re 
vivals.  He  was  not  ordained  until  some  two  years  afterwards.  He  spent  40 
years  in  the  ministry  altogether,  being  superannuated  in  1847,  in  Hamilton.  In 
1801,  having  lived  to  the  good  old  age  of  seventy-one,  he  passed  away  on  the 
sixth  day  of  October. 

During  his  ministry  a   remarkable   case   of  religious  catalepsy  occurred  and 
which  was  widely  spoken  about  at  the  time. 


A  large  family  of  pious  sisters  with  their  mother  had  emigrated  from  Ireland, 
where  they  had  been  devoted  Methodists,  by  way  of  New  York— where  they  had 
resided  for  a  short  time— to  Little  York.  They  united  with  the  congregation. 
During  a  week-night  class  meeting,  one  of  them  retired  to  her  own  home  to  pray. 
Upon  the  return  of  the  remainder  of  the  family  they  found  her  in  her  own  room 
in  a  deep  trance,  which  lasted  nearly  a  week  and  from  which  she  awoke  in  a 
very  happy  state  of  mind.  For  the  remainder  of  her  years  she  led  a  devoted 
Christian  life,  and  one  of  her  sons  became  a  preacher  of  the  Gospel. 

During  his  pastorate,  and  despite  the  liveliness  and  genuine  power  of  the  meet 
ings,  the  membership  declined,  being  somewhat  depleted  by  a  rival  Wesleyan 


For  about  this  time  these  rival  efforts,  resulting  from  the  missionary  spirit  of 
English  Methodism,  gave  rise  to  the  organization  of  a  small  society  which  met  for 
worship  in  the  Masonic  Hall  on  Col  borne  Street.  The  recent  war,  with  its  attendant 
horrors  and  privations,  was  still  vividly  before  a  loyal  people,  who  loved  the 
Mother  Country  with  all  her  faults,  with  a  passionate  devotion  which  has 
never  died  away;  therefore  we  are  not  surprised  to  find  that  the  rival  meetings 
drew  largely  from  the  little  church  whose  pastors  were  almost  to  a  man  born  in 
the  American  Republic. 

Rev.  Henry  Pope,  who  was  the  pastor  of  the  rival  society,  was  born  in  Pad- 
stow,  a  small  seaport  on  the  coast  of  Cornwall.  He  became  a  subject  of  saving 
grace  along  with  his  brother  Richard  and  others  in  a  revival  in  his  native  town, 
where  he  was  appointed  leader  of  a  class  in  the  new-formed  society,  which  met 
first  in  a  single  room,  and  a  small  chapel  was  soon  erected. 

In  1814,  he  began  to  preach  upon  probation  in  the  Motherland,  and  on  Oct. 
20th,  1816,  he  landed  in  Quebec  as  a  missionary  to  Canada.  He  married  a 
Canadian  girl.  He  was  in  person  tall  and  dignified,  and  of  graceful  carriage. 
His  wife  was  a  woman  of  rare  beauty,  and  they  both  dressed  in  simple  habili 
ments.  Having  labored  for  four  years  on  other  Circuits,  in  1820  he  came  to 
Little  York,  to  break  the  Bread  of  Life  and  administer  the  sacraments  to  the 
little  Wesleyan  society  which  met  in  the  Masonic  Hall,  which  had  been  erected 
only  a  short  time  before  on  Market  Lane,  now  Wellington  Street.  He  was  well 
educated,  and  his  preaching  was  much  regarded  by  the  congregation  which  grew 
rapidly  under  his  ministry.  Here  were  the  Bulls,  the  Bosfields,  Woodalls, 

48  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

Hutchinsons,  and   Coates,  while  among  others  the  Levers  had  left  the  little 
wooden  chapel  to  worship  here. 

It  was  agreed  that  year  between  the  Episcopal  Methodist  Church  in  America 
and  the  Wesleyan  Church  in  England,  that  if  the  latter  would  withdraw  their 
missionaries  from  Upper  Canada,  Lower  Canada  would  not  be  intruded  upon  by 
the  itinerants  of  the  former.  Accordingly,  Mr.  Pope  was  withdrawn  from 
Toronto,  and  for  many  years  the  Wesleyans  had  no  formal  place  of  worship. 
The  Bosfields,  Levers,  Lackeys  and  Bulls  returned  to  the  little  King  Street  chapel 
to  worship,  but  the  Coates,  Hutchinsons  and  Fentons  never  did,  but  held  meetings 
in  Mr.  Coates'  home  for  four  or  five  years  afterwards. 

Mr.  Pope  went  to  Montreal  and  labored  until  an  old  man  in  Quebec  and  the 
Lower  Provinces,  finally  passing  away,  having  lived  to  be  over  80  years  of  age, 
in  the  town  of  Dartmouth,  near  Halifax,  N.S. 

Upon  the  return  of  the  seceders  the  King  Street  chapel  became  too  small 
to  hold  its  growing  congregation,  and  in  the  year  1820  an  addition  of  twenty 
feet  was  added  to  the  southern  end  of  the  building,  and  a  fence  was  placed 
around  it. 

Then  came  Rev.  Fitch  Reed,  in  the  year  1820.  The  ablest  preacher  and  the 
most  accomplished  and  polished  pastor  that  had  as  yet  broken  the  Bread  of  Life 
to  the  little  congregation.  He  was  then  a  handsome  young  man  in  his  twenty- 
fifth  year,  with  an  oval  face,  an  aquiline  nose  and  an  expressive  countenance. 
Large  numbers  listened  to  his  preaching,  especially  at  the  evening  services,  and 
his  texts  were  taken  from  the  identical  Bible  that  Philip  Embury  had  used  while 
occupying  the  pulpit  in  the  famous  John  Street  church,  in  New  York  city,  and 
which  he  had  procured  from  one  of  his  descendants.  For  two  years  he  stayed  in 
Little  York.  He  has  left  an  account  of  those  early  times,  and  we  will  quote  his 
own  words,  as  it  furnishes  a  picture  of  the  scenes  we  would  portray,  such  as  only 
an  eye-witness  could  give  : 

"  York  at  that  time  was  a  village  of  1,200  or  1,500  inhabitants.  Though  a 
small  and  not  very  attractive  place,  it  was  made  of  considerable  importance  by 
being  the  seat  of  the  Provincial  Government,  having  a  resident  representative  of 
royalty  in  the  person  of  Sir  Peregrine  Maitland,  the  Lieutenant-Governor,  beside 
the  usual  number  of  other  public  officers.  There  were  but  three  churches  in  the 
place  :  the  National  Episcopal  church,  a  small  Presbyterian  church,  and  the  lit- 


tie  wooden,  unpainted  Methodist  church,  an  unpretending,  barn-like  edifice, 
where  worshipped  the  little  flock  over  which  I  had  been  appointed  pastor.  It 
numbered  about  forty  members,  mostly  in  very  moderate  worldly  circumstances. 
Many  of  these— I  may  say  the  most  of  them— were  a  truly  devoted  spiritual 
people  and  '  rich  in  faith.'  Our  prayer-meetings  were  held  twice  a  week,  on 
Tuesday  and  Thursday  evenings,  in  different  private  houses.  To  show  somewhat 
the  spirit  of  the  people,  and  what  I  had  to  encourage  me  among  them,  I  may 
mention  that  I  was  present  at  every  prayer-meeting  during  the  two  years 
I  was  there,  unless  sickness  or  absence  from  home  prevented  me.  I  do  not 
remember  now  to  have  heard  one  of  the  members  pray  without  a  special 
petition  for  the  preacher. 

"  A  general  prejudice  existed  against  the  society — really,  no  doubt,  because  of 
their  simple-hearted,  earnest  piety,  and  the  obscurity  of  their  social  position  ;  but 
ostensibly  because  they  were  subject  to  a  foreign  ecclesiastical  jurisdiction  and 
their  ministers  mostly  foreigners.  This  prejudice,  indeed,  extended  to  all  our 
societies  in  the  Province,  and  our  ministers  and  people  suffered  many  annoy 
ances  by  reason  of  this  foreign  element,  We  felt  it  more,  perhaps,  at  the  centre 
of  Government  influence  than  elsewhere.  Probably  the  feeling  engendered  by  the 
recent  war  had  not  entirely  subsided.  This  made  it  the  more  important  that  I 
should  be  so  guarded  as  not  to  excite  the  suspicion  of  those  who  might  be 
watching  for  occasions.  My  friends  were  careful  to  suggest  immediately  after 
my  arrival  that  I  should  be  expected  in  public  worship  to  pray  for  the  '  king  and 
royal  family.'  Of  course,  I  was  willing  to  do  that,  and  replied,  I  had  no  doubt 
the  king— George  IV.—  needed  prayer  as  much  as  anyone.  They  smiled  and 
conceded  that  it  was  undoubtedly  .so. 

"  An  entire  stranger  as  I  was,  young  in  years  and  experience,  and,  withal,  a 
foreigner,  my  reception  by  the  brethren  at  my  new  appointment  was  all  I  could 
reasonably  desire.  My  timidity  and  fears  in  taking  charge  of  a  congregation  in 
such  a  place  were  mostly  dispelled  at  once.  I  felt  that  I  was  at  home  and  could 
act  without  embarrassment.  I  was  very  commodiously  provided  for  in  the  family 
of  Mr.  Wm.  Patrick,  one  of  our  leaders,  and  a  sincere,  earnest  Christian.  The 
kind  and  affectionate  attentions  I  received  from  his  excellent  family  during  the 
year  I  remained  with  them  have  left  grateful  and  lasting  impressions  on  my 


Mr.  Reed  had  been  received  on  trial  by  Conference  and  sent  to  Suffolk,  N.Y., 
in  1817.  The  following  year  he  was  sent  to  Sagg  Harbour,  thence  coming  to 
Canada,  "  to  the  Dominions  of  King  George  III.,"  where  in  Dunham  Circuit  he 
was  ordained  a  Deacon.  The  next  year  he  came  to  York,  and  in  the  second  year 
of  his  ministry  here  he  was  made  an  Elder.  Then  in  1822  he  again  removed  to 
the  United  States,  to  return  to  Canada  no  more  in  ministerial  capacity.  He 
visited  the  Wesleyan  Methodist  Conference  in  Toronto,  in  June,  1864,  and  while 
here  many  times  dwelt  upon  the  changes  that  had  taken  place  in  the  in 
tervening  j'ears.  It  was,  as  he  expressed  it,  as  if  some  Merlin  had  passed  his 
wand  above  the  country  village,  and  in  its  place  there  had  arisen  tall  chimneys, 
lofty  towers,  and  the  great  factories  of  a  metropolitan  city,  wherein  teeming 
thousands  toiled. 

He  died  October  10th,  1871,  in  his  seventy-sixth  year. 

His  assistant  the  last  year  of  his  pastorate  was  Rev.  Kenneth  McK.  Smith. 
The  reason  for  having  two  preachers  was,  that  as  the  country  was  growing  rapidly 
the  new  settlements  might  be  visited  and  societies  organized. 

He  was  born  in  Scotland,  of  respected  parentage,  and  received  an  excellent 
education.  He  was  of  a  roving  and  genial  disposition,  and  when  but  a  youth  he 
had  run  away  from  home  for  a  sailor's  life  upon  the  sea.  After  some  years  spent 
upon  the  ocean  he  settled  in  the  Bay  of  Quinte  country,  where  he  became  a  school 
teacher.  Here  in  a  revival  in  Adolphustown,  in  the  winter  of  1815,  he  had  been 
converted  under  the  preaching  of  David  Gulp.  Previous  to  this  time  he  had  a 
habit  of  amusing  the  young  by  preaching  mock  sermons.  He  now  began  to 
preach  in  earnest,  and  entered  Conference  on  probation,  and  became  an  exhorter 
of  great  power  and  considerable  genius.  On  the  Ottawa  district  and  at  Aneaster 
he  had  spent  the  two  years  before  coming  to  Little  York.  He  was  below  the 
medium  size,  and  his  countenance  had  the  Highland  characteristics. 

We  will  again  quote  Mr.  Reed's  own  report : — "  The  last  of  August  we  passed 
into  the  new  settlements,  about  thirty  miles  from  York.  We  found  the  inhabit 
ants,  in  general,  composed  of  English,  Scotch  and  Irish,  with  a  few  American 
families  ;  possessing  different  habits  and  inclinations  and  consequently  differently 
disposed  as  it  respects  religion.  But  they  received  us  kindly,  and  generally  ex 
pressed  a  desire  to  have  the  gospel  preached  among  them.  To  extend  our  labors 
to  all  those  places  where  the  desire  was  manifested  it  was  necessary  to  travel 


over  a  large  extent  of  country,  frequently  without  any  open  roads,  and  sometimes 
without  even  the  mark  of  an  axe  upon  the  trees  to  guide  us  from  one  settlement 
to  another.  To  travel  with  horses  was  found  impracticable,  both  from  the  state 
of  the  roads  and  the  want  of  accommodation  for  our  beasts.  Brother  Smith  has 
generally  remained  in  the  bush,  while  as  often  as  possible  I  have  gone  to  his 
assistance.  He  has  performed  his  tours  altogether  on  foot,  directing  his  course 
by  a  small  pocket  compass  where  there  was  no  path,  and  sometimes  travelling 
from  four  to  ten  miles  without  meeting  with  the  footsteps  of  man,  or  a  house  to 
shelter  him  from  the  storm.  In  his  girdle  he  carries  a  tomahawk  with  which  he 
fells  saplings  to  place  across  the  bridgeless  streams  on  which  to  walk  over.  An 
astonishing  alteration  in  the  manner  of  the  people  soon  became  visible.  Where 
formerly  our  congregations  were  small,  houses  are  now  crowded  with  listening 
multitudes  anxious  to  hear  the  word  of  salvation.  To  see  them  coming  from 
every  direction  with  lighted  torches  has  often  tilled  us  with  pleasing  solemnity, 
and  led  us  to  reflect  upon  the  importance  of  these  realities  which  have  excited 
this  deep  interest  in  their  minds.  In  the  township  of  Esquesing  and  Chinqua- 
cousey  the  Lord  has  favored  us  with  a  revival,  which  extends  into  parts  of 
Trafalgar  and  Toronto,  and  a  number  have  been  brought  from  darkness  to  light. 

"  During  my  second  year  in  York  I  found  a  pleasant  home  in  the  family  of  Mr. 
John  Doel.  A  precious  family  they  were  ;  and  parents  and  children  still  live  in 
my  heart  of  hearts.  My  '  Little  Johnny,'  a  frail,  delicate  little  fellow  of  five 
summers — how  strange  to  find  him  a  grey-haired  veteran  in  the  ranks  of  the 

Time  has  rolled  its  onward  course  since  these  feeling  thoughts  were  penned. 
The  writer,  Rev.  Dr.  Fitch  Reed,  has  himself  been  dead  for  twenty-six  years,  and 
"  Little  Johnnie  "  whom  he  mentions  with  such  loving-kindness  is  himself  an 
aged  supernumerary,  and  was  compelled  through  advancing  infirmities  to  leave 
the  active  work  twenty-three  years  ago.  He  lives  on  Avenue  Road,  and  is  now 
eighty-three  years  of  age,  with  white  hair  and  bended  form,  and  though  his  mind 
and  memory  are  almost  as  clear  as  in  the  prime  of  manhood  days,  he  waits,  full 
of  years  and  honors,  the  fulfilment  of  the  promises. 

"  There  were  but  three  churches  in  the  town.  There  were  many  Roman  Cath 
olics  in  the  place  ;  and  about  the  time  of  my  leaving  they  were  preparing  to  build 
a  church.  A  priest  visited  them  about  once  a  year,  when  all  the  members  were 


required  to  go  to  Confession.  I  remember  that  two  very  prominent  and  intelli 
gent  young  men,  notwithstanding  their  Popish  education,  were  among  the  regu 
lar  and  attentive  hearers.  One  of  them  became  thoroughly  concerned  for  his 
soul,  and 'Sought 'and  found  a  personal  interest  in  the  salvation  of  the  Gospel.  I 
had  the  satisfaction  of  baptizing  him,  and  of  receiving  him  into  the  church." 
This  probably  was  Mr.  Pilkey,  who  lived  in  Scarboro,  eight  miles  from  the 

"  One  of  the  most  interesting  cases  that  ever  came  under  my  notice  was  that 
of  a  young  Scotchman,  the  only  son  of  his  widowed  mother.  He  had  been  tend 
erly  reared,  well  educated  in  common  branches,  and  to  the  full  extent  of  parental 
means  and  influence  well  fitted  for  an  honorable  and  useful  life.  His  mother 
had  hoped  to  lean  upon  him  for  support  and  comfort  in  her  old  age.  But,  alas  ! 
Robert  fell  under  the  influence  of  evil  associates  and  examples,  became  wayward 
and  reckless,  and  plunged  in  all  manner  of  viciousness  and  crime,  until  his  poor 
mother's  heart  was  well-nigh  broken.  He  wandered  from  home,  and  for  years 
was  the  slave  of  the  lowest,  basest  passions.  He  confessed  to  me  that  he 
had  been  guilty  of  every  crime  he  could  think  of,  except  murder.  He  had 
recently  returned  to  his  mother,  in  her  humble  cottage  in  York,  arid  was 
apparently  endeavoring  to  make  amends  for  the  past  by  kind  and  filial 
attention.  He  found  his  way  to  the  chapel,  I  know  not  how,  for  his  mother 
attended  elsewhere,  and  became  a  constant  and  earnest  hearer  of  the  Word.  It 
was  not  long  before  he  was  fully  alarmed,  in  view  of  his  great  wickedness  and 
exposure  to  the  Divine  wrath,  and  anxiously  enquired  what  he  must  do  to  be 
saved.  I  gave  him  such  instructions  as  I  thought  were  suited  to  his  case;  but, 
apparently,  all  in  vain.  His  mind  grew  more  and  more  dark  arid  desponding, 
till  he  gave  himself  up  to  utter  despair,  and  asserted  with  great  vehemence  that 
there  never  was  so  vile  and  hell-deserving  a  sinner  as  he,  and  that  God  could 
not  extend  mercy  to  him  and  save  him  ;  it  would  be  absolutely  wrong  for  Him  to 
do  it.  No  assurances  to  the  contrary,  no  Gospel  promises  whatever,  could  move  him. 
This  was  succeeded  by  the  most  perfect  hardness  and  stupidity  that  I  ever  witnessed. 
I  was  completely  puzzled  and  confounded,  and  could  do  nothing  with  him.  Yet 
he  was  constantly  seeking  my  presence,  and  seemed  to  take  a  morbid  pleasure  in 
dwelling  upon  his  hopelessly  doomed  condition.  I  really  dreaded  to  meet  him. 
1  had  several  times  endeavored  to  adapt  my  discourse  to  his  particular  case,  but 


still  he  grew  worse  and  worse.     One  Sabbath  afternoon,  as  I  ^ was  preparing  for 
the  evening  service,  and  thinking  what  I  could  say  that  would  help  poor  Robert, 
I  lifted  my  heart  in  prayer  for  the  Divine  direction.     Suddenly  and  -forcibly  it 
occurred  to  me  that,  instead  of  palliatives,  he  really  needed  something' sharp  and 
caustic.     It  would  be  an  extreme  remedy — might  it  not  be  fatal  ?    I  shrank  from 
it ;  yet  I  could  hope  in  no  other  direction.    Trusting  in  God,  I  resolved  to  follow 
the  direction.     I  went  to  the  chapel  with  great  anxiety.     Robert  was  there  in 
his  usual  place  directly  in   front  of  me.     I  announced  my  text :     '  Where  the 
worm  dieth  not,  and  the  fire  is  not  quenched/     The  certainty,  the  nature  and 
the  eternity  of  hell's  torments  as  the  doom  of  all  finally  impenitent  sinners ;  such 
was  my  theme.     I  was  enabled  to  speak  with  great  freedom  and  earnestness,  and 
felt  sure  of  good  results.     The  immediate  effect,  however,  was  terrible  to  witness. 
He  fairly  writhed,  as  if  the  unquenchable  fire  had  already  seized  upon  him,  and 
the  undying  worm  was  gnawing  at  his  vitals.     He  met  me  at  the  close  of  the  ser 
vice,  seized  my  hand,  and,  with  despair  glaring  in  his  eyeballs,  said  to  me  :    '  Mr. 
Reed,  you  have  pronounced  my  doom  !     It  is  all  over  with  me,  and  I  am  doomed 
forever  !'    It  was  no  time  to  reason  with  him,  so  I  said  but  very  little,  believing 
that  the  light  of  salvation  would  ere  long  dispel  his  terrors.     The  next  morning, 
as  soon  as  the  day  dawned,  a  messenger  came  for  me  to  visit  Robert.     He  had 
not  laid  down  or  slept  a  wink  all  night;  nor  had  his  mother,  who  sat  by  him 
weeping.     I  conversed  and  prayed  with  him ;  and,  as   I  left,   I  said   to  him  : 
'  Robert,  you  will  see  me  before  night,  and  tell  me  how  great  things  God  hath 
done  for  your  soul.'     Tears  filled  his  eyes,  and  he  said  :  'Oh,  do  you  think  so  ? ' 
While  I  was  at  dinner  that   day  at  my  boarding-house,  I  saw  Robert  coming, 
leaping  like  a  deer,  and,  without  knocking,  burst  through  the  door  and  into  the 
room  where  I   was,  and,   with    extended   arms,  exclaimed  :     '  Oh,  Mr.  Reed,  I 
have  found  Him  !    I   have  found    Him  ! '      '  Whom    have  you  found,  Robert  ? ' 
'  Why,  I  have  found  Jesus  !     I  thought  I  never  should  find  Him ;  but  I  have, 
yes,  I  have.     As  I  was  crossing  the  Market  Square,  these  words  came  to  me : 

And  while  the  lamp  holds  out  to  burn 
The  vilest  sinner  may  return. 

And  at  once  I  found  Him.     Blessed,  blessed  change  ! '      A  happier  man  I  am  sure 
I  never  saw." 

Rev.  Kenneth   McK.  Smith  was  pastor  in  1822.      His  zeal  at  this  time  was 

54  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

marvellous,  his  industry  untiring,  his  preaching  almost  sublime.  Under  his  min 
istration  the  membership  leaped  from  thirty  to  one  hundred  and  four.  The  story 
of  his  after  life  and  the  sadness  of  his  subsequent  career  makes  pathetic  reading. 

From  York  he  went  to  the  Ottawa  Circuit,  where  he  labored  for  awhile,  and 
where  for  two  years  he  was  superannuated  on  account  of  illness.  About  this 
time  his  old  sailor  habits  of  intemperance  began  once  more  to  exert  their  ascend 
ancy  over  him,  and  held  him  in  their  sway  so  that  he  never  again  preached  the 
Gospel.  In  his  prosperous  days  he  had  been  a  great  favorite  with  Elder  Case. 
His  exhaustless  flow  of  Scotch  stories  and  witticisms  made  him  a  diverting  com 
panion  and  a  genial  comrade.  A  few  years  afterwards,  about  1830,  he  died.  Re 
pentant  and  sorrowful  for  his  great  weakness,  it  is  said,  God's  rnercy  was  again 
manifested  towards  him,  and  he  passed  away  in  peace. 

During  the  last  year  of  his  ministry  in  Little  York,  his  assistants,  who  were 
designated  missionaries  to  the  new  settlements,  were  Thomas  Demorest  and  Row 
ley  Heyland. 

Rev.  Thomas  J)emorest  was  born  in  1798,  on  the  7th  day  of  March.  When 
fifteen  years  of  age  he  experienced  salvation  and  joined  the  Demorestville  society, 
where  four  years  subsequently  he  became  a  leader. 

He  had  now  for  three  years  been  preaching  probationary.  Diligently  he  pur 
sued  his  duties  until  1827,  when  he  retired  from  the  itinerancy,  to  return  again 
after  a  lapse  of  fourteen  years.  For  eighteen  years  more  he  preached,  five  of 
which,  however,  he  spent  as  agent  of  the  Connectional  Funds,  and  then  became 
an  agent  for  the  Book  Room. 

In  18(J3  he  was  again  superannuated.  Eight  years  afterwards,  at  the  age  of 
seventy-four,  he  died  at  Percy,  on  the  24th  January,  1871. 

Rev.  Rowley  Heyland  was  one  of  the  most  famous  preachers  in  Canadian 
Methodism.  A  nativ7e  of  the  Emerald  Isle,  he  possessed  all  the  charms  that  char 
acterize  its  people.  Generous  and  warm -hearted,  sympathetic  and  kindly,  elo 
quent  and  magnetic,  with  a  clear  musical  voice  and  a  ready  flow  of  good  language, 
wherever  he  preached  his  efforts  were  signalized  by  great  numbers  of  his  listeners 
being  born  into  a  knowledge  of  the  truth. 

Having  preached  in  Upper  Canada  for  ten  years  before  the  union  of  1833,  he 
continued  an  itinerant  for  twenty  years;  finally,  after  having  been  superannuated 
for  nineteen  years,  he  died  in  Fairfield  in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his  age,  on  the 
27th  day  of  May,  1873. 


For  three  years,  from  1823  to  1826,  York  was  united  to  the  Yonge  Street  Cir 
cuit,  the  Rev.  John  Ryerson  and  Rev.  William  Slater  being  the  pastors  in 
charge  during  the  first  year  of  the  union.  John  Ryerson  was  the  third  member 
of  that  wonderful  family  who  have  left  the  imprint  of  their  genius  on  the  history 
of  the  new  country.  There  were  five  boys  altogether,  each  of  whom,  for  a  longer 
or  a  shorter  period,  travelled  as  itinerant  preachers  of  the  Gospel.  Their  father, 
Col.  Ryerson,  was  a  United  Empire  Loyalist,  and  had  been  an  officer  in  King 
George's  army  during  the  Revolutionary  War.  He  had  settled  at  Long  Point, 
on  the  banks  of  Lake  Erie,  and  worshipped  in  the  English  Church.  He  was 
bitterly  opposed  to  the  Methodism  which  his  sons  one  by  one  espoused,  and  Wil 
liam,  who  was  the  first  to  give  God  his  heart,  suffered  the  outburst  of  his  anger, 
and  was  compelled  to  leave  the  homestead.  Their  mother,  however,  was  a  strong- 
minded,  godly  woman,  and  her  attributes  of  character  were  reflected  strongly  in 
her  sons.  John  was  the  first  of  the  boys  to  enter  the  ministry,  and  he  began  the 
work  when  twenty-one  years  of  age,  in  the  year  1820,  in  his  own  native  district 
of  Long  Point. 

In  his  youth  he  was  genteel  and  intellectual  in  appearance,  quiet  and  grave, 
with  sound  judgment  and  a  resolute  will.  His  sermons  were  distinguished  by 
spasmodic  bursts  of  eloquence,  which  were  a  foretaste  of  the  brilliant  oratorical 
abilities  he  afterwards  displayed. 

He  had  spent  the  intervening  years  at  Ancaster  and  Niagara  and  had  been 
received  into  full  connection  by  the  Conference  which  had  sent  him  to  Little 
York.  He  and  Mr.  Slater,  who  worked  in  concert  for  several  years,  like  Damon 
and  Pythias,  were  noted  for  the  love  and  affection  with  which  they  held  each 
other.  In  1828  he,  his  brother  William,  Wyatt  Chamberlain,  Samuel  Belton,  and 
his  bosom  comrade,  Wm.  Slater,  were  appointed  Canadian  delegates  to  the  Gen 
eral  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  held  in  Pittsburg,  Pa.  The 
result  of  the  efforts  of  this  delegation  was  an  agreement  whereby  the  Methodists 
of  Upper  Canada  were  allowed  to  become  an  independent  church,  on  friendly 
terms.  In  1831  he  again  occupied  the  pulpit  of  the  King  Street  church,  and  dur 
ing  this  second  ministry  effective  revivals  of  great  interest  were  held,  which  re 
sulted  in  such  an  additional  growth  of  membership  that  the  grounds  on  Adelaide 
Street  were  secured  preparatory  to  the  erection  of  the  Adelaide  Street  church. 
In  1843  he  was  elected  President  of  Conference,  and  in  this  capacity  travelled 


from  end  to  end  of  the  Province,  everywhere  diffusing  a  missionary  spirit.  He 
was  Chairman  of  Districts  for  thirty  years,  and  his  abilities  as  an  organizer  and 
for  government  were  amply  sustained.  He  acted  as  Canadian  representative  to 
the  English  Conference  in  1840,  1846,  and  1849,  and  to  the  General  Conference 
of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  of  the  United  States  in  1839  and  1845.  In 
1860  he  was  superannuated. 

Rev.  William  Slater,  who  was  John  Ryerson's  colleague  on  the  Yonge  Street 
Circuit  in  1823,  was  born  in  Derbyshire,  England.  He  was  of  the  humble  walks 
of  life.  He  had  been  a  farm  laborer  before  he  was  induced  by  Rev.  Henry  Pope 
to  engage  in  the  nobler  work  of  saving  souls.  He  was  of  large  stature  and  pos 
sessed  a  fine  physique,  a  splendid  voice,  and  a  distinct  and  ready  utterance,  all  of 
which  qualities  combined  made  him  one  of  the  fair  preachers  of  his  time.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  delegation  sent  to  Pittsburg  which  secured  the  independ 
ence  of  the  Canadian  Church  in  1828.  He  died  suddenly  on  the  17th  of  January, 
of  the  following  year,  and  his  remains  rest  in  the  graveyard  of  the  King  Street 
church  in  Hamilton. 

In  1824,  Rev.  W.  H.  Williams  was  superintendent  of  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit. 
He  was  of  Welsh  extraction,  but  was  born  in  Orange  County,  New  York  State. 
Here  he  was  converted  and  began  to  exercise  his  gifts  in  public.  In  person  he 
was  under  the  average  stature,  but  compact,  heavy  and  muscular.  His  counten 
ance  was  remarkable  for  its  intelligence.  His  head  was  large,  and  surmounted  by 
a  luxuriant  growth  of  dark  hair  which  curled  gracefully.  His  early  school  ad 
vantages  had  been  circumscribed,  but  he  possessed  a  vigorous  mind  and  a  great 
thirst  for  knowledge,  which  led  him  to  resort  to  every  means  within  reach  for 
improving  himself.  When  well  advanced  in  years  he  spent  a  winter  in  Clarence, 
N.Y.,  attending  a  school  in  the  neighborhood.  Between  that  time  and  his  ap 
pearance  in  Canada  he  exercised  his  calling  for  a  time  in  Buffalo.  His  mind 
was  slow  in  capacity,  but  well  adapted  to  metaphysical  inquiries  and  logical 
processes.  His  preaching  at  times  was  marked  by  such  strong  emotions  and  pas 
sionate  earnestness  that  he  became  a  flame  of  fiery  oratory  and  held  his  congre 
gations  spell-bound. 

Previous  to  coming  to  York,  he  had  been  the  means  of  starting  a  revival  in 
Matilda,  which  spread  like  a  flame  of  fire  throughout  that  portion  of  Ontario, 
and  which  is  still  spoken  of  to  this  day. 


He  was  more  popular  in  the  country  part  of  the  Circuit  than  he  was  in  Little 
York,  his  boisterous  manner  grating  a  little  on  the  sensibilities  of  the  more  pol 
ished  citizens  of  the  town.  Still  the  little  chapel  was  crowded  every  Sunday 
night.  His  assistant  was  the  Rev.  James  Richardson,  who  took  charge  of  the 
Circuit  the  year  following.  He  had  been  better  educated  than  the  most  of  that 
day ;  he  had  moved  in  good  society  and  was  of  genteel  manners,  and  he  had  been 
ostracised  by  Bishop  Strachan  for  joining  the  Methodists.  His  father,  Captain 
Richardson,  had  placed  the  first  vessels  on  Lake  Ontario,  and  was  a  seaman  of  no 
mean  ability.  When  the  war  broke  out,  James,  who  had  been  given  a  nautical 
training,  accepted  a  commission  in  the  navy,  and  lost  his  left  arm  in  the  attack 
upon  Oswego.  Since  the  war,  he  had  been  in  His  Majesty's  commission  of  the 
peace  ;  and  his  prospects  in  politics  seemingly  were  short  of  no  mean  realization ; 
but  in  a  barn  owned  by  Aaron  Hinman,  where  the  town  of  Colborne  now  is  sit 
uated,  he  had  given  God  his  heart  in  a  sacramental  service,  and  straightway 
commenced  to  preach  the  Gospel. 

He  has  left  interesting  reminiscences  of  that  time,  which  are  still  in  manu 
script,  and  which  mementos  the  lapse  of  years  has  made  of  an  invaluable  nature 
as  a  pen  picture  of  the  time : 

"  Elder  Thomas  Madden,  then  in  charge  of  the  Niagara  District,  sought  an 
interview  with  me  and  proposed  to  employ  me  as  an  assistant  to  William  H. 
Williams,  the  preacher  in  charge  of  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit,  including  the 
town  of  York,  the  capital  of  the  Province.  I  consented,  so  in  the  month  of  Sep 
tember,  after  arranging  my  affairs,  disposing  of  stock  and  household  goods  other 
than  what  I  took  with  me,  putting  a  tenant  in  my  house,  and  a  deputy  in  the 
collector's  office,  preparatory  to  resigning  it,  and  taking  leave  of  the  endearments 
of  home  and  my  dear  father  and  other  relations  and  friends,  I  embarked  with 
my  dear  wife  and  the  three  lovely  children  with  which  the  Lord  had  blessed  me 
during  my  sojourn  at  Bresque  Isle,  and  a  few  things  for  housekeeping,  on  board 
a  small  schooner  of  about  thirty  tons,  and  in  about  two  days  anchored  in  York 
harbor,  now  Toronto.  Landed  in  the  night,  dark  and  rainy,  plenty  of  mud,  no 
carriage,  I  went  ahead  to  my  wife's  father's  residence,  corner  of  King  and 
Yonge.  Mr.  Dennis  (my  father-in-law)  immediately  went  forth  with  me,  and  a 
lantern,  to  meet  wife  and  children  trudging  through  the  mud  and  rain,  with  Jarnes 
in  her  arms  and  the  little  girls  following,  Sarah  minus  a  shoe,  which  came  off  in 


the  mud  crossing  Wellington  Street.     No  sidewalks  or  macadamizing  in  those 
days.     However,  here  we  were,  through  the  mercy  of  God,  snu-ly  quartered  at 
last,  but  no  parsonage  nor  other  house  available  for  my  residence.     Eutering, 
indeed,  in  the  field  of  my  future  labor,  but  homeless  except  as  sheltered  for  the 
time  being  by  my  wife's  parents,  Mr.  Dennis  having  a  small,  dilapidated  house 
that  had  been  once  a  dwelling,  but  was  now  used  as  a  joiner's  shop,  generously 
offered  the  use  of  it  free  of  rent  while  I  served  in  the  circuit,  if  I  could  so  fit  it 
up  as  to  live  in  it.     Seeing  no  alternative  I  went  to  work,  and  after  hard  work 
of  self  and  wife  for  two  or  three  weeks,  and  the  outlay  of  about  $20,  succeeded 
in  rendering  the  old  house  tolerably  comfortable  during  the  two  years  of  my 
labor  on  Yonge  Street  Circuit.     I  found  the  brethren  and  the  sisters  in  the  town 
very  kind  and  rea<ly  to  show  all  Christian  courtesies,  but  too  few  in  number  and 
sufficiently  burdened  with  their  own  necessities  to  render  much  aid.     We  found, 
however,  their  hearts  open,  and  the  more  so  the  longer  we  sojourned  amongst 
them,  and  this  went  far  to  console  my  dear  wife  and  reconcile  her  to  the  change 
of  circumstances  a  sense  of  duty  had  imposed   on  us.     I  cannot   but  contrast 
those  times  in  relation  to  Methodist  preachers  and  their  accommodations   at 
present,  at  least  of  those  laboring  in  the  older  settlements  of  our  country,  but  I 
am  reminded  here  of  what  the  first  pioneers  of   Methodism  in  Canada  had  to 
encounter,  and  my  comparisons  must  cease.     My  field  of  labor,  besides  embracing 
the  then  capital  of  the   Province,  extended  up  Yonge  Street  to  Lake  Siincoe 
about   forty-five  miles,   then   easterly    through    the   Townships   of    Markham, 
Scarboro,  Pickering,  Whitby  and  Darlington,  to  the  edge  of  Clark,  with  lateral 
excursions  to  the  right  and  left  of  some  eight  or  ten  miles  more  or  less  in  various 
places.     This  had  to  be  traversed  on  horseback  with  saddlebags,  wheel  carriages 
bein<r  out  of  the  question.    The  first  winter  of  1821-5  was  such  as  the  like  I  have 
never  seen  either  before  or  since,  not  a  day  of  real  sleighing  the  whole  winter, 
but  mud  holes  and  frozen  hubs  in  plenty  during  December  and  January,  and 
during  these  months  it  was  scarcely  possible  to  reach  the  town  with  any  kind  of 
carriage,  so   that  the  citizens  got  scarcely  any  supplies  from  the  country.     The 
ordinary  price  of  go  >d  firewood  was  but  $1.50  per  cord,  yet  a  cartloid  of  offal 
wood  picked  up  on  the  commons  would  sell  for  $1.00,  such  was  the  difficulty  of 
getting  it  to  market.     But  the  most  disheartening  feature  of  my  labor  this  year 
was  the  demoralized  condition  of  the  circuit,  class  papers  neglected,  and  in  several 


places  not  forthcoming  at  all.  Complaints  of  immoral  character  abounded.  In 
difference  to  the  means  of  grace  prevalent  in  most  places,  especially  so  in  the 
eastern  section,  the  Townships  of  Pickering,  Whitby  and  Darlington.  The  whole 
sum  raised  for  the  support  of  the  preachers  in  the  whole  range  of  these  three 
townships  during  the  year  did  not  exceed  eleven  shillings  currency,  or  $2.20, 
and  here  our  rides  were  longer  arid  labors  more  trying  than  in  the  western 
part.  The  whole  amount  of  my  dividend  for  the  year's  service  was  about  one 
hundred  dollars,  including  everything  to  feed  and  clothe  my  family,  pay  for 
house,  horse  and  travelling  expenses ;  nevertheless,  the  Lord  favored  us  with 
health  and  strength  and  a  resigned  will.  The  Superintendent,  William  H. 
Williams,  was  a  thorough  working  man,  unburdened  with  a  family,  bland  and 
generous,  at  home  whenever  night  overtook  him,  and  an  excellent  colleague. 
He  vigorously  applied  himself  to  the  trimming  of  the  circuit,  and  by  a  judicious 
administration  of  discipline  presented  it  much  improved — the  Societies  much 
advanced  in  piety  and  Christian  life,  though  not  in  numbers.  At  the  ensuing 
Conference,  1825,  I  was  admitted  on  trial,  and  put  in  charge  of  the  same  Yonge 
Street  Circuit,  reduced,  however,  by  the  separation  of  the  eastern  section  thereof. 
This  enabled  me  to  devote  more  time  and  labor  to  the  town  of  York,  having  for 
my  assistant  Rev.  Egerton  Ryerson,  who,  like  myself,  had  this  year  been 
admitted  on  trial.  A  more  agreeable  and  useful  colleague  I  could  not  desire. 
We  labored  together  with  one  heart  and  mind,  and  God  was  graciously  pleased 
to  Crown  our  united  efforts  with  success.  We  doubled  the  numbers  in  the 
Society,  both  in  town  and  country,  and  all  was  harmony  and  love.  Political 
questions  were  not  rife — indeed,  scarcely  known  among  us.  The  church  was  an 
asylum  for  anyone  who  feared  God  and  wrought  righteousness,  irrespective  of 
any  party  whatever.  We  so  planned  our  work  as  to  be  able,  beside  meeting  all 
the  former  appointments  in  the  townships  east  and  west,  bordering  on  Yono-e 
Street  for  45  or  50  miles  northward  to  Rouch's  Point,  Lake  Simcoe,  to  devote 
one  week  out  of  four  exclusively  to  pastoral  labor  in  the  town  and  preach 
there  twice  every  Sabbath. 

"  This  prosperous  and  agreeable  state  of  things  served  to  reconcile  my  dear 
wife  and  myself  to  the  itinerant  life  with  all  its  attendant  predilections  and  hard 
ships  incident  to  those  times." 

His  present  residence  with  his  family  in  the  town  of  York  gave  the  Society  * 


social  status,  and  an  amount  of  pastoral  attention  which  it  had  never  possessed 
or  enjoyed  before.  The  character  of  his  preaching  won  him  an  envied  eminence 
and  a  general  respect.  At  this  time  he  was  about  thirty-four  years  old ;  his 
manners  were  easy,  and  he  himself  was  open  and  approachable.  There  was  an  air 
of  the  most  unmistakable  piety  about  him — not  asceticism  or  grievance,  but  sim 
ply  goodness.  He  was  an  upright  man,  and  his  preaching  was  sound,  simple, 
clear,  unctuous  and  truly  Wesleyan.  It  stood  not  in  the  wisdom  or  device  of 
men,  but  in  the  power  of  God.  If  it  had  not  been  for  his  unction,  his  preaching 
would  have  been  sometimes  dry;  but,  as  it  was,  it  was  full  of  vitality  and 
adapted  to  bring  souls  to  Christ  and  build  up  holiness. 

Ten  years  afterwards  he  became  editor  of  the  Guardian,  and  ably  performed 
his  duties  there. 

In  1(S36  he  resigned  from  the  Conference,  chiefly  through  a  disagreement  with 
Egerton  Ryerson,  whom  he  criticised  for  indulging  too  freely  in  matters  political, 
and  went  to  Auburn,  N.Y.,  where  he  preached  for  twelve  months.  His  quiet, 
unpretentious  manners,  and  the  constant  exhibition  of  an  empty  sleeve,  ever  re 
minding  them  of  an  arm  lost  in  resisting  their  immaculate  republic,  was  likely  to 
be  an  eyesore  to  a  people  so  hostile  to  Britain  as  the  citizens  of  the  United 

He  returned  again  to  Canada  and  united  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church, 
and  subsequently  filled  the  office  of  Presiding  Elder,  and  ultimately  was  elevated 
by  them  to  the  Episcopacy.  For  many  years,  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  he  was 
their  sole  Bishop,  highly  respected  both  in  and  out  of  his  own  communion. 

His  assistant  colleague  during  his  second  year  in  York  was  the  immortal 
Egerton  Ryerson.  He  commenced  his  labors  in  the  itinerancy  on  April  20th, 
1825,  and  his  first  appointment  was  at  the  Thirty  meeting-house,  where  for  the 
first  time  ha  addressed  a  congregation  from  a  text  of  scripture.  Though  he  spoke 
with  fear  and  trembling,  perhaps  no  passage  could  have  been  selected  more  strik 
ingly  relevant  to  the  occasion,  "  He  that  goeth  forth  and  weepeth,  bearing  precious 
seed,  shall  doubtless  come  again  with  rejoicing,  bringing  his  sheaves  with  him." 

Among  those  who  heard  him  that  evening  was  Thomas  Vaux,  a  member  of  the 
King  Street  congregation  during  his  time  of  itinerancy  there.  His  preaching, 
while  at  York,  was  impassioned  and  magnetic.  As  yet,  however,  he  was  not  BO 
practiced  as  to  have  cured  himself  of  a  great  tendency  to  rapidity  in  speaking, 


and  to  the  repetition  frequently  of  whole  members  of  a  sentence  twice.  But  when 
free  from  embarrassment,  some  of  those  early  efforts  were  uncommonly  happy 
and  powerful.  His  studiousness  will  find  few  parallels  in  this  day;  though 
almost  daily  in  the  saddle,  and  lodging  in  very  inconvenient  places,  he  constantly 
rose  at  four  o'clock  and  improved  every  moment  of  leisure  time  through  the  day. 
The  increase  in  the  Circuit  amounted  to  fifty-six ;  it  was  a  year  of  great  ac 
tivity  in  the  King  Street  chapel,  and  the  beginning  of  a  long  period  of  unin 
terrupted  prosperity  of  Methodism  in  York,  which  was  only  arrested  by  the 
discussions  which  grew  out  of  political  events  in  1834  and  the  Irvingite  heresy 
which  coincided  with  these  events. 

For  the  history  of  his  remarkable  career  we,  of  course,  have  not  the  space  to 
spare,  but  his  is  a  household  name  in  Canada,  and  his  chief  claim  upon  the  grati 
tude  of  posterity  is  that  he  became  the  founder  of  our  system  of  national 

Rev.  William  Ryerson  succeeded  to  the  Circuit  in  1826,  remaining  in  York  the 
following  two  years.  He  was  the  most  notable  preacher  of  all  this  wonderful 
family,  and  the  greatest  of  his  time.  He  would  not  have  prepossessed  a  casual 
observer  very  much  at  first  sight  at  that  time — large,  light-corn  plexioned, 
rather  coarse  of  feature,  with  a  certain  looseness  of  make,  arising  from  his  great 
frame  being  not  yet  filled  up.  His  soft,  deliberate,  arid  not  very  direct  mode  of 
speaking  when  he  began  did  not  beget  expectation  of  the  tide  of  words  and 
ideas,  and  the  fascinating  control  of  the  attention  and  the  feeling  of  his  auditors 
which  were  always  soon  to  follow.  In  the  ardor  of  his  then  fervid  piety,  this 
orator  out  of  the  woods  of  Oxford  at  once  took  the  people  by  storm.  Had  he 
enjoyed  the  training  advantages  which  older  countries  afford,  and  had  he  been 
saved  from  many  annoyances  and  drawbacks,  he  would  have  become  the  Whit- 
field  of  Canada.  He  possessed  those  feelings  of  strong  sympathy  with  his  sub 
ject  for  the  time  being,  and  the  power  of  transferring  his  own  realizations  and 
emotions,  whether  of  hate,  fear,  indignation,  scorn,  or  tenderness,  to  his  hearers  to 
such  a  degree,  that  for  the  present  they  were  not  under  the  control  of  their  sober 
second  judgment.  He  spoke  with  intense  pathos.  His  voice,  which  was  always 
soft  and  plaintive,  was  tenderly  sympathetic.  At  first  his  eloquence  was  sweep 
ing  and  tidal,  then  he  would  speak  till  he  was  ready  to  drop  down  with  exhaus 
tion,  and  the  weaker  he  was  the  more  completely  the  people  were  melted. 
No  preacher  ever  appeared  in  Canada  who  drew  so  many  tears. 


His  preaching  was  the  great  attraction  to  the  chapel,  and  the  augmented  con 
gregation  necessitated  the  enlargement  of  the  church,  which  was  effected  and  paid 
for  in  his  time.  Now  for  the  first  time  were  to  be  seen  in  a  Methodist  church 
some  of  the  old  aristocratic  families  who  looked  upon  Dissenters  with  despising 

He  afterwards  was  a  member  of  the  delegation  which,  in  Pittsburg  in  1828, 
secured  the  independence  of  the  Canadian  Church. 

As  an  Elder  his  services  were  marked  by  extraordinary  energy  and  fidelity. 
He  never  missed  an  appointment,  and  he  passed  through  his  district  in  charge 
once  a  quarter  in  summer's  heat  and  winter's  cold  on  horseback.  He  had  been 
known  when  the  weather  was  so  severe  that  he  would  be  compelled  to  run  by 
the  side  of  his  horse  to  keep  himself  warm,  to  thrown  away  his  overshoes  lest 
they  should  impede  his  movement,  and  start  on  a  ninety  miles  journey,  facing 
the  cutting  blasts  of  early  winter. 

In  Brockville,  in  Kingston,  in  Toronto  again,  in  1837  and  1838,  in  Simcoe,  in 
Grand  River  and  in  London,  he  preached  everywhere,  overflowing  churches  greet 
ing  him. 

He  died  upon  the  15th  day  of  September,  in  the  year  1872,  in  the  seventy- 
fifth  year  of  his  age. 

Mr.  Ryerson's  colleague  during  the  first  year  of  his  superintendency  in  Yonge 
Street  was  Rev.  John  Beatty,  generally  termed  "  the  Squire." 

He  had  located,  when  in  his  youth,  on  the  flats  of  the  River  Credit,  and  when 
in  compan}'  with  a  band  of  settlers  they  crossed  the  Mimico  creek,  the  whole 
company  kneeled  in  prayer  while  he  implored  the  blessing  of  the  Most  High  on 
their  new  and  arduous  enterprise.  His  wife  in  after  3rears  would  often  go  alone 
to  the  distant  prayer- meetings  through  the  dense  dark  forest,  in  the  night  season, 
kneeling  down  to  implore  the  protection  of  the  Almighty  before  she  entered  the 
woods,  and  kneeling  again  to  return  thanks  when  she  emerged  from  their  gloomy 
recesses,  that  she  had  escaped  from  the  wolves  and  had  not  lost  her  way. 

He  was  now  in  comfortable  circumstances  and  well  up  in  years  and  wished  to 
spend  the  evening  of  his  years  in  usefulness.  He  volunteered  to  come  out  from 
the  locality  of  Meadowvale  and  spend  a  fortnight  in  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit 
without  a  reward.  He  occasionally  preached  in  York,  and  his  richly  scriptural 
sermons  gave  great  satisfaction. 


He  afterwards  entered  the  itinerancy  and  became  an  ordained  preacher,  re 
turning  in  that  capacity  ten  years  subsequently  to  the  same  Circuit. 

On  Friday,  the  22nd  day  of  February  of  this  year  (IS28),  Peter  Jones,  the  native 
missionary  to  the  Indians,  who  was  at  the  Credit  river,  visited  the  little  church. 
In  his  own  words,  they  "Started  with  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Richardson,  my  brother  John, 
and  about  twenty  Indian  school  children  for  York,  for  the  purpose  of  exhibiting 
their  improvement  before  some  of  the  members  of  the  House  of  Assembly  and  others. 
Reached  town  about  3  p.m.,  and  at  7  o'clock  repaired  to  the  Methodist  chapel, 
which  was  crowded  to  overflowing.     The  Rev.  J.  Richardson  commenced  the 
services  by  giving  out  a  hymn  and  prayer,  after  which  the  Rev.  W.  Ryerson  ad 
dressed  the  meeting,  stating  the  object  for  which  they  were  assembled.     The  In 
dian  children  then  commenced  exhibiting  in  a  pleasing  manner  their  improve 
ment—first  by  singing  both   in  English  and  Indian,  then  by  reading,  spelling, 
reciting  the  Lord's  Prayer  and  Ten  Commandments.     They  also  showed  samples 
of  writing,  and  the  girls  of   sewing  and  knitting,  and  closed  by  singing.     The 
Speaker  of  the  House  of  Assembly,  who  occupied  the  chair,  spoke  on  the  occasion, 
and  also  several  of  the  members;  all  evinced  great  interest  for  the  prosperity  of 
Missions  among  the  natives  of    the  forest.     The  Rev.  W.  Case  gave  a  general 
statement  of  the  Missions,  and  a  vote  of  thanks  was  given  to  the  members  of 
the  Methodist  Missionary  Society  for  their  indefatigable  exertions.     I  took  this 
opportunity,  on  behalf  of  my  native  brethren,  to  express  our  thanks  for  the  in 
terest  white  Christians  were  taking  on  our  behalf.     A  collection  was  then  taken 
up  for  the  purchase  of  books  for  the  schools."     Peter  Jones,  the  earliest  of  the 
native  missionaries,  was  often  a  visitor   at  the  little  church.     His  was  a  strong, 
mobile  countenance  betokening  the  vigorous  character  which  it  displayed.     His 
hair  was  black  and  straight  like  all  the  Indians.     His  mouth  was  firm,  his  full 
lips  compressed  a  little,  while  his  eye  was  sparkling,  bright  and   pleasing.     He 
was  born  on  the  picturesque  heights  of  Burlington  Bay  on  the  first  day  of  the 
year  1802.     He  was  reared  amid  the  customs  and  superstitions  of  her  people,  and 
for  fourteen  years  he  wandered  in  the  primeval  forest  with  the  uncivilized  in 

He  suffered  innumerable  hardships  incidental  to  wild  pagan  Indian  life.  His 
name  was  Kah-ke-wa-quon-a-by,  which  means  "sacred  waving  feathers."  Like 
all  other  Indian  lads,  he  was  taught  to  use  the  bow  and  arrows,  and  afterwards 


bscame  an  expert  gunner,  an  agile  canoeman,  and  a  fisherman  of  renown  amid 
his  kin. 

In  the  year  1816  he  received  the  advantage  of  an  English  school,  and  was 
taught  to  read  and  write.  After  this  he  settled  among  the  Mohawk  Indians. 
In  1820  he  began  to  attend  church  services,  and  to  think  favorably  about  the 
Christian  faith.  But  when  he  viewed  the  way  in  which  the  white  men,  who 
mostly  composed  the  van  of  approaching  civilization,  drank  whiskey,  quarrelled, 
fought  and  cheated  his  unsophisticated  brethren,  the  Indians,  his  glimmering 
reason  decided  that  the  Indian  religion  was  not  inferior  to  this.  Though  him 
self  a  wild,  untamed  Indian  youth,  he  never  fell  into  the  vice  of  drunkenness. 
In  1823  he  became  acquainted  with  Seth  Crawford,  an  earnest  Christian  worker, 
and  one  who  had  taken  a  deep  interest  in  the  spiritual  welfare  of  the  Indians. 
His  piety  and  sympathy  for  them  made  a  deep  impression  on  the  mind  of  Peter 

Soon  after,  a  camp-meeting  was  held  in  the  Township  of  Ancaster  by  the  early 
Methodists  of  those  days.  Many  were  drawn  by  curiosity  to  visit  this  gathering 
Among  the  rest  this  young  Indian  and  his  sister  Mary  came  to  see  how  the 
Methodists  worshipped  the  Great  Spirit  in  the  wilderness. 

Rev.  William  Case,  the  Apostle  of  the  Indian  work  in  Canada,  had  the  general 
oversight  of  the  camp-meeting.  With  him  were  associated  a  number  of  minis 
ters,  who  alternately  delivered  pointed  and  powerful  discourses  from  the  preach 
ers'  stand  to  the  large  multitudes  who  had  gathered  from  the  surrounding 

Peter  Jones  has  left  an  account  of  the  meeting  and  we  will  let  him  speak  for 
himself : 

"On  arriving  at  the  encampment  I  was  immediately  struck  with  the  solemnity 
of  the  people,  several  of  whom  were  engaged  in  singing  and  prayer.  Some 
strange  feeling  came  over  my  mind,  and  I  was  led  to  believe  that  the  Supreme 
Being  was  in  the  midst  of  His  people,  who  were  now  engaged  in  worshipping 

"  We  pitched  our  tents  upon  the  ground  allotted  to  us  ;  it  was  made  of  coarse 
linen  cloth.  The  encampment  contained  about  two  acres,  enclosed  by  a  broad 
fence.  The  tents  were  pitched  within  this  circle  ;  all  the  underbrush  was  taken 
away,  whilst  the  larger  trees  were  left  standing,  forming  a  most  beautiful  shade. 


There  were  three  gates  leading  into  the  encampment.  During  each  night  the 
whole  place  was  illuminated  with  fire-stands,  which  had  a  very  imposing  appear 
ance  among  the  trees  and  leaves.  The  people  came  from  different  parts  of  the 
country,  some  ten,  some  twenty,  and  some  even  fifty  miles,  in  their  waggons, 
with  their  sons  and  daughters,  for  the  purpose  of  presenting  them  to  the  Lord 
for  conversion.  I  should  judge  there  were  about  a  thousand  persons  on  the 

"At  the  sound  of  the  horn  we  went  and  took  our  seats  in  front  of  the  stand, 
from  which  a  sermon  was  delivered.  After  this  there  was  a  prayer-meeting,  in 
which  all  who  felt  disposed  took  part  in  exhorting  and  praying  for  penitents. 
Ths  next  day,  Saturday,  2nd  June,  several  sermons  were  preached,  and  prayer- 
meetings  were  held  during  the  intervals. 

"  By  this  time  I  began  to  feel  very  sick  in  my  heart,  but  did  not  make  my 
feelings  known.  On  Sabbath,  there  was  a  great  concourse  of  people  who  came 
from  the  adjoining  settlements,  and  many  discourses  were  delivered,  some  of 
which  deeply  impressed  my  mind,  as  I  could  understand  most  of  what  was  said. 
I  thought  the  '  black-coats  '  knew  all  that  was  in  my  heart,  and  that  I  was  the 
person  addressed.  The  burden  of  my  soul  began  still  to  increase,  and  my  heart 
said, '  What  shall  I  do  to  be  saved  ? '  for  I  saw  myself  to  be  in  the  gall  of  bitter 
ness  and  in  the  bond  of  iniquity.  The  more  I  understood  the  plan  of  salvation 
by  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  the  more  I  was  convinced  of  the  truth  of  the  Christian 
religion  and  of  my  need  of  salvation.  In  spite  of  my  old  Indian  heart,  tears 
flowed  down  my  cheeks  at  the  remembrance  of  my  sins.  1  saw  many  of  the 
white  people  powerfully  awakened,  and  heard  them  crying  aloud  for  mercy,  while 
others  stood  and  gazed,  and  some  even  laughed  and  mocked.  The  meeting  con 
tinued  all  Monday,  and  several  discourses  were  delivered  from  the  stand.  My 
convictions  at  this  time  were  quick  and  painful.  During  the  preaching  I  wept 
much.  This,  however,  I  endeavored  to  conceal  by  holding  down  my  head  be 
hind  the  shoulders  of  the  people.  I  felt  anxious  that  no  one  might  see  me  weep 
ing  like  an  old  woman,  as  all  rny  countrymen  consider  this  beneath  the  dignity 
of  an  Indian  brave.  In  the  afternoon  of  this  day  my  sorrow  and  anguish  of  soul 
greatly  increased,  and  I  felt  as  if  I  should  sink  down  to  hell  for  my  sins,  which  I 
saw  to  be  very  great  and  exceedingly  offensive  to  the  Great  Spirit.  I  was  fully  con 
vinced  that  if  I  did  not  find  mercy  from  the  Lord  Jesus,  of  whom  I  had  heard  much, 


I  certainly  should  be  lost  for  ever.  I  thought  if  I  could  only  get  the  good  people 
to  pray  for  me  at  their  prayer-meetings  I  should  soon  find  relief  to  my  mind,  but 
had  not  sufficient  courage  to  make  my  desires  known.  O,  what  a  mercy  that 
Christ  did  not  forsake  me  when  my  heart  was  so  slow  to  acknowledge  Him  as 
my  Lord  and  Saviour.  Towards  evening  I  retired  into  the  solitary  wilderness 
to  try  to  pray  to  the  Great  Spirit.  I  knelt  down  by  the  side  of  a  fallen  tree. 
The  rattling  of  the  leaves  over  my  head  with  the  wind  made  me  uneasy.  I  re 
tired  further  back  into  the  woods,  and  then  wrestled  with  God  in  prayer,  who 
helped  me  to  resolve  that  I  would  go  back  to  the  camp  and  get  the  people  of 
God  to  pray  for  me.  I  went,,  but  when  I  arrived  at  the  meeting,  my  fearful  heart 
again  began  to  hesitate.  I  stood  by  the  side  of  a  tree,  considering  what  I  must 
do,  whether  I  should  give  up  seeking  the  Lord  altogether  or  not. 

"  It  was  now  about  dusk.    While  I  was  thus  hesitating  as  to  what  to  do,  a  good 
old  man,  named  Reynolds,  came  to  me  and  said,  '  Yes.'     He  then  said,  '  Do  you 
desire  the  people  of  God  to  pray  for  you  ? '     I  told  him  I  did,  and  that  was  what 
I  had  desired.     He  then  led  me  into  the  prayer-meeting.     I  fell  upon  my  knees, 
and  began  as  well  as  1  could  to  call  upon  the  name  of  the  Lord.     The  old  man 
prayed  for  me,  and  exhorted  me  to  believe  on  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  who,  he  said, 
had  died  for  Indians  as  well  as  white  people.     Several  of  the  preachers  prayed 
for  me.     When  I  first  began  to  pray  my  heart  was  soft  and  tender,  and  I  shed 
many  tears;  but,  strange  to  say,  some  time  after  my  heart  got  as  hard  as  a  stone. 
I  tried  to  look  up  but  the  heavens  seemed  like  brass.     I  then  began  to  say  to 
myself,  '  There  is  no  mercy  for  poor  Indian.'     I  felt  myself  an  outcast,  a  sinner 
bound  for  hell.     About  midnight  I  got  so  fatigued  and  discouraged  that  I  retired 
from  our  prayer-meeting  and  went  to  our  tent,  where  I  immediately  fell  asleep. 
I  know  not  how  long  I  had  slept  when  I  was  awakened  by  the  Rev.  E.  Stoney 
and  G.  Ferguson,  who  had  missed  me  at  the  prayer-meeting,  and  had  come  with 
a  light  to  search  for  me.     Mr.  Stoney  said  to  me,  '  Arise,  Peter,  and  go  with  us 
to  the  prayer-meeting,  and  get  your  soul  converted.    Your  sister  Mary  has  already 
obtained  the  Spirit  of  Adoption,  and  you  must  also  seek  the  same  blessing.' 

"  When  I  heard  that  my  sister  was  converted  and  had  found  peace  (not  knowing 
before  that  she  was  even  so  much  as  seeking  the  Lord),  I  sprang  up  and  went 
with  the  two  good  men,  determining  that  if  there  was  still  mercy  left  for  me.  I 
would  seek  until  I  found  it.  On  arriving  at  the  prayer-meeting,  I  found  my 


sister  apparently  as  happy  as  she  could  be.  She  came  to  me  and  began  to  weep 
over  me  and  to  exhort  me  to  give  my  heart  to  God,  telling  me  how  she  had  found 
the  Lord.  These  words  came  with  power  to  my  poor  sinking  heart,  and  I  fell 
upon  my  knees  and  cried  to  God  for  mercy.  My  sister  prayed  for  me,  as  well  as 
other  good  people,  and  especially  Mr.  Stoney,  who^e  zeal  for  rny  salvation  I  shall 
never  forget.  At  the  dawn  of  day  I  was  enabled  to  cast  myself  wholly  upon  the 
Lord,  and  to  claim  the  atoning  blood  of  Jesus,  as  my  all-sufficient  Saviour,  who 
had  borne  all  my  sins  in  His  own  body  on  the  Cross.  That  very  instant  my 
burden  was  removed,  joy  unspeakable  filled  my  heart,  and  I  could  say,  '  Abba, 

"  The  love  of  God  being  now  shed  abroad  in  my  heart,  I  loved  Him  intensely, 
and  praised  Him  in  the  midst  of  the  people.  Everything  now  appeared  in  a  new 
light,  and  all  the  works  of  God  seemed  to  unite  with  me  in  uttering  the  praises 
of  the  Lord.  The  people,  the  trees  of  the  woods,  the  gentle  winds,  the  warbling 
notes  of  the  birds,  and  the  approaching  sun,  all  declared  the  power  and  goodness 
of  the  Great  Spirit.  And  what  was  I  that  I  should  not  raise  my  voice  in  giving 
glory  to  God,  who  had  done  such  great  things  for  me  ! 

"  My  heart  was  now  drawn  out  in  love  and  compassion  for  all  people,  especi 
ally  for  my  parents,  brothers,  sisters,  and  countrymen,  for  whose  conversion  I 
prayed  that  they  might  also  find  this  great  salvation.  I  now  believed  with  all 
my  heart  in  God  the  Father,  Son,  and  Holy  Ghost,  and  gladly  renounced  the 
world,  the  flesh  and  the  devil.  I  cannot  describe  my  feelings  at  this  time.  I  waa 
a  wonder  to  myself.  O,  the  goodness  of  God  in  giving  His  only  begotten  Son  to 
die  for  me,  and  thus  to  make  me  His  child  by  the  Spirit  of  Adoption.  May  I 
never  forget  the  great  things  He  had  done  for  me  on  the  glorious  morning  of  the 
5th  of  June,  1823  ! 

"  Before  the  meeting  closed  on  this  Tuesday  a  fellowship  meeting  was  held. 
The  Rev.  W.  Case  requested  all  those  who  had  experienced  the  blessing  of  justi 
fication  to  stand  up,  and  a  goodly  number  rose,  amongst  whom  were  my  sister 
Mary  and  myself.  When  Elder  Case  recognized  me  he  exclaimed,  *  Glory  to  God  i 
there  stands  a  son  of  Augustus  Jones,  of  the  Grand  River,  amongst  the  converts. 
Now  is  the  door  opened  for  the  work  of  conversion  amongst  his  nation  ! ' 

"  The  meeting  being  closed,  we  returned  home,  and  with  tears  told  our  parents 
what  the  Lord  had  done  for  us.  Our  simple  story  affected  them  much ;  they 


wept,  and  said  they  were  glad  that  we  had  given  our  hearts  to  God,  and  exhorted 
us  to  persevere  in  the  good  way. 

"A  few  days  after  this  the  evil  spirit  tempted  me  to  doubt  the  reality  of  the 
change  wrought  in  my  soul  by  the  Holy  Spirit,  but  this  seemed  only  to  urge  me 
to  seek  the  Lord  with  greater  diligence.  I  searched  the  Scriptures,  prayed  much, 
and  waited  for  a  clearer  manifestation  of  His  work  in  my  heart.  One  day  1 
retired  to  a  grove  to  pray,  and  whilst  thus  engaged  all  my  doubts  and  fears  were 
dispersed,  and  I  was  enabled  to  receive  the  witness  of  the  Spirit  bearing  witness 
with  my  spirit  that  I  was  a  child  of  God,  that  I  had  passed  from  death  unto  life, 
and  that  of  a  truth  a  good  work  was  begun  in  my  heart." 

On  the  evening  of  Sunday  the  28th  day  of  June,  183C,  he  passed  away,  after  a 
long  life  of  service,  during  which  time  he  saw  the  savage  Indian  tribes  redeemed 
from  their  primeval  darkness  and  a  great  revolution  effected  in  their  spiritual 
and  material  affairs,  in  which  great  woik  he  had  taken  an  onerous  part. 

York  was  now  separated  from  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit  and  made  a  station  to 
which  the  Rev.  Franklin  Metcalf  was  assigned.  He  was  now  in  the  prime  of  his 
manly  beauty.  He  was  a  little  less  than  six  feet  in  height,  straight,  symmetrical, 
lithe  and  graceful.  His  countenance  was  clothed  with  the  native  glow  of  health 
and  lighted  with  a  genial  smile,  and  a  pair  of  large  sparkling  eyes ;  his  features 
were  regular,  his  forehead  high  and  surmounted  by  an  abundant  covering  of  brown 
silken  hair.  He  was  beautiful  indeed,  but  neither  vain,  nor  flirty,  nor  imprudent. 
Instead,  he  was  pure  as  the  virgin  snow,  prudent  to  a  degree,  frequently  going 
alone  and  pouring  out  his  soul  to  God  by  the  hour. 

He  was  born  on  June  6th,  18 — ,  in  Worcester,  Mass.,  and  moved  with  his 
parents,  when  nine  years  of  age,  to  Seneca  Falls,  New  York  State.  His  father 
was  an  officer  in  the  army  during  the  Revolutionary  War.  The  parents  belonged 
to  the  Baptist  Church.  The  death  of  his  father  and  a  beloved  sister,  before  he 
was  twelve  years  old,  made  a  deep  religious  impression  on  his  mind  which  never 
left  him.  When  about  fourteen  a  revival  of  religion  took  place  among  the  Me 
thodists  in  his  vicinity.  His  mother  was  opposed  to  the  family  attending,  and 
learning  that  his  elder  brother  was  among  the  penitents,  sent  Franklin  to  bring 
him  home ;  but  he  also  remained  to  pray.  After  several  nights  earnestly  spent 
in  seeking  salvation  he  obtained  a  bright  evidence  of  his  acceptance  with  God. 

His  mother  wished  him  to  join  the  Baptist  Church,  but  finally  told  him  to 


unite  with  the  church  in  which  he  thought  he  would  have  the  most  assistance  in 
the  service  of  God.  On  leaving  school  he  chose  the  profession  of  medicine,  and 
was  articled  to  a  physician  who  was  an  elder  in  the  Presbyterian  Church a  per 
son  whom  he  much  respected,  and  with  whom  he  completed  the  study  of  anatomy. 
During  his  medical  studies  his  convictions  were  that  he  was  not  in  his  proper 
sphere;  but  such  was  his  agreement  with  the  doctor  that  he  dared  not  mention 
his  views  to  him.  A  friend  induced  him  to  allow  the  matter  to  be  broached,  when 
his  superior  kindly  released  him  from  his  engagement.  He  was  then  in  his 
eighteenth  or  nineteenth  year.  He  then  spent  a  couple  of  years  in  a  local  sphere 
and  in  preparatory  study  before  going  out  into  the  itinerant  field.  He  came  to 
Canada  when  he  was  twenty -one.  llev.  Dr.  Green's  recollections  of  him  in  York 
are  very  interesting: — "I  found,"  he  says,  "  in  Bro.  Metcalf  all  that  I  anticipated; 
a  faithful  friend,  an  interesting  companion,  an  excellent  and  finished  preacher, 
and  an  admirable  colleague.  To  my  own  mind  he  was  the  model  preacher  of 
the  Connexion.  Deep  in  Christian  experience,  pastoral  in  his  habits,  neat,  but 
not  fine,  in  his  dress,  commanding  in  personal  appearance,  and  gentlemanly  in  his 
intercourse  with  society,  he  was  well  calculated  to  do  good  and  to  gain  esteem. 
But  if  to  these  elements  of  influence  and  success  you  add  a  sound  and  discrim 
inating  judgment,  a  logical  mind  well  stored  with  facts  and  ideas,  a  remarkably 
clear  and  methodical  way  of  arranging  his  subjects,  and  of  presenting  truth  to 
his  congregations,  always  backed  up  with  scripture  proofs,  and  delivered,  not  in 
a  pompous  strain  of  oratory  but  in  forcible  language  of  simple  eloquence,  you 
will  have  a  tolerably  correct  idea  of  Metcalf 's  distinguishing  characteristics.  His 
voice  was  neither  very  loud  nor  very  musical,  yet  he  could  give  utterance  to 
every  word  in  a  manner  very  agreeable.  It  was  a  luxury  to  hear  him  ;  and  we 
often  rode  miles  to  hear  each  other  on  week-day  evenings.  His  sermons  cost  him 
much  time  and  thought ;  but,  when  delivered,  there  was  a  completeness  of  style, 
illustration  and  arrangement,  connected  with  earnest  devotion  and  practical 
godliness,  which  made  them  not  only  acceptable  and  useful,  but  highly  popular." 
For  two  years  he  preached  in  the  King  Street  chapel.  His  subsequent  career 
was  long  and  honorable  and  no  man  in  the  Canadian  Conference  was  more  be 
loved.  After  he  had  been  superannuated  for  some  years,  on  the  tenth  day  of  June, 
in  the  year  Ib50,  he  died  suddenly  in  broad  daylight  with  no  human  being  near, 
while  on  an  errand  with  horse  and  cart  to  the  back  part  of  his  farm.  The  news 


of  his  death  reached  Conference,  which  was  then  sitting,  and  his  old  comrades 
were  bowed  in  sorrow  and  tears  by  the  melancholy  news.  A  service  was  held 
durino-  the  Conference  to  the  honor  of  his  memory.  A  solemn  procession  of  the 


brethren  was  organized  and  proceeded  from  the  house  of  Mr.  Amos  Stearns,  with 
crape  badges  on  their  arms,  which  proceeded  slowly  to  the  church,  where  a  sermon 
was  preached  by  the  President,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Richey,  and  a  eulogy  on  his  character 
pronounced  by  Elder  Case. 

Rev.  William  Smith  was  his  successor  in  the  King  Street  church.  He  was  of 
Scottish  parentage,  but  born  in  1802  in  the  town  of  Niagara,  once  the  capital  of 
the  Province.  Part  of  his  youth  was  spent  in  Brockville,  where  his  mother,  who 
then  was  a  widow,  wedded  the  Rev.  Wm.  Brown.  This  led  to  his  residence  for 
a  time  at  Rideau,  and  his  consequent  intercourse  with  the  Methodists.  His 
mother  died,  and  he  engaged  in  business  with  his  uncle  at  Presquile.  He  at 
this  time  had  received  a  good  commercial  education,  and  was,  besides,  a  person  of 
untiring  energy  and  practical  sagacity.  During  the  year  1822,  in  a  great  revival 
that  swept  the  Smith's  Creek  Circuit,  he  was  brought  into  the  church,  in  which 
he  was  soon  appointed  a  class  leader.  He  was  licensed  to  exhort,  but  never  ex 
ercised  his  gift  in  eaily  years.  About  the  year  1825  he  disentangled  himself 
from  business  and  repaired  to  the  Methodist  seminary,  where  he  remained  two 
years  pursuing  a  classical  and  scientific  course  of  education.  He  was  induced  by 
Elder  Case  to  leave  his  academical  pursuits  and  to  teach  the  Indians  on  Grape 
island.  But  he  found  it  a  monotonous  employment  and  unsuited  to  his  tastes 

and  energies. 

In  the  meantime  sundry  appointments  which  he  supplied  in  the  surrounding 
circuits  showed  his  uncommon  powers  as  a  preacher,  and  he  was  sent  by  Elder 
Case  as  the  junior  colleague  of  Mr.  Bel  ton.  He  showed  himself  a  matured  man. 
He  had  a  thorough  comprehension  of  all  business  matters,  was  well  informed 
but  not  pretentious ;  was  plain  and  affable,  but  very  well  bred  ;  pleasant  but 
grave ;  not  narrow-minded  but  conscientious.  He  was  one  of  the  best  of  pas 
tors,  systematic  and  constant ;  and  a  plain,  tasteful  and  valuable  preacher.  It 
was  wonderful  to  see  how  he  preserved  so  distinct  an  utterance  with  such  un 
usual  rapidity.  In  person  he  was  middling  sized,  lithe  and  active.  His  features 
were  sharp  and  expressive,  and  his  skin,  hair  and  eyes  very  black.  Under  hia 
assiduous  pastoral  ministry  there  was  an  increase  of  membership  of  thirty  dur- 


ing  the  year,  which  was  wound  up  with  a  powerful  revival.  After  preaching  in 
Kingston  and  Brockville  he  removed  to  the  United  States,  and  died  in  the  city 
of  Boston  in  1842. 

Among  the  members  of  the  chapel  at  this  time  who  are  still  remembered  were 
Thomas  Mara,  who  kept  a  shoe  store  on  Queen  Street,  near  John,  and  who,  early 
in  the  first  month  of  the  new  year  of  1898,  passed  into  the  great  beyond  ;  Mr. 
Baxter,  the  forefather  of  the  alderman,  who  was  the  leading  singer  of  the  choir; 
Mr.  Knot,  who  resided  at  the  corner  of  Bay  and  King  Streets ;  Mr.  Higgins,  then  a 
head  bailiff;  Mr.  Glascow,  a  dealer  in  boots  and  hhoe.s ;  Mr.  Humphreys,  a  carpen 
ter;  John  Doel,  the  father  of  the  aged  supernumerary,  a  sketch  of  whose  life  can 
be  found  after  the  history  of  Avenue  Road  Church  ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  John  Lever, 
who  moved  away  to  embark  on  farming  somewhere  in  the  interior;  Asa  Patrick, 
a  farmer  of  Scarboro,  although  of  the  same  name  he  held  no  relationship  to  W.  P. 
Patrick,  but  they  both  married  daughters  of  Mr.  Gilbert;  Mr.  Wilson,  an  old 
soldier,  and  a  member  of  the  Queen's  Rangers,  who  carried  on  a  shoe  store  on 
King  Street,  opposite  the  church,  and  whose  wife,  Susanna,  had  passed  through 
the  Lachine  Rapids  in  an  open  boat,  and  had  been  present  at  Queenston  Heights, 
when  the  fields  were  stained  with  the  blood  of  battle,  and  the  brave  Brock  was 
slain.  When  the  enemy  were  giving  way,  and  the  battle  almost  won,  to  Tecumseth, 
the  great  Indian  warrior,  she  gave  the  red  skirt  which  she  wore  to  tie  in  strips 
about  the  arms  of  the  wives  of  the  American  soldiers,  to  save  them  from  the 
tomahawks  of  his  own  bloodthirsty  followers. 

Dr.  Morrison,  at  one  time,  was  chief  clerk  in  the  Surveyor-General's  office. 
Prejudice  against  the  Methodists  was  an  important  factor  in  aristocratic  circles, 
and,  without  charge  or  the  slightest  deficiency  in  faithfulness  and  efficiency,  he 
was  dismissed  from  his  position  for  no  other  reason  but  on  account  of  his  laith. 
He  then  devoted  himself  to  the  medical  profession,  which  he  had  studied  in 
earlier  life.  He  was  afterwards  elected  to  represent  York  in  the  House  of 
Assembly,  defeating  the  Attorney-General.  He  was  also,  at  another  time,  elected 
Mayor  of  the  city.  He  died  as  he  had  lived,  a  staunch  Methodist,  and  happy  in 
the  living  faith  that  abideth  with  the  faithful. 

In  the  year  of  his  ministry  the  following  sarcastic  advertisement,  printed  in 
the  columns  of  the  Guardian,  shows  that  the  church  had  become  a  rendezvous 
6n  Sunday  evenings  of  loungers,  who  spent  their  time  around  the  place: — 


A  number  of  young  gentlemen  to  gaze,  and  talk  and  lounge  in  front  of  the 
Methodist  chapel  in  this  town  on  Sunday  evenings.  All  the  qualifications  neces 
sary  are  a  good  share  of  ill-mannerly  ignorance,  self-conceit  and  unblushing  im 
pudence.  Any  young  gentlemen  who  wish  to  engage  in  this  praiseworthy  and 
honorable  employment,  will  please  to  parade  themselves  in  front  of  said  chapel 
next  Sunday  evening  between  the  hours  of  6  and  8  o'clock. 

disapprobation  of  every  decent  person  will  be  given  in  part  payment. 

When  the  village  was  small,  previous  to  the  time  when  police  protection  was 
afforded,  it  was  not  an  unusual  occurrence  to  have  the  service  interrupted  by  the 
practical  jokes  of  the  careless  wags  of  the  place  ;  occasionally  they  would  put 
out  the  lights,  throw  in  cackling  geese,  and  again  they  would  vary  the  performance 
by  driving  in  other  fowl  and  birds.  On  one  occasion,  during  service  time,  a 
drunken  man  was  wheeled  up  the  aisle  prostrate  in  a  wheelbarrow.  The  late 
Joshua  Van  Allen,  a  tailor,  who  subsequently  removed  to  Chatham,  where  he 
died,  in  a  burst  of  righteous  wrath,  disposed  of  the  interlopers  single-handed. 

In  this  year,  also,  the  new  brick  meeting-house  on  Yonge  Street,  five  miles 
north  of  the  town,  was  burned  down.  The  building  was  still  unfinished,  and  the 
carpenters  were  at  work,  when  a  spark  fell  among  the  shavings  and  the  chapel 
was  totally  destroyed.  It  was  rebuilt  without  delay  and  dedicated  on  the  26th 
of  May,  1832,  Rev.  E.  Ryerson  preaching  at  the  opening  services. 

Rev.  John  Ryerson  again  received  the  appointment  in  1831.  The  previous  re 
vival  had  spiritually  improved  the  Society,  and  his  powerful  preaching  acted  as 
a  stimulus  to  the  spreading  movement.  The  membership  had  run  up  to  264, 
while  the  Sunday-school  contained  150  scholars.  A  visit  was  made  among  the 
poorer  portions  of  the  town,  and  many  of  the  children  of  the  poor  were  clothed 
and  induced  to  attend  the  school.  Its  officers  for  that  year  were  :  President, 
Rev.  John  Ryerson  ;  Vice-president,  King  Barton  ;  Secretary,  Samuel  E.  Taylor  ; 
Assistant  Secretary,  Edward  Perry  ;  Treasurer,  John  Tyner  ;  Managing  Commit 
tee,  Joshua  Van  Allen,  R.  Woodsworth,  Wm.  Galbraith,  Christopher  Webb  and 
William  P.  Patrick.  Alexander  Hamilton  was  now  the  superintendent,  having 
succeeded  William  Carfrae  in  1830. 

Towards  the  close  of  the  year  ground  was  purchased  from  the  magistrates,  of 
what  was  then  called  the  "  public  square,"  at  the  corner  of  Toronto  and  Adelaide 
Streets,  on  which  it  was  proposed  to  erect  a  new  chapel,  which  was  afterwards 
known  as  "  Old  Adelaide." 


In  the  year  1832,  Rev.  Alexander  Irvine  was  accorded  the  station  by  Confer 
ence.  He  was  the  last  preacher  in  the  now  historic  church.  He  was  a  native  of 
Scotland,  where  he  had  received  a  good  English  education  to  which  he  had  added 
some  classical  attainments.  While  he  was  yet  young,  his  family  emigrated  to 
America,  where  he  was  converted  in  a  Methodist  Church. 

Subsequently  the  family  came  to  Canada,  and  settled  near  Belleville.  As  a 
local  preacher  he  showed  superior  talents,  and  he  was  recommended  by  Confer 
ence  to  travel.  He  again  returned  to  the  States,  and  there  engaged  in  the 
itinerancy,  and  remained  there  until  1831.  Here  he  was  located  by  Conference, 
and  entertained  an  idea  of  settling  on  a  farm,  but  was  induced  to  offer  himself  to 
the  Canada  Conference,  to  whom  his  fine  talents  and  nine  years'  experience  were 
sure  to  make  him  a  valuable  acquisition. 

In  person  he  was  not  handsome,  but  interesting.  He  was  above  the  medium 
height,  slight  in  build,  slightly  pockmarked,  and  very  intellectual  in  appearance. 
His  was,  perhaps,  rather  a  fine  and  tasteful  than  a  strong  mind.  He  would  have 
excelled  in  the  lighter  kinds  of  literature,  of  which  he  was  very  fond.  He  had  a 
fine  fancy,  and  was  a  good  rhymer  if  not  a  poet.  His  preaching  was  chaste, 
dignified,  graceful  and  correct.  He  was  kind,  amiable,  gifted,  and  lively  in  con 

He  spent  the  closing  year  in  the  King  Street  chapel,  and  the  opening  year  of 
the  old  Adelaide  Street  church  he  occupied  its  pulpit.  Some  two  years  after 
wards  he  emigrated  to  the  Western  States,  and  spent  some  time  in  retirement, 
where  he  died  in  the  year  1839. 

The  little  chapel  became  too  small  to  hold  the  overflowing  congregations. 
It  had  begun  its  career  with  a  membership  of  six,  and  now  two  hundred  and 
sixty-four  were  enrolled  upon  its  list.  When  the  new  Adelaide  Street  church 
was  built,  it  was  sold  and  turned  into  a  theatre,  and  instead  of  the  eloquence  of 
a  Ryerson  or  a  Metcalf ;  instead  of  the  pleading  of  a  Richardson  or  a  Smith ;  in 
stead  of  the  supplication  and  the  prayers  of  its  worshippers  ascending  to  the 
throne  of  the  Most  High  to  guard  them  well,  to  guide  them  in  the  narrow  way  ; 
there  was  heard  the  voice  of  gentle  Desdemona  in  her  woe,  or  Shylock  crying  for 
his  ducats  and  his  daughter. 

In   1833   the  building  on  King  street  used  as  a  church  by  the  Methodists 
became  a  theatre,  and  the  congregation  for  the  most  part  migrated  to  the  new 
church  on  Adelaide  Street. 

74  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

Let  us  for  a  few  moments  compare  the  King  Street  West  of  1820,  from  Yonge 
to  Bay  Streets,  when  the  first  church  was  built,  with  the  same  thoroughfare  as 
it  is  to-day  in  the  year  of  grace  1899.  Then  almost  the  only  houses  were  those 
of  Captain  Bowkett  on  the  north-west  corner  of  King  and  Yonge  Streets  where 
now  stand  the  palatial  offices  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway.  A  little  further 
west  on  the  northern  side  of  the  street  was  Mr.  Wilson's  house  with  a  lar^e 


orchard  at  the  back,  while  still  further  to  the  west  on  the  north-eastern  corner  of 
Bay  and  King  Streets  was  a  row  of  three  small  clapboarded  cottages  which  were 
only  pulled  down  in  1852.  On  the  opposite  side  Jordan  Post's  house  and  a 
blacksmith's  shop  were  almost  the  only  tenements  between  King  and  Bay 

Compare  that  state  of  things  with  King  Street  West  in  1899.  Now  in  all 
probability  the  assessment  value  of  even  the  smallest  house  or  place  of  business 
in  the  portion  of  the  thoroughfare  between  Yonge  and  Bay  Streets  is  greater  than 
that  of  all  the  dwellings  then  there,  put  together.  At  that  time,  except  in  mid  - 
winter  when  the  snow  was  deep  and  the  sleighing  good,  the  roadway  was  always 
either  ankle  deep  in  mud  or  dust,  nay  almost  impassable  at  times  through  the 
depths  of  the  former,  which  was  not  only  oftentimes  ankle  but  knee  deep  or  even 

"  But,  the  old  order  changeth  and  giveth  place  to  the  new,"  and  we  will  con 
clude  this  chapter  with  these  reminiscences  of  the  first  Methodist  Church  in 


George  Street  Church. 

HE  early  history  of  Methodism  of  Toronto  is  hard  to  comprehend 
unless  it  is  understood  that  many  of  the  large  families  hailing 
from  the  Motherland  regarded  the  nourishing  church  on  King 
Street  with  a  suspicion  that  its  congregation  looked  too  fondly 
upon  the  nation  to  the  south.  For  this  reason,  although  Episcopal 
Methodism  flourished  abundantly  on  account  of  its  priority  in  the 
field  and  the  strength  and  machine-like  management  of  its  magnificent  organi 
zation,  individual  families  kept  aloof,  holding  services  in  their  own  homes 
and  in  divers  places.  In  1830  these  families  met  once  a  week  to  worship  in  a 
small  schoolroom  on  the  north  side  of  Colborne,  a  little  east  of  Church  Street. 
Mr.  Newlove,  a  missionary  sent  from  England  to  aid  this  feeble  movement,  had 
died  in  Montreal,  en  route  to  his  destination. 

In  the  year  1831,  the  Rev.  Donald  Fraser,  of  the  British  Wesleyan  Conference, 
came  to  Canada  and  to  Toronto.  The  minutes  of  the  British  Conference  of  that 
year  record  that  the  Rev.  Donald  Fraser  voluntarily  retired  from  "  our  work." 

Sir  John  Colborne,  the  then  governor  of  Upper  Canada,  gave  Mr.  Fraser  a 
subscription  of  £10  currency  or  $40,  and  with  donations  and  assistance  of  several 
influential  men  of  the  town,  a  lot  of  land  was  purchased  on  the  east  side  of  George 
Street,  north  of  Duke  Street,  and  the  erection  of  a  church  edifice  was  begun, 


On  the  14th  day  of  July  in  the  year  1832,  it  was  dedicated  to  the  service 
of  God  by  the  Rev.  John  Hick,  a  missionary  from  England.  It  was  a  frame 
building  of  moderate  dimensions,  measuring  perhaps  thirty  by  sixty  feet,  weather 
boarded,  with  an  inclined  roof  like  an  English  schoolhouse,  the  gable  of  which 
pointed  to  the  west.  A  double  doorway  gave  admittance,  and  a  window  on 
either  side  made  it  of  the  regulation  style.  Within,  two  aisles  led  down  the 
audience-room  intersected  by  high-backed  pews  surmounbed  with  an  inch  of 
coping,  and  admittance  to  these  was  guarded  by  the  old-fashioned  doors  of  small 
dimensions.  The  windows  were  frosted ;  the  pulpit  high  and  ungainly,  while 
the  choir  sat  in  a  semi-circle  before  the  communion  rails  and  table. 




The  gallery,  supported  by  half-a-dozen  pillars,  ran  along  both  sides  as  well 
as  the  western  end,  and  the  church  had  a  seating  capacity  of  about  four  hundred. 
It  is  spoken  of  by  the  Guardian  of  that  day — which  paper  did  not  then  look  upon 
the  extra  church  with  especial  favor — as  "small,  but  neat."  It  was  painted  white 
on  the  outside  and  the  interior  was  homelike  and  pleasing. 

The  late  Senator  Macdonald,  who  afterwards  for  some  years  worshipped  within 
its  walls,  thus  refers  to  it  in  a  manuscript  lent  by  him  : 

"  It  was  as  unpretentious  a  church  building  as  could  well  be;  size  about  30 
feet  by  60  feet,  rough  cast,  gable  toward  the  street,  with  wooden  buildings  on 
either  side;  aisles  and  pews  narrow,  the  backs  of  the  pews  perfectly  straight,  with 
one  inch  coping;  building  inside  painted  drab,  stairs  to  the  gallery  straight  and 
narrow ;  no  vestry,  no  arrangement  for  choir,  lighted  with  oil  lamps  of  the  plain 
est  character." 

"  The  morning  and  evening  services  were  conducted  by  Rev.  John  Hick,  who 
was  one  of  the  most  acceptable  preachers  and  one  of  the  most  beloved  men  of  his 
time.  He  was  then  in  the  prime  of  his  manhood  and  in  the  heat  of  the  labor  of 
a  career  remarkably  successful  which  was  soon  to  be  closed  with  tragic  sud- 


denness.  He  was  born  in  Yorkshire,  England,  and  in  1815  was  sent  by  the 
mother  church  as  a  missionary  to  Prince  Edward  Island.  There  and  in  Upper 
and  Lower  Canada  he  worked  with  great  faithfulness  until  1834,  when  he  fell 
a  victim  to  malignant  cholera  which  was  then  raging  in  the  Lower  Province,  and 
died  on  the  3rd  day  of  August  in  the  city  of  Quebec.  The  suddenness  of  his  death 
can  be  realized  when  it  is  known  that  on  the  20th  of  July  he  preached  his  last 
sermon  and  held  his  last  quarterly  love-feast." 

"  The  Rev.  John  Barry  was  the  first  regularly-appointed  pastor  of  the  church. 
He,  too,  was  a  missionary  from  the  Motherland,  sent  to  Canada  with  nine  others 
in  response  to  the  urgent  appeal  made  by  Mr.  Fraser.  He  continued  to  minister 
to  the  little  congregation's  spiritual  wants  until  the  year  1833,  when  he  was 
removed  to  a  charge  in  the  city  of  Montreal  at  his  own  request,  as  he  was 
strongly— almost  bitterly — opposed  to  the  union  of  the  British  Wesleyans  and 
Canadian  Methodists  into  one  body  which  had  occurred  during  this  year." 

Mr.  Barry  remained  a  year  in  Montreal,  then  went  to  Bermuda  where  he 
ministered  until  1836,  when  he  went  for  the  benefit  of  his  health  to  England, 
being  shipwrecked  on  his  way  whilst  in  the  English  Channel,  when  he  narrowly 


escaped  death  by  drowning  but  lost  the  whole  of  his  library  and  personal 
effects.  For  a  time  he  sojourned  in  the  Isle  of  Guernsey,  then  again  returned  to 
Montreal  in  1837,  where  he  died  in  June,  1838.  To  continue  Mr.  Macdonald's 
narrative  : 

"  The  union  having  been  consummated,  the  preachers  frequently  alternated 
between  Adelaide  and  George  Streets  for  some  four  years.  In  the  first  year  of 
that  intervening  time  Rev.  Ingharn  Sutcliffe  occupied  the  pulpit ;  Thomas 
Turner,  Egerton  Ryerson,  Matthew  Lang,  John  C.  Davidson  and  Joseph  Stinson 
succeeding  in  their  turn." 

Rev.  Thomas  Turner  was  born  in  Coventry,  England,  in  1799.  At  the  age  of 
sixteen  he  accepted  Christ,  and  after  "repeated  solicitations  on  the  part  of  both 
ministers  and  people"  he  began  to  preach.  In  1825  he  was  sent  to  Canada.  He 
was  slight,  trim  arid  sprightly,  with  a  fair  complexion,  a  high  forehead  and  an 
intellectual  countenance.  Genteel  in  his  manners,  courteous  in  his  conversation, 
though  not  a  deep  thinker  or  a  profound  reasoner,  yet  his  genuine  piety,  combin 
ed  with  cordial  manners  and  a  gentle  heart,  made  him  popular  and  endeared  him 
to  his  congregation.  He  died  in  England  in  1860,  having  left  Canada  in  1841. 

Rev.  Matthew  Lang,  whose  memory  is  fragrant  with  pious  recollections,  was 
born  in  the  Emerald  Isle  in  1798,  and  was  reared  in  Lancashire,  England. 
Here  at  the  age  of  sixteen  he  was  converted,  and  at  the  age  of  twenty- 
five,  having  most  successfully  discharged  the  duties  of  local  preacher  and  ex- 
horter,  he  was  called  as  a  missionary  and  sent  to  Canada.  At  this  time  he  was 
a  picture  of  health  and  strength — young,  florid,  handsome,  zealous,  and  laborious, 
and  with  activity  which  never  seemed  to  weary  throughout  his  bright  career. 
On  the  21st  of  February,  1850,  he  died  suddenly  in  the  city  of  St.  John,  in  the 
military  barracks,  where  he  had  gone  to  conduct  a  class.  His  brethren  of  the 
Conference  paid  testimony  to  the  value  of  his  sterling  character  in  these  lines  : — 
"  He  maintained  an  unblemished  character  through  the  whole  of  his  public 
course,  and  was  eminently  distinguished  by  fervor  and  uniformity  of  zeal  in 
seeking  the  glory  of  Christ  and  the  salvation  of  men.  He  yielded  to  none  of 
his  brethren  in  attachment  to  the  doctrines  and  published  economy  of  Methodism, 
or  in  the  faithful  enforcement  of  its  discipline.  He  was  '  in  labor  more  abundant,' 
and  his  acceptable  ministry  was  signally  attended  with  the  Divine  blessing.  He 
sustained  with  honor  and  integrity  some  of  the  most  important  offices  in  his 

78  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

district,  and  was,  at  the  time  of  his  death,  chairman  of  the  Eastern  Canada 
District  and  general  superintendent  of  the  Missions.  " 

Mr.  Lang  filled  in  the  years  1835  and  1836  the  office  of  Book  Steward  for  the 
Conference  in  Toronto. 

Rev.  John  C.  Davidson  was  also  a  native  of  the  Emerald  Isle,  born  in  1801, 
but  came  to  Canada  in  early  years.  His  first  attempt  at  preaching  was  made 
in  a  school-house  in  Hallowell.  His  early  efforts  were  encouraoincr  delio-htino- 

O         i~i>  O  t5 

and  edifying  his  small  band  of  listeners.  He  afterwards  became  a  pulpit  orator 
of  great  ability  and  winning  eloquence.  During  the  sev  n  years'  rivalry  between 
the  English  and  the  Canadian  Methodists,  he  sided  with  the  Wesleyans,  and  in 
1854  after  their  second  union  he  joined  the  Anglican  Church,  and  his  eloquent, 
words  were  lost  to  Methodism  forever.  Again  quoting  John  Macdonald  : 

"  Rev.  Joseph  Stinson  was  born  in  Castle  Donington,  Leicestershire.  His  par 
ents  were  godly  in  walk  and  conversation,  and  before  his  twentieth  year  he  ac 
cepted  the  peace  that  "  passeth  all  understanding  "  in  the  town  of  Gainsboro', 
Lincolnshire,  a  few  miles  distant  from  where  John  Wesley  was  born. 

His  promising  talents  commanded  the  attention  of  the  church,  and  after  the 
usual  probation  and  acceptance  as  a  local  preacher  lie  was  proposed  and  accepted  for 
the  missionary  work.  In  1823  he  was  appointed  to  Eastern  Canada,  where  he 
first  labored  in  Melbourne,  and  where  are  to  be  seen  still  the  outcome  of  the  first 
fruits  of  his  Canadian  ministry." 

From  1828  to  1832  Mr.  Stinson  was  in  England,  then  from  1833  to  1835,  both 
years  inclusive,  at  Kingston,  Ont.  In  1836  he  came  to  Toronto  where  he 
remained  for  many  years. 

In  appearance  he  was  remarkably  comely  and  handsome.  He  was  of  average 
size,  deep-chested,  straight,  agile  and  strong.  "  Fair  and  florid  in  hair  and  face, 
with  a  restless,  brilliant  eye.  His  manners,  too,  were  sprightly  and  genteel. 
He  was  as  lovely  in  mind  as  in  person.  Although  there  was  no  cant  or  grimace 
about  him,  his  was  a  pure,  generous,  courageous  heart,  full  of  good  impulses,  well 
educated,  and  naturally  tasteful,  with  a  lively  though  not  lofty  imagination, 
joined  to  an  oratoned  voice,  no  wonder  he  was  popular."  He  was  Superintendent 
of  Missions  for  many  years,  and  President  of  Conference  in  1839  and  1840 
and  again  in  1858,  '59,  '60  and  '61.  His  ministry  in  George  Street,  and  his 
eloquent  preaching,  is  still  spoken  of  with  warmth  and  energetic  approval  by 
old  citizens  who  once  worshipped  there. 


The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  on  Mr.  Stinson  by  Victoria 
University  in  1856,  and  he  died  in  his  sixty-second  year,  on  August  26th,  1862. 
The  Rev.  Egerton  Ryerson  was  the  well-known  Superintendent  of  Education 
for  Upper  Canada,  His  career  commenced  in  1824  when  he  was  subject  to  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Conference,  in  1833-34  he  was  editor  of  the  Christian 
Guardian,  from  183  >  until  1837  he  labored  in  Kingston.  In  1838-39  was  again 
engaged  editing  the  Guardian,  and  remained  in  Toronto  until  1842  when  he 
became  Principal  of  Victoria  College,  Cobourg,  becoming  in  1845  Superintendent 
of  Education,  which  office  he  retained  until  February  21st,  1876,  when  he  resigned. 
He  died  in  Toronto,  February  19th,  1882. 

Before  the  close  of  the  year  1837  the  George  Street  church  was  closed  and  the 
congregation  moved  up  to  and  became  part  of  the  congregation  worshipping  in 
Adelaide  Street  church.  The  George  Street  building  was  then  rented  to  the 
Zion  Church  Congregational  body,  under  the  ministry  of  the  Rev.  John  Roaf 
who  had  been  holding  services  in  a  larger  building  in  the  centre  of  the  city  block 
on  Colborne  Street,  between  Church  Street  and  West  Market  Square.  The  lower 
portion  of  this  latter  building,  it  is  now  thought,  was  the  schoolroom  of  Mr.  Boyd, 
the  father  of  the  present  Chancellor  Boyd ;  and  the  upper  portion  was  the  then 
Masonic  Hall.  The  committee,  of  which  Mr.  William  Edwards,  of  the  Provincial 
Department  of  Public  Works,  was  a  member,  held  its  district  temperance  meet 
ings  in  the  schoolroom  portion  during  these  early  years. 

After  the  stirring  events  of  the  Mackenzie  riots  of  1837,  serious  disagreements 
sprang  up  between  the  British  Wesleyans  and  the  Canadian  Methodist  adherents 
in  respect  to  matters  of  public  policy  ;  and  all  efforts  to  adjust  these  differences 
having  failed,  the  union  of  1833  was  dissolved,  and  in  July  of  1840  a  large  num 
ber  of  the  official  and  ordinary  membership  of  the  church  and  congregation  sep 
arated  and  re-opened  for  service  the  old  George  Street  church  as  a  British 
Wesleyan  Church,  in  connection  with  the  English  Conference,  the  Congregational- 
ists  having  meanwhile  vacated  the  building  and  occupied  their  new  edifice  on 
the  north-east  corner  of  Bay  and  Adelaide  Streets. 

Among  the  families  in  this  removal  were  :  Mr.  Walker,  a  merchant  tailor, 
on  King  Street;  Mr.  Hamilton,  the  painter  and  paper-hanger;  Mr.  Storm, 
and  Mr.  Woodsworth,  both  carpenters  ;  Mr.  Baxter,  father  of  the  late  alder 
man,  who  possessed  a  remarkably  sweet  voice,  and  who  sang  in  Toronto 



churches  during  three  generations ;  Mr.  Bowes,  afterwards  mayor  of  the  city ; 
Mr.  A.  J.  Score,  the  tailor ;  Mr.  Bilton,  who  carried  on  the  same  business ;  the 
Osbornesand  Millers;  Mr.  Parry,  a  tailor;  Mr.  Williams,  a  cabinet-maker;  Mr. 
Armstrong,  a  stove  merchant  of  King  Street ;  Mr.  Hodgins,  a  schoolmaster ;  Mr. 
Stewart,  a  dry  goods  dealer,  on  King  Street ;  the  Clarksons,  Hamiltons,  Bulls, 
Watsons,  Goods,  Perkins  and  Kews ;  Mr.  Pitch,  who  had  built  not  only  Adelaide 
Street  church,  but  the  old  house  of  worship  on  King  Street  as  well ;  Mr.  Clarke, 
the  hatter,  whose  testamentary  bequest  originated  the  building  of  "  Old  Rich 
mond,"  and  others. 

In  reference  to  the  unfortunate  breaking-up  of  the  union,  the  minutes  of  the 
British  Conference  recorded  that  a  committee  had  been  appointed  "  to  take  the 
most  judicious  and  charitable  measures,  in  conjunction  with  the  Revs.  Eger- 
ton  Ryersori  and  Wm.  Egerton,  that  the  dissolution  of  the  union  may  not  be 
accepted  with  anything  that  might  produce  embittered  feelings  or  injure  mutual 

The  Rev.  Matthew  Richey,  D.D.,  father  of  the  ex-Governor  of  Nova  Scotia, 
and  Rev.  Joseph  Stinson,  D.D.,  father  of  Mr.  Stinson,  of  the  Ontario  Educa 
tional  Department,  were  the  joint  pastors  of  the  reorganized  British  Wesleyan 
congregation,  and  a  vigorous  and  hard-working  church  was  the  result. 

A  rapidly  increasing  membership,  a  growing  interest,  and  a  marked  expansion 
of  the  attendance  at  its  services  led  to  an  early  addition  of  about  twenty-five 
feet  to  the  length  of  the  building  and  the  extension  of  the  gallery. 

Preaching  services  and  Sabbath-schools  were  at  once  established  at  Yorkville 
and  Queen  Street  West,  and  small  red-brick  chapels,  cottage-roofed,  were  built  in 
1840  and  1841,  at  a  cost  <;f  about  $2,400  each.  The  Yorkville  edifice  continued 
to  be  so  used  until  the  congregation  erected  the  present  Central  Methodist 
church,  which  was  opened  in  the  year  1854  Then  this  old  chapel  became  the 
headquarters  of  the  Victoria  College  Medical  School,  subsequently  converted 
and  at  present  used  as  a  private  residence. 

The  Rev.  John  G.  Manly  occupied  the  pulpit  in  1841.  He  is  still  living  (1897), 
after  a  remarkable  career  of  no  less  than  sixty- three  years  spent  in  the  ministry, 
and  sixty-nine  years  spent  in  actual  labor,  and  resides  now  in  his  old  age  amid 
the  tree-clothed  hills  of  Deer  Park.  He  was  born  in  1814,  in  the  County  of  Kil- 
dare,  Ireland,  and  was  raised  upon  a  farm.  In  1829  he  came  to  Canada,  and  a 


year  afterwards  he  was  converted  at  a  meeting  held  in  Boyd's  neighborhood,  in 
the  township  of  Lanark.  He  immediately  joined  the  Methodists  and  became  an 
exhorter  and  a  local  preacher  of  power  and  ability.  For  two  years  he  filled 
the  pulpits  in  the  surrounding  districts  when  occasion  required,  doing  a  great 
deal  of  walking  to  keep  appointments.  He  then  entered  the  ministry  under  the 
supervision  of  Rev.  James  Brock,  a  man  of  noble  qualities  and  great  ability, 
who  is  still  alive  (1897). 

For  four  years  he  preached  on  probation  at  Clarendon,  on  the  banks  of  the 
Ottawa  river.  His  district  here  included  two  townships,  one  on  each  side  of  the 
river,  which  at  this  point  widens  to  the  lake,  and  frequently  he  paddled  in  a 
canoe  the  three  miles'  trip  to  fill  appointments.  The  second  year  he  labored  in 
Prescott  and  Augusta,  assisting  Dr.  Richey  ;  the  third  year  was  spent  in  Kings 
ton  with  Dr.  Stinson ;  and  the  fourth  in  Peterboro'  with  the  gentle  George  Poole. 
He  was  ordained  in  Kingston  in  1838 ;  then  spent  two  years  in  Picton,  and  was 
located  in  Hamilton  when  the  union  between  Wesleyan  and  Canadian  Method 
ism  was  dissolved.  He  spent  some  time  in  Lower  Canada  and  came  to  Toronto 
and  worked  once  more  in  company  with  Dr.  Richey.  Having  spent  two  more 
years  in  Hamilton,  he  was  sent  by  the  English  Wesleyans,  to  whom  he  had 
adhered,  as  a  missionary  to  the  island  of  Jamaica,  where  he  became  an  intimate 
friend  of  the  late  Senator  Macdonald,  and  where  his  labors  were  abundantly 
crowned  with  success.  He  then  went  to  England  in  1843,  and  returned  to 
Jamaica  in  1844,  where  he  remained  until  1851,  when  he  joined  the  Congrega- 
tionalists  and  once  again  went  to  England,  living  there  until  1856,  when  he  took 
up  his  residence  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  where  he  continued  to  reside  until  1865, 
when  once  more  he  crossed  the  ocean  and  came  back  to  Toronto,  where  he  became 
pastor  of  Zion  Congregational  Church,  holding  that  charge  until  1873,  when  he 
resigned  his  pastorate  and  once  more  entered  into  fellowship  with  the  Methodists 
and  spent  two  years  as  a  missionary  to  the  French  in  Lower  Canada,  and  five 
years  in  educational  work.  After  this  wonderful  life  of  ceaseless  labor  he  is  still 
full  of  vitality,  and  his  voice  still  rings  with  its  old  resonance  as  he  dwells  upon 
the  themes  near  unto  his  heart.  His  hair  is  white,  his  form  is  stooped,  but,  from 
his  eagle  countenance,  the  clear,  blue  eyes  glance  keenly  as  of  yore;  his  com 
manding  gestures  and  manners  impressing  his  hearers  that  the  bent  form  still 
enfolds  a  character  of  fearless  and  untiring  industry,  that  pursued  with  a  stern 



determination  which  naught  could  turn  aside,  wherever  duty  pointed  or  his  Mas 
ter  called.  In  1845,  in  the  island  of  Jamaica,  he  wedded  Miss  Beatty.  Through 
out  the  years  she  has  been  his  steadfast  companion,  and  she  still  survives.  His 
son,  Charles  Manly,  is  a  landscape  painter  of  acknowledged  merit  and  well- 
deserved  fame. 

Rev.  John  P.  Hetherington,  his  successor  in  the  pulpit  of  George  Street  church, 
was  a  native  of  the  Emerald  Isle,  having  been  born  in  Queen's  County.  He  was 
the  son  of  a  preacher  in  the  Primitive  Wesleyan  connection,  which  were  then 
termed  "  Clonites."  At  tiie  age  of  sixteen  years  he  had  given  God  his  heart,  and 
soon  began  to  preach.  His  efforts  at  once  commanded  much  attention.  In  1827 
he  was  received  on  probation  by  the  British  Conference,  and  in  the  year  follow 
ing  he  was  sent  to  Canada  as  a  missionary.  His  official  obituary  says  :  "  He  was 
a  man  of  great  decision  of  character.  While  he  was  naturally  modest  and  retir 
ing,  he  was  firm  of  purpose.  Tenderness  of  feeling  and  kindness  of  manner  ren 
dered  his  attentions  peculiarly  acceptable  in  cases  of  sickness  and  distress.  In 
social  converse,  he  was  both  winning  and  instructive,  and  his  whole  bearing  ren 
dered  religion  lovely  and  alluring.  Few  men  had  more  friends  than  he.  His  style 
in  preaching  was  clear,  concise  and  forcible ;  his  sermons  being  lively  enforce 
ments  of  divine  truth.  He  was  so  much  beloved  that  he  was  retained  for  three 
consecutive  years  in  Toronto,  which  was,  at  that  time,  a  remarkably  long  period, 
for  in  those  days  the  itinerants  were  moved  every  twelve  months."  Mr.  Hether 
ington  died  January  Kith,  1861,  in  his  62nd  year. 

His  colleague,  during  the  last  two  years  of  his  ministry  here,  was  the  Rev. 
John  B.  Selley,  M.D.  ;  he,  too,  was  a  missionary  from  the  mother  church.  In  his 
early  years  of  manhood  he  was  trained  for  the  medical  profession,  but  having 
accepted  Christ,  he  gave  up  his  practice  to  preach  the  gospel.  In  1837,  on  the 
16th  day  of  October,  he  had  landed  in  Montreal  in  company  with  Mr.  Harvard, 
and  entered  at  once  upon  his  duties  in  the  new  land.  In  1813  he  was  appointed 
to  Toronto,  and  he  has  left  a  short  reference  to  his  labors  here  in  his  manuscript 
reminiscences,  which  we  quote  :  "  My  next  appointment  was  Toronto,  with  the 
Rev.  J.  P.  Hetherington.  We  labored  two  years  together  very  happily,  being 
associated  with  a  large-hearted  and  noble  people,  who  encouraged  and  sustained 
us  by  their  personal  efforts  and  cheerful  liberality  and  earnest  prayers.  We  had 
three  churches  to  supply— George  Street,  Lot  (now  Queen)  Street,  and  Yorkville. 


Our  congregations  increased.     The  old  George  Street  church  being  too  small,  the 
erection  of  Richmond  Street  church  was  determined  on." 

After  leaving  Toronto  Dr.  Selley  went  to  Lower  Canada,  thence,  in  1847,  to 
the  Bahamas  and  remained  in  the  West  Indies  until  1852,  when  he  returned  to 
Lower  Canada  where  he  died,  at  Chambly,  aged  72,  on  May  10th,  1880.  Senator 
Macdonald's  story  continues  : 

"  The  old  George  Street  church  had  a  noble  army  of  local  preachers,  class  and 
prayer  leaders,  and  earnest  workers,  among  whom  can  be  remembered  Richard 
Woodsworth,  Alexander  Hamilton,  John  Rogers,  Samuel  Shaw,  Charles  Ramond, 
Jonathan  Dunn,  James  Price,  Henry  Leadley,  Thomas  Storm,  Joseph  Wilson, 
William  Osborne,  George  and  Thomas  Bilton,  John  Sterling,  Thos.  Clarke,  Henry 
Parry,  J.  Parkiss,  John  Macdonald,  (the  late  Senator),  and  many  others.  Its 
local  preachers  regularly  tilled  appointments  at  Tliornhill,  Richmond  Hill,  Isling 
ton,  Scarborough,  Davenport,  and  other  suburban  localities.  Among  the  members 
of  the  church  and  congregation  was  Miss  Shaw,  who  was  betrothed  to  the  immor 
tal  Brock  at  the  time  of  his  heroic  death  at  Queenston  Heights.  Miss  Shaw  never 
married,  and  remained  a  member  of  the  Wesley  an  body  until  the  time  of  her 
death  a  few  years  ago.  Among  other  members  of  the  church  and  congregation 
were :  Thomas  Clarkson,  Robert  Hawke,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ephraim  Butt,  James 
Butt,  the  Graingers,  and  others  whose  names  have  passed  from  memory. 

"  Before  the  final  closing  of  George  Street  edifice,  at  the  completion  of  their  new 
church,  the  official  board  had  established  a  preaching  station  and  Sunday-schoo 
at  the  old  fire-hall,  then  situated  at  the  corner  of  Duke  and  Berkeley  Streets, 
which  finally  resulted  in  the  erection  of  Berkeley  Street  church,  and  Henry  Parry 
and  the  late  Senator  Macdonald  were  its  first  superintendents.  The  only  minister 
now  living  who  ministered  to  the  spiritual  needs  of  this  godly  congregation  is 
the  venerable  Mr.  Manly,  whose  name  will  long  live  in  the  annals  of  the  Church. 
All  the  rest  have  passed  to  their  reward.  The  late  Senator  Macdonald,  who, 
although  a  Presbyterian  and  a  member  of  the  old  Church  of  St.  Andrew's,  then 
standing  upon  the  southwest  corner  of  Church  and  Adelaide  Streets,  had  gradu- 
allv  become  an  adherent  of  the  warmer  fellowship  in  the  Methodist  Church,  has 
left  an  interesting  account  of  the  times,  which  we  quote :  "  The  congregation  of 
George  Street  church  was  somewhat  different  (from  St.  Andrew's).  No  profes 
sional  man,  either  physician  or  lawyer,  was  found  among  its  worshippers.  It  had 

84  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

several  who  were  engaged  in  business,  but  none  whose  business  was  large  enough 
to  be  remarkable.     It  had  a  monopoly  of  the  merchant  tailors  and  master  shoe 
makers  of  the  city.    Among  the  former  of  these  were  George  Bilton,  Eichard  Score, 
Charles  and  William  Walker;  among  the  latter,  John  Stirling,  Nixon,  Simpson, 
Sheppard,  Duyrea,  Morgan,  not  to  forget  an  old  colored  man,  whose  name  was 
Truss,  and  whose  place  of  business  was  on  the  north  side  of  King  Street,  about 
six    doors  west  of  George   Street.      Then  of  builders :    Richard   Woodsworth, 
Thomas  Storm,   Mr.  Harborn,  James  Price,  old    Mr.  Purkiss,  the  boat-builder, 
straight  and  true  as  the  keels  of  the  vessels  which  he  laid ;  Alexander  Hamilton, 
the  painter;  Samuel  Shaw,  the  cutler;  John  Bowes,  afterwards  Mayor  of  the 
city,  its  representative  in  Parliament,  and  one  of  its  leading  wholesale  merchants  ; 
John  Eastwood,  in  the  dry  goods  trade,  now  one  of  the  substantial  merchants  of 
the  city  still  actively  engaged  in  business  ;  old  Mr.  Brown,  the  bookbinder,  the 
father  of  Brown  Bros.,  book  manufacturers,  King  Street ;  Mr.  Mason,  the  father 
of  William  Mason,  who  more  than  any  other  man,  after  Dr.  Punshon,  was  the 
soul  of  the  movement  connected  with  the  building  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  ; 
Herbert,  Thomas,  and  Alfred  are  also  his  sons  ;  Mr.  Mathews,  father  of  Messrs. 
Mathews,  the  picture  dealers,  Yonge  Street ;   John  Rogers,  who  kept  a  second 
hand  bookstall  in  the  market,  around  whose  stall  the  clergymen  of  the  city  might 
often  be  found;  William   Hill,  the   father  of  Alderman  Hill,   of  this  city ;  Mr. 
Morphy   and  his    sous  John  and   Edward ;    Mr.    Watson,  a    tinsmith ;    Charles 
Ramm, ;  the  Edwards  Brothers,  Tamblyn,  Parry,  and  others. 

"  Many  of  these  were  men  of  large  means  and  all  were  highly  respected.  They 
all  took  positions,  and  exerted  an  influence  greater  than  could  have  been  expected 
from  their  opportunities.  In  fact,  they  were  all  men  greater  than  their  oppor 
tunities.  Whatever  else  they  were,  they  were  intensely  British,  and  as  between 
themselves  and  the  Canadian  Methodists  worshipping  in  the  Newgate  Street 
church  there  was  no  intercourse— I  fear  there  was  no  friendly  feeling.  '  Certain 
it  is  that  they  had  no  more  to  do  with  each  other  than  had  the  Jews  with  the 

"  Nothing  can  give  a  better  insight  into  the  character  of  those  men  than  the 
position  of  Methodism  to-day,  not  in  this  city  only,  but  in  this  Dominion ;  for 
while  I  do  not  desire  to  take  from  any  other  agency  one  hair's  breadth  of  what  it 
may  be  entitled  to  claim  in  bringing  about  this  development,  yet  greater  far  than 


that  of  any  other  was  the  power  and  influence  that  was  exerted  in  the  old 
George  Street  church. 

"  It  was  to  the  George  Street  church  that  every  other  church  in  the  connexion 
looked  ;  its  action  determined  the  action  of  the  others.  The  best  men  in  the  body 
filled  its  pulpit  *md  ministered  to  its  people ;  it  was  from  George  Street  that  the 
church  removed  to  the  Richmond  Street  church,  the  Cathedral  of  Methodism,  which 
more  than  any  church  in  its  day  was  the  centre  of  great  evangelistic  gatherings, 
and  which,  having  outlived  its  usefulness,  has  recently  passed  into  the  hands  of 
the  Book  Room  Committee,  to  be  used  for  Connexional  purposes. 

"The  sabbath  services  of  the  George  Street  congregation  were  as  follows:  A 
prayer  meeting  in  the  church  in  the  summer  at  six  a.m.,  and  in  the  winter  at 
seven  ;  Sunday-school  at  nine  a.m.  ;  service  at  eleven  ;  Sunday-school  at  two  ; 
service  at  six.  After  evening  service,  a  band  of  workers,  called  prayer-leaders,  in 
companies  of  three  and  four,  went  to  the  discharge  of  their  duties,  their  field  ex 
tending  from  Berkeley  Street  to  the  asylum,  finding  their  way  home  when  the 
distance  was  extended  about  ten  o'clock  p.m.  During  the  week,  prayer-meeting, 
Monday  ;  preaching,  Thursday  ;  classes,  Tuesday  and  Wednesday.  Was  not  this 
too  heavy  a  strain  for  young  men  on  Sunday  who  had  to  be  busily  employed 
throughout  the  week  ?  I  arn  unable  to  answer  that  question.  They  were  young, 
healthy  and  enthusiastic.  They  liked  it,  nor  did  it  seem  to  do  them  any  harm 
or  to  unfit  them  for  the  satisfactory  discharge  of  their  duties. 

"  Two  names  only  can  I  recall  who  attended  these  early  morning  meetings,  one, 
that  of  Mr.  F.  S.  Keough,  always  at  his  post,  never  late.  I  have  seen  him  out  in 
the  most  terrible  snowstorm  with  work  performed  before  seven  a.m.,  which  must 
have  cost  him  hours  of  labor.  He  was  a  worthy  man.  His  time  was  given  during 
the  week  to  the  collection  of  accounts,  in  which  business  he  was  most  successful. 
Indeed,  when  all  other  plans  had  failed  in  getting  old  accounts,  Foster  was  re 
garded  as  the  last  resort ;  and  if  he  could  not  collect  it,  it  might  with  great  safety 
be  written  off  as  a  bad  debt.  He  was  the  terror  of  all  who  were  bad  pay. 

"  The  morning  Sunday-school  had  a  distinct  superintendent  from  the  afternoon 
school,  and  in  some  instances  a  distinct  class  of  scholars  and  teachers.  A  branch 
school  was  formed  from  the  George  Street  school  at  the  corner  of  Duke  and 
Berkeley  Streets,  of  which  Mr.  Henry  Parr  was  superintendent.  He  was  a  most 
enthusiastic  Sabbath-school  worker.  He  came  to  this  country  about  1842,  was 

86  THE   HISTORY   OF    THE 

a  most  worthy  and  respected  member  of  the  church,  with  which  he  continued  to 
be  connected  until  1852,  when  he  died  of  cholera.  He  was  one  of  the  most  re 
gular  attendants  at  Sabbath-school  morning  prayer-meetings  already  referred  to. 
"  It  was  therefore  upon  a  Sabbath  evening,  in  the  early  autumn  of  1842  that 
I  found  myself  for  the  first  time  in  a  Methodist  chapel.  It  was  the  old  George 
Street  building,  standing  there  to-day  with  the  side  toward  the  street  and  con 
verted  into  three  rough-cast  dwelling-houses.  The  preacher  was  the  Rev.  John 
C.  Davidson.  I  am  not  going  to  swell  the  volume  of  this  article  by  any  account 
of  the  circumstances  which  led  to  the  unhappy  differences  between  what  might 
be  called  the  British  and  Canadian  Wesleyans,  and  which  culminated  in  1840  in 
the  withdrawal  of  the  Wesleyan  Conference  in  England  from  the  articles  of  union 
agreed  to  by  the  two  bodies  in  1833,  other  than  saying  each  party  felt  it  was 
right.  The  preachers  who  withdrew,  and  became  consequently  associated  with 
the  British  Conference,  were :  William  Case,  Ephraim  Evans,  John  Douse,  Ben 
jamin  Slight,  James  Norress,  Thomas  Fawcett,  William  Scott,  James  Brock,  John 
G.  Manly,  Charles  B.  Goodrich  and  Edward  Stoney.  It  will  thus  be  seen  that 
John  C.  Davidson,  of  whom  I  am  now  writing,  whose  name  appears  as  the  Sec 
retary  of  the  Conference,  gave  his  adhesion  to  the  Canadian  Church  ;  his  name 
appears  as  the  chairman  of  the  Bay  of  Quinte  District,  and  Superintendent  of 
Missions  within  the  bounds  of  his  district.  To  the  question  in  the  minutes  of 
Conference  taken  at  Picton,  from  the  8th  to  the  13th  June,  1842:  'What 
preachers  have  withdrawn  from  the  church  this  year  ? '  we  have  the  answer : 
'  John  C.  Davidson.'  I  am  not  in  a  position  to  state  why  it  was  that  he  did  not 
go  out  with  the  fifteen  already  named,  or  what  the  cause  was  which  led  him  to 
take  the  course  here  indicated. 

"  It  is  enough  to  state  that,  as  1  saw  him  for  the  first  time,  he  had  charge  of  an 

'  O 

evening  service  in  George  Street  church.  He  was  a  tall,  broad-chested,  but  not 
by  any  means  a  powerfully-built  man,  with  a  thoughtful  face,  an  intellectual  head, 
a  voice  somewhat  thin  and  peculiar,  though  in  some  respects  attractive;  his 
manner  was  solemn  and  impressive,  dealing  in  the  verities  of  the  gospel,  indulg 
ing  rarely,  if  at  all,  in  illustration,  yet  making  his  hearers  realize  that  he  himself 
felt  the  importance  of  all  that  he  said.  He  wore  glasses  and  altogether  was  a 
notable  figure.  His  voice  was  plaintive  and  his  whole  manner  completely  de 
void  of  anything  which  would  lead  one  to  suppose  that  he  was  doing  anything 


for  effect.  He  subsequently  connected  himself  with  the  Church  of  England,  for 
what  cause  I  cannot  tell,  laboring  in  the  Province  of  Quebec,  where  he  died 
recently  in  his  82nd  year. 

"  The  pulpit,  like  everything  in  the  church,  was  severely  plain.  The  day  of 
platform  and  reading-desk  was  not  yet ;  the  ascent  to  this  one  was  narrow  and 
steep,  and  the  pulpit  itself  sufficiently  high  to  afford  space  below  it  for  the  books 
of  the  Sunday-school  library. 

"  The  choir  sat  within  the  communion  rail,  and  were  greatly  crowded.  The 
leader  was  Mr.  Booth,  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Booth ;  his  two  daughters  were 
also  in  the  choir.  Alderman  Baxter,  then  a  very  slender  young  man,  was  a 
member ;  his  father,  strangely  enough,  being  the  leader  of  the  choir  in  St. 
Andrew's  Church,  although  formerly  connected  with  the  George  Street  church  ; 
a  superb  voice  he  had.  There  were  several  violins,  one  or  more  flutes,  a  violon 
cello,  played  by  a  Mr.  Harrison,  a  marble  cutter ;  there  were  other  instruments, 
and  a  number  of  singers  whose  names  I  cannot  recall.  The  singing  was  very 
good ;  none  better  was  there  in  the  city.  The  hymns  were  lined,  the  minister 
reading  two  lines,  the  choir  singing  these,  and  this  being  continued  until  the 
hymn  was  ended,  the  last  two  lines  being  in  every  case  repeated.  How  strong 
do  habits  become  ;  I  remember  with  what  regret  I  witnessed  the  abandonment  of 
this  old  habit,  which  to  many  people  had  become  an  essential  part  of  worship. 

"  It  was  the  old  hymn  book  that  was  used,  in  many  respects  better  than  the 
one  in  use  at  present.  Better,  because  we  had  the  hymns  as  the  writer  wrote 
them,  not  only  as  to  the  language,  but  as  to  the  arrangement.  Better,  because 
we  had  the  singular  form  of  the  pronoun  (which,  in  an  act  of  worship,  better  ex 
presses  one's  devotion)  than  the  plural,  for  which  in  so  many  instances  it  has  been 
substituted,  to  the  evident  weakening  of  the  hymn.  Better,  because  we  had  a 
vastly  more  elaborate  index  of  the  classification  of  subjects,  as  well  as  of  the 
passages  of  scripture  paraphrased.  Better,  because  we  had  not  only  the  first 
line  of  each  hymn,  but  the  first  line  of  the  following  verses,  which  is  now  want 
ing,  at  least  in  some  of  the  books.  Better,  because  the  book  contained  no 
religious  poems,  which  really  should  have  no  place  in  a  religious  hymnal ;  as  for 
example,  Montgomery's  poem  on  prayer,  very  fine,  but  not  suitable  for  worship, 
not  addressed  to  God,  the  Divine  Being,  save  the  last  verse. 

"  Let  us  notice  a  few  of  those  who  were  found  among  the  worshippers  at  the  old 

88  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

George  Street  church.  Sitting  not  far  from  the  door,  and  on  the  right-hand  of 
the  south  aisle,  was  Thomas  Clarke,  the  hatter.  He  was  a  Yorkshireman,  I 
think— a  magnificent  specimen  of  a  man.  His  business  was  one  of  the  most 
prosperous  of  its  kind  in  the  city,  and  was  carried  on  at  the  second  door  from  the 
corner  of  King  and  Yonge  Streets,  on  the  south  side,  where  he  died  after  a  few 
days'  illness,  in  his  forty-second  year.  Dr.  Widmer,  at  the  post-mortem,  dis 
covered  a  growth  of  a  character  hitherto  unknown  to  the  profession,  which 
neither  he  nor  his  associates  could  have  conceived,  and  which  had  they  known 
existed  could  have  done  nothing  to  afford  relief.  He  bequeathed  all  his  property 
to  the  church,  some  £1,600,  coupled  with  a  condition  of  an  annuity  durino-life  to 
his  widow,  which  sum  was  paid  by  the  trustees.  It  was  this  bequest  which  led 
to  the  erection  of  the  Richmond  Street  church. 

"  At  the  extreme  end  on  the  same  side  sat  Mr.  John  G.  Bowes,  then  rapidly 
coining  to  the  front  as  an  enterprising  merchant.  His  sister,  Mrs.  Samuel  E. 
Taylor,  a  very  godly  woman,  was  connected  with  the  Canadian  VVesleyans,  yet 
often  worshipping  with  her  brother.  There  also  sat  in  the  pew  Mrs.  Moore,  a 
very  estimable  lady,  a  widow,  who  afterwards  became  the  wife  of  Mr.  Fred. 
Perkins.  On  the  left-hand  side  of  this  same  same  aisle,  and  by  the  door,  were 
two  square  pews,  higher  by  some  fourteen  inches  than  the  others ;  these  were 
enclosed  by  a  crimson  moreen  curtain.  In  the  one  on  this  side  sat  Alexander 
Hamilton  and  his  family,  long  the  leading  painter  and  paper-hanger  of  the  city. 
He  was  a  man  of  generous  impulses,  well  read,  and  although  never  sparing  him 
self  from  every  kind  of  hard  work,  never  succeeded  in  placing  himself  in  the 
strong  financial  position  which  his  attention  to  his  business  would  have  se 
cured.  Mr.  Joseph  Wilson  came  next,  who  with  Jacques  &  Hay  controlled 
the  cabinet-making  business  of  the  city. 

"  Richard  Woodsworth  came  next  in  order.  He  also  was  a  fine  specimen  of  a 
man,  a  builder,  a  Yorkshireman.  He  was  class  leader,  a  local  preacher,  and  no 
man  in  the  George  Street  church  was  more  highly  respected  or  wielded  a  greater 
influence.  The  respected  Superintendent  of  Missions  in  the  North- West  in  con 
nection  with  the  Methodist  Church,  who  is  doing  so  good  a  work,  is  his  son,  be 
sides  whom  he  has  another  son  in  the  Methodist  ministry  occupying  a  very 
creditable  position.  Mr.  Thomas  Storm  occupied  a  position  opposite,  and  was, 
like  Mr.  Woodsworth,  a  builder ;  his  son  is  the  well-known  architect  of  this 


city,  whose  firm,  when  associated  with  Mr.  Cumberland,  carried  out  the  works  of 
the  University  college  and  other  important  buildings  in  the  city. 

"  Entering  from  the  other  door,  we  had  in  the  curtained  pew  on  the  south  of 
the  north  aisle,  Mr.  Samuel  Shaw,  who  was  an  Irishman,  a  class  leader  and  most 
regular  in  his  attendance  at  the  services.  He  carried  on  a  large  hardware  busi 
ness,  and  was  the  father  of  Mr.  Samuel  Shaw  of  this  city.  Then  followed  the 
Walkers,  C.  and  W.,  and  their  families ;  the  Butts  and  others,  on  the  north  side 
of  the  aisle ;  Mr.  Harborn,  another  builder,  who  died  about  the  time  of  which  I 
am  writing ;  he  was  also  a  local  preacher ;  old  Mr.  Perkins,  the  boat-builder,  to 
whom  I  have  referred,  and  whom  Dr.  Scadding  refers  to  in  his  "  Toronto  of 
Old ; "  James  Price  ;  John  Eastwood,  then  a  comparatively  young  man,  also 
referred  to,  and  still  in  business ;  the  Osbornes  ;  the  Wheelers,  and  others.  At 
the  extreme  end  of  the  aisle,  and  on  the  right  side  of  the  pulpit,  was  the 
minister's  pew,  where  in  succession  sat  the  Davidsons,  the  Richeys,  the  Hether- 
ingtons,  the  Selleys,  the  Cooneys,  and  all  that  goodly  company  whose  names 
fragrantly  cluster  among  the  memories  of  those  never-to-be-forgotten  days.  Mr. 
James  Trotter,  the  assessor,  a  very  worthy  man,  sat  in  the  gallery  ;  Mr.  Crossley, 
now  of  Hamilton,  also  of  Simpson  &  Crossley.  There  were  a  goodly  number 
of  colored  people— Phillips,  Addison,  Abbott,  Mink,  Smallwood  and  Truss,  who, 
however,  sat  downstairs,  and  whom  I  can  never  forget,  were  it  from  no  other 
cause  than  the  one  to  which  I  now  refer.  As  Rev.  M.  Richey  (afterwards  Dr. 
Richey)  was  closing  his  Sabbath  evening  service  upon  one  occasion,  he  said  in  his 
solemn  and  impressive  manner,  "  After  we  have  sung  the  next  verse  our  vener 
able  Father  Truss  will  lead  us  in  prayer."  To  me  this  was  something  wonder 
fully  new.  Who  was  the  venerable  Father  Truss  ?  Would  he  go  up  into  the 
pulpit  ?  While  thus  thinking,  the  deep,  full  voice  of  the  venerable  black  man, 
whose  head  was  thickly  silvered  over,  was  heard  in  the  language  of  prayer  so 
suitable  and  so  impressive,  that  all  who  were  present  felt  its  influence,  so  that 
the  occasion  can  never  be  forgotten. 

"  Some  of  the  other  colored  men  were  remarkable  men,  and  were  members  of 
the  quarterly  meeting  and  local  preachers;  these  were  Phillips,  Addison  and 
Smallwood.  Abbott  was  a  man  possessed  of  a  large  amount  of  real  estate,  and 
when  he  died  was  supposed  to  be  worth  $100,000.  Mink  was  the  leading 
livery  stable*  keeper,  and  was  also  supposed  to  be  a  wealthy  man.  Great  num- 
*  His  place  of  business  was  on  Adelaide  Street  East,  where  now  stands  the  General  Post  Office.-ED. 


bers  of  young  men  flocked  to  the  services,  and  in  the  evenings  at  the  close  of 
the  service  were  seen  arranging  themselves  into  those  select  groups  which  had 
so  much  to  do  in  the  case  of  so  many  of  them  in  determining  their  future. 

"  The  senior  preacher  on  the  circuit  was  the  Rev.  Matthew  (afterwards  Dr.) 
Richey.  When  it  is  claimed  that  he  was  the  most  eloquent  preacher  in  the  city, 
the  statement  is  one  which  will  not  be  questioned.  He  was  an  Irishman ;  he 
must  have  been  then  about  forty  years  of  age,  of  fine  presence,  voice  so  full, 
deep  and  musical,  that  it  might  well  be  said  to  be  phenomenal ;  faultless  as  a 
reader,  it  was  a  rare  treat  to  hear  him  read  the  Word  of  God.  His  pulpit  efforts 
were  marked  by  a  solemn  and  devotional  spirit,  his  prayers  were  in  striking 
contrast  to  that  hasty,  irreverent  manner  which  characterizes  the  approaches  of 
so  many,  in  our  day,  to  the  Throne  of  Grace.  Little  wonder  was  it  that  his  name 
at  that  time  would  attract  as  many  as  the  building  would  hold,  and  more.  Some 
idea  may  be  had  of  the  ground  which  he  would  have  to  cover  in  reaching  his 
work,  when  it  is  stated  that  the  parsonage  was  on  the  north  side  of  Queen  Street, 
say  half-way  between  Spadina  Avenue  and  Bathurst  Street,  so  that  while  he  was 
near  enough  to  the  Queen  Street  church,  the  George  Street  church  must  have 
been  nearly  three  miles  from  his  residence,  the  Yorkville  church  about  as  far. 
He  had  at  one  time  resided  on  George  Street,  near  the  church,  but  had  removed 
in  the  year  1838.  His  name  stands  in  connection  with  Cobourg  as  principal  of 
the  Upper  Canada  Academy. 

"  His  sermon  having  reference  to  the  death  of  Mr.  Thomas  Clarke,  who  has  been 
referred  to,  was  a  very  memorable  occasion  ;  his  text  was,  '  O  death,  where  is  thy 
stino-  ?  O  grave,  where  is  thy  victory  ? '  1  Cor.  xv.,  55-57.  Unable  to  control 
himself  he  broke  completely  down,  while  the  congregation  sobbed  aloud  ;  some 
time  elapsed  before  he  became  sufficiently  composed  to  continue  his  sermon.  No 
such  scene  had  I  ever  witnessed  before,  nor  have  I  ever  seen  since. 

"  About  this  time  I  attended  in  the  George  Street  church  a  missionary  meeting. 
There  was  the  orthodox  platform,  and  the  speakers,  with  chairman  and  secretary  ; 
all  this  was  new  to  me.  The  story  of  the  toils  and  triumphs  of  Rev.  James 
Evans  among  the  Indians  of  the  Hudson  Bay  Territory  had  invested  the  mission 
ary  meetings  with  wonderful  interest.  Before  the  hour  of  meeting  the  church 
would  be  well  filled,  and  when  the  services  commenced  the  building  would  be 
packed.  Extracts  were  read  from  his  letters  ;  earnest  speakers  referred  to  them  in 


such  a  way  as  to  arouse  in  the  hearers  a  missionary  spirit.  It  is  not  too  much  to 
say  that  the  missionary  cause  of  the  Methodist  Church  in  the  old  Yonge  Street 
building  had  given  to  it  such  an  impetus  as  it  has  never  lost,  and  that  the 
wonderful  results  of  to-day  may  with  all  safety  be  traced  to  those  days  marked 
by  so  much  earnestness  and  enthusiasm. 

"  And  then  John  Sunday — Sha-wan-dais — was  there ;  in  many  respects  one  of 
the  most  remarkable  of  those  Indians  who  became  teachers  to  their  brethren 
Having  had  few  opportunities  of  improving  his  mind,  his  force  consisted  in  that 
shrewd  mother  wit  which  he  had  inherited,  intensified  and  turned  to  the  best 
account  by  the  grace  of  God.  All  his  utterances  were  forcible,  and  the  marvel 
was,  that  with  his  limited  knowledge  of  our  language,  he  could  always  speak  so 
as  to  edify  a  white  congregation. 

"I  heard  him  upon  one  of  these  occasions  tell  that,  when  a  boy,  he  was  in  the 
camp  during  an  engagement  between  the  British  and  American  forces,  when  a 
spent  cannon  ball  stopped  as  it  had  reached  his  feet.  He  said,  '  I  take  him  up 
and  put  him  in  cannon,  and  send  him  back.' 

"  There  were  meetings  at  this  time  peculiar  to  the  Wesleyans  which  have  been 
adopted  by  other  churches.  Among  these  were  watch-night  services.  The  first 
watch-night  service  which  I  attended  was  that  held  in  the  old  Yonge  Street 
church  on  the  last  evening  of  1842.  So  far  as  I  am  able  to  remember,  the  service 
began  at  9.30  p.m.  The  service  was  in  the  charge  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Richey ;  and 
it  was  upon  this  occasion,  I  think,  that  he  preached  from  the  text  already  referred 
to,  2nd  Pet.  iii.,  10-11  :  '  But  the  day  of  the  Lord  will  come  as  a  thief  in  the 
night ;  in  the  which  the  heavens  shall  pass  away  with  a  great  noise,  and  the 
elements  shall  melt  with  fervent  heat,  the  earth  also  and  the  works  that  are 
therein  shall  be  burned  up.  Seeing,  then,  that  all  these  things  shall  be  dissolved, 
what  manner  of  persons  ought  ye  to  be  in  all  holy  conversation  and  godliness  ? ' 
I  remember  the  sermon  well  as  being  one  of  great  impressiveness.  Short  ad 
dresses  were  offered  by  several  of  the  local  preachers  ;  these  were  varied  by 
'  seasons  of  prayer.'  About  three  minutes  before  midnight,  Mr.  Richey,  in  his 
devout  way,  said,  '  We  will  spend  the  remaining  moments  of  the  old  year  upon 
our  knees  before  God  in  silent  prayer.' 

"  Everything  was  new  to  me  ;  the  death-like  stillness  which  reigned  throughout 
the  church  was  descriptive  of  that  solemnity  which  everyone  seemed  to  feel, 

92  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

standing  as  they  were  upon  the  very  brink  of  the  last  moments  of  the  old  year, 
upon  the  threshold  of  the  new.  Then  the  overwhelming  silence  was  broken  by 
the  deep,  full,  solemn  voice  of  Mr.  Richey,  as  he  gave  out  the  following  lines : 

"  The  arrow  has  flown,  the  moment  is  gone  ; 

The  millennial  year 
Rushes  on  to  our  view,  and  eternity's  near." 

"Then  continuing,  he  said,  '  The  congregation  will  join  in  singing, 

"  Come,  let  us  anew  our  journey  pursue, 

Roll  round  with  the  year, 
And  never  stand  still  till  the  Master  appear." 

"  Then  came  from  the  minister  the  words,  'I  wish  you  all  a  happy  new  year.' 
Then  followed  kindly  expressions  of  happiness,  general  handshaking,  and  the 
breaking  up  in  the  beginning  of  the  new  year. 

•'  Another  service  peculiar  to  the  Wesleyans,  but  adopted  in  some  measure  by 
other  churches,  is  the  covenant  service.  The  first  covenant  service  which  I 
attended  was  on  the  first  Sabbath  of  1843.  It  differed  but  little  from  the  present 
covenant  service  held  among  the  Methodists. 

"  Of  the  preachers  who  filled  the  pulpit  of  George  Street  at  this  time,  the  follow 
ing  names  occur  as  having  been  there  occasionally :  Steer,  Fear,  Fawcett,  Lanton, 
Scott,  Douse,  Evans,  Andrews  and  Sunday. 

"  Rev.  Wm.  Steer  was  an  Englishman,  from  Hull  I  think,  was  intended  for  the 
law,  possibly  practised ;  at  any  rate,  abandoned  the  law  and  devoted  himself  to 
the  ministry  ;  thin,  sharp,  intellectual  face,  clean  shaven,  with  a  quick  step  and 
military  look.  He  was  a  devoted  man,  an  original  thinker,  and  spoke  with  much 

"  Samuel  Fear  was  an  Irishman,  and  had  been,  I  think,  a  hired  local  preacher  ; 
he  had  neither  the  education  nor  the  culture  of  Mr.  Steer.  His  style  was  heavy  ; 
an  undoubtedly  good  man  ;  his  religion  was  not  of  a  cheerful  type.  He  was  an 
earnest,  engaging  preacher;  he  was  killed  at  the  accident  on  the  Desjardins 

"Henry  Lanton  was  an  Englishman;  he  was,  I  think,  from  Richmond  Theo 
logical  Institution;  he  had  a  fresh  English  color,  and  was  a  pleasing  preacher,  no 

*This  occurred  March  12th,  1857.— ED. 


great  originality,  yet  always  instructive.  He  died  at  Hamilton  on  the  19th 
September,  1888,  in  his  seventy-ninth  year. 

"  The  services  which  in  the  present  day  are  called  special  were  in  those  days 
designated  by  the  word  '  protracted,'  and  protracted  many  of  them  were,  ex 
tending  not  over  weeks  merely,  but  over  months.  The  first  service  of  this  kind 
which  I  attended  was  on  December  22nd,  1842.  The  meetings  took  place  at  the 
instance  of  the  local  preachers,  and  were  under  the  direction  of  Rev.  M.  Richey 
and  Rev.  John  C.  Davidson,  and  lasted  for  one  week.  They  were  not  marked 
by  any  addition  to  the  membership  of  the  church,  nor  were  any  invitations 
offered  to  any  '  desiring  to  lead  a  new  life  to  manifest  such  desire  in  any  visible 

"  It  seemed  strange  to  me  to  hear  laymen  preaching,  and  the  ministers  sitting 
as  hearers  in  the  congregation  ;  stranger  still  to  hear  the  noise  and  the  interjec 
tions  during  prayer — one  calling  out  '  Glory  ! '  another  '  Hallelujah  ! '  another 
'  Send  the  power,  Lord  ! '  another  '  Come,  Lord  ! '  all  this,  notwithstanding  the 
noise,  with  a  sincerity  and  earnestness  which  was  unmistakable.  Then  came 
an  exhortation  from  some  one  following  the  preacher ;  then  an  invitation  to  any 
feeling  their  need  of  pardon  to  come  forward ;  then  one  of  the  revival  hymns  : 

"  Five  bleeding  wounds  He  bears, 

Received  on  Calvary  ; 
They  pour  effectual  prayers, 

They  strongly  plead  for  me  ; 
'  Forgive  him  !  O   forgive !  '  they  cry, 
'  Nor  let  that  ransomed  sinner  die  !  ' ' 

"  The  Revs.  M.  Richey  and  J.  C.  Davidson  were  succeeded  by  Revs.  J.  P. 
Hetherington  and  J.  B.  Selley.  John  P.  Hetherington,  the  Superintendent,  was 
an  Irishman,  had  been  a  member  of  the  Irish  Conference,  was  at  this  time  a  man 
of,  say,  fifty  years  of  age,  stout,  florid,  bald,  of  fine  presence,  and  was  a  prince  of 
preachers.  He  was  not  what  one  would  call  a  revivalist,  and  objected  to  the 
holding  of  special  services,  unless  special  reasons  were  manifest  for  these.  He 
favored  prayerful  supplication,  and  therefore  arranged  that  prayer  should 
specially  be  offered  in  the  various  churches  for  this  purpose.  Accordingly  such 
gatherings  were  held,  and  meetings  for  prayer  alternately  held  in  the  George 
Street,  Queen  Street  and  Yorkville  churches,  where  the  members  of  each  church 
were  well  represented. 


"The  last  sermon  he  preached  in  Toronto,  he  spoke  not  more  than  fifteen 
minutes  from  the  text,  Rev.  xxii.,  1,  '  And  he  shewed  me  a  pure  river  of  water 
of  life,  clear  as  crystal,  proceeding  out  of  the  Throne  of  God,  and.  of  the  Lamb/ 
He  never  used  a  redundant  expression ;  every  sentence  was  pregnant  with  mean 
ing  and  power.  Declining  health  compelled  his  return  to  England ;  and  one 
morning,  as  sudden  and  in  the  same  posture  in  which  that  good  man,  Rev.  Dr. 
Chambers,  was  found  on  his  knees,  was  his  body  found.  In  both  cases,  when 
each  was  in  communion  with  God,  the  spirit  took  its 

"  ....  last  triumphant  flight 

From  Calvary  to  Zion's  height." 

"  His  colleague,  *John  B.  Selley,  might  have  been  a  man  of  thirty-eight  or  forty, 
and  had  been  engaged  in  a  mercantile  house  in  England  before  devoting  himself 
to  the  ministry.  He  afterwards  labored  in  the  Bahama  Islands,  studied  medi 
cine,  practised  in  Montreal,  and  died  in  that  city  many  years  ago. 

"  A  word  about  the  Sunday-school.  The  Superintendent,  at  the  time  of  which 
I  write,  was  Alexander  Hamilton.  He  succeeded  Geo.  Bilton.  The  secretary 
was  John  Crossley;  librarian,  Thomas  S.  Keaugh ;  teachers,  Messrs.  Tomblyn, 
Parry,  Lee,  Matthews,  Robert  Edwards,  Ramm,  Alexander  Johnston,  now  of 
London,  and  others ;  and  the  Misses  Osborne,  Rosanna  and  Eliza,  Gooderham, 
Bilton,  Watson,  Mason,  Storm,  Milton,  Bennett,  Purkiss  and  Booth. 

"  The  closing  By-law,  No.  11,  in  the  Constitution,  1840,  printed  by  R.  Stanton, 
King  Street,  reads  thus  :  '  The  only  principle  to  be  recognized  in  the  government 
of  the  schools  is — Love.' 

"  The  class-meeting  was  regarded  as  a  test  of  membership,  and  when  the  class  is 
spoken  of,  the  class  as  instituted  by  John  Wesley  in  1739  is  meant,  which  had  its 
rise  in  the  meeting  of  those  '  who  appeared  to  be  deeply  convinced  of  sin  and 
were  earnestly  groaning  over  redemption,'  and  who  came  together  that  they 
might  receive  '  those  advices  from  time  to  time  most  needful  for  them/  such 
meeting^  being  always  closed  '  with  prayer  suited  to  their  several  necessities/ 
This,  Wesley  adds,  '  was  the  rise  of  the  United  Society,  first  in  Europe  and  then 
in  America.  Such  a  society  is  no  other  than  a  company  of  men  having  the  form 

*This  is  a  little  wrong,  the  narrator's  memory  having  slightly  failed  him.     Dr.  J.  B.  Selley  gave  up 
the  practice  of  medicine  to  enter  the  ministry. — ED. 


and  seeking  the  power  of  godliness,  united  in  order  to  pray  together  to  receive 
the  word  of  exhortation,  and  to  watch  over  one  another  in  love  that  they  may 
help  each  other  to  work  out  their  own  salvation.'  Hence  every  one  who  was 
deemed  a  member  of  the  church  met  in  class. 

"  The  class  of  which  I  knew  most  was  that  of  which  Richard  Woods  worth  was 
the  leader.  It  met  in  his  own  house  on  Richmond  Street,  north  side,  a  brick 
house  nearly  opposite  the  Jewish  Synagogue  and  still  standing.  There  may  have 
been  forty  names  upon  the  class-book,  for  the  average  attendance  was  about 
thirty.  It  was  a  mixed  class  of  men  and  women,  married  and  single.  There 
were  among  its  members  five  local  preachers.  It  continued  to  grow  so  that  it 
became  necessary  to  divide,  it  being  too  large  for  the  leader  to  speak  to  each  one 
within  the  hour  of  its  meeting,  Mr.  Booth  becoming  leader  of  the  newly -created 

"  The  first  class-meeting  in  the  month  invariably  took  the  form  of  a  monthly 
prayer-meeting,  and  upon  such  occasions  the  rules  were  read.  Upon  the  quarter 
ly  visitation,  the  ministers,  then,  as  now,  met  the  classes  for  the  renewal  of 
tickets,  when  the  new  members  received  tickets  as  members  entered  on  trial,  on 
which  was  this  passage  of  Scripture  :  '  Come  thou  with  us  and  we  will  do  thee 
good,  for  the  Lord  hath  spoken  good  concerning  Israel.'  At  the  end  of  six 
months  members  received  the  ordinary  tickets  of  accredited  membership ;  then 
also  the  quarterly  contributions  of  the  members  towards  the  support  of  the  min 
istry  were  received — a  practice  which,  I  understand,  in  some  places  has  grown 
into  disuse  by  what,  to  my  mind,  is  the  objectionable  use  of  what  is  called  the 
'  envelope  system.' 

"  The  love-feast  was  then  what  it  is  now,  with  this  difference,  that  the  members 
were  admitted  on  presenting  their  quarterly  ticket.  The  love-feast  was  on  a 
large  scale  what  the  class-meeting  was  on  a  small  one  :  the  loving  testimony  of 
God's  goodness  in  the  exercise  of  His  converting  power,  in  the  support  afforded 
under  trial,  temptation  and  suffering,  in  the  unshaken  confidence  in  His  goodness, 
in  His  mercy  and  forgiveness. 

"  John  Bredin*  (now  Rev.  Dr.  Bredin)  followed  as  a  supply,  rendered  necessary 
by  the  failure  of  the  health  of  Rev.  John  P.  Hetherington.  He  was  a  young  man 
of  good  presence,  with  a  great  profusion  of  thick,  black,  curly  hair.  He  was  a 
popular  preacher,  and  attracted  large  congregations. 

*Rev.  John  Bredin  came  to  George  Street  Church  in  1845. — ED. 



"The  choir  was  noted  for  its  hearty  singing.  Ephraim  Butt,  Christopher 
Grainger— at  one  time  there  were  no  less  than  seven  of  the  Graingers  in  the 
choir— and  Mr.  Baxter  were  leaders  at  different  times. 

"In  the  year  1843,  Mr.  Thomas  Clark,  who  had  been  a  class-leader  and  a  local 
preacher,  having  died  leaving  his  generous  bequest  to  the  church,  it  was  decided 
to  sell  the  old  edifice  to  the  Orange  body  who  used  it  for  association  purposes  for 
a  few  years,  when  it  again  changed  hands.  It  was  then  removed  to  the  street 
line  with  its  broadside  to  the  street  and  converted  into  two  double-story  resi 
dences  which  now,  as  Nos.  121  and  123  George  Street,  stand  immediately  north 
of  the  blacksmith  shop,  which  has  been  there  since  the  year  1840." 

To  return  to  the  history  of  George  Street  Church,  ministers  succeeding  Messrs. 
Hetherington  and  Selley  were  the  Revs.  W.  M.  Harvard,  D.D.,  Robert  °Cooney, 
John  Bredin  and  John  Hunt.  In  the  year  1844,  the  chapel  on  George  Street 
was  found  to  be  too  small  for  the  requirements  of  the  church  and  a  commodious 
brick  building  was  erected  on  Richmond  Street  West,  the  congregation  migrating 
thither.  The  clergy  whose  names  have  just  been  given  were  the  last  to  officiate 
in  George  Street  and  the  first  to  fill  the  pastorate  in  the  new  church. 

The  first  named,  the  Rev.  W.  M.  Harvard,  D.D.,  was  born  in  Norfolk,  England, 
in  1790,  and  after  serving  as  a  probationer  for  the  ministry  in  Diss,  that  charm 
ing  and  quaint  English  country  town,  during  the  years  1810  and  1811  and  in 
the  famous  archiepiscopal  city  of  Canterbury  in  1812,  was  in  the  following  year 
ordained  and  at  once  set  sail  for  India  as  a  missionary  to  the  heathen.  During 
the  years  1813  and  1814,  he  was  engaged  in  the  Bombay  Residency,  and  from 
1815  to  1818  was  laboring  in  "Ceylon's  Isle,"  at  Colombo  its  capital.  In  1819 
he  returned  to  England  and  from  that  year  until  1836  he  was  busy  there  serving 
in  many  different  places.  In  the  last  named  year  he  came  to  Canada  and  was 
for  some  short  time  in  Montreal,  coming  to  Toronto  in  1837.  He  only  remained 
in  the  latter  city  a  short  time,  returning  to  the  Province  of  Quebec  in  1838,  and 
was  stationed  for  the  three  following  years  in  the  "  Ancient  Capital."  From  1841 
until  1843  he  was  in  Odelltown,  and  in  1844  at  St.  Armand.  From  1839  until 
1844  he  filled  the  office  of  Chairman  in  the  Canada  East  district  until  he  resigned, 
in  consequence  of  being  again  removed  to  Toronto,  where  he  remained  until 
1847,  when  he  once  more  returned  to  England  ;  there  he  died  on  December  15th 


The  Rev.  Robert  Cooney  was  a  Canadian  and  the  whole  of  his  ministerial 
career  was  passed  in  Upper  and  Lower  Canada.  He  was  Chairman  of  the 
London  District  in  1858  and  1859.  He  was  superannuated  at  St.  Catharines  in 
1861,  living  there  until  1808,  when  he  removed  to  Toronto,  where  he  died  on 
March  17th,  1870,  in  his  71st  year. 

The  Rev.  John  Bredin  has  already  been  referred  to.  The  Rev.  John  Hunt 
was  ordained  in  1848,  and  ministered  in  many  parts  of  Upper  Canada,  now 
Ontario.  He  was  Financial  Secretary  to  the  Conference  during  the  years  1862, 
1863,  1864,  and  again  in  1871,  1878,  1879,  1880.  In  1868  he  was  Chairman  of 
the  Owen  Sound  District,  and  in  1874  went  to  Toronto  and  from  there  to 

This  concludes  the  history  of  the  old  George  Street  Church,  which  in  its  time 
did  good  and  useful  work  and  is  still  fondly  remembered  by  those  "  who  have 
been  young  and  now  are  old  "  as  the  place  where  they  first,  in  company  with 
their  parents,  attended  the  public  worship  of  Almighty  God. 


Adelaide  Street  Church. 

'N    1832   the   Adelaide  St.  Church  was   built,  completed  and  opened 
for  divine  service. 

At  first  the  ministers  from  George  St.  Church  alternated  between 
Adelaide  St.  and  the  former  place  of  worship,  there  being  the  Union 
binding  the  two  congregations.     This  continued  from   1833  until  1840, 
both  years   inclusive,  until   the  Union   was  broken  in  1840,  when    both 
George  St.  and  Adelaide  St.  became  separate  charges.      The  last  clergy  who  offi 
ciated  both  at  George  St.  and  Adelaide  St.  were  the  Revs.  Egerton  Ryerson  and 
G.  R.  Sanderson,  both  of  whom  have  been  referred  to  in  the  previous  chapter. 

In  1841  the  Rev.  G.  R.  Sanderson  was  removed  to  Hamilton  and  Dr.  Ryerson 
remained  in  charge  of  Adelaide  St.  He,  during  the  year  just  named,  had  as  his 
colleagues  the  Revs.  Francis  Coleman  and  Isaac  B.  Howard,  the  total  number 
of  members  of  the  church  at  that  time  being  244. 

Of  Adelaide  St.  Church  itself,  but  little  can  be  said  in  praise  from  an  archi 
tectural  point  of  view.  It  was  a  substantial,  plain  brick  building,  two  stories  in 
height,  with  the  principal  entrance  on  Adelaide  St.,  it  standing  on  the  south-east 
corner  of  that  street  and  Toronto  St.  On  the  ground  floor,  as  you  entered 
from  Adelaide  St.,  were  long  rows  of  pews  with  two  side  aisles  and  pews  to  the 
east  and  to  the  west  of  both  of  these  aisles.  The  pulpit  was  in  the  southern  end 
and  around  the  church  were  capacious  galleries.  The  church  would  probably 
seat  about  1,000  worshippers,  though  for  many  years  after  it  was  erected  there 
were  little  more  than  half  that  number  of  members. 

In  1842  Dr.  Ryerson  was  succeeded  by  the  Revs.  Alex.  McNab  and  Lachlin 
Taylor.  In  1843  the  Rev.  Henry  Wilkinson  came  to  the  charge ;  he  remained 
until  1844,  having  for  his  colleagues  during  that  period  the  Revs.  Wm.  Price  and 
Wm.  Pollard;  In  1845  the  Rev.  Geo.  R.  Sanderson  returned  to  Adelaide  St.,  and 
in  the  same  year  the  Rev.  Geo.  Young  also  officiated  there.  In  the  next  year  the 
clergy  were  the  Revs.  John  Carroll  and  Noble  F.  English. 

At  the  Wesleyan   Methodist  Conference  of  1847  the  union  with  the  English 



Conference  was  renewed,  and  from  that  date  the  circuits  in  the  city  were  known 
as  Toronto  East  and  Toronto  West.  These  names  continued  until  1871,  when 
Toronto  East  was  changed  to  Toronto  First.  Mr.  Carroll  continued  in  charge  of 
Adelaide  St.  during  1847,  being  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Jos.  E.  Ryerson.  For  the 
two  following  years,  those  of  1S48  and  1849,  the  clergy  were  the  Revs.  John 
Ryerson  and  Sam.  E.  Nelles,  B.A.  In  1850  Mr.  Ryerson  had  different  ministerial 
associates,  who  were  the  Revs.  Alex.  S.  Byrne  and  Jno.  S.  Evans.  In  1851 
and  1852  the  Rev.  E.  B.  Harper  was  the  minister,  having  with  him  the  Revs.  D. 
C.  McDowell  and  Wm.  H.  Poole  in  the  respective  years.  In  1853  Mr.  Poole  con 
tinued  to  officiate  as  the  associate  of  the  Rev.  Wellington  Jeffers.  During  1854 
and  1855  the  clergy  were  the  Revs.  J.  Gemley  and  John  Bredin  ;  the  latter  gentle 
man  has  already  been  fully  referred  to  in  the  preceding  chapter.  In  1865  Mr.  Gem- 
ley  was  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Jos.  Jones,  then  in  1857  and  1858-9  the  Rev.  John  Bor 
land  was  the  minister  ;  in  the  first  year  the  Rev.  Robt.  Fowler,  M.A.,  worked  with 
him.  In  1858  Revs.  John  C.  Ash  and  Wm.  H.  Land  assisted  in  supplying  the 
wants  of  the  church,  and  in  1859  the  assistant  ministers  were  the  Revs.  W.  R. 
Parker,  B.A.,  and  W.  E.  Walker.  In  I860  the  Rev.  Henry  Wilkinson  became 
the  minister  in  charge,  and  with  him  were  the  Revs.  W.  E.  Walker  and  Wm. 
Briggs.  In  1861-2  the  clergy  of  Adelaide  St.  were  the  Revs.  Isaac  B.  Howard, 
Chas.  Lavell  and  Wm.  Hall,  B.A.  In  the  following  year,  1863,  though  Mr.  How 
ard  remained  at  Adelaide  St.,  his  associates  were  changed,  the  Revs.  WT.  W.  Clarke 
and  N.  Burwash,  B.A.,  assisting.  In  1864  the  Rev.  J.  A.  Williams  was  the  min 
ister,  his  colleagues  being  the  same  as  those  associated  with  Mr.  Howard.  Mr. 
Williams  continued  at  Adelaide  St.  during  1865  and  1866,  and  with  him  were  the 
Revs.  Geo.  Robson  and  Geo.  Bridgman,  B.A.  In  1867  and  1868  the  Rev.  Win. 

O  J 

Stephenson  was  the  incumbent,  having  the  Rev.  Geo.  Bridgman,  M.A.,  and  the 
Rev.  James  Hannon  as  his  colleagues  during  that  period.  The  Rev.  Wm.  Ste 
phenson  was  in  sole  charge  in  the  year  1869  ;  then  for  the  three  following  years 
the  Rev.  Geo.  Cochrane  was  the  pastor.  In  1873  the  Rev.  John  Potts  became 
minister,  he  remaining  at  his  post  until  the  church  was  pulled  down  and  the 
magnificent  building  known  as  the  Metropolitan  in  McGill  Square  erected. 

The  history  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  will  be  dealt  with  at  the  end  of  the 
history  of  the  old  Adelaide  St.  Church.  For  the  moment  we  will  refer  now  to  the 
records  of  the  clergy  who  filled  the  pulpit  of  the  latter  church  up  to  the  time 



The  first  named  of  these  clergy,  the  Rev.  Francis  Coleman,  entered  the  Minis 
try  in  1840  on  trial,  and  was  ordained  in  1842.  He  remained  in  the  latter  place 
until  the  following  year,  and  then,  from  1844  to  1846,  was  at  Barrie,  Prescott, 
and  Hull.  In  the  two  following  years  he  was  at  Perth,  and  after  then,  until 
1851,  did  duty  at  St.  Andrews.  From  1852  until  1854,  he  was  at  Matilda  ;  at 
Wilton  1855  and  1856 ;  at  Milton  in  the  two  following  years,  and  at  Newcastle 
during  1859,  1860,  1861.  For  the  three  last  years  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Dis 
trict.  In  the  next  two  years  he  was  at  Colborne,  then  for  three  years  at  Amherst- 
burg,  then  for  two  years,  1867-1868,  at  Smith's  Falls,  where  he  was  Chairman  of 
the  Perth  District ;  then  from  1869-1871  at  Millbrook  ;  in  the  next  two  years  at 
Bond  Head,  and  in  1874  he  went  to  the  London  Conference.  Mr.  Coleman  was 
an  able  and  forcible  preacher,  and  gained  the  respect  of  his  congregation,  and 
confidence  of  his  hearers  wherever  he  was  placed. 

The  Rev.  Isaac  Brock  Howard  had  a  ministerial  career  under  the  Toronto 
Conference  extending  from  1840  until  1873.  During  these  thirty-three  years  he 
was  stationed  at  Toronto,  Cobourg,  Kingston  and  Hamilton,  each  for  one  year. 
Then  in  1845,  and  for  the  following  year  he  was  at  Belleville  ;  for  the  next  two 
at  Kingston,  for  the  following  three  at  Peterborough,  then  for  three  more  at  Dun- 
das,  and  yet  for  three  other  years,  until  the  end  of  1857,  at  Brantford.  In  1858 
we  find  him  in  Montreal,  where  he  was  Financial  Secretary.  He  remained  in 
the  same  city  for  the  two  following  years,  during  which  period  he  was  Chairman 
of  the  District.  Returning  to  Toronto  in  1861,  he  officiated  here  for  three 
years,  then  went  to  St.  Catharines,  where  for  three  years  he  was  Chairman 
and  so  highly  was  he  appreciated,  that  when  he  moved  to  Brockville  his 
reputation  had  preceded  him  and  for  the  three  following  years  he  was  Chair 
man  of  that  District  also.  In  1870  he  was  stationed  at  Port  Hope,  and  in 
the  next  two  years  was  again  Chairman.  In  1873  we  find  him  in  Guelph, 
and  it  is  a  high  compliment  to  his  abilities  that  this  district  also  elected 
him  their  Chairman.  In  the  next  year,  1874,  he  removed  to  the  London  Con 
ference,  and  was  stationed  at  Dundas,  Paris  and  Brantford  until  1878,  when  he 
was  superannuated.  It  is  almost  needless  to  say  after  having  given  this  account 
of  Mr.  Howard's  services,  that  he  was  a  most  faithful  and  hard-working  minis 
ter.  He  preached  forcibly,  ably  and  effectively.  He  was  also  a  man  of  great 
business  talents,  and  was  by  nature  a  leader  among  others.  When  he  retired 
from  active  work  he  was  greatly  missed. 


The  Rev.  Alexander  McNab,  D.D.,  was  ordained  in  1832.  He  labored  at  Hallo- 
well  and  Prescott  until  1834;  was  during  the  next  two  years  at  Stamford;  then  for 
one  year  at  Hamilton,  for  another  at  Ancaster,  for  a  third  at  Cobourg,  and  from 
1840  till  1841  at  Port  Credit  and  Hamilton.  In  1842-1843  he  was  in  Toronto 
where  he  was  the  Book  Steward.  Then  in  1844  he  was  again  at  Port  Credit, 
and  from  1845  until  1849  was  Principal  of  the  Victoria  College.  In  1850  he 
seceded  from  the  Methodist  Body,  joining  the  Anglican  Church.  For  many  years 
he  was  rector  of  Bowmanville,  Ont. 

The  Rev.  Lachlin  Taylor,  D.D.,  entered  the  Ministry  in  1839.  In  1842  he  was 
in  Toronto,  again  in  the  same  city  from  1851  until  1859,  when  he  was  Agent  for 
the  Upper  Canada  Bible  Society.  In  1860  he  removed  to  Hamilton  where  he 
was  not  only  Agent  for  the  Society  just  named,  but  also  for  the  British  and 
Foreign  Bible  Society  as  well,  until  the  year  1864.  Then  for  nine  years  he  was 
Missionary  Secretary,  and  was  superannuated  at  Toronto  in  1876. 

The  Rev.  Henry  Wilkinson  was  ordained  by  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Confer 
ence  in  1831,  and  joined  the  Methodist  body  in  Canada  in  1834,  when  for  three 
years  he  was  stationed  in  Belleville.  In  1837  he  removed  to  the  Augusta  Dis 
trict,  during  that  period  being  its  Chairman.  During  1841-1842  he  was  stationed 
in  Kingston,  and  then,  for  the  next  twenty  years,  with  the  exception  of  1848-1849- 
1850,  when  he  was  in  Hamilton,  and  1854-1855  when  he  was  in  London,  in  the  last 
named  year  being  the  Chairman  of  that  District,  his  ministerial  life  was  passed 
in  Toronto.  He  was  Financial  Secretary  to  the  Conference  in  the  years  1857- 
1858,  and  Chairman  of  the  Toronto  District  in  1859  and  1860.  In  1844  he  was 
Secretary  of  the  Conference,  President  of  the  same  body  in  1845,  and  Co-delegate 
of  Conference  in  1861.  He  died  August  14th,  1862,  in  his  59th  year. 

Mr.  Wilkinson  left  behind  him  an  unblemished  record  as  a  hard-workino-  faith- 


f  ul  minister.  He  was  not  remarkably  brilliant  in  his  oratorical  efforts,  but  what 
he  said  was  carefully  thought  out,  and  he  seldom  failed  to  make  an  impression 
upon  those  who  listened  to  him. 

The  Rev.  Wm.  Price  entered  the  Ministry  in  1839,  and  was  received  into  full 
communion  and  ordained  at  Toronto  in  1843.  In  1844  and  1845  he  was  on  the 
Yonge  Street  Circuit,  then  was  in  various  parts  of  Upper  Canada  until  1867, 
when  we  find  him  at  Stratford,  where  for  two  years  of  the  time  he  spent  there 
he  was  Chairman  of  the  District.  In  1873  he  was  superannuated,  and  took  up 
his  residence  in  Toronto.  He  died  here  some  few  years  ago. 

102  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

The  Rev.  William  Pollard  was  ordained  in  1846,  having  been  a  Probationer  for 
the  four  years  previously.  In  1844  he  was  stationed  in  Toronto,  then  in  By- 
town,  Hamilton,  London  Circuit  for  two  years,  St.  Thomas  for  two  years,  Lon 
don  again  for  three  years,  Quebec  for  two  years,  for  three  years  in  Three  Rivers, 
during  the  last  two  of  his  stay  there  being  Financial  Secretary  ;  then  in  Kings 
ton  for  two  years,  where  he  was  Chairman  of  the  District.  Then  in  Belleville 
for  two  years,  where  he  was  also  Chairman.  Then  to  Toronto  West  in  1863, 
when  he  became  Financial  Secretary  and  Chairman  in  18G4-1865.  Removing  to 
Barrie  in  1866,  he  was  Chairman  for  that  and  the  following  year,  then  he  went 
to  Cobourg,  and  for  the  next  three  years  was  stationed  there,  and  was  also  Chair 
man  of  the  District.  Then  he  went  to  Victoria,  Vancouver,  where  from  1871  to 
1873  he  was  Chairman.  He  returned  to  Toronto  in  1874,  remaining  a  short 
time,  then  went  back  to  Victoria,  where  he  was  superannuated  in  1878. 

The  Rev.  George  Rivers  Sanderson*  entered  the  ministry  in  1837  and  for  that 
and  the  three  following  years  was  at  Thames,  Newmarket,  Grimsby  and  Hamil 
ton.  He  was  received  into  full  communion  and  ordained  at  Stami'ord  in  1841, 
remaining  there  the  whole  of  the  following  year  until  the  Conference  of  1843, 
when  he  was  removed  to  St.  Catharines.  Then  in  1845  he  came  to  Torontc, 
where  he  ministered  at  Adelaide  Street  and  other  churches ;  from  1846  until  1850 
he  was  engaged  in  the  same  city  in  editorial  work  connected  with  the  Christian 
Guardian.  During  the  years  1851,1852  and  1853  he  was  in  Cobourg, but  returned 
to  Toronto  in  1854,  where,  until  1858,  he  filled  the  office  of  Book  Steward.  The 
year  1859  found  him  in  London,  Ontario,  of  which  district  in  the  two  following 
years,  1860  and  1861,  he  was  the  Chairman.  Then  he  went  to  Port  Hope  for 
three  years,  filling  the  office  of  Chairman  of  that  district  during  the  whole  of  the 
period.  Then  he  spent  three  years  in  Picton,  Belleville  and  Kingston  respectively, 
and  during  the  whole  of  that  long  period  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Central  Dis 
trict.  In  1874  he  was  transferred  to  the  London  Conference  and  remained  in  its 
jurisdiction  until  his  death. 

Dr.  Sanderson  was  Secretary  of  the  Conference  in  1852,  he  was  representative 
to  the  English  Wesleyan  Conference  in  1861,  he  was  also  co-delegate  with  Dr. 
Punshon  of  the  Conference  in  1871.  Besides  the  foregoing  distinctions  he  was 
delegate  to  the  First  General  Conference  held  in  Toronto  in  1874,  Chairman  of 

*See  Notes  at  end  of  Volume. — ED. 


the  London  District  from  1874  until  1880,  President  of  the  London  Conference 
in  the  year  1876,  also  a  delegate  to  the  General  Conference  held  in  Montreal  in 
1878.  The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  Dr.  Sanderson  by  Vic 
toria  College,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  most  distinguished  of  its  graduates,  in 
the  year  1877.  A  further  biographical  sketch  of  this,  one  of  the  most  noted 
preachers  of  the  Wesleyan  Church,  will  be  found  in  the  notes  at  the  end  of  this 
volume.  He  died  in  London,  Ont.,  March  22nd,  1898. 

The  Rev.  George  Young,  who  was  the  colleague  of  the  latter,  was  ordained  at 
St.  Catharines  in  1846,  having  been  acting  as  a  Probationer  for  the  two  years 
previously,  the  last  of  which  he  spent  in  Toronto.     Mr.  Young  spent  the  greater 
portion  of  his  ministerial  life  in  the  Province  of  Quebec,  where   for   the   years 
1863-1864-1865  he  was  Chairman  of  the  District.     In  1866  he  came  to  Toronto 
West,  where  he  was  Chairman  for  that  and  the  following  year.     In  1868  he  re 
moved    to  Winnipeg    where  until  1873  he   was   also  Chairman.     Returning  to 
Toronto   in    1876    he    was   stationed,    until    1879,  at  Richmond  Street,  also    at 
Berkeley  Street  churches;  then  again  he  went  to  Emerson,  Manitoba,  where  he 
remained  until  he  was  superannuated  a  few  years  later.     Dr.  Young  has  had  a 
very  adventurous  career  as  a  minister.     He  saw  a  great  deal  of  the  first  Riel 
Rebellion,  and  he  was  intimately  acquainted  with  Scott  who  fell  a  victim  to 
Riel's   wickedness.     He  also  saw  Lord  Wolseley,  then  only  Colonel  Wolseley, 
enter  what  was  then  known  as  Fort  Garry,  with  the  Canadian    troops  sent  to 
surpress  the  rebels.     Through  all  these  trying  experiences  Mr.  Young  never  for 
got  his  vocation  as  a  Christian  minister  while  he  did  yeoman  service  to    the 
loyalists  of  the   disturbed   districts.     His    own   sturdy  loyalty  exercised  great 
influence  upon  all  around    him,  and  he  was   highly  appreciated  by  all  those 
brought  into  contact  with  him.      Now,  in  an  honored  old  age  he  spends  his  time 
between  Toronto  and  his  charming  summer  residence  at  Orchard  Beach,  Lake 
Simcoe,  full  of  years,   full  of  honors,  and  with  the  respect  and  confidence  of  all 
those  (no  matter  of  what  denomination  they  may  be)  who  know  him. 

One  of  the  most  notable  of  the  clergy  who  officiated  at  Adelaide  St.  Church, 
during  its  life  of  40  years,  was  the  Rev.  John  Carroll,  whose  ministerial  career 
extended  considerably  over  50  years.  His  work  began  as  a  Probationer,  under 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  Conference,  in  the  year  1827,  then  in  1833  he  was 
ordained  by  the  Wesleyan  Methodist  Conference,  his  first  charge  being  at  By- 

104  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

town.  In  1839  he  was  Tutor  at  the  Upper  Canada  Academy  in  Cobourg,  and 
the  next  year  he  spent  in  Brockville  and  Kingston.  In  the  following  year  he 
was  at  Bytown,  where  he  was  Chairman  of  that  District,  then  in  1842  and  1843 
he  was  in  Prescott  and  Chairman  of  the  Augusta  District.  The  next  two  years 
were  usefully  spent  in  Kingston  where  he  again  was  Chairman,  and  then  he 
came  to  Toronto  and  was  here  for  two  years,  1846-1847.  Removing  from  here 
to  London,  he  remained  in  that  city  three  years  and  in  Hamilton  three  years, 
during  the  whole  of  that  period  being  Chairman  of  the  Districts  in  both  the 
'•'  Forest  "  and  "  Ambitious  "  Cities.  Then  after  leaving  Hamilton  he  removed 
to  St.  John's  in  the  Province  of  Quebec,  then  to  Brockville,  where  he  remained 
until  1857,  then  once  more  to  Ottawa,  formerly  known  as  Bytown,  where  he 
was  Chairman  ;  then  to  Peterborough  where  he  was  likewise  honored  by  being 
appointed  Chairman.  The  same  distinction  awaited  him  at  Guelph,  where  he 
was  stationed  1864-1867;  then  he  went  to  St.  Catharines,  remaining  there 
until  the  beginning  of  1869,  being  the  Chairman  during  that  period  of  the  Niagara 
District  until,  in  the  last  named  year,  he  was  appointed  General  Agent  of  the 
Sunday  School  Union.  He  was  superannuated  in  1870  after  a  long  and  useful 
ministerial  career.  Dr.  Carroll  was  a  most  voluminous  writer,  being  the  author 
of  "Past  and  Present,"  "Case  and  Coternporaries,"  "School  of  the  Prophets," 
"  The  Stripling  Preacher,"  "  The  Life  of  Robert  Corson  "  and  many  tracts  and 
published  sermons.  In  addition  to  this  he  wrote  the  introduction  to  the  Cyclo 
paedia  of  Methodism  compiled  by  the  Rev.  George  H.  Cornish  and  published  in 
1881.  Of  Dr.  Carroll  it  may  truly  be  said  that  "  Whatever  his  hand  found 
him  to  do,  he  did  it  with  his  might,"  he  was  no  eye-servant,  no  man 
pleaser,  yet  he  was  a  man  who  felt  that  if  he  did  not  do  his  duty  honestly 
and  faithfully  to  his  fellow-men  whom  he  had  seen,  it  could  not  be  expected 
that  he  would  be  a  faithful  servant  to  his  Divine  Master  whom  he  had  not  seen. 

The  Rev.  Joseph  E.  Ryerson,  who  was  at  the  Adelaide  St.  Church  in  1847 
appears  to  have  remained  in  the  Ministry  for  but  a  very  brief  period,  there 
being  no  further  mention  of  him  in  the  records  of  Methodism  after  the  year 

John  Ryerson  who  officiated  at  Adelaide  Street  for  three  years,  entered  the 
Ministry  in  1820,  and  from  this  until  1830  was  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Conference.  In  1834  he  joined  the  Wesley  an  Methodists 


and  during  that  year  and  1834-1835  he  was  Presiding  Elder  in  the  Bay  of 
Quint  e  District.  In  1836  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Toronto  District.  From 
1837-1841  Book  Steward  in  Toronto ;  in  1842  at  St.  Catharines,  where  he  was 
.Chairman,  then  in  1843  President  of  Conference.  From  1845  to  1847  in  the 
Hamilton  District  and  also  Chairman ;  then  from  1848-1851  in  Toronto  and 
again  Chairman ;  he  removed  to  Belleville  in  1852,  again  filling  the  same 
office  ;  making  yet  another  move  to  Kingston  in  1873,  and  yet  again  having  the 
same  dignity  conferred  upon  him  in  that  place.  Then  he  ministered  in  Quebec 
during  1856  where  once  more  the  District  elected  him  its  Chairman.  In  1857- 
1858  he  was  Governor  of  Victoria  College,  then  in  1859  he  went  to  the  Grand 
River.  He  was  superannuated  and  took  up  his  residence  in  Brantford  in  1860. 
He  died  October  8,  1878,  in  the  80th  year  of  his  age.  No  less  than  58  years  of 
Mr.  Ryerson's  life  was  spent  in  ministerial  duties,  and  few  men  have  ever  been 
more  truly  respected,  and  with  greater  cause  than  was  he.  He  was  co-delegate 
of  the  Conference  from  1849-1857,  besides  holding  the  last  named  office,  he  was 
representative  to  the  English  Conference  1840-1846  and  again  in  1849.  In 
1839  and  again  in  1854  he  was  the  representative  of  the  Wesleyan  body  to  the 
General  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  held  in  the  United 
States.  Mr.  Ryerson  is  still  remembered  by  old  members  of  the  Methodist 
Church  throughout  the  Province  of  Ontario  for  his  sterling  integrity,  kind- 
heartedness  and  unblemished  life. 

The  Rev.  Samuel  S.  Nelles  entered  the  ministry  in  1847;  was  received  into 
full  communion  and  ordained  in  London,  Ontario,  in  1857,  where  he  officiated 
three  months.  He  was  then  appointed  Principal  of  Victoria  College,  Cobourg, 
and  retained  that  office  until  1880,  when  he  resigned.  Dr.  Nelles  was  born  at 
Mount  Pleasant,  Ontario,  about  the  year  1827.  He  studied  first  at  the  Genesee 
Wesleyan  Seminary,  New  York,  and  then  went  to  Victoria  College,  Cobourg, 
where  he  obtained  a  local  preacher's  license.  It  is  recorded  of  him  that 
"  While  at  Victoria  College,  Cobourg,  he  there  resolved  to  yield  to  his  con 
victions  of  duty  and  consecrate  himself  to  the  full  work  of  the  ministry.  He 
finished  his  collegiate  course  at  Middletown  University,  from  which  he  received 
the  degree  of  B. A.  and  afterwards  that  of  M.A.  In  1861  he  received  the  hon 
orary  degree  of  D.D.  from  Queen's  University,  Kingston,  and  in  1872  the 
honorary  degree  of  LL.D."  In  the  year  1864,  Dr.  Nelles  was  appointed  a 


representative  to  the  General  Conference  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church 
in  the  United  States.  In  1868  he  was  appointed  associate  representative  to  the 
Conference  of  Eastern  British  America,  and  he  was  also  appointed  represent 
ative  to  the  English  Wesleyan  Conference  in  1873  and  delegate  to  the  First 
General  Conference  in  Toronto  in  the  following  year. 

Alexander  S.  Byrne,*  mentioned  as  having  been  at  Adelaide  St.  in  1850,  was 
simply  a  probationer  for  the  ministry.  He  died  in  his  nineteenth  year  in  1851. 

The  Rev.  John  S.  Evans  remained  two  years  in  Toronto  East,  going  from 
there  to  St.  Catharines.  During  this  period  he  was  simply  a  probationer.  He 
was  received  into  full  communion  and  ordained  at  Woodstock  in  1852,  remain 
ing  there  for  that  year  and  going  to  Port  Dover  in  the  one  following.  He 
never  returned  to  Toronto  during  his  ministerial  career.  In  the  year  1869  he 
was  Financial  Secretary  at  Spencerville,  and  for  the  three  following  years  filled 
the  same  office  at  Morrisburg. 

The  Rev.  Ephraim  B.  Harper  filled  a  somewhat  notable  position  among  the 
ranks  of  Methodist  ministers.  He  entered  the  ministry  as  a  probationer  in  1841 
and  was  ordained  at  Dundas  in  1845,  coming  to  Toronto  in  1851.  He  remained 
here  for  four  years  and  then  went  to  Hamilton,  remaining  there  until  1857. 
From  1858  until  1873  he  was  at  Belleville  for  three  years;  Montreal  Centre 
for  the  same  period  :  Hamilton  for  the  same  period  ;  three  years  at  Ottawa  and 
Guelph,  and  then  went  to  Port  Hope.  For  the  sixteen  years  from  1858  until 
1873,  inclusive,  he  was  Chairman  of  the  District  wherever  he  was  stationed. 
Mr.  Harper  received  the  honorary  degree  of  M.A.  from  Victoria  University  in 
1860.  He  was  Secretary  of  the  Conference  in  1859,  and  Co-Delegate  of  the 
Conference  in  1873.  In  addition  to  these  offices  he  was  Delegate  to  the  First 
General  Conference  in  Toronto  in  1874,  and  was  President  of  the  Conference  in 
1878.  The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  him  in  June,  1879  by 
the  Western  University,  Middletown,  Conn.,  U.S.A.  Mr.  Harper  was  of  Irish 
parentage  and  was  born  near  Perth,  where  he  was  educated.  He  at  first 
worked  under  the  Rev.  James  Currie  as  a  local  preacher,  and  in  his  early  days 
obtained  a  reputation  for  zeal  and  for  hard  work,  which,  during  his  whole 
ministerial  career,  he  fully  sustained. 

The  Rev.  David  C.  McDowell,  after  a  four  years'  probationery  term,  was 
ordained  at  Bytown  (now  Ottawa),  in  1850,  and  in  the  following  year  came  to 

*  See  notes  at  end  of  Volume. — ED. 


Toronto,  where  he  remained  for  one  year.  During  the  rest  of  his  ministerial 
career,  with  the  exception  of  one  year  at  Yorkville,  1875,  he  had  no  further 
connection  with  Toronto.  Of  Mr.  McDowell,  an  admirer  of  his  writes :  "  He 
was  possessed  of  average  ability,  was  a  remarkably  hard  worker  and  never 
flagged  in  anything  that  he  undertook." 

The  Rev.  Wm.  H.  Poole,  who  was  at  Adelaide  St.  in  1852  and  1853,  entered 
the  ministry  in  1850,  and  was  fully  ordained  in  that  year  at  Demorestville. 
During  the  years  1859-61,  Mr.  Poole  was  at  Cobourg,  where  he  was  Financial 
Secretary.  In  1873  he  returned  to  Toronto,  filling  the  pulpit  of  Queen  St. 
West  Church  for  one  year.  Then  during  1874,1875  and  1876  until  1879,  he 
was  in  Toronto  Fifth  and  Toronto  Fourth.  In  1879  he  was  superannuated, 
after  a  ministerial  career  of  nearly  thirty  years.  In  May  1879  the  honorary 
degree  of  LL.D.  was  conferred  upon  him  by  Trinity  College,  North  Carolina, 

The  Rev.  John  Gemley  was  ordained  at  Port  Hope  in  the  year  1845.  After 
serving  in  many  different  places  in  Upper  Canada  he  came  to  Toronto  in  1854, 
and  remained  here  for  three  years.  He  then  went  to  Montreal  Centre,  to 
Quebec,  Kingston  and  Brantford,  in  each  of  these  cities  remaining  three  years, 
and  being  Chairman  of  Quebec,  Kingston  and  Brantford  during  the  whole 
period  that  he  was  there.  He  was  superannuated  from  Toronto  East  in  1869, 
and  by  permission  of  the  Conference  became  Secretary  of  the  Upper  Canada 
Bible  Society  in  1870,  and  retained  that  office  for  three  years.  He  was  a  man 
of  great  thoroughness  and  earnestness  of  purpose,  not  a  brilliant  orator  by  any 
means,  but  he  spoke  from  the  heart  and  his  preaching,  therefore,  was  all  the 
more  effective. 

The  Rev.  John  Bredin  has  already  been  fully  referred  to.  He  was  at 
Adelaide  Street  for  a  short  time  and  also  at  George  Street. 

The  Rev.  Robert  Fowler  was  an  Englishman.  He  had  studied  for  the  medical 
profession  and  received  the  degree  of  M.D.,  and  in  addition  to  this  was  a  mem 
ber  of  the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons  of  England.  He  was  but  one  year  in 
Toronto,  the  rest  of  his  ministerial  life  being  spent  in  other  parts  of  the 

The  Rev.  John  Borland  was  ordained  in  1836,  and  until  1853  his  work  as  a 
minister  was  carried  on  wholly  in  Lower  Canada.  From  1854  until  1859  he 

108  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

was  in  Toronto,  three  years  each  in  Toronto  West  and  Toronto  East.  In  1858  he 
was  Secretary  to  the  Conference.  In  1860  he  again  returned  to  Lower  Canada, 
then  went  for  three  years  to  Brantford,  and  in  1866  again  returned  to  Lower 
Canada,  which,  in  the  following  year,  became  known  as  the  Province  of  Quebec. 
There  he  remained  until  the  close  of  his  career.  A  well-known  biographical 
authority  thus  speaks  of  Mr.  Borland  :  "  The  Rev.  John  Borland's  name  appears 
in  the  Minutes  in  1837  for  the  first  time.  He  had  been  employed  the  previous 
year  on  the  Melbourne  Circuit,  L.C.,  under  the  Chairman.  This  year,  1837,  he 
was  appointed  to  the  rough  New  Ireland  Circuit.  The  accession  of  this  man  to 
the  ranks  of  the  itineracy  was  a  great  acquisition  to  the  work.  He  was  born 
in  Ripon,  Yorkshire,  England,  in  September,  1809,  and  was  consequently 
twenty-six  years  of  age  when  he  entered  the  regular  work  of  the  ministry. 
He  came  with  his  parents  to  Quebec  in  1818,  where  he  remained  until  his  going 
into  the  travelling  connexion  He  received  a  good  education  and  in  the  year 
1826,  at  the  age  of  seventeen,  decided  to  become  a  preacher.  In  1831  he  became 
a  local  preacher.  His  deep,  uniform  piety,  excellent  gifts,  and  gentlemanly 
manners,  pointed  him  out  as  a  suitable  person  for  the  public  ministry  of  the 
Gospel.  His  general  talents,  commanding  person  and  genteel  manners,  along 
with  a  certain  robust  resolution  of  mind,  soon  made  him  a  leading  person  in  the 
connexion.  He  was  a  ready  preacher,  though  not  very  profound,  and  exceed 
ingly  affluent  in  language." 

The  Rev.  Wm.  R.  Parker,  who  is  mentioned  as  having  been  at  Adelaide  St. 
for  a  short  period  in  1859,  rilled  several  important  offices  in  connection  with 
Methodism.  He  was  delegate  to  the  General  Conference  in  Montreal  in  1878 ; 
Chairman  of  the  London  district  1874-78;  Financial  Secretary  1879  and  1880, 
and  Secretary  of  Conference  in  the  latter  year. 

The  Rev.  Wm.  E.  Walker  was  ordained  in  1861,  but  only  served  for  three 
years  in  the  Methodist  ministry.  In  1874  he  withdrew  from  that  body  ;  was 
received  into  the  Anglican  communion  and  joined  the  ministry  of  that  church. 

The  Rev.  Henry  Wilkinson,  who  was  at  Adelaide  St.  in  1860,  has  been  spoken 
of  in  a  previous  portion  of  this  volume,  so  it  is  not  necessary  here  to  give  any 
further  reference  to  him. 

In  the  year  1860,  for  the  first  time,  appears  the  name  of  the  Rev.  Wm.  Briggs, 
then  a  probationer.  He  was  received  into  full  communion  and  ordained  in  1863 


at  Toronro  West.     Mr.   Briggs  is,  and   for  more   than  twenty  years  (1899)  has 
been  one  of  the  most  prominent  members  of  the  Methodist  ministry.     Leaving 
Toronto,    1864,  after  his  ordination  he  went  to  Hamilton.     Then  in  the  follow 
ing   year  was  transferred   to   Montreal  Centre,  where   he  preached  with  great 
acceptability.     In   1868  he  was  transferred    to  London,  where,   again,   not   so 
much  by  his  great  oratorical  ability  as  by  his  intense  earnestness,   he  exercised 
great   influence.     The    next    three    years,    those    of  1871-73,    were    passed    in 
Cobourg,    where   he  filled   the  office    of  Financial    Secretary.     Then  he  was  at 
Belleville  for  two  years,  and  in  1876  returned  to  Toronto  to  fill  the  pulpit  of  the 
Metropolitan  Church.     There  he  remained  until  1879,  when  he  was  appointed 
Book-Steward  of  the  Western  section  of  the  Methodist  Church,  which  office  he 
has  continued  to  hold  now  for  twenty  years,  not  only  with  credit  to  himself,  but 
to  the  satisfaction  of  everybody  with  whom  he  is  brought  into  contact.     Dr. 
Briggs  has  filled  the  following  offices  during  his    ministerial  career.     He  was 
Financial  Secretary  in   1874,  Chairman  of  the  District  in  1875;   Secretary  of 
Conference  in  1876  and  1877,  and  Delegate  to  the  Second  General  Conference 
in  Montreal  in  1878.     During  the  life-time  of  the  saintly  and  lamented  Bishop 
Fraser  of  Manchester,  it  was  said  of  him  that  he  was  the  "  Bishop  of  all  denom 
inations."     Much  the  same  thing  might  be  said,  or  may  truly  be  said,  of  Dr. 
Briggs.     Though  not  a  Bishop,  certainly,  yet  in  his  denomination  he  fills  a  some 
what  analogous  position.     He  is  brought  into  contact  with  men  of  every  creed, 
and  of  no  creed,  and  with  all  of  them,  under  every  circumstance,  he  consistently 
preserves  his  character  as  a  Christian  minister,  and  combines  with  it  the  polish 
and  courtesy  of  an  accomplished  gentleman. 

From  1861  until  1870  when  the  Metropolitan  Church  was  opened,  and 
Adelaide  St.  Church  was  demolished,  there  was  a  constant  succession  of  able 
occupants  of  the  pulpit.  Many  of  these  are  still  living  and  doing  faithful  and 
zealous  work,  and  it  would  be  little  short  of  impertinence  to  refer  in  these 
pages  to  them  in  detail. 

The  names  of  all  the  clergy  who  officiated  in  Adelaide  St.  Church  have  been 
given,  and  of  the  leading  laymen  many  of  them,  if  not  all,  have  been  mentioned 
in  the  chapter  on  George  St.  Church,  and  some  will  again  come  under  notice 
when  the  Metropolitan  Church  is  spoken  of. 


Richmond  Street  Methodist  Church. 

EFORE  giving  the  history  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  which  was 
the  lineal  descendant  of  the  building  on  Adelaide  Street  described 
in  the  last  chapter,  it  will  be  more  seeming  to  refer  to  what  was 
often  spoken  of  as  the  "  Cathedral  of  Methodism,"  the  old  church 
on  Richmond  St.  West.  It  stood  on  the  south  side  of  the  street, 
about  midway  between  Yonge  and  Bay  Streets,  and,  so  far  as  the 
Methodist  Church  is  concerned,  its  history  is  invaluable,  as  it  is  connected  more 
or  less  directly  with  almost  every  other  subsequent  congregation  which  has  been 
formed.  About  1886  a  writer  in  one  of  the  Toronto  local  papers,  in  describing 
it,  writes  thus :  "  For  years  the  Richmond  Street  Church  has  been  the  Metropoli 
tan  Methodist  Church  in  Toronto,  and  its  long  list  of  membership  contains  the 
names  of  thousands  who  have  gone  out  from  its  venerable  past  into  every  avenue 
of  professional,  political  and  mercantile  life,  and  have  become  prominent  citizens  ; 
many  have  gone  from  its  sacred  associations  and  tender  memories  out  into  the 
heavenly  communion  ;  a  few  of  its  first  members  are  still  living,  but  their  heads 
are  white  with  the  frosts  of  many  years,  and  their  steps  falter  more  day  by  day 
as  they  go  down  into  the  'Valley  of  the  Shadow.'" 

The  old-fashioned  Methodism  flourished  in  Richmond  St.,  yet  out  of  it  has 
come  a  modern  growth  of  churches  built  in  the  most  magnificent  architecture, 
and  sustained  by  all  the  concomitants  of  wealth  and  progress.  The  same  writer 
whom  we  have  already  quoted  thus  pathetically  refers  to  the  old  church  :  "  One 
mission  after  another  has  been  born  in  Richmond  St.,  and  grown  into  a  large  and 
successful  church,  disdaining  the  simple,  old-fashioned,  decrepit  building  of  its 
birth,  beginning  a  career  more  in  harmony  with  the  rapid  developments  of  a  later 
civilization.  And  not  only  the  people  and  the  churches  of  its  own  nurture  have 
forsaken  the  old  landmark,  but  the  city  itself  has  reached  out  toward  the  north 
ern  ravines  and  hillsides.  The  residential  centre,  which,  in  the  palmy  days  of 
old  Richmond  St.,  localized  all  interests  in  that  neighborhood,  has  moved  away, 
and  seeks  location  amidst  the  upper  avenues,  leaving  the  poor  old  church  for- 



saken  and  alone.  The  law  of  gradation  and  improvement  has  so  far  outstripped 
the  old  church  that  its  feeble  energies  could  not  keep  pace,  and  it  stands  there 
as  a  sort  of  mournful  relic  of  dead  years  and  dead  energies." 

The  church  itself  was  of  no  architectural  beauty,  though  its  massive  Doric 
pillars  in  front  of  the  porch  facing  the  street  gave  it  a  somewhat  singular 
appearance.  It  had  plain,  circular-headed  windows  on  all  sides,  was  built  of 
plain,  common-looking  brick,  and,  with  the  exception  of  the  porch  referred  to, 
had  no  ornamentation  whatever  to  relieve  its  generally  dull  appearance.  The 
land  on  which  the  church  was  built  was  a  lot  of  100x175  feet,  and  was  pur 
chased  from  the  late  Jesse  Ketchum  for  £862  10s.,  Halifax  currency,  equivalent 
to  $3,450.  The  first  church  built  on  the  site  was  85x65  feet,  including  the  por 
tico,  but  many  additions  were  made  to  it  before  it  was  finally  closed  in  1888. 

The  interior  of  the  church  did  not  present  such  a  plain  appearance  as  the 
exterior.  The  pulpit  of  yellow-grained  pine,  the  same  material  as  the  pews  of 
the  church  were  built  of,  was  in  good  condition,  and  all  the  pews  on  the  main 
floor  were  well  upholstered,  were  roomy  and  high  enough  to  be  comfortable 
without  being  too  high.  At  the  back  of  the  pulpit  was  a  large  panel,  and  over 
it,  in  gilt  letters,  a  scroll  on  which  was  inscribed  :  '  O  !  worship  the  Lord  in  the 
beauty  of  holiness.'  On  each  side  of  what  may  be  termed  the  chancel,  to  the 
back  of  the  pulpit,  were  tablets  whereon  were  inscribed,  in  gilt  letters,  the  Ten 
Commandments.  A  marble  memorial  tablet,  about  midway  on  the  eastern  wall 
of  the  church,  bore  the  following  inscription :  "  This  cenotaph  is  erected  by  the 
trustees  of  this  church  to  the  memory  of  their  beloved  friend  and  brother, 
Thomas  Clarke,  a  native  of  Stockport,  England,  who  died  in  1844." 

Mr.  Clarke  was  a  hatter,  and  engaged  in  business  on  King  St.,  Toronto.  He 
was  a  man  of  very  considerable  means,  and  left  the  whole  of  his  property  to  be 
used  for  the  purpose  of  erecting  Richmond  St.  Church.  The  only  condition 
attached  to  this  bequest  was  that  his  widow,  Mrs.  Clarke,  should  receive  an 
annuity  from  the  church  during  her  lifetime  sufficient  to  enable  her  to  live  com 
fortably.  At  the  death  of  Mrs  Clarke  the  whole  of  the  property  reverted  to  the 
trustees  of  Richmond  St.  Church.  Large  and  commodious  galleries  ran  around 
the  northern,  western  and  eastern  sides  of  the  church,  in  the  first  of  which  was 
the  organ  of  twenty  stops,  the  organist  for  many  years  being  the  late  Edward 
Hastings,  who  died  in  1897. 



The  church  was  commenced  in  1844,  the  corner  stone  being  laid  on  the  20th 
August  in  that  year,  and  the  dedication  took  place  on  June  29th,  1845,  the  Rev. 
Matthew  Richey  of  Montreal  officiating.  Though  so  many  of  the  George  Street 
congregation,  when  that  church  was  closed,  migrated  to  Adelaide  Street,  yet,  not 
a  few  came  to  Richmond  Street,  which  is  really  the  successor  of  the  former 
church.  The  cost  of  the  church,  with  the  lot,  was  about  $22,000.00.  It  stood, 
to  be  exact,  where  the  Methodist  Book  Room  now  carries  on  business,  part  of  the 
old  structure  being  incorporated  within  the  walls  of  that  well-known  building. 
Taking  the  Richmond  St.  Church  as  the  successor  of  George  St.  Church,  when 
it  was  re-opened  in  1840,  the  following  Methodist  churches  in  the  city  owe 
their  origin  to  it :  The  Yorkville  Church,  built  in  1840,  and  from  it  the  two 
churches  afterwards  built  in  that  suburb.  Then,  in  the  same  year,  was  erected 
the  Queen  St.  West  Church,  and  an  offshoot  from  that  is  the  Wesley  Church  on 
the  corner  of  Ossington  Avenue  and  Dundas  Street.  In  1846  came  the  Davenport 
Church,  a  small  frame  building  standing  on  the  west  side  of  Dundas  Street,  just 
north  of  where  Bloor  Street  now  crosses  that  thoroughfare,  remaining  there  for 
about  ten  years  until  the  congregation  removed  to  the  brick  building  on  Daven 
port  Road,  on  its  north  side,  near  the  Northern  Railway.  Then,  in  1852,  the 
Berkeley  St.  Church  was  erected  as  an  outcome  of  the  services  conducted  by  the 
Richmond  St.  congregation  in  Duke  Street.  In  addition  to  these,  Elm  Street, 
Sherbourne  and  Gerrard  Street,  owe  their  origin  and  opening  to  the  old  Richmond 
St.  Church,  and  for  many  years  the  Richmond  St.  colored  Methodist  Church, 
situated  on  the  north-east  corner  of  that  street  and  Victoria  Street,  wag  supplied 
by  the  ministers  at  the  old  "  Cathedral." 

The  clergy  at  Richmond  St.  Church,  from  1847  until  1888,  were  as  follows  :- 

1847 — Ephraim  Evans,  Samuel  D.  Rice. 

1848 — Samuel  D.  Rice,  George  H.  Davis. 

1849— William  Squire,  George  H.  Davis. 

1850 — William  Squire,  John  Douse. 

1851 — Henry  Wilkinson,  John  Douse. 

1852— Henry  Wilkinson,  John  Douse. 

1853— Henry  Wilkinson,  E.  B.  Harper,  Charles  Lavell. 

1854— John  Borland,  Ephraim  B.  Harper,  Charles  Lavell. 

1855 — John  Borland,  Charles  Lavell,  George  McRitchie. 


1856— John  Borland,  James  H.  Bishop,  John  Learoyd. 

1857— George  Douglas,  James  H.  Bishop,  John  Learoyd. 

1858— George  Douglas,  Jas.  H.  Bishop,  Wm.  R.  Parker,  B.A. 

1859— George  Douglas,  William  Scott,  Charles  Fish. 

I860— James  Elliott,  Gifford  Dorey,  Charles  Fish. 

1861— James  Elliott,  Gifford  Dorey,  Charles  Fish. 

1862— James  Elliott,  Gifford  Dorey,  Charles  Fish. 

1863— William  Pollard,  James  Preston,  William  Briggs. 

1864— William  Pollard,  James  Preston,  Thos.  W.  Jefferey. 

1865— William  Pollard,  William  Stephenson. 

1866 — George  Young,  William  Stephenson. 

1867 — George  Young,  George  Cochran. 

1868 — George  Cochran,  William  J.  Hunter. 

1869 — George  Cochran,  William  J.  Hunter. 

1870— Alexander  Sutherland,  Hugh  Johnston,  M.A. 

1871-72— Alexander  Sutherland. 

1873— Thomas  W.  Jeffery. 

1874-75— Thomas  W.  JefFery. 

1876-77 — George  Young. 

1878— George  Young,  D.D. 

1879,  80,  81,  82— Isaac  Tovell. 

1883,  84,  85— Thomas  Cullen. 
188G,  87,  88— John  Pickering. 

Of  the  prominent  laymen  connected  with  the  old  Richmond  Street  Church, 
Mr.  Ephraim  Butt  was  one  who  worshipped  there  during  the  entire  period  of  its 
existence.  He  was  born  in  Yessington,  Gloucestershire,  England,  in  the  year 
1820,  and  came  to  Canada  while  yet  a  very  young  man,  being  for  more  than  fifty 
years  engaged  in  that  city  as  a  carriage-builder. 

Almost  as  soon  as  he  came  to  Toronto  he  connected  himself  with  George  Street 
Church,  and  there,  in  conjunction  with  the  Rev.  Matthew  Richie,  did  very  good 
work  in  the  Sunday-school  attached  to  that  church.  In  addition  to  this  he  be 
came  a  member  of  the  choir,  and  also  for  many  years  held  cottage  prayer-meet 
ings  in  various  parts  of  the  east  end  of  the  city,  sometimes  in  the  home  of  Mr. 
Metcalfe,  on  King  Street,  not  far  from  Yonge,  and  sometimes  in  other  private 

114  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

When  old  George  Street  Church  was  sold  he  removed  to  Richmond  Street,  and 
worshipped  there  the  entire  period  of  its  existence.  There,  for  many  years,  he 
led  two  classes,  being  appointed  to  the  first  when  the  Rev.  Henry  Wilkinson  was 
minister  of  that  congregation.  He  became  superintendent  of  the  Sunday-school, 
which,  at  that  time,  was  held  on  Teraulay,  near  Elm  Street,  about  1850.  The 
outcome  of  his  work  there  can  now  be  seen  in  Elm  Street  Church.  When  the 
Rev.  John  Caughey  visited  Canada  on  his  evangelistic  crusade,  in  1852-3,  he 
(Mr.  Butt)  formed  a  praying-band,  who  travelled  with  the  noted  preacher  in 
Canada,  for  the  purpose,  wherever  he  went,  of  beseeching  the  Almighty  to  grant 
him  a  harvest. 

There,  the  whole  of  the  time  that  Richmond  Street  Church  continued,  Mr.  Butt 
led  the  early  prayer-meetings,  and  when  the  new  church  on  McCaul  Street  was 
finished  he  held  there  the  first  prayer-meeting  within  its  walls.  He  continued 
to  lead  his  class  in  the  McCaul  Street  Church,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  trus 
tees,  until  his  death,  which  occurred  on  the  7th  October,  1895. 

Mr.  Butt  was  ably  assisted  in  his  work  by  his  wife,  who  was  formerly  a  Miss 
Davey,  and  was  born  in  the  well-known  seaport,  Goole,  not  far  from  Hull.  She 
came  to  Canada  with  her  father,  who  took  up  land  here,  when  she  was  but  seven 
years  of  age,  and  six  years  later  commenced  evangelistic  work  in  George  Street 
as  one  of  the  teachers  in  the  Sunday-school.  Not  only  this,  but  she  sang  in  the 
choir  when  Mr.  Baxter,  father  of  the  late  Alderman  Baxter,  was  its  leader. 
Others  associated  with  Mrs.  Butt  in  this  work  were  Mr.  Cummings,  who  kept 
the  long-since  demolished  Yonge  Street  toll-gate,  and  he  played  the  bass  viol; 
Mr.  Edwards,  who,  before  joining  the  George  Street  Church,  had  been  a  useful 
and  prominent  member  of  St.  James'  Anglican  Sunday-school  staff,  he  played  the 
flute ;  while  yet  another  member  of  the  congregation  assisted  in  the  orchestra 
with  a  violin. 

In  connection  with  the  life  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Butt  it  should  be  noted  that  on 
March  29th,  1894,  the  trustees  of  McCaul  Street  Church,  in  honor  of  the  golden 
wedding  of  the  esteemed  couple,  presented  Mr.  Butt  with  a  handsome  gold-headed 
cane  and  his  wife  with  a  pair  of  gold  spectacles,  after  an  address  in  which  they 
expressed  the  hope  that  their  lives  would  be  spared  for  a  very  long  period. 

The  first  minister  of  the  Richmond  Street  Church,  the  Rev.  Ephraim  Evans, 
was  a  native  of  Hull,  Yorkshire,  England,  where  he  received  an  excellent  educa- 


tion.  It  is  a  somewhat  singular  fact  that  three  young  men  who  were  in  the  habit 
of  meeting  together  for  mutual  improvement  from  week  to  week  in  that  town 
should  all  have  become  prominent  members  of  the  Methodist  ministry  in  North 
America.  Their  names  were  George  B.  Cookman,  Joseph  Stinson  and  Ephraim 
Evans, the  subject  of  ourpresent  sketch.  Owing  to  the  depressed  state  of  agriculture 
in  England,  and  likewise  to  the  stagnation  of  the  shipping  trade  from  Hull,  at 
that  time,  in  1823  the  Evans  family  migrated  from  Yorkshire  to  Canada.  When 
they  first  arrived  on  this  continent  they  took  up  their  home  in  what  was  then 
little  better  than  a  wilderness  near  Bytown  on  the  Ottawa  River.  The  two 
brothers,  James  and  Ephraim  respectively,  both  became  Methodist  ministers,  and 
Ephraim  Evans,  when  still  a  very  young  man,  was  stationed  at  Adelaide  Street. 

The  next  minister  at  Richmond  St.  was  Samuel  Dwight  Rice.  Speaking  of 
him,  Carroll,  in  his  admirable  biographical  work,  says.  "  This  minister  of  Christ, 
because  of  his  essential  worth  and  the  distinguished  position  he  was  destined  to 
win  for  himself  in  the  Canada  connection,  first  in  its  narrower  and  afterwards  in 
its  broader  acceptation,  deserves  more  space  than  the  greater  number.  He,  like 
his  friend  Mr.  (now  Dr.)  Wood,  came  to  us  from  New  Brunswick.  He  was  the 
son  of  a  New  England  physician,  in  which  country  Samuel  himself  was  born ; 
but  as  Dr.  Rice  settled  in  New  Brunswick  (Woodstock)  while  his  children  were 
yet  young,  this  son  grew  up  with  British  ideas  very  strongly  ingrained  within 
him,  although  the  higher  part  of  his  education  was  obtained  in  an  American  in 
stitution.  There  is  reason  to  believe  that  he  pursued  an  optional  course,  and  that 
whatever  related  to  commerce  enlisted  the  supreme  interest  of  his  eminently 
practical  mind.  Whatever  may  be  said  of  his  natural  birth,  British  ground  was 
the  place  of  his  spiritual  birth.  Fredericton,  the  capital  of  New  Brunswick,  was 
the  spot,  and  if  I  have  been  rightly  informed,  his  friend,  the  Rev.  Arthur  McNutt, 
was  the  instrument.  This  change  occurred  when  he  was  about  nineteen  years  of 
age.  In  two  short  years  from  the  time  of  his  conversion  he  was  out  in  the 
itinerant  work,  proclaiming  the  gospel  of  the  grace  of  God.  His  early  ministry 
was  bestowed  on  some  of  the  most  trying  circuits  in  the  Eastern  Provinces,  and 
that  ministry  was  characterized  by  zeal,  laboriousness,  adventurous  daring,  and 
great  success.  His  appointments  before  coming  here  had  been  as  follows :  Mira- 
michi,  St.  John's  South,  Sackville  Wesleyan  Academy,  and  St.  John's  West,  in 
which  last  he  remained  four  years ;  giving  him,  in  all,  ten  years'  ministerial  ex- 



perience  before  coming  to  Canada  West.  What  mark  he  was  destined  to  make 
in  this  Province  the  future  pages  of  this  history  will  show." 

The  ministerial  career  of  Mr.  Rice  was  as  follows  :  He  was  a  probationer  on 
trial  under  the  Eastern  British  America  Conference  from  1837  until  1841,  when 
he  was  received  into  full  communion  and  ordained  by  that  body.  He  spent 
three  years  at  Miramichi,  New  Brunswick,  then  two  at  St.  John's  South  in  the 
same  province,  then  for  a  year  was  at  the  Wesleyan  Academy,  Sackville,  and  for 
four  years,  from  1843,  was  at  St.  John's  West.  In  1847  he  was  in  Toronto  West, 
remaining  there  for  two  years  until  1849,  when  he  was  tranferred  to  the  Muncey 
Industrial  School  where  he  remained  for  one  year.  In  1850  and  for  the  two  fol 
lowing  years  he  was  at  Kingston,  the  Limestone  City,  where  he  was  honored  by 
being  appointed  Chairman.  In  1853  he  was  Treasurer  of  Victoria  College,  and 
for  the  three  years  following  it  Governor  of  the  same  institution.  In  1857  and 
for  the  two  years  immediately  succeeding  it,  he  was  in  Hamilton,  where,  in 
addition  to  his  ministerial  duties,  he  filled  the  office  of  Financial  Secretary.  The 
next  two  years  were  also  spent  in  Hamilton,  where,  for  a  time,  he  was  on  the 
superannuation  list,  resuming  active  work  in  1862.  Then  for  ten  years,  from 
1863  until  1873,  he  was  Governor  of  the  Wesleyan  Female  College,  Hamilton, 
and  in  1874  joined  the  London  Conference.  In  1880  he  went  to  Winnipeg, 
where  he  was  District  Chairman. 

After  leaving  Richmond  St.,  Mr.  Evans  was  for  several  years  under  the  juris 
diction  of  the  Eastern  British  American  Conference.  In  1857  he  went  to  Kino-- 


ston  and  remained  there  two  years,  arid  in  the  next  year  went  to  Victoria,  Van 
couver  Island,  remaining  there  until  1865,  when  he  went  to  British  Columbia 
where  he  remained  two  years.  Then  he  came  back  to  the  Province  of  Ontario, 
was  in  Hamilton  for  two  years  and  at  Yorkville  for  the  same  period.  He  died 
in  Toronto  in  June,  1892,  at  an  advanced  age.  On  leaving  the  Eastern  British 
American  Conference  in  1857,  the  following  resolution  was  passed  by  the  Confer 
ence  and  presented  to  Dr.  Evans : 

"  That  the  Conference  hereby  expresses  its  unfeigned  and  deep  sense  of  the 
loss  our  work  in  Eastern  British  America  will  sustain  by  the  removal  of  so  valu 
able  a  brother  as  Dr.  Evans ;  one  who  has  rendered  us  such  efficient  service  in 
the  different  positions  he  has  so  honorably  and  usefully  sustained  during  his  nine 
years  residence  in  these  Provinces,  not  only  more  recently  in  his  connection  with 


our  academic  institution,  but  also  while  filling  the  chair  of  a  large  and  important 
district.  The  brethren  cannot  allow  Dr.  Evans  to  separate  from  them  without 
their  unanimous  expression  of  their  high  appreciation  of  his  Christian  character, 
and  his  effective  and  ministerial,  business-like  capabilities,  as  evinced  in  the  pru 
dent  counsels  and  valuable  aid  afforded  by  him  in  our  new  position  as  a  confer- 
ential  organization ;  and  while  the  ties  between  him  and  them  as  members  of 
the  same  Conference  are  now  to  be  severed,  their  earnest  prayers  will  follow  him 
to  his  intended  destination,  that  in  the  sphere  of  labour,  and  wherever  in  future 
his  providential  lot  may  be  cast,  he  may  still  be  extensively  useful  in  the  work 
of  the  Lord,  and  that  when  the  toils  of  earth  are  passed,  we  may  all  have  the 
ineffable  delight  of  greeting  in  the  heavenly  rest." 

The  following  tribute  from  the  Rev.  John  Hunt  also  appeared  in  one  of  the 
religious  papers  connected  with  the  Methodist  body,  immediately  after  his  death: 


"  Your  fathers,  where  are  they  ?  and  the  prophets,  do  they  live  forever  ? "  No, 
they  do  not.  One  after  another  they  pass  away,  and  thus  the  links  that  join  us 
to  a  former  generation  are  broken,  as  they  become  united  to  the  great  majority 
beyond  the  river.  Ephraim  Evans  is  gone.  But  few,  scarcely  any,  of  the  same 
class  of  men  remain.  Well  do  I  remember  him  during  the  first  years  of  my 
ministry,  in  connection  with  an  Alder,  a  Richey,  a  Stinson,  and  several  other  mem 
bers  of  the  district,  under  the  direction  of  the  British  Wesley  an  Missionary  Society. 
These  and  many  more  are  all  gone.  Many  of  us  follow  hard  after.  It  won't 
be  lontr  till  we  see  them  in  the  better  land.  I  am  not  one  of  those  who  say  "the 


former  days  were  better  than  these,"  but  I  will  say  this,  without  fear  of  success 
ful  contradiction,  there  were  "  giants  in  those  days  "  in  our  Methodist  Church  in 
this  Canada  of  ours  equal  to  those  of  any  other  land.  Was  not  Ephraim  Evans 
one  of  them  ?  He  was  a  noble  preacher.  He  was  an  uncompromising  and  most 
successful  controversialist,  a  necessity  of  the  times  in  many  parts  of  the  coun 
try.  He  was  a  firm  administrator  of  discipline.  He  was  very  kind  and  helpful 
—this  I  well  know— to  his  younger  brethren.  He  was  also  what  every 
minister  in  every  place  should  be,  a  courteous,  dignified  Christian  gentleman. 

Forty-seven  years  ago  I  was  stationed  at  Goderich.  The  territory  of  that  mis 
sion  consisted  of  parts  of  nine  different  townships,  and  no  Methodist  minister 
was  nearer  than  Ephraim  Evans  at  London,  sixty  miles  distant.  At  one  of  my 


Quarterly  Meetings,  after  preaching  for  one  hour  and  twenty  minutes,  he  said, 
"  Well,  friends,  you  must  bear  with  my  infirmity,"  and  then  went  on  for  thirty 
minutes  longer,  after  which  he  baptized  thirty-two  children,  and  no  one  left  be 
fore,  but  many  lingered  after  the  benediction. 

I  will  venture  to  speak  for  the  young  men  of  that  day,  who,  with  their  seniors, 
have  already  joined  the  company  innumerable.  Ardent  and  joyous  were  the 
anticipations  of  meeting  our  loved  and  respected  leaders  in  the  conflict,  either 
on  the  missionary  platform  or  the  meeting  of  the  district.  Those  were  occasions 
of  u  mingled  pleasure  and  delight.  In  addition  to  the  names  already  mentioned, 
I  would  not  lightly  pass  those  of  Hetherington,  Howard,  Cooney,  Scott,  Mars- 
den  and  others.  They  are  all  gone.  And  Ephraim  Evans  now  has  received  their 
greetings  "  over  there."  Farewell !  Farewell  !  Soon  others  of  us  will  join  that 
happy  band. 

150  Wilton  Avenue, 

Toronto,  June  20th,  1892. 

In  the  same  year  Dr.  Rice  was  transferred  from  the  London  to  the  Toronto 
Conference.  On  the  occasion  of  his  transfer  to  the  Toronto  Conference,  the  fol 
lowing  resolution,  moved  by  Dr.  Sanderson,  and  seconded  by  Rev.  William  S. 
Griffin,  was  unanimously  adopted  by  the  Conference  by  a  rising  vote  : — 

"  This  Conference  cannot  allow  the  occasion  of  the  departure  of  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Rice  from  this  to  the  Toronto  Conference,  with  a  view  of  occupying  a  distant 
field  of  labor  and  of  responsibility,  without  placing  upon  record  its  high  appre 
ciation  of  the  ability,  fidelity  and  zeal  which  have  distinguished  our  beloved 
brother  in  the  various  positions  of  trust  and  responsibility  occupied  by  him.  His 
wisdom  in  the  councils  of  the  Church,  his  sympathy  with  his  brethren,  will  not 
be  forgot  ten  by  us,  any  more  than  his  indefatigable  and  successful  efforts  in  the 
cause  of  female  education.  We  part  with  Dr.  Rice  with  great  regret,  and  pray 
God  to  be  with  him  in  the  future,  as  in  the  past,  and  make  the  remainder  of  his 
life  even  a  greater  blessing  to  the  Church  of  his  affection  than  the  past  of  his 
useful  life  has  been." 

The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  Dr.  Rice  by  Victoria  Univer 
sity  in  1867.  He  was  Secretary  of  Conference  in  1855,  and  President  in  London 
in  1873,  and  again  at  Hamilton  in  1874.  He  was  also  in  1874  a  Delegate  to  the 
First  General  Conference,  held  in  Toronto. 


The  Rev.  William  Squire,  like  Mr.  Rice  who  has  been  referred  to  in  the  pre 
vious  biography,  filled  a  somewhat  important  place  in  the  Methodist  ministry. 
He  began  his  ministerial  work  in  1820,  the  year  in  which  he  was  ordained,  and 
labored  as  a  missionary  from  that  date,  until  1824,  in  the  West  Indian  Islands. 
Then  for  twenty -two  years  he  was  in  Canada  East,  in  several  important  stations, 
and  in  1847  came  to  Kingston,  where  for  the  two  years  he  was  in  that  city  he 
was  the  Chairman.  The  next  two  years,  1849-50,  were  spent  at  Richmond  St., 
Toronto  west.,  and  then  again  in  1851  he  returned  to  the  lower  province  and 
was  stationed  at  Montreal  west.  He  died  October  16th,  1852,  in  his  fifty-seventh 
year  and  in  the  thirty- second  year  of  his  work.  Mr.  Squire  was  born  in  Eng 
land,  near  Bath  in  Somersetshire,  in  1795.  Carroll  gives  the  following  interest 
ing  account  of  him  : 

"  Three  or  four  years'  excessive  labors  in  the  exhausting  climate  of  Grenada, 
St.  Vincent  and  St.  Lucia,  terminated  in  a  fever,  whictv  in  one  form  or  another, 
prostrated  him  for  about  eight  months,  when  he  was,  by  medical  advice,  removed 
from  that  trying  field,  to  which  the  affections  of  his  heart  clung  to  the  Jaet,  and 
to  which  he  expected  to  return.  He  was  carried  from  his  sick-room  to  a  vessel 
sailing  to  Quebec. 

"Late  in  the  autumn  of  1824,  John  Fisher,  Esq.,  of  Quebec,  a  merchant  and  a 
Methodist,  heard  of  the  arrival  in  that  port  of  a  ship  from  the  West  Indies,  having 
on  board  a  '  Methodist  preacher.'  Mr.  F. — who,  by  the  way,  is  a  grandson  of 
Philip  Embury,  celebrated  because  through  his  instrumentality  the  first  strictly 
Methodist  congregation  assembled  in  the  United  States,  and  more,  perhaps,  be 
cause  it  was  he  who  preached  to  them  the  first  Methodist  sermon — sent  a  note 
to  the  ship,  begging  that  if  there  were  really  a  Wesleyan  Methodist  minister  on 
board  he  would  accept  a  home  under  his  roof.  This  note  was  shortly  answered 
by  the  appearance  at  our  friend's  door  of  the  thin,  shattered,  trembling  frame  of 
Mr.  Squire,  who  often  spoke  in  after  years  of  the  kind  and  hearty  manner  in 
which  he  was  received  into  the  abode  of  this  Christian  family. 

"  Although  the  Rev.  Wm.  Squire,  upon  whom  we  have  thus  stumbled,  held  the 
West  Indies  to  be  his  appointed  sphere  of  labor,  to  which  he  must  return  so  soon 
as  his  health  was  sufficiently  restored,  yet  he  consented  to  assist  the  Rev.  James 
Knowlan,  Chairman  of  the  District,  in  the  place  of  Mr.  Sfcinson,  removed.  The 
northern  climate  soon  renovated  him,  so  that  he  frequently  preached  five  times 


a  week,  besides  discharging  the  other  duties  of  a  Missionary  in  a  new  country." 
The  Rev.  Charles  Lavell,  who  during  the  years  1853-54,  was  one  of  the  clergy 
attached  to  Richmond  St.  Church,  also  had  a  somewhat  interesting  history.  He 
was  left  an  orphan  at  a  very  early  age,  but  received  an  excellent  education 
through  the  kindness  of  some  of  his  friends.  As  a  lad  he  was  employed  as  a 
salesman  in  the  Wesleyan  Book  Room  in  Toronto,  working  there  after  four  o'clock 
in  the  day,  when  he  was  dismissed  from  Upper  Canada  College  where  he  was 
being  educated.  He  was  a  man  of  great  refinement  and  very  scholarly,  and  for 
the  period  an  excellent  classical  scholar.  His  ministerial  career  began  in  1846. 
He  was  in  Toronto  from  1853  until  1855,  and  then  again  in  the  same  city 
from  1861  until  1862.  For  two  years  he  labored  in  Montreal  and  returned 
to  the  Province  of  Ontario  in  1865,  serving  rather  more  than  a  year  in 
Cobourg.  The  Conference  then  removed  him  to  Gait,  in  which  place  he 
was  the  Chairman.  Then  in  18ti9  he  went  to  Stratford,  remaining  there  until 
1872.  Then  he  went  to  Seaforth  and  in  1874  he  was  placed  under  the  jurisdic 
tion  of  the  London  Conference.  From  1869  until  1873  he  was  Chairman  of  the 
Goderich  District.  Mr.  Lavell  was  appointed  a  delegate  to  the  First  General 
Conference  held  in  Toronto  in  1874,  having  previously  been  Secretary  of  Con 
ference  during  the  years  1868  and  1869. 

The  Rev.  George  Douglas,  who  was  at  Richmond  St.  from  1857  till  1859,  was 
ordained  at  Montreal  east  in  1852,  having  for  the  four  previous  years  been 
employed  in  missionary  effort  in  Bermuda.  He  was  a  painstaking  and  efficient 
minister,  and  the  greater  part  of  his  ministerial  life  was  passed  in  the  Province 
of  Quebec.  In  1873  he  was  Principal  of  the  Theological  College  in  Montreal, 
having  three  years  previously,  that  is,  in  1870,  had  the  degree  of  LL.D.  conferred 
upon  him  by  the  University  of  McGill,  Montreal.  He  was  one  of  the  Delegates 
to  the  First  General  Conference  in  Toronto  in  1874. 

The  Rev.  William  Pollard,  who  officiated  at  Richmond  St.  from  1863  until 
1865,  was,  in  the  first  of  these  years,  Financial  Secretary  of  the  District,  and  in 
the  two  latter  years  its  Chairman.  After  spending  various  terms  in  Barrie  and 
Cobourg,  in  1871  he  went  to  Victoria,  Vancouver  Island,  where  he  remained 
three  years,  during  which  period  he  was  elected  to  the  office  of  Chairman.  In 
1878  he  was  placed  on  the  superannuation  list. 


About  the  year  1880  it  became  apparent  to  everyone  attending  the  services  of 
Richmond  St.  Church  that  its  usefulness  had  departed.  The  residential  portion 
of  the  city  had,  in  consequence  of  the  extension  of  business  and  of  manufactories, 
been  crowded  out  of  the  central  streets,  and  they  who  resided  there  had  been 
compelled  to  find  dwelling  places  in  the  various  suburbs,  where,  as  the  popula 
tion  increased,  new  churches  were  consequently  erected.  Gradually  Old  Rich 
mond  lost  its  adherents,  though  many  old  members  remained  loyal  to  the  last, 
and  were  most  unhappy  at  having  to  leave  the  old-fashioned  church. 

A  special  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  was  held  February  6th,  188 2,  when 
the  question  of  selling  the  building  was  brought  forward.  Among  those  present 
were  Alexander  Hamilton,  H.  E.  Clark,  E.  M.  Morphy,  W.  H.  Pearson,  John  J. 
Withrow,  W.  Wharin  and  W.  Edwards.  The  following  resolution  was  then 
passed  unanimously  : 

"  That  this  church  property  be  offered  for  sale,  and  that  the  offer  of  the  General 
Missionary  Committee,  on  terms  and  conditions  previously  stated,  be  respectfully 
referred  to  the  Quarterly  Board  for  their  consideration  and  advice,  the  offer 
being  understood  to  be  subject  to  the  condition  that  the  property  is  to  be  here 
after  used  for  connexional  purposes,  and  that  this  Board  desires  to  reserve  all 
the  pews  and  their  upholstery  ;  the  platform  and  the  pulpit ;  the  large  and  small 
organs ;  the  seats  in  the  basement  and  all  other  furniture,  for  the  purpose  of 
donating  the  same  to  a  new  church  interest  and  enterprise  in  this  city  or  else 
where,  or  to  any  other  purpose  as  may  hereafter  be  determined  upon." 

There  was  considerable  diversity  of  opinion  as  to  how  the  property  was  to  be 
disposed  of,  but  in  the  end  it  was  decided  to  dispose  of  it  to  the  General 
Missionary  Society.  The  money  arising  from  the  sale  was,  in  the  first  place, 
destined  to  be  devoted  to  the  erection  of  two  churches,  one  in  the  northern  por 
tion  of  the  city,  and  another  in  the  west,  but  this  scheme  was  in  the  end 
abandoned,  and  the  McCaul  St.  Church,  known  some  times  as  the  "New 
Richmond  Church,"  was  built  and  superseded  the  old  building  of  which  we  have 
been  speaking. 

This  brings  the  history  of  the  Old  Richmond  St.  Church  to  a  close.     It  was 
one  of  the  "  Landmarks  of  Toronto"  and  not  only  that,  but  one  of  the  mother 
Churches  of  the  Methodist  body,  not  only  in  Toronto  but  throughout  the  whole 
of  the  Province  of  Upper  Canada. 


The  Metropolitan  Church. 

our  previous  chapters  we  have  been  dealing  with  the  early  history 
of  Methodism  in  Toronto,  and  have,  as  far  as  possible,  tried  to  give 
an  accurate  and  faithful  account  of  the  old  churches  on  King,  George, 
Adelaide  and  Richmond  Streets.  They  were  the  predecessors  of,  from 
them  have  sprung,  the  whole  of  the  Methodist  churches  which  are  now  to 
be  found  in  Toronto  and  its  immediate  vicinity.  Branches  from  one  or 
other  of  them  have  extended  in  the  north-west  of  the  city  to  Davenport,  in  the 
north-east  to  Todmorden,  and  in  the  north  to  Davisville,  and  then  again  in  the 
extreme  east  end  to  East  Toronto.  These  will  in  due  course  all  be  referred  to. 
We  shall  now  revert,  somewhat  more  briefly  though  than  we  have  done  in  the 
case  of  the  pioneer  churches,  to  the  history  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  built  in 
1870-71  on  McGill  Square,  Toronto. 

This  church  occupies  the  whole  of  the  block  bounded  on  the  south  by  Queen  St. 
east  on  the  west  by  Bond  St.,  on  the  north  by  Shuter  St.  and  on  the  east  by 
Church  St.,  and  has  a  superficial  area  of  about  two  acres.  When  the  McGill  property 
was  for  sale  it  became  known  to  the  trustees  of  Adelaide  St.  Church,  who  were 
hesitatino1  as  to  the  advisability  of  purchasing,  that  if  they  did  not  do  so,  the 
authorities  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Diocese  of  Toronto  were  resolved  to  purchase 
the  land  upon  which  now  stands  the  Metropolitan  Church.  This  information  at 
once  caused  the  trustees  to  decide  upon  their  policy,  and  they  agreed  to  the  vendors' 
terms.  This  was  in  1870,  and  immediately  after  the  purchase  of  the  land  the 
erection  of  the  building  was  proceeded  with.  Its  appearance  is  familiar  to  every 
one  resident  in  Toronto,  and  those  who  read  this  book  outside  of  that  city  will  be 
able  to  see  for  themselves  what  it  is  like  through  the  engraving  in  this  volume. 
In  appearance  it  resembles  somewhat  the  parish  church  of  Doncaster  in  York 
shire,  England,  though  it  lacks  the  venerable  aspect  of  that  building.  It  is  in  the 
Gothic  style  of  architecture  and  has  a  magnificent  tower  with  pinnacles  of  light 
and  graceful  design  at  each  of  its  four  corners.  It  will  accommodate,  without 
using  the  draw-seats  no  less  than  nineteen  hundred  worshippers,  though  it  is 



said  that  on  one  occasion,  that  of  a  special  service  for  young  men,  nearly  three 
thousand  hearers  obtained  admission  within  its  walls.  The  names  of  the  original 
trustees  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  in  1870  is  as  follows  :— 

Rev.  W.  M.  Punshon,  D.D,     -  Died  14th  April,  1881. 

Egerton  Ryerson,  D.D.,  -  "     19th  February,  1882. 

Anson  Green,  D.D.,  "     19th  February,  1879. 

"    Lachlan  Taylor,  "     4th  September,  1881. 

"    Enoch  Wood,  D.D.,  20th  May,  1881. 

"    Samuel  Rose,  D.D.,  "     16th  July,  1890. 

Mr.    W.  T.  Mason,  "     6th  November,  1882. 

«     John  MacDonald,  "     4th  February,  1890. 

Dr.   W.  T.  Aikens,  "     24th  May,  1897. 

Mr.  James  Paterson,  Resigned. 

Charles  Moore,  Died  9th  August,  1896, 

"     James  Myles,  Also  dead. 

Edward  Leadley,      -  Resigned. 

"•     George  Flint,  -  Resigned. 


"     George  Charlesworth,  Died  29th  July,  1887. 

John  Morphy,  "     May  1st,  1895. 

"     John  Rowland,  Resigned. 

"     John  Segs worth,  Resigned. 

"     T.  G.  Mason. 

The  trustees  in  June,  1899,  are  as  follows  :— 

Mr.  A.  J.  Mason,  Dr.  W.  E.  Wilmott,  Mr.  J.  J.  MacLaren,  Dr.  E.  J.  Barrick, 
Mr.  Andrew  Carrick,  Mr.  W.  Lawrence,  Mr.  W.  C.  Matthews,  Mr.  John  M.  Treble, 
Mr.  B.  E.  Bull,  Dr.  J.  B.  Wilmott,  Mr.  Frederick  Roper,  Mr.  Chester  D.  Massey, 
Mr.  J.  J.  Withrow,  Mr.  George  H.  Parks,  Mr.  T.  G.  Mason, 

By  comparing  these  two  lists  it  will  be  seen  that  T.  G.  Mason  is  the  only  one 
of  the  original  trustees  who  now  remain. 

The  list  of  ministers  in  the  Metropolitan  Church,  dating  from  1870,  comprises 
the  following  names  :  — 

1870-71-72  George  Cochran. 

1873-74-75  John  Potts. 

1876-77-78        -         -         William  Briggs. 

124  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

1879  John  Potts. 

1880-81     -  John  Potts,  pastor. 

Egerton  Ryerson,  D.D.,  LL.D. 
W.  Briggs. 
S.  Rose,  D.D. 
J.  G.  Manley. 
1882  J.  Potts,  D.D.,  pastor. 

Egerton  Ryerson,  D.D.,  LL.D. 
S.  Rose,  D.D. 
J.  G.  Manley. 
W.  H.  Withrow,  M.A. 

1883-84-85  H.  Johnston,  M.A.,  B.D. 

188G-87-88  E.  A.  Stafford,  M.A.,  LL.B. 

1889-90-91  LeRoy  Hooker. 

1892-93-94  John  V.  Smith. 

1895-96-97  James  Allen,  M.A. 

1898-99     -  R.  P.  Bowles. 

One  of  the  most  energetic  supporters  of  the  scheme  for  building  the  Metro 
politan  Church  was  the  Rev.  William  Morley  Punshon,  LL.D.,  President  of  the 
Canada  Conference  from  1868  until  1872.  He  was  one  of  the  most  noted 
preachers,  not  only  in  the  Methodist  Church  but  also  in  the.  English-speaking 
world.  To  few  men  has  greater  popularity  and  acclaim  been  given,  and  the 
following  are  some  few  particulars  relating  to  the  career  of  that  eminent  divine : 
William  Morley  Punshon,  a  native  of  Doncaster,  England,  was  born  in  the 
year  1824.  His  father  was  a  draper  in  that  town,  engaged  in  a  large  and  pros 
perous  business,  and  at  the  same  time  a  prominent  and  active  supporter  of  the 
Wesleyan  cause.  He  received  his  second  name  after  his  uncle,  Sir  Isaac  Morley, 
a  gentleman  well  known  for  many  years  in  the  West  Riding  of  Yorkshire,  and 
who  lived  to  witness  the  eminence  to  which  his  nephew  and  namesake  attained. 
His  education  was  commenced  in  his  native  town,  but  when  about  eleven  years 
of  age  was  placed  under  the  care  of  a  gentleman,  the  son  of  a  Congregational 
minister,  at  Heanor  in  Derbyshire,  where  he  discovered  a  singular  aptitude  for 
learning.  At  that  time  he  was  a  stubby  lad,  with  fresh  curly  hair,  a  full  pro 
portion  of  the  love  of  sport,  and  above  all  a  most  extraordinary  memory.  He 


would  commit  to  memory,  for  the  mere  pleasure  of  the  effort,  long  passages  from 
the  "  Speaker,"  and  recite  them  to  his  school-fellows ;  and  it  is  said  that  he 
could  repeat  the  names  of  all  the  British  constituencies,  with  the  names  of  all  the 
members  representing  them,  without  a  mistake.  Notwithstanding  these  and 
other  indications  of  remarkable  ability,  he  was  not  designed  by  .his  father  for 
public  or  professional  life,  nor  does  it  appear  that  at  this  period  his  mind  was 
drawn  out  to  the  vast  concerns  of  the  future.  At  fifteen  years  of  age  he  was 
placed  at  Hull,  as  a  clerk  in  the  shipping  business,  from  which  port  he  sub 
sequently  removed  to  Sunderland.  When  about  twenty  years  of  age  he  was  re 
moved  to  Woolwich,  and  his  residence  was  with  his  uncle  the  Rev.  Benjamin 
Clough.  Mr.  Clough  was  a  man  of  rare  though  not  showy  endowments.  A 
distinguished  oriental  scholar,  he  had  compiled  a  dictionary  of  the  Singalese, 
which,  after  forty  years,  still  remains  the  basis  of  all  similar  works  in  that 

It  was  under  his  advice  that  Mr.  Funshon  made  his  early  attempts  at  preaching, 
and  in  May,  1845,  he  presented  himself  for  examination  in  London  as  a  candi 
date  for  the  Wesleyan  ministry. 

At  the  Conference  of  1843,  he  received  his  first  appointment  to  Whitehaven, 
where  he  spent  two  years,  followed  by  two  years  in  Carlisle  and  three  years  in 
Newcastle.  This  residence  of  seven  years  won  for  him  an  extraordinary  popularity 
in  the  far  north,  his  faithful  devotion  to  every  department  of  his  work  being  no 
less  remarkable  than  his  eloquence.  Previous  to  his  entrance  into  the  ministry  he 
had  published  a  small  volume  of  poems ;  and  when  at  Carlisle  he  made  his  first 
literary  effort  of  a  religious  kind,  entitled,  "  Tabor,  or  the  Class  Meeting."  This 
little  publication  was  an  indication  of  that  ardent  attachment  to  the  usages  and 
discipline  of  Methodism  which  characterized  his  life,  though  in  combination  with 
such  a  breadth  of  view  and  catholicity  of  spirit  that  he  has  been  claimed  again 
and  again  by  other  churches  as  almost  their  own. 

Soon  after  going  to  reside  at  Newcastle  he  married  the  daughter  of  Mr. 
Vickers,  of  Gateshead.  She  died  in  1858,  leaving  several  children.  After  leav 
ing  Newcastle,  the  next  six  years  were  spent  in  Yorkshire,  three  years  in  Shef 
field  and  three  in  Leeds.  While  in  Leeds  his  popularity  was  approaching  its 
height.  It  was  in  January,  1854,  that  Mr.  Punshon  made  his  first  appearance  in 
Exeter  Hall,  London,  as  a  lecturer  in  connection  with  the  Young  Men's  Christian 

126  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

Association.      The  subject  was  "  The  Prophet  of  Horeb,"  and  the  lecturer  pro 
duced  a  marked  impression.      He  did  not  appear  again  in  this  capacity  until  the 
beginning  of  1857,  when  he  delivered  what  was  probably,  for  rhetorical  effect, 
his  masterpiece,  his  lecture  on  "  John  Bunyan."    This  oration  was  delivered  with 
electrical  effect    in   various  places.       In   1858,  Mr.  Punshon   received  an   ap 
pointment  to  Bays  water,  where  the  task  was  assigned  to  him  of  endeavoring  to 
raise  a  new  Wesley  an  cause  and  congregation.      This  he  accomplished  beyond 
expectation,  and   in  1861  he  was  removed  to  Islington.      During  this   period 
several  other  lectures  were  delivered  by  him,  which  excited  remarkable  interest. 
One  of  these,  "  The   Huguenots,"    was  published  at  a   shilling,   and  from   the 
proceeds  of  its  delivery  Mr.  Punshon  gave  a  donation  of  a  thousand  pounds  to 
wards  the  Wesleyan  Chapel,  in  Spitalfields.      Large  sums  were  also  raised  for 
various  local  charities  by  means  of  his  lectures.      His  generosity  and  unselfish 
ness  were  unbounded.      In   1862,  seeing   the  poor  accommodation  provided  by 
Wesleyans  in  several  popular  watering  places,  he  undertook  to  raise  within  five 
years,  by  lecturing  and  personal  solicitation,  the  sum  of  ten  thousand  pounds,  in 
aid  o?  a  fund  for  the  erection  of  chapels  in  those  places.      During  the  five  years 
of  hia  zealous  ministrations  spent  in  Canada,  every  department  of  the  Church 
benefited  by  his  energy  and   genius.      The  Victoria  College  Endowment,  the 
Metropoli  an  Church,  the  Japan  Mission,  and  the  Methodist  Union  and  numer 
ous  other  enterprises  are  largely  indebted  to  his  generous  aid.     Not  merely  the 
great  cities,  but  the  remote  hamlets,  enjoyed  his  presence  and  assistance,  and 
journeys  to  the  aggregate  extent  of  a  hundred  thousand  miles  on  this  continent 
attested  to  his  energy  and  zeal. 

Upon  his  return  to  England,  he  was  elevated  by  the  suffrages  of  his  brethren 
to  the  highest  dignity  in  their  gift,  that  of  President  of  the  Weslyan  Conference, 
afterwards  becoming  Secretary  of  the  Missionary  Society. 

On  the  14th  day  of  April,  1881,  he  died,  after  a  short  illness  in  London, 

One  of  the  most  prominent  laymen  who  worked  in  connection  with  building 
the  Metropolitan  Church,  was  Mr.  William  T.  Mason,  brother  of  the  two  trustees 
of  the  same  name,  and  of  Mr.  J.  Herbert  Mason,  who  is  so  well  known  in  Anglican 
circles.  To  Mr.  Mason's  untiring  energy,  constant  preseverance  and  indefatigable 
zeal  the  erection  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  was  in  a  great  degree  owing.  It  is 


perfectly  true  that  he  was  ably  supported,  patronized  as  we  may  call  it,  by  the 
Rev.  W.  M.  Punshon.  But  much  as  Dr.  Punshon  accomplished,  much  as  he  could 
undoubtedly  have  done,  he  could  not  unaided  have  carried  to  successful  comple 
tion  such  a  gigantic  scheme  as  buying  two  acres  of  land  in  the  very  centre  of 
Toronto,  and  building  thereon  an  edifice  equal  in  architectural  beauty,  seating 
capacity  and  general  usefulness,  to  that  of  any  similar  ecclesiastical  building 
either  on  this  continent  or  in  Great  Britain. 

Whatever  Mr.  Mason  did,  he  did  it  well.  In  fact,  he  was  often  heard  to  quote 
during  his  lifetime,  the  very  true  if  somewhat  hackneyed  proverb,  that  "  What 
is  worth  doing  at  all  is  worth  doing  well." 

Another  of  the  original  trustees  was  the  Rev.  Egerton  Ryerson.  To  give  a 
full  account  of  the  life  of  that  eminent  clergyman  it  would  be  necessary  to  re 
count  the  educational  history  of  the  Province  of  Ontario  for  the  past  sixty  years. 
Dr.  Ryerson,  though  an  eminent,  deeply  learned  and  earnest  minister,  and  a  most 
zealous  Methodist,  was  at  the  same  time  far  more  of  a  statesman  and  an  ad 
ministrator  than  he  was  an  ecclesiastic.  Some  particulars  as  to  his  ministerial 
career  have  already  appeared  in  an  earlier  portion  of  this  history,  therefore,  be 
yond  these  few  words  it  is  not  necessary  here  to  say  anything  further  re 
specting  him.* 

The  Rev.  Anson  Green,  D.D.,  filled  an  important  place  in  the  annals  of  the 
Methodist  Church  in  Canada  for  more  than  fifty-five  years.  He  entered  upon 
the  work  of  the  ministry  in  1824,  and  for  three  years  worked  as  a  probationer, 
being  ordained  in  1827  at  Ancaster.  In  the  two  next  years  he  was  at  Fort 
George,  then  in  1830  at  Brockville  and  in  1832  in  the  Augusta  district,  of  which 
he  was  Chairman  in  1835.  The  next  three  years  were  spent  in  the  Bay  of  Quinte 
district  where  he  filled  the  office  of  Chairman.  Then  he  came  to  Toronto  where  he 
was  similarly  honored.  He  then  went  to  Hamilton  and  filled  the  same  office,  and 
in  1844  was  in  Toronto  again,  and  likewise  Chairman.  Then  from  1845  until  1853 
he  was  Book  Steward  for  the  western  section  of  the  Conference  and  in  1854  was 
placed  on  the  superannuation  list,  remaining  there  until  1858,  when  he  again 
resumed  active  work.  For  the  next  six  years  he  again  filled  the  office  of  Book 
Steward,  and  in  1865  was  finally  superannuated,  though  after  his  superannuation 
he  constantly  preached.  He  died  in  February  1879  after  a  long,  laborious  and 
honorable  career. 

*See  Notes  at  end  of  Volume. — Ed. 


The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  Mr.  Green  in  1853  by  a  United 
States  University.  He  was  Secretary  of  the  Conference  in  1341,  President  of 
that  body  in  1842  and  again  in  1863,  and  was  twice  elected  a  representative  to 
the  English  Wesleyan  Conference,  viz.,  in  1854  and  again  in  1856.  In  addition 
to  holding  these  offices  he  was  elected  a  delegate  to  the  First  General  Conference 
held  in  Toronto  in  1874. 

The  Rev.  Lachlan  Taylor,  who  was  also  one  of  the  original  trustees,  has  already 
been  referred  to  in  the  notice  of  George  St.  Church.  His  death  occurred  on 
September  4th,  1881.* 

The  Rev.  Enoch  Wood,  D.D.,  entered  the  ministry  in  the  Eastern  British 
American  District  in  1826,  and  was  immediately  sent  to  the  West  Indian  Islands, 
where  he  remained  until  the  end  of  the  year  1828,  his  last  station  being  St.  Kitts. 
He  then  returned  to  New  Brunswick,  serving  at  Miramichi  and  Fredericton  for 
two  and  three  years  respectively.  Then  he  went  to  St.  John,  St.  John  North, 
St.  John  South,  St.  John  again,  and  once  more  to  Fredericton,  in  each  of  these 
places  remaining  two,  three,  three,  two  and  one  year  respectively.  The  end  of 
the  year  1847  saw  the  severance  of  Dr.  Wood's  connection  with  the  Maritime. 
Provinces,  for  in  that  year  he  came  to  Toronto,  where  for  twenty-one  years,  until 
1868,  he  filled  the  office  of  Superintendent  of  Missions.  A  change  occurred  in 
his  work  in  1869,  when  he  was  the  Missionary  Secretary,  filling  that  post  until 
1878  when  he  resigned,  when  out  of  respect  for  his  many  years'  arduous  labor  he 
was  appointed  Honorary  Secretary  to  the  Missionary  Department.  Dr.  Wood 
filled  many  offices  in  connection  with  the  Methodist  Conference.  He  was  Presi 
dent  from  1851  until  1857,  again  in  1862  and  yet  again  in  1874  and  1875.  The 
honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  him  by  the  Victoria  University  in 
1860.  In  the  First  General  Conference  held  in  Toronto  in  1874  he  was  chosen 
by  his  brethren  as  one  of  the  delegates.  His  death  occurred  on  the  20th  May, 

The  Rev.  Samuel  Rose,  D.D.,  entered  the  ministry  in  1831  as  a  probationer, 
and  was  received  into  full  communion  and  ordained  at  Stamford  in  1836.  From 
then  until  1849  he  served  in  the  last  mentioned  place  for  three  years,  two  years 
in  St.  Catharines,  one  in  London,  two  in  Brantford,  three  in  Yonge  St.  and  three 
in  Dundas.  From  1850  until  1855  he  was  at  Mount  Elgin  and  Muncey,  and  from 
1856  until  1864  at  Dundas,  Thorold,  St.  Catharines  and  Belleville.  During  the 
*See  Notes  at  end  of  Volume. — ED. 


whole  of  that  period  he  was  the  District  Chairman.  Then  coming  to  Toronto  in 
1865  he  was  Book  Steward  from  that  year  until  1873,  was  re-elected  in  1874  and 
continued  to  discharge  the  duties  of  that  office  until  1880,  when  he  was  superan 
nuated.  The  honorary  degree  of  D.D.  was  conferred  upon  Dr.  Rose  by  the  Cen 
tral  Tennessee  College  of  Nashville,  Kentucky,  U.S.A.,  in  May  1878.  He  was  a 
co-delegate  of  the  Conference  in  1867,  and  one  of  the  delegates  to  the  First  Gen 
eral  Conference  held  in  Toronto  in  1874.  Dr.  Rose  was  not  alone  a  most  efficient 
minister,  but  he  also  was  an  excellent  business  man,  for  which  good  quality  he 
had  acquired  a  widespread  reputation,  and  it  was  in  consequence  of  his  bearing 
that  reputation  that  he  was  removed  from  Dundas  to  take  charge  of  the  Indus 
trial  Institute  of  Muncey  Town,  a  work  in  which,  being  specially  fitted  for 
it,  he  was  eminently  successful.  A  well-informed  writer  thus  described 
Mr.  Rose  when  he  first  entered  upon  the  work  of  the  ministry :  "  A  man 
of  almost  gigantic  stature,  but  of  symmetrical  build  and  nearly  Herculean 
strength.  He  had  been  employed  at  the  Lake  Simcoe  Mission,  where  he  per 
formed  prodigies  in  every  department  of  the  work,  as  preacher,  as  teacher,  build 
er,  stone-boater,  and  whatever  else  was  to  be  done  to  help  on  the  work,  since 
early  in  the  preceding  spring.  A  '  goodlier  young  man '  than  this  was  then  no 
where  to  be  found."  Dr.  Rose  died,  full  of  years  and  honors,  July  16th,  1890. 

Mr.  John  Macdonald  was  one  of  the  prominent  laymen  in  the  Methodist  com 
munion  in  Toronto  for  a  great  number  of  years.  It  is  all  but  unnecessary  to 
give  any  biographical  sketch  of  him  as  he  has  given  us  an  autobiography 
of  himself,  both  valuable  arid  interesting,  which  we  have  already  quoted  in 
our  history  of  George  St.  Church.  Mr.  Macdonald  died  on  the  4th  February, 
1890,  beloved  and  respected  by  all  who  knew  him,  and  absolutely  revered  by  his 
family  and  relatives.* 

Mr.  James  Paterson,  one  of  the  original  trustees,  resigned  his  office  not  very 
long  after  the  Metropolitan  Church  was  opened.  He  was  succeeded  therein  by 
the  famous  H.  A.  Massey,  who  died  on  the  20th  February,  1896.  Mr.  Massey, 
during  the  whole  period  of  his  residence  in  Toronto  was  a  warm  and  generous 
supporter,  not  only  of  the  Methodist  Church,  but  of  the  missionary  enterprises 
and  philanthropic  societies  under  its  care. 

Mr.  Charles  Moore,  who  died  on  the  9th  August,  1896,  had  been  for  many 

*  See  Notes  at  end  of  Volume. — Ed. 

130  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

years  a  trustee  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  and  was  always  a  warm  and  zealous 
supporter  of  the  work  carried  on  there. 

Messrs  James  Myles,  Edward  Leadley  and  Geo.  Flint  did  good  work  during 
the  period  in*  which  they  held  office. 

Mr.  John  Charlesworth  was  a  well-known  merchant  in  Toronto,  a  man  of 
strict  probity  and  earnestness  of  purpose,  and  was  greatly  regretted  when  he 
died  on  the  29th  July,  1887. 

Mr.  John  Morphy  was  brother  of  Mr.  E.  M.  Morphy,  the  well-known  jeweller 
of  Yonge  St.  He  was  a  quiet  but  a  remarkably  earnest  man,  a  Wesleyan 
Methodist  of  the  old  type,  one  that  is  fast  passing  away.  He  had  lived  in 
Toronto  for  a  great  number  of  years,  and  had  earned  the  respect  of  everyone 
with  whom  he  had  been  brought  in  contact.  He  died  on  May  1st,  1895. 

Dr.  W.  T.  Aikins  was  one  of  the  best  known  and  oldest  practitioners  in  Tor 
onto,  having  at  the  time  of  his  death  practiced  in  that  city  for  more  than  forty 
years.  He  was  a  native  Canadian,  having  been  born  in  the  Township  of  Burn- 
ham  thorpe,  County  of  Peel,  in  1827.  He  received  his  early  education  in  the 
public  schools  and  then  went  to  Jefferson  Medical  College,  Philadelphia,  where 
he  graduated  with  high  honors.  Upon  finishing  his  course  he  came  to  Toronto, 
where  he  continuously  practiced  until  his  health  broke  down  some  three  years 
before  his  death.  Dr.  Aikins  was  looked  upon  by  the  profession  as  one  of  the 
most  skilful  surgeons  on  the  continent.  The  degree  of  LL.B.  was  conferred  upon 
him  by  Victoria  University  in  1887.  For  nearly  twenty  years  Dr.  Aikins  was 
president  of  the  Toronto  Medical  School,  and  was  Dean  of  the  Medical  Faculty 
of  Toronto  University  until  1893.  For  a  great  number  of  years  Dr.  Aikins  was 
Surgeon  at  the  Toronto  General  Hospital,  and  was  also  on  the  consulting  staff. 
He  was  a  brother  of  the  Hon.  J.  C.  Aikins,  at  one  time  Lieut.- Governor  of  Mani 

Mr.  T.  G.  Mason  was  born  in  1835,  at  the  romantic  little  village  of  !V}T  Bridge, 
Devonshire,  England.  He  came  to  Canada  with  his  parents  in  1842,  and  waa 
educated  in  Toronto  at  the  private  academy  of  the  late  Mr.  J.  R.  Mair,  having  for 
his  schoolmates,  George,  Henry  and  Alfred  Gooderham,  the  late  James  and  Thomas 
Tait,  Q.C.'s,  Rev.  John  Clarkson,  Walter  S.  Lee,  Arthur  B.  Lee,  Thos.  H.  Lee,  and 
many  others  who  have  since  become  prominent  in  the  commercial  history  of 


In  1849  Mr.  Mason  began  his  business  career  as  a  junior  clerk  in  the  Globe 
office,  under  the  late  Mr.  J.  C.  Fitch,  but  in  1854  he  entered  upon  his  life-work— 
the  music  business,  and  in  1871  organized  the  present  firm  of  Mason  &  Risch, 
the  well-known  pianoforte  manufacturers. 

Mr.  Mason  has  been  as  active  in  church  work  as  in  secular  business.  His 
church  life  dates  from  1852,  when  he  united  with  the  old  Richmond  Street  Meth 
odist  Church,  and  took  an  active  part  in  Sunday  school  and  choir  work.  In  1860 
he  became  interested  in  the  Elm  Street  Church,  and  when  the  original  build 
ing  was  destroyed  by  lire  in  1860,  he  was  one  of  those  who  worked  energetically 
and  faithfully  to  secure  the  erection  of  the  present  edifice. 

When  the  movement  began  for  the  erection  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  Mr. 
Mason  was  enlisted  in  the  enterprise  and  immediately  became  an  active  worker- 
He  was  at  once  appointed  Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Young  Men's  Me  Gill  Square 
Asscciation,  over  which  the  late  Dr.  Punshon  presided  as  President.  The  success 
of  this  Association,  both  financially  and  otherwise,  was  remarkable.  Such  was 
the  perfection  of  its  organization  that  the  first  organ,  costing  $5,000.00  was  pre 
sented  by  the  Association  to  the  trustees  as  a  free-will  offering  at  the  opening  of 
the  church.  In  recognition  of  this,  and  believing  that  the  young  people  should 
be  represented  on  the  Trustee  Board,  Dr.  Punshon  tendered  Mr.  Mason  a  seat  on 
the  Board,  which  position  he  still  occupies,  and  for  the  past  twenty-one  years  has 
been  the  Secretary  of  the  Board. 

One  striking  and  impressive  fact  in  this  connection  is  that  of  the  twenty-one 
original  Trustees  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  Mr.  Mason  is  now  the  only  one  re 
maining  on  the  Board;  fifteen  of  the  number  have  passed  to  their  reward,  and 
six  have  either  left  the  city  or  removed  to  sister  churches  in  the  city. 

Since  the  organization  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  Mr.  Mason  has  taken  a 
very  deep  interest  in  its  musical  services,  and  for  the  past  twenty-five  years  has 
been  the  Chairman  of  the  Music  Committee.  It  was  largely  through  his  efforts 
that  Mr.  F.  H.  Torrington  was  induced  to  come  to  Toronto  and  assume  the  posi 
tion  of  Organist  and  Musical  Director.  A  striking  feature  in  this  connection, 
and  which  perhaps  is  not  paralleled  in  other  churches  in  America,  is  the  unique 
fact  that  throughout  this  quarter  of  a  century  a  continuous  spirit  of  harmony  has 
existed  between  the  Trustee  Board,  Musical  Committee,  Organist  and  Choir,  not 
the  faintest  sign  of  trouble  having  ever  manifested  itself  throughout  these 



long  eventful  years.  A  oneness  ef  purpose  and  a  thorough  appreciation  of  what 
the  church  required  has  animated  both  Mr.  Mason  as  chairman  and  Mr.  Tor- 
rington  as  organist.  Other  churches  may  well  copy  and  emulate  this  method  of 
dealing  with  choir  matters. 

As  we  conclude  this  character  sketch,  we  cannot  forbear  quoting  the  familiar 
lines  of  Bryant,  the  American  poet : 

"  Thus  arise 

Races  of  living  things,  glorious  in  strength, 
And  perish,  as  the  quickening  breath  of  God 
Fills  them,  or  is  withdrawn." 

Among  other  prominent  members  and  officials  past  and  present  of  the  Metro 
politan  Church,  are  the  following  : 

Mr.  Newton  Wesley  Rowell  was  born  in  Middlesex,  Out.,  in  1867,  receiving  his 
early  education  at  the  Public  Schools  in  that  county.  After  leaving  school  he 
was  at  first  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits,  but  later  began  to  study  law  and 
was  admitted  as  a  solicitor  in  1891.  He  joined  the  Methodist  Church  when  he 
was  about  eighteen,  in  London  South,  where  lie  was  not  only  a  local  preacher, 
but  President  of  the  Epworth  League,  and  a  Sunday-School  teacher.  Upon 
coming  to  Toronto  he  attached  himself  to  the  Metropolitan  Church,  where  he  led 
a  class  for  some  years  and  was  in  addition  assistant  superintendent  of  the  Sun 
day  School  in  the  Fred  Victor  Mission.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Toronto 
Conference  ever  since  1892.  His  chief  interest  is  in  the  Epworth  League,  he  being 
greatly  interested  in  all  things  pertaining  to  the  welfare  of  young  people. 

Mr.  John  James  Maclaren,  Q.C.,  was  born  in  the  Province  of  Quebec  in  1842, 
and  was  educated  at  Victoria  College,  and  graduated  from  there  in  1862  as  B.A., 
and  was  recipient  of  the  Prince  of  Wales'  gold  medal  in  the  same  year.  He  then 
became  Principal  of  Huntington  Academy  in  Lower  Canada,  where  he  remained 
for  two  years,  and  then  commenced  the  study  of  law,  being  admitted  as  an  advo 
cate  in  1868.  He,  in  the  meantime,  had  taken  the  degree  of  B.C.L.  from  McGill 
College,  where  he  had  studied  for  three  years.  Until  1884  he  practiced  as  a  lawyer 
in  Montreal  and  then  removed  to  Toronto,  where  he  still  carries  on  his  profession. 
He  was  created  a  Queen's  Counsel  in  1878,  and  during  his  career  has  been  pro 
fessionally  engaged  in  many  very  important  cases. 

Mr.  Maclaren  has  been  Counsel  for  the  Methodist  Church  of  the  Dominion,  and 


has  had  charge  of  its  legislative  and  legal  business  ever  since  1884.  Since  join 
ing  the  Methodist  Church,  which  he  did  when  he  was  fourteen  years  of  age,  Mr. 
Maclaren  has  led  an  active  and  useful  life.  He  was  a  local  preacher  and  Super 
intendent  of  the  Sunday  School  in  the  Church,  situated  in  Dominion 
Square.  Montreal,  and  often  gave  his  services  upon  anniversary  and  special 
occasions.  He  removed  to  Toronto  in  the  year  stated,  when  he  joined  the  Metro 
politan  Church,  of  which  he  is  one  of  the  trustees,  and  assistant  class  leader  and 
local  preacher,  a  Bible  class  teacher  in  the  Sunday  School  and  sometime 
Treasurer.  He  has  been  a  member  of  every  General  Conference  since  the 
Union,  and  also  of  every  Toronto  Conference  since  he  lived  in  the  city,  also  a 
member  of  the  Board  of  Missions  since  the  Union. 

In  1891  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  Ecumenical  Conference  held  at  Washington, 
B.C.  He  has  filled  the  offices  of  President  of  the  Ontario  Sunday  School  Asso 
ciation,  representative  for  Ontario  on  the  International  Sunday  School  Commit 
tee,  Chairman  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Dominion  Prohibitory  Alliance, 
President  of  the  Ontario  branch  of  the  Dominion  Prohibitory  Alliance,  and  Trus 
tee,  Director  and  ex- President  of  the  Toronto  Y.M.C.A. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Banfield  was  born  in  Quebec  in  July,  1845,  and  educated  in  the 
Public  and  High  Schools  of  the  City  of  Quebec.  He  qualified  as  a  machinist  in 
the  waterworks  shop,  and  then  travelled  for  seven  years  in  the  United  States 
as  improver  in  his  business  after  which  he  returned  to  Quebec  to  join  the 
Volunteers  against  the  Fenian  Raiders. 

After  the  raid,  Mr.  Banfield  was  appointed  foreman  of  the  North  Shore  "Rail 
road  workshops.  He  resigned  that  position  to  take  charge  of  the  machinery 
department  in  the  Quebec  Harbor  Improvements. 

After  leaving  Quebec  he  was  appointed  die-maker  for  the  Dominion  Die 
Stamping  Company,  of  Toronto,  and  when  he  severed  his  connection  with  this 
firm  he  started  business  for  himself  in  Toronto  as  machinist  and  die-maker. 

Before  coming  to  Toronto,  Mr.  Banfield  was  Librarian  in  the  Methodist 
Sunday  School  of  Quebec,  and  invented  a  system  of  changing  the  books  in  the 
library  which  is  still  used  there.  On  coming  to  Toronto  he  was  appointed 
Librarian  of  the  Metropolitan  Sunday  School,  a  position  he  has  held  for  over 
sixteen  years,  and  has  missed  but  a  few  Sundays  in  that  time. 

Mr.  Banfield  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  connection  with  the  Chinese 

134  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

and  Infant  Classes  of  the  Sabbath  School,  and  since  1860  he  has  always  been  an 
acceptable  worker. 

Elias  James  Barrick,  M.D.,  M.R.C.S.  England,  L.R.C.P.  London,  L.R.C.P.S. 
Edinburgh,  was  born  in  Welland  County,  December  28th,  1838,  and  is  a 
descendant  of  Jacob  Ott,  a  staunch  U.  E.  Loyalist,  who  came  to  Canada  from 
Pennsylvania  about  the  close  of  the  last  century.  He  was  educated  at  the 
common  schools  of  his  county,  and  later  on  attended  the  Normal  School, 

For  about  four  years  Dr.  Barrick  followed  the  profession  of  teacher 
in  Public  Schools  in  the  County  of  Wellington.  He  then  entered  Dr. 
Rolph's  Medical  School,  Toronto,  and  obtained  the  degree  of  M.D.  from  Victoria 
College.  After  graduating  he  spent  some  years  in  the  hospitals  and  dispensaries 
of  New  York  City  and  of  London,  England.  While  in  the  old  land  he  passed 
successfully  the  examinations  of  the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons  and  Physicians 
both  in  London  and  Edinburgh. 

Dr.  Barrick  returned  to  Toronto  in  1867,  and  was  appointed  Demonstrator  of 
Anatomy  in  Dr.  Rolph's  School.  He  afterwards  received  the  appointment  of 
Professor  of  Midwifery,  which  he  held  until  the  dissolution  of  the  College  in 
1874.  Since  then  he  has  confined  himself  to  the  practice  of  his  chosen  profession. 
For  four  years  he  was  Treasurer  of  the  Ontario  Medical  Association.  He  is  also 
a  representative  of  East  Toronto  in  the  Ontario  Medical  Council,  to  which  office 
he  was  elected  by  acclamation  in  1894.  In  1890  he  was  appointed  examiner  in 
Midwifery  and  Gynecology  in  Victoria  University,  and  held  that  position  until 
Federation  with  the  Provincial  University  was  consummated.  He  is  at  present 
the  representative  of  the  Medical  graduates  in  the  Senate  of  Victoria  University. 

Dr.  Barrick  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in  church  work,  and  for  over 
twenty  years  has  been  a  Trustee  of  the  Metropolitan  Church.  He  has  been 
connected  with  this  Church  since  its  erection,  and  was  previously  a  member  of 
Elm  Street  and  Richmond  Street  Churches. 

Mrs.  Barrick  was  Miss  Kate  Newcombe,  sister  of  Messrs.  Henry  and  Octavius 
Newcombe,  of  this  city. 

James  Branston  WTillmott,  L.D.S.,  D.D.S.,  M.D.S.,  was  the  son  of  the  late  Wil 
liam  Willmott,  and  was  born  in  Halton  County,  June  15th,  1837.  His  early  life 


was  spent  upon  the  farm.  In  1854  he  entered  Victoria  College,  and  in  1860  he 
began  the  practice  of  dentistry  in  the  town  of  Milton. 

In  Milton  Dr.  Willmott  took  an  active  part  in  municipal  affairs,  and  was  for 
three  years  a  member  of  the  Town  Council,  being  for  two  years  chairman  of  the 
Finance  Committee.  In  1863  he  was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the  Peace. 

In  1868  he  assisted  in  securing  the  incorporation  of  the  Dentists  of  Ontario, 
as  the  Royal  College  of  Dental  Surgeons.  Since  1870  he  has  been  one  of  the 
Board  of  Directors. 

In  1871  he  removed  to  Toronto,  and  in  1875,  with  Dr.  Teskey,  undertook  the 
organization  of  a  Dental  school.  Since  that  date  he  has  been  Dean  of  the 
Faculty,  filling  the  chairs  of  Operative  Dentistry  and  Dental  Prosthetics. 

In  1888  the  Dental  College  was  affiliated  with  Toronto  University,  and  he  was 
appointed  to  represent  it  on  the  Senate. 

Dr.  Willmott  is  a  prominent  member  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  and  has 
filled  nearly  all  the  offices  open  to  the  laity  of  the  church. 

In  1864  he  married  Miss  Margaret  Bowes,  niece  of  the  late  John  George 
Bowes,  of  this  city.  Since  1888  his  son,  Dr.  Walker  Earl  Willmott,  has  been 
associated  with  him  in  his  large  practice. 

Mr.  Bartle  Edward  Bull  was  born  in  Lloydtown,  County  of  York,  and  is  a  son 
of  the  late  Dr.  Edward  Bull,  who  practiced  medicine  for  a  number  of  years  in 
Lloydtown  and  Weston. 

Mr.  Bull  received  his  early  education  at  Weston  High  School,  and  graduated 
from  Toronto  University  in  Arts  in  1875.  He  was  called  to  the  Bar  and  admit 
ted  as  Solicitor  in  1878,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Kerr,  Bull  &  Rowell, 

Mr.  Bull  is  one  of  the  Trustees  of  the  Metropolitan  Church,  and  Local  Treas 
urer  of  the  Educational  Society.  He  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  City 
Mission  work,  and  on  the  erection  of  the  Fred  Victor  Mission,  and  organization 
of  the  Board  of  Management,  in  1894,  he  was  elected  President,  an  office  which 
he  still  holds. 

Mr.  Bull  married,  in  1896,  Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  the  late  James 
Scott,  Toronto. 

Mrs.  Fanny  Beatrice  Thomson,  who  died  on  May  23rd,  1897,  was,  at  the  time  of 
her  death,  the  oldest  member  of  the  Metropolitan  Church.  She  was  born  in  the 

136  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

Orkney  Islands  in  1802,  where  she  spent  her  early  days,  and  where,  in  1828,  she 
married  William  Thomson.  Immediately  after  marriage  they  migrated  to  Nia- 
gara-on-the-Lake,  and  in  1844  came  to  Toronto.  At  the  time  of  her  death  she 
was  in  her  ninety-sixth  year. 

Mr.  Frederic  Roper,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born  in  London,  England, 
and  when  about  six  years  of  age  he  emigrated  to  Canada  with  his  parents. 
After  remaining  for  four  years  on  a  farm  near  Stratford,  Ontario,  the  family 
removed  to  Hamilton  where  Mr.  Roper  was  educated  at  Dr.  Tassie's  Grammar 
School.  Mr.  Roper  entered  upon  his  business  career  April  27th,  1854,  in  the 
service  of  the  Great  Western  Railway  Co.,  in  the  Audit  Office,  and  in  the  Secre 
tary's  Office  at  the  headquarters  in  Hamilton,  and  later  on  he  was  promoted  to 
the  office  of  chief  travelling  auditor.  After  having  served  upon  the  staff  of  the 
Company  for  a  period  of  about  twenty-one  years,  he  resigned  his  position  to  take 
the  position  of  chief  accountant  of  the  Dominion  Government  Rail  way,  in  Prince 
Edward  Island.  This  necessitated  a  residence  in  Charlottetown  for  over  a  year. 

In  the  autumn  of  1875  he  removed  to  Toronto  to  assume  the  secretaryship  of 
the  Dominion  Telegraph  Co.,  which  position  as  well  as  that  of  treasurer  he  has 
held  ever  since_  Concurrently  he  was  for  a  year  and  a  half  (1880-'81)  the  auditor 
and  superintendent  of  supplies  of  the  American  Union  Telegraph  Company  in 
New  York  City,  until  that  Company  was  consolidated  with  the  Western  Union 
Telegraph  Company  ;  and  then  returning  to  Toronto  for  ten  years  (1881-1891) 
occupied  the  position  of  secretary  and  auditor  of  the  Great  North  Western 
Telegraph  Company.  Resigning  from  that  Company  rive  3Tears  ago,  he  has  since 
combined  with  his  official  duties  in  connection  with  the  Dominion  Telegraph 
Company  those  of  a  public  auditor,  accountant  and  trustee. 

Mr.  Roper  has  been  equally  active  and  loyal  in  church  work,  and  has  been  a 
member  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  since  1875  and  Recording  Steward  since 

Mr.  S.  R.  Hanna,  who  is  a  merchant  of  426  Yonge  Street,  was  born  in  County 
Monaghan,  Ireland,  and  emigrated  to  Canada,  arriving  in  Toronto  on  July  llth, 

Mr.  Hanna  has  been  connected  with  the  Metropolitan  from  a  few  months  from 
its  opening.  He  began  as  a  scholar,  soon  becoming  a  teacher  and  taught  nineteen 
years ;  was  Assistant  Superintendent  for  three  years ;  member  of  the  choir  for 


ten  years.  He  became  a  Class  Leader  in  1873,  and  in  1899  his  class  numbers 
236,  which  is  probably  one  of  the  largest  in  Canada. 

Mr.  Allan  J.  Savage  was  born  near  Oakville  in  the  Township  of  Trafalgar, 
Halton  County,  June  17th,  1877,  and  is  the  son  of  Mr.  Edward  Savage  of  the 
same  place.  He  was  educated  at  the  Public  School  and  the  Oakville  High 

Mr.  Savage  united  with  the  Metropolitan  Church  in  1895,  and  has  been 
Treasurer  of  the  Epworth  League  and  President  of  the  Metropolitan  Bicycle 

Before  concluding  the  history  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  it  is  necessary  to 
say  a  few  words  relating  to  the  cost  and  construction  of  the  building. 

The  land  was  purchased,  as  has  already  been  stated,  from  the  McGill  estate, 
the  transaction  being  effected  through  the  Bank  of  Montreal.  The  amount  paid 
for  the  land  was  $26,000.00.  The  cost  of  the  church  building,  with  the  wood 
work,  amounted  to  nearly  $100,000.00.  The  original  cost  of  the  organ  was 
$6,500.00.  Great  additions  though  have  been  made  to,  and  improvements 
effected  in,  that  instrument,  so  that  in  the  beginning  of  1899  its  total  cost 
amounted  to  $13,700.00.  The  original  cost  of  the  heating  apparatus  in  the 
church  was  $2,500.00,  and  a  similar  amount  was  paid  for  the  chandeliers  and 
gas  fittings.  The  total  amount  expended  in  the  construction  of  the  Metropolitan 
Church,  irrespective  of  the  various  items  that  have  been  enumerated  as  extras, 
was  on  the  1st  March,  1899,  $108,511.11.  At  the  present  date  (June,  1899),  the 
total  value  of  the  church  property,  including  parsonage  house,  and  all  other 
buildings,  is  put  down  in  the  church  books  at  a  little  over  $184,000.00. 

With  the  exception  of  the  information  which  will  be  found  in  the  notes 
relating  to  the  Metropolitan  Church  at  the  end  of  this  volume,  this  brings  to  a 
conclusion  all  that  need  here  be  said  about  the  well-known  church  and  its  con 
gregation.  It  has  been  impossible  to  refer  to  all  those  who  have  done  noble 
work  in  connection  with  the  church,  but  so  far  as  possible  representative  men 
and  women  have  been  selected  for  notice. 



Queen  Street  Church. 

'HE  church,  the  name  of  which  heads  this  chapter,  dates  from  the  year 
1841,  and,  though  not  the  oldest  congregation  by  any  means,  is  the 
oldest  building  on  the  same  site  upon  which  it  was  erected,  occupied 
by  any  Methodist  congregation  in  the  city.  From  the  year  1847 
until  1871,  when  the  Rev.  Hugh  Johnston,  M.A.,  was  the  pastor,  the 
Queen  Street  Church  formed  a  part  of  the  Toronto  West  Circuit,  the  clergy 
being  those  whose  names  have  already  been  given  in  the  chapter  describing  the 
Richmond  Street  Church.  The  names  of  the  ministers  who  have  officiated  at 
Queen  Street  Church  since  1871  to  the  present  date,  will  be  found  in  a  later  por 
tion  of  this  article.  From  1841  until  1847  the  clergy  who  preached  at  Queen 
Street  West  were  those  connected  with  the  old  George  Street  Church.  Their 
names  have  already  appeared.  This  church  was  the  result  of  the  energy  dis 
played  by  Wesleyan  Methodism  in  missionary  effort,  many  of  the  attendants  or 
the  members  of  the  old  Adelaide  Street  Church  thought  that  the  body  was  not 
sufficiently  progressive,  and  repaired  once  more  to  George  Street,  as  has  already 
been  told,  and  it  was  by  their  efforts  that  the  Queen  Street  Church  was  built, 
and  a  congregation  formed  in  that  part  of  the  city. 

The  first  church  on  Queen  Street  was  built  upon  the  same  lot  of  land  whereon 
the  present  structure  stands.  It  was  a  small,  old-fashioned  building  with  a  cot 
tage  roof,  and  it  faced  northward  to  Queen  Street.  It  was  of  solid  brick 
and  although  small,  was  substantial.  Its  cost  was  $2,400,  and  would  seat  pro 
bably  four  hundred  people.  At  the  north  end  a  gallery  ran  straight  across,  but 
in  after  years  an  extension  was  added  down  the  sides,  and  here  in  the  old-fashion 
ed  way  the  choir  was  located.  The  basement  was  used  for  Sunday  School  on  the 
Sabbath  day  ;  but  on  week  days  it  was  used  as  a  private  day  school,  and  here  a 
Mr.  Darby,  who  subsequently  moved  away  and  was  succeeded  by  a  new  domi 
nie  named  Mr.  George,  taught  the  three  "  R's  "  and  imparted  the  rudimentary 
education  of  that  time  to  the  small  boys  and  girls  of  the  locality.  This  was,  of 
course,  before  the  establishment  of  our  present  system  of  public  schools.  Among 



the  scholars  of  that  time  in  attendance,  the  only  ones  recalled  to  memory  are  the 
Coulson  boys  and  Robert  Dunn,  who  afterwards  became  the  city  weighmaster. 
The  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  was  Henry  Leadley,  a 
man  of  means,  who  dealt  largely  in  hides.  From  1841  to  1846  he  occupied 
the  position  and  then  gave  way  to  Samuel  Shaw,  who  in  turn,  and  in  the  follow 
ing  year,  was  succeeded  by  John  Crossley.  In  1850,  Mr.  Leadley  again  assumed 
the  charge.  In  1854  A.  Sutherland  became  superintendent,  and  in  1857  he  was 
succeeded  by  Mr.  Keighley. 

The  melodeon,  which  was  the  first  instrument  in  use  by  the  choir,  and  which 
was  replaced  by  a  cabinet  organ  away  back  in  the  fifties,  is  now  in  possession 
of  Mrs.  John  Baker,  who  resides  at  184  Simcoe  Street,  whose  son  is 
junior  partner  in  the  manufacturing  firm  of  Westman  &  Baker.  It  was  origin 
ally  purchased  from  the  church  by  Mr.  Wharin,  the  jeweller,  and  Mrs.  Baker 
subsequently  secured  it  from  him. 

In  the  choir,  Mr.  John  Baxter,  for  so  many  years  an  alderman,  was  a  leading 
singer ;  Mr.  Briscoe,  a  blacksmith,  played  the  bass  fiddle,  and  Mr.  Wainwright,  a 
tanner,  played  the  first  violin.  There  were  other  members,  but  they  are  forgot 
ten,  but  the  singing  in  the  early  days  was  noted  for  its  heartiness  as  well  as  its 

The  original  church  was  fitted  up  with  high-backed  pews  with  small  doors, 
and  it  contained  eight  square  family  pews,  nowadays  never  to  be  seen. 

In  the  year  1856  the  present  church  was  erected,  the  congregation  worship 
ping  in  the  Temperance  Hall,  located  on  the  west  side  of  Brock  Street,  during 
its  erection.  In  January,  1857,  it  was  formally  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God. 

Abel  Wilcox  received  the  contract  for  its  erection,  his  tender  amounting  to 
£2,653.*  Mr.  Storm,  of  the  firm  of  Cumberland  &  Storm,  was  the  architect  in 
charge,  and  received  an  extra  £100  for  superintendence. 

The  first  Trustees  of  the  new  building  were : — 

Rev.  John  Borland,  superintendent  of  the  district ;  Jonathan  Dunn,  who  was 
a  Councillor  for  many  years ;  Thomas  Mara ;  Abel  Wilcox,  a  builder ;  Alex. 
Sutherland,  who  followed  the  now  obsolete  calling  of  a  tallow  chandler ;  John 
Kidney,  the  florist,  who  was  secretary  of  the  Board ;  Henry  Leadley  ;  Theophilus 
Earl,  a  dry  goods  merchant ;  James  Prittie ;  William  Briscoe,  a  waggon  builder; 
John  Crelock,  a  butcher;  John  Baxter,  the  alderman;  William  J.  Turner,  after- 
*This  was  Halifax  currency  equivalent  to  $10,612. — ED. 

140  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

wards  collector  for  St.  Andrew's  Ward,  but  at  that  time  a  saddler;  and  Isaac  Clare,  a 
blacksmith.     None  of  these  are  now  livino-. 


This  new  church  was  solid  brick,  and  seated  a  thousand  people  comfortably. 
The  basement,  from  which  the  old  day  school  had  long  since  been  excluded,  was 
used  for  purposes  of  Sunday  School,  and  so  continues  unto  this  day. 

The  Re v.Enoch  Wood,  D.D.,  conducted  the  re-opening  services  of  the  new  edifice, 
and  a  year  subsequently  he  and  the  Rev.  Joseph  Stinson  preached  anniversary 

Here  Richard  Baxter,  John  Baxter's  brother,  acted  as  the  first  organist.  For 
three  months  it  was  required  of  him  to  give  his  services  gratuitously  ;  but  after 
wards  he  received  £15  per  annum.  He  is  still  living— a  resident  of  the  city  of 

The  new  pipe  organ  cost  £250  or  $1,000,  and  was  purchased  from  Warren  of 

In  the  new  and  re-constructed  choir  Mr.  Mara  played  the  flute  ;  Mr.  Briscoe 
the  violin;  while  John  Baxter,  who  possessed  a  powerful  and  a  musical  voice, 
led  the  singing. 

In  the  month  of  September  in  the  same  year  (1856)  Robert  Foster  was 
appointed  as  the  first  sexton  of  the  new  edifice,  receiving  for  his  services  the  sum 
of  £40  a  year. 

The  first  insurance  placed  upon  the  building  amounted  to  17,000,  and  was 
in  the  office  of  the  Times  and  Beacon,  of  which  Mr.  William  Blight,  whose 
widow  is  still  alive,  was  agent ;  while  later  on  in  the  month  of  December,  1858, 
another  $1,000  was  effected  to  cover  the  organ. 


The  parsonage  stood  upon  the  north-east  corner  of  Peter  and  Richmond  Streets, 
and  was  owned  by  John  Tyner. 

In  1859  Mr.  Blackburn  was  appointed  organist — the  second  in  the  new  building. 

In  January,  1860,  the  church  was  thrown  open  for  a  week  of  prayer a 

season  set  aside  for  humiliation  before  God,  praying  Him  to  quicken  the 
churches  and  to  pour  out  His  Spirit  on  the  heathen  nations.  These  were  the 
first  services  of  that  nature  held. 

In  1862  Mr.  Theophilus  Earl  was  appointed  Secretary  of  the  Trustee  Board. 
Three  years  subsequently  he  was  succeeded  by  Dr.  W.  W.  Ogden,  who  has  con 
tinued  in  that  office  ever  since. 


The  first  lecture  Morley  Punshon  delivered  in  Canada  he  gave  in  this  church, 
on  the  29th  of  May,  1868.  The  name  of  his  lecture,  which  delighted  a  large 
gathering,  was  "  Daniel  in  Babylon." 

Ever  since  the  inception  of  this  church,  revivals  of  power  and  spiritual 
strength  have  every  year  been  held,  Mrs.  Phoebe  Palmer  conducting  them 
one  year  a  long  time  ago. 

Some  of  the  early  class-leaders  were  Sergeant  James  Robertson,  a  military  non 
commissioned  officer ;  Henry  Leadley  ;  Mrs.  Kidney ;  John  Hollinrake,  now  of 
Milton,  a  son-in-law  of  Mr.  Mara's. 

In  1868,  in  Mr.  Hunter's  pastoral  term,  the  church  was  renovated  throughout. 
Furnaces  were  introduced  for  the  first  time,  and  the  old  system  of  heating  the 
building  with  stoves  was  done  away. 

During  the  pastoral  term  of  Rev.  Hugh  Johnston,  the  great  popularity  of  this 
gifted  man  made  an  extension  necessary.  In  1871  an  addition  of  some  thirty 
feet  was  erected  at  the  south  end  of  the  church,  and  the  seating  capacity  there 
by  increased  from  1,000  to  1,500.  Mr.  Grand  was  the  architect,  and  some 
twenty-five  tenders  were  received.  Win.  Moulds  did  the  carpenter  work ;  Hil- 
lam  &  Jones  the  brickwork  ;  Robert  Bell  the  painting ;  E.  Bell  the  plastering  : 
arid  Mr.  Harding  the  gas-fitting.  The  total  outlay  amounted  to  $5,289.50. 

In  1873  Rev.  William  Henry  Poole  succeeded  Hugh  Johnston  in  the  pastorate, 
and  was  in  turn  replaced  by  Rev.  Samuel  J.  Hunter,  in  1876,  who  remained 
three  years.  Then  the  Rev.  George  Cochran  came,  to  be  succeeded  by  W.  J. 
Hunter,  now  of  Montreal,  who  remained  here  only  twelve  months.  The  late 
T.  W.  Jeftrey  was  the  next  pastor,  remaining  for  a  full  term  of  three  years. 
Then  the  Rev.  Benj.  Longley  occupied  the  pulpit  from  18S6  to  1888.  The  Rev. 
Hugh  Johnson,  Rev.  Manley  Benson,  Rev.  G.  J.  Bishop,  and  Rev.  J.  O.  Johnston, 
occupied  the  pastoral  office  in  turn  until  the  present  day  (1898). 

The  superintendents  of  the  old  Sunday  School  from  its  inception  have 
been:  Henry  Leadley;  Samuel  Shaw;  John  Crossley;  A.  Sutherland; 
Mr.  Keighley  ;  Mr.  Lawrence,  a  railway  conductor;  Mr.  McCarthy,  then  a  school 
trustee  ;  Mr.  Cox,  the  confectioner  All  the  above  have  passed  away.  Mr.  Cox 
was  succeeded  by  J.  L.  Hughes,  the  Inspector  of  Schools,  who  made  one  of  the 
most  efficient  superintendents  the  school  ever  possessed  ;  Dr.  J.  B.  Wilmott  suc 
ceeded  him,  and  occupied  the  position  for  some  years ;  then  Edward  Tyner,  who 


was  recording  steward  of  the  church,  secretary  of  the  Bible  Society,  and  a  scion 
of  an  old-time  Methodist  family ;  J.  Brine,  who  stayed  a  year ;  John  Earls,  then 
a  G.T.R.  employee,  and  now  chairman  of  Freight  Committee  of  the  Dominion, 
who  efficiently  performed  the  superintendent's  duties  for  six  or  seven  years  ; 
Clement  T.  Paull,  then  in  John  Macdonald's ;  and  now  Albert  Ogden,  the  present 
genial  and  kindly-hearted  lawyer,  looks  after  the  interests  of  the  school,  and  has 
done  so  with  marked  faithfulness  since  1892. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  the  clergy  of  Queen  Street  Church,  1871-1899 : 

1871-72— Hugh  Johnston,  M.A. 

1873-74— William  Henry  Poole. 

1875— William  H.  Poole,  Edward  F.  Goff. 

1876 — Samuel  J.  Hunter,  Isaac  To  veil. 

1877-78— Samuel  J.  Hunter. 

1879-80-81— George  Cochran. 

1882— W.  J.  Hunter,  D.D. 

1888— T.  W.  Campbell,  B.D. 

1884-85-86— T.  W.  Jeffrey. 

1887-88— B.  Longley,  B.A. 

1889— Hugh  Johnston,  M.A.,  B.D. 

1890-91-92— Manley  Benson. 

1893-94-95— George  J.  Bishop. 

1896-97-98— W.  H.  Hincks,  LL.B. 

1899— Rev.  C.  O  Johnston. 

Mrs.  Margaret  Baker,  widow  of  the  late  John  Baker,  and  one  of  the  few  living 
pioneers  of  the  Queen  St.  Methodist  Church,  was  born  in  the  year  1812  in 
Beeford,  Yorkshire,  England.  She  came  to  this  country  in  1834,  and  has  resided 
in  Toronto  since. 

Mrs.  Baker  comes  of  a  prominent  Methodist  family,  her  father  and  mother, 
Robert  and  Mary  Arksey,  of  Beeford,  England,  being  lifelong  members  of  the 
Methodist  Church. 

Mrs.  Baker  has  been  a  Methodist  all  her  life,  and  for  the  last  fifty  years  has 
been  a  member  of  the  Queen  St.  Methodist  Church. 

Prof.  Alfred  Baker,  of  Toronto  University,  is  a  son  of  the  subject  of  this 


Mr.  James  C.  Paterson,  is  a  son  of  William  and  Sarah  Paterson,  of  Quebec, 
P.Q.  His  father  was  born  in  Paisley,  Scotland,  and  his  mother  in  County 
Monaghan,  Ireland. 

Mr.  Paterson  was  born  in  Quebec,  P.Q.,  in  the  year  1843,  and  lived  there  until 
he  was  forty-two  years  of  age,  where  he  was  connected  with  the  Methodist 
Church.  He  removed  from  Quebec  to  Toronto  in  the  year  1866,  and  for  the  last 
nine  years  has  been  actively  connected  with  the  Queen  St.  Methodist  Church. 
He  has  been  officially  connected  with  it  for  several  years,  holding  the  offices 
of  steward  and  class-leader,  and  is  at  present  Pew  Steward.  Mr.  Paterson 
married  in  1865  Miss  Bates,  daughter  of  W.  J.  Bates,  of  Quebec,  a  prominent 
class-leader  and  official  member  of  the  Methodist  Church  in  Quebec.  Mrs.  Pater 
son  is  a  member  of  the  Queen  St.  Church. 

The  late  Thomas  McPherson  Buley  was  born  in  Sittingbourne,  Kent,  England; 
he  was  the  son  of  Amos  and  Maria  Buley,  both  descendants  of  old  Methodist 
families,  his  father  being  a  class-leader  and  choir-leader  for  thirty  years. 

Mr.  Buley  was  for  many  years  Sabbath- school  teacher  and  organist  of  the 
chapel  at  Sittingbourne.  Mr.  Buley  came  to  this  country  in  the  year  1870,  and 
settled  in  Toronto,  and  at  once  connected  himself  with  the  Queen  St.  Methodist 
Church,  where  he  remained  an  honored  member  for  twenty-five  years.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  choir,  a  class-leader,  and  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board. 

Mr.  Buley  was  a  man  of  broad  Christian  views.  He  took  an  active  part  in 
everything  pertaining  to  the  welfare  not  only  of  his  chosen  church,  but  in  every 
thing  that  tended  to  the  elevation  of  his  fellowmen  and  the  spread  of  the  Gospel. 
He  was  married  in  1866  to  Miss  Caroline  Braund,  daughter  of  John  Braund,  of 
Devonshire,  England. 

Mrs.  Buley  is  also  the  descendant  of  an  old  and  prominent  Methodist  family, 
her  two  brothers  being  local  preachers  and  Sunday-School  superintendents.  Mrs. 
Buley  has  been  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church  since  she  was  twelve  years  of 
age,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the  Queen  St.  Church. 

The  Rev.  T.  M.  Buley,  son  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  is  a  Methodist  minis 
ter,  stationed  in  the  Toronto  Conference.  Amos  Buley,  another  son,  is  also  a 
member  of  Queen  St.  Church,  and  one  of  the  Official  Board.  Mrs.  Watts  and 
Miss  Carrie  Buley,  two  daughters,  are  also  members  of  the  same  church. 

Among  many  prominent  people  connected  with  the  Queen  St.  Church,  Lytle 


Duncan  has  been  a  conspicuous  figure.  He  was  a  son  of  Lytle  and  Sarah 
Duncan  of  County  Leitrim,  Ireland,  where  he  was  born  November  llth,  1848, 
and  came  to  the  City  of  Toronto  in  1867.  For  some  time  he  was  connected  with 
the  railways  of  the  country,  but  later  embarked  in  the  dry-goods  trade, in  which 
he  has  since  remained.  When  Mr.  Duncan  first  came  to  Toronto  he  joined  the 
Elm  St.  Church,  where  the  Rev.  James  Caughey,  the  noted  Evangelist,  was  then 
preaching.  He  did  not  remain  very  long  though  connected  with  that  congrega 
tion,  as  in  a  few  months  he  migrated  to  Queen  St.,  where  for  many  years  he  has 
been  a  class-leader,  local  preacher  and  member  of  the  Official  Board.  Mr.  Dun 
can  married,  in  1873,  Miss  Mclntyre,  of  Oxford  County.  His  wife  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Church,  and  also  one  of  the  Official  Board. 

The  late  William  Webster,  of  Spadina  Ave.,  who  did  good  work  in  the  Queen 
St.  Church,  was  born  September  25th,  1836,  in  the  pretty  country  town  of 
Selby,  Yorkshire,  noted  for  its  magnificent  parish  church.  Mr.  Webster's  father 
and  his  grandfather  also,  were  Methodist  ministers,  the  whole  family,  in  fact,  on 
both  sides  of  the  house,  belonging  to  that  denomination.  Part  of  Mr.  Webster's 
education  was  received  in  England,  and  the  latter  portion  in  Canada.  After 
leaving  school  he  became  a  mechanical  engineer,  and  for  twenty  years  was 
marine  engineer  in  the  employ  first  of  the  Richelieu  and  Ontario  Navigation 
Company,  and  then  of  the  Niagara  Navigation  Company,  he  being  with  the 
latter  at  the  time  of  his  death.  In  1862  Mr.  Webster  married  Miss  Emily 
Garraty.  Mrs.  Webster,  like  her  husband,  is  a  well-known  member  of  Queen 
St.  congregation,  and  in  all  philanthropic  and  religious  schemes  in  connection 
with  the  church  is  a  prominent  worker. 

Mr.  A.  Buley,  son  of  the  late  Thomas  and  Caroline  Buley,  was  born  in 
Toronto,  April  8th,  1870. 

Mr.  A.  Buley  has  been  connected  with  the  Queen  St.  Church  since  his  boy 
hood,  having  first  attended  the  Infant  Class  in  the  Sunday-School.  He  held  the 
office  of  Secretary  of  the  Young  Men's  Bible  Class  in  connection  with  the 
Sunday- School  for  many  years,  resigning  it  only  to  become  a  teacher.  He  is 
one  of  the  class  leaders,  and  also  occupies  a  seat  on  the  Quarterly  Official  Board, 
and  takes  a  very  great  interest  in  all  that  pertains  to  the  welfare  of  Queen  St. 
Methodist  Church. 

Mr.  Herbert  G.  Paull,  another  prominent  worker  in  this  church,  was  born  in 


the  year  1858,  yet  his  connection  with  Queen  St.  Church  extends  beyond  a 
quarter  of  a  century,  from  his  very  boyhood.  Mr.  Paull  comes  of  a  Methodist 
family,  one  of  his  brothers,  the  Rev.  Ernest  Paull,  is  a  Methodist  minister ;  another 
one,  Clement,  long  one  of  the  teachers  in  the  Queen  St.  Sunday-School,  having 
for  many  years  been  its  Superintendent,  is  in  Cleveland,  Ohio.  Another  brother, 
Arthur,  was  for  sometime  a  member  of  Queen  St.,  and  Secretary  of  the  Sunday- 
School,  but  now,  as  he  resides  in  Park  dale,  attends  Dunn  Avenue  Church.  Mr. 
Paull's  father  is  also  a  member  of  the  last-named  church,  although,  he  was  for 

'  O       ' 

many  years  an  attendant  at  and  a  member  of  the  Official  Board  of  Queen  St. 
Church.  At  one  time  Mr.  Paull  and  four  of  his  sons  were  entitled  to  seats  on 
the  Official  Board,  a  hitherto  unprecedented  occurrence. 

Mr.  H.  G.  Paull,  was  born  in  Cornwall,  England,  that  stronghold  of  Wesleyaii 
Methodism  and  not  only  his  father  but  both  his  grandparents  belonged  to  that 
body.  He  was  educated  partly  in  England  and  latterly  at  the  Model  School, 
Toronto.  He  left  school  at  twelve  years  of  age,  entered  his  father's  office  as  a 
pupil,  and  at  the  age  of  nineteen  years  was  taken  into  partnership  with  him,  they 
being  architects.  For  several  years  the  father  and  son  carried  on  a  most  success 
ful  business,  being  employed  by  both  the  Dominion  and  Local  Governments  of 
the  day,  as  well  as  by  the  Municipal  bodies  of  Toronto.  Speaking  of  Mr.  Paull's 
success  as  an  architect,  a  correspondent  writes  : 

"Mr.  Paull  has  been  eminently  successful  in  carrying  off  numerous  and  large 
premiums  in  competition  with  the  principal  architects  of  the  Province.  His  suc 
cesses  in  this  direction  cover  a  wide  range,  including  substantial  sums  from  the 
Welland  County  Council,  the  Jewish  Church  of  the  Holy  Blossom,  the  I.O.O.F.' 
etc.,  besides  two  civic  premiums  of  five  hundred  dollars  and  two  hundred  dollars 
respectively,  while  his  draughting  shelves  are  filled  with  plans  of  creditable  erec 
tions  in  every  province  and  probably  every  city  of  the  Dominion,  from  Vancou 
ver  and  Victoria  in  the  west  to  St.  John  and  Halifax  in  the  east,  as  well  as  in  the 
neighboring  Island  of  Newfoundland." 

In  1885  Mr.  Paull  was  married  to  Miss  Rosie  Ellen  Spanner,  whose  father  was 
a  prominent  official  in  the  Church. 

Mr.  Paull  is  a  man  of  considerable  literary  tastes,  one  of  his  poetical  produc 
tions,  entitled  "  The  Opium  Smoker,"  being  very  well  known.  For  some  years 
he  was  the  Toronto  correspondent  of  the  Montreal  Spectator,  and  directly  in  con- 



nection  with  the  Queen  St.  Church,  during  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  Benjamin 
Longley,  he  edited,  under  the  auspices  of  the  Young  People's  Association,  a  very 
pleasant  little  paper.  Later  still,  in  connection  with  Mr.  Robert  Dillon,  M.A.,  a 
conspicuous  newspaper  man,  he  conducted  the  well-known  paper,  the  Quiver,  a 
weekly  eight-page  journal.  Mr.  Paull  is  generally  considered  rather  radical  in 
his  ideas  of  church  policy  and  government,  and  in  giving  vent  to  some  of  his 
opinions  he  once  fell  foul  of  the  Superintendent  of  the  district,  his  financial 
strictures  and  criticisms  on  what  he  considered  extravagance  in  church  manage- 

O  ?5 

ment,  bringing  down  the  anathema  of  the  pastor,  who,  as  a  mark  of  his  dis 
pleasure,  refused  to  nominate  him  at  the  annual  election  of  stewards.  Mr.  Paull, 
nothing  daunted  at  the  slight,  continued  his  onslaughts  right  and  left  and  chal 
lenged  the  Superintendent  to  disprove  either  his  allegations  or  figures,  or  find 
him  guilty  of  any  breach  of  discipline.  The  publication  of  the  Quiver,  in  spite 
of  continual  antagonism,  was  continued  with  vigor  for  some  years,  being  dis 
tributed  gratis  to  the  members  of  the  church  and  congregation.  Its  publication 
was  an  interesting  experiment  in  Methodism  and  proved  conclusively  two  things 
—that  the  ecclesiastical  powers  of  the  Church  are  peculiarly  sensitive  to  adverse 
criticism,  however  truthful  and  just,  and  that  a  weekly  journal  can  be  published 
in  connection  with  a  live  Methodist  Church  and  distributed  free  to  the  people. 

Many  offices  in  the  church  have  been  held  by  Mr.  Paull,  and  he  has  several 
times  been  a  delegate  to  the  Conference.  He  is  to-day,  while  not  the  oldest 
teacher  in  the  Sunday-school,  the  teacher  of  longest  standing,  having  for  nearly 
twenty  years  had  charge  of  the  primary  department,  a  class  which  sometimes 
has  numbered  over  two  hundred  scholars,  and  it  has  been  said  that  fully  two- 
thirds  of  the  scholars  of  the  school,  besides  many  of  the  teachers,  have  passed 
through  his  class. 

Mr.  Paull,  in  conjunction  with  Messrs.  George  J.  St.  Leger,  George  Williams 
and  W.  S.  Fry,  was  instrumental  in  forming  a  basis  of  management  for  what  is 
known  as  the  Executive  Committee  alluded  to  above  in  the  history  of  the  church, 
which  principle  of  executive  management  is  being  extensively  copied  in  other 
churches.  He  was  a  steward  of  the  church  for  several  years,  was  one  of  the  first 
members  of  the  Executive  Committee,  and  is  at  present  a  class-leader,  poor- 
steward  of  the  church,  President  of  the  Epworth  League,  and  Assistant  Super 
intendent  of  the  Sabbath-school.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  District  Visiting 
Board  of  the  House  of  Industry. 


The  Rev.  S.J.  Hunter,  who  did  such  excellent  work  in  Queen  St.  Methodist  Church, 
was  born  on  12th  April,  1843,  in  the  pretty  little  town  of  Philipsburg  in  the  Prov 
ince  of  Quebec.  He  was  descended  from  Scottish  ancestry,  claiming  the  Coven 
antors  as  their  ancestors.  His  parents,  though,  were  Irish,  both  having  been  born 
and  married  in  the  County  Tyrone.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hunter  were  originally  Pres 
byterians,  but  shortly  after  coming  to  this  country,  some  sixty  years  ago,  they 
joined  the  Methodist  body,  and  SamuelJames  Hunter's  father  was  for  more  than 
fifty  years  a  local  preacher  in  the  connection.  When  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
was  about  seventeen  years  of  age,  he  definitely  connected  himself  with  the 
Methodist  Church,  and  was  placed  on  the  "  Plan,"  at  first  as  an  exhorter  and 
afterwards  as  a  local  preacher.  Mr.  Hunter  at  this  time  held  a  situation  as  clerk 
in  a  store  in  Burlington.  He  had  previously  attempted  to  begin  life  as  a  farmer, 
but  neither  farming  nor  storekeeping  were  to  his  tastes ;  he  was  essentially  a 
preacher  and  his  heart  was  set  upon  becoming  a  minister.  It  was  not  long 
before  his  wish  was  gratified,  for  the  Rev.  Richard  Jones,  at  that  time,  1860, 
Chairman  of  the  Hamilton  District,  was  looking  out  for  an  assistant  to  the  Rev. 
John  N.  Lake,  of  Hullsville  Circuit,  and  his  choice  fell  upon  young  Hunter.  No 
better  account  of  what  Mr.  Hunter  was  at  this  time  can  be  given  than  that  con 
tained  in  the  columns  of  the  Christian  Guardian  of  May  5th,  1888,  which  is  as 
follows  : 

"  On  a  bright  afternoon,  early  in  October,  1861,  a  young  man  on  a  little  French 
pony  was  jogging  along  on  the  old  plank  road  leading  from  Hamilton  to  Port 
Dover,  on  his  way  to  the  little  white  parsonage  in  the  village  of  Hulls 
ville,  occupied  by  the  'preacher  in  charge'  of  the  Methodist  congregations 
on  the  large  and  laborious  field  included  in  the  '  Hullsville  Circuit.' 
Hitching  '  Tack-on '  to  the  fence,  he  entered  the  cosy  cottage  and  announced 
himself  as  Samuel  J.  Hunter,  the  '  supply  '  sent  by  the  Chairman  of  the  District, 
Rev.  Richard  Jones.  Above  the  medium  height,  and  below  the  medium  weight, 
with  a  manly  face,  bespeaking  reserve  and  earnestness,  with  a  laugh  that  always 
cheered,  he  was  taken  into  the  heart  and  home  of  the  pastor  at  once,  and  wel 
comed  to  the  greatest  work  that  mortal  man  could  be  engaged  in.  Questioned 
as  to  his  experience  as  a  preacher,  he  said  "  I  have  only  one  sermon,  and  that  is 
not  much  of  a  one.'  But  sermon  or  no  sermon,  the  young  preacher  captured  the 
hearts  of  the  people,  and  wherever  he  went  they  came  to  hear  him  with  the  greatest 

148  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

pleasure,  satisfaction  and  profit.  '  Tack-on  '  carried  him  through  mud,  rain  and 
snow,  and  he  filled  all  his  appointments,  and  his  youthful  superintendent  at  the 
district  meeting  not  only  answered  with  emphasis  the  question,  '  Has  he  com 
petent  abilities  for  our  itinerant  work  ? '  but  went  on  to  state  the  gladness  with 
which  the  people  heard  the  truth  from  the  lips  of  the  stripling  preacher.  At  the 
Conference  of  1862  we  were  both  removed — he  to  Oakville  and  I  to  Markham. 
We  met  but  seldom,  but  his  name  throughout  that  field  of  labor  is  still  with 
many  'as  ointment  poured  forth.'  In  1861  he  came  to  Richmond  Hill,  and  our 
circuits  adjoined.  We  often  met — especially  do  I  remember  the  four  days'  meet 
ing  (it  lasted  for  fourteen  days),  at  which  seventy  souls  were  converted,  held  at 
Markham  village,  when  he  with  many  others  came  to  my  assistance.  How  intense 
his  earnestness,  how  powerful  his  appeals,  how  clearly  he  presented  the  truth.  The 
stripling  of  former  years,though  no  stouter  in  body,had  acquired  great  breadth  and 
scope  of  thought,  and  his  hearers  were  always  profited  by  his  utterances.  Years 
passed  on,  and  each  in  his  way  endeavored  to  do  his  work  as  God  gave  ability.  In 
1870  the  writer  was  laying  down  the  responsibilities  of  the  active  ministry  for  the 
second  time,  on  account  of  failing  health,  having  spent  the  year  at  Niagara,  when 
on  a  lovely  morning  in  the  latter  end  of  June,  in  that  year,  a  carriage  stopped 
before  the  parsonage,  and  out  stepped  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  beaming  with 
health  and  happiness,  and  following  him  came  his  blushing  bride,  to  spend  part 
of  their  honeymoon  with  us.  The  days  went  quickly  by,  full  of  pleasure  and 
joy  to  the  whole  party.  On  the  following  Sabbath  he  preached  morning  and 
evening,  at  the  re-opening  of  the  church,  then  just  refitted  and  occupied  by  our 
congregation.  The  people  were  more  than  pleased  with  his  sermons,  and  I  could 
not  help  but  notice  the  rapid  strides  he  was  making  toward  the  front  rank  of 
public  speakers.  After  those  days  of  pleasure  came  a  separation  of  three  years, 
when  I  had  the  great  pleasure  of  moving  the  resolution  inviting  him  to  Elm 
Street  Church,  Toronto  ;  only  one  person  on  the  Board  beside  myself  knew  any 
thing  of  him,  and  he  was  accepted  largely  on  my  recommendation.  But  older 
men  wanted  the  position,  and  only  after  a  hard-fought  battle,  in  which  the 
writer  took  an  active  part,  at  the  Conference,  was  the  wish  of  the  Quarterly 
Official  Board  carried  out.  Not  that  the  committee  doubted  his  ability  for  the 
position,  but  because  older  men  had  to  be  provided  for.  Twelve  years  in  this 
city  gave  him  an  opportunity  to  prove  his  call  to  the  Christian  ministry  in  the 


forceful  sermons,  the  faithful  pastoral  visits,  the  efficient  leader  of  special  ser 
vices,  and  the  Christian  gentleman.  But  he  has  taken  his  departure.  We  mourn 
his  loss,  and  renew  our  vows  of  faithfulness  to  God  and  humanity.  The  influ 
ence  of  his  life  remains  ;  the  grave  has  received  any  error,  covered  any  defect, 
and  the  fondest  recollections  alone  survive." 

It  is  not  necessary  to  enter  into  any  lengthened  account  of  Mr.  Hunter's  life 
and  labors.  He  truly  wrote  his  own  epitaph  by  his  self-denying  zeal,  energy, 
and  unwavering  sincerity.  As  his  biographer  says :  "  He  never  sought  or 
coveted  official  position,  but  shrunk  from  it,  although  his  brethren  were  anxious 
to  give  it  him,  for  perhaps  no  minister  in  our  work  was  more  popular  with,  and 
more  beloved  by  his  brethren  in  the  ministry." 

There  is  not  any  doubt  that  if  Mr.  Hunter  had  lived,  that  he  would  have  risen 
to  the  highest  position  in  the  gift  of  the  Conference.  He  had  served  the  office 
of  Secretary  of  the  Conference,  and  when  he  died  was  a  member  of  the  General 
Conference,  also  of  the  Court  of  Appeal,  and  was  a  Director  of  the  Wesleyan 
Ladies'  College  at  Hamilton.  In  1886  the  Senate  of  Victoria  University  granted 
him  the  honorary  degree  of  D.D.,  and  no  one  ever  more  richly  merited  the 

For  some  time  before  his  death  Mr.  Hunter  had  been  in  very  weak  health,  and 
had  taken  a  holiday  from  home  for  the  purpose  of  recruiting  his  strength. 
This  was  in  April,  1888,  and  on  April  22nd,  after  his  brief  holiday,  felt  so  much 
better,  that  he  was  enabled  to  preach  at  the  Centenary  Church,  Hamilton,  both 
morning  and  evening.  The  closing  scene  in  Mr.  Hunter's  life  was  thus  described 
by  one  of  the  Toronto  papers  : 

"  On  Monday,  the  23rd,  he  attended  a  funeral,  and  on  that  evening  complained 
of  being  unwell.  Within  a  few  hours  erysipelas  had  manifested  itself.  The 
progress  of  the  disease  was  rapid  from  the  beginning,  and  although  his  family 
physician,  Dr.  Rosebrugh,  and  Drs.  Mullin  and  Griffin  (who  were  called  in  con 
sultation),  did  all  in  their  power  to  arrest  the  malady,  their  efforts  proved  un 
availing,  and  at  7.30  last  evening  (April  3()th,  1888),  the  good  and  beloved 
pastor  breathed  his  last." 

After  the  death  of  Mr.  Hunter  the  Toronto  Globe  thus  referred  to  him  : 

"  By  the  premature  death  of  Rev.  S.  J.  Hunter,  D.D.,  the  Methodists  have  lost 
a  leader  and  the  Christian  pulpit  one  of  its  most  eloquent  voices.  He  was  a  man 


of  noble  life  and  lofty  courage,  and  a  powerful  factor  in  the  moral  and  religious 
movements  of  his  time." 

The  Hamilton  Times  also  paid  a  glowing  tribute  to  his  worth  and  to  his 
memory,  in  the  following  words  : 

"  In  the  death  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Hunter,  pastor  of  the  Centenary  Methodist 
Church,  a  man  of  large  heart,  vigorous  intellect,  sunny  disposition,  and  rare  moral 
courage,  has  gone  from  among  us.  Dr.  Hunter  was  a  man  whom  everybody  who 
ever  heard  him  speak  was  compelled  to  admire  and  respect ;  a  man  whom  those 
who  knew  him  well  were  constrained  to  love.  A  fluent,  forcible  and  eloquent 
speaker,  he  never  failed  to  please,  either  in  the  pulpit  or  on  the  platform.  His 
mind  was  richly  stored,  for  he  was  a  close  student  and  a  wide  reader,  and  his 
hearers  were  always  sure  either  to  learn  something  from  his  discourses  or  to  hear 
some  old  truth  presented  in  a  new  light.  Above  all,  he  was,  as  a  preacher, 
earnest.  His  sermons  were  invariably  fused  with  the  white  heat  of  sincerity  and 
zeal  in  the  cause  of  the  Master,  to  whose  service  he  had  devoted  his  life.  He  never 
flinched  from  telling  an  unpopular  truth.  In  the  death  of  Dr.  Hunter,  the 
Methodist  Church  in  Canada  has  lost  one  of  its  brightest  ornaments,  and  the 
country  a  man  who  had  in  him  vast  possibilities  for  good,  and  who  would  have 
utilized  them  well." 

The  following  were  the  official  members  of  Queen  Street  Church,  December 

30th,  1898: 

Local  Preacher — Lytle  Duncan. 

Exhorters— W.  W.  Ogden,  M.D.,         H.  G.  Paull,         Albert  Ogden. 

Stewards — Thomas  Mara,         John  Earls,         Albert  Ogden, 
Dr.  S.  M.  Hay,      James  Davey,     S.  R.  Hughes, 
J.  B.  Baxter. 

Representatives — R.  H.  Gould,         F.  B.  Moore,  George  Humphrey, 

G.  H.  D.  Lee,       E.  J.  Humphrey,      J.  C.  Paterson, 
J.  H.  Watson,  M.D. 

Trustees — Edward  Leadley,  John  Earls,  A.  Ogden, 

W.  W.  Ogden,  M.D.,  James  Price,  George  Williams, 

John  Leadley,  S.  R.  Hughes,  J.  B.  Baxter, 

W.  S.  Fry,  A.  Welch,  G.  J.  St.  Leger. 


Executive  Committee — W.  W.  Ogden,  M.D.,  Chairman,         W.  S.  Fry,  Secretary, 

James  Davey,  Treasurer. 

Edward  Leadlay,         John  Earls,  Albert  Welch, 

George  Williams,         Jas.  C.  Paterson,    S.  M.  Hay,  M.D., 
H.  G.  Paull,  S.  R.  Hughes,         G.  H.  D.  Lee. 

Property  Committee — E.  Leadley,         S.  R.  Hughes,         W.  S.  Fry, 

A.  Welch. 

Some  of  the  minor  committees  in  this  list  of  official  members  have  been 

This  brings  the  history  of  Queen  Street  Church,  from  its  first  inception  to  the 
present  time,  to  a  close.  Representative  laity  in  the  congregation  have,  as  far  as 
possible,  been  chosen  of  whom  to  give  biographical  sketches.  No  distinctions 
whatever  have  been  shown,  many  have  been  omitted  from  want  of  space,  but  no 
one  has  remained  unnoticed  from  any  other  cause  than  the  absolute  impossibility 
of  mentioning  every  one. 

Of  the  clergy  who  have  officiated  at  Queen  Street,  and  who  have  not  been 
noticed  in  connection  with  the  history  of  that  church,  many,  if  not  all  of  them, 
will  be  found  to  be  fully  referred  to  elsewhere.  With  these  few  words  of  explan 
ation  and  retrospect,  the  author  passes  on  to  the  history  of  the  next  church  in 
order  of  precedence,  viz.,  Elm  Street. 


Elm  Street  Church. 

jHAT  is  now  known  by  the  Methodists  of  Toronto  and  surrounding- 
districts  as  "  Elm  Street  Church "  is  one  of  the  many  numerous 
offshoots  of  the  Old  Richmond  St.  Church.  It  was  erected  in  1853 
to  meet  the  wants  of  the  Methodists  who  resided  in  and  near  that 
part  of  the  city  where  it  is  situated,  though  it  was  not  until  1865  that 
the  congregation  was  set  off  by  itself  and  became  known  as  Toronto 
North.  It  continued  to  bear  that  name  until  1870,  since  which  it  has  been 
known  as  Toronto  Third. 

The  noted  evangelist,  the  Rev.  James  Caughey,  has  already  often  been  referred 
to  in  the  pages  of  this  book,  and  to  his  exertions,  or,  perhaps,  more  to  his  vigor 
ous  preaching  than  to  any  work  he  did  in  raising  funds  to  build  the  church,  does 
Elm  St.  congregation  owe  its  existence. 

It  was  in  1850  that  James  Caughey  came  to  this  city  for  the  purpose  of  hold 
ing  revival  meetings.  They  were  held  in  many  different  places  throughout  the 
district,  and  continued  for  several  months.  So  great  was  the  influence  exerted 
by  Mr.  Caughey 's  preaching  that  the  congregation  attending  the  Old  Richmond 
St.  Church  exceeded  the  capacity  of  that  building  to  contain  them,  and  it  became 
evident  that  if  these  large  number  of  adherents  were  to  remain  in  communion 
with  the  Methodist  Church,  and  attend  her  services,  that  either  the  Richmond 
St.  Church  must  be  very  greatly  enlarged,  or  that  a  new  building  must  be  erected 
capable  of  containing  the  number  of  people  who  required  accommodation. 

The  last  course  was  the  one  adopted  ;  it  was  decided  to  build  a  new  church, 
and  Messrs.  Brown,  Miller  and  Price  were  appointed  by  the  Richmond  St.  con 
gregation  to  organize  the  projected  new  church,  and  they  chose  as  their 
place  of  worship  a  schoolhouse  on  the  corner  of  Teraulay  and  Edward  Sts. 
This  schoolhouse  was  on  the  south  side  of  Edward  St.,  and  has  since  been  con 
verted  into  dwelling  houses  now  known  as  Nos.  63,  65  and  67  in  that  street. 

On  the  first  Sunday  of  September,  1853,  a  circular  was  issued  to  all  the  mem 
bers  of  the  Richmond  St.  Church,  and  to  many  other  adherents  of  the  Methodist 



communion  in  Toronto,  asking  for  subscriptions  in  aid  of  the  projected  new 
chapel  on  Elm  St.  The  same  circular  announced  that  services  would  be  held  in 
the  schoolhouse,  then  rented  for  the  purpose  of  divine  service.  The  first  services 
in  this  church,  or  schoolhouse  rather,  were  conducted  by  Revs.  H.  Wilkinson 
and  E.  B.  Harper,  and  were  very  well  attended.  An  excellent  Sunday  School 
was  organized,  and,  pending  the  erection  of  the  new  chapel,  the  work  went  on 

The  first  trustees  of  the  Elm  St.  Church,  appointed  November  1st,  1852,  were  : 
Richard  "Woods worth,  Richard  Yates,  James  Price,  John  Tyner,  Richard  Hast 
ings,  John  Eastwood,  John  MacDonald  and  Richard  Score.  Under  the  direction 
of  this  Board  of  Trustees,  the  first  Elm  St.  Church  was  erected,  it  was  a  large 
frame,  rough-cast  building,  with  a  dome,  and  was  built  in  1854-55. 

The  Church,  though,  was  not  opened  until  April  8th,  1855,  when  the 
Rev.  Enoch  Woods,  D.D.,  officiated.  The  congregation  for  several  years  after  the 
opening  "  grew  and  multiplied."  The  various  pastors  and  the  people  worked 
harmoniously  together ;  there  were  good  congregations,  large  Sunday  Schools, 
and  a  pleasant  and  brotherly  feeling  reigned  throughout. 

A  great  misfortune  befell  the  congregation  of  Elm  St.  on  Sunday,  October 
27th,  1861,  when  the  church  was  destroyed  by  fire.  The  cause  of  fire  was  not 
in  the  church  itself,  but  in  some  stables  in  its  immediate  rear,  which,  taking  fire, 
the  flames  arising  from  them  extended  to  the  church,  and  very  soon  it  was  in 
ashes.  Fortunately  for  the  congregation  there  was  an  insurance  of  $8,000  on  the 
building,  and  this  sum,  being  readily  paid,  constituted  an  ample  fund  wherewith 
to  commence  operations  in  erecting  a  new  church.  It  was  determined  that  this 
new  building  should  be  of  brick,  and  the  corner-stone  of  it  was  laid  on  Queen's 
Birthday,  1862,  by  Dr.  Woods,  who  had  opened  the  first  church  some  seven 
years  previously.  For  a  little  while  the  congregation  had  the  use  of  a  small 
church  on  Elizabeth  St.,  while  a  temporary  building  was  being  erected  for  their 
use  on  Elm  St.,  almost  opposite  to  the  church.  Services  were  held  regularly  in 
this  makeshift  building  until  the  new  church  was  ready  for  occupation,  and  it  is 
worthy  of  remark  that  during  this  trying  period,  when  the  congregation  was 
badly  housed  and  there  were  many  inconveniences  attending  worship  in  the 
building  we  are  speaking  of,  that  not  only  did  the  congregation  hold  its  own,  but 
increased  instead  of  diminished.  The  Board  of  Trustees  at  this  time  numbered 

154  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

among  its  members  Messrs.  Jennings,  Aikenhead,  Price,  W.  D.  Matthews,  and 
Edward  Stevenson. 

The  second  Elm  St.  Church  was  a  very  plain  building,  entirely  devoid  of 
architectural  ornament,  in  fact,  in  keeping  with  the  traditions  of  Methodism  in 
the  early  part  of  the  century,  when  the  buildings  which  they  erected  for  divine 
service  richly  merited,  from  their  outward  appearance,  the  description  which  they 
so  often  received,  that  of  "  ecclesiastical  barns." 

A  remarkably  able  man  who  was  preaching  at  Elm  St.  during  this  period  was 
the  Rev.  George  Douglas,  D.D.,  of  whom  more  will  be  said  before  this  history  of 
the  church  is  brought  to  a  conclusion.  Another  minister  who  exercised  great  in 
fluence,  and  who  was  regarded  with  great  esteem  by  the  congregation,  was  the 
Rev.  James  Henry  Bishop,  who  died  in  1869,  while  pastor  of  the  church.  As  a 
token  of  the  regard  felt  for  him  by  his  congregation,  they  erected  a  handsome 
monument  to  his  memory  in  the  Necropolis. 

In  1876,  Dr.  Potts  became  the  pastor  of  Elm  St.,  and  the  growth  of  the  congre 
gation  under  his  ministrations  became  so  great  that  the  second  buildino-  was 

o  o  o 

found  to  be  too  small  for  its  necessities.     It  was,  therefore,  resolved  to  enlarge  it, 

'  o  " 

which  was  done  at  a  cost  of  $39,000.  Nearly  the  whole  of  the  old  building  was 
removed,  only  the  western  wall  was  left  standing;  the  width  of  the  church  was 
increased  to  97  feet,  which  had  originally  been  54  x  84  It.,  while  the  schoolroom 
at  the  back  of  it  was  originally  44  x  71  ft.  At  the  same  time  that  the  church 
was  enlarged,  the  schoolhouse  was  also  enlarged  to  115  x  53  ft. 

The  present  church  stands  a  few  feet  north  of  the  sidewalk,  its  four  entrances 
being  reached  by  a  flight  of  steps.  The  style  of  architecture  is  early  English  and 
it  is  built  of  white  brick  with  stone  facings.  The  eastern  tower  is  76  ft.  in 
height,  and  the  western,  which  is  surmounted  by  a  very  graceful  spire,  reaches 
an  altitude  of  136  ft.  A  writer  in  one  of  the  Toronto  papers  some  ten  years 
since,  speaking  of  the  internal  appearance  of  the  Elm  St.  Church,  said: 

"  When  this  church  was  built,  the  architect  suggested  a  more  definite  archi 
tectural  character  in  their  reconstruction  of  the  building,  but  the  additional  cos* 
of  $10,000  seemed  too  great  a  liability.  The  want  of  more  ornamentation  in 
order  to  relieve  the  building  of  severe  plainness,  is  now  deeply  felt ;  its  capacious 
appearance  and  size  must  atone  for  the  lack  of  those  graceful  lines  and  breaks 
that  render  a  building  architecturally  attractive." 


Elm  St.  Church  is  in  its  interior  37  ft.  in  height,  and  is  in  the  form  of  an 

The  arrangement  of  the  auditorium  in  Elm  St.  Church  is  perfected  and 
centered  in  the  organ,  which  is  built  back  of  the  pulpit,  flush  with  the  wall.  It 
is  35  feet  wide,  is  finished  in  chestnut,  and  ornamented  with  walnut,  and  har 
monizes  with  the  woodwork  of  the  pulpit  and  the  pews.  It  is  handsomely 
decorated  in  blue  and  gold,  and  presents  a  very  good  appearance ;  it  has  no  dis 
tinctive  existence,  apparently,  from  the  body  of  the  church ;  it  is  a  part  of  it,  and 
if  the  eye  looks  in  vain  for  special  efiects  elsewhere,  a  view  of  the  or^an  in 

o         J 

front  of  which  stands  the  neatly  carved  pulpit,  with  a  small  but  graceful  chan 
cel,  in  the  centre  of  which  is  a  white  baptismal  marble  font,  presents  a  pretty 
picture,  full  of  artistic  beauty.  The  choir  platform,  between  the  pulpit  and  the 
organ,  is  capable  of  seating  one  hundred  people.  On  each  side  of  the  organ  are 
steps  leading  to  the  choir  seats. 

Tho  organ  is  an  excellent  one,  possessing  a  rich  and  full  tone,  and  has  a  double 
manual  of  fifty-eight  notes.  In  this  instrument  there  are  twenty-seven  stops, 
and  four  with  the  pedal  organ,  the  wind  being  supplied  by  hydraulic  power. 
The  organ  was  built  by  Warren  &  Son,  who,  it  is  said,  "  introduced  a  new  factor 
into  this  instrument,  it  being  the  first  organ  to  which  the  principle  of  pneumatic 
and  tubular  stop  action  was  applied.  The  keys  were  worked  the  same  as  piano 
keys,  in  place  of  the  ordinary  draw  stops,  but  instead  of  the  player  opening  and 
shutting  stops  with  draw  stops,  this  principle  so  arranges  that  the  wind  is  used 
as  the  motive  power ;  the  stops  are  only  governing  valves  to  the  wind  which  is 
controlled  by  the  organist." 

The  musical  arrangements  at  Elm  St.  Church  have  always  been  characterized 
by  extreme  simplicity,  but  excellent  taste.  It  has  always  been  the  aim  of  those 
responsible  for  the  service  to  obtain  as  hearty  a  musical  service  as  possible  with 
out  resorting  to  anything  unduly  ornate  or  sensational.  For  many  years  the 
choir  was  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Blight.,  whose  wife  was  the  organist. 
Since  1897  Elm  St.  Church  choir  has  been  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  W.  J.  A. 
Carnahan,  the  popular  baritone  singer  and  vocal  instructor.  Mr.  Carnahan  pos 
sesses  a  fine  voice,  rich,  resonant  and  pleasing  throughout  its  entire  compass. 
He  has  received  a  complete  musical  training  and  his  voice  is  under  excellent 
control.  It  has  been  well  said  of  him  that  he  is  one  of  Canada's  most  popular 

156  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

baritones.  "  Being  gifted  with  a  voice  of  exceptional  power  and  refinement, 
which  is  held  well  under  control,  and  further,  having  an  excellent  stage  pres 
ence,  he  has  succeeded  in  making  himself  extremely  wealthy  and  popular  in  a 
very  short  space  of  time.  Mr.  Carnahan  has  sung  in  nearly  every  city  and  town 
in  the  Province,  and  has  scored  successes  everywhere.  He  is  a  native  of  Mea- 
ford,  Ont.,  and  came  to  Toronto  about  ten  years  ago,  and  has  since  studied  under 
Mr.  Torrington,  Mr.  Haslam  and  Signer  Tesseman.  In  addition  to  his  stage 
work  Mr.  Carnahan  is  one  of  the  teachers  of  voice  culture  at  the  College  of 


Music,  and  also  acts  as  choirmaster  of  Elm  St.  Methodist  Church,  Toronto." 

Mr.  Carnahan  is  about  thirty  years  of  age,  and  is  a  resident  of  East  Toronto, 
where  he  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  public  affairs,  having  been  for  some 
time  a  member  of  the  Village  Council.  He  is  a  member  of  A.  F.  and  A.  M., 
being  W.  M.  of  Acacia  Lodge  ;  he  is  also  a  prominent  member  of  the  I.O.O.F. 

Speaking  of  Elm  St.  in  a  financial  light,  the  aspect  is  very  satisfactory.     The 
total  value  of  the  property  controlled  by  the  Board  of  Trustees  exceeds  $50,000. 
The  yearly  income  is  between  $10,000  and  $12,000,  about    one-quarter  of  which 
is  received   from  pew  rents,  and  another  quarter  from  collections,  while   more 
than  $2,000  is  raised  annually  for  mission  work  alone. 
The  clergy  of  Elm  St.  since  1865  have  been  these : 
1865-66-67,  Edward  Hartley  Dewart. 
1868-69,  James  Henry  Bishop. 

1870,  William  Smith  Griffin. 

1871,  William  Smith  Griffin,  E.  F.  Goff,  W.  Wellington  Carson. 

1872,  William  Smith  Griffin,  George  H.  Bridgman. 
1873-74-75,  Samuel  J.  Hunter,  Isaac  To  veil. 
1876-77-78,  John  Potts,  D.D.,  Thomas  W.  Jeffery. 
18;  9-80-81,  Samuel  J.  Hunter. 

1882-83-84,  W.  H.  Laird. 
1885-86-87,  John  Potts,  D.D. 
1888-89-90,  D.  G.  Sutherland,  D.D. 
1891-92-93,  John  E.  Starr. 
1894,  W.  J.  Maxwell. 
1895-96,  W.  Galbraith,  M.A. 
1897-98-99,  John  F.  German. 


The  following  gentlemen  constitute  the  Trustee  Board  of  Elm  St.  Methodist 
Church  : 

James  Aikenhead,  F.  W.  Armstrong, 

Warring  Kennedy,  Dr.  N.  A.  Powell, 

James  Jennings,  T.  E.  Aikenhead, 

Richard  J.  Score,  Archer  G.  Watson, 

Robert  C.  Hamilton,  Edwin  T.  Berkinshaw, 

James  Young, 

R.  C.  Hamilton,  Secretary.     E.  T.  Berkinshaw,  Treasurer. 
Among  prominent  lay  workers  at  this  church  was  the  late  Mrs.  Louisa  Petti- 
grew.  She  was  born  in  Dublin,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1820,  and  came  to  this  coun 
try  when  sixteen  years  of  age. 

She  was  a  member,  first,  of  the  old  George  St.,  afterwards  of  the  old  Adelaide 
St.,  and  later  of  the  Queen  St.  Churches,  and  at  the  date  of  her  death  was  a 
member  of  Elm  Street.  Mrs.  Pettigrew  was  an  upright,  consistent  Christian 
woman,  and  in  a  quiet,  unostentatious  manner,  faithfully  did  all  that  lay  within 
her  power  to  advance  the  cause  of  Christianity.  Mrs.  Pettigrew  was  an  ener 
getic  mission  worker,  and  at  the  time  of  her  death  was  a  life  member  of  the 
Bible  Society. 

Samuel  Edgar,  the  son  of  the  last  named,  received  his  education  at  the  City 
Model  in  Toronto,  and  for  several  years  was  connected  with  the  Mail  newspaper 
as  financial  and  marine  reporter ;  he  was  afterwards  connected  with  the  Omaha 
Bee,  and  later  was  editor  of  the  Salt  Lake  Tribune.  He  was  a  Lieutenant  in  the 
Militia  first,  afterwards  a  member  of  the  Toronto  Field  Battery.  He  died  24th 
January,  1896. 

Thomas  A.  Kelly  was  born  in  Cookstown,  December  26th,  1870,  and  was  the 
son  of  William  E.  and  Mary  Kelly.  He  was  educated  at  the  common  school  at 
Cookstown,  and  afterwards  at  the  public  school,  Toronto.  His  father  was  born 
in  Mitchell's  Town,  Ireland,  his  mother  in  Canada,  and  both  were  active  and 
prominent  members  of  the  Methodist  Church  ;  the  former  for  many  years  was 
Librarian  of  the  Church  at  Cookstown,  and  the  latter  an  active  member  in  the 
Ladies'  Aid  Association.  When  Mr.  Kelly  first  came  to  Toronto  he  immediately 
connected  himself  with  the  Metropolitan  Church,  where  he  became  an  active 
mission  worker,  both  in  the  Metropolitan  and  in  the  Fred  Victor  Missions.  He  has 

158  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

been  a  member  of  Elm  St.  since  1891.  He  was  Assistant-Secretary  of  the  Sun 
day-School,  was  a  member  of  the  choir  for  two  years,  President  of  the  Epworth 
League  for  the  same  period,  one  of  the  most  active  workers  in  the  King's  Sons  and 
Daughters,  and  Dominion  Treasurer  of  the  same  Order,  besides  being  one  of  the 
official  members  of  Elm  St.  Church. 

There  have  been  many  very  popular  ministers  at  Elm  St.  Church,  perhaps, 
though  no  one  has  commanded  the  esteem  of  the  congregation  more  thoroughly, 
nor  gained  their  complete  respect  so  fully  as  has  the  present  (1899)  minister,  who 
is  the  Rev.  John  Ferguson  German,  D.D. 

Dr.  German  is  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Peter  German,  one  of  the  pioneer  ministers 
of  the  Methodist  Church  in  Canada,  and  now  residing  in  Echo  Place,  near  Brant- 

Dr.  German  took'the  degree  of  B.A.  at  Victoria  University  in  1864,  the  degree 
of  M.A.  in  1869,  and  in  1893  the  Senate  of  the  same  University  conferred  upon 
him  the  degree  of  D.D.  While  pursuing  his  course  at  college,  Dr.  German  was 
received  as  a  probationer  for  the  Methodist  ministry,  and  in  18  .6  was  ordained 
as  a  minister  in  that  church. 

As  a  single  man  he  was  stationed  at  Napanee,  St.  George  and  Paris. 

He  married  Kate  Augusta  Falls,  eldest  daughter  of  Mr.  Owen  H.  Falls,  of 
Simcoe,  one  of  the  pioneers  of  the  County  of  Norfolk.  In  1876  Dr.  German 
was  appointed  pastor  of  Grace  Church,  Winnipeg,  and  was  elected  Chairman  of 
the  District,  which  at  that  time  embraced  all  of  Manitoba,  and  included  the  over 
sight  of  the  Indian  Missions  in  the  far  West,  as  well  as  those  on  and  north  of 
Lake  Winnipeg.  During  his  stay  of  four  years  in  the  City  of  Winnipeg,  Mr. 
German  was  a  member  of  the  Protestant  School  Board,  and  for  three  years  In 
spector  of  the  Public  Schools  of  the  City.  When  Manitoba  University  was  es 
tablished  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  University  Council  by  the  graduates 
of  the  Province,  and  was  appointed  by  the  Council  one  of  a  committee  of  seven 
to  formulate  a  course  for  the  degree  of  B.A.  for  the  University. 

In  1880  Mr.  German  returned  to  Ontario,  and  was  stationed  successively  in 
Picton,  Brampton,  Whitby  and  Barrie.  From  Barrie  he  was  transferred  to  Park- 
dale  Methodist  Church,  and  is  now  commencing  his  fourth  year  as  pastor  of  Elm 
St.  Church.  Dr.  German  has  had  his  full  share  of  official  positions.  For  seven 
teen  years  in  succession  he  was  elected  Chairman  of  the  District  upon  which  he 


was  stationed.  In  1885  he  was  elected  Secretary  of  the  Toronto  Conference, 
and  in  1886  he  was  made  President  of  the  same  body.  In  1899  he  is  minister 
at  Elm  St. 

A  very  prominent  and  useful  member  of  Elm  St.  congregation  was  the  late 
Richard  Score.  Mr.  Score  was  the  son  of  John  and  Johanna  Score,  and  was  born 
in  the  parish  of  Parkham,  near  the  lovely  little  town  of  Bideford  in  Devonshire, 
England,  on  August  10, 1807.  Mr.  Score's  parents  were  members  of  the  Anglican 
Church,  and  their  child,  the  subject  of  this  memoir,  was  baptized  in  the  parish 
church,  Parkham,  on  October  llth,  1807.  He  was  educated  in  Bideford,  and 
left  England  for  Canada  in  the  year  1830.  On  his  arrival  in  Quebec  his  first 
intention  was  to  proceed  directly  to  York,  but  he  changed  his  mind,  owing  to 
experiencing  very  bad  weather  between  Quebec  and  Montreal,  and  went  to 
Bowmanville,  where  his  wife  had  relations.  There  he  remained  one  year  and 
then  came  to  York,  where  he  became  foreman  for  a  Mr.  Hawke,  who  was  carry 
ing  on  business  as  a  merchant  tailor  on  King  Street,  his  store  being  the  same  as 
that  now  occupied  by  Mr.  P.  M.  Clarke. 

Mr.  Score  remained  in  Mr.  Hawke's  employ  for  about  eleven  years,  then  in 
1842  started  in  business  on  his  own  account  in  premises  situated  in  the  Chewett 
Buildings  on  the  south  side  of  King  Street,  on  the  site  now  occupied  by  the 
Rossin  House. 

Mr.  Score  married,  in  England,  Harriet  Courtice,  daughter  of  William  Courtice, 
of  Twitchen  Farm,  near  Bideford,  Devonshire.  By  this  marriage  there  were  one 
son  and  five  daughters.  Mrs.  Score  died  several  years  ago,  and  Mr.  Score  mar 
ried  for  a  second  time,  in  1889,  Mrs.  Walker,  the  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Mr. 
William  Gooderham.  This  lady  still  survives  (1899). 

On  coming  to  York,  Mr.  Score  was  at  first  an  adherent  of  the  George  Sk.  con 
gregation.  After  the  dissolution  of  the  Union,  instead  of  returning  to  George  St., 
he  formed  one  of  the  original  members  of  the  Richmond  St.  congregation,  and 
was  one  of  the  original  trustees  of  that  church.  He  attended  there  until  the 
Elm  St.  Church  was  appointed,  where  he  was  also  one  of  the  original  trustees. 
Throughout  the  whole  of  his  life  he  took  an  active  part  in  everything  pertaining 
to  church  life,  and  was  a  useful  and  zealous  member  of  the  Methodist  denomina 
tion  up  to  the  day  of  his  death,  which  occurred  April  25th,  1896. 

Richard  J.  Score,  the  only  son  of  the  gentleman  described  in  the  last 
biography,  was  born  in  Toronto  on  March  9th,  1842.  He  was  educated  first  at 

160  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

the  old  Grammar  School  on  Nelson  St.,  afterwards  Jarvis,  of  which  Mr.  Howe 
was  the  principal,  and  from  there  he  was  sent  to  the  well-known  Grammar 
School  at  Niagara,  the  principal  of  which  was  the  Rev.  T.  D.  Phillips,  father  of 
the  well-known  Rev.  Thomas  Phillips,  so  noted  as  a  cricketer.  After  leaving 
school,  Mr.  R.  J.  Score  entered  into  business  as  a  merchant  tailor  when  about 
eighteen  years  of  age,  and  has  been  engaged  in  that  calling  ever  since.  He  has 
led  a  very  active  public  life.  For  many  years  he  has  been  an  Alderman,  has 
been  Chairman  of  the  Attraction  Committee  of  the  Toronto  Industrial  Exhibi 
tion  for  more  than  a  dozen  years,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Toronto  Board  of 
Trade.  In  addition  to  these  secular  offices,  Mr.  Score  has  been  Treasurer  of  the 
Sunday  School  Association  of  Ontario  since  1895,  and  since  1883  has  been 
Superintendent  of  the  Elm  St.  Sabbath  School.  Mr.  R.  J.  Score  married  Miss 
Clarissa  Metcalf,  a  daughter  of  the  late  Thomas  Metcalf,  of  John  Street,  Toronto. 
[This  concludes  the  history  of  this  particular  church,  though  it  is  also  referred 
to  in  notes  at  end  of  volume.] 


Berkeley  Street  Church. 

OR  twenty  years  the  missionary  movement  which  eventually  resulted 
in  the  erection  of  this  church  consisted  solely  of  a  Sunday  School, 
inaugurated  first  in  the  year  1837,  by  a  few  zealous  members  of  old 
Adelaide  Street  Church.  Alexander  Hamilton,  William  Marks  and 
Thomas  Storm  were  among  the  original  promoters,  and  during  the 
split  in  the  latter  body  in  the  year  1840  they  were  among  those 
who  removed  to  and  re-opened  the  George  Street  chapel,  and  the  missionary 
Sunday  School  on  Duke  Street  then  became  the  charge  of  the  latter  church. 
William  Anderson,  a  city  auditor,  but  for  many  years  head  master  of  Park  Street 
school,  who  became  connected  with  the  Duke  Street  Sunday  School  at  an  early 
date,  has  written  interesting  reminiscences  of  that  time,  which  we  quote : 

"  I  have  been  requested  to  record  my  recollections  of  the  early  history  of  Berke 
ley  Street  (formerly  Duke  Street)  Methodist  Sunday  School.  I  became  connected 
with  the  school  as  teacher  in  the  early  part  of  1847.  Mr.  Henry  Parry  was  then 
superintendent.  Soon  after  I  was  appointed  secretary,  and  held  that  office  until 
near  the  middle  of  1849.  I  find  that  the  church  records  during  this  period  have 
been  lost.  I  shall  endeavor  to  supply  from  memory  a  few  fragmentary  incidents, 
although  unable  to  recall  them  in  chronological  order,  or  to  give  the  exact  date  in 
every  case. 

"  Our  Sunday  School  teachers  of  to-day,  aided  as  they  are  by  comfortably  fur 
nished  schoolrooms,  well-filled  libraries,  and  abundance  of  Sunday  School  litera 
ture,  can  scarcely  appreciate  the  difficulties  and  discouragements  connected  with 
the  work  of  their  predecessors  of  half  a  century  ago. 

"  Berkeley  Street  Sunday  School,  at  that  time,  was  carried  on  in  a  small  brick 
structure  at  the  southwest  corner  of  Berkeley  and  Duke  Streets,  on  the  site  of  the 
Berkeley  Street  fire-hall.  As  the  entrance  was  on  the  Duke  Street  side  it  was  named 
Duke  Street  Sunday  School.  On  week  days  it  was  occupied  as  a  public  schooJ, 
which  was  then  in  charge  of  a  teacher  named  McLaughlin.  Mr.  McLaughlin  was 
a  Roman  Catholic,  and  was  probably  quite  conscientious  in  the  belief  that  our 


1G2  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

teachings  were  an  injury,  rather  than  a  benefit,  to  the  community,  and  ought  not 
to  be  encouraged.  Quite  naturally,  therefore,  no  assistance  or  co-operation  on  his 
part  was  expected  or  received.  Although  he  and  his  family  occupied  the  base 
ment  as  a  dwelling,  very  little  attention  was  paid  to  the  cleanliness  of  the  school 
room.  Asa  consequence,  it  often  happened  that  on  Sunday  morning  the  accumu 
lated  dust  of  the  preceding  week  covered  the  floor  and  seats,  and  rendered  the 
place  almost  untit  for  occupation.  There  were  two  sessions  of  the  school,  the 
first  from  9  to  10.30  in  the  morning,  the  second  from  2  to  4  in  the  afternoon. 
Mr.  Parry  lived  near  York  Street,  but  frequently  could  be  seen  between  eight  and 
nine  o'clock  in  the  morning,  enveloped  in  a  cloud  of  dust,  busily  engaged  in 
sweeping  the  floor  and  dusting  the  seats.  In  winter  he  undertook  the  additional 
work  of  kindling  the  fire,  frequently  carrying  from  home  in  his  overcoat  pockets 
sufficient  kindling  wood  for  the  purpose. 

"  The  financial  affairs  and  general  management  of  four  Methodist  Sunday  Schools 
of  the  city  were  in  the  hands  of  the  committee  of  '  The  British  Wesleya.n  Methodist 
Sabbath  School  Society  of  Toronto.'  For,  be  it  remembered,  the  Wesleyan 
Methodists  in  this  country  were  at  that  time  divided  into  two  distinct  bodies 
— the  British  and  the  Canadian,  These  four  schools,  George  Street  (afterwards 
removed  to  Richmond  Street),  Duke  Street,  Lot  (now  Queen)  Street  and  York- 
ville,  belonged  to  the  British  section,  and  Adelaide  Street  to  the  Canadian.  Ap 
propriations  were  regularly  made  to  meet  necessary  expenses.  Sometimes  the 
grant  to  Duke  Street  school  was  found  insufficient.  In  such  cases  the  teachers 
themselves  would  make  up  the  deficiency,  and  it  is  surprising  with  what  cheer 
ful  alacrity  and  hearty  goodwill  this  was  done.  For  example,  when  the  supply 
of  fuel  would  run  out  sooner  than  usual,  the  teachers  would  replenish  the  stock 
from  their  own  homes.  I  well  remember  on  one  occasion  conveying  from  my 
father's  wood-pile,  on  a  Saturday  night,  sufficient  wood  for  the  following  day's 
consumption.  In  the  journal  of  the  Sunday  School  committee,  under  date  of 
Sept.  28th,  1847,  I  found  the  following  minute  :— 

" '  An  allowance  of  Is.  3d.  per  month  was  allowed  to  Duke  Street  Sunday  School 
for  fuel  during  the  winter  months.' 

"  It  may  fairly  be  assumed  that  the  members  of  this  committee  possessed  in  a 
high  degree  the  virtue  of  economy. 

"The  annual  'New  Year's  treat'  was  an  event  always  anticipated  with  much 


delight  by  the  scholars.  Although  the  viands  were  not  of  a  rich  or  varied  char 
acter,  the  proceedings  were  not  the  less  enjoyable.  It  consisted  of  a  breakfast  of 
tea  or  coffee  and  cakes,  usually  provided  by  the  teachers.  On  one  occasion,  how 
ever,  I  find  the  funds  were  supplied  by  the  Sunday  School  committee,  for  I  notice 
the  following  resolution  recorded  in  the  minutes  dated  Dec.  6,  1844: — 

"  'Resolved,  that  twenty-five  shillings  be  granted  for  a  tea  on  New  Year's  Day 
for  Duke  Street  School.' 

"  At  nine  o'clock  on  New  Year's  morning  the  teachers  and  scholars  would 
assemble  in  the  school-room  and  spend  a  couple  of  hours  in  partaking  of  a  hearty 
breakfast  and  listening  to  the  music,  speeches  and  recitations  that  followed.  I 
think  this  annual  New  Year's  gathering  was  peculiar  to  Duke  Street  school ;  at 
least  I  do  not  remember  a  similar  entertainment  in  any  other. 

"  The  following  interesting  items  are  found  in  the  minutes  of  the  same  com 
mittee  : — 

"  '  On  Jan.  25th,  1841,  the  children  of  the  city  Methodist  Sunday  Schools,  num 
bering  about  450,  assembled  in  the  George  Street  chapel,  and  proceeded  thence  to 
the  City  Hall,  where,  after  tea,  Sheriff  Jarvis  took  the  chair,  and  the  following 
speakers  addressed  the  meeting :  J.  H.  Hagarty,  Esq.,  Alderman  Dixon,  Alexan 
der  Mowat,  Rev.  Matthew  Ritchey,  Alexander  Hamilton,  W.  Osborne  and  George 

"At  a  meeting  of  the  committee  on  July  19th,  1841,  it  was  decided  that,  '  in 
order  to  augment  the  funds  of  the  Society,  it  is  expedient  to  make  an  excursion 
to  the  Falls  of  Niagara;  that  the  price  of  the  tickets  be  12s.  6d.,  and  that  there 
be  no  free  tickets  except  to  the  ministers  and  their  families  and  the  choir  of 
George  Street  chapel.' 

"  The  minutes  of  a  meeting  held  on  the  20th  June,  1843,  contain  the  following: — 

" '  It  was  resolved  that  the  scholars  of  the  different  schools  should  meet  together 


and  be  treated  to  roast  beef  and  plum  pudding.' 

"  A  committee  was  appointed  to  procure  the  roast  beef  and  another  to  provide 
the  plum  pudding. 

"  Where  the  feast  took  place  is  not  recorded  ;  but,  having  been  a  scholar  in  the 
George  Street  school  at  the  time,  I  distinctly  remember  it  took  place  in  what  was 
known  as  Jarvis'  Bush,  and  my  wife,  then  a  little  girl  attending  Duke  Street 
school,  also  recollects  being  present.  The  Jarvis  property  was  a  strip  of  land  ex- 

164  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

tending  from  Queen  to  Bloor  Streets  and  from  George  to  Church  Street.  What 
is  now  known  as  Jarvis  Street  was  then  a  long  lane  or  avenue,  not  open  to  the 
public,  but  entered  by  a  gateway  from  Queen  Street.  The  greater  part  of  this 
land  was  covered  by  forest  known  as  Jarvis'  Bush,  and  the  present  streets  run 
ning  through  it  parallel  to  Queen  Street  were  not  then  opened  out.  A  convenient 
spot  was  selected  about  half  way  between  Queen  and  Bloor  Streets,  where  the 
children  assembled  and  partook  of  the  very  substantial  bill  of  fare  mentioned 
above,  probably  the  only  one  of  the  kind  ever  served  up  to  a  party  of  Sunday 
School  children  in  Toronto. 

"  On  August  4,  1843,  the  Sunday  School  Committee  appointed  the  following 
superintendents : — 

George  Street  School — Alexander  Hamilton. 

Duke  Street — Henry  Parry. 

Lot  (now  Queen)  Street — Henry  Leadly. 

Yorkville — J.  Hastings. 

"  This  appears  to  be  Mr.  Parry's  first  appointment  as  superintendent.  His 
name,  however,  occurs  in  the  list  of  members  of  the  Sunday  School  Committee 
present  at  a  meeting  held  on  the  27th  February  of  the  same  year. 

"  The  following  statement  of  the  attendance  at  the  above-named  schools  was 
submitted  by  the  Secretary  of  the  Sunday  School  Committee  on  May  27th,  1844. 

Teachers.  Scholars. 

George  Street  School  31  220 

Lot  Street  19  195 

Yorkville  8  54 

Duke  Street  18  127 

"  From  this  it  will  be  seen  that  the  average  attendance  in  each  class,  taking  the 
schools  together,  was  about  eight,  that  of  Duke  Street  about  seven, 

"  It  was  not  until  a  much  later  date  that  the  summer  picnic  became  a  recognized 
feature  of  Toronto  Sunday  Schools.  Treats  such  as  have  been  referred  to  occur 
red  at  irregular  intervals,  and  the  teachers  had  their  periodical  tea-meetings,  or 
festivals  as  they  were  called,  where  church  and  Sunday  School  matters  were  dis 
cussed,  and  the  social  element  cultivated ;  but  it  was  not  often  they  had  an  op 
portunity  to  enjoy  a  holiday  outing  together.  On  one  memorable  occasion,  how 
ever,  I  think  it  was  in  the  summer  of  1847,  the  teachers  of  the  four  schools  made 


arrangements  for  a  union  picnic  party  to  the  Hum  her  River,  memorable  on  ac 
count  of  an  unfortunate  mishap  that  occurred  to  one  of  the  boats  on  the  home 
ward  journey.  It  may  not  be  out  of  place  to  recall  some  of  the  incidents.  A 
number  of  small  boats  having  been  provided,  we  embarked  on  our  voyage  on  a 
bright,  cloudless  July  morning,  as  happy  and  joyous  a  company  probably  as  ever 
left  Toronto  in  search  of  a  day's  recreation.  We  took  turns  at  the  oars,  and 
leisurely  propelled  our  vessels  over  the  glassy  surface  of  the  placid  bay  and  lake, 
being  rather  inclined  to  linger  on  the  way  to  enjoy  the  fresh  odor  of  the  harvest 
fields  and  flower  gardens  wafted  from  the  shore  than  to  hasten  rapidly  to  the 
destination  of  home. 

"  A  couple  of  hours  brought  us  to  the  mouth  of  the  H umber,  and  passing  up  the 
river  we  selected  a  delightfully  cool,  shady  spot  on  the  east  bank,  where  we  de 
posited  our  stores  and  proceeded  at  once  to  carry  out  a  pre-arranged  programme  of 
holiday  pastimes. 

"  Old  and  young  entered  heartily  into  the  sports  of  the  day.  The  weather  was 
all  that  could  be  desired,  the  refreshments  were  choice  and  plentiful,  and  were 
partaken  of  with  a  relish  such  as  only  open  air  exercise  can  produce.  About  six 
o'clock  we  made  preparations  for  the  return  trip,  and  in  half  an  hour  were  on 
our  way  towards  the  lake.  We  paid  little  attention  to  the  fact  that  a  stiff 
breeze  from  the  south  had  sprung  up  during  the  afternoon  until  we  passed  under 
neath  the  Humber  bridge,  and  were  actually  battling  with  the  waves.  The  boat 
I  happened  to  be  in,  the  same  in  which  I  had  made  the  outward  trip,  was  some 
what  heavy,  built  with  a  keel,  and  of  that  description  commonly  known  as  a  lugger  ; 
and  the  only  vessel  of  our  miniature  fleet  provided  with  a  sail  to  be  used  when 
required.  She  was  considered  quite  safe,  and  capable  of  carrying  at  least  twenty 
passengers.  I  think  we  had  about  sixteen  on  board. 

"  Out  on  the  lake  many  breakers  were  seen,  but  with  an  appearance  of  courage 
some  of  us  did  not  feel  we  plied  the  oars  manfully  in  an  effort  to  reach  deeper 
water,  intending  there  to  hoist  our  sail  and  reach  the  city  without  the  labor  of 
rowing.  After  half  an  hour's  hard  work,  thinking  ourselves  far  enough  from 
shore  for  our  purpose,  we  ran  up  our  canvas  and  turned  our  prow  homewards. 
At  first  we  seemed  likely  to  succeed,  but  alas  !  our  united  nautical  skill  was  un 
equal  to  the  occasion.  We  dropped  into  the  trough  of  the  sea,  and  soon  were 
helplessly  drifting  towards  shore.  Whitecaps  increased  in  size  and  number  on  the 

166  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

lake,  and  white  faces  became  general  on  board.  The  spray  dashed  wildly  over 
the  sides  of  our  boat,  the  roar  of  the  storm  being  mingled  with  the  shrieks  and 
cries  of  those  who,  a  few  hours  before,  had  filled  the  air  with  the  sound  of  joyous 
merriment.  Soon  we  had  shipped  a  large  quantity  of  water,  and  the  efforts  of 
all  on  board  who  could  obtain  vessels  for  the  purpose  were  barely  sufficient  to 
keep  us  afloat  by  baling.  Those  of  us  who  had  been  accustomed  to  the  water 
were  not  seriously  alarmed  for  our  own  safety,  as  swimming  and  clinging  to  the 
upturned  boat,  should  she  be  upset,  presented  a  means  of  escape;  but  the  dan- 
o-er  beeame  serious  for  those  who  could  not  swirn,  especially  the  wTomen  folk.  In 
spite  of  our  exertions,  the  water  continued  to  gain  on  us,  but  now  we  were  only 
two  or  three  hundred  yards  from  shore,  and  although  every  wave  threatened 
destruction  it  brought  us  nearer  to  safety.  At  last,  after  an  hour's  suspense,  our 
keel  struck  bottom.  Several  of  us  leaped  into  the  water  and  carried  the  ladies 
ashore,some  in  a  fainting  condition, all  completely  drenched, but  thankful  tohavees- 
caped  alive.  The  beach  for  some  distance  soon  presented  the  appearance  of  a  gen 
uine  shipwreck;  loaves  of  bread,  oars,  baskets  of  cake,  hats,shawls  and  bonnets  were 
floating  in  all  directions.  We  were  in  a  pitiable  plight.  Our  clothing  was  soak 
ed,  nio-ht  was  coming  on,  and  we  were  miles  from  home.  There  were  no  sub 
urban  trains  or  trolley  cars  in  those  days,  nor  could  we  invoke  the  aid  of  the 
telephone  or  telegraph.  Fortunately,  the  other  boats  had  weathered  the  storm 
and  reached  the  city  in  safety.  The  news  spread  rapidly  that  our  boat  had  been 
swamped,  and  that,  in  all  probability,  we  were  all  drowned.  Friends  who  heard 
of  the  disaster  procured  conveyances  and  were  soon  on  the  way,  eager  to  learn 
the  facts,  and,  if  possible,  recover  the  bodies  of  the  drowned.  Great  was  their 
surprise  and  joy,  however,  to  find  us  all  alive.  The  ladies  and  those  of  mature 
years  were  driven  home  as  rapidly  as  possible.  The  young  men,  myself  includ 
ed,  preferred  to  walk,  reaching  home  about  ten  o'clock  at  night,  little  the  worse 
for  our  wetting. 

"  Thus  ended  our  first  teachers'  picnic  and  one  of  our  number  commemorated 
the  events  of  the  day  by  a  humorous  poem  of  some  twenty  stanzas,  entitled  '  In 
the  days  when  we  went  picnicing.' 

"  Among  the  boys  who  attended  Duke  Street  Sunday  School  in  those  early 
times  were  Thomas  and  Charles  Moss,  whose  subsequent  brilliant  professional 
careers  have  become  so  well  known  in  Toronto.  They  were  at  the  time  I  first 


knew  them  about  ten  and  eight  years  old  respectively,  quiet,  unassuming,  well- 
behaved  lads,  having  also  the  character  of  being  studious  and  attentive.  Thomas, 
the  elder,  afterwards  graduated  with  honors  at  Toronto  University.  On  leavino- 
college  he  chose  law  as  a  profession  and  early  established  those  qualities  of  mind 
which  subsequently  made  him  famous  at  the  bar.  As  a  lawyer  he  was  distin 
guished  for  the  brilliancy  of  his  eloquence,  the  acuteness  of  his  intellect,  and  his 
high  sense  of  professional  honor.  He  was  elevated  to  the  Bench  and  afterwards 
became  Chief  Justice  of  Ontario. 

"Charles  Moss,  following  in  the  footsteps  of  his  illustrious  brother,  is  now  one 
of  the  leading  counsel  at  the  Ontario  bar,  and  the  head  of  the  principal  legal 
firm  of  Toronto.  An  able  lawyer,  and  a  man  of  the  highest  integrity,  he  pos 
sesses  in  an  eminent  degree  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  his  professional  breth 
ren.  Who  will  say  that  much  of  the  successful  career  and  high  standing  of  these 
eminent  men  may  not  in  some  measure  be  due  to  instruction  and  advice  received 
in  boyhood  at  old  Duke  Street  Sunday  School.  May  their  example  encourage 
the  boys  of  to-day  to  pursue  a  similar  course,  and  although  unable,  perhaps,  to 
attain  the  greatness  of  a  like  character,  each  has  it  in  his  power  to  live  a  noble 
life  and  leave  behind  him  a  character  worthy  of  imitation. 

"In  the  early  part  of  1845,  the  British  Wesleyan  Methodist  Sunday  School 
teachers  organized  a  literary  association,  called  "The  Sunday  School  Mutual  Im 
provement  Society."  At  first  the  society  met  in  Duke  Street  schoolroom,  and 
afterwards  the  trustees  of  Richmond  Street  Church  granted  the  use  of  their  large 
class-room  for  our  meetings,  where  we  continued  our  operations  with  very  en 
couraging  prospects.  Duke  Street  school  supplied  a  larger  number  of  members 
in  proportion  to  its  size  than  any  of  the  others.  Mr.  Parry  took  an  active  in 
terest  in  the  meetings,  and  attended  regularly.  The  proceedings  usually  consist 
ed  of  debates,  addresses,  essays  and  readings.  Our  society  had  only  occupied  its 
new  quarters  for  a  few  months,  when,  without  warning  or  reason  assigned,  we 
were  notified  that  we  could  no  longer  occupy  the  class-room  we  had  hitherto  used, 
and  to  the  regret  and  chagrin  of  the  members  our  meetings  were  discontinued, 
and  the  association  came  to  an  end.  It  transpired  afterwards  that  one  of  the 
preachers,  happening  to  pass  the  door  of  the  room  during  one  of  our  debates, 
stood  a  few  minntes  to  listen,  and  hearing  opinions  expressed  of  which  he  dis 
approved,  he  concluded  it  was  not  safe  to  allow  Sunday  School  teachers  to  dis- 


cuss  such  important  subjects  as  we  were  then  debating  unaided  by  the  guidance 
and  advice  of  a  minister,  and  on  his  advice  the  trustees  withdrew  the  privilege 
of  carrying  on  our  mutual  improvement  work  on  the  church  premises.    This  was 
a  severe  blow  to  the  aspiring  essayists  and  orators,  who  supposed  that  by  their 
literary  efforts  they  were  improving  their  minds  and  rendering  themselves  better 
able  to  discharge  their  important  duties  as  teachers.      This  arbitrary  conduct  of 
the  trustees  was  freely  criticized  and  unanimously  condemned.     Mr.  Parry  felt 
keenly  the  imperious  and  unmerited  reflection  on  himself,  which  it  manifestly 
implied.     He  thought  his  presence  at  the  meetings  of  the  society  should  have 
been  considered  a  sufficient  guarantee  that  nothing  of  an  objectionable  character 
would  be  introduced.     He  considered  his  labors  in  the  school  were  not  apprecia 
ted,  and  finally  decided  to  resign.     The  teachers  tried  in  vain  to  induce  him  to 
change  his  mind,  and  his  decision  was  finally  carried  out.    So  great  was  his  popu 
larity  that  he  could  by  a  simple  word  have  induced  the  majority  of  the  teachers 
to  follow  him.      But  resentment  found  no  place  in  his  noble  nature.      Notwith 
standing  his  determination  to  retire,  his  heart  was  still  with  the  school  for  which 
he  had  labored  so  faithfully.     Instead,  therefore,  of  encouraging  such  a  move 
ment,  he  exhorted  the  teachers  to  remain  and  work  on  as  before,  seeking  their 
reward,  not  in  the  approval  of  committees  or  boards,  but  in  the  consciousness  of 
doing  their  duty      Before  his  departure  the  teachers  presented  him  with  a  beau 
tiful  silver  medal,  bearing  a  suitable  inscription,  accompanied  by  an  appropriate 
address.     A  few  weeks  later  he  was  appointed  superintendent  of  Adelaide  Street 
Sunday  School,  which,  with  the  church  to  which  it  belonged,  was  connected  with 
the  Canadian  as  distinguished  from  the  British  Conference.     Looking  back  I  can 
distinctly  recall  the  dingy  old  schoolroom,  furnished  with  long  pine  desks  placed 
against  the  eastern  and  western  walls  ;  two  rows  of  backless  pine  benches  ar 
ranged  at  right  angles  to  the  desks,  leaving  a  passage  between  their  ends  run 
ning  from  the  door  to  the  south  end  of  the  room.     In  this  passage,  near  the  door, 
stood  a  large  box  stove.     At  the  middle  of  the  southern  wall,  between  two  win 
dows,  was  a  plain  reading-desk,  standing  on  a  platform  about  a  foot  high.    Desks 
and  benches  were  alike  free  from  paint  or  varnish.    Deep  furrows,  rough  designs 
in  wood,  names  and  initials,  all  traced  by  the  jack-knife  of  the  week  day  school 
boy,  with  indelible  ink  stains  from  bottles  of  the  ebony  liquid,  accidentally  over 
turned  at  different  times,  were  the  only  ornaments  the  furniture  possessed.     Be- 


hind  the  reading-desk  on  a  Sunday  afternoon  my  imagination  pictures  Mr.  Parry, 
the  superintendent,  addressing  the  school,  -a  man  of  slight  build,  rather  above 
the  medium  height,  serene,  cheerful  and  earnest,  exhorting,  persuading  and  en 
couraging  a  highly  interested  and  attentive  audience. 

"  Mr.  Parry  possessed,  in  a  high  degree,  a  peculiar  magnetic  power  by  which  he 
was  able  to  secure  and  retain,  without  apparent  effort,  the  loyalty  and  affection 
of  teachers  and  scholars.  Gentle  and  kind  in  manner,  yet  firm  and  decided  in 
action,  simple  and  concise  in  language,  pithy  and  graphic  in  style,  he  was  essen 
tially  a  leader  of  children  and  a  model  Sunday  School  superintendent. 

"  The  teachers'  meetings  were  conducted  with  less  than  the  usual  formality.  In 
fact,  in  some  respects,  they  resembled  a  family  gathering  with  the  father  presid 
ing.  Mr.  Parry  was  in  the  habit  of  addressing  teachers  by  their  first  names,  en 
tirely  ignoring  titles  and  prefixes.  The  old  adage  "  Familiarity  breeds  contempt," 
was  certainly  not  verified  in  his  case  ;  on  the  contrary,  his  cheerful  manner  and 
kindly  disposition  secured  the  respect  and  esteem  of  all  who  knew  him.  He  was 
appointed  superintendent  of  Duke  St.  Sunday  School,  as  already  stated,  on  Aug. 
4th,  1843,  and  resigned  about  April,  1848  ;  was  immediately  afterward  appointed 
to  a  similar  position  in  Adelaide  St.  School,  which  he  held  until  the  time  of  his 
death.  He  died  of  cholera  on  August  4th,  1849. 

"  He  was  succeeded  by  Mr.  William  Sheppard,  who  at  a  later  date  served  the 
city  for  several  years  as  a  public  school  trustee,  and  also  as  a  member  of  the  city 
council.  He  had  been  a  teacher  in  the  school  during  the  three  or  four  preced 
ing  years.  Mr.  Sheppard  was  a  strict  disciplinarian  and  had  a  high  ideal  of  the 
important  functions  and  responsibilities  of  a  S.  S.  superintendent;  although  he 
did  not  possess  in  such  a  marked  degree  as  his  predecessor  the  rare  faculty  of 
successfully  governing  children. 

"  He  argued  and  persuaded,  demonstrating  by  sound  reasoning  the  advantage 
and  importance  of  the  precepts  he  inculcated.  He  possessed  a  logical  mind,  and 
his  addresses  to  the  school  were  usually  more  argumentative  than  pathetic,  being 
inclined  also  to  dwell  upon  the  evils  resulting  from  wrong  doing  rather  than  the 
rewards  of  righteousness.  His  style  and  matter  were  well  adapted  to  the 
needs  and  capacities  of  teachers  as  well  as  scholars. 

"  During  Mr.  Parry's  time,  Mr.  James  Gooderham,  son  of  Mr.  William  Go«der- 
ham,  sr.,  founder  of  the  original  firm  of  Gooderham  &  Worts,  was  a  member  of 

170  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

the  teaching  staff  He  afterwards  entered  the  Methodist  ministry,  in  which  he 
continued  to  labor  for  a  few  years  ;  but,  owing  to  an  affection  of  the  throat,  he 
was  obliged  to  discontinue  preaching  and  subsequently  returned  to  business 

Among  the  early  superintendents  of  this  Sunday  School  before  the  erection  of 
Berkeley  Street  Church  were  Alex.  Hamilton,  William  Marks,  John  Macdonald, 
Henry  Parry  and  William  Sheppard.  After  the  church  was  built,  William 
Forster  became  the  first  superintendent  in  the  new  building.  He  was  succeeded 
by  S.  S.  Martin,  of  Rice  Lewis  &  Co.,  who  occupied  the  position  for  some  eleven 
years.  Charles  Woodsworth,  Emerson  Coatsworth,  sr.,  John  Faircloth,  each  be 
came  superintendent  in  turn,  until  the  present  officer,  Emerson  Coatsworth,  jr., 
was  appointed,  some  nine  years  ago.  Since  that  time  the  sometime  member  for 
East  Toronto  has  efficiently  and  conscientiously  performed  the  chief  duties  of 
the  school,  and  has  earned  for  himself  the  esteem  and  regard  of  all. 

Previous  to  the  building  of  Berkeley  Street  Church,  Robert  Carroll  conducted 
a  class  meeting  in  his  own  home  on  Ontario  Street,  a  little  north  of  Queen. 
Here  Emerson  Coatsworth,  the  present  Commissioner,  one  of  the  fathers  of 
Toronto  Methodism,  Charles  Faircloth  and  others  used  to  attend. 

During  the  superintendency  of  the  Rev.  John  Borland  in  the  Adelaide  Street 
Church  a  meeting  was  held  to  consider  the  advisability  of  building  a  church  in 
the  East  End. 

The  chief  supporters  of  the  question  under  discussion  were  residents  of  the 
eastern  suburbs,  which  section  of  the  city  was  showing  signs  of  a  prosperous 

It  was  decided  to  purchase  the  land  on  the  south-west  corner  of  Queen  and 
Berkeley  Streets,  which  was  done.  Two  lots  facing  on  Queen  Street  were  secured ; 
the  corner  lot,  with  a  frontage  of  forty  feet,  was  bought  at  a  cost  of  $50  a  foot, 
and  for  the  next  lot  west,  with  the  same  frontage,  they  paid  $40  a  foot.  It  was 
the  boom  times  of  '57,  and  the  price  of  land  was  correspondingly  inflated. 

A  church  was  erected  at  a  cost  of  $2,000  in  the  year  1857.  It  was  a  rouo-h- 
cast  wooden  structure  40  feet  by  00,  and  it  would  seat  five  hundred  people.  A 
double-door  entrance  gave  admission  from  Queen  Street ;  there  was  a  window 
on  each  side  of  the  entrance,  and  above,  in  the  gable,  a  small  triangular  signboard, 
with  the  words  "  Wesleyan  Chapel."  On  each  side  four  windows,  tipped  with 


ornamental  boards,  admitted  the  light ;  across  the  north  end  a  straight  gallery  ex 
tended,  and  here  the  choir  was  stationed.  They  had  no  music  of  any  kind  ;  the 
first  choir  was  led  by  Mr.  Cook,  whose  daughter  for  twenty-two  years  conducted  a 
store  at  the  corner  of  Parliament  Street  and  Wilton  Avenue.  The  singing  was 
hearty  and  inspiring. 

The  first  class-leaders  in  the  new  church  were,  Thomas  Carroll,  James  Gooder- 
ham,  Thomas  Storm,  and  Mrs.  Storm ;  all  of  them  have  passed  to  the  beyond 
and  rest  from  their  labors. 

The  principal  promoters  in  the  erection  of  the  building,  and  the  original 
trustees,  were  Thomas  Storm,  Mr.  Fetch,  Samuel  Rogers,  the  painter ;  Robert 
Carroll,  father  of  the  present  builder  of  Adelaide  Street ;  Emerson  Coatsworth, 
Edward  Galley,  Charles  Faircloth,  George  Sherlock,  Dr.  Aiken  and  James 
Gooderham.  William  Gooderham,  shortly  after  the  opening,  became  identified 
with  the  church  and  energetically  exercised  his  talents  in  its  behalf. 

The  church  itself  was  placed  upon  the  plan  of  the  circuit  of  the  eastern  half 
of  Toronto.  In  this  plan  Adelaide  Street  was  the  principal  church  ;  Yorkville 
occupied  second  prominence  and  Berkeley  third  and  last.  The  preachers  of  each 
church  followed  one  another  in  regular  rotation  around  the  triangular  circuit. 

Rev.  Robert  Fowler,  who  before  entering  the  ministry  had  been  a  medical 
practitioner,  was  the  first  stationed  pastor  of  the  new  church.  After  a  year's 
term  the  succeeding  preachers  of  the  circuit  were  John  Cash  and  William  H. 
Laird,  and  the  next  year  brought  Rev.  Dr.  Parker,  now  preaching  in  Yon  ge 
Street  Church,  and  Rev.  William  E.  Walker,  to  the  charge. 

Then  the  preachers  succeeded  as  follows  : 

1860— Henry  Wilkinson,  Wm.  E.  Walker,  Wm.  Briggs. 

1861 — Isaac  B.  Howard,  Charles  Lavell,  William  Hall,  B.A. 

18(52—  do.  do.  do. 

1863— Isaac  B.  Howard,  Wm.  W.  Clarke,  N.  Burwash,  B.A. 

1864— J.  A.  Williams,  Wm.  W.  Clarke,  N.  Burwash,  B.A. 

1865 — John  A.  Williams,  Hugh  Johnston,  B.A. 

1866 —  do.  George  Robson,  George  Bridgeman,  M  A. 

1867 — William  Stephenson,  George  Bridgeman,  M.A. 

1868 —  do.  James  Hannon. 

In  the  year  1869  this  church  was  set  off  as  an  independent  charge,  and  as  such 
Rev.  James  Hannon  became  its  first  pastor. 

172  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

In  the  year  1860,  the  rapid  growth  of  the  attending  congregation  necessitated 
an  enlargement,  and  an  extension  of  twenty  feet  was  added  to  the  south  end  of 
the  building.  It  was  built  in  wings,  and  thereby  additional  class-room  accommo 
dation  and  a  place  for  the  choir  in  a  small  special  gallery  above  the  pulpit  were 
provided.  Rev.  William  W.  Ross  for  three  years  occupied  the  pulpit.  He  was 
a  strong  and  forcible  preacher  of  great  spiritual  strength,  and  in  1871— the  second 
of  his  term  of  three  years — the  erection  of  the  present  brick  church  was  executed. 
It  is  a  substantial  structure,  with  a  seating  capacity  for  one  thousand  people. 
It  cost  Si 5,000.  Thomas  Snarr  was  the  contractor  for  the  brickwork,  and  W.  J. 
Smith  for  the  carpentering.  Smith  &  Gemmel,  the  architects,  drew  the  plans. 

In  1873  Rev.  John  Shaw  succeeded  Mr.  Ross.  In  1876,  the  Rev.  William  H. 
Poole  succeeded  him.  In  the  following  year  Rev.  Dr.  George  Young  occupied 
the  pulpit  and  gave  way  to  William  S.  Blackstock.  Dr.  Tovell,  Manley  Benson, 
W.  T.  Jeffrey,  Dr.  Galbraith,  Thomas  Odery,  in  succession,  filled  the  pulpit,  until 
the  arrival  of  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  Mr.  Ockley,  who  is  regarded  with  a  o-reat 

This  old  church  has  a  history.  To  the  eyes  of  the  world  its  seemingly  un 
eventful  course  has  nothing  about  it  to  interest.  But  within  its  walls  character 
has  been  i  p  built  on  sterling  foundations  and  some  of  the  men  who  by  lives  of 
lofty  purpose  have  left  their  imprint  on  the  generations  of  their  time  have  stud 
ied  in  the  Sunday  School  and  worshipped  God  in  this  old  tabernacle. 
The  pastors  of  Berkeley  St.  Church  since  1869  have  been  these  : 

1869,  James  Hannon. 

1870-71-72,  William  N.  Ross. 

1873-74-75,  John  Shaw. 

1876-77-78,  William  H.  Poole. 

1879,  George  Young,  D.D.,  William  S.  Blackstock. 

1880-81-82,  W.  S.  Blackstock. 

1883-84,  Isaac  Tovell. 

1885-8ti-87,  J.  E.  Starr. 

1888-89,  Manley  Benson. 

1890-91-92,  T.  W.  Jeffrey. 

1893-94,  William  Galbraith. 

1S95-96-97,  J.  Odery. 

1898-99,  J.  F.  Ockley. 


Many  prominent  laymen  have  from  time  to  time  been  connected  with  Berke 
ley  St.  Church,  and  of  these  we  will  try  to  give  biographies  of  representative 
men  in  as  concise  and  yet  accurate  terms  as  possible. 

William  C.  Wilkinson,  who  as  always  been  a  conspicuous  church  worker,  was 
the  son  of  the  late  Christopher  Wilkinson,  a  native  of  Cumberland,  England, 
who  settled  in  York  about  1825,  where  he  had  a  successful  career  as 
builder  and  contractor.  His  son,  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  born  in  1811, 
in  Toronto,  and  still  lives  in  his  father's  old  home  on  Parliament  St.  Mr.  Wil 
kinson  was  educated  first  privately,  and  afterwards  at  the  public  schools,  and 
from  his  early  manhood  up  to  the  present  has  always  taken  an  active  part  in 
the  religious  and  social  life  of  the  city.  At  the  age  of  fourteen  Mr.  Wilkinson 
became  a  cadet  among  the  Sons  of  Temperance,  and  from  that  age  until  the 
present  many  of  the  highest  honors  that  beneficial  and  philanthropic  institution 
has  been  able  to  award  have  been  bestowed  upon  him. 

In  1874  Mr.  Wilkinson  was  appointed  to  the  onerous  and  responsible  position 
of  Secretary-Treasurer  of  Toronto  Public  School  Board,  the  duties  of  which 
office  he  has  always  discharged  with  complete  satisfaction  to  everyone. 

In  fraternal  and  benevolent  societies  Mr.  Wilkinson  has  been  an  untirino-  and 


active  worker,  notably  in  connection  with  the  A.  F.  and  A.  M.,  of  which  he  is  a 
prominent  member. 

A  great  number  of  years  Mr.  Wilkinson  has  been  connected  with  the  Metho 
dist  Church  in  Berkeley  St.,  and  has  filled  many  responsible  offices  in  connection 
therewith.  He  has  been  a  trustee,  a  member  of  the  Official  Board,  President  of 
the  Home  Mission  Society,  a  member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Metho 
dist  Social  Union,  Secretary  of  the  Sunday  School  for  nearly  thirty  years,  and 
also  a  member  of  the  Conference. 

Of  Mr.  Wilkinson  it  may  be  said  that  everything  that  he  has  done  or  under 
taken,  he  has  done  well ;  he  has  been  no  eye-servant,  no  man-pleaser,  but  he  has 
in  all  things  tried  "  to  do  his  duty  in  whatever  station  of  life  it  has  pleased  God 
to  call  him." 

William  L.  Edmonds,  another  well-known  member  of  Berkeley  St.  Church, 
was  born  in  the  County  of  Northumberland,  England,  in  18o9,  and  two  years 
later  was  taken  by  his  parents  to  their  native  town  of  Bideford  in  Devonshire. 
Here  Mr.  Edmonds,  at  the  National  and  afterwards  at  the  Grammar  Schools, 

174  THE   HISTOKY   OF   THE 

received  his  education.  He  came  to  Toronto  with  his  parents  about  the  year 
1874,  he  being  at  the  time  fifteen  years  of  age.  He  served  a  five  years'  appren 
ticeship  to  the  printing  trade,  and  then  for  another  five  years  worked  as  a 
journeyman  printer.  In  1885  he  became  proprietor  of  the  Cannington  Gleaner, 
but  some  three  years  later  disposed  of  the  paper  and  returned  to  Toronto,  where 
he  has  been  engaged  since  as  a  journalist. 

Mr.  Edmonds  became  an  adherent  «f  Berkeley  St.  Church  about  1884,  and  has 
taken  an  active  part  in  the  work  of  the  congregation,  first  as  a  Sunday-School 
teacher,  and  afterwards  as  Assistant  Superintendent.  For  some  three  years  he 
was  President  of  the  Y.P.E.L.,  has  been  assistant  leader  of  the  Young  Men's 
Class,  and  also  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board.  In  1886,  Mr.  Edmonds  mar 
ried  Miss  Ida  E.  Galley,  second  daughter  of  Ex- Alderman  E.  Galley.  Mr.  Ed 
monds  takes  a  very  active  part  in  the  promotion  of  total  abstinence,  and 
also  in  the  Y.P.S.C.E.,  he  having  been  President  of  the  East  Toronto  District. 

Emerson  Coats  worth,  jr.,  sou  of  the  well-known  civic  official,  was  born  in 
Toronto,  March  9th,  1854,  and  received  his  early  education  at  the  Public  Schools. 
Afterwards  he  attended  the  British-American  Commercial  College,  and  in  the 
year  1875  commenced  the  study  of  law.  He  was  articled  to  Mr.,  afterwards 
Judge  Rose.  In  1879  he  was  called  to  the  Bar,  and  for  some  time  was  in  part 
nership  with  Mr.  Rose.  Still  later  Mr.  Coats  worth  became  a  member  of  the  firm 
of  McMurray,  Coatsworth,  Hodgins  &  Company.  Mr.  Coatswortb,  married  in 
1883,  Miss  Helen  Robertson,  of  DeCew  Falls,  Ont.  In  1886  Mr.  Coatsworth  had 
the  degree  ®f  LL.B.  conferred  upon  him  by  the  University  of  Toronto,  in  recog 
nition  of  his  abilities  as  a  barrister.  Mr.  Coatsworth,  in  1891,  was  elected  by 
the  constituency  of  East  Toronto  as  one  of  its  representatives  in  the  Dominion 
House  of  Commons,  he  sitting  in  the  Conservative  interest.  In  the  year  1896 
Mr.  Coatsworth  sought  re-election,  but,  owing  to  the  stand  he  had  taken  on  the 
Separate  School  question,  a  large  portion  of  the  electorate  declined  to  give  him 
their  support,  and  although  he  conducted  his  contest  with  scrupulous  fairness 
and  moderation,  and  with  courtesy  towards  his  opponents,  he  was  defeated  by  a 
very  large  majority. 

Mr.  Coats  worth's  active  connection  with  Berkeley  St.  Church  dates  from  1870, 
when  he  became  a  Sunday  School  teacher,  afterwards  being  made  Assistant 
Superintendent,  and  still  later  Superintendent.  Mr.  Coatsworth  has  been 


an  attendant  all  through  his  life  at  Berkeley  St.  Church,  has  been  a 
member  of  the  Quarterly  Board,  and  is  now  Treasurer  of  the  Trust  Board  of 
the  Church. 

Of  John  W.  Bradley  a  correspondent  writes  :  "  To  all  lovers  of  music  gener 
ally,  and  of  vocal  music  in  particular,  the  very  name  Bradley  is  strikingly  famil 
iar,  even  beyond  the  limits  of  this  city  and  province."  So  far  as  the  subject  of 
this  sketch  is  concerned,  the  remark  just  quoted  is  perfectly  correct.  John  W. 
Bradley  was  born  at  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  England,  in  1841.  While  yet  a  mere 
child  his  parents  removed  to  London,  after  a  few  years  again  removing  to  the 
ancient  and  cathedral  city  of  Chester,  where  at  the  King's  School  Mr.  Bradley 
received  his  early  education.  In  1853  Mr.  Bradley 's  parents  came  to  Canada, 
and  John  W.  Bradley  was  sent  to  the  Model!  School,  Toronto.  After  being  there 
about  three  years  he  became  clerk  in  a  hardware  store  where  he  remained  for 
some  little  time,  and  then  entered  the  railway  service  of  the  country,  in  which 
work  he  has  continued  since.  Mr.  Bradley  married  Miss  Sarah  R.  Gray,  a  native 
Torontonian,  although  her  father,  Mr.  Gray,  was  an  Englishman,  and  after  com 
ing  to  this  country  was  for  many  years  Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Toronto  and 
Nipissing  R.R.  Mr.  Bradley,  like  Mr.  Edmonds,  is  an  active  worker  in  the  tem 
perance  cause  ;  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  A.  F.  and  A.  M.,  and  of  the  A.O.U.  W.; 
but  this  sketch  began  with  reference  to  music,  and  in  this  connection  Mrs.  Brad- 
ley's  name  must  now  be  alluded  to.  It  is  almost  unnecessary  to  say  that  she  is 
a  brilliant  musician,  of  whose  ability  all  her  friends  are  justly  proud.  She  is 
choir  directress  of  Berkeley  St.  Church  for  more  than  fifteen  years,  previously 
having  been  engaged  in  the  Metropolitan  Church  choir  for  a  long  season.  On 
leaving  the  Metropolitan  Church  she  was  presented  by  the  congregation  with  an 
illuminated  address  and  a  purse  of  gold.  Mrs.  Bradley  has  also  been  a  teacher 
of  vocal  music  at  the  Ladies'  College,  Whitby,  and  at  the  Toronto  Conservatory 
of  Music.  Miss  Bradley,  her  daughter,  made  her  debut  as  a  vocalist  on  Sunday 
evening,  Sept  12th,  1897,  at  Berkeley  St.  Church,  and  all  who  heard  her  were 
charmed  with  the  way  in  which  she  acquitted  herself.  A  son  of  this  family,  Mr. 
Bruce  Bradley,  is  also  well  known  as  a  tenor  singer. 

The  remaining  biographical  sketches  relating  to  Berkeley  Street  members  will 
be  found  fully  set  forth  at  the  end  of  the  volume. 

The   following  are  the  members  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  Berkeley  St. 

Church  (1899): 



Emerson  Coatsworth,  Edward  Galley,  Emerson,  Coatsworth,  Jr.,  Frank  Hil 
lock,  William  C.  Wilkinson,  W.  J.  Hambly,  William  Radcliffe,  Charles  E.  Ed 
monds,  Dr.  Jerrold  Ball,  Frank  A.  Bowden  and  S.  R.  Wickett;  Frank  Hillock  is 
the  Secretary  to  the  Board. 

[With  this  list  of  members  is  concluded  the  history  of  Berkeley  St.  Church.] 

Broad  way  Tabernacle.    (Opp.  p.  17 


The  Broadway  Tabernacle. 

EW  buildings  in  Toronto  are  so  well  known,  or  perhaps  it  will  be  wiser 
to  say  better  known,  than  the  Broadway  Tabernacle  on  the  north-east 
corner  of  Spadina  Avenue  and  College  Street. 

The  gerin  of  the  present  Broadway  Tabernacle  was  a  little  frame 
structure  at  the  corner  of  Spadina  Avenue  and  St.  Patrick  Street,  a  mis 
sion  of  the  New  Connexion  church  on  Temperance  Street.  When  the 
church  was  built  one  vast  unbroken  common  extended  from  Phoebe  Street  clear 
north  to  Bloor,  upon  which  the  military  drilled  and  the  small  boy  romped. 

Mr.  James  Broughton  has  given  many  interesting  particulars  relative  to  the 
Broadway  Church  and  from  his  information  much  of  this  account  has  been  com 

When  the  church  was  completed  it  was  constituted  part  of  the  Temperance 
Street  circuit,  worked  by  the  Rev.  David  Savage  and  a  young  probationer,  Rev. 
Mr.  Kershaw.  It  was  not  a  very  pretentious  structure.  The  contract  price  for 
its  entire  completion  was  but  $1,500.  Yet  it  was  quite  a  plucky  undertaking  for 
the  handful  of  people  upon  whom  devolved  the  responsibility  of  its  erection,  and 
had  they  not  been  endowed  with  a  supreme  faith  in  the  work  being  of  God, 
they  would  have  shrunk  from  the  task.  But  they  wavered  not.  Their  faith 
was  superior  to  every  difficulty,  and  "  they  builded  better  than  they  knew."  The 
furniture  of  the  little  edifice  was  plain  and  simple,  every  article  being  selected 
more  with  a  view  to  its  utility  than  to  its  beauty  or  ornament.  The  seats  were 
the  antiquated  long  wooden  benches,  so  familiar  to  those  of  us  who  have  enjoyed 
the  doubtful  luxury  of  worshipping  in  the  old-fashioned  country  church.  They 
were  not  upholstered.  You  did  not  observe  this  as  you  sat  down,  but  when  you 
rose  up  the  fact  had  unmistakably  communicated  itself  to  you.  The  manner  of 
making  these  benches  is  a  lost  art.  The  secret  must  have  died  with  the  inventor. 
It  required  a  master-hand  to  adjust  the  two  slats  which  formed  the  back,  the 
under  one  to  catch  the  average  youngster  right  under  the  ears,  the  lower  one  to 
press  vigorously  between  the  vertebra?  of  every  adult. 




There  were  the  usual  special  services  in  connection  with  the  opening,  the  first 
sermon  being  delivered  by  Rev.  David  Savage.  In  the  evening  the  pulpit  was 
occupied  by  the  late  Robert  Wilkes,  who  had  been  an  active  promoter  of  the  new 
cause.  The  present  Broadway  Tabernacle  stands  to-day  a  monument  of  his  zeal 
and  liberality.  Not  alone  did  he  contribute  to  the  erection  of  the  first  place  of 
worship.  He  watched  the  progress  of  the  new  cause  with  the  tenderest  solicitude, 
and  when  the  growth  of  the  congregation  seemed  to  warrant  a  larger  church,  and 
the  trustees  undertook  to  build  the  white  brick  building  since  pulled  down,  Mr. 
Wilkes'  ready  sympathy  and  substantial  aid  were  again  forthcoming.  He  went 
to  the  manager  of  one  of  the  banks  and  gave  instructions  to  advance  the  trustees 
whatever  money  they  required,  and  he  would  be  responsible.  Had  not  this  aid 
been  extended,  the  trustees  would  have  been  unable  to  proceed  with  the  second 
building,  and  the  splendid  temple  now  in  use  would  probably  never  have  been 

It  is  a  singular  coincidence  that  the  last  sermon  Mr.  Wilkes  delivered  was  in 
this  brick  church.  The  distressing  circumstances  of  his  untimely  death  are  well 
known.  A  short  time  afterwards,  whilst  he  and  his  family  were  visiting  at 
Sturgeon  Point,  he,  his  second  daughter,  Florence,  and  his  only  son,  Robert,  were 
drowned  in  sight  of  the  agonized  wife  and  mother. 

At  the  close  of  Mr.  Savage's  term,  the  Rev  S.  B.  Gundy  was  appointed  to  the 
Temperance  Street  circuit.  His  assistant  was  the  Rev.  Joshua  Kay.  At  Mr. 
Gundy's  death,  the  Rev.  William  Smyth  took  charge.  The  second  winter  of  his 
pastorate  witnessed  a  revival,  which  quickened  the  membership  and  added  a 
considerable  number  to  the  church  roll.  Mr.  Smyth  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev. 
James  F.  Metcalfe.  During  Mr.  Metcalfe's  pastorate  the  mission  grant  of  $300 
was  withdrawn  from  the  struggling  cause.  The  people,  though  startled,  were 
not  dismayed.  They  met  the  increased  responsibility  with  increased  liberality 
and  continued  to  thrive. 

At  this  time  the  membership  comprised  some  sixty  persons.  The  salary 
promised  the  pastor  was  $600,  and  as  the  total  receipts  from  all  sources,  and  for 
all  purposes,  amounted  to  about  eighty-three  dollars  per  quarter,  it  is  not  to  be 
wondered  at  that  there  was  some  misgivings  as  to  how  the  expenses  of  the  circuit 
were  to  be  met.  But  a  reference  to  the  church  records  of  the  time  shows  how  it 
was  done.  Some  of  the  officials,  none  of  whom  were  wealthy,  contributed  as 
much  as  fifty  dollars  when  a  deficiency  was  reported. 


During  Mr.  Metcalfe's  pastorate  the  union  of  the  Wesleyan  and  new  Con 
nexion  bodies  was  consummated.  This  brought  the  weak  young  church  too 
close  to  the  strong  Queen  Street  cause,  and  it  was  thought  wise  to  remove  farther 
"  up  town,"  though  at  that  time  the  new  site  was  far  out  in  the  country.  When 
the  building  was  drawn  out  from  the  St.  Patrick  Street  corner,  and  faced  north 
towards  College  Street,  the  surroundings  were  quite  different  from  what  they  are 
to-day.  Spadina  Ave.  was  not  then  the  finely  paved  thoroughfare  it  now  is ;  it 
was  in  much  the  condition  the  farmer  had  left  it  when  he  cut  up  his  farm  into 
town  lots — narrow,  irregular,  uneven — and  the  passage  up  street  was  a  rough  one. 
Neither  were  there  any  granolithic  pavements  in  those  days.  On  the  east  side 
of  the  street  there  was  no  sidewalk  whatever,  whilst  on  the  west  a  couple  of 
narrow  boards  laid  parallel  served  to  keep  the  feet  of  the  pedestrian  from  the 
deep  mud  on  either  hand. 

The  new  site  on  the  corner  of  Spadina  Ave.  and  College  Street  was  reached 
without  accident,  and  the  building  placed  in  almost  the  same  position  it  stood 
until  removed  a  few  years  ago. 

During  the  "  flitting,"  services  were  held  on  the,  corner  of  Lippincott  and 
College  Streets,  in  a  small  building  which  has  been  used  as  a  Bible  Christian 
mission.  Two  months  afterward  the  people  were  back  again  in  their  own  church. 
In  the  interval  it  had  been  freshly  kalsomined,  and  cunning  workmen  had  painted 
across  the  farther  end  the  wonderful  scroll  which  remains  to  this  day. 

From  this  time  the  church  grew  rapidly,  the  union  having  augmented  its 
forces  by  a  number  of  old  Wesleyans — Mr.  Price,  Mr.  Terry,  Mr.  Bawden,  Mr. 
Thompson,  and  others. 

The  parsonage  during  Mr.  Metcalfe's  pastorate  was  one  of  some  tall,  rough- cast 
residences  on  the  east  crescent  between  Division  and  Russel  Streets. 

Mr.  Metcalfe  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  J.  W.  Annis,  who  being  then  a  "  young 
man,"  could  only  remain  one  year.  At  the  last  meeting  of  the  Quarterly  Board 
previous  to  Mr.  Annis'  removal,  which  was  in  June  of  1878,  the  membership  was 
reported  as  116.  During  the  year,  thirteen  had  removed,  two  had  died,  and  there 
had  been  received  from  other  churches  by  letter  twenty-six.  The  superintendent 
of  the  Sunday-school,  Mr.  E.  Terry,  reported  that  the  teachers  and  officers  num 
bered  seventeen,  "  all  members  of  the  church."  There  were  in  the  infant  class, 
forty-five;  in  the  main  school,  seventy-seven ;  and  in  the  Bible  class,  twenty 



scholars     The  average  attendance  was  ninety-five,  and  the  total  on  the   roll 
was  142. 

At  this  time  the  library  contained  380  volumes,  and  fifty  copies  of  the  Sunday 
School  Advocate  were  taken  by  the  school. 

Mr.  Annis  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  Coverdale  Watson,  now  in  the  British 
Columbia  Conference.  The  membership  continuing  to  increase,  the  officials 
thought  themselves  justified  in  proceeding  to  build  a  new  and  larger  place  of 
worship.  This  decision  resulted  in  the  erection  of  the  white  brick  church,  which 
has  since  given  place  to  the  new  and  imposing  edifice  whose  noble  proportions 
excite  such  universal  admiration. 

After  the  completion  of  the  new  church,  the  old  building  continued  to  be  used 
by  the  Sunday-school  and  for  the  social  meetings;  and  whilst  the  present 
structure  was  in  course  of  erection,  it  was,  when  a  large  temporary  addition  had 
been  made  to  it,  again  occupied  by  the  congregation  for  the  regular  services. 

It  was  July  of  the  year  1878  that  the  Rev.  Coverdate  Watson  was  placed  in 
charge  of  the  Spadina  Avenue  Methodist  Church,  succeeding  the  Rev.  J.  W. 
Annis.  At  this  time  the  congregation  was  still  worshipping  in  the  original 
little  frame  structure. 

The  first  reference  in  the  official  documents  looking  towards  the  erection  of  a 
larger  place  of  worship  occurs  in  the  minutes  of  the  Quarterly  Board,  under 
date  of  August  30th,  1878,  when,  according  to  the  chuonicles  of  the  time  "a 
conversation  ensued  as  to  building  a  new  churcK,"  and  subsequently  a  committee 
was  appointed  to  inquire  as  to  plans  and  cost. 

The  committee  was  relieved  of  the  arduous  task  of  deciding  upon  a  location 
for  the  new  building,  as  the  site,  it  will  be  remembered,  had  already  been 
chosen,  the  little  church,  when  removed  from  the  corner  of  Spadina  Avenue  and 
St.  Patrick  St.,  having  been  placed  on  the  rear  of  the  lot,  tke  trustees  having 
then  in  view  the  possible  early  requirement  of  a  larger  and  more  modern 
structure.  This  lot,  purchased  some  few  years  before,  cost  the  Board  $37.50 
per  foot,  College  St.  frontage. 

Previous  to  Mr.  Watson's  coming  to  the  circuit  there  had  not  been  muck  talk 
of  a  new  church,  but  the  new  pastor's  intense  activity,  and  forceful  and  eloquent 
preaching,  so  increased  the  attendance  that  the  old  building  was  soon  rendered 
inadequate  and  a  new  chureh  became  a  necessity.  Many  and  anxious  were  the 


discussions  as  to  ways  and  means.  The  membership  was  still  under  two  hun 
dred,  and  the  material  wealth  of  the  congregation  easily  estimated. 

However,  after  fully  considering  the  matter,  it  was  decided  that  a  new  church 
should  be  built,  and  in  the  spring  of  1879  work  was  begun. 

Just  at  this  time  an  incident  occurred  which  showed  that  a  special  Providence 
was  watching  over  the  enterprise.  Aftes  the  union  of  the  Wesleyan  and  New 
Connexion  bodies,  the  old  Temperance  St.  Church  was  not  required,  so  the 
authorities  decided  to  sell  the  property  and  hand  over  the  proceeds,  less  what 
was  necessary  for  the  settlement  of  all  claims,  to  the  new  cause  in  the  west  end. 

Hence,  one  fine  morning,  Mr.  John  Price,  then  Treasurer  of  the  Trust  Board, 
found  himself  in  possession  of  $5,095.85,  as  a  result  of  the  sale.  Here  was  an 
unexpected  assistance — a  very  substantial  nucleus  for  a  building  fund — and 
expressions  of  thankfulness  and  mutual  congratulations  were  freely  indulged 

The  work  of  building  was  now  pushed  forward  vigorously,  but  time  and  again 
would  operations  have  ceased  had  it  not  been  for  the  sage  advice  and  practical 
aid  extended  by  the  late  Robert  Wilkes.  The  lively  interest  he  had  taken  in 
the  establishment  of  the  struggling  mission  (an  interest  which  prompted  him  to 
contribute  persona] ly.  for  some  time,  $8.00  a  week  in  its  behalf )  still  continued, 
and  the  proposal  to  enlarge  the  borders  of  Spadina  Church  had  his  full 

The  corner  stone  of  the  new  structure  was  laid  by  Mrs.  Wilkes,  both  she  and 
her  husband  contributing  handsomely  towards  the  building  fund.  Building 
operations  proceeded  during  the  summer  of  79,  and  on  Sunday,  21st  of  March, 
1880,  dedicatory  sermons  were  preached. 

The  new  building  had  cost  about  $16,000,  and  at  the  time  of  opening  a  debt 
existed  of  some  $11,000.  At  the  usual  social  service  on  the  following  Monday 
evening  this  was  reduced  by  subscriptions  amounting  to  $3,000. 

After  the  opening  of  the  new  church  the  congregation  and  membership  in 
creased  rapidly,  and  at  the  close  of  Mr.  Watson's  pastorate  a  roll  of  300  members 
was  turned  over  to  his  successor,  the  Rev.  J.  H.  Locke,  and  Mr.  Locke  character 
ized  this  return  of  members  as  the  most  correct  he  had  ever  seen. 

In  June,  1880,  Mr.  Watson  was  transferred  to  the  British  Columbia  Confer 
ence,  where  he  was  made  Chairman  of  a  district  over  the  heads  of  many  older 

182  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

and  experienced  men,  his  great  executive  ability  having  recommended  itself  to 
the  Conference.  His  pastorate  at  Spadina  was  a  most  successful  one,  and  he 
left  for  his  new  field  followed  by  the  loving  prayers  of  all  to  whom  he  had 
ministered.  Mr.  Watson  especially  excelled  as  a  pastor,  having,  as  a  house-to- 
house  visitor,  few  equals.  And  yet  his  activity  in  this  direction  was  not  per 
mitted  to  impair  his  efficiency  as  a  preacher.  He  was  always  impressive  in  the 
pulpit,  appealing  affectionately  and  tenderly  to  the  consciences  of  his  hearers, 
and  a  divine  blessing  seemed  always  to  accompany  his  words. 

Mr.  Watson's  self-sacrificing  spirit,  too,  was  remarkable.  A  circumstance  is 
recalled  which  shows  this.  When  the  second  church  was  completed,  and  the 
duties  and  responsibilities  of  the  pastor  had  greatly  increased,  the  Board  pro 
posed  to  advance  his  salary.  The  proposal,  however,  was  strenuously  opposed 
by  the  pastor  himself,  who  declared  that  the  income  would  not  warrant  such 

Undoubtedly  the  hand  of  God  was  seen  in  the  choice  of  a  successor  to  Mr. 
Watson.  Mr.  Watson's  term  had  not  been  marked  by  any  special  revival  in 
gathering,  but  the  seed  of  the  word  had  been  carefully  and  prayerfully  sown, 
and  in  the  Rev.  J.  H.  Locke  was  found  a  preacher  and  pastor  eminently  qualified 
to  reap  the  field  "already  white  to  harvest,"  and  not  for  long  did  he  postpone 
the  reaping.  Early  in  his  pastorate  he  put  in  the  sickle  and  a  glorious  harvest 
was  the  result.  The  revival  under  Mr.  Locke,  which  is  still  frequently  referred 
to,  was  a  most  gracious  ingathering,  and  many  of  those  who  are  to-day  most 
active  in  Church  and  Sunday-school  work  were  then  first  awakened  to  the 
claims  of  God  upon  the  homage  of  their  lives.  During  the  first  year  of  Mr. 
Locke's  pastorate  the  membership  of  the  church  was  doubled. 

Mr.  Locke  remained  in  this  charge  for  the  full  pastoral  term,  and  was  suc 
ceeded  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  Griffith.  Under  Mr.  Griffith  the  congregation  and 
membership  continued  to  increase,  and  much  regret  was  felt  and  expressed  when 
he  announced  his  intention  to  accept  a  call  to  Philadelphia,  asking  to  be  relieved 
before  his  time  expired.  Reluctantly  the  Board  consented,  and  the  Conference 
appointed  the  Rev.  S.  C.  Philp,  jr.,  to  fill  in  the  remaining  part  of  the  ecclesias 
tical  year. 

As  early  as  1886,  only  about  six  years  after  its  completion,  there  were  frequent 
expressions  as  to  the  necessity  of  eifcher  enlarging  this  second  church  or  of 


building-  a  new  one.  The  rapid  growth  of  this  part  of  the  city,  and  the  con 
stantly  growing  congregation,  seemed  to  call  for  some  action,  and  one  Sunday 
morning  Mr.  Griffith  asked  for  a  special  offering  for  this  purpose.  A  remarkable 
contribution  was  the  result,  some  $3,000  in  cash  having  been  placed  upon 
the  plates. 

No  definite  action,  however,  was  taken  until  after  the  appointment  in  June, 
1887,  of  the  Rev.  W.  R.  Parker,  D.D.  With  Dr.  Parker's  advent,  the  project  of 
a  new  church  was  revived,  and  after  frequent  meetings  and  protracted  discussions 
the  trustees  decided  to  take  down  the  second  church  to  make  room  for  a  larger 
and  more  modern  buildirg. 

This  decision  was  naturally  not  reached  without  opposition.  There  were 
those  who  had  made  great  sacrifices  of  time  and  means  to  secure  their  then  place 
of  worship,  and  to  have  it  demolished  after  a  brief  seven  years  of  service,  was  to 
them  nothing  short  of  sacrilege,  and  we  can  respect  the  feelings  of  those  who 
thought  thus.  But  necessity  knows  no  sentiment,  and  the  ruthless  hand  of  the 
destroyer  stayed  not  until  every  vestige  of  the  "  second  church  "  had  disappeared. 

The  well-known  architect,  Mr.  E.  J.  Lennox,  was  instructed  to  draw  the  plans 
for  the  new  edifice,  which  were  approved  of  by  the  Board.  Tenders  were  at 
once  called  for.  The  contract  for  the  brick  work  was  secured  by  Charles 
Mitchell ;  Moyer  &  McCall  did  the  carpenter's  work  and  R.  T.  Brown  received 
the  order  for  the  plastering. 

Building  operations  were  commenced  in  the  fall  of  1887  and  the  dedicatory 
services  were  held  in  the  spring  of  1889.  Senator  Cox  performed  the  ceremony 
of  laying  the  corner-stone.  During  the  time  of  the  erection  of  the  new  church, 
the  congregation  worshipped  in  a  temporary  wooden  building  in  the  rear  of  the 
church  site. 

The  new  building  was  duly  completed.  It  is  a  massive  structure  situate  on 
the  north-east  corner  at  the  intersection  of  Spadina  Avenue  and  College  Street. 
This  location  upon  a  rising  eminence,  where  the  increasing  traffic  of  College 


Street,  the  city's  northern  artery,  is  lost  in  the  spacious  breadth  of  that  magnifi 
cent  thoroughfare,  Spadina  Avenue,  is  perhaps  unequalled  in  Toronto.  The 
building  is  a  handsome  structure,  designed  in  modern  Romanesque,  and  presents 
an  appearance  of  dignity  and  solidity.  Though  built  almost  wholly  of  brick,  it 
has  been  given  an  uncommon  appearance  by  the  skilful  use  of  cut  bricks  and 

184  THE   HISTORY    OF    THE 

reliefs  of  Cleveland  free  stone.  The  fact  that  it  is  a  basement  church  could 
never  be  guessed  from  the  outside.  The  building  has  a  frontage  on  College 
Street  of  95  feet,  on  Spadina  Avenue  of  100  feet,  and  will  seat  1,800  people. 
The  most  striking  feature  is  the  main  tower,  that  rises  from  the  streetward 
corner  to  a  height  of  130  feet.  It  is  emphatically  a  tower,  and  not  a  spire, 
though,  for  all  that,  it  is  of  graceful  and  symmetrical  proportions.  A  belfry 
surmounts  it,  made  in  the  form  of  a  colonnade  of  brick  columns,  and  over  this  is 
a  pointed  roof,  tastefully  tiled.  Two  other  towers  mark  the  extreme  corners  of 
the  edifice,  and,  between  these  jutting  towers,  the  sides  of  the  church  are  largely 
occupied  by  beautiful  gables,  filled  in  with  heavy  mullioned  windows,  and  well 
relieved  with  diapers  and  string  mouldings.  Other  portions  of  the  building  are 
carried  out  in  keeping  with  these  main  features,  but  in  a  quieter  manner. 
The  main  public  entrances  are  through  the  southern  towers,  while  four  roomy 
staircases  lead  to  the  gallery.  The  audience  room  of  the  church  is  in  the  form 
of  an  amphitheatre,  eminently  calculated  to  place  every  pew  within  voice  and 
eye  range  of  the  pulpit.  The  chancel  is  of  the  usual  style,  and  provides  a  place 
for  the  choir,  behind  the  clergyman  and  in  front  of  the  large  organ — one  of  the 
best  of  Warren's  make. 

The  interior  over  the  nave  takes  the  form  of  an  octagon  dome,  at  each  angle 

O  *  c? 

of  which  massive  columns  rise  from  the  floor   through  the  gallery  to  the  roof, 
supporting  .both.     Heavy  enriched  arches  stretch  from  column  to  column  above 
the  gallery,  and  in  the  interior  of  the  dome  the  walls  rise   up  perpendicularly, 
ornamented  with  delicate  and  beautiful  corners  and  frieze  work. 
The  original  Trustee  Board  was  composed  of: 

William  E.  Southgate,  Secretary.  A.  Thompson. 

William  Calvert.  Miles  Vokes. 

John  Douglas.  M.  W.  S.  Dingman. 

J.  L.  Hughes.  H.  C.  Salmon. 

W.  H.  Carrick.  F.  W.  Winter. 

I.  J.  Death.  W.  F.  Mountain. 

James  Broughton.  W.  R  Steward,  Treasurer. 

S.  E.  Harris. 

The  first  class  leaders  were  John  Price,  Andrew  Thompson,  John  Douglas, 
Mrs.  Calvert  and  William  Calvert.  Mr.  Shannon,  now  of  the  Parkdale  Church, 
officiated  as  first  choir  leader  and  organist. 


J.  L.  Hughes,  the  school  inspector,  for  many  years  was  Superintendent  of  the 
Sunday  School.  He  was  succeeded  for  a  short  time  by  H.  C.  Salmon,  after  whom 
N.  F.  Caswell  followed  and  has  now  occupied  the  position  for  some  five  years. 
His  assistant  is  Mr.  Hunt. 

The  Sunday  School  is  in  a  flourishing  condition,  with  an  attendance  of  some 
600  to  700  scholars. 

The  Rev.  Dr.  Parker  having  filled  his  term  of  three  years,  was  succeeded  by 
Rev.  Dr.  Philp,  a  faithful  pastor. 

Then  Rev.  J.  C.  Speer  occupied  the  pulpit,  and  so  great  was  the  regard  in 
which  he  was  universally  held  that  for  four  years  he  occupied  the  pastorate. 

In  giving  a  history  of  Broadway  Tabernacle  it  would  not  be  right  to  omit  a 
reference  to  the  trying  circumstances  through  which  the  church  passed  in  the 
years  1897-98. 

On  January  1st,  1897,  there  was  a  debt  on  the  Church  property  of  more  than 
$75,000,  and  for  a  long  period  subsequent  to  the  date  just  mentioned  the  trustees 
of  the  Tabernacle  were  perplexed  as  to  the  ways  and  means  they  could  devise  to 
meet  the  interest  on  this  large  sum  and  also  reduce  the  principal.  The  fairest 
manner  of  recounting  how  this  trouble  was  overcome  will  be  to  publish  word  for 
word  the  Rev.  J.  Odery's  address  to  his  people,  dated  April  30th,  1899.  It  was 
as  follows  : 

"  It  is  with  profound  thankfulness  to  Almighty  God  that  we  present  to  you  our 
annual  report  for  the  year  ending  April  30,  1899. 

The  past  year  has  been  the  most  eventful  year  of  our  Church  history.  Its  clear 
blue  was  beclouded  by  many  doubts  and  fears  and  misgivings.  The  financial 
burden  had  become  intolerable ;  brave  hearts  trembled  for  the  ark  of  the  Lord. 
But  the  darkest  hour  proved  but  the  prelude  to  the  coming  dawn  ;  for,  by  the 
blessing  of  God  and  the  tireless  efforts  of  our  faithful  officials,  by  the  generous 
gifts  of  the  congregation  and  the  liberality  of  our  friends,  the  crisis  is  overpast. 
Our  debt  has  been  reduced  from  $75,000  to  $46,500.  But  our  debt  is  still  large, 
and  it  will  require  the  continued  liberality  of  all  our  friends,  and  the  prompt  dis 
charge  of  every  financial  obligation,  to  meet  all  the  requirements  of  the  Church. 

It  is  pleasing  to  know  that  the  lightening  of  our  burden  has  sent  the  throb  of 
new  life  through  all  the  departments  of  our  Church  work.     The  social  means  of 
grace  have  been  deeply  spiritual,  enthusiastic  and  helpful. 



Our  faithful  superintendents,  with  their  devoted  staff,  have  brought  our  Sab 
bath  School  to  a  high  state  of  proficiency,  and  have  gathered  a  rare  harvest  of 
young  souls  for  the  Master's  kingdom. 

The  Epworth  League  has  won  an  enviable  record.  By  its  growing  spiritu 
ality  and  earnest  efforts  it  has  proved  an  invaluable  help  in  the  progress  of  the 

The  inauguration  of  the  Boys'  Brigade  is  a  new  feature  in  our  Church  work, 
but  under  the  guidance  of  its  enthusiastic  officers  it  has  done  much  to  improve 
the  physical  manhood  and  the  spiritual  welfare  of  its  young  soldiers. 

It  would  be  ungrateful  not  to  put  on  record  the  cheerful  service,  the  hearty 
co-operation,  the  kindly  solicitude,  which  the  officers  and  members  of  the  Church 
have  accorded  to  their  pastor  in  all  the  workings  of  the  Church.  If  we  but  enter 
this  new  year  with  renewed  consecration  to  God,  with  increased  fidelity  to  the 
social  means  of  grace,  with  unfaltering  faith  in  the  Divine  Word,  the  future  of 
Broadway  Tabernacle  is  big  with  promise.  May  the  old-time  blessing  be  the 
portion  of  all  those  who  foregather  within  the  Church  we  love  : 

'  The  Lord  bless  thee  and  keep  thee.  The  Lord  make  His  face  to  shine  upon  thee 
and  be  gracious  unto  thee.  The  Lord  lift  up  His  countenance  upon  thee  and  give 
thee  peace.' 

JOSEPH  ODERT,  Pastor." 

So  as  to  make  this  matter  perfectly  clear  and  leave  no  room  for  doubt  or  cause 
for  faultfinding  on  the  part  of  those  who  are  always  ready  to  rejoice  at  the 
troubles  of  any  Church,  be  it  Methodist,  Anglican,  Presbyterian  or  Romanist,  the 
full  accounts  of  Broadway  Tabernacle  for  1898  are  herewith  appended : 


FOR  YEAR  ENDING  APRIL  30™,  1899. 

Collections,  loose     $2,051  35 

"  envelope     3,159  46 

$5,210  81 

Pew  Rent   2,425  72 

Building  Fund   145  00 

Interest   203  59 

Choir    28  00 

Special  Freewill  Offering     13,500  00 

Freewill  Offering,  old   2  00 

$21,515  12 

Missionary  Fund     $979  77 

Educational  Fund 94  00 

Superannuation  Fund    99  65 

Union  Church  Relief  Fund    ..       3  15 

Contingent  Fund 11038 

S.  S.  Aid  Fund   10  00 

Sustentation  Fund 6  00 

Union  Church  Relief  . .  4  60 

Sunday  School  Anniversary  Collections 

Ladies'  Aid  Loan   

Deaconess  Aid  Society 

1,307  55 

93  48 

122  37 

9  02 

Balance  from  May  1st,  1898 

123,047  54 
997  72 

$24,045  26 




Salaries    $2,500  00 

Rent    (Parsonage) 275  00 






Bell  Telephone  Co . 


Pulpit  Supply   . . . 
Organ  Repairs   . . . 

Legal  Expenses 



Bills  payable $  1,100  00 

Star  Life  Co 13,500  00 

155  70 
179  87 
97  00 
16  80 
211  50 
25  00 
24  20 
28  00 
19  35 

$3,532  42 

501  57 

1,644  72 

175  00 

Ladies'  Aid  Loan 

Deaconess  Aid  Society 

S.  S.  Anniversary 

Missionary  Fund $1,070  13 

Educational  Fund 95  00 

Superannuation  Fund 190  00 

Union  Church   Relief  Fund. .  .         1031 

Contingent  Fund 66  55 

S.  S.  Aid  Fund 15  00 

Sustentation  Fund .          13  01 

General  Conference  Fund. ...         13  20 

14,600  00 
122  37 
9  02 
93  48 

Epworth  League    

Special  Freewill  Offering 


1,473  20 
13  00 
85  14 

$22,249  92 
.     1,795  34 

524,045  26 


To  Amount  paid  Star  Life  Co $13,500  00 

"  Note  maturing 

' '  Building  Fund 

"  Balance  on  hand  per  bank  book. 

125  00 
60  00 
25  35 

3,710  35 

By  Amount  per  printed  Statement. .   $13,691  84 

"    Albert  Blackman 4  08 

"    A.  Saunders 4  08 

"    Interest     1025 

"    Extra  amount  in  Treasury 10 

$13,710  35 


Star  Life  Co $46,500  00 

Accrued  Interest  to  April  30th 775  00 

$47,275  00 

Balance  on  hand  per  Church 

C.  B $1,795  34 

Balance  on  hand  per  Free 
will  Offering  C.  B 25  35 

Less  Cash  on  hand 

1,820  69 

Total  Liabilities .$45,454  31 

Audited  and  found  correct. 

W.  J.  WHARIN, 



Church  Treasurer. 

The  preceding  figures  speak  for  themselves,  and  from  them  can  be  learned  the 
exact  position  from  a  financial  point  of  view  occupied  by  the  Trustees  of  Broad 
way  Tabernacle. 

The  ministers  of  the  Church,  first  known  as  Spadina  Avenue  and  subsequently 
as  Broadway  Tabernacle,  have  been  these : 

1874-75 William  Smyth. 

1876   James  F.  Metcalfe. 

1877    Jeremiah  W.  Annis. 

1878-79-80 Coverdale  Watson. 

1881-82-83 J.  H.  Locke. 

1884-85-86 Thomas  Griffith,  S.C.  Philp. 

1887-88-89 .  .  .  . .  W.  R.  Parker,  D.D. 



1890-91-92 John  Philp,  M.A. 

1893-94-95-96    J.  C.  Speer. 

1897-98-99..  Joseph  Odery. 

The  members  of  the  Trust  Board  of  the  Broadway  Methodist  Tabernacle  on 
April  3()th,  1899,  were  these  : 

F.  W.  Winter,  J.  N.  McKendry,  E.  J.  Partridge,  G.  L.  Wilson,  H.  Sherris,  W. 
H.  Gilpin,  H.  C.  Salmon,  Frank  Denton,  R.  T.  Brown,  Thomas  Milburn,  W.  E. 
Southgate,  Miles  Yokes,  Secretary ;  N.  F.  Caswell,  J.  L.  Hughes. 

The  Quarterly  Board  consisted,  at  the  same  date,  of  the  following  Stewards : 

C.  Hambly,  F.  W.  Winter.  Recording  Steward  ;  T.  Milburn,  G.  L.  Wilson, 
Assistant  Recording  Steward ;  Miles  Yokes,  W.  H.  Meredith,  H.  Sherris,  Poor 
Fund  Steward. 

The  local  preachers  in  1899  were: 

A.  Maguire,  J.  L.  Hughes,  G.  L.  Wilson,  Dr.  A.  M.  Scott,  A.  Chard. 

The  Finance  Committee,  consisting  of  the  Trust  Board  representatives,  was  thus 
constituted : 

M.  Yokes,  F.  W.  Winter,  H.  Sherris,  Frank  Denton,  R.  T.  Brown,  Chairman ; 
H.  C.  Salmon,  Treasurer. 

The  "  notes  "  at  the  end  of  this  volume  will  be  found  to  contain  further  informa 
tion  relative  to  individual  members  of  this  church.  So  far  as  practicable  an 
accurate  history  of  the  inception,  rise  and  progress  of  this  well-known  centre  of 
Methodism  has  been  given  in  the  preceding  pages,  and  where  any  mistakes  are 
made  the  indulgence  of  the  reader  is  entreated. 


Sherbourne   Street   Church. 

HER  BOURNE  Street  Methodist  Church  has  two  chief  characteristics. 
The  congregation  is  one  of  the  largest  in  the  city,  and  the  building 
in  which  they  worship  is  one  of  the  handsomest  belonging  to  the 
Methodist  Church  in  the  Dominion  of  Canada. 

Where  the  present  magnificent  building  now  stands  there  was  at  first 
a  plain  but  pretty  Gothic  church,  seating  some  five  hundred  people.  This 
was  enlarged  in  1876  so  that  the  structure  then  measured  101  by  66  feet.  At  the 
same  time  the  present  school-room  to  the  east  of  the  existing  church,  with  its  con 
necting  hall  and  school-rooms,  was  built. 

So  rapidly  wap  !<e  congregation  growing  that  even  this  enlarged  edifice  was 
not  sufficiently  capacious  to  meet  its  requirements,  consequently  the  present 
building  was  erected,  the  old  one  being  taken  down.  The  church,  as  it  now 
stands,  is  114  feet  long  and  87  feet  wide  in  the  auditorium ;  the  eastern  part, 
which  is  27  feet  in  width,  is  occupied  as  a  vestry,  library  and  Bible-class  room. 
The  infant  class  and  committee  rooms,  all  of  which  have  communication  into  the 
main  school-room,  are  still  further  to  the  east.  The  rear  building  also  includes 
the  organ  and  choir  recess,  the  latter  being  32  feet  wide,  spanned  by  a  semi 
circular  arch,  and  room  is  thus  afforded  for  a  large  organ  and  a  choir  of  sixty 

A  few  years  after  the  erection  of  the  present  Sherbourne  Street  Church  a 
writer  of  the  time  thus  describes  it  : 

"  Almost  every  church  has  some  distinctive  peculiarity  that  gives  it  an  indi 
vidual  entity,  by  which  it  stands  forth  in  a  character  entirely  its  own.  This  in 
dividuality  in  the  case  of  the  Sherbourne  Street  Church  is  the  immense  clear  span 
of  the  auditorium,  measuring  75  feet,  and  43  feet  high  in  the  centre.  Being  free 
from  pillars,  there  is  no  obstruction  to  a  perfect  view  of  the  pulpit  from  all  parts 
of  the  room.  The  ceiling  is  of  elliptical  form  with  moulded  ribs  and  foliated 
bosses  in  plaster.  The  walls  are  prettily  tinted  a  light  terra  cotta,  with  the  ribs 
of  a  darker  shade,  and  the  ceiling  a  light  creamy  salmon  tint.  Large  stained 


190  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

glass  windows  abundantly  light  the  room,  while  chastely-wrought  antique  brass 
gasaliers  afford  brilliant  illumination  at  night.  These  gas  fittings  were  procured 
in  New  York,  and  are  of  the  most  beautiful  design,  the  pendants  being  especially 
graceful  as  they  hang  from  the  ornamental  bosses. 

"The  auditorium  proper  measures  75x79  feet,  with  transepts  projecting  four 
feet  on  each  side.  The  arrangement  is  amphitheatral,  the  floor  gently  declining 
to  the  pulpit  platform.  The  latter  is  panelled  in  ash,  the  same  wood  being  used 
in  finishing  the  room  and  the  vestibule.  The  gallery  is  of  horseshoe  form,  but 
occupies  only  the  west  end  of  a  small  portion  of  the  sides  of  the  building,  thus 
leaving  the  large  part  of  the  room  entirely  free  and  unobstructed.  The  only  ob 
jection  noticed  by  the  report  is  the  narrowness  of  the  gallery  stairways.  Should 
any  panic  occur,  they  would  undoubtedly  fail  to  grant  egress  to  the  number  of 
people  the  gallery  can  contain.  It  is  supported  by  five  slender  iron  pillars,  and 
has  a  rich  iron  front,  decorated  in  bronze.  Every  part  of  the  church  is  carpeted 
with  Brussels,  in  green  and  gold  shades. 

"  Another  novel  arrangement  is  the  seating.  There  are  no  pews  in  the  room, 
but  mahogany -tinted  folding  chairs  are  ranged  in  such  a  way  as  to  give  ample 
and  comfortable  seating  accommodation.  Twelve  hundred  persons  can  be  accom 
modated  by  these,  and  two  or  three  hundred  more  with  camp-stools.  Then,  parti 
cular  attention  has  been  given  to  heating  and  ventilation.  Four  large  furnaces  are 
used,  the  smoke  pipes  from  which  rarefy  the  air  in  large  brick  extract  shafts  into 
which  are  carried  ducts  connected  with  numerous  gratings  in  or  near  the  floors. 
These  are  supplemented  by  two  tiled  and  brick  recesses  on  either  side  of  the  ros 
trum  which  open  into  the  above-mentioned  shafts.  Gas  logs  are  placed  in  these 
recesses  by  which  the  outflowing  current  can  be  accelerated. 

"  The  basement  is  fitted  up  with  a  large  kitchen  and  other  conveniences,  and 
the  portion  under  the  auditorium  can  be  used  as  a  tea  or  lunch  room.  The  entire 
cost  of  the  building  was  $40.000." 

The  architects  were  Messrs.  Langley  &  Burke. 

The  first  inception  of  Sherbourne  Street  Church  was  owing  to  the  exertions  of 
some  of  the  members  of  Elm  Street,  who  lived  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  city,  and 
conceived  the  design  of  building  a  new  church  for  their  own  convenience  in  the 
first  place,  and  in  the  second  because  that  particular  section  of  the  city  afforded 
a  fertile  field.  A  committee  was  appointed  by  the  Elm  Street  Church  Board  to 


procure  a  site,  and  the  consequence  was  that  the  lot  on  the  south-east  corner  of 
Sherbourne  and  Carlton  Streets  was  unanimously  chosen.  As  has  been  stated 
in  the  early  part  of  this  article,  a  church  was  erected  in  1872.  That  soon  became 
too  small  and  had  to  be  enlarged,  but  the  enlarged  building  was  also  soon  found 
to  be  too  small,  and  the  present  church  was  erected. 

Perhaps  it  will  be  as  well  if,  in  speaking  of  and  describing  Sherbourne  Street 
Church,  the  account  given  by  the  authorities  of  that  congregation  is  quoted,  or 
at  least  a  portion  of  it.  It  runs  thus  : 

The  church  originally  built  on  the  site  of  the  present  edifice  was  a  plain  gothic 
structure  of  brick,  54  by  75  feet,  with  front  porch  built  upon  a  very  heavy  but 
tressed  foundation,  with  a  view  to  its  serving  as  the  base  for  a  tower.  The  side 
walls  were  buttressed  and  contained  five  gothic  windows.  The  interior  was 
severely  plain — a  gallery  crossed  the  west  end  and  was  for  the  most  part  unoc 
cupied,  except  by  the  choir ;  the  ground  floor  afforded  accommodation  for  about 
300.  It  was  dedicated  March  24th,  1872,  by  the  Rev.  Wm.  Morley  Punshon,  D.D. 

The  enlargement  was  completed  25th  of  April,  1876,  and  reopening  services 
were  conducted  by  Rev.  B.  I.  Ives,  D.D.,  of  Auburn,  N.Y.  The  enlargement  con 
sisted  of  an  addition  of  twenty-six  feet  to  the  church  proper,  of  which  twenty  feet 
was  in  the  shape  of  an  octagon  transept,  widening  the  church  at  the  pulpit  end 
to  sixty-six  feet.  These  transepts  were  groined  and  enriched  by  mouldings  and 
bosses.  A  curved  ceiling,  finishing  with  a  neat  arch  around  the  head  of  each 
window,  replaced  the  former  plain  one,  and  the  walls  were  colored  to  correspond 
with  the  new  part.  The  present  school,  hall  and  class  rooms  to  south  of  same 
were  added  at  this  time. 

The  new  building  is  in  the  Romanesque  style  of  architecture,  freely  treated  to 
suit  modern  requirements,  and  is  built  of  grey  Credit  Valley  stone,  with  dress 
ings  of  brown  stone  from  the  same  quarries.  The  effect  is  harmonious  and  artis 
tic,  the  colors  being  just  sufficient  in  contrast  to  be  bright  and  pleasing  to  the 

The  new  portion  is  114  feet  long  by  87  feet  wide,  extreme  dimensions,  the 
easterly  27  feet,  adjoining  the  old  school  room,  being  occupied  by  a  vestry,  library, 
two  Bible  class  rooms,  committee  and  infant  class  rooms.  The  latter  room  com 
municates  with  the  main  school  by  folding  doors. 

The  organ  and  choir  recess  is  also  located  in  the  rear  building,  thus  occupying 



no  space  in  the  auditorium ;  it  is  32  feet  wide  and  spanned  by  a  bold  semi-circular 
arch,  giving  space  for  a  large  organ  and  a  choir  of  fifty-six  voices. 

The  auditorium  is  75  feet  wide  (the  transept  82  feet)  in  one  clear  span  (the 
first  of  such  width  in  Toronto),  with  a  ceiling  43  feet  high  at  the  apex.  The 
walls  are  broken  by  shallow  transepts  on  either  side.  The  ceiling  is  of  elliptic 
form  with  moulded  ribs  and  foliated  bosses  in  plaster.  The  walls  are  tinted  a 
light  terra  cotta,  the  ribs  a  darker  shade  of  the  same,  and  the  ceiling  a  light  creamy 
salmon  tint. 

The  gallery  is  of  horseshoe  form,  but  occupies  only  the  west  end  and  a  small 
portion  of  the  sides  of  the  building,  leaving  the  north  and  south  transepts  entirely 
free  and  unobstructed. 

The  Board  of  Trustees  of  Sherbourne  Street  Church  is  composed  of  the  follow 
ing  members : 

Richard  Brown,  John  N.  Lake,  John  Hillock,  J.  W.  Henderson,  W.  Sterling,  R. 
Wickens,  George  A.  Cox,  A.  E.  Kemp,  J.  D.  Ivey,  A.  E.  Ames,  Secretary,  and  H. 
H.  Fudger,  Treasurer. 

Until  the  year  1878  the  names  of  the  clergy  who  officiated  at  Sherbourne 
Street  are  to  be  found  in  the  list  of  those  who  filled  the  Elm  Street  pulpit.  In 
the  year  just  named,  though,  Sherbourne  Street  became  a  separate  charge  and 
the  ministers  since  then  have  been  these  : 

1878,  Thomas  W.  Jeffrey. 

1879,  '80,  '81,  John  B.  Clarkson,  M.A. 
1882,  '83,  '84,  Samuel  J.  Hunter. 
1885,  '86,  '87,  S.  J.  Shorey. 

1888,  '89,  '90,  E.  A.  Stafford,  M.A.,  LL.B. 
1891,  '92,  '93,  Thomas  Manning. 
1894,  '95,  '96,  James  Henderson,  D.D. 

1897,  R.  P.  Bowles. 

1898,  '99,  James  Allen. 

There  being  a  considerable  debt  on  the  Sherbourne  Street  Church,  though  there 
is  no  cause  for  anxiety  as  to  the  welfare  of  the  congregation  in  the  present,  nor 
doubts  as  regards  their  future,  it  has  been  deemed  expedient  in  writing  this 
history  to,  as  far  as  ever  it  is  practicable,  put  both  sides  of  all  questions  before 
the  public.  That  is  the  reason  why  the  accounts  of  this  church  are  here  given  in 



full.  A  perusal  of  them  will  at  once  show  on  how  sound  a  financial  basis  the 
church  is.  With  these  accounts  is  brought  to  a  termination  this  the  eleventh 
chapter  of  our  history. 

Annual  Statement  for  the  year  ending  September  30th,  f  898. 

Treasurer  in  account  with  Trustees  of  Sherbourne  Street  Methodist  Church. 



Balance  from  last  year $      24  80 

Collections  (39  Sundays),..      1,690  57 

Anniversary  Collection 557  80 

Proceeds  of  Service  of  Praise .         62  80 
From  Pupils  for  use  of  Organ          9  80 

Total  Current  Income $2,345  86 

Seat  Rent     

Repaid  by  Quarterly  Board . 

3,233  00 
36  00 

,614  86 


Last  year's  account $488  31 


Sexton $    445  00 

Organist  and  Choir 1,190  35 

Fuel  and  Gas 463  24 

Insurance 100  00 

Annual  Charges 588  27 

Total  Current  Expenses 2,786  86 

Parsonage  Repairs  Account 74  95 

Quarterly  Board  proportion  of  printing  18  75 

Interest 1,276  25 

Instalment  on  Mortgage 1,000  00 

Balance  in  Bank 295  83 

Deduct  Insurance  paid  last  year. $  41  25 
Accounts  unpaid 284  84 

5,940  95 

326  09 

5,614  86 



Quarterly  Board $      18  35 

Sexton . . . . .  445  00 

Insurance  (proportion) 100  00 

Annual  Charges  (balance) 515  67 

Organist  and  Choir   1, 190  35 

Fuel  and  Gas 463  24 

Interest ' '  1,276  25 

Furniture  Account 350  00 

Parsonage  Repairs 74  95 

Balance  added  to  Capital 1,198  81 

$5,632  62 

Seat  Rent. 


.$2,248  37 
.   3,384  25 

5,632  62 





Church  Property $65,665  39 

Furniture 2,005  84 

Organ 5,375  06 

Parsonage 4,000  00 

Quarterly  Board 18  75 

Subscriptions Ill  95 

Insurance  Prepaid 38  75 

Cash  in  Savings  Bank 295  83 

Cash  in  hand  of  Seat  Committee 200  50 

$77,712  07 



Accounts  unpaid. 
Capital  Account . 

.$29,500  00 

284  84 

.  47,927  23 

$77,712  07 

We  have  examined  the  books  and  vouchers  in  connection  with  the  Treasurer's  Balance  Sheet, 
and  find  the  same  to  be  correct,  the  balance,  $295,83,  being  deposited  in  the  Central  Canada  Loan 
and  Savings  Company,  as  per  certified  Pass-Book. 

TORONTO,  October  26th,  1898.  D.  SIMPSON,  |  . uditor^ 

O.  F.  RICE,    j*u 


Carlton  Street  Church, 

ARLTON  Street  Methodist  Church,  which  is  not  only  one  of  the  largest 
congregations,  but  one  of  the  most  influential  in  the  Methodist  body 
of  Toronto,  was  formerly  attached  to  the  Primitive  Methodist  connec 
tion.  This  particular  branch  of  the  Methodist  Church  arose  in 
England  in  1810,  the  reason  of  its  existence  being  that  two  Wesleyan 
ministers,  incited  thereto,  it  is  said,  by  the  eccentric  Lorenzo  Dow,  insisted 
that  they  should  be  at  liberty  to  hold  camp  meetings  and  do  other  things  which 
were  outside  the  ordinary  routine  of  Methodist  Church  life.  In  addition  to  this 
a  leading  feature  in  the  church  polity  of  the  Primitive  Methodists  was  that  the 
laity  should  have  a  voice  in  the  conduct  of  affairs.  In  1876  the  New  Connexion 
Methodists  and  the  Wesleyan  Methodists  of  Canada  united,  and  in  1885  these 
were  joined  by  the  Methodist  Episcopal,  the  Primitive  Methodists  and  the  Bible 
Christians.  By  this  union  the  Methodist  Church  became  one  body,  greatly  in 
creasing  its  influence  and  usefulness. 

Robert  Walker,  who  died  October  5th,  1805,  is  said  to  have  been  the  second 
Primitive  Methodist  in  Toronto.  He  was  the  first  man  to  organize  a  "  class," 
and  it  was  owing  to  his  energy  and  preseverance  that  the  Wesleyan  body  in  Eng 
land  sent  a  missionary  here  to  begin  services  in  the  old  Masonic  Hall  on  Col- 
borne  Street.  This  was  about  1 830.  Services  continued  in  Colborne  Street  until 
1832,  when  a  chapel  having  been  erected  on  Bay  Street,  it  was  opened  in  the 
summer  of  the  last  named  year  for  divine  service.  Mr.  Walker  was  a  man  of 
immense  energy,  and  it  is  related  of  him  that  he  was  in  the  habit  of  riding  from 
Toronto  to  Brampton  on  Sunday,  preaching  three  times  in  ,the  latter  place,  and 
returning  home  on  the  evening  of  the  same  day.  The  first  Bay  Street  Church 
cost  £1,000  currency  or  $4,000,  and  in  1833  boasted  200  members.  Prominent 
among  its  ministers  in  its  early  days  was  the  Rev.  Edward  Barras,  and  he,  with 
others,  carried  on  the  work  at  Bay  Street  with  very  great  success  until  1853> 
when  land  was  bought  by  the  congregation  on  Alice  Street,  and  a  church  erected 
thereon,  the  total  cost  of  both  land  and  building  being  about  $20,000.  For  about 



a  year  after  the  Bay  Street  property  had  been  sold  services  were  held  in  the 
Temperance  Hall  on  Temperance  St.  it  was  not  until  1854  that  the  congregation 
were  able  to  take  possession  of  their  new  church  on  Alice  Street.  In  a  sketch  of 
Carlton  Street  Church,  published  in  1886,  the  writer  says,  referring  to  the  congre 
gation  who  worshipped  in  Alice  St.  Church  : 

"  Twenty  years  were  spent  in  this  building,  the  church  slowly  but  effectively 
increasing  in  numbers  and  wealth,  and  all  its  activities  were  going  forward  suc 
cessfully,  when,  in  1874,  a  fire  partly  consumed  the  structure,  and  the  matter  of 
rebuilding  or  removing  was  forced  upon  the  trustees.  Recognizing  the  fact  that 
the  residential  centre  of  the  city  was  gradually  shifting  northwards  and  that  the 
lower  part  was  being  given  to  commercial  and  business  interests  more  especial 
ly,  it  was  decided  not  to  rebuild,  but  to  move.  The  internal  growth  of  the  con 
gregation  also  demanded  a  larger  church  building,  hence  the  necessitv  of  making 
a  new  start  in  a  more  eligible  locality.  After  some  investigation  and  consulta 
tion  the  site  of  the  present  Carlton  St.  Church  was  purchased  ;  it  was  located  on 
the  south  side  of  the  street,  some  fifty  yards  to  the  east  of  Yonge  Street." 

On  this  lot  of  land,  which  cost  $10,000,  were  a  number  of  buildings ;  these, 
of  course,  were  all  cleared  away.  The  lot  upon  which  the  church  was  sub 
sequently  built,  had  a  frontage  of  120  feet  on  Carlton  St.  and  100  feet  on  Ann 
St.  The  church  as  built  in  1874  cost  $36,000.  It  contained  an  excellent  organ, 
valued  at  $4,000  more,  built  by  Messrs.  Johnson  &  Sons,  of  Westfield,  Mass.  The 
organ  had  28  stops  and  four  16-foot  stops,  and  was  of  excellent  tone.  From  1875 
until  1885  was  an  eventful  period  in  the  history  of  Carlton  St.  Church,  its 
growth  having  become  so  rapid  that  in  the  latter  year  it  was  necessary  to  enlarge 
the  building  so  that  the  ever-increasing  congregation  might  be  accommodated. 

The  first  church  was  52  feet  wide  in  its  interior,  and  the  present  one  is  77  feet 
wide.  To  quote  again  from  the  sketch  of  Carlton  St.  Church,  already  referred 
to :  "  In  the  old  building  the  gallery  was  elliptical  in  shape  with  a  comparatively 
small  well ;  the  minister's  vestry  was  under  the  organ  which  projected  from  the 
south  wall,  resting  upon  huge  cantilevers  and  backed  under  a  large  arch.  The 
seats  on  the  main  floor  were  ranged  in  semi-rectilineal  form  and  were  not  graded 
from  the  pulpit  dais.  The  new  architectural  arrangement  has  changed  all  that  ; 
the  interior  of  the  auditorium  is  amphitheatral,  and  the  floor,  beginning  five 
pews  from  the  chancel,  gradually  rises  to  the  main  entrances,  so  that  an  unob- 


structed  view  is  had  of  the  pulpit  from  all  sections  of  the  room  ;  the  advantage 
of  having  pews  nearest  the  pulpit  on  a  level  is  seen  in  the  fact  that  it  prevents 
the  apparent  sinking  of  the  dais  below  the  proper  optical  plane.  The  auditorium 
is  70  feet  long  and  37  feet  high;  the  pews  have  iron  ends  ;  the  gallery  is  sup 
ported  by  fifteen  pillars,  and  these  mark  the  site  of  the  old  walls ;  arches  have 
been  introduced  above  the  gallery  and  for  the  windows,  formerly  in  pairs,  six  on 
each  side,  with  Norman  arches  and  capitals  are  substituted,  with  the  central  ones 
of  stained  brightly-colored  glass,  and  the  others  of  cut-glass  more  plainly  de 
signed.  There  are  eight  aisles  down  the  audience  chamber,  giving  easy  access  to 
all  sittings,  with  two  entrances  from  beneath  porches  on  either  side  of  the 
choir,  and  three  from  Carlton  Street,  all  guarded  with  noiseless  doors  and  screen 
ed  with  curtains." 

Carlton  St.  Church,  as  viewed  from  the  outside,  is  of  extremely  handsome 
appearance,  the  architecture  being  in  the  style  known  as  Norman-Gothic.  It  is 
not  entered  direct,  a  commodious  flight  of  steps  lead  one  to  the  entrance  door  as 
they  enter  from  the  street.  There  is  connected  with  Carlton  St.  Church  a  spacious 
lecture-room,  with  four  class-rooms  adjoining,  and  in  it  is  the  Sunday  School  lib 
rary,  which  consists  of  some  700  volumes.  Over  the  lecture-room,  into  which 
entrance  is  gained  by  a  wide  staircase,  are  the  rooms  used  for  Sunday  School 
purposes.  In  shape  the  Sunday  School  room  is  semi-circular,  and  around  it  are 
nine  class-rooms,  each  of  which  has  glass  double  doors,  which  can  either  be  open 
ed  or  closed  at  convenience.  In  the  gallary  there  are  six  small  class-rooms,  and 
in  the  centre  a  much  larger  room  where  the  infant  class  is  taught.  There  are 
over  fifty  Sunday  School  teachers,  with  some  five  hundred  scholars  (1899). 
The  ministers  at  Carlton  Street  since  1880  have  been  as  follows  :— 

1880-81-82-83 J.  C.  Antliff,  M.A.,  B.D. 

!884-85 John  Philip,  M.A. 

1886-87-88 Hugh  Johnston,  M.A.  B  D 

1889-90-91 W.  j.  Huntei.  DD 

1892-93-94-95 James  Henderson,  D  D 

!896-97 S.D.Chown. 

1898-99 George  R.  Turk. 

Speaking    of  the   musical  arrangements  at  this  Church,  among  those   who 
sang  in  the  choir,  one  of  the  most  noted  was  the  contralto  soloist,  Miss  Ella  Ronan, 

198  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

who  did  much  by  the  excellence  of  her  work  and  the  regularity  of  her  attendance 
at  the  services  to  raise  the  musical  tone  of  the  Church. 

Before  taking  leave  of  this  Church,  the  account  from  which  we  have  already 
twice  quoted  may  be  again  referred  to.  It  aptly  brings  to  a  conclusion  the  de 
scription  of  the  edifice.  The  quotation  is  as  follows  : — 

"  The  entire  room,"  this  means  the  Church's  interior,  "  is  upholstered  and  car 
peted  in  bright  red  ;  this,  with  the  delicate  coloring  of  the  fresco  work,  gives  it 
a  bright,  pleasant,  cheerful  appearance  that  is  very  restful  and  comfortable,  as  well 
as  inspiring  and  helpful  to  a  true  spirit  of  worship.  The  building  is  heated  by 
five  furnaces  ;  the  acoustic  property  is  excellent,  the  facility  for  seeing  is  without 
exception,  the  light  is  abundant,  and  no  Church  in  Toronto  offers  greater  induce 
ment  for  a  pleasant  and  agreeable  service  than  this.  Mr.  Storm  was  the  archi 
tect  whose  excellent  taste  and  skill  gave  to  the  Methodist  people  this  beautiful 
and  artistic  building." 


Euclid  Avenue  Church. 

(HE   inception    of    Euclid   Avenue    Church   is    due    to    the  Primitive 
Methodists.     Some  of  the  older  members  of  Carlton   Street  Church, 
inspired  with   true  missionary   zeal,   who  first  established  a    mis 
sion  on  the  west  side  of  Spadina  Avenue,  a  little  south  of  Queen 
Street,  which  developed  into  a  nourishing  Sunday  School,  viewed  with 
earnest  consideration  the  necessity  of  the  erection  of  a  church  farther  west. 
The  land  upon  which  the  first  church  was  erected   was  given  by  Mr.  John 
Bugg,  at  the  close  of  the  year  1864.     The  price  paid  therefor,  according  to  the 
Rev.  John  D.  Gilbert,  who  was  a  witness  to  the  transaction,  was  $945. 

The  building  itself  was  provided  largely  by  the  munificence  of  Mr.  John 
Gardner  Walker,  of  the  late  firm  of  R.  Walker  &  Sons,  assisted  by  other  mem 
bers  of  his  own  family,  and  also  Thomas  Thompson,  of  the  Mammoth  House,  and 
others.  In  June  of  1865  the  church  was  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God.  Mr. 
J.  G.  Walker,  to  whose  enterprise  and  zeal  the  church  chiefly  owes  its  inception, 
who  was  a  man  of  most  benevolent  spirit,  and  should  be  held  in  everlastino-  remem 
brance,  died  a  tragic  death.  He  was  thrown  from  a  horse  near  Manchester,  Eng 
land,  and  run  over  by  an  omnibus,  sustaining  a  compound  fracture  of  the  leg.  This 
occurred  on  the  oth  day  of  January,  1866,  the  year  following  the  opening  of  the 
church.  He  was  taken  to  the  Manchester  Royal  Infirmary,  where  he  lay  in 
great  suffering  for  some  months.  On  May  ISth  he  was  removed  to  Bowden, 
where  it  was  decided  to  amputate,  but  he  died  on  the  20th,  and  the  operation 
never  took  place.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  was  the  assistant  superintendent 
of  the  old  Alice  Street  Primitive  Methodist  Church.  He  had  been  the  first 
superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  in  Euclid  Avenue  Church,  but  resigned  it 
to  take  the  work  at  Alice  Street.  While  lying  in  pain  at  Manchester  he  gave 
to  Euclid  Avenue  the  first  musical  instrument  it  ever  possessed. 

The  original  site  included  about  twenty  feet  of  land  east  of  the  present  church 
This  twenty  feet  was  bought  back  by  the  original  donor.  The  land  on  which 
the  church  parlors  now  stand  was  not  included  in  the  original  gift,  but  was 


200  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

bought  from  Mr.  James  Henderson  in  1880.  The  original  lot  was  therefore 
almost  precisely  ninety-eight  feet  square. 

The  first  church  was  a  very  modest  structure  of  small  cost,  with  a  seating 
capacity  for  some  three  hundred  people. 

The  following  gentlemen  constituted  its  Trust  Board  in  July  of  1866  : 

Robert  Irving  Walker,  Thomas  Thompson,  Daniel  McLean,  W.  Glanville,  J. 
W.  Cox,  P.  Trowern,  F.  Foster  and  John  Bugg. 

Some  of  those  who  were  formerly  members  of  the  Board  are  dead,  among 
whom  are  R.  I.  Walker,  Robert  Walker,  John  Bugg,  William  Pullan,  John  Bain- 
bridge.  Others  are  still  alive.  Mr.  P.  Trowern,  of  the  original  Board  of 
Trustees,  is  still  acting  as  engineer  for  the  asylum,  and  lives  at  20  Argyle  Street. 
Some  of  the  later  members  of  the  Board,  who  have  resigned  for  various  reasons, 
are  still  living  in  and  around  the  city.  Mr.  Robert  I.  Walker  was  the  latest 
member  of  the  original  Board  to  resign,  and  so  disappeared  the  last  link  which 
bound  the  new  movement  to  Carlton  Street  Church,  of  which  it  was  a  protegee. 

The  first  pastor  was  the  Rev.  John  Goodman,  who  remained  two  years.  Rev. 
W.  S.  Huo-han  followed  him,  and  at  the  close  of  his  pastoral  term  it  was  decided 
to  enlaro-e  the  building  to  accommodate  the  increasing  congregation  and  flourish 
ing  Sunday  School.  In  1871  the  enlargement  took  place,  and  the  church  in  its 
improved  conditions  would  hold  four  hundred  and  fifty  people. 

The  Rev.  Thomas  Griffiths,  an  industrious,  faithful  and  much-loved  pastor, 
occupied  the  pulpit  from  1871  to  1876,  when  Rev.  W.  S.  Hughan  returned  for  a 
second  term.  Then  Rev.  Robert  Cade  ministered  to  the  congregation's  spiritual 
wants,  from  1877  to  1882.  Rev.  T.  W.  Jolliffe  then  spent  a  successful  term  of 
three  years,  at  the  end  of  which  an  enlargement  of  the  overcrowded  chapel  was 
found  to  be  a  necessity. 

Then  was  built  the  present  church,  which  for  odd  entrances,  old-fashioned 
properties  generally,  not  excepting  the  seats,  its  ungainly  gallery,  as  well  as  the 
warm  hearts  of  its  congregation,  and  the  genuine  friendliness  and  piety  of  its 
members,  is  unequalled  in  Toronto. 

Revs.  James  Van  Wyck,  George  Webber,  A.  M.  Phillips,  John  F.  Ockley  and  E. 
S.  Rowe  have  been  its  pastors  since  the  last  enlargement. 

Of  the  pastors  the  first  five  before  the  union  of  1883  were  Primitive  Metho 
dists  ;  but  Mr.  Van  Wyck  was  formerly  an  Episcopalian  Methodist ;  Mr.  Web- 


ber  was  a  Bible  Christian ;  Mr.  Phillips  a  Wesleyan,  and  Mr.  Ockley  a  Primi 
tive  Methodist. 

The  old  parsonage,  now  used  as  a  church  parlor,  was  built  in  1880,  in  Rev. 
Dr.  Cade's  pastorate.  The  present  parsonage  was  erected  on  land  purchased 
from  Mr.  Bainbridge,  at  the  close  of  Mr.  Webber's  and  the  beginning  of 
Mr.  Phillips'  term,  in  1891.  The  first  two  pastors  occupied  a  rough-cast  cot 
tage  on  the  south  side  of  Robinson  Street,  east  of  Palmerston  Ave.  Mr.  Griffiths 
resided  in  a  building  a  few  doors  east,  Messrs.  Cade,  JollifFe,  Van  Wyck,  and 
Webber  occupied  the  old  parsonage,  and  Mr.  Phillips  and  the  present  pastor,  Mr. 
Rowe,  are  all  who  have  so  far  resided  in  the  present  parsonage. 

Among  those  who  specially  have  done  good  service  in  connection  with  this 
church  are  Andrew  Smith,  the  Queen  Street  saddler,  who  was  many  years  ago 
the  recording  steward  ;  Thomas  Hardy,  the  boot  and  shoe  merchant,  forrnanyyears 
a  local  preacher  and  the  Treasurer  of  the  Trust  Board ;  William  Dunlop,  of 
Crawford  street,  an  efficient  class  leader,  and  a  local  preacher  of  ability  ;  and  Dr. 
Watson,  the  gentleness  of  whose  kindly  heart  is  unfailing. 

Among  the  present  members,  George  Brown  and  W.  H.  Lake  have  been  connect 
ed  with  the  Church  for  many  years,  and  formerly  held  official  relationships  ;  Mr. 
Gallier  is  numbered  among  the  oldest  and  most  respected  officers.  Mrs.  Jackson, 
of  34  Euclid  Avenue,  has  the  distinction  of  having  been  longer  in  connection  with 
the  Society  than  any  other  of  the  present  members  of  the  Church,  and  during  its 
earlier  history  much  of  its  progress  was  due  to  the  tireless  zeal  she  and  her  late 
husband  displayed. 

Joseph  Summerfield,  for  many  years  leader  of  the  choir,  who  took  a  deep  and 
devoted  interest  in  every  department  of  the  work,  has  earned  the  respect  and 
gratitude  which  are  his  due. 

Miss  Dixon,  was  for  many  years  the  organist,  and,  together  with  Mr.  Summer- 
field  as  leader,  achieved  for  the  choir  a  reputation  now  ably  sustained  by  the 
present  excellent  choristers. 

The  Sunday  School  has  always  been  a  prosperous  department.  Thomas  Behan, 
James  Finnemore,  and  J.  D.  Main  have  been  among  its  successful  superintend 
ents,  and  it  now  enrols  a  membership  of  six  hundred  scholars. 

The  infant  classes  meet  in  the  old  parsonage,  next  to  the  church,  where  three 
rooms  have  been  fitted  out  for  their  accommodation. 

202  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

The  present  Trustee  Board  consists  of  Dr.  Watson,  J.  J.  Main,  John  Dunlop, 
Fred  Price,  W.  G.  Jackson,  W.  H.  Rolston,  A.  Jennings,  A.  Stewart,  T.  B.  Stone- 
ham,  E.  Galliers  and  James  Edwards  (1898). 

The  following  lead  classes: — Dr.  Watson,  E.  Galliers,  Geo.  Gardner,  James 
Ivory,  W.  H.  Mundy,  John  Bark  well,  Miss  Newton  and  the  pastor  (1898). 

Rev.  Elliott  S.  Rowe  and  James  Finnemore  teach  the  Bible  Classes,  while  W.  R. 
McGill  is  President  of  the  Senior  Epworth  League,  and  H.  B.  Andrews  and  T. 
H.  Lockhart  respectively  conduct  the  Intermediate  and  Junior  Leagues. 


Queen   Street  East  Church   (Leslieville). 


HE  Methodist  church  at  Queen  Street  East  was  started  over  forty  years 
ago  and  originated  through  a  prayer-meeting  held  in  the  home  of 
the  late  Mr.  Fox,  conducted  by  Emerson  Coatsworth  and  assisted 
by  a  few  Berkeley  Street  Church  friends. 

After  more  than  a  year  of  cottage  services,  a  congregation  was  formed 
consisting  of  twenty-six  members  who  had  been  attending  these  services. 
The  present  church  was  built  in  1859  on  a  site  presented  by  Mr.  Thomas 
Beatty.  He  and  the  late  Jesse  Ash  bridge,  from  whom  the  Eastern  bay  was 
named,  and  others,  made  liberal  contributions  of  building  supplies  as  well  as 
financial  assistance,  but  the  entire  cost  of  the  building  was  not  met  until  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Boyd  raised  eight  hundred  and  sixty-two  dollars  and  freed  the  building 
from  all  debt. 

Mr.  Coatsworth  took  a  deep  interest  in  the  welfare  of  the  church,  he,  Mr.  E. 
M  urphy  and  Mr.  Storm  acting  as  trustees  for  many  years. 

Mr.  Storm,  Mr.  John  Greer,  the  builder,  Mr.  Blight,  and  other  local  preachers 
officiated  as  pulpit  supply  until  the  arrival  of  the  first  pastor,  Rev.  Thomas  Der 
rick,  who  was  much  beloved. 

Mr.  Boustead  became  the  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  and  acted 
in  that  capacity  for  some  time. 

It  is  a  plain  brick  structure  of  moderate  dimensions,  facing  southward  to  Queen 
Street,  with  a  seating  capacity  for  200  people,  and  a  flight  of  a  dozen  steps  leads 
to  a  small  wooden  porch  surmounting  its  solitary  entrance.  A  window  on  either 
side  of  the  doorway  with  frosted  panes,  and  three  more  windows  down  each  side 
of  the  church,  admit  the  light.  The  original  pews  were  of  the  old-fashioned 
kind,  to  which  admission  was  secured  by  small  doors ;  but  they  have  since  been 
discarded  for  the  modern  bench. 

The  interior  of  the  church  is  very  pleasing.  It  is  kalsomined  throughout,  the 
walls  and  ceiling  being  decorated  with  blue  and  brown  tinting. 



It  was  first  known  as  the  Kingston  Road  Appointment  of  the  Toronto  East 
Circuit,  afterwards  as  Leslieville,  and  now  as  the  Queen  Street  East  Church. 

After  Mr.  Derrick  came  the  Rev.  Wesley  Casson,  who  is  now  in  the  Northwest, 
and  who  was  a  preacher  of  exceptional  ability. 

This  was  the  first  church  in  Upper  Canada  wherein  Dr.  Briggs  preached.  In 
1866  it  was  joined  to  the  Scarboro'  Circuit  and  remained  so  for  three  years.  The 
preachers  of  the  circuit  were  Joshua  P.  Lewis,  who  afterwards  joined  the  Episco 
pal  body,  and  who  is  now  Rector  of  Grace  Church,  on  Elm  Street ;  David  Brethour 
and  Alexander  G.  Harris. 

In  1870  it  was  again  set  off"  as  a  separate  charge,  but  its  membership  was  very 
Davidson  McDonald,  Thomas  Jeffers,  Alexander  C.  Chambers  and  the 
venerable  Doctor  Carroll  occupying  its  pulpit  in  turn.  During  the  latter's  pas 
toral  term  the  mission,  finally  resulting  in  Woodgreen  Church,  was  started,  and 
was  destined  soon  to  surpass  the  mother  church  of  the  eastern  suburbs.  Here 
also  Charles  Langford,  who  was  reared  a  Roman  Catholic ;  Joseph  McCarroll, 
now  in  Detroit,  a  minister  of  the  Episcopal  church ;  Joseph  E.  Sanderson ;  Thomas 
W.  Campbell;  Rev.  Messrs.  Wilkinson,  Matheson,  Rutledge  and  Shore  were  pas 
tors  in  the  little  church  before  the  advent  of  their  present  pastor  Rev.  Mr. 

In  the  year  1877,  during  the  pastoral  term  of  the  Rev.  Chas.  Langford,  repairs 
were  done,  and  the  sum  of  $225  was  raised  by  mortgage,  which  sum  was  repaid 
by  the  efforts  of  the  ladies  ten  years  after. 

In  1890  the  church  was  re-seated  and  improved.  In  1891  a  new  school  and 
class-room  were  built  at  a  cost  of  over  $1,200.00.  It  was  a  much-needed  im 
provement,  but  it  left  a  heavy  burden  of  debt. 

When  the  Rev.  Geo.  Webber,  was  appointed  to  the  charge,  he  saw  the  neces 
sity  of  removing  some  of  its  liabilities,  and  after  a  great  effort,  extending  over 
several  months,  he  raised  and  paid  off  seven  hundred  dollars  three  years  ago. 

A  second  effort  was  also  succesfully  made  by  the  same  hard-working  and 
industrious  pastor,  and  a  sum  of  two  hundred  dollars  was  raised,  and  on  the  first 
day  of  the  last  month  of  the  year  duly  applied  to  the  debt  reduction,  so  that, 
during  Mr.  Webber's  pastorate,  the  total  debt  was  reduced  nearly  one-half— 
a  fact  that  speaks  volumes,  not  only  for  his  self-sacrificing  efforts,  but  for  his 
financial  capabilities  as  well. 


The  congregation  have  again  and  again  heartily  thanked  the  latter  for  his 
earnest  and  successful  efforts  on  their  behalf,  and  feel  a  deep  and  grateful  affection 
for  their  gifted  and  successful  pastor.  The  present  membership  is  about  one  hun 
dred,  with  a  very  flourishing  Sunday  School.  The  church  has  not  increased  as  it 
would  have  done  in  the  midst  of  a  larger  population,  but  it  is  in  a  much  better 
condition  than  it  has  ever  been,  with  a  hopeful  and  growing  outlook. 

Mr.  George  Rossiter  is  the  present  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  which 
is  well  attended.  Mr.  Abblett  and  Mr.  Webber  lead  classes  (1897-98). 


Parliament  Street  Church. 

EV.  JOHN  DAVID  GILBERT,  who  as  far  back  as  thirty-six  years  ago, 
visited  and  held  meetings  in  the  home  of  Mr.  Smith  on  Duke  Street, 
and  held  open-air  meetings  and  preached  on  the  site  of  the  present 
Parliament  Street  Church  some  years  before  it  was  erected,  was  born 
in  Monmouthshire,  Wales,  in  1815.  His  parents  were  of  humble  position, 
but  his  mother  was  a  member  of  the  sect  called  Methodists,  and  from  her 
he  inherited  in  a  marked  degree  the  sterling  qualities  of  character,  the  firmness  of 
purpose,  and  the  unswerving  righteousness  that  have  been  the  leading  features 
of  his  long  life. 

In  the  year  1832  he  was  converted  in  his  native  town,  under  the  preaching 
of  Mr.  Dawson,  an  itinerant  divine.  He  became  identified  with  the  work,  first 
becoming  a  prayer  leader,  afterwards  an  exhorter,  and  finally,  having  preached  a 
trial  sermon  before  four  itinerant  preachers  and  a  large  congregation,  he  was 
placed  upon  the  plan  as  a  local  preacher.  This  was  before  he  was  twenty  years 
of  age. 

From  that  time  until  he  came  to  Canada  his  services  were  in  constant  requisi 
tion,  and  his  preaching  was  accompanied  with  Divine  blessing. 

He  was  at  this  time  remarkable  for  his  industry.  A  carpenter  by  trade,  his 
comrades  used  to  wonder  how,  after  the  arduous  duties  to  which  he  attended  on 
every  Sabbath  day,  he  should  still  be  so  assiduous  over  his  daily  toil. 

In  1856  he  came  to  Canada  and  settled  in  Newmarket,  working  at  his  trade. 
Here  he  conducted  successful  revivals,  and  here  had  a  great  affliction  fall  upon 
him  in  the  death  of  his  only  son. 

He  now  decided  to  consecrate  himself  to  the  Christian  ministry,  and  for  five 
years  he  filled  the  duties  of  a  hired  local  preacher.  His  efforts  were  attended 
with  marked  success.  In  Bowmanville,  his  first  regular  station,  under  his 
earnest  preaching,  great  numbers  were  brought  to  a  knowledge  of  the  truth. 
Paris  and  Brantford,  Toronto,  Kincardine,  and  Toronto  again,  were  his  fields  of 
labor  until  1865,  when  in  the  city  of  Kingston,  at  the  conference  of  the 



Primitive  Methodist  Church,  he  was  solemnly  ordained  to  administer  the  sacra 
ments  and  to  solemnize  matrimony.  As  he  was  by  this  time  somewhat  advanced 
in  years  he  relinquished  all  claims  to  the  funds  of  the  church. 

He  was  then  stationed  in  Brant,  near  Walkerton,  and  afterwards  in  Osprey, 
Stayner  and  Collingwood  ;  then,  in  1874,  Mr.  Bugg  paid  his  salary  out  of  his  own 
pocket  for  the  purpose  of  having  him  in  Toronto,  so  highly  did  he  hold  him  in 
his  personal  regard.  Next  year  he  was  located.  He  afterwards  received  appoint 
ments  at  Parliament  Street  Church,  in  Uxbridge  and  Pickering,  and  preached  up 
until  the  last  few  years,  when  the  increasing  infirmities  of  advancing  age  com 
pelled  him  to  desist. 

His  wife,  Mary  Gilbert,  is  the  author  of  a  remarkable  booklet  called  "  The 
Manner,  Signs  and  Times  of  our  Lord's  Second  Coming,"  which  takes  a  new  view 
of  that  interesting  subject,  and  displays  deep  Biblical  learning  and  research. 

Thirty-six  years  ago  Mr.  Gilbert  visited  and  preached  in  the  home  of  Mr. 
Smith  on  Duke  Street.  He  was  the  father  of  the  two  brothers  who  now  carry 
on  the  large  manufacturing  business  on  Berkeley  Street. 

About  this  time,  however,  Mr.  Gilbert  was  sent  into  mission  work  remote 
from  Toronto.  After  two  years  he  returned  again  and  began  preaching  on  the 
streets  in  the  East  End.  He  and  his  wife  would  march  in  the  middle  of  the 
street,  with  perhaps  one  or  two  followers. 

Then  when  a  crowd  had  gathered  he  would  stop  and  preach  to  them  of  the 
"  Unsearchable  riches."  At  different  vacant  lots  on  Oak  Street,  Wilton  Avenue 
— then  Beach  Street — and  Parliament  Street  he  grew  to  be  a  familiar  figure. 
Week  evenings  and  Sunday  afternoons  he  was  abroad  preaching,  besides 
filling  his  regular  appointments  at  Alice  Street,  Yorkville  and  Don  Mills 

The  vacant  lot  at  the  southern  corner  of  Parliament  and  Oak  Streets  became 
a  favorite  rendezvous,  and  here  Mr.  Bugg,  Mr.  Thos.  Thompson  and  Hev.  Mr. 
Davis  used  to  attend  frequently  on  Sunday  afternoons  while  he  preached  upon 
the  green. 

Some  interesting  incidents  occurred.  At  the  close  of  the  first  open-air  meet 
ing  he  was  accosted  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stratton,  who  told  him  how  glad  they  were 
to  listen  to  the  accents  of  an  old  country  Primitive  preacher.  On  the  following 
Tuesday  Mr.  Gilbert  dined  at  their  home,  and  in  the  evening  they  visited  the 



Mammoth  House— Mr.  Thompson  then  lived  upstairs  above  the  store— and  a 
class  meeting  was  held. 

Upon  another  occasion,  while  preaching  on  the  street,  an  intoxicated  in 
dividual  claimed  the  chair  behind  which  he  was  preaching,  occupying  it  during 
the  service  and  keeping  time  to  the  singing  by  waving  his  walking-stick 
through  the  air.  This  attracted  a  large  crowd.  He  was  particularly  anxious 
that  a  collection  should  be  taken  up,  but  finding  Mr.  Gilbert  inexorable  on  this 
point,  at  the  close  of  the  service  he  pressed  him  to  accept  some  pieces  of  silver 
from  his  own  pockets. 

Upon  another  occasion,  while  holding  an  open-air  meeting,  he  was  addressed 
by  a  workingman  in  the  jargon  of  an  unknown  tongue,  and  requested  by  the 
same  individual  to  preach  in  that  language.  Upon  protesting  the  impossibility 
of  the  feat,  he  was  bluntly  assured  that  he  was  an  unfit  person  to  preach  the 
Gospel.  Mr.  Gilbert  thereupon  addressed  the  interrupter  in  Welsh,  and  asked 
him  if  he  understood  his  words.  The  answer,  of  course,  was  a  negative  one. 
"  Now,"  said  the  preacher,  "  by  your  own  reasoning  you  are  not  fit  to  interrupt 
me."  This  incident  attracted  a  large  crowd  on  the  following  Sunday  afternoon, 
and  good  was  reaped  from  evil. 

After  preaching  in  the  evening  of  a  certain  Thursday,  he  was  invited  to  the 
home  of  Joseph  Whitehouse,  and  here  the  nucleus  of  a  Society  was  formed  in 
the  year  1863. 

Mr.  Robert  Walker,  of  the  Golden  Lion,  became  interested  in  this  eastern  mis 
sionary  endeavor  and  in  the  same  year  he  purchased  the  land  at  the  corner  of  Oak 
and  Parliament  Streets  at  a  cost  of  eight  dollars  a  foot,  erected  a  small  rough-cast 
edifice  and  an  unpretentious  parsonage  in  the  rear  of  the  church  on  Oak  Street, 
and  presented  it  to  the  incipient  congregation. 

The  east  end  was  then  sparsely  settled  and  the  foolishness  of  building  a  church 
in  such  a  lonely  location  was  remarked  in  several  quarters.  This  was  in  1864 

The  church  was  duly  opened  for  divine  worship  on  the  6th  day  of  November, 
1864,  and  the  parsonage  was  occupied  by  Rev.  Mr.  Gilbert.  William  Smith 
took  up  the  first  collection. 

The  first  class-leader  was  Irving  Walker.  His  class  met  on  Tuesday  evenings 
in  the  house  of  Mr.  Barren  on  Ontario  Street.  Mr.  Walker,  after  a  time  moved 
to  New  London,  and  Mr.  Barren  succeeded  as  leader,  in  which  position  he  con 
tinued  for  some  years. 


Joseph  Whitehouse  led  the  singing.  The  accompanying  music  was  furnished 
by  a  small  melodeon,  which  was  played  by  a  book-keeper  from  Lamb's  factory, 
whose  name  is  now  forgotten. 

On  the  13th  day  of  November,  a  week  after  services  were  begun,  a  Sunday 
School  was  started.  Mr.  William  Smith  and  Mr.  Gilbert  visited  the  entire 
neighborhood  and  received  the  promise  of  attendance  from  some  seventy 
scholars.  On  the  opening  day  some  thirty  boys  and  girls  were  there. 

Mr.  Glenville  became  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  in  which 
position  he  continued  for  some  years. 

Mr.  Mutton  was  appointed  Secretary  and  William  Smith  and  John  Barren  be 
came  teachers.  They  were  all  from  Alice  Street  Church  and  formed  the  first 
staff  of  the  newly-founded  Sunday  School. 

One  of  the  first  scholars  to  attend  was  Robert  J.  Fleming,  then  a  rather  harum- 
scarum  boy  of  tender  years.  He  was,  nevertheless,  a  manly  fellow,  but  gave  at 
that  time  little  promise  of  the  abilities  he  has  displayed  during  later  years. 
The  superintendents  in  succession  in  the  Sunday  School  have  been  Mr.  Glen 
ville  ;  John  Cox,  who  held  the  position  up  to  the  time  of  his  death ;  Joseph 
Lawson,  the  insurance  agent ;  Mr.  Flint ;  Mr.  Brown,  who  resigned  the  position 
after  15  years'  service,  on  account  of  the  approaching  infirmities  of  age  ;  and 
the  present  Superintendent. 

Mr.  Gilbert's  effective  preaching  soon  gathered  an  increasing  congregation,  and 
in  nine  months'  time  the  little  church  was  enlarged. 

After  a  year's  pastoral  labor,  during  which  time  some  sixty  souls  were  brought 
to  a  knowledge  of  the  truths  of  Christianity,  and  inspired  by  the  constant  in 
crease  in  the  attendance,  he  was  called  from  the  charge  and  stationed  in  Brant. 
His  salary  for  the  year  had  been  $320.  Upon  their  departure  the  congregation 
made  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gilbert  the  present  of  a  purse  as  a  token  of  the  esteem  in 
which  they  were  held. 

He  was  succeeded,  after  a  term  of  twelve  months,  by  Rev.  T.  Reid,  who  in 
turn  gave  way  to  Rev.  Mr.  Cooper.  At  this  time  it  was  on  the  same  circuit  with 
Alice  Street  and  Don  Mills  Churches. 

Rev.  Henry  Harris,  an  old-country  preacher,  and  an  eloquent  speaker,  was  the 
next  pastor.  During  his  time  the  present  structure  was  erected. 

The  mother  church  on  Alice  Street  had  steadfastly  assisted  the  growing  east- 



end  movement  with  both  men  and  money,  and  about  one-third  of  the  preacher's 
salary  had  been  supplied  from  that  source.  At  a  remarkable  meeting  held  in 
the  Alice  Street  Church,  to  consider  the  advisability  of  erecting  a  suitable  and 
permanent  structure  in  the  East  End,  no  less  than  $7,000  was  subscribed.  Robert 
Walker  $500,  Mrs.  Robert  Walker  $500,  Irving  Walker  $500,  John  Walker  $500, 
Thomas  Thompson  $500,  Daniel  McLean  $500,  Mrs.  McLean  $100,  George  Cox 
$500,  John  Bugg  $500,  John  Briggs  $150,  John  Barren  $200,  and  William  Smith 
$150,  were  the  principal  subscribers,  and  their  liberal  donations  made  the 
erection  of  the  new  edifice  an  easy  matter. 

The  church  is  built  in  Gothic  style  in  the  Early  English  period,  and  is  faced 
with  red  brick,  having  white  brick  bands  and  dressings.  The  building  is  70 
feet  long  and  45  feet  wide.  When  required  an  addition  was  built  at  the  rear  of 
the  church  to  accommodate  the  choir  behind  the  pulpit,  and  to  give  increased 
vestry  and  class-room  accommodation.  The  basement,  which  is  but  a  few  steps 
below  the  street  level,  with  a  ceiling  eleven  feet  high,  is  devoted  to  the  lecture 
or  school-room,  and  the  class-rooms  and  vestry. 

From  the  same  room  that  gives  access  to  the  lecture-room  the  stairs  ascend  on 
either  side  to  the  audience- room;  this  arrangement  is  found  to  be  convenient  and 
comfortable,  as  but  few  steps  are  exposed  to  the  weather;  over  these  stairs  are 
those  to  the  gallery.  The  audience-room  has  a  ceiling  30  feet  high,  and  it  will 
accommodate  330  persons  in  the  pews,  and  the  gallery  about  90,  making  a  total 
of  420,  while  on  crowded  occasions  it  will  hold  nearly  600 ;  the  gallery  extends 
across  the  front  end  only.  The  basement  will  hold  about  300,  and  the  building 
is  warmed  by  heaters  placed  therein.  The  total  cost  amounted  to  $9,000.  The 
architects  were  Messrs.  Langley,  Langlpy  &  Burke.  Mr.  Galley,  the  contractor, 
did  the  brick  work,  and  Mr.  Smith  the  carpentering. 

The  original  building  was  turned  into  three  comfortable  dwelling-houses,  which 
stand  to-day  on  Oak  Street,  easterly  from  the  church. 

The  first  trustees  were :  Thomas  Thompson,  John  Barren,  Samuel  Mutton, 
William  Smith,  Robert  Walker  and  Rev.  Henry  Harris. 

In  the  month  of  November,  1871,  during  the  progress  of  one  of  the  greatest 
storms  from  which  Toronto  has  ever  suffered  and  which  is  yet  vividly  and 
distinctly  remembered  by  old  inhabitants,  the  belfry  of  the  church  was  blown 
down.  It  crashed  through  the  roof  and  hurled  a  mass  of  brick  and  mortar 


through  the  flooring  into  the  basement.  A  great  deal  of  damage  was  done,  the 
organ  was  completely  destroyed,  and  it  cost  some  $2,000  to  repair  the  church. 

The  next  pastor  after  Mr.  Harris  was  Mr.  Goodman.  For  three  years  he 
ministered  to  the  spiritual  necessities  of  the  congregation  and  gained  for  him 
self  the  love  and  esteem  of  all. 

The  Rev.  George  Woods  spent  a  term  of  three  years  and  then  gave  way  to 
the  Rev.  Dr.  Edgar,  who  was  held  in  such  universal  love  that  for  five  years  he 
was  retained  as  pastor. 

The  Rev.  Thomas  Sims,  who  afterwards  went  over  to  the  Congregationalists 
and  finally  succeeded  the  Rev.  Dr.  Wyld  in  charge  of  Bond  Street  Church,  be 
came  the  next  pastor,  and  for  four  years  attended  to  the  interests  of  the  congre 

The  Rev.  Dr.  S.  P.  Rose  was  his  successor  and  their  first  pastor  after  the  gen 
eral  union  of  Methodism.  After  two  years  he  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  A.  C. 
Courtice,  now  the  Editor  of  the  Christian  Guardian.  After  him  Mr.  Bishop 
spent  a  term  of  three  years,  and  was  followed  by  Mr.  Crews,  who  likewise  re 
mained  for  the  same  length  of  time.  He  is  now  the  organizer  of  Epworth 
Leagues  throughout  the  Dominion.  He  preceded  Mr.  Emory,  the  pastor,  in  1898. 

Parliament  Street  Church  has  been  distinguished  throughout  its  entire  exist 
ence  by  the  warm  and  leal-heartedness  of  its  members.  It  has  ever  been  true  to 
the  primary  purpose  of  all  church  organizations,  and  its  endeavors  to  evangelize 
and  its  zealous  missionary  spirit  have  placed  it  in  its  present  favorable  position, 
and  has  ensured  the  democratic  method  of  no  rented  pews.  Its  present  member 
ship  is  380.  The  average  attendance  of  scholars  in  its  Sunday  School  mounts  up 
to  475. 

Its  officers  are : 

Trustees— R.  J.  Fleming,  R.  I.  Walker  Estate,  A.  J.  Brown,  B.  Brick,  J.  C. 
Robertson,  G.  M.  Miller,  H.  C.  Hocken. 

Class-Leaders — Robert  Franks,  A.  J.  Brown,  H.  C.  Hocken,  J.  W.  Thompson, 
Robt.  H.  Self,  and  the  Pastor. 

Stewards — J.  C.  Robertson,  B.  Brick,  H.  G.  Cook,  John  Seccombe,  J.  A.  Hill 
Dr.  Bray,  A.  J.  Hutchison. 

Society  Representatives — Wm.  Fox,  sr.,  F.  S.  Spence,  W.  J.  Gilbert,  Jas.  Sim- 
son,  Frank  Swallow,  W.  N.  Miller,  T.  C.  Hutchinson. 

212  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

Local  Preachers— R.  H.  South,  Thos.  Cooper,  M.  C.  Snider. 
Geo.  Phillips,  President  of  Epworth  League. 
JBenj.  Brick,  Treasurer. 
J.  B.  Hutchinson,  Recording  Steward. 

Ushers — H.  G.  Cook,  Mr.  Hutchinson,  Benj.  Brick,  Mr.  Miller. 
H.  C.  Hocken,  Superintendent  of  Sunday  School. 
A.  J.  Brown,  Honorary  Superintendent. 
Mr.  Brock,  Bible- Class  Superintendent. 

Herbert  Duffett,  Secretary -Treasurer.     For  twenty  years  he  has  been  leader 
of  the  choir.     He  started  to  attend  Sunday  School  when  a  boy. 

R,.  H.  Self  Librarian  ;  Messrs.  Williamson  and  Coulter,  Assistant  Librarians. 

Wood-Green  Church.    (Opp.  p.  21H». 


Wbodgreen  Church, 

ILL1AM  BARRETT,  the  Colborne  Street  merchant,  from  the  North 
of  Ireland,  was  the  originator  of  the  cause  of  Methodism  that 
subsequently  developed  into  Woodgreen  Tabernacle.  He  was 
born  in  the  Emerald  Isle  of  staunch  Methodist  parentage,  and 
every  Sunday  morning  in  their  home  divine  service  and  class  meetings 
were  held,  conducted  by  a  member  of  the  family. 
Subsequently  when  he  left  Ireland  to  seek  his  fortune  in  the  new  continent, 
he  continued  true  to  Methodism  and  his  early  training,  and  became  a  member 
of  the  Queen  Street  West  Wesleyan  Church.  After  a  short  time,  however,  he 
removed  east  of  the  Don  River,  and  as  there  was  no  Methodist  place  of  worship 
within  convenient  distance,  he  attended  the  services  of  the  Presbyterian  Mission, 
which  were  held  in  a  little  clap-boarded,  frame  edifice  standing  on  the  south 
side  of  Queen  Street,  a  little  east  of  the  River  Don,  where  the  old  baseball 
^rounds  are  now  located.  It  was  a  very  small  building  of  no  architectural  pre 
tensions,  facing  towards  the  north.  A  little  porch  surmounted  its  solitary 
entrance — over  which  when  the  Methodists  subsequently  secured  it — a  notice 
board  bore  the  words  :  "  Wesleyan  Methodist  Chapel."  No  paint  adorned  it,  no 
fence  surrounded  it.  The  foundation  it  rested  upon  was  composed  of  cedar 
posts,  and  on  stormy  days  and  nights  the  winds  howled  and  whistled  underneath 
with  eerie  shrieks  and  cries. 

The  pulpit  was  supplied  at  the  time  by  students  from  Knox  College,  and  its 
management  chiefly  devolved  upon  Mr.  Hudson,  a  builder,  residing  on  Munro 
Street,  who  was  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School.  Here  Mr.  Barrett  and 
Mr.  John  Hunt,  a  genial,  kindly  and  upright  man,  and  Mr.  Redford,  a  bailiff,  all 
three  Methodists,  taught  classes  of  boys  and  girls. 

It  so  happened  that  early  in  the  year  1872,  Mr.  Hudson  fell  ill,  and  the 
management  of  the  little  mission  fell  into  the  hands  of  Messrs.  Barrett,  Hunt  and 
Redford,  who  secured  Emerson  Coats  worth,  the  city  commissioner;  Mr.  Hobson  ; 
Mr.  James,  a  King  Street  merchant ;  Mr.  James  Brandon,  who  then  conducted 




a  wholesale  dry  goods  business  in  the  iron  block  on  Front  Street,  west  of  the 
present  Bank  of  Montreal,  and  other  local  preachers  from  the  Methodist 
Churches,  to  conduct  the  services. 

When  Mr.  Hudson  recovered  and  became  aware  that  Arminianism  had  been 
preached  from  the  pulpit  of  a  Presbyterian  Church,  he  declined  any  further  to 
lend  the  building. 

Then  for  a  space  of  two  months  or  more  meetings  were  held  alternately  in  the 
homes  of  Mr.  Barrett,  Mr.  Hunt,  and  others.  At  the  end  of  that  time  the  former, 
who  had,  in  the  meantime,  been  diligently  at  work  securing  subscriptions  for 
the  erection  of  a  new  chapel,  purchased  from  Daniel  Lamb,  the  alderman,  a  lot 
of  land  on  the  west  side  of  Munro  Street,  a  few  yards  south  of  Paul  Street 
which  was  not  then  opened  out,  paying  him  five  dollars  a  foot  therefor,  and 
immediately  placed  with  Mr.  Lochead,  the  builder,  residing  on  River  Street,  the 
contract  for  the  erection  of  a  small  chapel. 

He  then  purchased  from  Mr.  Smith  for  the  sum  of  $100,  the  little  Queen 
Street  edifice  described,  where  the  Presbyterians  worshipped,  from  which  he  and 
the  Methodists  had  been  ejected,  and  it  was  used  for  some  months  as  a  temporary 
place  of  worship  while  the  building  on  Munro  Street  was  in  course  of  erection. 

The  pulpit  was  filled  by  local  preachers,  to  secure  whom  Mr.  Barrett,  on  Satur 
day  afternoons,  would  hitch  up  his  horse  and  drive  throughout  the  city.     On  the 
following  day  the  preacher  would  dine  at  his  hospitable  table. 
The  first  regularly  appointed  pastor  was  Mr.  Chambers. 

In  March  of  1873  the  new  chapel  on  Munro  Street  was  opened.  It  was  a 
frame  building,  of  weather-beaten  boards,  and  with  a  seating  capacity  of  four 
hundred.  Its  cost  was  $400,  and  William  Barrett  secured  the  whole  amount  per 
sonally.  Its  pews  were  plain  chair  benches,  received  from  Mr.  Cox,  the  superin- 
dent  of  Queen  Street  Methodist  Sunday  School,  which  church  had  lately  been 
rebuilt  and  refitted,  and  the  seats  had  been  discarded  in  the  renovation.  The 
pulpit  also  had  at  one  time  graced  the  Queen  Street  Church,  and  now  also  was 

The  venerable  Dr.  Carroll  succeeded  Mr.  Chambers.  He  was  then  superan 
nuated,  but  continued  in  active  work  until  he  died,  during  the  erection  of  Hope 
Church  in  East  Toronto.  It  is  said  that  his  death  was  brought  about  by  over- 
exertion  in  carrying  and  handling  lumber  during  the  time  that  church  was  being 


built.      Old  residents  in  the  East  End  still  remember  him — he  lived  on   the 

south  side  of  Queen  Street,  between  Broadview  Avenue  and  Strange  Street and 

speak  with  warmth  of  his  kindly  manners  and  nature.  The  Munro  Street 
church  was  in  use  for  some  two  years  when  Dr.  Carroll  secured  an  advan 
tageous  offer  for  it,  and  the  land  was  sold  to  Mr.  Redford.  For  some  time  after 
wards  it  was  used  as  an  Orange  hall,  but  it  has  since  been  converted  into  the 
dwelling  houses  situated  at  the  north-west  corner  of  the  first  lane  north  of 
Matilda  Street  on  Munro  Street. 

The  congregation  thereupon  returned  to  the  little  chapel  on  Queen  Street, 
which  they  had  vacated.  Here  the  attendance  was  very  small,  averaging  twenty- 
five  people,  and  sometimes  even  less.  The  collections  ranged  all  the  way  from 
$1.50  to  $2.50.  Here  William  Beall  was  choir  leader,  Miss  Booth  the  organist,  and 
among  the  members  of  the  choir  were  James  Adams,  the  shoe  merchant;  Thomas 
Davis,  the  ice  dealer,  and  John  Lanison.  Robert  Hunt  was  superintendent  of 
the  Sunday  School,  Mr.  Rutledge  or  Mr.  Hunt  led  a  class,  while  upon  James 
Adams,  who  was  treasurer,  devolved  the  arduous  duties  of  handling  the  collec 
tions.  Here  they  remained  almost  a  year,  and,  although  Methodism  never  pros 
pered  in  the  East  End  until  the  new  church  was  built,  the  " old  guard "  who 
faithfully  followed  its  fortunes  through  weal  and  woe  until  the  dawn  of  brighter 


days,  now  look  back  in  reminiscence  to  those  early  times,  saying,  "  Surely  God 
was  with  us." 

It  had  been  conceded  for  some  time  by  the  Wood-Green  congregation  that  a 
new  church  was  a  pressing  necessity,  and  at  a  meeting  of  the  trust  board,  held 
on  the  15th  day  of  May,  1875,  composed  of  Emerson  Coatsworth,  sr.,  James 
Adams,  Thomas  Davis,  Mr.  Barchard,  the  trunk  manufacturer  of  Duke  street : 
Mr.  Withrow,  of  the  firm  of  Withrow  &  Hillock,  and  Dr.  Carroll.  The  latter 
presented  them  with  a  deed  of  the  lot  at  the  corner  of  Leslie  and  Queen  Streets, 
which  he  had  purchased  from  Mr.  George  Leslie,  paying  $12  a  foot  for  a  frontage 
of  some  seventy  feet. 

At  this  time  Toronto  Methodism  was  agitated  by  a  plan  for  church  extension 
by  which  the  outlying  sections  of  the  city  were  to  receive  assistance  from  the 
general  connexional  funds  for  the  erection  of  suitable  chapels.  Dr.  Carroll  was 
to  receive  three  thousand  dollars  for  the  erection  of  a  chapel  in  the  eastern  sub 
urb,  but  through  the  failure  of  the  scheme  only  some  $300  materialized. 


Under  the  expectation,  however,  of  the  sum  promised,  the  erection  of  Wood- 
green  was  proceeded  with.  Upon  the  3rd  day  of  August,  at  3  o'clock  in  the 
afternoon,  the  late  Senator  Macdonald  laid  the  corner  stone,  and  on  the  17th  day 
of  October,  1875,  the  church  was  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God,  the  two  serv 
ices  of  the  opening  day  being  conducted  by  Rev.  Dr.  Enoch  Wood  and  Rev. 
Dr.  Green,  and  from  the  combination  of  their  names  it  received  its  name  "  Wood- 

Dr.  Enoch  Wood  was  then  President  of  the  Toronto  Annual  Conference.  He 
was  born  on  the  12th  day  of  January,  1804,  in  Gainsborough,  Lincolnshire,  Eng 
land,  in  the  same  county  which  claims  the  Wesleys  as  its  sons.  In  early  years  he 
became  a  local  Wesleyan  preacher  and  studied  for  the  ministry.  As  soon  as  ordain 
ed  he  was  sent  as  a  missionary  to  the  Islands  of  St.  Kitts  and  Montserrat  in  the 
West  Indies.  Two  years  he  spent  in  Miramichi,  New  Brunswick,  and  so  much  was 
he  held  in  regard  by  the  eastern  people  that  for  sixteen  years  he  was  retained  in  the 
two  cities  of  Fredericton  and  St.  John — in  which  city  through  his  efforts  the 
Centenary  Church  was  built — acting  as  chairman  of  his  district  for  many  years. 
Upon  the  restoration  of  the  union  he  was  appointed  Superintendent  of  Missions 
in  Canada  West,  and  three  years  later  he  succeeded  Dr.  Richey  as  President  of 
the  Canada  Conference,  a  position  he  occupied  for  seven  years.  He  afterwards 
was  elected  President  in  the  Canada  connexion  and  after  the  general  union  he 
became  first  President  of  the  Toronto  Annual  Conference,  which  position  he  oc 
cupied  when  he  officiated  at  the  dedication  of  Woodgreen  Church.  He  was  one 
of  the  most  gifted  men  in  Canadian  Methodism,  and  although  timid  and  retiring, 
his  gifts,  talents  and  character,  combined  with  the  genialitjr  of  his  cheerful  dis 
position  and  unwearied  industry,  forced  him  into  the  foremost  rank.  He  was 
the  father  of  the  first  mission  to  British  Columbia,  and  one  of  the  most  ardent 
champions  for  the  general  union  of  Methodism. 

The  church  which  he  now  dedicated  was  a  comfortable  but  small  structure 
of  solid  brick  facing  northward  towards  Queen  Street,  and  erected  at  a  cost  of 
about  $2,000.  It  stood  a  little  removed  from  Queen  Street,  at  the  corner  of 
Strange  Street,  and  around  it  a  picket  fence,  neatly  painted  white,  was  built.  A 
row  of  poplar  trees,  planted  by  the  pastor,  Dr.  Carroll,  extended  down  the  east 
ern  side.  They  stood  there  for  many  years,  but  were  finally  cut  down  when,  hav 
ing  grown  to  an  unexpected  size,  they  excluded  the  light.  A  low  platform  ex- 


tended  across  the  front,  and  was  reached  by  a  slat  walk  from  Queen  Street.  Two 
windows  with  frosted  panes,  one  on  either  side  of  the  main  entrance,  gave  the 
church  a  school-like  appearance,  which  was  further  heightened  by  a  small  bel- 
frey,  surmounting  the  incline  roof,  wherein  was  a  bell,  the  rope  of  which 
hung  in  the  vestibule. 

The  choir  occupied  a  raised  platform  at  the  northern  end  of  the  interior  of 
the  church,  and  in  the  old-fashioned  manner  faced  the  pulpit  behind  the 
congregation.  The  small  cabinet  organ  which  they  used  is  now  in  the  Sunday- 

There  was  no  gallery,  and  the  entire  seating  capacity  of  the  little  church  would 
be  severely  taxed  by  two  hundred  and  fifty  people. 

The  pulpit  was  a  plain  reading  desk ;  the  seats  were  fitted  with  reversible 
backs,  suited  for  purposes  of  Sunday-School. 

The  first  trustees  of  this  new  church  were  Rev.  John  Carroll,  Chairman  of 
the  Board;  E.  Coatsworth,  sr.,  the  late  Mr.  Barchard,  James  Adams,  John  C. 
Graham,  the  ice  merchant ;  Robert  Hunt,  now  deceased  ;  Thomas  Davis  and 
John  Lanison,  the  builder. 

Robert  Hunt  was  the  first  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  and 
James  Adams  succeeded  him,  but  again  Mr.  Hunt  occupied  the  position  for  a 
time.  Mr.  Jenkinson,  a  clerk  in  the  Immigration  Department,  then  became 
its  superintendent,  and  has  since  continuously  occupied  that  responsible  oflice, 
excepting  for  the  period  of  a  year,  when  the  late  Rev.  Mr.  Auld  filled  the 

After  Rev.  Dr.  Carroll,  the  Rev.  Chas.  Langford  became  the  pastor.  The 
Rev.  J.  S.  Sanderson  succeeding  him  remained  a  year,  and  Rev.  Thos.  M.  Camp 
bell  took  his  place.  After  him,  Rev.  J.  M.  Wilkinson  and  Rev.  W.  S.  Blackstock 
followed,  when  Rev.  Charles  Langford  returned  and  spent  three  years  in  pas 
toral  work. 

During  his  term  the  cause  prospered  mightily,  and  the  growth  of  the  con 
gregation  necessitated  the  erection  of  a  wing  at  the  south  end  of  the  church,  by 
which  enlargement  five  hundred  people  could  be  comfortably  seated.  After  Mr. 
Langford  succeeded  the  Rev.  W.  F.  Wilson,  a  gifted  speaker  of  great  eloquence' 

During  his  term  the  new  modern  Woodgreen  Church  was  built  at  a  cost  of 
about  $18,000,  and  re-opened  in  December  of  1889.  It  is  a  commmodious  mod- 


ern  church  with  sloping  floor,  comfortable  pews,  stained  glass  cathedral  windows, 
and  a  circling  gallery.     It  has  seating  capacity  for  one  thousand  people. 

The  church  possesses  a  membership  numbering  about  four  hundred  and  fifty, 
while  five  or  six  hundred  scholars  attend  the  Sunday  School.  The  class  leaders 
are  Joseph  Hilton,  James  Adams,  Henry  Radcliffe,  William  Fitzgerald,  Arthur 
Carscadden,  and  Mrs.  Bellamy.  Mr.  Percy  Love  is  President  of  the  Epworth 
League,  and  James  Adams,  Dr.  Butler,  and  Henry  Butcher  are  Bible  Class  teach 
ers  in  the  Sunday  School.  The  present  Board  of  Trustees  are  :  James  Adams, 
Mr.  Jenkinson,  Sergeant  Hales,  Mr.  Grinnell,  W.  Fitzgerald,  J.  C.  Graham, 
Joseph  Hilton,  Joseph  Pinder,  Henry  Worthing,  Mr.  Woodcock,  Thomas  Davis, 
George  Hogarth,  B.  M.  Cherry,  W.  T  Stewart,  J.  J.  Withrow,  E.  Coatsworth 
and  Charles  Graham. 

After  Rev.  W.  F.  Wilson,  the  Rev.  R.  N.  .Burns,  now  of  Orillia,  occupied  the 
pulpit,  and  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  W.  J.  Barkwell,  afterwards  of  New  Rich 
mond  Church.     The  Rev.  L.  W.  Hill  is  the  present  pastor.     (1899.) 


Trinity  Church   (Originally  Known  as  the  Western  Church.) 


[OME  of  Toronto's  merchant  princes  and  most  successful  business  men 
were  instrumental  in  the  inception  of  this  church,  and  the  mar 
vellous  rapidity  of  its  growth  has  proved  the  wisdom  of  their  action. 
At  a  meeting  held  on  the  evening  of  the  12th  day  of  May,  in  the 
rear  1887,  at  the  residence  of  Mr.  Gage,  a  small  gathering  of  Methodists 
prominent  in  business  circles  assembled  to  discuss  the  advisability  of  missionary 
work  in  the  north-western  suburbs. 

Among  those  present  were  Timothy  Eaton,  W.  J.  Gage,  B.  Westwood  and  M. 
Langmuir,  and  it  was  decided  to  organize  without  delay. 

The  property  on  the  south  side  of  Bloor  Street  between  Major  and  Robert 
Streets,  with  a  frontage  of  one  hundred  and  ninety-eight  feet,  was  purchased,  and 
a  rented  tent  was  erected  on  the  identical  site  of  the  present  magnificent  Sunday 
school  structure.  This  tent  would  hold  probably  four  hundred  people,  and  was 
well  illuminated  by  gas. 

The  opening  service  was  held  on  June  12th,  1887,  the  late  Rev.  T.  W.  Jeffrey 
preached  the  first  sermon.  He  was  appointed  pastor  of  the  new  movement,  and 
his  eloquent  preaching  and  industrious  pastoral  work  ensured  success  from  the 

It  was  almost  immediately  decided  that  the  tent  should  be  replaced  by  a  per 
manent  structure,  and  a  wooden  building — the  original  dimensions  of  which 
when  first  proposed  were  25  by  70,  but  which  was  when  built  of  a  considerably 
larger  size — was  begun. 

On  July  10th  of  the  same  year  this  church  was  opened.  It  was  a  long,  low 
wooden  structure  of  no  architectural  pretensions,  with  a  platform  in  one  corner, 
whereon  the  choir  as  well  as  the  pulpit  was  located,  capable  of  seating  five  hun 
dred  people.  The  original  trustees,  elected  April  18th,  1888,  were  T.  Eaton, 
W.  J.  Gage,  C.  R.  S.  Dinnick,  G.  A.  Walton,  H.  Burden,  J.  J.  Crabbe,  Jas  Lydi- 
atte,  R.  Philp,  M.  Guy,  M.  Paul  and  Mr.  Perkins.  Mr.  McNally  was  appointed 
leader  of  the  choir  and  organist  as  well. 



The  growth  of  the  Sunday  school  has  been  phenomenal.  It  started  on  the  day 
the  tent  was  opened,  on  the  12th  of  June,  with  only  twenty  scholars  in  attend 
ance.  Mr.  Westwood  became  first  superintendent,  but  after  some  12  months  he 
was  succeeded  by  Mr.  J.  J.  Crabbe,  of  the  Evening  Star,  who  filled  this  respons 
ible  position  for  five  years.  Under  him  the  school  grew  rapidly,  and  to-day  an 
average  attendance  of  over  five  hundred  scholars  and  teachers,  and  the  possession 
of  one  of  the  finest  Sunday  school  buildings  in  the  Dominion,  90  feet  by  90  feet, 
and  built  upon  the  cantilever  principle,  and  stone  throughout,  marks  an  era  of 
progress  which  may  truthfully  be  termed  phenomenal.  Mr.  Ambrose  Kent,  the 
jeweller,  is  the  present  superintendent. 

The  Rev.  T.  W.  Jeffrey,  after  twelve  months'  time  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev. 
Hugh  Johnston,  who  relinquished  the  pastorate  of  old  Queen  Street  Church  to 
assist  the  opening  movement  which  was  now  passing  through  a  critical  period  of 


Durino-  his  time  the  wooden  church  proved  utterly  insufficient  to  accommo 
date  the  growing  congregation  and  steps  were  taken  to  secure  a  better  building. 
These  efforts  resulted  in  the  erection  of  the  present  magnificent  structure, 
at  the  cost  of  $130,000,  which  ranks  among  the  finest  architectural  achieve 
ments  which  the  City  of  Churches  can  claim. 

Senator  John  Macdonald,  whose  services  on  similar  occasions  were  in  frequent 
demand,  performed  the  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner  stone. 

The  edifice  is  of  Romanesque  design  and  is  built  of  grey  Credit  Valley  stone, 
trimmed  with  brown  stone.  The  tower  is  located  at  the  north-east  corner  at 
the  intersection  of  the  streets,  and  rises  to  a  height  of  thirty-seven  feet  higher  than 
the  walls,  capped  with  a  spire,  covered  with  red  tiles,  reaching  a  total  altitude  of 

115  feet. 

The  principal  entrances  are  through  this  tower,  a  doorway  facing  each  street, 
while  another  entrance  opens  from  the  dwarf  tower  on  the  south-east  corner 
facing  Robert  Street;  besides  which  there  are  additional  entrances  at  the 

westerly  end. 

The  building  is  practically  square.  The  roof  is  capped  with  a  lantern  forty 
feet  square,  having  windows  on  all  sides  which  serve  both  for  light  and  venti 
lation.  The  front  and  sides  are  broken  by  a  vestibule  and  transept  respectively, 
and  the  rear  with  a  large  organ  recess,  relieving  the  square  and  otherwise  flat 
wall  surfaces. 


The  auditorium  is  seventy-eight  feet  square ;  transepts  project  five  feet  on 
each  side,  and  the  vestibule  nineteen  feet  in  front,  giving  the  extreme  internal 
dimensions  88  feet  by  97  feet. 

The  vestibule  is  very  commodious  and  can  be  used  on  special  occasions  as  an 
apex  to  the  auditorium,  being  divided  from  the  latter  by  a  glazed  screen,  having 
sliding  sashes,  which  can  be  lowered  out  of  sight  at  will. 

The  roof  is  in  one  span  covering  the  seventy-eight  feet,  without  the  support 
of  columns,  permitting  an  uninterrupted  view  of  the  speaker.  The  ceiling  is  of 
barrel  arch  form  intersecting  with  the  lantern  before  mentioned,  which  has  an 
inner  ceiling  of  stained  glass  which  can  be  artificially  illuminated  at  night. 

The  gallery  occupies  the  east  end  and  north  and  south  sides,  and  extends 
over  the  vestibule  and  transepts  giving  large  accommodation.  The  total  seating 
capacity  is  about  1700,  while  500  more  can  be  seated  on  special  occasions  by 
the  use  of  draw  seats  and  camp  chairs.  The  heating  and  ventilation  is  by  the 
Smead-Dowd  system,  and  the  lighting  is  accomplished  by  handsome  brass  chan 

The  preliminary  sermon  previous  to  the  dedication  was  preached  on  Friday 
evening,  the  5th  of  April,  1889.  A  large  audience  attended.  The  opening  hymn 
was  given  out  by  the  pastor,  Mr.  Johnston,  who  also  offered  the  opening  suppli 
cation  The  lesson,  read  by  Rev.  Le  Roy  Hooker,  was  the  prayer  of  Solomon  at 
the  dedication  of  the  temple. 

The  choir,  consisting  of  forty  voices,  rendered  an  anthem,  and  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Potts,  reading  the  second  lesson,  selected  the  10th  chapter  of  Hebrews,  where 
Paul  exhorts  the  converts  to  hold  fast  the  faith  with  patience  and  thanks 

Dr.  Stafford  then  preached  an  eloquent  sermon,  choosing  for  his  text  the  2tth 
verse  of  the  third  chapter  of  Genesis  : 

"  And  he  placed  in  the  east  of  the  Garden  of  Eden  cherubims  and  a  flaming 
sword  which  turned  every  way  to  keep  the  way  of  the  tree  of  life." 

On  the  following  Sunday  the  opening  services  were  begun.  In  the  morning 
and  afternoon  the  Rev.  Dr.  John  B.  Newman,  Bishop  of  the  Methodist  Episco 
pal  Church  of  the  United  States,  occupied  the  pulpit. 

Rev.  Dr.  Williams,  then  superintendent,  was  to  have  preached  the  dedicatory 
sermon  in  the  evening,  but  illness  prevented  him  from  so  doing  and  the  Rev. 
Dr.  Dewart  took  his  place. 

2.22  THE   HISTORY   OF  THE 

The  subscription  list  for  the  day  was  a  revelation  of  the  loyalty  of  the  congre 
gation.  No  less  than  $21,500  was  given.  The  principal  donations  were : 

R.  Philp  $2,500     Rev.  J.  F.  Medcalfe $fiOO 

C.  R.  S.  Dinnick 2,500     Robt.  Vaughan 500 

W.  J.  Gage  1,000     Geo.  H.  Smith 500 

T.  Eaton 1,000     E.  Y.  Eaton 500 

Henry  Burden .    1,000     T.  A.  Greydon 500 

T.E.Perkins 1,000     W.  W.  Belding  500 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  A.  Kent 1,000 

And  numerous  other  sums  from  8200  downwards. 

The  Ladies'  Furnishing  Association  guaranteed  $2,000,  and  the  young  Peo 
ple's  Association  guaranteed  $850  for  payment  of  the  vocalion. 

It  was  proposed  by  the  pastor  to  change  the  name  "  Western  Methodist," 
which  it  had  hitherto  borne,  to  Trinity  Methodist  Church,  which  was  done,  and 
it  is  now  known  by  the  latter  name. 

Mr.  Johnston  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  J.  F.  Ockley,  and  this  pastor  occu 
pied  the  pulpit  for  three  years.     After  him  the  Rev.  W.  F.  Wilson  followed,  and 
his  powerful  preaching  and  ornate  oratory  drew  a  large  congregation. 
The  present  pastor,  Dr.  I.  Tovell,  succeeded  him. 

The  present  Trustee  Board  is  composed  of  Messrs.  Eaton,  Gage,  Dinnick, 
Crabbe,  Perkins,  Guy,  Lloyd,  G.  H.  Smith,  A.  Kent,  R.  Philp,  W.  W.  Belding, 
R.  C.  Vaughan,  R  A.  Greydon,  E.  H.  Hilborn  and  W.  P.  Page. 


King  St.   East   and   Gerrard    St.   Churches. 


|p  ING  STREET  Church  owes  its  origin  to  the  missionary  efforts  of  the 
Primitive  Methodists,  whose  early  zeal  and  endeavor  in  Toronto 
form  an  interesting  feature  of  its  religious  history. 

In  the  year  1865  the  Rev  John  Goodman,  who  was  then  pastor 
of  Parliament  Street  Church,  preached  upon  the  green  at  the  cor 
ner  of  King  and  Sumach  Streets.  A  coal  and  wood  yard  is  now 
located  there.  It  was  in  the  forenoon  of  a  beautiful  summer  day,  and  a  number 
of  the  residents  gathered  around  him  as  he  preached  the  Gospel. 

He  anxiously  desired  to  see  the  establishment  of  a  place  of  worship  in  the 
locality,  and  shortly  afterwards,  in  company  with  William  Smith,  who  carried 
on  business  at  the  corner  of  Duke  and  Parliament  Streets,  he  made  a  tour  of  the 

They  rented  a  frame  house  on  the  north  side  of  King  Street— a  little  east  of 
Sumach— from  a  Mrs.  Quigley.  It  needed  shingling,  so  they  shingled  it,  its 
solitary  interior  partition  they  tore  down  and  fitted  it  up  for  worship.  Here  for 
the  space  of  twelve  months  or  more  a  small  company  of  Christian  people  met  to 
worship  God.  Once  every  Sabbath  they  held  a  service  and  instituted  a  Sunday 
School.  Charles  Thompson,  then  a  member  of  Parliament  Street  Church,  became 
its  superintendent.  Samuel  Virgin,  now  of  501  King  Street  East,  and  the  only 
member  of  this  company  of  earnest  Christian  workers  who  is  still  alive,  taught 
a  class,  as  also  did  Thomas  Webster,  who  worked  in  the  Rolling  Mills— removed 
many  years  ago  ;  William  Reed,  a  box  maker ;  and  William  Cowser,  an  employee 
of  Edward  Davis. 

Edward  Davis,  an  attendant  at  Trinity  Episcopal  Church,  threw  in  his 
fortunes  with  the  little  cause.  His  duties  were  to  play  the  melodeon,  which  he 
faithfully  performed  for  some  years,  when  he  took  sick  and  died.  The  member 
ship  of  the  school  would  perhaps  number  twenty  scholars  at  its  beginning. 

Class  meetings  were  held  on  Tuesday  evenings  in  the  home  of  Isaac  Hutchin- 
son.  He  was  a  blacksmith  by  trade,  and  carried  on  business  on  Duke  Street. 



He  lived  at  this  time  in  a  place  called  Hookaway's  yard,  in  the  second  house  of 
the  first  row  on  the  right  hand  side  of  Sumach  Street  north  from  King  Street, 
and  standing  some  distance  back  from  the  street. 

For  a  short  while  Mr.  Goodman  attended  to  the  spiritual  wants  of  the 
little  congregation.  It  grew  rapidly  until  the  frame  house  could  not  contain  the 
people.  Mr.  Goodman  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Geo.  Lewis,  then  a  young  man 
lately  ordained. 

At  this  time  a  church  had  been  built  by  the  late  John  Bugg,  and  had  been 
presented  to  the  colored  people  of  St.  John's  Ward  on  certain  conditions.  It 
stood  upon  Teraulay  Street  for  some  time,  but  as  the  conditions  were  unfilled 
Mr.  Bugg  took  back  the  building  and  presented  it  to  the  King  Street  Mission. 

Upon  the  reception  of  this  gift  a  Trustee  Board  was  appointed  with  the  fol 
lowing  membership  : — 

Samuel  Virgin,  William  Reed,  James  Green,  I«aac  Hutchinson,  Robert  Walker, 
John  Bugg  and  Charles  Thompson.  All  have  since  passed  into  the  great  beyond, 
save  Samuel  Virgin,  the  patriarch  of  the  church.  (January  1899.) 

The  land  at  the  corner  of  King  and  Bright  Streets  was  presented  by  Robert 
Robert,  a  leading  member  of  the  Primitive  Methodists. 

The  church  was  sawn  in  two,  and  there  is  still  to  be  seen  the  marks  where  it 
was  disjointed,  and  transported  to  its  present  site.  It  was  placed  upon  trucks 
resting  upon  wide  wheels,  which  in  turn  ran  upon  wider  planks,  and  the  trans 
porting  was  done  by  Wardell  Bros. 

Having  been  removed  and  placed  in  position  it  was  opened  for  Divine  worship 
in  1866.  It  was  placed  upon  the  same  circuit  in  connection  with  Parliament 
Street  and  Don  Mills  Church,  which  had  been  previously  established. 

The  Rev.  George  Lewis  became  the  first  pastor,  but  before  many  months,  and 
while  upon  a  visit  to  his  own  folk  in  Whitechurch  Township,  he  and  his  brother 
David  and  two  cousins  all  contracted  fever  and  died. 

The  church  itself  was  a  frame  building  with  seats  for  about  three  hundred 
people.  A  gallery  ran  across  the  southern  end  and  here  the  choir  was  located. 
Mr.  Webster  was  their  first  leader ;  Ed.  Davis  was  organist.  Among  the  first 
singers,  Margaret  and  Fanny  Quigley,  Jane  Frame,  Annie  Fairbanks,  William 
Davis,  Wm.  John  Frazer  and  Samuel  Virgin  are  still  remembered.  Abraham 
Harwood  and  Samuel  Virgin  passed  around  the  collection  plates.  Mr.  White  be 
came  the  first  class-leader. 


After  the  Rev.  George  Davis,  the  Rev.  Henry  Harris,  now  deceased,  then  super 
intendent  of  the  circuit,  occupied  the  pulpit  frequently. 

The  work  prospered  and  in  a  short  time  the  church  became  self-sustaining,  and 
was  set  off  as  a  separate  charge.  The  Rev.  J.  F.  Ockley  came  from  the 
Albion  circuit  and  ministered  unto  their  spiritual  wants.  He  was  beloved  and 
held  in  great  regard,  so  much  so  that  for  five  years  he  occupied  the  pulpit. 

During  his  time  the  gallery  was  taken  down,  the  congregation  in  the  mean 
time  worshipping  in  Temperance  Hall  on  Queen  Street,  west  of  Parliament  Street. 
After  him  came  Revs.  Geo.  Robinson,  Albert  Sims,  William  Booth,  James  Dob- 
son  and  John  Bedford,  for  terms  of  one  year  each. 

After  the  union  the  first  pastor  was  Rev.  W.  S.  Blackstock,  who  remained  two 
years.  He  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Canada  Creighton,  who  was  smitten  down  by 
a  stroke  of  paralysis  while  preaching  from  its  pulpit.  Then  Rev.  John  Locke 
succeeded  for  a  five  months'  term,  and  was  in  turn  replaced  by  Rev.  J.  McD. 
Kerr.  The  church  was  then  enlarged  by  the  addition  of  wings  in  the  rear, 
costing  $4,000,  and  ensuring  a  seating  capacity  for  four  hundred  people. 

Great  revivalist  as  was  McD.  Kerr,  his  work  gave  an  impetus  to  the  church  on 
which  his  successor,  Rev.  C.  J.  Dobson,  built.  His  preaching  was  spiritual 
and  up-building.  His  ardor  never  flagged ;  he  was  himself  of  a  kindly,  lov 
able  nature,  and  he  is  remembered  by  the  congregation  as  their  favorite  pas 
tor.  Rev.  Robert  McKee  succeeded  him  and  remained  three  years.  The  present 
pastor,  Rev.  J.  R.  Aikenhead,  has  been  tha  minister  in  charge  for  some  two  years. 
The  present  membership  of  the  church  is  about  130 ;  the  attendance  300.  (Jan 
uary,  1899.) 

The  Sunday  School  contains  some  175  scholars.  Its  superintendents  have  been 
Messrs.  Thompson,  Eraser,  Bradley  and  White.  Mr.  White  has  filled  the  duties 
for  many  years,  and  he  is  deservedly  held  in  high  regard.  (1898.) 

Gerrard  Street  Church. 

A  quiet,  unostentatious  little  church,  which  by  its  very  modesty  in  earnest 
evangelical  endeavor  has  been  all  the  more  successful,  is  Gerrard  Street  Church. 
Its  effective  work  among  the  masses  of  the  people,  its  genuine  regard  for  the 
poor,  has,  perhaps,  pre-eminently  distinguished  it  among  the  city's  churches. 

In  the  year  1879,  Richard  Brown  and  Douglas  Simpson,  who  were  members 


of  Sherbourne  Street  Church,  started  a  Sunday  School  in  a  cottage  on  the  south 
side  of  Gerrard  Street,  some  two  doors  from  Sumach  Street. 

Of  this  school  Mr.  Brown  became  superintendent,  and  it  grew  very  slowly  at 
first.  Undismayed,  however,  they  worked  steadily  on  and  soon  the  harvest  be 
gan  to  appear. 

After  some  two  years  it  was  decided  to  erect  a  church,  and  the  present  site 
was  secured  from  Mr.  Cuff,  for  $1,150,  at  the  rate  of  $25  per  foot. 

Then  the  first  church  was  built  in  1881,  and  cost  $800.  It  was  an  unpreten 
tious,  rough-cast  structure,  which  would  seat  some  two  hundred  and  fifty  peo 
ple.  The  cause  was  greatly  assisted  by  the  Sherbourne  Street  Board,  who  donat 
ed  $200  a  year  toward  the  support  of  the  first  pastor,  Rev.  James  Matheson. 
This  sum  was  reduced  annually  until,  during  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Locke,  the  church  became  entirely  self-supporting. 

The  original  trustees  were  D.  Simpson,  J.  R.  Caldwell,  Geo.  Telford,  D.  Hamilton, 
J.  Whealey,  M.  Dale,  W.  Brown,  D.  Kissock,  G.  Tambling,  J.  S.  Harker,  and  four 

The  first-class  leaders  were  Mr.  Simpson,  Mr.  Stocks  and  Mr.  Shipman,  and 
Richard  Brown  officiated  as  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School. 

Miss  Spence,  sister  of  Alderman  Spence,  led  the  singing  in  the  first  choir,  and 
her  comrades  were  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Casters,  Mary  Roberts,  John  Saker  and  Fanny 

Mr.  Matheson's  first  pastorate  was  a  successful  one  indeed.  He  built  up 
the  struggling  mission  in  a  most  gratifying  manner.  His  earnest  zeal  and  untir 
ing  efforts  during  the  three  years  he  spent  in  Gerrard  Street  Church  are  still 
spoken  of  with  great  approval  by  its  oldest  members.  He  is  now  out  of  active 
work,  residing  on  Huron  Street,  where,  after  a  life  of  busy  effort,  he  rests  in  the 
declining  years  of  his  life. 

He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  J.  Reid,  who  occupied  the  pulpit  for  ten  months, 
the  remaining  two  months  of  the  year  being  supplied  by  students  from  Victoria 

The  Rev.  John  Locke  was  the  next  pastor,  and  for  three  years  he  ministered  to 
a  rapidly  increasing  congregation. 

The  Rev.  Chas.  Manning  succeeded  and  spent  a  term  of  two  years  successfully, 
after  whom  the  Rev.  W.  J.  Bark  well  occupied  the  pulpit.  During  his  pastorate, 


an  addition,  costing  $800,  was  made  to  the  church  of  a  wing  in  the  rear,  whereby 
the  seating  capacity  was  doubled.  After  spending  three  years  in  most  successful 
labor,  especially  among  the  young,  with  whom  he  exerted  a  wide  influence,  Mr. 
Barkwell  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  J.  K.  Adams,  who  likewise  was  retained 
three  years. 

The  high  estimation  in  which  the  latter  minister  was  held  earned  for  him  a 
warm  regard  in  the  hearts  of  his  congregation  which  will  not  die  away. 

Rev.  A.  B.  Chambers  has  occupied  the  pulpit  since,  and  at  present  attends  to 
the  spiritual  needs  of  the  church  (1899.) 

The  Sunday  School,  from  a  very  small  beginning,  has  flourished  with 
marvellous  rapidity  until  it  can  now  claim  a  membership  of  over  four  hundred 
scholars.  Mr.  W.  Simpson,  Inspector  of  the  Bank  of  Commerce,  who  succeeded 
Mr.  Richard  Brown,  officiated  as  superintendent  for  some  twelve  years. 

His  genial  nature,  his  wide  sympathy,  and  his  consecrated  Christian  life  have 
made  him  a  great  blessing  and  help  to  the  school.  Two  years  ago  he  was  suc 
ceeded  by  Mr.  J.  S.  Harker,  who  now  acceptably  and  ably  performs  the  duties  of 
that  responsible  position. 

The  membership  at  present  is  nearly  four  hundred.  The  church  is  unique 
among  city  churches  in  that  it  is  entirely  free  from  debt,  and  in  this  particular  it 
follows  closely  the  teachings  of  Wesley. 

The  present  class-leaders  are  J.  S.  Harker,  C.  H.  C.  Fortner,  Miss  C.  J.  Wallace, 
Mr.  Hall,  and  Mr.  Chambers  the  pastor. 

Joseph  Dale  is  Secretary  of  the  Sunday  School,  and  the  stewards  are  W.  O. 
Littlejohn — the  oldest  steward  and  oldest  member  of  the  church — D.  Hamilton, 
and  Messrs.  Brown,  Whealey  and  Sisterson.  Mr.  Harker  is  a  local  preacher. 


St.  Clarens  Avenue  and  St.  Paul's  Churches. 

HE  earliest  glimmerings  of  Methodism  in  what  is  now  known  as  a 
portion  of  Toronto  City,  then  as  Brockton,  is  connected  with  tha 
woik  of  the  Rev.  George  M.  Brown.  When  but  a  young  man, 
shortly  after  being  received  as  a  local  preacher  and  an  adherent  of 
Elm  Street  Church,  Rev.  Dr.  Elliott,  then  superintendent  of  the  Toronto 
West  Circuit,  who  had  discerned  the  zeal,  earnestness  and  talents  of  the 
young  man,  and  the  sterling  qualities  that  were  destined  to  make  him  one  of 
the  most  industrious  of  pastors,  requested  him  to  go  to  Brockton  and  see  if  an 
appointment  could  be  taken  up. 

At  that  time  Parkdale  had  no  existence,  there  being  only  a  few  houses  west  of 
the  Asylum,  and  Brockton  was  a  hamlet  in  Dundas  Street,  totally  disconnected 
from  the  City,  and  surrounded  by  a  farming  country,  on  part  of  which  the 
primeval  forest  was  still  standing. 

Accordingly  on  Sunday  afternoon  of  the  first  day  of  September  in  the  year 
1861,  an  announcement  having  previously  been  sent  out,  Mr.  Brown,  accom 
panied  by  Mr.  Henry  Matthews,  of  Matthew  Bros.,  Yonge  Street,  held  a  service 
and  preached  in  the  open  air,  where  Mr.  Abbs'  woodyard  is  now  situated. 

Two  weeks  subsequently  he  held  a  service  in  the  open  air  again,  on  the 
opposite  side  of  the  street,  sheltered  on  the  east  side  of  a  house,  now  in  the 
rear  of  Mr.  Thomas  Abbs'  shop. 

The  meetings  were  thereafter  continued  in  the  home  of  Mr.  Abbs,  at  616 
Dundas  Street.  Services  were  held  at  three  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  and  were 
well  attended,  the  house  being  filled.  Here  Mr.  Brown  preached  twice  again, 
but  the  meetings  were  chiefly  conducted  by  local  preachers  from  the  Queen  and 
Richmond  Street  Churches.  Among  those  who  preached  there  were  Mr. 
Woodsworth,  of  Richmond  Street  Church  ;  Isaac  Clare,  a  blacksmith,  whose 
place  of  business  was  next  door  to  the  Queen  Street  Church  ;  Joseph  Emerson, 
who  worked  for  Mr.  George  Cooper,  a  farmer  of  Davenport  Road,  and  Mr. 


St.  Paul's  Church,  Avenue  Road.    «)pp.  p.  £><s.) 


French,  who  at  present  worships  in  Wesley  Church,  a  very  effective  and  earnest 
old-time  local  preacher. 

After  some  three  years  time  Mr.  Abbs  moved  away  to  the  County  of  Haldi- 
mand,  and  the  meetings  broke  up  for  want  of  a  place  of  worship.  Many 
who  had  attended  went  to  the  nearest  churches,  some  to  Davenport  and  some 
even  to  the  Queen  Street  Church. 

Then  for  twenty-two  years  Brockton  Methodism  could  claim  no  place  of 
worship,  but  in  1885,  some  families  combined  and  rented  Brockton  Hall,  and 
held  two  services  daily  and  Sunday  School  in  the  afternoon,  The  services  were 
well  attended,  many  were  converted  under  the  preaching  of  Mr.  French,  whom 
we  have  before  mentioned,  and  who  now  regularly  conducted  the  services  for 
nearly  six  months.  It  was  now  decided  to  erect  a  church  as  many  families 
were  compelled  to  go  a  long  distance  to  the  Dovercourt  Church  to  worship. 

The  first  Quarterly  Official  Board  met  in  the  Dovercourt  Church  on  August 
4th,  1885,  the  Rev.  H.  W.  McTavish,  pastor,  in  the  chair,  when  the  following 
were  duly  elected :  Joseph  Emerson,  local  preacher ;  Caleb  Young,  Robert  Van- 
Horne,  H.  T.  Merdith,  Neil  McKinnon,  Richard  Gutthrey,  and  Mr.  Houghton, 
recording  stewards ;  J.  B.  Leggat,  society  representative,  and  James  Manne, 
Sunday  School  superintendent.  The  first  funds  reported  was  the  sum  of  two 
hundred  and  fifty  dollars  on  pastor's  salary.  On  August  20th,  1885,  H.  T. 
Merdith,  Richard  Gutthrey,  Joseph  Emerson,  H.  Sheppard,  J.  B.  Leggat,  Neil 
McKinnon,  and  F.  T.  French,  were  appointed  provisional  trustees  for  the  pur 
pose  of  purchasing  a  site  for  a  church.  On  November  16,  1885,  H.  T.  Merdith, 
R.  Gutthrey,  and  Neil  McKinnon,  were  elected  stewards,  and  Robert  Van-Home, 
Sunday  School  representative ;  J.  B.  Leggat  was  elected  Sunday  School  superin 
tendent  in  the  place  of  James  Manne,  who  had  resigned. 

On  May  31st,  1886,  Robert  Van-Home,  Joseph  Emerson,  and  James  Fal 
coner,  were  elected  stewards,  and  Thomas  Abbs  was  added  as  one  of  the 
provisional  trustees,  when  the  provisional  trustees  were  instructed  to  purchase 
the  lot  on  the  south-west  corner  of  Dundas  Street  and  St.  Clarens  Avenue. 
Mr.  White  was  elected  representative  to  the  district  meeting.  On  August  3rd, 
1886,  the  provisional  trustees  reported  that  they  had  purchased  the  lot  on  the 
south-west  corner  of  Dundas  Street  and  St.  Clarens  Avenue  for  the  sum  of  $3,210. 
On  August  30,  1886,  Joseph  Emerson,  R.  Gutthrey,  Thos.  Abbs,  E.  S.  Pugsley, 
and  S.  J.  Burgess,  were  elected  trustees.  On  October  13th,  1886,|Houghton  and 

230  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

Burgess,  and  James  Falconer  resigned  as  stewards,  and  Robert  Van-Home, 
Thomas  Hurst,  W.  W.  Perry,  and  Joseph  Emerson  were  elected. 

On  October  27th  the  Trustee  Board  met,  Rev.  H.  W.  McTavish  in  the  chair, 
Abbs,  Emerson,  Burgess  and  Gutthrey,  being  present,  About  this  date  W.  W. 
Perry  was  elected  Sunday  School  Superintendent.  The  Board  agreed  to  build 
the  church,  and  hired  Mr.  Dodds  as  foreman,  and  Edward  Abbs  as  timekeeper, 
the  work  to  be  done  by  day  labor.  The  Board  met  from  time  to  time  as  the 
business  required,  and  the  building  progressed,  and  on  February  21st,  1887, 
Brockton  became  a  separate  circuit,  and  the  name  changed  to  the  St.  Clarens 
Avenue  Methodist  Church. 

On  February  23rd,  1887,  John  Todd  and  Thomas  Dean  were  elected  trustees, 
and  on  the  28th,  George  Bye  was  elected  a  trustee,  the  church  at  this  date  being 
nearly  completed,  and  on  March  17th,  1887,  was  duly  opened  for  divine  service 
by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Stone,  and  on  the  following  Monday  evening  a  social  tea 
was  provided  by  the  ladies,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Stone  presiding,  when  subscriptions 
to  the  amount  of  about  $3,000,  being  about  the  full  cost  of  the  church,  was  sub 
scribed.  Unfortunately  a  large  amount  of  these  subscriptions  were  not  collected. 
This  Conference  year  being  now  drawn  to  a  close,  the  Rev.  H.  W.  McTavish  was 
removed  to  another  field,  and  Rev.  W.  W.  Andrews  became  the  pastor  in  June 
of  1887,  while  the  following  quarterly  official  board:  Jos.  Ernerson,  Geo.  Dale, 
W.  Watson,  R.  Van-Home,  R.  Gutthrey,  John  Todd,  Geo.  Kenriey,  Thos.  Abbs, 
Thos.  Hurst,  with  W.  W.  Perry,  recording  steward. 

On  November  14th,  1887,  J.  J.  Copeland,  and  E.  A.  Porch  were  elected  on  the 
board,  and  W.  W.  Perry  being  superintendent  of  the  Sabbath  School  and  record 
ing  steward  resigned,  when  W.  T.  Stone  was  appointed  superintendent  and  E.  A. 
Porch  elected  as  recording  steward.  After  some  time  J.  J.  Copeland  followed 
Mr.  Stone  as  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School. 

The  Rev.  W.  W.  Andrews  remained  three  years.  After  him  Rev.  Dr.  Perritt, 
one  year;  then  Rev.  George  Webber,  when  improvement  in  the  church  to  the 
amount  of  $300  was  made.  He  remained  one  year,  then  Rev.  J.  A.  Chapman 
followed,  when  some  improvements  were  made,  including  a  new  furnace  at  a  cost 
of  $130.  He  remained  three  years,  then  Rev.  George  M.  Brown  remained  three 
years,  and  improvements  to  the  church  were  made  amounting  to  about  $500 ;  also 
a  new  organ  was  purchased  and  paid  for  at  a  cost  of  $140.  Rev.  Thomas 
Edwards,  the  present  pastor,  is  in  his  second  year  of  office  (1899). 


St.  Paul's  Church. 

This  beautiful  Church  was  erected  and  was  the  result  of  the  union  of  a  goodly 
number  of  members  of  the  Primitive  body  worshipping  in  the  Church  at  the 
corner  of  Davenport  Road  and  Yonge  Street,  and  numerous  families  of  Wes- 
leyans  who  resided  within  convenient  distance  of  the  present  place  of  worship. 

It  was  built  in  1887  by  Messrs.  Brown  &  Bradshaw,  builders,  the  cost  of 
church,  parsonage  and  land  being  $42,000.  Of  this  sum  $20,000  was  furnish 
ed  by  the  Primitives,  who  had  effected  a  profitable  sale  of  the  Church  on  Daven 
port  Road. 

Its  original  trustees  were  :  Robert  Shaw,  William  Dennis,  George  Bolan, 
William  Cummings,  James  Shaw  and  James  Fairhead.  The  two  latter  are  the 
oldest  living  trustees  (1898). 

Its  first-class  leaders  were  :  Robert  Shaw,  James  Shaw,  WTilliam  Dennis, 
William  Cummings,  Mrs.  Fossett  and  Mrs.  Woolsey. 

Mr.  Tonkins  became  first  choir-leader  and  his  wife  first  organist. 

Mr.  Armstrong  at  present  leads  the  choir  and  has  done  so  for  years  efficiently 
and  well. 

The  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  was  Mr.  Morley.  He  was  suc 
ceeded  by  Mr.  Faircloth,  who  in  turn  gave  way  to  Mr.  Doherty,  the  present  super 

The  pastors  have  been  :  Mr.  JolifFe,  one  year  ;  Mr.  Philips,  three  years  ;  J.  E. 
Lanceley,two  years ;  Dr.  Parker,  three  years  ;  E.  E.  Scott,  present  pastor  (January, 

The  church  is  a  splendid  structure,  will  seat  1,200  people,  with  a  separate 
Sunday  school. 

The  school  recently  celebrated  its  fiftieth  anniversary,  for  it  dates  its  origin 
from  the  original  school  which  met  away  back  in  the  forties,  on  the  south  side 
of  Sydenham — now  Cumberland  Street — and  which  was  continued  in  the  Primi 
tive  Church  on  Davenport  Road. 

Its  officers  are  (1897-98)  : 

Board  of  Trustees — Rev.  E.  E.  Scott,  Chairman. 

James  Fairhead,  Secretary-Treasurer. 

James  Shaw,  J.  M.  Faircloth,  J.  J.  Page,  Dr.  J.  G.  Adams,  J.  M.  Smith,  J.  W. 

232  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

Lawrence,  W.  L.  Matthews,  L.  J.  Clark,  C.  W.  Abrey,  W.  K.  Doherty,  A.  J.  Pat- 
tison,  J.  Leslie,  C.  Ferrier,  T.  Shaw,  E.  R.  Wood,  F.  Booth. 

Quarterly  Official  Board — Pastor,  Rev.  E.  E.  Scott. 

Superannuated  Ministers — Revs.  M.  Fawcett,  J.  Doel,  T.  W.  Glover,  Geo.  Abbs, 
J.  A.  Dowler,  Dr.  Cochran. 

Local  Preachers — John  Stevenson,  C.  Ferrier,  David  Plewes,  George  Beavers, 
W.  G.  Watson. 

Class-Leaders — James  Shaw,  E.  Pearson,  J.  F.  Kerr,  D.  Plewes,  J.  S.  Powley, 
J.  J.  Eaton,  Mrs.  Woolsey,  Mrs.  Beavers,  Miss  Matthews. 

Assistant  Class-Leaders — George  Howson,  W.  Dennis,  L.  C.  Peake,  J.  J.  Page. 

Stewards — W.  L.  Matthews,  L.  J.  Clark,  A.  Leslie,  Dr.  J.  G.  Adams,  J.  Fair- 
head,  E.  R.  Wood,  A.  J.  Pattison. 

Sunday  School  Superintendent — W.  K.  Doherty. 

Epworth  League  President — W.  G.  Watson. 

Committee  on  Finance — J.  M.  Faircloth,  W.  L.  Matthews,  L.  J.  Clark,  J.  Fair- 
head,  J.  J.  Page,  A.  Leslie,  J.  M.  Smith,  T.  Shaw,  E.  Bedford. 


Yonge  Street,  Westmoreland  and  St.  Alban's  Churches. 

HE  weekly  prayer  meetings  of  Methodism  many  years  ago  were  held 
on  Thursday  evenings ;  the  now  customary  Wednesday  prayer-meet 
ing  is  a  modern  innovation. 

In  1867,  in  the  home  of  John  Williams,  on  Yonge  Street  opposite 
Shaftesbury,  now  Wickson  Avenue,  a  weekly  Thursday  evening  meeting 
was  begun.  John  Williams  was  a  cooper,  and  his  home  was  an  unpre 
tentious  rough-cast  structure,  a  storey  and  a  half  in  height,  which  is  standing  to 
this  day. 

Among  those  who  were  regular  attendants,  and  who  were  accustomed  to  occa 
sionally  exhort  at  these  meetings,  the  names  of  David  Thompson,  William  Dennis 
and  Andrew  Smiley  are  still  remembered. 

These  meetings  had  an  interest  which  was  born  of  merit.  Some  notable  con 
versions  occurred,  and  the  members  of  the  incipient  society  were  zealous  for 
God.  The  preachers  of  the  Central  Church  occasionally  visited  the  movement, 
especially  to  administer  the  Sacrament.  Consequently,  Bloor  Street  Church  be 
came  interested,  and  after  the  meetings  had  been  so  conducted  for  about  three 
years,  many  of  the  leading  members  of  the  Church  proposed  the  advisability  of 
the  erection  of  a  house  of  worship  in  the  northern  suburbs. 

John  Macdonald,  the  late  Senator,  George  Robinson,  E.  G.  Crown  and  John  T. 
Moore  became  ardent  supporters  of  the  proposal,  and  the  present  site  was  secured 
from  George  Robinson  for  $1,700,  and  the  present  comfortable  brick  structure 
was  erected  at  a  total  cost  of  $15,000. 

The  corner-stone  was  laid  by  Dr.  Morley  Punshon,  on  the  4th  day  of  April, 
1873,  and  on  November  5th,  of  the  same  year,  dedicatory  services  were  con 
ducted  by  Rev.  Dr.  Wood.  The  opening  services  were  continued  altogether  for 
three  Sundays,  many  eminent  clergymen  officiating. 

The  original  trustees  were,  G.  B.  Crown,  who  for   13  years  had  been  organist 
of  Central  Church,  John  Macdonald,  George  Robinson,   Samuel  Wickson,  James 
Wallace,  John  Williams,  John  Grainger,  J.  W.  Bridgeland,  Andrew  Smiley,  John 
16  233 

234  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

Doel,  Samuel  Alcorn,  Edward  G.  Crown,  James  B.  Boustead,  James  A.  Maclellan, 
-and  Oswald  F.  Foster.     Many  of  them  are  now  dead. 

In  the  newly  erected  Church  the  first  classes  were  led  by  Andrew  Smiley, 
John  Macdonald,  George  Robinson,  and  Mrs.  Macdonald,  who  has  been  leading  a 
class  since  the  building  was  erected. 

The  first  choir-leader  was  J.  B.  Boustead,  and  the  first  organist  was  Miss  H. 
M.  Robinson. 

The  Church  itself  is  a  comfortable  and  substantial  structure  of  solid  brick,  of 
gothic  style  of  architecture.  A  straight  gallery  runs  across  the  eastern  end,  and 
ensures  seating  capacities  for  six  hundred  people. 

The  Sunday  School,  for  which  a  separate  building  is  erected,  was  first  con 
ducted  by  Mr.  Boustead,  who  for  two  years  officiated  as  Superintendent.  John 
Macdonald,  George  Robinson,  John  T.  Moore,  G.  W.  Wood,  and  Edward  Martin 
succeeded  in  turn.  The  latter,  with  the  exception  of  a  twelve  months'  holiday, 
which  he  spent  in  England  for  the  restoration  of  his  health,  has  been  Superinten 
dent  for  many  years. 

G.  B.  Crown  was  married  in  this  Church  shortly  after  the  opening,  and  as  he 
and  Mrs.  Crown  were  the  first  couple  joined  in  matrimony  they  were  presented 
with  the  regulation  Bible  and  Hymn  Book. 

For  three  years  after  its  erection  Yonge  St.  Church  was  placed  in  the 
same  circuit  as  Central.  During  this  time  its  pastors  were  Rev.  H.  M.  Man 
ning,  its  first  pastor ;  F.  H.  Wallace,  now  Prof.  Wallace,  and  Coverdale  Watson. 

In  June  of  1876  it  was  set  apart  as  a  separate  charge,  and  the  Rev.  W.  L.  Rut- 
ledge,  now  of  Hamilton,  was  appointed  by  Conference  to  its  pastorate. 

He  is  still  remembered  and  spoken  of  with  unreserved  admiration  and  approval. 
His  industry,  perseverance,  tact  and  courtesy,  the  sterling  qualities  of  his  spirit 
ual  preaching,  and  the  genuine   consecration  and   piety  of  his  life,  combined  to 
make  him  an  ideal  preacher,  and  under  his  care  the  church  grew  abundantly  and 
was  placed  on  a  solid  foundation.     The  pastors  in  charge  have  been : 
June,  1876,  to  June,  1879,  Rev.  W.  L.  Rutledge. 
"      1879,   "      "      1882,  Rev.  F.  H,  Wallace,  M.A. 
"      1882,    "      "      1883,  Rev.  George  Leech. 
"      1883,   "      "      1886,  Rev.  R.  N.  Burns,  B.A. 
"      1886,   "      "      1889,  Rev.  George  J.  Bishop. 


June,  1889,  to  June,  1891,  Rev.  J.  V.  Smith. 
"      1891,   "      "      1893,  Rev.  Hugh  Johnston,  D.D. 
"      1893,   "      "      1896,  Rev.  Joseph  H.  Locke. 
.Present  pastor,  Rev.  Dr.  Parker. 

The  choir-leaders  have  been  J.  B.  Boustead,  two  years  ;  G.  B.  Crown,  15  years, 
and  Thomas  Hook,  the  present  leader,  who  has  occupied  the  position  for  some 
eight  years. 

The  present  Trustee  Board  is  composed  of  the  following :  George  Robinson, 
G.  W.  Wood,  John  K.  Macdonald,  J.  T.  Moore,  George  B.  Crown,  Frank  Floyd, 
J.  Lockhart  Watt,  W.  W.  Jones,  Secretary  and  Treasurer. 


Pastor,  Rev.  Dr.  Parker;  supernumerary  minister,  Rev.  J.  G.  Manly. 


John  T.  Moore,  John  Carter,  Alfred  Day,  John  Bolwell,  William  Calvert, 
James  Lydiatt,  Howard  J.  Barrie,  John  W.  Dawson. 


G.  W.  Wood,  Recording  Steward ;  George  Robinson,  George  B.  Sparling,  W.  W. 
Jones,  C.  W.  Laker,  G.  E.  Lawrence  and  -      -  Murray. 
Organist,  Miss  Murray. 

Westmoreland  Church. 

Originally  a  small  Baptist  meeting-house,  stood  on  the  eastern  side  of  West 
moreland  Avenue,  near  the  location  of  the  present  Methodist  Church. 

As  the  Baptists  were  numerically  weak,  the  Methodists,  with  the  help  and 
financial  assistance  of  some  of  the  members  of  the  Metropolitan,  secured  the 
building  some  fourteen  years  and  instituted  divine  worship. 

It  may  truly  be  termed  a  mother  of  churches,  for  from  it  has  sprung  a  number 
of  meeting-houses  throughout  the  locality. 

It  was  thought  that  some  eight  years  ago  it  would  disappear,  but, phoenix-like, 
from  its  ashes  appears  the  present  church,  which  under  the  ministry  of  Rev.  Mr. 
McKee,  now  flourishes  abundantly. 

The  erection  of  the  building  was  begun  in  the  spring  of  1891  and  finished  in 
the  fall.  The  length  of  time  consumed  in  the  erection  of  this  modest  structure 
is  accounted  for  by  the  fact  that  all  the  labor  on  it  except  the  plaster  work  only 


was  done  by  its  own  members.  In  the  long  summer  evenings  and  every  Satur 
day  afternoon  the  ring  of  hammers  and  the  buzz  of  saws  could  be  heard,  and 
slowly  the  little  church  neared  completion. 

Messrs.  Convoy,  Butt,  Russell,  Reid,  and  the  three  Hudson  brothers  worked 
throughout  the  summer,  and  their  self-denial  and  industry  reaped  its  reward  in 
the  completion  of  the  church. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Dennick,  a  superannuated  minister,  occupied  the  pulpit  for  six 
months,  until  duly  admitted  into  a  Conference  circuit. 

The  original  trustees  were  :  Messrs.  Russell,  Convoy,  and  the  three  Hudsons. 

The  first  class-leaders  were  :— Edward  Hudson,  Mr.  Gilley  and  the  pastor. 

The  choir  was  led  by  Mr.  Ewing. 

The  Sunday-School  was  started  at  the  same  time,  and  its  superintendents  since 
then  have  been  Walter  Hudson,  J.  C.  Hudson,  Edward  Hudson  and  John  Price, 
the  present  officer. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Scott,  also  superannuated,  succeeded  Mr.  Dennick  and  occupied 
the  pulpit  for  three  years.  Then  Rev.  R.  J.  Aikenhead  succeeded  and  remained 
a  full  pastoral  term,  when  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  Robert  McKee,  took  his  place 

Under  his  pastorate  the  church  is  gaining  rapidly,  his  plain  spiritual  preaching 
and  faithful  performance  of  duty  having  been  of  great  benefit  and  assistance  to 
the  congregation. 

The  present  officers  are  : — 

PASTOR.— Rev.  Robert  McKee,  661  Dovercourt  Road. 

BOARD  OF  TRUSTEES.— Ed.  Hudson,  Treasurer;  F.  Chappell,  Secretary;  James 
Conboy,  sr.,  J.  C.  Hudson,  Thomas  Conboy,  J.  Nicolls,  D.  Turner,  I.  J.  Sproule, 
T.  Collins,  A.  Russell,  W.  Hudson,  Geo.  Butt,  T.  Reid,  S.  K.  Correll,  Wm.  Collins 


STEWARDS.— Thomas  Conboy,  J.  C.  Hudson,  George  Butt,  William  Collins,  T. 
Collins,  T.  J.  Sproule,  F.  Chappell. 

ORGANIST. — Miss  Kent. 

St.  Alban's  Church. 

Perhaps  nowhere  in  the  progress  of  Methodism  has  its  advancement  been  more 
phenomenal  than  in  the  extreme  western  section  of  Toronto,  known  as  St 
Alban's  Ward. 


A  little  more  than  nine  years  ago  a  few  earnest  Christian  workers  thought 
they  saw  a  locality  where  a  mission  might  be  successfully  planted.  Accordingly 
on  September  2nd,  1889,  they  met  with  a  few  others  of  like  mind  at  the  home 
of  Mr.  Alfred  Atkey,  12  Garden  Avenue,  and  after  full  discussion  it  was  decided 
to  commence  immediately  the  foundation  of  what  now  promises  to  be  one  of  the 
most  vigorous  of  enterprising  charges  in  the  outskirts  of  the  city. 

At  first,  as  is  often  the  case,  they  met  with  a  great  deal  of  hostility  and  dis 
couragement  from  quarters  where  it  should  have  been  least  expected,  but  in  the 
face  of  all  opposition,  the  Church  took  root,  and  its  survival  and  marvellous 
growth  has  demonstrated  that  it  was  indeed  a  necessity  in  the  localit}^. 

On  Saturday,  the  7th  day  of  September,  hand-bills  were  distributed  through  the 
section,  announcing  that  "  Methodist  Mission  services  will  be  held  on  Sunday,  8th 
inst.,  at  8  Garden  Avenue,  to  be  continued  permanently.  Preaching  at  11  a.m., 
and  7  p.m.,  and  Sunday  School  at  2.30  p.m.,  to  which  all  children  will  be  wel 
come."  At  10  o'clock  on  Sunday  morning,  a  zealous  little  company,  with  hearts 
all  aglow  and  full  of  expectancy,  met  in  an  upper  room  of  the  house  for  prayer 
that  the  Divine  blessing  might  rest  on  the  new  undertaking.  It  was  said  to 
have  been  a  remarkable  spiritual  meeting,  that  the  presence  of  the  Lord  was 
manifested  mightily,  and  those  who  engaged  therein  were  comforted  in  heart. 

At  11  o'clock  the  first  preaching  service  was  conducted  by  Edward  Terry, 
sixty-nine  persons  being  present.  At  2.30  p.m.  the  Sunday  School  was  organ 
ized,  and  to  E.  J.  Kinzniger,  who  was  appointed  Superintendent,  devolved  its 
management.  The  following  were  present  at  its  opening : — Messrs.  E.  Terry, 
W.  McFarlane,  A.  Atkey,  J.  Dufty,  J.  McHugh,  J.  Hare,  W.  Tedford,  W.  Swar- 
tout,  J.  F.  Scott,  J.  Haines,  H.  Halls,  F.  Halls ;  Mrs.  A.  Wright,  Miss  Mcln- 
tyre,  M.  Clark,  M.  Mortimer,  L.  and  E.  Challener,  L.  Shaw,  Annie  and  Alice 
Halls,  B.  and  M.  James,  Delia,  Edith  and  Lily  Bradley,  Alice  and  Harriett  Acott, 
May  Quest,  Vera  Fowler,  Blanche  Halls,  John,  William  and  Alexander  Dickson, 
Willie  Mortimer,  Harvey  Ramsey,  Cameron,  Louis  and  George  Vivian,  Frank 
Kinzniger,  Osmond  Wright,  Harvey  James  and  Clarence  James. 

The  Superintendent  appointed  E.  Terry,  W.  Tedford,  W.  McFarlane,  J.  Mc 
Hugh,  and  Mrs.  A.  Wright  as  teachers,  the  last  named  being  in  charge  of  the  prim 
ary  class,  a  position  she  has  held  ever  since  with  marked  faithfulness  and 
genuine  consecration,  scores  of  the  young  benefiting  under  her  gentle  words  and 
kindly  teachings. 


At  the  evening  service  Mr.  William  Calvert  preached,  and  eighty-eight  person 
e  present,  while  many  others  who  could  not  get  admission  sat  or  stood  on  th. 

ulevard  m  front,  the  window  sash  being  raised  so  that  all  could  hear.  The  offer 
tory  for  the  day  amounted  to  $20.05. 

William  Calvert  was  a  pillar  of  strength  to  the  opening  movement  A  wis. 
counsellor,  an  able  helper,  and  a  firm  friend,  he  had  already  gained  the  respect 
of  all  whom  he  met. 

From  the  outset  local  preachers  and  lay  helpers  rendered  valuable  assistance 
)  their  help  and  the  indefatigable  efforts  of  Mr.  E.  Terry,  who  was  a  tower 
itrength  spiritually  and  financially,  and  his  associates  are  to  be  accorded  the 
credit  of  no  little  of  the  success  achieved. 

It  soon  became  evident  that  additional  accommodation  was  required  At  a 
meeting  held  to  consider  the  advisability  of  securing  a  lot  and  erecting  a  church 
subscription  books  were  circulated,  and  as  the  amounts  promised  were  considered 
satisfactory,  it  was  decided  to  proceed. 

The  first  intention  was  to  erect  a  frame  building,  20  x  40  feet  ;  upon  favorable 
reports   from  outside  sources  it  was  decided  to  make  it  30  x  40  feet  ;  then 
again,  40  x  50  feet.     But  the  final  outcome  and   resolution  decided  for  a  brick 
building,  40  x  60  feet. 

A  committee  was  appointed  immediately  and  authorized  to  call  for  tenders  and 
proceed  with  the  work. 

On  the  seventh  day  of  November  another  handbill  was  issued  stating  that 
Owing  to  the  premises  at  8  Garden  Avenue  being  too  small  to  accommodate 
those  who  desired  to  attend  the  services  which  have  been  held  there  during  the 
past  two  months,  this  is  to  inform  you  that  until  the  completion  of  the  new 
church  on  Galley  Avenue  (now  in  course  of  erection),  public  worship  will  be  con 
ducted  at  No.  7  Union  St."  This  latter  building  was  the  first  public  schoolhouse 
m  Parkdale,and  was  originally  situated  on  the  site  of  the  present  school,  corner 
Lansdowne  and  Marion  St.,  but  had  been  removed  to  Union  St.,  and  was  used 
as  a  dyeworks  factory.  Previous  to  the  opening  Sunday  several  of  the  officials 
and  their  wives  had  papered,  tinted  and  scrubbed  the  place,  making  it  quite  pre- 

Mr.  Jonas  Coxhead  lent  benches  which,  supplemented  by  chairs,   furnished 
seating  capacity  for  375  to  200  people. 


At  the  Sunday  service  the  dyehouse  was  packed  and  during  the  four  months 
services  were  continued  there  the  interest  and  attendance  were  fully  kept  up. 

On  the  23rd  day  of  March,  1890,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Briggs  preached  the  opening 
service  of  the  new  church  and  dedicated  it  to  the  worship  of  Almighty  God,  and 
the  following  trustees  received  the  charge  :  Edward  Terry,  J.  Addison,  W.  Ted- 
ford,  A.  Atkey,  W.  Dayton,  W.  H.  McFarlane,  W.  Halls,  C.  Stevens,  W.  B.  Crys- 
ler,  E.  J.  Kinzniger. 

The  afternoon  and  evening  services  were  conducted  by  Revs.  A.  M.  Phillij  s 
and  Dr.  Dewart. 

The  edifice  which  bears  the  dignified  title  of  St.  Alban's,  which  name  was  sug 
gested  by  Mr.  Tedford,  was  built  with  the  assurance  that  before  long  it  would  be 
used  solely  as  a  schoolroom,  and  a  newer  and  larger  building  erected  in  front. 

Rev.  J.  J.  Redditt,  the  first  pastor,  was  an  able  and  eloquent  preacher  and  re 
mained  three  years.  He  was  succeeded  by  Mr.  McCullough,  one  of  the 
effective  evangelical  hard  working  Methodist  divines  that  Canadian  Methodism 
can  claim.  The  present  pastor  (January,  1899)  is  the  Rev.  W.  F.  Campbell. 


Wesley  Church. 

N  the  year   1875    Wesley   Church    was   built.      The  enterprise  was 
fathered  by  the  Rev.  W.  H.  Poole,  who  was  then  pastor  of  Queen 
Street  West  Church.     Although  as  a  pastor  he  was  successful  to  a 
degree,  no  work  done  during  his  term  has  earned  for  him  the  merit 
of  marked  executive  ability   and  far-sighted  wisdom  so  much  as  the 
building  of  this  Church. 

At  that  time  the  western  suburbs  were  unsettled  ;  wide  extending  fields,  inter 
spersed  here  and  there  by  a  low  growth  of  cedar  and  underbrush,  stretched  far 
and  wide  where  now  neat,  comfortable  brick  dwelling-houses  raised  their  modest 
fronts,  and  more  pretentious  church-buildings— a  numerous  family— uplift  their 
massive  walls. 

^  On  Strachan  Avenue  there  were  then  two  houses  only.  Crawford,  Givens  and 
Shaw  Streets  contained  a  few  unpretentious  cottages  ;  Arg ,  le  Street  was  a  cedar 
swamp  ;  four  miserable  stores  were  scattered  throughout  the  length  of  Dundas 
Street ;  the  asylum  wall  extended  eastward  as  far  as  Massey  Street ;  while  west 
ward  from  Dovercourt  Road  a  huge  mile  race  track  occupied  the  great  square  of 
land  contained  between  the  latter  road  and  Gladstone  Avenue,  and  extended 
northwards  from  Queen  Street  almost  to  Dundas.  It  was  owned  by  a  Mr. 
Bacon.  His  dwelling-place  was  a  white  brick  house,  which  stood  on  the  back 
part  of  the  race-course,  where  now  the  western  part  of  Mackenzie  Crescent  is 

A  huge  high  fence  standing  on  the  west  side  of  Dovercourt  Road,  which 
enclosed  the  race-course,  extended  from  Queen  Street  above  Argyle',  where 
now  are  seen  comfortable  brick  dwelling-houses.  Judge  Harrison  then  owned 
the  land  located  between  Argyle  and  Dundas  Streets,  from  whom  the  Lindsays 
in  later  years  secured  their  property  and  the  present  residence  of  Robert  Awde, 
the  superintendent  of  Wesley  Church  since  its  inception,  was  then  a  garden  and 
a  field.  Dovercourt  Road  was  an  impassable  thoroughfare  in  winter  and  in 
springtime.  Down  the  east  side  of  the  street  a  deep  and  dangerous  ditch  had 



been  excavated  to  carry  off  the  rains.  Parkdale,  the  "  Flowery  Suburb,"  whose 
beauties  have  never  yet  been  done  justice  to  by  any  pen,  was  then  unknown. 
Its  lands  were  farming  land*,  and  Gray's  nursery,  situated  on  the  south  side  of 
Queen  Street,  extended  throughout  a  great  deal  of  its  location. 

Brockton,  whose  extending  limits  now  stretch  away  until  from  its  uttermost 
dwelling-houses  can  be  seen  in  close  proximity  the  huge  factories  and  neat  dwell 
ings  of  its  rival  suburb,  West  Toronto  Junction,  could  then  but  boast  twenty 
unpretentious  houses,  occupied  chiefly  by  Irish  Catholic  settlers. 

Richard  L.  Deriison  resided  in  a  house  surrounded  by  woods,  situated  at  the 
head  of  where  Lakeview  Avenue  now  runs ;  but  it  was  after  this  that  not  only 
Lakeview  Avenue,  but  Churchill  and  Ossington  Avenues  were  cut  off  his  estate. 
At  the  time  of  the  building  of  Wesley  Church  the  la  ter  avenue  was  a  blind 
street,  cutting  its  way  through  huge  dunes  of  sand,  and  leading  only  to  an 
entrance  that  admitted  the  dubious  traveller  into  the  estate  mentioned. 

It  was  early  in  the  seventies — probably  1873 — when,  at  a  meeting  of  the 
Quarterly  Board  of  old  Queen  Street  Church,  the  question  was  asked  "  What 
shall  we  do  to  extend  Methodism  ?  " 

The  pastor,  Rev.  W.  H.  Poole,  who  will  long  be  remembered  in  the  annals  of  the 
church,  asserted  that  a  new  place  of  worship  should  be  erected  in  the  western  sub 
urbs.  The  east  was  on  the  point  of  action.  Woodgreen  Church  lay  heavy  in 
thoughts  of  dear  old  Dr.  Carroll,  and  was  soon  to  be  erected.  The  church  extension 
fund  was  heard  of  in  all  the  churches.  The  suburbs  were  ripe  for  missionary 
enterprise,  and  if  Methodism  wished  to  possess  the  land,  it  behoved  that  denom 
ination  to  exert  themselves. 

A  trustee  board,  for  the  erection  of  a  west  end  church,  consisting  of  Dr.  W.  W. 
Ogden,  James  Patterson,  John  Morrow,  Thomas  Beely,  W.  S.  Finch,  Samuel 
Heal,  John  Blake  and  Robert  Awde,  who  acted  as  Secretary-Treasurer  for  seven 
years,  was  organized  in  1874,  and  a  committee  appointed  to  purchase  a  location. 
They  first  bought  land  at  the  corner  of  Shaw  and  Queen  Streets. 

Then  Mr.  Paul,sr.,  the  architect,  was  commissioned  to  draw  plans  for  a  place 
of  worship.  It  was  decided  at  this  time  that  the  land  purchased  was  an  un 
favorable  location  whereon  to  build.  Shaw  Street,  then  a  narrow  lane,  at  its 
junction  with  Queen  Street,  was  likely  to  be  widened  at  any  time  by  the  civic 
authorities,  the  lot  secured  was  liable  to  be  taken  by  the  city  for  this  purpose. 

242  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

A  new  committee  was  appointed ;  the  Shaw  Street  site  was  sold  and  the  present 
location  at  the  corner  of  Ossington  Avenue  and  Dundas  Street  was  purchased 
from  Mr.  Winchester  at  $20  a  foot. 

Some  of  the  early  contributors  were  :  Mr.  Jennings,  $25  ;  Mr.  Hamilton,  $25  ; 
Richard  Brown,  $25  ;  E.  Coatsworth,  $65  ;  Dr.  Rosebrugh,  $20  ;  Dr.  Hodgson, 
$10;  $130  being  the  sum  realized  from  the  church  extension  movement.  A 
little  later  John  Macdonald  gave  $250  ;  James  Patterson,  the  Manager  of  the 
Toronto  branch  of  Thomas  May  &  Co.,  gave  $500 ;  Dr.  Wilmott,  $25  ;  Rev.  Dr. 
Potts,  $25  ;  John  Lake,  $25  ;  James  McGee,  $25  ;  J.  R.  James,  $20,  and  G.  Brunt, 

The  architect's  plans  were  accepted  ard  tenders  called  for.  Mr.  Damp  secured 
the  contract  for  the  erection  of  the  church.  The  work  was  begun  in  the  fall  of 
1874  and  progressed  so  rapidly  that  in  the  spring  of  the  following  year  when 
the  corner-stone  was  laid,  which  ceremony  was  performed  by  James  Patterson 
on  the  fourteenth  day  of  May,  the  foundations  and  the  piers  were  all  in  finished 
completion,  the  joists  were  laid  ready  for  flooring  and  the  frame  work  of  the 
building  was  so  well  advanced  that  everything  pointed  to  an  early  opening  of 
the  church.  On  the  following  day  Robert  Awde  had  completed  a  payment  of 
$1,250  to  the  contractor  Mr.  Damp,  a  fact  that  proved  that  favorable  progress 
had  been  made. 

Then  an  insurance  policy  was  taken  out  for  a  considerable  amount,  the  pre 
mium  of  which  called  for  $44,  which  was  further  supplemented  in  the  month  of 
August  by  another  policy  calling  for  $20  premium  more. 

Then  a  masterly  stroke  of  business  was  consummated  by  the  board,  which  de 
serves  mention.  The  Dominion  held  ordinance  lands  at  the  foot  of  Bathurst 
Street.  Out  of  these  lands  the  Government  had  presented  St.  John's  Church, 
situate  at  the  corner  of  Stewart  and  Portland  Streets  with  their  site,  and  had 
given  the  Methodist  body  the  property  adjoining  for  the  same  purposes. 

But  the  situation  was  unfavorable  and  as  the  years  rolled  by  and  the  Metho 
dists  made  no  claim  upon  the  land,  the  Government  sold  it  out  in  lots,  receiving 
payment  therefor  in  instalments  from  the  purchasers. 

The  trustee  board  of  Wesley  Church  considered  the  subject  and  instructed  Win. 
Lauder,  the  solicitor,  to  look  into  the  matter.  As  they  were  not  then  aware 
that  the  Government  had  already  sold  the  land,  he  was  instructed  to  repair  to 


Ottawa  to  secure  consent  for  its  sale  and  to  have  the  proceeds  placed  to  the 
credit  of  Wesley  Church.  But  he  found  that  it  was  already  sold,  that  houses 
were  already  built  upon  it  and  paid  for,  only  one  or  two  instalments  being  yet 
due.  The  Government  recognized  their  pledge  ;  turned  over  the  proceeds  of  the 
sale  of  the  land  to  the  trustees;  and  Wesley  Church  received  $1,167.76  by  the 
arrangement,  which  was  duly  devoted  to  the  building  fund. 

The  church  was  formally  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God  and  opened  on  the 
18th  day  of  July,  1875.  The  Rev.  Dr.  Enoch  Wood  preached  the  dedication 
sermon.  The  Rev.  W.  H.  Poole,  who  afterwards  became  a  doctor  of  divinity, 
was  present,  and  the  choir  of  Queen  Street  Church  came  up  to  assist  in  the  sing 
ing.  The  collections  of  the  opening  services  amounted  to  $84.28. 

The  church  itself  was  in  the  Elizabethan  style  of  architecture  and  would  seat 
five  hundred  people.  It  was  a  strong  wooden  structure  faced  with  brick.  Two 
entrances,  in  the  front  on  Dundas  Street,  reached  by  steps,  the  same  as  to-day, 
admitted  the  congregation.  A  small  straight  gallery  ran  across  the  southern 
end,  and  here  the  choir  was  located  for  many  years.  Robert  Awde  was  their 
first  leader.  Miss  Knox  played  the  organ  ;  here  sang  the  two  Miss  Ritchies, 
Mr.  Monday,  Mr.  Clark  and  Mr.  Honeysett. 

Beside  leading  the  choir,  Robert  Awde  became  superintendent  of  the  Sunday 
School,  and  so  continues  till  the  present  day.  In  his  charge  he  had  some  fifty 
scholars.  Here  Messrs.  Hare,  Hood,  Blake  and  Stagg,  and  Miss  Knox  taught 
classes.  John  Kieler  became  its  first  secretary  and  treasurer.  Its  present 
membership  is  the  largest  in  the  Dominion,  and  numbers  1,354  scholars.,  teachers 
and  officers.  Truly  "  the  little  one  had  become  a  thousand." 

The  first  class-leaders  were  Thomas   Hook,  John  Blake  and  William  Stacrg. 


The  first  ushers  were  Mr.  Hook  and  Mr.  John  Blake,  a  local  preacher,  who  also 
became  pew  steward.  The  first  local  preacher  who  afterwards  came  into  the 
church  was  Richard  Charles. 

The  church  was  placed  first  by  conference  in  connection  with  Queen  Street, 
and  the  first  preachers  were  Rev.  W.  H.  Poole  and  Rev.  E.  F.  Goff,  who  alter 
nated  in  the  two  pulpits.  After  six  months'  time  the  latter  fell  ill,  and  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Ryan,  who  had  recently  arrived  from  England,  filled  his  place  for  the 
balance  of  the  year. 

When  the  Rev.  Mr.  Poole's   term  was   over   in  Queen  Street   Church,  the 

244  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

Revs.  S.  J.  Hunter  and  Isaac  Tovell  succeeded  to  the  circuit.  As  the  latter  was 
the  first  married  pastor  Wesley  Church  had  as  yet  received,  a  parsonage  was 
rented  for  him  in  the  year  1876. 

One  of  the  two  houses  then  on  Crawford  Street  was  secured  from  Miss 
Parke,  who  was  then  an  officer  in  the  asylum  and  fitted  up  as  a  parsonage.  John 
Blake  occupied  the  other.  In  the  first  year  of  Mr.  Tovell's  pastoral  term,  the 
circuit  was  divided,  and  Wesley  Church  set  off  as  an  independent  charge, 
receiving  however,  from  the  Quarterly  Board  of  Queen  Street  Church  the  sum 
of  $250  for  the  first  year,  and  every  year  an  annual  reduction  was  made  of  $50 
until  five  years  subsequently,  when  it  was  discontinued. 

Mr.  Tovell  remained  three  years  and  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  W.  L.  Rutledge 
who  came  in  June  of  1879.  He  was  a  gifted  preacher  and  a  good  pastor.  He 
afterwards  occupied  Grace  Church,  of  Winnipeg,  and  a  church  in  Brantford,  and 
then  went  to  the  city  of  Hamilton. 

Rev.  C.  E.  Mclntyre,  now  of  Belleville,  succeeded  him,  and  remained  a  full 
term  of  three  years. 

During  his  term  the  church  was  enlarged.  The  walls  were  extended  at  each 
side  and  the  original  roof  placed  upon  pillars.  By  this  enlargement  the  seating 
capacity  gave  accommodation  for  seven  hundred  people.  Eighteen  feet  of  land 
fronting  on  Dundas  Street,  and  purchased  at  a  cost  of  $18  a  foot,  was  bought 
from  Mr.  Winchester.  A  house  and  lot  on  Ossington  Ave.,  next  to  the  Church,  and 
owned  by  Mr.  Taylor,  was  also  secured.  About  the  same  time  the  old  Givens 
Street  day-school,  a  frame  structure  which  had  been  replaced  by  a  modern  brick 
building  of  capacious  proportions,  was  purchased  by  the  Trustee  Board,  moved 
to  the  rear  of  the  Church,  and  converted  into  a  Sunday-School ;  it  would  then 
contain  250  scholars. 

Mr.  Mclntyre  was  succeeded  by  the  late  lamented  Rev.  Thomas  Cullen, 
who  died  in  London  a  few  years  ago ;  in  his  time  another  extension  of  some 
thirty  feet  was  added  to  the  rear  of  the  church.  The  chairs  were  then  brought 
from  the  gallery  and  placed  in  their  present  position  behind  the  pulpit, 
and  four  extra  class-rooms,  which  were  badly  needed,  were  secured. 

The  Rev.  Dr.  Galbraith  followed  as  pastor.  He  was  a  great  theologian,  an 
eloquent  speaker,  and  a  master  builder.  To  him  the  church  paid  the  largest  sal 
ary  they  have  ever  given,  which  amounted  to  $2,000  a  year,  supplemented  by  a 
gift  of  $200.  He  was  retired  from  the  ministry,  and  resides  now  in  Belleville. 


The  Rev.  R.  N.  Burns  followed  and  spent  three  years.  The  Rev.  S.  D.  Chown 
is  the  present  pastor,  and  already  he  has  gained  a  high  place  in  the  esteem  and  a 
warm  place  in  the  hearts  of  his  huge  congregation.  (1898.) 

The  church  is  one  of  the  most  prosperous  in  the  Dominion.  Starting  with  a 
membership  of  forty  it  soon  outstripped  its  mother  church  of  Queen  Street  in 
every  particular.  Its  library  contains  more  than  a  thousand  volumes,  besides 
which  a  separate  library  is  supplied  for  the  use  of  members  of  the  Bible  class.  A 
library  for  the  church  is  also  proposed,  and  will  probably  be  carried  out.  The 
average  attendance  at  class — the  test  of  membership  in  earlier  days — is  the  high 
est  here  throughout  city  Methodism— a  fact  which  speaks  volumes  in  favor  of 
the  spiritual  condition  of  its  membership. 


Dunn  Avenue  Church. 

HE  remarkable  feature  of  Parkdale  Methodism  has  been  the  rapidity 

of  its  growth,  originating  in  the  little  old  rough-cast  chapel  on 
Queen  Street  West,  with  its  modest  dimensions  and  limited  seating, 
capacities.  It  now  claims,  after  tha  Metropolitan  Church,  the  finest 
f$j*  structure  for  purposes  of  worship  in  the  city.  The  increased  attendance 
and  ensuing  prosperity  which  attended  the  inception  of  Methodism  in  the 
first  little  chapel  prompted  its  members  to  undertake  the  erection  of  a  larger 
edifice.  This  was  facilitated  by  the  fact  that  the  congregation  had  already 
secured  land  on  Cowan  Avenue,  opposite  Melbourne  Avenue.  A  building  com 
mittee  was  appointed  consisting  of  Messrs.  Wingfield,  Gurd  and  Kerzinger,  and 
tenders  for  the  new  church  were  called  for. 

Building  operations  were  begun  without  delay,  and  in  the  year  1886  the 
brick  edifice,  now  occupied  by  the  Presbyterian  body,  was  completed.  The 
corner-stone  was  laid  by  H.  H.  Cook,  many  years  the  Parliamentary  repre 
sentative  of  Simcoc  County,  and  the  dedicatory  service  was  preached  by  Rev. 
Dr.  Williams,  then  President  of  Conference.  A  series  of  opening  services  were 
held,  and  Rev.  Dr.  Milligan,  Rev.  Dr.  Sutherland  and  Rev.  Dr.  Briggs,  among 
others,  occupied  the  pulpit.  It  was  a  fine  structure,  would  seat  between  five  and 
six  hundred  people,  and  cost  $16,000.  The  first  trustee  board  of  thh  church 
consisted  of  J.  W.  Wingfield,  R.  O.  Dickson,  G.  Gurd,  treasurer,  A.  H.  Welch, 
Robert  Yearsley,  J.  C.  Musson,  Ed.  Kinzinger,  secretary,  Geo.  Sinclair,  Thomas 
Abbs,  David  Boyd,  Robert  King  and  A.  W.  Spalding. 

Here  the  first  class-leaders  were  Edward  Terry,  Mr.  Swartout,  F.  Buchanan, 
A.  H.  Welch  and  Mrs.  Clement. 

Mr.  A.  W.  Spalding  became  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  suc 
ceeding  Mr.  A.  H.  Welch  who  had  officiated  in  the  Queen  Street  Church  School. 

Mr.  Kinzinger  became  first  choir  leader,  and  Miss  Terry  the  first  organist. 

Dr.  Meecham  occupied  the  pulpit,  but  in  six  months'  time  he  fell  ill  and  was 
compelled  to  resign  his  charge.  He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Stone,  a 



strong  preacher  and  an  industrious  pastor,  who  remained  three  years  and  a  half, 
the  remaining  period  of  time  that  the  church  was  used  by  the  Methodists. 

In  the  meantime  Parkdale  had  grown  with  marvellous  rapidity.  It  was  now 
known  by  the  title  of  the  flowery  suburb  and  it  worthily  deserved  the  appella 
tion.  Its  beauteous  streets  and  avenues,  well  paved,  well  lighted,  whereon  were 
situate  picturesque  and  comfortable  dwelling  houses,  with  their  wide  boulevards 
and  long  vistas  of  shade  trees,  stretched  from  Queen  Street  to  the  Lake.  From 
the  southern  shore  was  visible  the  winding  indentions  and  the  bold  headlines  of 
the  Humber  Bay,  while  to  the  north  the  hills  of  High  Park,  clothed  with  maple, 
birch  and  beech  trees,  all  combined  to  add  to  the  charming  features  of  the  favored 

It  was  now  decided  to  build  a  new  church  more  in  keeping  with  the  surround 
ings.  J.  W.  St.  John,  A.  W.  Spalding,  George  Sinclair,  treasurer,  Arthur  Poole, 
secretary,  and  Isaac  Lennox,  chairman,  were  appointed  and  formed  a  building 
committee,  and  Messrs.  Langley  &  Burke,  the  architects,  were  instructed  to  draft 
the  plans. 

They  decided  to  build  on  the  present  location  of  Dunn  Avenue  Church  and 
the  land  on  tha  southeast  corner  of  Dunn  Avenue  and  King  Street  was  purchased 
from  George  Cox  and  J.  W.  Langmuir  at  a  cost  of  $70  a  foot,  which  totalled 
nearly  $9,000,  and  the  contracts  placed  lor  the  erection  of  the  new  building  in 

The  original  trustees  of  this  church  wore  :  —A.  H.  Spalding,  George  Sinclair, 
Isaac  Lennox,  Joseph  Lennox,  Frank  Buchanan,  J.  Shilton,  A.  H.  Welch,  Jonas 
Coxhead,  J.  A.  S.  Stewart,  W.  R.  King,  J.  W.  St.  John,  J.  W.  Isaacs,  James  F. 
Johnston,  Arthur  Poole,  J.  M.  Redmond  arid  G.  F.  Marter. 

In  October  of  1889  the  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner-stone  was  performed  by 
Hart  A.  Massey  and  upon  the  29th  day  of  July  in  the  following  year  the  church 
was  formally  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God.  The  Rev.  Dr.  J.  O.  Peck,  of 
Brooklyn,  N.Y.,  an  eloquent  divine,  preached  the  morning  and  evening  sermons, 
while  the  Rev.  Dr.  Sutherland  preached  in  the  afternoon  and  conducted  the  dedi 
catory  services.  The  structure  is  a  magnificent  one,  with  a  seating  capacity  for 
sixteen  hundred  people,  and  was  built  at  a  total  cost  of  $68,000. 

The  room  for  the  Sunday  School  will  hold  nine  hundred  scholars  and  is  in  it 
self  a  capacious  structure. 

Mr.  Frank  Buchanan  here  became  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  and 


was  succeeded  by  J.  W.  St.  John  four  years  ago,  who  as  an  efficient  and  capable 
officer  now  fills  that  position. 

The  first  pastor  was  Rev.  J.  F.  German,  a  plain  preacher  of  solid  and  reliable 
qualities.     He  was  succeeded   by  Rev.  E.  E.  Scott  and  Rev.  J.  A.  Rankin,  the 
present  pastor,  who  is  deservedly  held  in  high  esteem. 
The  present  officers  of  the  church  are,  1897-98  : 

Pastor — Rev.  J.  A.  Rankin,  residence,  the  Parsonage,  225  Dunn  Ave. 
Classes— No.    I.  Sabbath  10  a.m.;  Leaders,  B.  Westwood,  W.  W.  Mason. 
<•  IV.  "         Rev.  Jas.  Smith. 

«     V.  G.  J.  Blackwell,  Mrs.  Blackwell. 

«  VI.  S.  R.  Allen. 

"  VII.  Win.  Hamilton,  J.  W.  Narraway. 

"  VIII.      "  J.  N.  Shannon,  W.  F.  Mountain. 

"     II.  Thursday,  8  p.m.  F.  Buchanan,  E.  A.  Stevens. 

"    III.  Wednesday,  3  p.m.     "          Mrs.  Dr.  Bascomb,   Mrs.  Clement, 

Mrs.  Welch. 

Week  day  Services — Prayer  meeting,  Wednesday  evening,  8  p.m. 
Classes — Thursday  evening,  8  p.m .;  Leader,  F.  Buchanan;  Assistant,  E.A.Stevens. 
Wednesday  afternoon,  3  p.m.;  Leader,  Mrs.  Clement ;  Assistants,  Mrs. 

Welch,  Mrs.  Dr.  Bascomb. 

Epworth  League— Monday  evening,  8  p.m.;  President,  J.  W.  W.  Stewart. 
Junior  Epworth  League— Harold  Harris,  President ;  Miss  Florence  Fish,  Sup 

Wednesday  evening,  7.30— The  Pew  Stewards  and  Envelope  Stewards  will  be 
in  attendance  in  No.  1  Class  Room. 

Women's  Missionary  Society — Monthly  meetings,  second  Monday  in  month, 

3  p.m. 

Ladies'  Aid  Society — Monthly  meetings,  first  Monday  in  month,  3  p.m. 

Board  of  Trustees— Rev.  J.  A.  Rankin,  Chairman  ;  G.  F.  Marter,  Treasurer  ; 
Sturgeon  Stewart,  Secretary ;  J.  W.  St.  John,  Dr.  A.  W.  Spalding,  J.  W.  Isaacs, 
Jonas  Coxhead,  A.  H.  Welch,  J.  M.  Redmond,  Arthur  Poole,  F.  Buchanan,  Joseph 
Lennox,  Isaac  Lennox,  W.  R.  King. 

The  Quarterly  Official  Board— T.  N.  Scripture,  Recording  Steward.  Stewards 
—A.  O.  Bucham,  H.  R.  Hardy,  J.  P.  Clemes,  Joseph  Lennox,  G.  F.  Marter,  Isaac 
Lennox,  J.  N.  Peer,  T.  N.  Scripture. 


Berean  Church. 

HIS  beautiful  little  church,  built  in  the  tabernacle  style  of  modern 
church  architecture,  which  nestles  to  the  east  of  the  great  mosque- 
like  asylum  buildings  of  Queen  Street  west,  takes  its  name  from  an 
interesting  passage  in  the  Acts  of  the  Apostles  :  "  And  the  brethren 
immediately  sent  away  Paul  and  Silas  by  night  unto  Berea ;  who,  coming 
thither,  went  into  the  synagogue  of  the  Jews.  These  were  more  noble 
than  those  in  Thessalonica,  in  that  they  received  the  word  with  all  readiness  of 
mind,  and  searched  the  scriptures  daily,  whether  these  things  were  so." 

The  inception  of  this  church  is  due  to  James  Stollery,  an  enthusiastic  and 
persevering  Christian  worker.  In  the  summer  of  1890  he  had  moved  to  the 
west  end  of  the  city.  He  had  been  a  worshipper  in  Agnes  Street,  had  sat 
beneath  the  preaching  of  J.  McD.  Kerr,  and  had  received  his  Christian  education 
in  that -church. 

He  allied  himself  with  Euclid  Avenue  Church,  but  he  was  not  content  to 
spend  his  time  in  passive  work,  so  in  the  summer  time  of  the  year  1890,  he, 
John  Thompson,  Charles  Vine,  Harry  Quant,  and  his  daughter,  Lulu  Stollery, 
who  was  a  sweet  singer,  held  meetings  in  the  open  air  at  the  corner  of  King  and 
Stafford  Streets  on  Sunday  afternoons.  They  subsequently  removed  to  the  cor 
ner  of  Bell  woods  Avenue  and  Queen  Street. 

The  immediate  result  was  that  a  workers'  meeting  was  held  in  the  Euclid  Ave 
nue  Church,  and  three  bands  were  formed  for  missionary  efforts  in  the  open  air. 
One,  led  by  Mr.  Stollery,  took  its  stand  upon  the  corner  of  Niagara  and  Tecum- 
seth  Streets,  and  preached  the  gospel  of  salvation.  Another,  led  by  William  Dun- 
lop,  invaded  Hackney  Street,  and  held  its  meetings  there.  The  third  band  was 
led  by  the  resolute  James  Thayer,  now  an  honored  member  of  Berea,  and  the 
rough  inhabitants  of  Mansfield  Avenue  would  gather  around  to  hear  the  tidings 
of  the  truth. 

As  the  summer  passed  away  and  the  winter  drew  nigh,  the  bands  would  gather 
at  the  separate  rendezvous,  the  leader  would  make  a  statement,  then  all  would 
17  249 

250  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

march  for  the  hall  over  Massey  &  Company's  offices,  the  use  of  which  had 
been  given  by  the  firm.  Here  for  more  than  twelve  months  splendid  meetings 
were  held  on  Sunday  afternoons.  Local  preachers  like  William  Dunlop,  James 
Thayer,  Mr.  Sturdy,  and  James  Stollery,  with  Isaac  Moore,  would  preach.  The 
Toronto  Conference  took  notice  of  the  work,  and  sent  Rev.  McD.  Kerr  to  organ 
ize  a  church,  which  was  duly  accomplished  in  Massey  Hall.  He  became  their 
first  pastor,  Aaron  Childs  the  first  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  with 
the  late  William  Britton  as  his  assistant ;  John  Todd  and  Harry  Quant  became 
class-leaders ;  Mrs.  Kerr,  wife  of  their  pastor,  led  the  singing  of  the  choir,  and 
Miss  Miller  became  their  first  organist,  and  so  the  germ  of  Berean  Church  had 
gradually  matured. 

The  exigencies  of  business  and  the  lack  of  room  compelled  the  Massey  firm  to 
convert  the  hall  into  offices,  and  the  new  organization  had  to  seek  new  quarters. 
They  erected  a  tent  on  the  north  side  of  Crawford  Street,  not  far  from  the 
location  of  the  present  church,  and  held  services  here  throughout  the  summer, 
many  new  members  being  brought  under  the  influence  of  the  gospel  under  the 
evangelical  preaching  of  Mr.  Kerr. 

As  winter  again  drew  near  they  secured  Murray  Hall,  at  the  corner  of 
Northcote  Avenue  and  Queen  Street,  and  worshipped  there  for  another  year. 
Some  of  the  old  families  that  worshipped  there  were : — Wm.  Dunlop,  Charles 
Patchet,  Joseph  Bailey,  of  Argyle  Street,  Todd,  Jas.  Stollery,  Stanley  Hewitt, 
Isaac  Moore,  and  Mrs.  Melluish.  Here  Aaron  Childs  continued  superintendent 
of  the  school,  and  Miss  Miller  as  organist,  while  Messrs.  Patchett  and  Freeman, 
as  well  as  Messrs.  Todd  and  Stollery,  became  leaders  of  classes. 

The  movement  extended  rapidly  in  Murray  Hall,  and  it  was  decided  to  build 
a  church.  Subscriptions  and  donations  were  given  in  a  liberal  spirit,  and  the 
undertaking  became  practicable.  The  Massey  family  gave  with  genuine  liber 
ality,  the  late  Mr.  Hart  A.  Massey,  the  father  of  the  family,  many  times  giving 
subscriptions  each  of  $100.  Isaac  Moore,  Elias  Rogers,  George  E.  Cox,  and  Mr. 
Weldon  were  also  among  the  most  ardent  supporters  in  a  financial  way. 

During  the  erection  of  the  building  the  congregation  removed  from  Murray 
Hall,  and  again  occupied  a  tent  on  Crawford  Street.  During  a  storm  it  was 
levelled  with  the  ground,  but  soon  again  was  pitched  for  worship. 

In  the  year  1892  Mr.  Hart  A.  Massey  laid   the  corner-stone,  and  later  on  it 


was  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God.  Three  successive  Sundays  of  special 
dedicatory  services  were  held,  and  among  the  preachers  on  these  occasions  were 
Kev.  Dr.  Potts,  Dr.  Carman,  and  Mr.  Starr. 

The  building  and  the  land  cost  between  $12,000  and  $13,000.  The  latter  was 
secured  from  a  loan  company,  and  consisted  of  seventy-six  feet,  the  price  whereof 
being  $41  per  foot.  Mr.  Larke,  the  architect,  drew  out  the  plans  for  the  edifice ; 
Mr.  Marshall  secured  the  contract  for  the  carpenter  work ;  while  Mr.  Lucas  at 
tended  to  the  masonry. 

^  The  original  trustees  were  Isaac  Moore,  James  Sturley,  William  Dunlop,  John 
Clark,  Henry  Pullen,  William  Munns,  James  Thayer8,  Dr.  Humble,  Mr.  Weldon 

and  Mr.  McCormack. 

Mr.  Kerr's  successful  term  of  three  years  was  almost  finished  when  the  new 

church  was  opened.     The  Rev.  Edward  Starr  succeeded  and  remained  two  years 

followed  by  E.   S.   Rowe.     Mr.   Laker  is  the  present  pastor.      An  interesting 

preacher,  and  an  able  speaker,  he  is  doing  a  gracious  work. 

The  present  Board  of  Trustees  is  composed  of  the  following  members  :  James 

Stollery,  Stanley  Hewitt,  Charles  Patchett,  Mr.  Fawkes  (the  undertaker),  Joseph 

Lloyd,  William  Dunlop  and  Isaac  Moore. 

The  class-leaders  are  John  Moore,  James  Stollery,  William  Dunlop  and  Law 
rence  Jakes. 

The  present  Bible-class  teacher  is  Mr.  Best,  who  succeeded  Mr.  Stollery,  who 
was  the  first  layman  who  occupied  that  position.  William  Dunlop  is  pew- 
steward  ;  Mr.  Lloyd,  secretary,  and  Richard  Hodge  is  treasurer. 

Mr.  Stollery  succeeded  Mr.  Childs  as  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School 
and  has  filled  the  position  for  years  with  marked  efficiency. 

Mr.  Edward  Roberts  leads  the  choir,  and  under  his  supervision  the  choristers 
have  performed  their  duties  with  excellent  taste,  so  much  so  that  the  Berean 
choir  is  gaming  a  deservedly  high  place  in  the  estimation  of  the  church-goW 
public  in  the  west  end. 

There  is  no  prettier  church  building  in  the  city.  It  is  built  in  the  same  style 
as  Broadway  Tabernacle.  It  Beats  nine  hundred  people,  a  capacity  which  is 
attained  by  an  excellent  gallery.  The  choir  occupy  seats  behind  the  pulpit  The 
round  cathedral  windows,  the  modern  pews,  the  taste  and  decorum  followed  in 
every  detail,  all  combine  to  make  a  church  than  which  a  more  comfortable  to 
worship  in  would  be  difficult  to  find. 


The  Centennial  and  Clinton  Street  Churches. 

X  Westmoreland  Avenue  in  1883,  on  the  eastern  side  of  the  street,  a 
little  south  of  the  location  where  now  stands  the  present  Westmore 
land  Methodist  Church,  there  stood  a  small  rough-cast  Baptist  meet 
ing-house  which  would  eeat  two  hundred  people.  That  denomina- 
tion  was  very  weak  in  the  north-western  suburbs,  and  when  through 
the  missionary  zeal  of  some  of  the  rich  members  of  the  Metropolitan 
Church  it  was  proposed  to  purchase  it  and  convert  it  into  a  Methodist  Church, 
the  arrangement  was  consummated  without  much  delay. 

This  was  done  in  1884,  and  the  Rev.  Mr.  McTavish  became  first  pastor  of  the 
new  organization,  and  ably  performed  his  duties.  Sylvester  Pugsley  became 
the  first  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School,  and  the  late  William  Price,  a 
rare  Christian  character,  a  local  preacher  and  an  earnest  worker,  became  leader 
of  a  class  and  afterwards  succeeded  Mr.  Pugsley  as  Superintendent  of  the  school 
The  first  trustees  were  Edward  Gurney ;  B.  E.  Bull,  the  barrister  ;  Dr.  Wiltnott, 
Thomas  Langlois,  Abner  R.  Price,  Mr.  Haughton,  R.  H.  White,  William  Moaher, 
James  Convoy,  William  Price. 

The  class  leaders  were  Thomas  Webb,  who  afterwards  started  a  Congregationalist 
Church  on  Salem  Avenue,  which,  however,  he  did  not  succeed  in  maintaining ; 
C.  R.  Shaw,  and  William  Price  before  mentioned. 

The  Rev.  T.  E.  Bartley  succeeded  to  the  pastoral  charge,  and  under  his  power 
ful  oratory  and  spiritual  preaching,  combined  with  evangelical  zeal  of  great 
ardour,  many  were  brought  to  a  knowledge  of  the  fundamental  truths  of  Christi 
anity,  and  the  church  flourished  in  strength  and  numbers. 

He  was  succeeded  here  by  the  Rev.  J.  J.  Ferguson,  and  during  his  time,  although 
the  little  chapel  had  now  been  in  use  only  seven  years,  it  was  decided  to  erect  a 
new  building. 

This  was  immediately  proceeded  with,  and  in  the  fall  of  1891  the  new 
church,  built  of  solid  brick  at  a  total  cost  of  $10,000,  with  seating  capacity 
for  four  hundred  people,  was  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God.  George  A. 



Cox  and  J.  P.  Bull  performed  the  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner-stones,  of  which 
there  were  two. 

The  Rev.  J.  J.  Ferguson  was  the  first  pastor  of  the  new  church.  He  was  a 
scholarly  preacher  and  a  devoted  servant  of  God.  Having  spent  a  term  of  three 
years,  partly  in  the  old  building  and  partly  in  the  new,  he  was  duly  succeeded  by 
the  Rev.  Peter  Addison,  a  typical  preacher  of  the  early  days,  of  powerful  physique, 
of  sterling  qualities  of  heart  and  mind,  and  a  speaker  distinguished  for  solidity  of 
reasoning  as  well  as  the  qualities  of  beseeching  eloquence,  who,  after  a  year's  ser 
vice,  was  compelled  by  the  infirmities  of  approaching  age  to  seek  superannuation 
and  a  rest  from  labor. 

Rev.  W.  J.  Smith  became  the  next  pastor,  and  spent  a  term  of  three  years  in 
successful  labor.  During  his  time,  in  1893,  the  church  amalgamated  with  Perth 
Avenue  and  Zion  churches,  he  becoming  superintendent  of  the  circuit,  but  after 
two  years'  time  the  plan  was  relinquished. 

The  present  pastor,  and  Mr.  Smith's  successor,  is  Rev.  E.  J.  Hart,  son  of  Dr. 
Hart,  the  missionary  to  China. 

He  is  much  beloved  and  held  in  high  regard  by  his  present  congregation.  Un 
der  his  pastoral  care  the  church  is  flourishing,  the  attendance  increasing,  and  the 
membership  growing. 

The  church  contains  no  gallery,  and  only  the  infant  classes  of  the  Sunday 
School  meet  in  the  basement. 

The  Centennial  Church  stands  on  the  east  side  of  Dovercourt  Road,  a  little 
south  of  Bloor  Street,  and  its  architecture  is  pleasing  and  tasty.  Two  main 
entrances,  reached  by  a  platform  of  eight  steps,  give  admission  within  ;  the 
modern  pews,  and  the  neatness  of  finish  and  the  propriety  of  taste  everywhere 
displayed,  combine  to  make  one  of  the  most  homely  and  comfortable  churches  in 
the  city.  The  acoustic  properties  are  unexcelled,  and  add  to  the  many  qualities 
which  unite  to  make  this  an  essentially  home-like  church.  The  land  was  pur 
chased  from  J.  L.  Daw,  at  a  cost  of  $3,000. 

In  this  new  church  William  Price  became  first  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday 
School.  When  he  died  Thomas  Langlois  performed  the  duties  for  six  months,  and 
was  succeeded  by  George  Ward,  the  present  Superintendent,  an  efficient  and 
esteemed  officer. 

A  history  of  this  church  would  be  incomplete  without  a  remembrance  of  Mrs. 

254  THE    HISTORY   OF   THE 

William  Mosher,  who  for  several  years  previous  to  her  departure  for  Buffalo 
labored  untiringly  to  promote  its  interests  financially  and  spiritually.  She  was 
truly  a  mother  of  Israel,  and  her  memory  is  not  forgotten.  She  was  the  wife  of 
William  Mosher,  one  of  the  original  trustees,  mother-in-law  of  Abner  Price  and 
grandmother  of  Mr.  Langlois,  and  mother  of  William  Emery,  another  trustee. 
In  class  meetings  her  presence  ever  was  an  inspiration,  and  many  a  trembling 
convert  has  taken  new  courage  after  listening  to  her  words  of  wisdom. 

The  first  trustees  of  the  new  building  were  :  J.  P.  Bull,  J.  J.  Withrow,  A..  R. 
Price,  Thomas  Langlois,  Secretary ;  William  Price,  R.  H.  White,  T.  A.  Pearsall, 
H.  Richardson,  T.  S.  Smith,  D.  Pettit,  Wm.  Mosher,  William  Emery,  Treasurer. 

The  present  class  leaders  are :  Hugh  Richardson,  T.  S.  Smith  and  the  pastor. 
Mark  Crocker  and  J.  Peterman  are  ushers. 

The  Sunday  School  is  in  a  flourishing  condition.  Starting  with  a  membership 
of  eighty,  the  average  attendance  now  numbers  some  two  hundred  and  fifty 
scholars.  Here,  T.  S.  Smith  teaches  the  Bible  Class  ;  genial  Thomas  Langloia  is 
deputy  superintendent ;  Irvine  Pugsley  officiates  as  secretary ;  and  Dr.  Dumble 
is  treasurer.  They  possess  a  small  but  well-selected  library. 

In  the  choir,  T.  S.  Smith  is  leader,  and  J.  T.  Evans  organist,  and  under  their 
painstaking  efforts  the  singing  has  attained  a  high  order  of  merit. 

When  Toronto  gives  evidence  of  its  second  growth  of  great  prosperity,  and 
when  the  western  and  northern  suburbs  become  more  thickly  populated,  and  the 
busy  hum  of  many  people  is  heard  upon  the  now  vacant  streets,  then  a  larger 
share  and  a  fuller  responsibility  will  rest  upon  Centennial  Church  to  lead  the 
"  flock  unshepherded  "  into  the  peaceful  paths  of  life.  She  has  but  to  continue  in 
her  present  ways  for  time  to  prove  her  equal  to  the  trust.  (1897-98.) 

Clinton  Street  Church. 

In  1887  Mr.  Farley,  father  of  the  temperance  movement  in  the  west  end, 
lived  in  a  capacious  frame  house  on  Clinton  Street,  opposite  where  now  stands 
the  Methodist  Church.  He  was  a  missionary  in  spirit,  and  in  his  zeal  he  opened 
his  home  for  cottage  prayer- meetings,  and  invited  several  of  his  friends  from 
Wesley  Church  to  attend.  Among  those  who  accepted  the  invitation  were  John 
Thompson,  of  Queen  Street  West,  Thomas  Sanderson,  Matthew  Bullmer  and 


Prayer- meetings  were  held  from  that  time  with  regularity,  and  an  interesting 
work  was  begun  which  was  destined  to  assume  respectable  proportions.  Winter 
passed  over,  and  in  the  spring-time  Mr.  Farley  moved  away.  The  Christian 
workers  were  left  without  a  meeting  place.  A  deputation  waited  upon  the 
Quarterly  Board  of  Wesley  Church,  representing  the  needs  of  the  new  movement 
and  beseeching  help.  A  tent  was  procured  and  erected  upon  the  site  of  the  pre 
sent  church,  and  a  supply  of  local  preachers  was  arranged.  The  first  local 
preacher  was  Mr.  French,  an  old  Methodist,  who  for  many  years  had  worshipped 
in  Wesley.  Two  services  upon  the  Sabbath  day  and  a  Sunday  School  were 
held.  Mr.  Stinson,  likewise  a  member  of  Wesley,  became  first  superintendent  of 
the  school,  which  numbered  some  forty  scholars.  Miss  Cross,  a  daughter  of 
Rev.  William  Cross,  became  organist,  and  among  the  other  local  preachers  who 
occupied  the  pulpit  were  Mr.  Charles  and  Mr.  Denton. 

The  tent  would  contain  about  one  hundred  and  fifty  people,  and  an  effective 
spiritual,  evangelical  work  was  accomplished  and  carried  on  throughout  the 
summer.  When  winter  approached,  became  necessary  to  seek  warmer 

At  the  same  time,  through  aid  from  Broadway  Tabernacle,  a  Sunday  School 
had  been  established,  which  met  in  the  home  of  Mr.  Bush,  who  resided  on  the 
west  side  of  Euclid  Avenue,  a  little  south  of  College  Street.  It  was  expanding 
rapidly,  and  had  already  become  a  vital  movement.  The  two  missions,  the  one 
deriving  its  support  from  Wesley  and  the  other  claiming  the  ^Tabernacle  as  its 
base  of  supplies,  now  decided  to  amalgamate  and  join  their  forces.  This  was 
done,  and  Jubilee  Hall,  located  on  the  north  side  of  College  Street,  a  little  east 
of  Clinton  Street,  was  secured  for  purposes  of  worship.  A  new  arrangement  was 
made,  by  which  five  men  from  Wesley  Church  and  five  men  from  the  Taber 
nacle  were  chosen  to  manage  the  affairs  of  the  growing  movement.  Here  class- 
meetings  were  established,  one  of  their  leaders  being  Mr.  Middleton,  a  local 
preacher.  Frank  Denton  succeeded  Mr.  Stinson  as  superintendent  of  the  Sun 
day  School.  Many  new  local  preachers  occupied  the  pulpit,  and  an  ordained 
minister  came  at  intervals  to  administer  the  sacraments.  The  Middleton  family 
were  the  chief  singers  of  the  choir  at  the  time,  while  the  attendance  grew 
rapidly,  warm-hearted  fraternity  distinguished  the  membership. 

After  occupying  the  hall  for  some  months  the  average  attendance  was  more 


than  two  hundred  people,  and  it  was  thought  advisable  that  a  church  should 
be  built.  John  Douglas,  Miles  Vokes,  John  Thompson  and  Frank  Denton  were 
appointed  a  committee  to  attend  to  the  erection.  They  bought  the  land  of  the 
present  church  site  on  Clinton  Street  from  Mrs.  Potter,  paying  $4-0  a  foot,  at  a 
total  cost  of  $2,849. 

The  first  Quarterly  Board  meeting  was  held  in  Jubilee  Hall  on  the  ninth  day 
of  August,  1888.  The  following  composed  the  first  Board  of  Trustees  of  the 
proposed  church:  A.  Middleton,  A.  Chard,  Henry  Nefe,  Recording  Steward; 
James  D.  Roberts,  Secretary-Treasurer;  Frank  Denton,  Miles  Vokes,  John 
Douglas,  John  Withrow,  Edward  Gurney,  John  Harvey,  John  Reilly  and  Mr. 

The  contract  for  the  erection  of  the  church  was  duly  given,  and  building  oper 
ations  were  started  early  in  the  fall  of  1888.  On  the  tenth  day  of  October, 
Edward  Gurney  performed  the  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner-stone,  and  on 
March  loth,  1889,  the  church  was  solemnly  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God. 
Dr.  Wild  and  Dr.  Potts  preaching  the  opening  sermons.  The  collections  for  the 
day  exceeded  $400. 

The  church,  which  cost  altogether  some  $14,000,  is  located  on  the  west  side  of 
Clinton  Street,  a  short  distance  north  of  College  Street.  It  is  a  comfortable 
building,  with  seating  capacity  for  eight  hundred  people.  The  first  superin 
tendent  of  the  Sunday  School  was  Frank  Denton,  who,  after  filling  the  position 
with  great  fidelity  for  several  years,  resigned  andwas  succeeded  by  James  D. 

The  first  class  leaders  were  :  A.  Middleton  and  A.  Charles.  John  Harvey  led 
the  singing ;  Mr.  Jesse  Middleton  officiated  as  organist. 

The  first  pastor  in  charge  was  Rev.  Charles  Langford,  and  under  his  care  the 
church  made  rapid  progress.  He  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Charles  E.  Manning,  and 
he  also  spent  three  years,  followed  by  Rev.  R.  P.  Bowles.  After  two  years  he 
was  succeeded  by  Rev.  W.  A.  Rodwell,  the  present  pastor,  a  genuine  evangelical 
preacher,  who  is  doing  effective  work.  (January,  1899.) 

The  present  Sunday  School  has  an  average  attendance  of  308,  and  is  in  a  pros 
perous  condition.  The  membership  of  the  church  is  about  325. 

The  choir  leader  is  Mr.  McCoy,  who  possesses  a  voice  of  sweetness  and  melody. 
The  organist  is  Miss  L.  Carbert. 


The  class  leaders  are :  C.  J.  Wilson,  John  Hughson,  the  Pastor,  John  Reilly, 
J.  D.  Roberts  and  Miss  M.  Morgan. 

The  Epworth  League  is  led  by  Mr.  W.  H.  Fowler,  who  succeeded  Mr.  W.  Wil- 
cox.  The  secretary  of  the  Sunday  School  is  W.  H.  Fowler ;  the  treasurer,  John 

These  particulars  were  for  the  period  of  1898-99. 


Central  and  Agnes  Street  Churches. 

'N  the  northern  portion  of  the  city  one  of  the  leading  churches  in  the 
Methodist  denomination  is  that  known  as  the  Central,  situated  on 
the  western  corner  of  Bloor  and  Gwynne  Streets,  the  principal  en 
trance  being  on  the  former  thoroughfare.  This  church  was  formerly 
in  the  village  of  Yorkville,  but  now  is  one  of  the  City  churches.  It  is  a 
white  brick  building,  in  the  modern  Gothic  style  of  architecture,  having 
stone  dressings  and  a  tower  from  which  arises  a  light  and  graceful  steeple.  The 
interior  of  the  church  is  very  fine,  the  seating  capacity  being  about  1,300,  on 
the  principal  floor  the  pews  are  arranged  in  a  semi-circle,  and  much  the  same 
arrangement  obtains  in  the  galleries.  The  pulpit  is  in  the  north  end  of  the 
church,  and  the  organ  is  placed  in  a  large  recess  immediately  at  the  back  of  it, 
the  choir  being  situated  in  front  of  the  organ  and  behind  the  preacher.  On 
either  side  of  the  organ  are  the  Ten  Commandments,  embossed  upon  large  red 
tablets.  In  the  north-west  corner  of  the  church,  under  the  gallery,  is  a  marble 
tablet  to  the  memory  of  Joseph  Bloor,  Esq.,  who  gave  the  land  upon  which  the 
church  is  built.  Mr.  Bloor  died  August  31st,  1862,  in  the  75th  year  of  his  age. 

In  the  year  1876  a  parsonage  was  built  on  Gwynne  Street,  next  to  the  care 
taker's  home.  It  is  a  comfortably  constructed  house,  in  which  the  interior  ar 
rangements  are  excellent.  The  history  of  the  Central  Methodist  Church  is  as 
follows : — The  church  was  first  established  in  a  small  frame  building  on  the 
north  side  of  what  is  now  Bismarck  Avenue,  in  1837,  and  continued  there  until 
1854,  when  the  present  building  was  erected.  From  the  date  of  its  formation 
until  1865,  when  it  became  an  independent  church,  it  formed  part  of  the  East 
Toronto  circuit.  The  Rev.  John  Potts  was  the  pastor  wh»n  the  church  became 
independent.  The  building  has  been  twice  enlarged,  first  in  1877,  when  new 
wings  were  added  to  the  nave,  and  again  in  1892,  when  still  further  enlargement 
was  made  in  the  north  end.  Prior  to  1865  the  church  had  no  regular  pastor, 
being  served  by  itinerant  clergymen  from  various  Toronto  and  district  churches. 



The  pastors  since  1865  have  been  these  : 

1865-6-7,  Rev.  John  Potts,  D.D. 

1867-8-9-70,  Rev.  Alexander  Sutherland,  D.D. 

1870-1-2,  Rev.  Ephraim  Evans,  D.D. 

1872-3-4-5,  Rev.  N.  R.  Willoughby. 

1875-6,  Rev  D.  C.  McDowell. 

1876-7-8,  Rev.  J.  E.  Betto. 

1878-9-80-1,  Rev.  W.  J.  Hunter,  D.D. 

1881-2-3-4,  Rev.  George  Cochrane,  D.D. 

1884-5-6-7,  Rev.  Manly  Benson,  D.D. 

1887-8-9-90,  Rev.  Coverdale  Watson. 

1890-1-2-3,  Rev.  W.  J.  Maxwell. 

1893-4-5,  Rev.  D.  G.  Sutherland,  D.D. 

1895-6-7,  Rev.  G.  J.  Bishop. 

1898-9,  Rev.  Wm.  H.  Hincks. 

The  officers  of  the  church  in  1896-97,  were  these,  though  at  this  date  (1898) 
there  have  been  some  changes  : 


C.  Potter,  C.  H.  Bishop,  H.  M.  Wilkinson,  A.  Macdougall,  George  Pears,  Sr., 
William  Britton,  W.  G.  Bilton,  Joseph  Tait,  S.  Wickson,  H.  J.  Matthews,  A.  Wil 
liamson,  A.  R.  Williams,  R.  H.  Ramsey,  W.  J.  Hill,  Joseph  Woodsworth,  Thomas 
Parker,  D.  G.  Ross,  W.  E.  H.  Massey,  J.  B.  Boustead,  J.  McLellan. 

Pew  Steward,  H.  M.  Wilkinson. 


Rev.  William  H.  Hincks,  Chairman  ;  W.  G.  Bilton,  Secretary ;  R.  H.  Ramsey, 
A.  R.  Williams,  T.  C.  Jeffers,  R.  G.  Kirby. 

Treasurer  Building  Fund,  S.  Wickson ;  Secretary  Trustee  Board,  S.  Wickson. 
Sunday  School  Superintendent,  A.  R.  Williams. 
Musical  Director,  A.  W.  Blight. 

Agnes  Street  Church. 

This  church  was  built  in  1873,  its  original  cost  somewhat  exceeding  $23,000. 
It  is  a  modern  white  brick,  Gothic  building,  and  will  comfortably  seat  some 
what  more  than  1,200  people.  Attached  to  it  there  is  a  good  Sunday  School 

260  THE   HISTORY    OF   THE 

room,  partially  underground,  capable  of  seating  comfortably  more  than  500 
children.  Before  the  union  of  the  different  sects  in  the  Methodist  denomination, 
Agnes  Street  church  was  the  property  of  the  body  known  as  the  "  Bible 
Christians,"  they  having  commenced  services  in  a  wooden  building  on  the  south 
east  corner  of  Agnes  and  Edward  Streets.  When  the  union  of  the  various 
Methodist  bodies  was  brought  about,  the  work  in  Agnes  Street  received  a  very 
great  impetus,  probably  no  church  in  Toronto  or  its  immediate  vicinity  prosper 
ing  more  than  it  did.  A  writer  of  1886,  speaking  of  Agnes  Street  church,  says 
(and  the  remarks  he  made  then  are  equally  true  to-day)  :  "  A  peculiarity  of  this 
church  is  the  fact  that  it  is  the  only  church  on  the  American  continent  that  has 
services  every  night  in  the  week,  winter  and  summer,  and  they  are  largely 
attended,  the  class  meetings  numbering  from  150  to  200.  Anyone  visiting 
Agnes  Street  church  will  be  cordially  received,  courteously  treated,  and  the  good 
possible  to  be  done  for  him  will  be  freely  offered." 

The  pastors  of  Agnes  Street  church  since  its  inception  have  been  as  follows  : 
Revs.  J.  J.  Rice,  William  Jolliffe,  Edward  Roberts,  John  M.  Wilkinson.  After 
Mr.  Wilkinson  came,  from  1888-1891,  the  Rev.  W.  R.  Rodwell.  He  was  followed 
by  the  Rev.  G.  Webber  until  1893  ;  then  came  for  the  second  time  the  Rev.  J.  M. 
Kerr,  who  remained  until  1896,  when  his  place  was  taken  by  the  Rev.  W.  J. 
Smith.  The  latter-named  pastor  remained  until  1899. 


Simpson  Avenue  Church. 

,  HE  record  of  this  church  shows  how  rapidly  it  has  developed  from  a 
struggling  mission  into  a  self-sustaining  and  aggressive  movement  of 
evangelical  effort  and  spiritual  strength.  In  the  month  of  May  in 
the  year  1889  a  few  earnest  Methodists,  all  •  residents  of  the  East 
End,  became  impressed  with  the  idea  that  in  the  northerly  section  of 
that  part  of  Toronto  known  as  "  East  of  the  Don,"  there  was  room  for 
missionary  work.  A  meeting  was  consequently  held,  the  situation  discussed,  a 
subscription  list  opened,  and  about  one  hundred  dollars  contributed  toward  the 
erection  of  a  building,  necessarily  of  small  dimensions  and  of  plain  architecture. 
The  Sherbourne  Street  Methodist  Quarterly  Board,  who  had  on  previous 
occasions  proved  by  financial  and  personal  assistance  that  their  sympathies  lay 
with  struggling  movements,  were  waited  upon  by  a  small  deputation,  and  asked 
to  organize  the  mission.  They  immediately  promised  to  look  into  the  matter, 
and  after  some  discussion  a  committee  was  appointed  to  visit  the  neighborhood. 
This  committee  reported  favorably  on  the  suitability  of  the  district  for  the  pro 
posed  work. 

In  the  meantime  meetings  were  organized  in  the  home  of  Mrs.  Stokes  at  757 
Gerrard  Street  East,  and  here  on  the  ninth  day  of  June  at  seven  o'clock  in  the 
evening  the  first  meeting  was  held.  Rough  boards  placed  across  chairs  were 
used  as  seats  and  a  small  table  served  as  a  pulpit  from  which  a  local  preacher 
from  Sherbourne  Street  church  exhorted  his  small  congregation  to  persevere  until 
the  land  was  theirs.  Such  was  the  beginning  of  the  present  Methodist  chapel, 
situated  on  the  south  side  of  Simpson  Avenue,  near  the  intersection  of  Howland 
Road,  which  stands  to-day  a  monument  to  the  perseverance  and  zeal  of  a  handful  of 
men  and  women  who  some  eight  years  ago  decided  to  establish  divine  worship  in 
a  neglected  neighborhood. 

The  late  Rev.  James  Gray  was  appointed  to  this  Mission  charge  by  the  then 
chairman  of  the  district,  and  his  fostering  efforts  in  its  behalf  led  to  an  advance 
in  its  prosperity. 


262  THE   HISTORY   OF    THE 

Seeing  the  need  of  more  comfortable  seats,  two  officials  of  the  parent  church 
gave  fifty  ckairs,  then  hymn  books  and  a  good  cabinet  organ  were  purchased  by 
the  members  of  the  mission.  On  the  following  Sunday,  the  sixteenth  day  of 
June,  1889,  a  Sunday  School  was  organized  with  an  initial  attendance  of  seven 

The  meetings  grew  in  interest  and  the  congregation  gradually  increased  until 
two  large  rooms  were  scarcely  sufficient  to  contain  the  worshippers. 

Although  small  progress  had  been  made  with  the  subscription  list,  the  idea  of 
building  a  church  for  divine  worship  had  become  firmly  fixed  in  the  minds  of  the 
leaders  of  the  movement.  With  this  end  in  view  a  meeting  was  held  in  the 
early  part  of  the  following  year,  1890,  at  which  the  Revs.  Dr.  Stafford  and  Gray, 
Mr.  Emerson  Coatsworth,  Jr.,  and  other  representatives  of  the  mission  were 

After  discussing  the  advisability  of  purchasing  a  lot  and  erecting  a  small 
building  thereon,  it  was  thought  more  prudes  t  to  lease  a  small  lot  if  possible,  and 
erect  a  small  building,  which  might  finally,  if  the  cause  prospered,  be  used  for 
the  purpose  of  a  Sunday  School.  At  this  meeting  three  hundred  dollars  were 
subscribed  ;  then  the  wealthier  members  of  Sherbourne  Street  church  were  inter 
viewed,  and  so  liberally  did  they  respond  that  a  sufficient  sum  was  soon  obtained 
to  warrant  the  commencement  of  the  building. 

The  Rev.  James  Matheson,  who  had  many  years  before  officiated  as  the  first 
pastor  of  Gerrard  Street  church,  was  waited  upon  by  a  committee  representing 
the  Mission,  and  besought  to  take  charge  of  the  new  movement.  Upon  receiving 
the  approval  of  the  Stationing  Committee  he  consented  to  the  request. 

The  erection  of  the  building  was  begun  about  the  end  of  the  month  of  May 
1890,  and  in  three  months  it  was  ready  for  divine  worship.  On  August  24th,  it 
was  formally  opened  and  dedicated,  the  Rev.  J.  E.  Starr,  Rev.  Dr.  Hunter,  and 
Dr.  Berrette,  then  President  of  the  English  Conference,  preaching  at  the  initial 
services  which  were  well  attended. 

On  the  Sunday  following  the  opening  services  were  continued,  and  the  Rev 
W.  F.  Wilson  and  the  late  Rev.  Dr.  Shaw  occupied  the  pulpit.  On  September 
7th,  the  first  tea-meeting  took  place.  It  was  held  in  a  large  tent  erected  for  the 
purpose  on  the  grounds  adjoining  the  church.  It  was  brilliantly  litghted,  and  at 
the  tables  were  some  300  people.  The  Rev.  Dr.  Potts  and  Rev.  Dr.  Briggs 
were  among  the  speakers. 


The  new  structure  is  a  brick-cased  building,  32  ft.  by  60  ft.  in  size,  and  con 
tains  seating  capacity  for  nearly  350  people. 

The  original  trustees  were  T.  W.  Elliott,  George  Washington,  G.  W.  Fitzpatrick, 
O.  Gammond,  G.  F.  Harrington,  W.  K.  Hind,  W.  Howell,  A.  Stephens,  James 
Stokes,  and  Henry  Care,  which  personnel  remains  the  same,  with  but  few  excep 
tions  unto  now  (1898). 

The  church  has  had  a  phenomenal  growth  from  a  membership  of  twenty-two 
in  1890,  to  a  present  membership  of  nearly  three  hundred.  The  Sunday  School 
also  has  expanded  with  rare  rapidity.  Originating  in  an  attendance  of  seven 
scholars,  there  are  now  three  hundred  names  upon  the  roll  The  success  of  the 
school  is  due  in  no  small  measure  to  the  consecrated  life  of  George  Fitzpatrick, 
many  years  its  superintendent.  The  gentleness  of  his  manners,  the  irreproach 
able  simplicity  of  his  life,  the  kindliness  of  heart,  and  the  wide  charity  of  which 
his  character  was  composed,  endeared  him  to  all  with  whom  he  came  in  contact. 
He  died  early  in  the  year  1897. 

He  was  indeed  the  worthy  descendant  of  worthy  ancestors.  The  family 
originally  came  from  Sligo,  Ireland,  and  were  one  of  the  earliest  settlers  in  the 
Township  of  Scarboro.  His  grandfather  was  a  zealous  Methodist  and  an  exhorter 
of  considerable  power.  One  night,  after  attending  a  protracted  meeting,  in  driv 
ing  home  he  lost  his  way  in  the  forest  and  was  compelled  to  tie  his  horse  to^a 
tree  and  wait  for  the  morn  to  break  before  he  could  proceed.  His  son,  Duncan 
Fitzpatrick — George's  father — was  a  local  preacher  throughout  his  life.  He 
sometimes  occupied  the  pulpit  of  Simpson  Avenue,  and  his  sermons  were  rich 
treats,  while  his  prayers  were  a  revelation  of  the  gentleness  of  his  character. 

He  too  passed  away  a  week  previous  to  his  son's  death. 

From  the  Minutes  of  the  Toronto  Annual  Conference  the  following^abstract  of 
contributions  made  to  pastoral  support  and  the  Connexional  Funds  is  made  : 

1892-3,  Pastoral  support $685.00 

Connexional  funds 90.64 

Other  sources 4*57.00 

Total $1,232.64 



1895-6,  Pastoral  support $1,056.00 

Connexional  funds 270.00 

Other  sources  . 

Total $2,25o.OO 

Mr.  Matheson,  having  occupied  the  pulpit  for  a  term  of  three  years,  he  was 
followed  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  E.  Bartley. 

The  phenomenal  growth  of  the  church  is  due  in  no  small  measure  to  the 
eminent  abilities  and  untiring  evangelical  endeavors  of  this  remarkable  man. 

He  was  born  in  Ireland,  at  Moy,  in  the  county  of  Tyrone,  on  the  16th  day  of 
May,  1860. 

His  early  years  were  spent  in  farm  life  and  the  rudiments  of  education  he 
received  in  the  National  Schools  of  the  Emerald  Isle. 

Coming  to  Canada  in  early  manhood  he  studied  for  the  ministry,  receiving  his 
theological  training  in  the  Wesleyan  Theological  College  and  McGill  University 
of  Montreal. 

As  a  probationer  he  was  stationed  at  Dolston  circuit  in  the  Barrie  district  and 
Pickering  circuit  in  the  Whitby  district,  and  there  in  the  year  1887  he  was 
ordained  by  the  Toronto  Conference  and  was  sent  to  Dovercourt now  West 
moreland  Ave.— Church  as  his  first  appointment.  Here  he  remained  three  years, 
and  succeeded  to  the  Davisville  Church,  where  he  spent  a  full  pastoral  term.  He 
was  then  appointed  to  Simpson  Ave.  and  under  his  eloquent  preaching  and 
untiring  pastoral  labors  this  struggling  mission  gradually  expanded  into  a  strong 
church  of  deep  strength,  whose  evangelical  endeavors  have  left  their  impressions 
in  every  section  of  the  Eastern  suburbs. 

As  a  preacher  he  excelled.  He  threw  his  whole  heart  and  soul  into  his 
sermons,  and  his  manner  altogether  was  ot  the  most  impassioned  kind.  Yet 
there  was  nothing  extravagant  in  the  matter. 

The  secret  of  his  success  consisted  entirely  in  the  energy  of  his  delivery.  A 
sermon  preached  by  a  pigmy  in  intellect  but  with  the  warmth  and  fervor  of 
genuine  heart-yearning,  will  infinitely  surpass  the  finest  of  eloquent  orations 
when  delivered  in  a  cold  informal  way.  Preachers  who  tell  of  love  divine 
must  themselves  reflect  it,  else  are  their  labors  vain. 

He  was  an  acceptable   preacher.     There    was   an   earnestness   in   his  general 


manner  which  at  once  produced  the  conviction  on  the  minds  of  all  who  heard 
him,  that  his  heart  was  in  the  work,  and  that  he  was  fully  alive  to  the  respon 
sibility  of  the  situation  in  which  he  stood,  as  the  messenger  of  grace  to  guilty 
men.  As  a  conversationalist  he  was  a  delightful  companion  and  displayed 
in  a  striking  way  the  captivating  graces  of  the  nationality  from  which  he 
sprung.  Upon  his  removal  to  Collingwood,  where  he  was  appointed  chairman 
of  the  district,  a  great  revival  occurred,  never  before  equalled  in  the  northern 
country,  some  three  hundred  people  having  been  brought  into  the  church  there. 
He  was  succeeded  in  Simpson  Avenue  by  Rev.  J.  H.  Locke,  who  some  six 
months  later  was  replaced  by  the  present  pastor,  Rev.  W.  E.  Hassard  under 
whose  care  the  church  is  thriving  with  an  abundant  success. 



Zion   Church.     (Originally  known  as  Lomas'  Mission.) 

UILT  in  the  mediaeval  Gothic  style,  Zion  Church  is  one  of  the 
prettiest  structures  within  the  radius  of  Toronto  city.  Situated  on 
the  southern  side  of  St.  Clair  Avenue,  in  the  suburb  of  Bracondale, 
on  the  elevation  of  land  which  rises  to  a  plateau  north  of  Daven 
port  Road,  its  high  location  adds  to  the  interest  of  the  site  and  the 
beauty  of  the  surrounding  view.  Looking  southward,  appears  in  the 
distance,  the  scattered  houses  and  newly  opened  angular  streets  which  mark 
the  progress  of  the  expanding  city.  Afar  to  the  south-east  gleaming  in  the 
sun,  arise  the  spires  and  minarets  and  lofty  buildings  of  the  metropolis.  To 
the  north  the  dotted  homesteads,  the  patches  of  bush  and  the  fields  of  waving 
grain  appear,  while  towards  the  east  the  winding  road  of  Davenport,  which 
takes  its  course  along  the  foot  of  the  hill  whereon  many  an  historic  homestead 
has  been  erected,  opens  the  way  to  Yonge  Street. 

In  the  month  of  February  in  the  year  1876,  a  small  number  of  the  residents 
of  Bracondale  gathered  in  the  cottage  of  Samuel  Fairhead,  who  then  resided  on 
the  south  side  of  Albert  Street,  which  runs  off  Christie  Street.  A  prayer- 
meeting  was  begun,  and  the  feeble  movement  was  destined  to  expand.  The 
different  Methodist  families  of  the  locality  in  turn  threw  open  their  doors  for 
the  meetings,  and  weekly  gatherings  and  preaching  services  were  held,  which 
drew  a  fair  attendance. 

In  the  homes  of  Mr.  Spaul,  of  Victoria  Street,  Mr.  Brimacombe,  of  Spadina 
Road,  Mr.  Courtice,  then  of  Davenport  Road,  and  now  of  Orangeville,  and 
Richard  Punnett,  of  Christie  Street,  these  gatherings  were  held. 

As  the  summer  advanced  and  the  cold  weather  passed  away,  a  regular  Sunday 
afternoon  preaching  service  was  conducted  in  Bartlett's  Bush,  south  of  St.  Clair 
Avenue.  These  services  were  well  attended  by  the  residents  of  the  surrounding 
district,  and  local  preachers  from  Yorkville  and  Euclid  Avenue  Church  preached 
to  the  assembled  gatherings.  Among  the  preachers  of  that  time  still  remem 
bered,  were  the  late  Mr.  Bulder  and  Mr.  Thompson,  of  Yorkville ;  Mr.  Dunlop 



and  Mr.  Matthews,  of  Euclid  Avenue  Church ;  and  Mr.  Brimacombe,  an  old 
time  Primitive  Methodist  local  preacher,  whose  descendants  have  been  since  his 
time  ardent  supporters  and  untiring  workers. 

In  the  following  winter,  Mr.  Punnett  had  the  central  partitions  removed  from 
an  unoccupied  house  in  the  rear  of  his  residence  and  converted  it  into  a  meeting 
house.  Here  the  services  were  held  for  more  than  a  year.  The  Rev.  W.  Lomas 
who  lived  in  the  locality,  an  old  time  Primitive  Methodist  preacher,  who  had 
spent  many  years  in  missionary  work  among  the  early  settlers,  and  who  now 
resides  in  the  Lone  Star  state  of  Texas,  frequently  conducted  the  services,  and 
whence  arose  the  name  "Lomas'  Mission,"  while  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hughan,  then 
stationed  at  Euclid  Avenue  Church,  visited  the  Mission  once  a  quarter  to  admin 
ister  the  Sacraments. 

A  class  was  formed  which  met  for  fellowship  after  the  preaching.  Of  this 
class  Mr.  Lomas  became  leader,  and  his  earnest  Christian  character,  and  the 
general  amenity  of  his  manners  helped  in  no  small  degree  to  place  the  Mission 
on  a  foundation.  As  time  rolled  around,  the  cottage  became  too  small  to 
accommodate  the  growing  congregation. 

Mr.  Punnett,  whose  genuine  liberality  was  displayed  in  numerous  ways, 
donated  a  plot  of  ground  on  St.  Glair  Avenue,  a  little  westerly  ©f  the  present 
church,  as  a  site  for  the  erection  of  a  suitable  place  of  worship,  and  building 
proceedings  were  commenced  in  the  spring  time  of  the  year.  On  the  24th  of 
May,  1878,  a  raising  bee  was  held  and  the  frame  erected.  On  the  21st  day 
of  June  of  the  same  year  the  church  was  dedicated  to  the  worship  of  God,  the 
Rev.  R.  Cade  preaching  the  sermon  for  the  occasion. 

It  was  a  small,  plain  rough-cast  building,  in  size  about  twenty  feet  by  forty, 
of  no  architectural  pretensions.  Its  seating  capacity  afforded  accommodation  for 
one  hundred  people.  The  benches  were  received  from  the  Bathurst  Street 
Church,  by  whose  congregation  they  had  been  discarded.  The  melodeon,  which 
wa«  the  first  musical  instrument  possessed  by  the  new  movement,  was  likewise 
procured  from  the  Bathurst  Street  congregation,  the  price  was  $24.00.  It  has 
had  an  interesting  career,  and  after  years  of  service  it  is  now  used  as  a  Com 
munion  Table  in  the  new  Zion  Church.  Here  Mr.  William  Brimacombe  became 
the  first-class  leader.  His  class  met  before  the  morning  service. 

Mr.  Perry  organized  the  first  choir,  Miss  Lomas  played  the  organ,  and  her 

268  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

brothers,  who  were  all  good  singers,  were  regular  attendants.  Mr.  Perry  was 
subsequently  succeeded  by  Mr.  Lainson  and  Miss  Wilson,  who  became  choir 
leader  and  organist  respectively.  In  the  early  time,  Mr.  William  Woolett, 
attended  by  the  choir  of  the  Bathurst  Street  Church,  frequently  visited  the 
services  and  assisted  in  the  singing.  Needless  to  say  these  visits  were  highly 

The  Sunday  School  was  organized  on  the  day  of  the  opening  of  the  Church, 
and  an  attendance  of  some  forty  scholars  were  present  at  its  inauguration. 
William  Brimacombe  was  appointed  superintendent ;  his  son,  William,  acted 
as  Secretary  ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Punnett,  Mrs.  Stephen  Rogers  and  Mr.  George  Rogers 
taught  classes  of  boys  and  girls.  The  growth  of  the  Sunday  School  has  been 
since  that  time  gradually  and  steadily  expanding,  until  to-day  the  average 
attendance  of  teachers  and  scholars  total  one  hundred  and  nine.  Mr.  Brima 
combe  for  seven  years  officiated  as  superintendent.  He  was  succeeded  by  Enoch 
Clark,  who  after  a  year's  service  gave  way  for  his  brother,  James,  who  became 
first  acting  superintendent  in  the  new  Church. 

In  two  years'  time  he  was  succeeded  by  John  Clark,  another  member  of  the 
family,  and  for  eight  years  the  latter  has  been  an  efficient  and  successful  super- 
iatendent,  and  the  present  favorable  position  of  the  school  in  no  small  deo-ree  is 
due  to  his  faithful  and  untiring  industry. 

The  Church  was  placed  upon  the  circuit  in  connection  with  Euclid  Avenue 
and  Bathurst  Street  Primitive  Methodist  Churches.  The  pulpit  supply  was 
furnished  by  local  preachers  of  the  latter  places  of  worship,  and  among  those 
who  conducted  the  services  were:  Messrs.  Dunlop,  Hardy,  Matthews  and 
Middleton,  of  Euclid  Avenue  ;  and  Philip  Jones  and  James  Robinson,  of  Bathurst 

Rev.  Paul  Flink,  Rev.  Stillwell  and  Rev.  Booth,  also  regularly  preached  and 
administered  the  Sacraments. 

Twelve  months  before  the  general  union,  Bathurst  Street  Church  was  set  off 
from  Euclid  Avenue  and  appointed  an  independent  charge,  and  Zion  Church  was 
placed  upon  its  circuit. 

The  Rev.  Jonathan  Milner  was  superintendent  of  the  district,  and  the  Rev. 
Mr.  McTavish  was  his  associate. 

In  1885,  the  first  wedding  took  place,  when  Mr.  Charles  Grimsby  and  Miss 


Fanny  Curtis,  botli  of  old  Bracondale,  were  joined  in  matrimony,  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Milner  officiating  at  the  ceremon}'. 

When  Mr.  Milner  was  superannuated  he  was  engaged  as  the  first  regular  pastor 
of  Zion,  and  it  was  due  mainly  to  his  efforts  that  the  present  splendid  edifice 
was  erected. 

The  site  for  the  new  church  was  given  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Perry.  On  August 
17th,  1899,  Mr.  Perry  performed  the  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner-stone,  the 
Rev.  A.  M.  Phillips,  M.A.,  and  the  Rev.  Dr.  Briggs,  were  the  speakers  of  the 
occasion.  Gordon  &  Helliwell,  architects,  drew  out  the  plans ;  W.  J.  Hill,  ex- 
reeve  of  the  Township,  executed  the  brick  and  stone  work,  contractors  Tie 
Brothers  attended  to  the  carpentering. 

Building  operations  were  energetically  proceeded  with  and  the  old  rough-cast 
building  which  had  been  used  as  a  place  of  worship  for  twelve  years,  was  moved 
to  the  rear  of  the  new  church  and  now  serves  as  a  Sunday  School. 

On  the  evening  of  the  last  day  of  the  year  1889,  during  the  erection  of  the 
new  church,  the  old  building  having  been  removed  about  half  way  to  its 
destination,  was  then  in  the  center  of  St.  Glair  avenue.  Here  watch-niorht 


service  was  conducted  and  the  novelty  of  the  situation  is  still  recalled  by  the 
members  of  the  congregation  as  a  reminiscence  of  unusual  interest. 

On  Sunday,  March  2nd,  1890,  the  dedication  service  of  the  new  church  was 
conducted  by  Rev.  Dr.  Johnston,  then  president  of  the  Conference.  In  the 
evening  at  seven  o'clock,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Briggs  preached.  On  the  following 
Monday  evening  the  regulation  tea  meeting  was  held,  and  a  platform  meeting 
and  concert  was  successfully  conducted  on  Thursday  evening  of  the  same  week. 
Eloquent  sermons  preached  by  Rev.  Dr.  Parker  and  Rev.  T.  E.  Bartley  on  the 
Sunday  following  brought  the  dedicatory  services  to  a  close. 

The  building  is  of  pleasing  architecture,  of  graceful  outline,  in  gothic  ^tyle 
throughout.  Its  dimensions,  seventy-five  feet  by  forty-five,  guarantee  seating 
capacity  for  five  hundred  people.  It  is  built  of  solid  brick  with  stone  founda 
tions,  and  brick  buttresses  faced  with  marble.  A  double  entrance  in  the  front, 
reached  by  a  rising  stairway  platform ;  another  in  the  west  and  another  in 
the  south  afford  abundant  facilities  for  admittance  and  exit.  A  straight  gallery 
supported  by  two  iron  pillars  with  brick  piers,  the  facade  of  which  is  beautifully 
decorated  with  simple  gothic  designs,  runs  across  the  north  end.  The  pews  are 

270  THE    HISTORY    OF   THE 

modern  and  circular  and  are  composed  of  pine,  chestnut  and  mahogany.  The 
choir  sits  behind  the  pulpit  and  number  some  eighteen  voices.  Heated  by  furn 
aces  and  illuminated  by  chandeliers  containing  twenty  lamps,  the  church  is  one 
of  the  most  comfortable  and  pleasing  possessed  by  any  congregation  in  Toronto. 
On  the  outside  the  appearance  of  the  building  is  strikingly  graceful.  The 
slated  roof,  the  gothic  windows,  composed  of  stained  glass,  the  stone  foundation, 
the  gables  and  their  circular  windows,  the  buttresses  of  brick  and  stone,  and  the 
tall  spire  that  rises  eighty-eight  feet,  combine  to  make  an  effect  of  unusual 
architectural  beauty. 

The  building  committee,  under  whose  management  the  erection  of  the  church 
was  brought  to  such  a  successful  issue,  was  composed  of  the  following  gentle 
men  :  George  Rogers,  George  Carter,  Richard  Punnett,  John  Clark,  William 
Brimacombe,  John  Henderson,  Walter  Jordan,  Fred  W.  Walker,  treasurer,  and 
Richard  Perr* ,  secretary. 

The  original  trustees  were :  John  Clarke,  George  Rogers,  William  Brima 
combe,  George  Carter,  John  Henderson,  Richard  Perry,  secretary,  and  Richard 
Punnett,  treasurer.  Of  these  at  the  present  day,  there  is  one  change,  death 
having  carried  away  William  Brimacombe,  after  a  long  life  spent  in  the  Master's 

Mr.  George  Rogers,  had  succeeded  Mr.  Brimacombe  as  class-leader  in  the  first 
church.  Mr.  George  Rogers  who  succeeded  him,  became  the  first  class-leader  in 
the  new. 

The  first  choir-leader  was  Richard  Perry,  and  Miss  Rose  Trolley  was  organist. 
The  stewards  wer  Messrs.  Clarke,  Perry  and  Punnett. 

The  first  wedding  ceremony  in  the  new  church  was  performed  by  Rev.  Mr. 
Flint.  William  Runham  and  Fanny  Carter  having  been  joined  in  matrimony, 
were  presented  with  a  Bible  by  the  Trustee  Board. 

The  Rev.  Jonathan  Milner  occupied  the  puipit  for  a  year  and  was  succeeded 
by  the  Rev.  Paul  Flint,  who  spent  a  successful  term  of  three  years. 

He  was  a  preacher  of  unusual  merit  and  of  deep  spirituality.  Under  his 
care  the  church  entered  upon  an  extended  period  of  prosperity. 

The  Rev.  G.  N.  Rutledge  followed  him,  and  for  twelve  months  he  occupied 
the  pulpit.  At  the  end  of  his  term,  Zion,  Perth  Avenue  and  Centennial 
Churches  joined  and  formed  a  circuit,  with  Rev.  W.  J.  Smith,  now  of  Agnes 


Street  Church,  as  superintendent.  Under  this  plan  local  preachers  again 
occupied  the  pulpit  of  Zion,  until  some  two  years  subsequently  the  union  was 
dissolved.  Rev.  E.  R.  Young  then  received  the  appointment  of  Zion  and  is  the 
present  pastor.  (1898.) 

The  Ladies'  Aid  Society  was  inaugurated  on  October  29th,  1888.  The  initial 
organization  consisted  of  seven  members,  Mrs.  Milner,  president,  Mrs.  Rattledge, 
vice-president,  Mrs.  Perry,  secretary,  Mrs.  Punnett,  treasurer,  Mrs.  Jordan,  Miss 
Coates  and  Mrs.  Carter  were  the  officers  and  members.  The  work  accomplished 
by  the  society  proves  that  what  they  lacked  in  numbers  they  made  up  with 
zeal  and  industry,  for  their  efforts  have  resulted  in  an  additional  annual  sum  of 
at  least  $200  to  the  income  of  the  church. 

The  present  officers  of  the  society  are :  Mrs.  Grummitt,  president,  Mrs. 
Boggis,  vice-president,  Mrs.  Perry,  secretary,  Mrs.  Jordan,  treasurer. 

The  present  officials  of  the  church  are  :  Class-leaders,  Mr.  Rattledge,  jr.,  Mr. 
Snodden,  Mr.  John  Clark.  Local  preachers,  Edmund  Grummitt,  Thomas  Clark  . 
Richard  Perry,  treasurer  of  trustee  board ;  Joseph  Summerfield,  choir-leader  • 
Miss  Boggis,  organist. 

Among  the  scholars  of  the  Sunday  School  who  have  won  distinction  in  other 
walks  of  life,  may  be  mentioned  the  name  of  Thomas  Clark,  a  recent  gold 
medallist  in  the  Ottawa  Normal  School. 

The  present  membership  of  the  church  is  about  fifty. 


Bathurst  Street  and  Perth  Avenue  Churches. 

MONG  the  good  work  which  the  Elm  Street  Methodist  Church  has 
done  for  Toronto,  nothing  does  greater  credit  than  the  founding  of 
Bathurst  Street  Mission.  The  Bathurst  Street  Mission  originated  in 
1860,  John  Price  and  James  Smith  forming  the  first  class,  which  in 
101  numbered  only  seven  members.  The  meeting  place  of  this  class 
was  in  a  small  cottage  on  the  west  side  of  Markham  Street,  and  this  tene 
ment  was  a  gift  to  the  class  from  Captain  James  McGill  Strachan,  a  son  of  Dr. 
Strachan,  the  first  Anglican  Bishop  of  Toronto.  The  new  church  was  opened  in 
1866,  and  the  congregation  was  very  prosperous  until  1869,  when  there  was  a 
disruption,  many  of  the  members  leaving  the  Wesleyan  Methodist  body  and 
going  over  to  the  Primitives.  In  reference  to  this  period  a  well-informed  writer 
of  1888  says  :  "  A  small  house  on  Ontario  Street,  north  of  Bloor,  was  used  as 
the  place  of  meeting  until  it  became  too  small  to  accommodate  the  congregation, 
and  the  necessity  of  a  church  building  became  absolute.  A  lot  was  purchased 
at  the  corner  of  Bathurst  and  Lennox  Streets,  and  a  small  church  building  was 
erected  with  Rev.  T.  Griffith  as  pastor,  and  in  1884  the  two  congregations  that 
separated  fifteen  years  before  were  re-united.  The  lot  on  Markham  Street  was 
sold,  and  the  church  taken  over  and  joined  with  that  on  Bathurst  Street,  where 
it  now  stands  in  the  form  of  a  T.  The  two  congregations  became  one  in  the 
new  '  Methodist  Church.'  " 

In  the  year  1884  the  Rev.  Jonathan  Milner  was  appointed  to  this  circuit,  and 
he  did  excellent  work  in  Bathurst  Street  Church,  and  following  him  came  the 
Rev.  H.  McKee.  In  1887  the  building  in  which  the  Bathurst  congregation  was 
meeting  was  found  to  be  wholly  inadequate  for  its  purposes.  It  was  resolved, 
therefore,  at  a  meeting  of  the  Trust  Board  on  August  2nd,  1887,  that  a  new 
church  should  be  built.  Building  operations  went  on  so  rapidly  that  it  was  pos 
sible  for  the  corner-stone  of  the  new  church  to  be  laid  on  October  6th  in  the 
same  year,  this  ceremony  being  performed  by  Senator  John  Macdonald.  The 
opening  services  were  held  in  the  following  week,  and  were  conducted  by  some 



of  the  leading  Methodist  clergy  of  the  city,  and  at  the  same  time  were  attended 
by  very  large  congregations.  Bathurst  Street  Church  is  situated  immediately  in 
front  of  the  old  building  now  used  as  a  Sunday  School,  and  communicates  with 
it.  It  is  a  white  brick  building,  the  style  of  architecture  being  modern  gothic, 
and  it  is  capable  of  seating  1,250  people.  The  interior  is  arranged  in  amphithe- 
atrical  form,  the  seats  being  made  of  black  ash.  The  cost  exceeded  $30,000,  and 
the  land  and  old  building  were  valued  at  $7,000,  making  a  total  of  $37,000. 

Among  those  who  have  done  good  service  in  connection  with  Bathurst  Street 
Church  may  be  mentioned  Mr.  Enos  Hellett,  who  for  long  was  an  efficient  class 
leader.  Mrs.  McKee,  who  was  during  her  husband's  pastorate  the  president  of 
the  Ladies'  Aid  Society,  Mrs.  Evans,  who  did  good  work  in  connection  with  the 
Women's  Missionary  Society,  Mrs.  George  Cameron  and  Miss  Hatty  Farn worth, 
who  lent  valuable  assistance  to  the  work  of  the  Young  People's  Association.  Mr. 
W.  Woollatt  and  Mr.  I.  Butler  also  did  excellent  work  in  organizing  and  superin 
tending  the  Sunday  School,  while  Mr.  P.  Cameron  and  Mr.  M.  A.  Overend  were 
active  in  the  musical  portions  of  the  services.  The  following  is  the  list  of  pas 
tors  at  Bathurst  Street  since  Mr.  McKee : 

Rev.  J.  A.  Rankin,  1887  to  1890. 
"     D.  Alexander,  1890  to  1892. 
"     J.  W.  Langford,  1892  to  1895. 
"     C.  O.  Johnston,  1895  to  1898. 
"     C.  E.  Manning,  1898  to  1899. 

The  Trustees  in  1896-97  were:  W.  D.  Michael,  T.  Charlton,  E.  Haliett,  D.  H. 
Croft,  W.  Jay,  J.  Magee,  W.  Butler,  D.  McCann,  J.  Robinson,  J.  R.  I.  Starr  and 
A.  W.  Lee. 

Organist,  Miss  G.  Crooke. 

Sunday  School  Superintendent,  J.  R.  I.  Starr. 

Perth  Avenue  Church. 

The  church  known  by  this  name  is  situated  on  the  north-west  corner  of  Perth 
and  Ernest  Avenues,  and  is  a  well-built,  rough-cast  structure,  eighty  by  forty 
feet  in  dimensions.  It  was  first  opened  for  divine  service  on  March  10th,  1889. 
Including  the  cost  of  the  land,  the  total  amount  expended  was  $7,000,  but  it 
should  be  borne  in  mind  that  this  church  was  built  during  the  period  known  as 



the  "boom,"  and  that  since  then  prices  of  land,  and  also  of  the  houses  erected 
thereon,  have  very  greatly  deteriorated. 

At  first  the  church  was  an  offshoot  of  St.  Clarens  Avenue,  but  subsequently 
became  connected  with  Trinity.  In  1 894  it  became  part  of  the  Centennial  Circuit- 

The  pastors  have  been  the  Revs.  W.  Andrews,  who  commenced  the  enterprise, 
J.  H.  Medcalf,  R.  H.  Johnston,  C.  Langford,  Dr.  E.  Barrass,  C.  Fish,  W.  J.  Smith' 
A.  Martin,  and  the  present  pastor,  Joseph  E.  Sanderson. 

The  trustees  are  Messrs.  Thomas  Couch,  A.  R.  Duff,  J.  H.  Hoover,  Walter 
Rushbrook,  W.  J.  Kirby,  R.  Perry  and  J.  J.  Copeland. 

The  collapse  of  the  boom  greatly  affected  this  church,  leaving  it  with  a  heavy 
debt  for  a  very  small  congregation  to  bear.  In  July,  1896,  this  amounted  to  nearly 
$5,000,  by  the  help  of  the  "Social  Union,"  an  association  of  Toronto  Methodists 
formed  for  the  purpose  of  assisting  struggling  causes,  it  is  hoped  to  materially 
reduce  this  very  heavy  incumbrance. 

The  average  congregation  is  from  60  to  80  people,  and  the  Sunday  School  has 
about  the  same  number  of  attendants. 


New  Richmond  and  Epworth  Churches. 

Richmond  Street  Church  on  McCaul  Street,  situated  on  the  east 
ern  side  of  that  thoroughfare,  almost  opposite  Grange  Road,  was 
built  and  completed  in  the  yt ars  1888-9,  the  circumstances  which  led 
to  its  erection  having  already  been  fully  detailed  in  this  history  in 
the  chapter  relating  to  Richmond  Street  Church.  The  church  itself  is  a 
handsome  red  brick  structure,  capable  of  seating  over  1,400  worshippers, 
and  ever  since  its  erection  there  have  always  been  large  congregations  attending 
the  services  held  therein.  One  of  the  most  devoted  adherents  of  McCaul  Street 
or  New  Richmond  Church  was  the  late  Mr.  Ephraim  Butt,  who  held  the  first 
prayer-meeting  that  took  place  within  the  walls  of  the  new  church.  Mr.  Butt 
was  one  of  the  trustees  of  the  church  and  class  leader.  He  died  October  7th, 
1895.  The  first  pastor  of  the  New  Richmond  Church  was  the  Rev.  J.  E.  Lance- 
ley.  He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev  W.  F.  Wilson,  who  in  1897  was  followed  by 
the  Rev.  W.  J.  Barkwell,  who  died  during  his  term  of  office,  1898,  and  was  suc 
ceeded  by  the  Rev.  T.  W.  Neil. 

The  Rev.  J.  E.  Lanceley  was  ordained  in  1874,  and  was  for  many  years  under 
the  London  Conference,  coming  to  Toronto  in  the  latter  "eighties,"  where  he  soon 
made  his  mark  as  an  earnest  preacher  and  hard  working  minister. 

The  Rev.  W.  J.  Barkwell  before  being  appointed  to  New  Richmond  Church 
had  held  pastorates  at  Woodgreen  Tabernacle,  at  Gerrard  Street  East  and  at 
Toronto  Junction.  In  all  of  these  Mr.  Barkwell  achieved  very  considerable  suc 
cess.  He  was  a  man  of  very  wide  reading  and  of  no  little  eloquence,  and  his 
sudden  death  caused  widespread  sorrow  among  the  Methodist  community. 

Epworth  Church. 

Epworth  Church,  situated  on  the  corner  of  Yarmouth  and  Christie  Sts.,  in 
Toronto,  was  erected  in  1890,  owing  to  the  strenuous  exertions  of  the  Rev.  Jona 
than  Milner.  It  is  a  plain  frame,  rough-cast  building,  will  seat  comfortably  250 
people,  and  was  at  first  what  would  be  in  Anglican  parlance  a  "  chapel  of  ease  " 


276  THE   HISTORY   OF   THE 

to  Bathurst  St.  Church.  Up  to  the  present  date  it  has  had  no  regular  ministers 
appointed  by  Conference,  but  its  pulpit  supply  has  been  ordered  by  the  Chair 
man  of  the  District  in  which  it  is  situated.  Among  those  who  have  filled  the 
pulpit  and  done  good  work  in  Epworth  Church  may  be  mentioned  the  Revs.  Dr. 
Barrass,  H.  G.  Barrie,  M.D.,  and  Jonathan  Milner.  In  1899  the  preacher  who 
occupies  the  pulpit  is  the  Rev.  Edward  S.  Bishop,  a  son  of  the  Rev.  G.  J.  Bishop, 
who  as  the  pastor  of  the  Central  Methodist  Church,  was  during  his  term  of  office 
such  a  decided  success. 

The  original  cost  of  the  church  was  about  $5,000.  In  January,  1899,  this  had 
been  reduced  to  $1,250,  and  the  congregation  hope  by  the  end  of  the  year  to  have 
still  further  reduced  this  heavy  incumbrance  by  $250. 

The  average  congregation  is  about  eighty  people,  arid  there  are  rather  more 
than  one  hundred  scholars  who  constantly  attend  the  Sunday  School,  with  some 
ten  or  a  dozen  teachers. 

The  Quarterly  Board  consists  of  the  following :  John  Hoidge,  J.  R.  Hoidge' 
W.  G.  Black,  J.  W.  Caldecott,  Charles  S.  Balrner,  George  Amos  and  Thomas  H. 

Organist,  Miss  Laura  Welch. 

*  *  * 

We  have  now  arrived  at  the  end  of  the  sketches  of  Toronto  churches.  There 
are  not  a  few  places  of  worship  belonging  to  the  Methodist  Church  within  easy 
distance  of  Toronto,  which  may,  in  some  measure,  be  considered  as  belonging  to 
the  city.  The  difficulty  as  regards  these  has  been  where  to  draw  the  line  and 
whom  to  omit.  For  instance,  it  may  be  said  that  Toronto  Junction  is  practically 
a  part  of  the  city  of  Toronto ;  it  may  be  so,  and  to  a  certain  extent  is,  but  the 
same  thing  may  be  urged  as  regards  East  Toronto,  Mimico,  Eglinton,  Don  Mills 
or  Todmorden.  In  all  of  these  places  there  are  Methodist  churches,  some  of 
them,  as  in  Toronto  Junction,  remarkably  vigorous  and  flourishing  ones,  others 
weak  and  dependent  on  outside  resources  for  the  maintenance  of  their  religious 
organization.  There  has  been  no  wish  to  ignore  the  existence  of  these  several 
congregations,  but  if  Mimico  was  to  be  included,  why  not  Port  Credit ;  if  North 
Toronto,  why  not  go  a  little  further  north  to  Richmond  Hill  ?  If  East  Toronto, 
Scarboro  and  Highland  Creek  ought  to  be  considered.  All  these  things  have  had 
to  be  taken  into  consideration  in  writing  this  history,  and,  therefore,  as  far  as 


possible,  the  contents  of  the  volume  only  cover  those  churches  situated  within 
the  limits  of  the  city  of  Toronto. 

A  few  words  must  be  said  in  reference  to  the  African  Methodist  churches  which 
have  existed  in  Toronto  since  the  year  1826.  These  were  for  the  most  part 
either  in  communion  with  the  Episcopal  Methodists.,  or,  while  nominally  Metho 
dists,  were  practically  Congregationalists.  None  of  them  were  under  the  juris 
diction  of  the  Toronto  Conference,  and  for  that  reason  their  history  has  been 
omitted  from  this  volume.  At  the  same  time  a  tribute  must  be  paid  to  the  un 
selfish  devotion  displayed  by  the  great  majority  of  the  preachers  who  exercised 
their  functions  to  the  African  Methodist  congregations  in  Toronto.  The  work 
was  hard,  they  had  no  public  recognition  of  their  labors,  and  the  pay  was  so 
small  that  oftentimes  it  was  a  struggle  for  the  colored  minister  to  keep  body  and 
soul  together,  and  it  is  to  the  credit  of  the  colored  population  of  Toronto  that 
they  have  never  been  without  churches  or  without  duly  ordained  ministers  to 
occupy  their  pulpits. 

With  these  few  remarks  and  words  of  explanation  we  conclude  our  history  of 
the  Methodist  Church  in  Toronto.  For  its  defects  we  ask  indulgence,  for  its 
omissions  we  crave  pardon  and  entreat  our  readers  to  view  our  labors  kindly. 


N  this  appendix  will  be  found  biographical  sketches  of  many  of  the 
leading  clergy  and  laity  connected  with  the  various  churches  which 
have  been  mentioned  in  the  pages  of  this  history.  In  every  case  the 
greatest  care  has  been  taken  to  render  these  biographies  accurate,  in 
no  single  instance  has  any  biography  been  written  without  a  personal 
interview  or  written  particulars  from  the  person  referred  to,  or  from  his 
or  her  immediate  relatives.  The  Editor  does  not  accept  any  responsibility  for  the 
opinions  expressed,  in  all  or  any  of  the  biographies,  to  which  his  name  is  not 
attached.  At  the  same  time  it  is  believed  that  the  particulars  given  in  all  these 
sketches  are  generally  accurate.  In  some  few  places  dates  may  be  a  little  astray, 
but  these  instances  are  so  very  few  that  they  will  not  affect  the  general  accuracy 
and  value  of  the  work.  With  this  short  prefatory  statement  it  only  remains  to 
add  that  the  reader  will  find  the  biographies  are  arranged  according  to  the 
churches  with  which  the  persons  mentioned  were,  during  their  lifetime,  or  are 
still,  closely  connected. 

REV.  GEORGE  R.  SANDERSON.     (Page  102.) 

The  Rev.  George  R.  Sanderson,  D.D.,  who  died  March  22nd,  1898,  was  after  his  demise  thus 
feelingly  referred  to  in  the  columns  of  the  Christian  Guardian  of  March  23rd,  1898  : 

"  In  the  death  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Sanderson,  a  marked  personality  has  disappeared  from  the  ranks 
of  Canadian  Methodism.  For  nearly  half  a  century  he  has  been  prominent  in  the  pulpits  and  coun 
cils  of  the  Church,  and  was  one  of  the  last  links,  if  not  the  very  last,  uniting  us  with  what  is  some 
times  called  in  no  disparaging  sense,  the  '  old  dispensation.'  When  the  writer  first  began  to  attend 
Conferences  away  back  in  the  sixties,  Dr.  Sanderson  was  already  a  man  of  note  among  his  brethren, 
and  he  retained  a  warm  place  in  the  confidence  and  affection  of  the  Church  down  to  the  close  of  life. 
The  esteem  in  which  he  was  held  is  indicated  by  the  positions  he  filled.  At  an  early  age  he  had  been 
both  editor  and  book  steward,  and  was  thus  connected  with  the  comparatively  humble  beginnings  of 
what  has  since  become  a  most  important  connexional  interest,  and  the  largest  publishing  house  in 
the  Dominion.  At  a  later  period  he  held  other  important  positions,  such  as  Secretary  of  Conference, 
<  co  delegate '  (under  the  old  Wesleyan  regime),  President  of  Conference,  Fraternal  Delegate  to 
other  Methodist  bodies,  and  for  many  years  Chairman  of  District.  In  all  these  relations,  as  well  as 
in  the  pastoral  work,  he  acquitted  himself  to  the  entire  satisfaction  of  his  brethren. 

"  In  dress,  manners  and  pulpit  delivery  Dr.  Sanderson  belonged  to  the  old  school  of  English  Wes 
leyan  preachers,  for  many  of  whom  he  cherished  a  high  admiration.  His  preaching  was  solid,  scrip 
tural,  earnest  and  edifying,  but  for  mere  sensationalism  he  entertained  a  positive  contempt. 



Although  at  times  his  sermons  glowed  with  a  genuine  eloquence  his  esteem  for  the  Gospel  message 
and  the  ministerial  office  was  too  high  to  permit  him  to  descend  to  mere  tricks  of  oratory.  His  reli 
ance  for  results  was  upon  the  power  of  divine  truth,  applied  by  the  Holy  Spirit." 


Alexander  Sturgeon  Byrne  was  the  son  of  the  Rev.  Claudius  Byrne,  who  for  twenty-four  years 
was  connected  with  the  Irish  Wesleyan  Conference,  and  who,  in  later  days,  came  to  Canada  and  was 
connected  with  the  Wesleyan  Methodists  in  the  province  of  Ontario.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  was 
born 'June  20th,  1832,  and  lie  received  his  Christian  names  from  his  mother's  father,  who  had  been  a 
Wesleyan  Methodist  minister  in  Ireland. 

From  his  very  earliest  years,  Alexander  S.  Byrne  was  serious  and  devoted  to  religious  converse. 
At  fourteen  years  of  age  he  decided  to  give  himself  entirely  to  religious  work,  and  a  few  weeks  after 
this  determination,  "  He  was  urged,"  says  Carroll,  "  to  address  the  teachers  of  the  Sabbath  School, 
which  he  did  in  a  strain  of  simple  eloquence  that  greatly  surprised  his  hearers ;  they  almost  felt  as  if  an 
angel  had  appeared  among  them.  At  this  period  my  own  mind  became  peculiarly  impressed  respect 
ing  him,  and  I  resolved  as  soon  as  possible  to  avail  myself  of  an  opportunity  of  hearing  him.  The 
first  time  I  accomplished  my  purpose  it  was  by  getting  into  the  congregation  in  a  concealed  manner. 
He  preached  from  Proverbs  xiv.  14,  'The  backslider  in  heart  shall  be  filled  with  his  own  ways.'  I 
cannot  now  describe  what  my  feelings  were  then.  While  this  mere  stripling  was  developing  the 
solemn  truths  which  the  text  embodied,  a  deep  impression  pervaded  my  mind  and  many  others  that 
night  that  in  him  was  the  nucleus  of  a  workman  that  need  not  be  ashamed." 

Mr.  Byrne's  labors  began  on  the  Yonge  Street  Circuit,  to  which  he  was  sent  by  the  Rev. 
John  Ryerson,  Chairman  of  the  Toronto  District,  on  November  18th,  1848.  His  last  sermon  was 
delivered  in  Yorkville,  October  10th,  1850.  From  Toronto  Mr.  Byrne  went,  for  the  benefit  of  his 
health,  to  Brantford,  where  he  died  February  llth,  1851,  aged  eighteen  years  and  eight  months. 

Mr.  Byrne  was  known,  or  rather  is  known,  in  the  Methodist  Church  as  "  The  stripling  preacher." 
Of  his  sermons  it  has  been  said,  "  In  his  preaching  were  to  be  found  learning  without  pedantry, 
fertility  in  language  without  verbosity  ;  information  without  ostentation,  and  earnestness  without 

The  funeral  sermons  of  Mr.  Byrne  were  preached  in  his  circuit  in  its  two  principal  churches 
on  the  first  Sunday  after  his  death.  The  preacher  at  Yorkville  was  the  Rev.  Enoch  Wood,  sometime 
President  of  the  Conference  ;  the  preacher  in  Adelaide  Street  Church  was  the  Rev.  John  Ryerson. 
On  both  of  these  occasions  there  were  very  large  congregations. 

We  will  conclude  this  sketch  of  Mr.  Byrne  with  the  following  tribute  to  his  memory  by  the 
Superintendent  of  the  Circuit  at  the  time  of  his  death,  the  Rev.  Lewis  Warner  : 

"  I  knew  him  from  his  first  coming  to  this  country.  We  travelled,  and  lodged,  and  conversed, 
and  worshipped  together.  I  loved  him  as  a  child,  and  I  believe  the  affection  was  reciprocated.  I 
never  saw  anything  wrong  in  his  spirit  or  conduct ;  and  I  can  bear  my  humble  testimony,  that  whilst 
I  knew  him,  he  was  one  of  the  most  faultless  of  characters.  Little  did  1  think  when  I  parted  with 
him  after  the  Conference,  when  he  received  his  appointment  to  London,  that  I  should  see  him  on 
earth  no  more.  In  his  death  the  church  militant  has  lost  a  most  brilliant  ornament,  but  in  the 
church  triumphant,  he  will  shine  with  a  still  brighter  and  purer  light." — ED. 

REV.  EGERTON  RYERSON.     (Page  127.) 

To  write  a  complete  history  of  this  distinguished  minister's  career,  it  would  be  necessary  to  refer 
to  the  whole  history  of  Canada  from  the  year  1823  until  the  date  of  his  decease.  The  following 
particulars,  though  greatly  abbreviated,  will  be  read  with  interest.  The  first  portion  of  this  sketch 
is  an  autobiography  from  the  pen  of  Dr.  Ryerson.  It  commences  : 

In  1823  I  was  appointed  in  charge  or  a  superintendent  of  the  Yonge  Street  circuit,  with  the  late 
Rev.  William  Slater  as  my  colleague,  than  whom  a  more  honorable  or  upright  man  never  lived ;  we 


were  fellow -laborers  for  two  years— the  second  year  on  the  Bay  of  Quinte  Circuit ;  and  when  he  died 
three  years  afterwards,  I  mourned  for  him  as  a  brother  indeed.  The  Yonge  Street  Circuit  was  more 
laborious  and  harder  to  work  than  anyone  I  had  yet  travelled;  but  my  faithful  and  devoted  colleague 
was  a  helpmate  to  me  indeed.  His  never  failing  cheerfulness  and  untiring  industry  was  a  source  of 
great  comfort  and  encouragement  to  me.  Our  circuit  extended  from  York  (including  the  town)  to 
Lake  Simcoe,  embracing  the  series  of  townships  west  of  Yonge  Street  to  Holland  Landing,  thence 
along  the  shore  twelve  miles,  through  woods  without  a  house  to  North  Gwillimbury,  thence  through 
Whitchurch,  Markham,  Pickering,  Whitby  and  Darlington  as  far  as  Major  Wilmot's,  some  miles 
east  of  where  Bowmanville  now  stands.  Major  Wilmot  fitted  up  a  large  room  in  his  tannery  for  our 
services  ;  for  though  neither  he  nor  Mrs.  Wilmot  were  members  of  our  church,  yet  were  they  very 
friendly,  and  treated  me  with  the  kindness  of  parents. 

In  those  days  an  unmarried  preacher  had  no  home  except  that  of  the  Indian  who,  in  reply  to  the 
question  as  to  where  was  his  home,  said,  "I  live,  and  my  home  is  all  along  the  shore."  This  "  all 
along-shore "  home  was  my  lot  during  the  first  six  years  of  my  ministry,  in  single  life.  Yet,  I 
usually  had  some  place  on  the  circuit  where  I  left  my  few  clothes,  books,  etc. ,  and  which  I  designated 
by  the  endearing  name  of  home.  On  Yonge  Street  Circuit  this  was  the  house  of  Mr.  Willam  P. 
Patrick,  with  whom  and  his  friendly  and  pious  wife  and  most  amiable  family  I  passed  many  pleasant 
and  happy  hours.  Mr.  Patrick  was  a  most  devoted  and  generous  man— a  scientific  and  beautiful 
singer,  whose  sweetness  of  voice  and  melody  thrilled  my  whole  being  when  I  heard  him  sing,  "  Rock 
of  Ages,"  "  Lo  !  He  comes  with  clouds  descending,"  and  on  New  Year,  "Come,  let  us  anew,  etc." 
*  *  *  *  *  *  * 

The  controversy  over  the  Clergy  Reserves  which  originally  developed  from  Bishop  Strachan's 
statement  that  the  Methodists  were  disloyal  to  the  country,  continued  a  year,  when  public  meetings 
and  petitions  to  the  Legislature  led  to  the  appointment  by  the  House  of  Assembly  of  a  select  commit 
tee,  who  examined  over  fifty  witnesses  and  reported  to  the  House,  which  adopted  the  report,  and  pre. 
sented  an  address  to  the  King. 

In  1828  a  petition  signed  by  5,697  persons,  praying  against  ecclesiastical  denomination  was  pre 
sented  to  the  Committee  of  Investigation  appointed  by  the  Legislature. 

Perry  Matthews,  H.  C.  Thomson,  of  Frontenac,  Mr.  Hamilton,  after  whom  the  City  of  Hamil 
ton  is  named,  and  M.  S.  Bidwell,  who  acted  as  chairman,  were  the  members  of  the  Investigating 
Committee.  After  examining  fifty-seven  witnesses,  the  Committee  presented  the  following  report  to 
the  House  of  Assembly  : 

"  The  insinuations  against  the  Methodist  Clergymen  the  Committee  have  noticed  with  peculiar 
regret.  To  the  disinterested  and  indefatigable  exertions  of  these  pious  men  this  Province  owes  much. 
At  an  early  period  in  its  history  when  it  was  thinly  settled,  and  its  inhabitants  were  scattered 
through  the  wilderness  and  destitute  of  all  other  means  of  religious  instruction,  these  ministers  of 
the  gospel,  animated  by  Christian  zeal  and  benevolence,  at  the  sacrifice  of  health  and  interest  and 
comfort,  carried  among  the  people  the  blessings  and  consolations  and  sanctions  of  our  holy  religion. 
Their  influence  and  instruction,  far  from  having  (as  is  represented  in  the  letter)  a  tendency  hostile  to 
our  institutions,  have  been  conducive  in  a  degree  which  cannot  easily  be  estimated,  to  the  reforma 
tion  of  their  hearers,  from  licentiousness,  and  the  diffusion  of  correct  morals,  the  foundation  of  all 
sound  loyalty  and  social  order. 

"  There  is  no  reason  to  believe  that  as  a  body  they  have  failed  to  inculcate  by  precept  and  example 
as  a  Christian  duty,  an  attachment  to  the  Sovereign  aud  conscientious  obedience  to  the  laws  of  the 
country.  More  than  thirty-five  years  have  clasped  since  they  commenced  their  labors  in  the  colonies. 
In  that  time  the  province  has  passed  through  a  war  which  put  to  a  proof  the  loyalty  of  the  people. 
If  their  influence  and  instruction  have  the  tendency  mentioned,  the  effects  by  this  time  must  be  mani 
fest  ;  yet  no  one  doubts  that  the  Methodists  are  as  loyal  as  any  of  His  Majesty's  subjects,  and  the 
very  fact  that  while  their  clergymen  are  dependent  for  their  support  upon  the  voluntary  contribu 
tions  of  their  people,  the  number  of  their  members  has  increased  so  as  to  be  now  in  the  opinion  of 


almost  all  the  witnesses  greater  than  that  of  the  members  of  any  other  denomination  in  this  province, 
is  a  complete  refutation  of  any  suspicion  that  their  influence  and  instructions  have  such  a  tendency;  for 
it  would  be  a  gross  slander  on  the  loyalty  of  the  people  to  suppose  that  they  would  countenance  and 
listen  with  complacency  to  those  whose  influence  was  exerted  for  such  base  purposes." 

Dr.  Ryerson  was,  as  may  well  be  supposed,  perfectly  satisfied  with  the  report  presented  by  the 
Investigating  Committee  to  the  House  of  Assembly.  From  that  time,  if  any  aspersions  were  cast 
upon  the  loyalty  of  the  Methodists,  Dr.  Ryerson  took  no  notice  of  what  was  said  or  printed,  and 
though  the  Clergy  Reserves  question  remained  a  burning  one  for  a  great  number  of  years,  no  further 
doubts  ever  troubled  the  Legislators  as  to  the  loyalty  of  the  Wesleyan  ministers  towards  the  Crown 
of  England  and  government  of  the  Colony. 

REV.  L.  TAYLOR,  D.I),  (page  128). 

This  distinguished  Methodist  divine  was  born  in  the  County  of  Argyle  in  the  early  twenties. 
His  father  was  an  Elder  in  the  Scottish  National  Church,  and  in  the  Sunday  Schools  of  that  body 
young  Taylor  received  his  early  religious  education.  In  his  youth  it  had  been  intended  that  he  should 
enter  the  military  profession,  but  this  design  was  changed  when  his  father  came  out  to  Canada  from 
Scotland  bringing  the  whole  of  his  family  with  him.  Mr.  Taylor,  sr.,  settled  near  Lachute  in  Lower 
Canada,  and  there,  in  1836,  Lachlin  Taylor  became  subject  to  a  change  in  his  religious  views  which 
changed  the  direction  of  the  whole  future  course  of  his  life.  At  that  period  he  publicly  professed 
his  adhesion  to  the  Methodist  body,  and  determined  to  devote  his  life  to  a  ministerial  career.  In  the 
year  1840  he  was  received  on  trial  and  preached  at  Richmond.  From  there,  in  the  following  year, 
he  went  to  Prescott,  and  in  the  succeeding  twelve  months  was  stationed  in  Toronto.  In  1843  he  was 
received  into  full  communion  and  ordained,  and  for  the  whole  of  that  year  officiated  in  Hamilton. 
From  1844  until  1849,  both  years  inclusive,  he  was  stationed  in  Brockville,  Kingston,  Bytown,  now 
Ottawa,  St.  Catharines,  Montreal  and  Three  Rivers  ;  in  each  of  these  named  places  he  served  a  year 

In  the  year  1850  Mr.  Taylor  was  a  supernumerary  at  Cobourg,  and  at  the  end  of  that  year  came 
to  Toronto. 

From  1851  to  1859  Mr.  Taylor  was  the  agent  in  Toronto  for  the  Upper  Canada  Bible  Society. 
In  1860  he  removed  to  Hamilton,  where  he  was  not  only  agent  for  the  Upper  Canada  Bible  Society, 
but  in  addition  he  represented  the  British  and  Foreign  Bible  Society  also.  From  1865  until  1873  Mr. 
Taylor  served  as  Missionary  Secretary  to  the  Methodist  body.  It  has  been  said  of  him  in  reference 
to  the  manner  in  which  he  discharged  the  duties  of  the  posts  just  named,  that  he  was  "  an  incom 
parable  agent,  and  without  disparaging  other  workers  in  the  same  fields,  no  one  has  ever  put  so  much 
energy  into  their  work  as  had  Mr.  Taylor." 

Mr.  Taylor  was  not  only  a  very  widely  read  man,  but  he  had  travelled  in  many  parts,  not  only  of 
Europe,  but  of  Asia,  having  in  the  latter  continent  visited  Syria,  Egypt  and  Palestine.  This  foreign 
travel  served  Mr.  Taylor  in  good  stead  while  he  was  engaged  as  Missionary  Secretary  for  the  Toronto 
Conference.  Mr.  Taylor  died  very  suddenly  on  Sunday,  September  4th,  1881.  When  the  news  of 
his  death  was  announced  it  caused  great  sorrow,  not  only  throughout  the  Dominion  of  Canada,  but 
to  great  numbers  of  people  resident  in  the  United  States,  and  also  in  Great  Britain,  in  both  of  which 
countries  Mr.  Taylor  was  widely  known  and  esteemed. 

SENATOR  JOHN  MACDONALD.  (page  129). 

This  distinguished  man  was  born  in  Perth,  Scotland,  December  27th,  1824,  and  was  the  son  of 
John  and  Elizabeth  Macdonald,  his  father  being  at  the  time  a  non-commissioned  officer  in  the  famous 
93rd  Regiment,  the  Sutherland  Highlanders.  John  Macdonald's  early  education  was  received  in  the 
regimental  school,  his  teacher  being  Sergeant  David  Nimmo,  afterwards  known  as  the  Rev.  David 
Nimmo,  a  Congregational  minister. 

In  1837  the  93rd  Regiment  were  sent  out  to  Canada,  and  from  that  date  commenced  Mr.  Mac- 


donald's  Canadian  career.  Just  before  the  93rd  were  ordered  to  Canada  John  Macdonald  had  the 
misfortune  to  lose  his  mother  by  death,  she  dying  in  Cork,  Ireland,  and  being  interred  in  the  church 
yard  of  St.  Anne  of  Shandon.  After  coming  to  Canada  John  Macdonald  for  some  little  time  attended 
Dalhousie  College,  in  Nova  Scotia,  and  on  the  93rd  coming  to  Toronto  in  June,  1843,  he  was  a  pupil 
at  the  Biy  Street  Academy,  where  the  Principal  was  Mr.  John  Boyd,  the  father  of  Sir  John  A.  Boyd, 
the  Chancellor  of  Ontario. 

The  father  of  John  Macdonald,  after  retiring  from  the  military  service  of  his  country,  came  out 
to  Canada,  and  settling  in  Toronto,  entered  into  business  as  a  druggist  in  that  city.  He  died  Oct. 
19th,  1866,  in  the  68th  year  of  his  life. 

John  Macdonald  commenced  his  businese  career  at  the  age  of  fifteen  in  the  house  of  C.  &  J. 
Macdonald  &  Co.,  of  Gananoque,  whsre  he  remained  for  two  years.  They  were  wholesale  dry  goods 
dealers,  and  bore  the  very  highest  reputation.  In  1842  John  Macdonald  returned  to  Toronto  and 
entered  the  dry  goods  establishment  of  Walter  MacFarlane,  of  the  Victoria  House,  on  King  Street, 
and  there  he  continued  for  some  little  time.  He  entered  into  business  for  himself  in  October,  1849, 
at  No.  103  Yonge  Street,  Toronto,  and  from  that  date  until  his  death,  more  than  forty  years  subse 
quently,  he  was  actively  engaged  in  business,  first  as  a  retailer,  and  subsequently  in  the  wholesale 
dry  goods  trade. 

Though  brought  up  a  Presbyterian,  Mr.  Macdonald,  at  the  age  of  eighteen,  joined  the  Meth 
odist  body.  As  is  said  in  his  Life  the  Methodist  Church  "  met  his  wants,  satisfied  his  desires,  and  he 
was  in  sympathy  with  its  aims  and  methods." 

Few  men  have  ever  lived  a  more  devoted,  consecrated  life  than  did  John  Macdonald,  and  it 
but  justice  to  his  memory  to  conclude  this  sketch  by  quoting  the  words  of  his  biographer,  the  Rev. 
Hugh  Johnston,  D.D.  Referring  to  Senator  Macdonald's  last  days,  Mr.  Johnston  thus  speaks  :— 
"  His  life  was  as  a  finished  temple,  with  the  altar  fires  lit,  and  the  voice  of  worship  ascending  ;  but 
he  complained  that,  on  account  of  his  great  weakness,  he  was  not  able  to  pray.  He  said  to  his  wife, 
'  One  of  the  hardest  things  I  have  to  bear  is  that  I  have  not  power  to  pray.'  To  his  daughter  Lucie 
he  said,  '  Have  you  been  able  to  do  some  little  thing  to-day  to  make  someone  happier  ? '  He  was 
looking  at  life  in  the  light  of  eternity,  when,  instead  of  being  a  straight  line,  it  looks  more 
like  a  line  drawn  by  an  anemometer  upon  the  recording  sheet,  and  when  the  holiest  must  say  : 

'  Ah  !  but  the  best 

Somehow  eludes  us  ever  ;  still  might  be  ; 
And  is  not.' 

His  illness  was  sweetened  by  the  constant  devotion  of  his  wife,  and  the  society  of  beloved  children. 
His  every  want  was  anticipated,  and  they  watched  over  him  with  tender,  increasing  solicitude.  He 
was  suffering  from  a  severe  internal  malady,  and  in  a  short  time  the  disease  assumed  a  most  alarm 
ing  aspect.  His  family  physician,  Dr.  W.  T.  Aikens,  called  to  his  assistance  Drs.  Grasett,  Cam 
eron  and  Strange,  who  performed  a  difficult  and  delicate  operation.  The  operation  was  successfully 
carried  out,  but  Senator  Macdonald's  condition  did  not  improve.  Day  after  day  he  became  weaker, 
ever  supervened,  he  became  unconscious,  and  about  nine  o'clock  on  the  evening  of  February  4th,  1890, 
surrounded  by  his  family, 

'God's  finger  touched  him  and  he  slept.' 

"Death  came  to  him  without  pain,  without  foreboding.  It  was  like  Pilgrim  at  the  land  of  Beulah, 
waiting  for  the  message  and  the  crossing  of  the  river.  The  day  he  was  to  cross,  '  there  was  a  great 
calm  at  that  time  in  the  river,'  and  the  river  was  very  shallow.  He  went  quietly  down  to  the  gates  of 
death,  and  when  they  opened,  behold  !  it  was  not  death,  but  life. 

"  His  death  was  a  shock  and  surprise  to  the  country,  but  everything  betokened  the  love,  esteem 
and  profound  respect  of  the  people  among  whom  he  so  long  had  lived.  A  distinguished  citizen 
had  finished  an  honorable  career,  a  good  man  had  gone  to  his  reward,  a  public  benefactor  had  yielded 
his  spirit  to  God. 


"His  funeral  was  private.  On  Thursday  morning,  the  6th  of  February,  a  simple  funeral  procession 
made  up  of  his  family  and  a  few  friends,  threaded  its  way  silently  to  the  Necropolis,  where  all  that 
remained  of  Toronto's  Merchant  Prince  was  laid  away  in  hope  of  the  resurrection  from  the  dead." 

It  has  not  been  thought  necessary  in  this  sketch  to  refer  to  Mr.  Macdonald's  political  life.  It 
will  be  sufficient  to  say  that  he  entered  the  Provincial  Parliament  of  Upper  Canada  in  1863  as  a 
representative  of  the  Western  Division  of  Toronto.  Mr.  Macdonald  continued  to  represent  Toronto 
until  Confederation,  then  again  he  entered  Parliament  as  the  representative  of  the  constituency  of 
Centre  Toronto  in  the  House  of  Commons.  In  November,  1887,  Mr.  Macdonald  was  appointed  to 
the  Senate,  nominated  by  his  warm  personal  friend,  although  political  opponent,  Sir  John  A. 
Macdonald.  This  is  all  that  is  necessary  to  say  here  respecting  Mr.  Macdonald's  political  career. — (ED.) 



An  unbroken  line  of  Methodism  for  six  generations  since  the  days  of  John  Wesley  have 
distinguished  in  no  small  degree  the  family  from  which  the  Rev.  William  Joliffe  is  descended. 

While  on  a  visit  to  the  Motherland  in  1878,  he  transcribed  the  following  inscription  from  the 
tombstone  in  the  Cornish  Churchyard,  which  marked  his  grandmother's  last  resting  place,  and  it  is 
an  unmistakable  evidence  of  the  sterling  piety  which  distinguished  the  Methodism  of  that  time  : 

"  Sacred  to  the  memory  of  Elizabeth,  widow  of  the  late  Samuel  Joliffe  of  this  parish,  whom 
she  survived  twenty-eight  years,  departing  this  life  September  9th,  1832,  in  the  88th  year  of  her 
age.  Clear  in  her  scriptural  views  of  salvation,  through  faith  in  a  Divine  Redeemer,  she  was  happy 
in  the  love  of  God,  cheerful,  benevolent  and  unspotted  in  her  Christian  deportment,  calm  and 
resigned  during  her  affliction  and  triumphant  in  death.  She  was  the  first  person  in  this  parish  united 
with  the  Wesleyan  Society,  and  lived  and  died  in  the  Communion,  being  a  member  more  than  forty 
years.  Happy  Saint  !  Thou  hast  more  than  conquered  death  !  Thou  art  crowned  with  light  and 
love  ! " 

The  subject  of  our  sketch  was  born  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,  England,  on  the  10th  day  of 
October,  1825. 

His  father  had  been  a  lifelong  local  preacher,  and  in  the  thirteenth  year  of  his  age  William 
united  with  the  Methodist  Church. 

The  tenderness  of  young  years  of  inexperience  militated  somewhat  against  his  spiritual  life,  but 
when  seventeen  years  old,  a  deeper  feeling  operating  upon  his  heart,  drew  him  fully  into  the  Master's 
work.  When  he  was  nineteen  yeare  of  age  his  parents  left  the  Mother  Country  and  settled  in  Wis 
consin.  A  Society  of  Bible  Christians  had  just  been  organized  in  the  locality,  and  William  allied 
himself  with  them.  His  abilities  soon  raised  him  to  the  leadership,  and  for  nine  years  he  labored  in 
local  mission  work.  He  was  then  called  to  the  itinerancy  and  continued  in  that  capacity  for  eight 

In  1861  and  1862,  under  God's  blessing,  his  spiritual  endeavors  were  doubly  successful. 

In  the  year  1866  he  was  transferred  by  Conference  appointment  to  the .  Province  of  Ontario. 
Bowmanville,  London,  Cobourg,  Bowmanville,  Toronto,  Peterboro,  Bloomfield,  Consecon,  and  Tarn- 
worth  were  the  stations  at  which  he  was  located  for  twenty-seven  years,  and  of  this  time,  excepting 
five  years,  he  was  Chairman  of  his  District.  He  occupied  the  most  responsible  and  honorable  posi 
tions  within  the  power  of  his  church  to  bestow.  In  1876  he  was  Secretary  of  Conference  ;  in  the 
following  year  he  was  elected  President,  and  in  1878  he  was  sent  as  a  representative  delegate  to 
the  English  Conference. 

His  years  of  service  in  the  church  total  almost  half  a  century.  For  thirty-five  years  he  was 
engaged  in  active  ministerial  labor  ;  nine  years  he  spent  in  mission  work,  and  for  four  years  he  has 
been  upon  the  superannuation  list,  making  a  total  period  of  forty-eight  years  spent  in  Christian 
effort.  His  ministry  in  Agnes  St.  Church  is  still  remembered  by  old  residents  who  speak  enthusi 
astically  of  his  consecrated  efforts  in  the  Master's  cause  (1897.) 


He  wedded  Miss  Harriet  Thayer  on  March  7th,  1850.  A  devoted  and  zealous  Christian  woman, 
she  helped  in  no  small  degree  to  make  her  husband's  career  successful.  In  the  closing  years  of  her 
declining  age,  chastened  with  the  afflictions  and  trials  of  a  long  life,  she  now  waits  the  "land  of 


Fred  Carleton,  son  of  Robert  and  Elizabeth  Carleton,  of  Toronto,  was  born  in  Toronto  in  the 
year  1877. 

Mr.  Carleton,  although  quite  a  young  man,  has  been  engaged  in  mission  and  evangelistic  work  for 
several  years,  and  is  destined  at  no  distant  date  to  make  his  mark  in  the  ministry  of  the  Methodist 
Church.  He  was  educated  in  the  city  of  Toronto,  and  first  became  connected  with  the  Elm  St. 
Church  as  a  Sabbath  School  scholar,  and  nine  years  ago  became  a  member  of  Agnes  St.  Church, 
where  his  time  is  almost  wholly  taken  up  with  evangelistic  work. 

He  is  Chairman  of  the  Tract  Distributing  Committee,  whose  work  includes  distributing  religious 
tracts  and  other  religious  literature  amongst  the  Italian  population  of  the  City  Ward. 

Mr.  Carleton  is  a  local  preacher,  has  been  President  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  Association 
this  term,  a  position  which  he  fills  at  present,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  Y.M.C.A.  Bible  Class. 
He  is  one  of  the  Official  Board  of  Agnes  Street  Church. 

His  father  and  mother  were  born  in  Derry  County,  Ireland,  and  came  to  this  country  in  the 
year  1860. 

They  are  both  descendants  of  prominent  Methodist  families,  and  have  been  life-long  members  of 
the  Methodist  Church,  being  members  first  of  Elm  Street,  and  later  of  Agnes  St.  Church.  In  the 
latter  church,  Mr.  Carleton,  sr.,  is  by  virtue  of  his  position  an  Official  member  of  the  Board.  Mr. 
Carleton,  sr.,  is  a  landscape  gardener,  and  for  the  last  thirty-seven  years  has  been  foreman  of  the 
Queen's  Park. 

The  late  Miss  Minnie  Carleton,  who  departed  this  life  on  the  25th  of  August,  1897,  was  a  daugh 
ter  of  Mr.  Carleton,  sr.,  and  was  a  member  of  Agnes  St.  Church,  being  converted  under  M.  C.  H. 
Hammond  at  the  children's  evangelistic  meeting. 


George  Moorman,  son  of  George  and  Hannah  Moorman,  was  born  in  Carisbrooke,  Isle  of 
Wight,  in  1829,  and  came  to  Canada  in  1849,  locating  in  the  town  of  Belleville. 

His  parents  were  earnest  Christians,  whose  example  and  teaching  clung  to  their  son,  and  bore 
fruit  in  after  years. 

In  1853  Mr.  Moorman  went  home  to  the  old  land,  and  the  following  year  joined  the  95th  Foot, 
and  fought  through  the  Crimean  War  and  Indian  Mutiny,  taking  part  in  the  siege  and  storming  of 
Sebastopol,  receiving  three  war  medals  and  a  clasp.  He  served  his  country  twenty-one  years,  for 
which  he  is  drawing  a  pension.  Mr.  Moorman  became  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church  at  Belle 
ville  in  February,  1878,  and  on  coming  to  Toronto  joined  the  Richmond  Street  Church  in  October,  1880, 
and  remained  there  until  1885,  when  he  became  a  member  of  the  Agnes  Street  Church,  and  is  one  of  the 
Official  Board.  Mr.  Moorman  was  married  in  1866  to  Miss  Merriman,  daughter  of  John  Merriman, 
of  Hereford,  West  Pembroke,  South  Wales. 

Mrs.  Moorman  was  a  member  of  the  Richmond  Street  Church,  and  is  now  a  member  of  Agnes 
Street  Church. 


George  Weston  is  the  son  of  William  and  Ann  Weston  of  Toronto,  and  was  born  near  the 
Dity  of  New  York  in  the  year  1864.  His  parents  were  born  in  England,  and  for  many  years  after 
coming  to  Canada,  were  members  of  the  Queen  Street  Methodist  Church. 

Mr.  Weston  came  to  Toronto  when  four  years  of  age  and  has  remained  here  since.  He  was 
educated  in  the  Wellesley  Street  Collegiate  Institute,  and  after  leaving  school  learned  the  bakers' 
trade,  and  for  several  years  has  carried  on  one  of  the  largest  bakery  businesses  in  the  city. 


He  recently  completed  on  the  corner  of  Phoebe  and  Soho  Streets  the  largest  bakery  in  Canada, 
and  although  Mr.  Weston  is  but  a  young  man,  his  natural  ability,  energy  and  straightforward 
business  principles,  coupled  with  his  persistent  application,  has  placed  him  in  the  front  ranks  of  the 
business  men  of  Toronto. 

Mr.  Weston  joined  the  Elm  Street  Church  sixteen  years  ago,  and  has  been  a  member  of  Agnes 
Street  Church  for  thirteen  years,  and  one  of  the  Official  Board,  being  a  Sabbath  School  teacher  for 
six  years,  and  a  Class  Leader  for  the  same  length  of  time.  He  was  also  Treasurer  and  a  member  of 
the  Finance  Committee. 

Mr.  Weston  was  married  in  1888  to  Miss  Emma  Maud,  daughter  of  Mr.  David  Richards,  of 
Toronto.  Mrs.  Weston  is  also  a  member  of  the  Agnes  Street  Church. 


Mr.  David  G.  Livingstone,  son  of  David  and  Elizabeth  Livingstone,  was  born  in  the  State  of 
New  York  on  the  17th  August,  1852,  but  left  the  Stars  and  Stripes  for  the  Union  Jack  when  three 
years  of  age,  and  with  his  parents  located  on  a  farm  in  Derby  Township,  County  of  Grey,  where  he 
remained  about  twenty-five  years. 

In  1889  he  changed  country  for  city  life  and  located  in  Toronto,  where  he  is  engaged  with  Hendrie 
&  Co. ,  Freighters  and  Carters. 

Mr.  Livingstone  on  coming  to  the  city  became  a  member  of  Agnes  Street  Church,  and  is  at  present 
on  the  Official  Board  of  the  Church.  He  was  married  on  Dec.  21st,  1881,  to  Miss  Annie,  daughter 
of  John  Degell,  of  Grey  County,  a  prominent  member  in  the  Methodist  Church.  Mrs.  Livingstone  is 
also  a  member  of  Agnes  Street  Church. 


Rodger  H.  Atkinson,  son  of  Jacob  C.  and  Ann  Atkinson,  was  born  in  Washington,  County 
of  Durham,  England,  on  March  22nd,  1862.  His  father  and  mother  were  born  at  Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
and  were  prominent  members  of  the  Methodist  Church. 

Mr.  Atkinson  was  educated  at  Gainford  College  in  Yorkshire,  England,  spent  his  boyhood  at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne,  came  to  Canada  in  the  year  1886,  and  two  years  afterwards  became  a  member  of 
the  Agnes  Street  Church. 

He  has  been  an  Official  member  of  Agnes  Street  Church  for  years,  holding  the  positions  of 
Financial  Secretary,  Envelope  Steward  and  Secretary  of  the  Young  People's  Christian  Association. 

Mr.  Atkinson  was  married  in  1881  to  Miss  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Smith,  of  Gateshead-on-Tyne. 
Mrs.  Atkinson  is  also  an  active  member  of  the  same  Church.  Mr.  Atkinson  joined  the  Agnes  Street 
Church,  under  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  J.  M.  Wilkinson,  in  the  year  1888.  Mrs.  Atkinson  and  two 
boys  were  converted  at  the  same  time,  Alfred  Joseph  and  Charles,  both  members  of  the  Agnes  Street 
Church.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Workmen's  Granite  Lodge,  No.  53,  Toronto,  and  is  foreman  of 
George  H.  Hees,  Sons  &  Company,  Window  Shade  Manufacturers,  King  Street  West. 


Charles  Smedley,  son  of  Joseph  and  Ann  Smedley,  of  Gloucestershire,  England,  was  born  in 
Cheltenham,  Gloucestershire,  England,  in  the  year  1846,  and  came  to  Canada  when  a  lad  of  four 
years  of  age.  He  has  been  connected  with  the  fire  department  of  the  city  since  he  was  a  boy. 

He  belonged  to  the  Volunteer  Fire  Brigade  as  a  hose  boy,  and  has  been  stationed  inside  the  hall 
since  1st  October,  1874,  when  the  permanent  Fire  Department  was  established. 

At  the  Globe  fire,  a  few  years  ago,  Mr.  Smedley  was  with  Chief  Ardagh  when  they  were  com 
pelled  to  leap  from  the  third  storey  of  the  Globe  building  to  the  ground  to  save  their  lives,  the  Chief 
being  fatally,  and  Mr.  Smedley  seriously  injured. 

Mr.  Smedley  first  connected  himself  with  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church,  on  the  corner  of  Oak 
and  Parliament  Streets,  and  soon  afterwards  became  a  member  of  Queen  Street  Church,  and  for  the 


last  twelve  years  has  been  a  member  of  Agnes  Street  Church,  and  is  on  the  Official  Board,  being  As 
sistant  Class- Leader  and  representative. 

Mr.  Smedley  was  married  to  Miss  Esther  Jane,  daughter  of  Mr.  F.  Graham,  of  Toronto.  She 
was  for  many  years  a  member  of  Broadway  Tabernacle,  and  died  on  June  25th,  1896. 


Warren  Fegan,  son  of  Robert  A.  and  Mary  Jane  Fegan,  was  born  at  Jordan,  Lincoln  Coun 
ty,  January  13th,  1868.  His  parents  were  born  in  Canada,  and  were  members  of  the  Methodist 

Mr.  Fegan  spent  his  boyhood  at  Jordan  and  Fen  wick,  and  thirteen  years  ago  came  to  the  City  of 
Toronto,  and  carries  on  an  extensive  boot  and  shoe  business  on  Queen  Street  West.  Mr.  Fegan  be 
came  a  member  of  the  Agnes  Street  Church  in  1896,  and  although  a  young  man  is  on  the  Official 
Board  of  the  Church. 

He  was  married  in  1890  to  Miss  Jennie,  daughter  of  Mr.  A.  R.  Doran,  of  Beaverton,  and  his 
wife  is  also  a  member  of  Agnes  Street  Church.  Mr.  Fegan  is  engaged  in  the  missionary  work  in 
connection  with  the  Sabbath  School  in  St.  John's  Ward. 



David  McCann  was  born  in  County  Armagh,  Ireland,  and  attended  the  National  Schools  there, 
after  which  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  grocery  business,  but  after  serving  a  part  of  his  time  only  he 
resolved  to  come  to  Canada.  To  this  city  he  came  all  alone  when  about  eighteen  years  of  age,  and 
soon  after  was  employed  by  the  American  Express  Company  as  transfer  man  at  the  depots.  This 
post  he  held  for  eleven  years,  and  then  he  worked  for  seven  years  at  John  Macdonald's.  taking  in  the 
goods  as  they  came.  He  has  been  now  for  seven  years  caretaker  of  the  Clinton  St.  Public  School, 
under  the  Toronto  School  Board. 

Mr.  McCann's  parents  were  formerly  connected  with  the  Church  of  England,  but  before  he  came 
to  Canada  they  had  all  joined  the  Methodist  Church.  He  is  a  zealous  member  of  Bathurst  St. 
Church,  and  also  of  the  Trustee  Board,  and  was  formerly  on  the  Quarterly  Board.  Mr.  McCann  has 
been  long  connected  with  the  Bathurst  St.  cause,  before  the  present  church  was  built,  and  is  warmly 
interested  in  the  prosperity  of  the  same. 

He  was  married  about  1872  to  Margaret  Hanna,  and  they  have  had  five  children,  all  of  whom 
are  living.  Mrs.  McCann  takes  a  warm  interest  in  the  Ladies'  Aid  Society,  and  two  daughters  are 
members  of  the  Epworth  League,  a  son  is  in  the  plumbing  trade  at  Niagara  Falls,  N.Y.,  and  he  is 
also  a  member  of  the  Toronto  Field  Battery. 


W.  M.  Charlton  was  born  in  the  Township  of  Vaughan,  County  of  York,  Ont.,  in  1838,  and 
attended  the  Public  School  there.  He  is  the  son  of  John  and  Fannie  Charlton,  of  that  district. 

Mr.  Charlton  first  came  out  decidedly  as  a  Christian  at  Trinity  Church,  Bloor  St.  W.,  in  the 
time  of  the  late  Rev.  Mr.  Jeffrey,  and  transferred  to  the  membership  of  the  Bathurst  St.  during 
the  ministry  of  that  gentleman,  where  he  now  holds  the  position  of  Trustee  and  Steward,  and  is  a 
warm  supporter  of  the  cause.  He  married  Miss  Margaret  Coleman,  of  Vaughan  Township,  some 
thirty  years  ago.  Mrs.  Charlton  was  President  of  Bathurst  St.  Ladies'  Aid  Society  for  three  years, 
and  took  a  general  active  interest  in  the  welfare  and  progress  of  the  church. 


William  Jay  was  born  in  the  County  of  Hereford,  England,  in  1848,  his  parents  being  William 
and  Mary  Jay.  Hereford  being  a  lovely  farming  county,  especially  for  dairy  products,  it  is  no  won- 



der  that  all  Mr.  Jay's  ancestors  were  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits.  He  attended  the  Parochial 
School  at  the  town  of  Gye.  Twenty-seven  years  ago  (1870)  Mr.  Jay  came  to  Canada  and  engaged  in 
the  gardening  and  florist  businesses,  in  which  he  has  had  a  good  share  of  success,  and  has  taken 
many  prizes  at  horticultural  shows  in  the  city. 

He  joined  the  Bible  Christian  Church  in  1874,  and  has  been  a  member  of  the  Bathurst  St.  Church 
since  the  union.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Trustee  Board,  Quarterly  Board  and  was  on  the  Finance 
Board  some  time  ago.  He  also  acts  as  an  usher  at  the  church  services.  He  was  married  in  1874  to 
Miss  Mary  Jane  Low,  a  relative  of  Mr.  E.  P.  Roden,  of  the  Berkeley  St.  Church. 


William  D.  Michael  was  born  in  the  township  of  Whitby,  Ont.,  in  1838,  and  attended  the  Public 
School  there  and  also  the  High  School  at  Oshawa.  After  this  educational  course  he  served  seven 
years'  apprenticeship  with  the  firm  of  GibbsBros.,  of  Oshawa,  and  followed  up  this  career  by  conduct 
ing  a  dry  goods  business  for  himself  during  another  seven  years  at  Oshawa.  Then  lie  went  to  St. 
Louis,  Mo.,  and  engaged  in  the  some  business  for  seven  years  more,  whence  he  came  to  Sarnia,  Ont., 
and  stayed  six  years  at  his  business.  Then  he  took  a  position  as  buyer  in  this  city  with  the  late  firm 
of  W.  J.  McMaster  &  Co.  He  has  now  been  in  his  present  employment  in  a  like  capacity  for  ten 
years  past  with  the  well-known  firm  of  Gordon,  McKay  &  Co.  While  in  the  pursuit  of  his  duties  as 
buyer  for  the  two  above-named  firms  he  has  crossed  the  Atlantic  some  thirty  or  forty  times.  Mr. 
Michael's  parents  were  natives  of  Aberdeen,  Scotland,  and  as  a  young  and  newly-married  couple  they 
came  out  to  Canada  when  all  was  a  wilderness.  His  father  died  at  the  ripe  age  of  eighty-three  on 
the  same  farm  he  first  settled  on  Mr.  Michael  was  married  about  thirty  years  ago  to  Miss  Cowle,  of 
Columbus,  in  the  township  of  Whitby,  and  they  have  had  three  children,  one  of  whom  survives,  and. 
is  a  prosperous  medical  practitioner  in  Binghamton,  N.Y.,  namely,  Dr.  F.  M.  Michael,  specialist  in 
eye  and  ear  troubles.  Mr.  Michael  has  been  a  very  popular  citizen,  especially  at  Oshawa,  and  among 
the  young  people.  He  held  the  offices  of  Town  Councillor,  Trustee  of  the  School  Board,  and  was 
Deputy  Reeve  of  the  town  of  Oshawa  for  a  number  of  years  and  "filled  the  bill"  to  repletion.  Mr. 
Michael  also  took  part  in  military  matters,  and  was  Captain  in  the  34th  Battalion  Oshawa  Rifles  for 
ten  years,  and  saw  active  service  in  the  Fenian  Raid. 

He  at  the  age  of  twenty-three,  (when  employed  by  GibbsBros.)  joined  the  Oshawa  Methodist 
Church  under  the  ministry  of  the  late  Rev.  G.  N.  A.  F.  T.  Dickson.  He  once  taught  in  Sunday 
School,  also  taught  a  boys'  Bible  class  until  a  recent  date,  but  owing  to  the  nature  of  his  duties  call 
ing  him  away  so  much,  his  active  interest  is  limited.  He  is  a  Trustee  and  Recording  Steward  of 
Bathurst  St.  Church,  and  takes  great  interest  in  the  good  work  among  the  young  people. 


William  Toms  was  born  at  Morristown,  Devonport,  England,  in  1841,  and  was  educated  at  a  private 
academy,  after  which  he  served  five  years'  apprenticeship  to  the  dry  goods  business.  After  this  he 
was  engaged  in  that  line  at  Plymouth,  Blackheath,  London,  Liverpool,  and  in  1864  he  returned  bo 
Plymouth,  and  married  Miss  Kingdon,  the  daughter  of  a  local  preacher,  and  for  four  years  conducted 
a  provision  business.  In  1871  he  came  to  Toronto  and  was  a  furniture  salesman  for  two  years,  then 
book-keeper  for  H.  T.  Smith  of  Queen  St.  West,  and  has  now  been  with  P.  W.  Ellis  &  Co.,  manu 
facturing  jewellers  for  the  past  seventeen  years. 

Mr.  Toms  took  a  very  active  part  in  the  Wesleyan  cause  in  various  places  in  England,  and  in 
Toronto  has  attended  old  Richmond  Street  Church,  Elm  Street  (where  he  sang  in  the  choir  for  four 
years),  Sherbourne  Street,  Berkeley  Street,  and  now  Bathurst  Street  Church,  where  he  and  his  family 
take  a  great  interest  in  the  good  cause.  He  is  a  member  of  S.O.E.B.S.  (for  sixteen  years),  C.O.O.F. 
and  of  the  Manchester  Unity  I.O.O.F.  (for  thirty-six  years.) 




Mr.  Hillock  was  born  in  the  city  of  Toronto,  Canada,  in  1840.  He  received  his  education  in 
Toronto,  and  after  leaving  school  engaged  with  McBean  &  Withrow,  lumber  dealers,  where  he  was 
engaged  for  14  years,  and  latterly  with  Mr.  John  Kent.  The  firm  prospered  and  was  one  of  the  best 
known  in  Toronto.  On  the  death  of  Mr.  Kent  (at  which  time  the  firm  had  been  carrying  on  business 
for  nineteen  years)  Mr.  Hillock  continued  the  business  alone,  and  is  still  engaged  in  it. 

In  his  early  days  Mr.  Hillock  attended  the  Presbyterian  church,  but  in  1870  lie  became  a  member 
of  Berkeley  Street  Methodist  Church. 

On  November  9th,  1870,  Mr.  Hillock  was  married  to  Miss  Margaret  Wilkinson,  who  was  a  mem 
ber  of  Berkeley  Street  Church  choir. 

Mr.  Hillock  is  connected  with  the  Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen  and  Masonic  Lodges. 


George  A.  Galloway  was  born  in  I'aris,  Ontario,  in  1862.  He  spent  part  of  his  early  life  in 
Guelph,  where  his  father  carried  on  a  dry  goods  business,  and  came  to  Toronto  some  twenty-five 
years  ago. 

Mr.  Galloway's  parents  being  Methodists,  he  was  brought  up  in  that  denomination  and  attended 
the  Metropolitan  Church  for  twenty  years.  In  1896  he  became  a  member  of  the  Berkeley  Street 
Methodist  Church. 

Mr.  Galloway  was  married  thirteen  years  ago.  Both  he  and  his  wife  take  an  active  interest  in 
church  work,  he  being  at  present  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board,  and  Mrs.  Galloway  being  one  of 
the  leading  singers  in  the  choir. 

Mr.  Galloway  is  Head  Accountant  for  P.  W.  Ellis  &  Co.,  wholesale  jewellers,  with  whom  he  has 
been  engaged  for  the  last  nine  years  (1898). 


Emerson  Coatsworth,  who  is  City  Commissioner  of  Toronto,  and  one  of  our  best  known  and 
respected  citizens,  was  born  in  Yorkshire,  England,  in  1825.  His  father  having  died  in  England, 
his  mother,  with  her  children  and  some  other  relatives,  came  to  Canada  in  1832.  On  landing  in 
Quebec  they  experienced  a  hard  time  on  account  of  the  cholera,  after  which  they  finally  settled  in 
.  Catharines,  where  Mr.  Coatsworth  learned  a  carpenter's  trade  and  worked  on  different  locks  and 
bridges  on  the  Welland  Canal.  He  followed  this  line  of  business  for  years,  working  as  foreman  and 
superintendent  on  many  public  contracts.  He  started  in  business  in  Toronto  for  himself  and  took 
many  contracts  for  the  city,  being  the  head  in  the  construction  of  many  bridges  and  other  public 
works  in  Ontario. 

On  the  4th  of  March,  1873,  Mr.  Coatsworth  took  the  office  of  City  Commissioner,  which  was  at 
that  time  a  very  trying  position,  there  being  so  many  departments  to  look  after.  Mr.  Coatsworth 
has  been  successful  in  his  position,  and  though  over  seventy  years  of  age,  he  serves  the  city  to-day  in 
the  same  capacity  and  has  seen  it  through  many  troublesome  times  and  helped  it  to  prosper. 

He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church  since  he  was  sixteen  years  old,  and  is  looked  upon 
is  one  of  the  fathers  of  the  Berkeley  Street  Church,  having  helped  to  build  it  and  being  one  of  its 
first  trustees.  He  takes  an  active  interest  in  church  work  and  is  always  ready  to  help  in  any  good 


Mr.  Coatsworth  has  been  married  twice,  and  has  a  family  consisting  of  four  sons  and  two  daugh 
ters,  all  married.  One  of  his  sons  lately  being  a  member  of  Parliament  for  East  Toronto.  Mr 
Coatsworth  is  the  kind  of  man  we  want  more  of  ;  though  he  is  over  seventy  years  of  age  he  still 
works  every  day  at  his  office  in  the  City  Hall. 


F.  A.  BOWDEN. 

F.  A.  Bowden  was  born  in  Toronto  in  1855,  and  having  lived  in  the  city  all  his  life  has  seen 
many  changes  and  improvements.  Mr.  Bowden's  father  was  a  builder  in  Toronto,  and  his  son,  hav 
ing  branched  off  from  building,  entered  into  the  lumber  business  which  he  still  carries  on  at  139  and 
141  Front  Street  East,  under  the  firm  name  of  DeLaplante  &  Bowden. 

He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Berkeley  Street  Methodist  Church  all  his  life,  and  has  always  taken 
an  active  part  in  church  work.  At  present  he  fills  the  position  of  Pew  Steward,  and  is  a  member  of 
the  Trustee  Board.  He  is  also  an  active  worker  in  the  Sunday  School,  in  which  he  has  held  the  posi 
tions  of  Assistant  Secretary  and  Superintendent,  but  his  principal  work  has  been  in  training  the 
children  and  leading  in  the  service  of  song. 

Mr.  Bowden  was  married  in  1888  to  Miss  Jackman,  of  Toronto.  They  have  two  children,  both 
of  whom  attend  Berkeley  Street  Church. 


He  was  born  in  1859  in  the  County  of  Northumberland,  England,  and  when  he  was  in  his  second 
year  his  parents  removed  to  their  native  town  at  the  opposite  end  of  the  "  tight  little  island, "name 
ly,  to  Bideford,  Devonshire.  Here  Mr.  Edmonds  attended  the  National,  and  afterwards  the  Gram 
mar  School  to  finish  his  early  education.  He  came  to  Toronto  with  his  parents  when  about  fifteen 
years  of  age,  and  served  a  five  years'  apprenticeship  to  the  printing  trade,  and  another  five  years,  or 
thereabouts,  he  worked  as  journeyman  printer.  He  purchased  the  Cannington  Gleaner,  in  1885,  and 
sold  out  two  and  a  half  years  later,  coming  back  to  Toronto,  where  he  has  since  been  engaged  on  the 
daily  and  commercial  press.  For  two  years  he  was  Commercial  Editor  of  the  World,  and  was  also 
acting  City  Editor  for  sometime.  Leaving  the  World  in  1893,  he  came  to  the  MacLean  Printing  and 
Publishing  Company,  of  Front  Street  West,  as  Editor  of  the  Canadian  Grocer  and  Hardware,  and 
Metal,  two  weekly  trade  papers. 

Mr.  Edmonds  first  joined  the  Church  about  fifteen  years  ago  at  Berkeley  Street,  and  has  shown 
active  interest  in  the  good  work  as  Sunday  School  teacher,  and  is  now  Assistant  Superintendent  of 
that  school.  He  was  for  three  years  President  of  the  Young  People's  Epworth  League,  and  is  Assist 
ant  Leader  of  the  Young  Men's  Class,  and  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board. 

He  married  in  1886  Miss  Ida  E.  Galley,  second  daughter  of  Ex-Alderman  E.  Galley,  a  member 
of  Trinity  Methodist  Church.  He  has  lately  been  nominated  as  President  of  the  East  Toronto  Dis 
trict  Y.  P.  S.C.E. 

Mr.  Edmonds  is  out-and-out  on  the  side  of  Temperance  and  all  other  good  measures  for  tbe 
welfare  and  uplifting  of  humanity. 


To  all  lovers  of  music  generally,  and  of  vocal  music  in  particular,  the  very  name  "  Bradley  "  is 
strikingly  familiar,  even  beyond  the  limits  of  this  city  and  province.  Of  this  more  anon.  John  W. 
Bradley,  of  130  Seaton  Street,  Toronto,  was  born  at  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  England,  in  1841.  At  a 
very  early  age  the  family  moved  to  London,  whence,  after  a  few  years  they  again  moved  to  the  an 
cient  city  of  Chester,  where  Mr.  Bradley  received  his  early  education  at  the  King's  School.  At  the 
age  of  12  he  came  with  his  parents  to  Canada,  and  he  went  to  the  Model  School.  Then  he  started  as 
clerk  in  a  hardware  store,  till  he  was  about  sixteen,  when  he  commenced  railroading,  and  has  con 
tinued  at  it  ever  since.  Mr.  Bradley  has  filled  nearly  every  post  connected  with  passenger  trains, 
and  now  has  charge  of  the  baggage  department  of  the  train. 

He  married  Miss  Sarah  R.  Gray,  a  native  of  Toronto,  of  English  parentage,  her  father  being 
Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Toronto  and  Nipissing  R.R.  This  happy  union  has  been  blessed  with  five 
children,  three  of  whom  have  been  called  to  rest. 

Mr.  Bradley  joined  the  Methodist  communion  about  twelve  years  ago,  at  Berkeley  Street  Church, 
under  Rev.  J.  E.  Starr,  and  has  been  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board  for  some  years.  His  occupa- 


tion  deprives  him  of  many  opportunities  of  service,  from  the  nature  of  it.     He  is  a  straight  voter  on 
the  side  of  temperance. 

Mr.  Bradley  has  been  for  nine  years  financier  of  an  A.O.U.W.  lodge,  and  is  also  a  member  of 
A.F.  and  A.M. 

We  began  this  sketch  by  a  reference  to  music,  and  of  course  Mrs.  Bradley's  name  must  be  alluded 
to  in  that  connection.  Needless  to  say,  she  is  a  brilliant  musician,  of  whom  we  are  all  proud.  She 
has  been  choir  director  of  Berkeley  Street  Church  for  about  fourteen  years  ;  and  was  also  in  the  Met 
ropolitan  Church  choir  for  a  long  season,  and  was  presented  on  retiring  with  an  illuminated  address 
and  purse  of  gold,  also  she  has  been  vocal  teacher  at  Ladies'  College,  Whitby,  about  thirteen  years, 
as  also  at  our  Conservatory  of  Music  in  this  city.  Miss  Bradley  made  her  debut  on  Sunday  evening, 
Sept.  12th,  1897,  at  Berkeley  Street  Church,  acquitting  herself  so  well  as  to  promise  great  things 
musical  in  the  future.  Mr.  Bruce  Bradley  is  engaged  by  the  choir  of  Jarvis  Street  Baptist  Church 
as  tenor  soloist. 


It  is  always  a  great  pleasure  to  have  to  chronicle  a  few  leading  facts  of  the  life  and  traits  of  char 
acter  of  one  "  who  is  a  man"  in  every  sense  of  that  noble  and  often  misapplied  term. 

William  C.  Wilkinson,  one  of  Toronto's  most  honored,  trusted  and  respected  citizens,  was  born 
in  this  city  in  August,  1841.  As  far  back  as  1825,  when  the  city  was  York,  the  late  Christopher 
(name  of  good  omen)  Wilkinson,  the  father  of  above,  came  from  Cumberland,  England,  and  settling 
down  here  became  a  successful  builder  and  contractor.  William  C.  Wilkinson  still  lives  in  part  of 
the  old  homestead  on  Parliament  Street. 

"  Like  father,  like  son,"  was  exemplified  once  more,  for  Mr.  Wilkinson  learned  the  building 
trade  with  his  father,  when,  after  passing  through  successfully  the  Public  Schools  and  private  tuition, 
he  entered  on  the  battle  of  life.  Right  "  from  his  j'outh  up,"  we  may  truthfully  say,  has  Mr.  Wil 
kinson  been  active  in  all  good  and  noble  work  for  the  religious  and  social  welfare  of  his  fellow-beings. 

As  early  as  the  age  of  14  he  became  a  cadet  in  the  great  temperance  cause,  and  he  has  been 
awarded  many  of  the  highest  honors  that  its  adherents  could  confer  on  him,  and  he  is  likely  to  die 
fighting  on  its  behalf. 

In  1874,  in  the  very  prime  of  life,  he  was  so  trusted  as  to  be  awarded  the  onerous  and  respon 
sible  position  of  Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Toronto  Public  School  Board,  which  office  he  now  fills 
with  complete  satisfaction  to  his  fellow-citizens. 

In  fraternal- benevolent  societies  he  is  an  untiring  and  active  worker  and  supporter,  notably  in 
the  Masonic  fraternity. 

Last,  but  by  no  means  least,  we  come  to  the  great  secret  of  all  his  success,  his  great  love  and 
zeal  in  the  Master's  work.  For  many  long  years  he  has  been  connected  with  the  Methodist  Church 
at  Berkeley  Street,  and  there  he  has  made  his  mark,  in  every  possible  way  helping  on  the  good  work. 
"  Honors  "  have  been  "  showered  thick  upon  him  "  for  his  well-earned  merit,  he  having  been  appointed 
at  various  times  Trustee,  Member  of  the  Official  Board,  President  of  the  Home  Missionary  Society, 
member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Methodist  Social  Union,  Secretary  of  the  Sunday  School 
for  twenty -six  years,  and  this  year  a  member  of  the  Toronto  Conference.  These  distinctions  have 
been  well  earned,  well  deserved. 

So  long  as  it  shall  please  the  Arbiter  of  life  and  death  to  spare  him  he  will  doubtless  be  found 
faithful  at  his  post  of  duty,  either  secular  or  religious,  and  at  the  final  roll-call  will  receive  the  reward 
of  all  those  who  have  been  faithful  to  the  end. 


The  bearer  of  this  name,  well-known  almost  in  every  Toronto  household,  was  born  in  this  city, 
on  the  9th  March,  1854,  and  educated  in  the  public  schools.  He  next  attended  the  British-American 
Commercial  College,  and  successfully  prosecuted  his  studies  for  the  stern  business  of  life.  In  the  year 
1875,  he  commenced  the  study  of  law,  being  articled  to  Mr.  Rose,  now  the  well-known  and 


learned  Judge.  Becoming  a  barrister  in  1879,  he  was  admitted  a  partner  with  Mr.  Rose  in  the 
legal  profession. 

Mr.  Coatsworth,  with  courage  and  steady  determination,  has  succeeded  well  in  his  chosen  pro 
fession,  and  is  now  a  member  of  the  firm  of  McMurrich,  Coatsworth,  Hodgins  &  Co.  He  married, 
in  1883,  Miss  Helen  Robertson,  of  DeCew  Falls,  Ontario,  and  has  had  a  family  of  four,  two 
boys  and  two  girls.  In  1886  he  was  honored  by  the  degree  of  LL.B.,  conferred  by  the  University 
of  Toronto. 

Mr.  Coatsworth,  in  1891,  was  entrusted  by  his  fellow-citizens  of  East  Toronto  to  represent  them 
in  the  Dominion  Parliament  in  the  Conservative  interest,  the  late  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald  being 
Premier.  In  1896,  however,  he  was  defeated  at  the  polls,  choosing  to  stand  firm  to  his  party,  and 
rise  or  fall  with  them. 

About  1870,  Mr.  Coatsworth  became  an  active  member  of  the  Church,  and  taught  Sunday  School 
for  many  years.  He  was  then  made  Assistant  Superintendent,  and  now  holds  the  honored  position 
of  Superintendent.  He  has  been  a  life-long  attendant  at  Berkeley  Street  Church,  a  member  of  the 
Quarterly  Board  for  many  years,  and  is  now  Treasurer  of  the  Trust  Board  of  the  Church.  Up  to 
present  date  Mr.  Coatsworth's  record  is  one  that  young  men  can  look  up  to  and  emulate,  with 
profit  to  themselves,  their  fellow  citizens  and  the  good  cause. 


Was  born  in  the  town  of  Stratton,  in  the  County  of  Cornwall,  England,  1853,  and  was  educated 
at  the  National  School  of  that  parish.  At  about  the  age  of  fourteen  he  commenced  life's  work  by 
serving  an  apprenticeship  of  seven  years  to  the  trade  of  printing.  At  the  expiration  of  this  period 
he  started  out  on  a  journeyman's  footing,  and  worked  for  three  years  on  the  Plymouth  Daily  Mer 
cury.  He  then  came  to  Toronto,  Canada,  and  here  he  began  to  work  at  the  printing,  and  for  about 
two  years  with  the  old  firm  of  Hunter,  Rose  &  Co.  Thinking  to  improve  his  position,  he  changed 
his  situation  to  the  printing  office  of  the  Methodist  Book  and  Publishing  House  where  he  has  remained 
until  the  present  time,  a  period  of  nearly  nineteen  years. 

Mr.  Balson  was  converted  when  yet  a  youth  of  about  fifteen,  at  his  native  town,  under  Rev.  R.  J. 
Thomas,  a  Wesleyan  Methodist  minister.  In  Toronto  he  joined  the  old  Richmond  Street  Church,  it 
being  more  like  those  of  his  own  land,  under  the  pastorate  of  Revs.  George  Young  and  F.  H.  Wal 
lace,  M.A.,  B.D.  Living  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  city,  Mr.  Balson  found  it  afterwards  more 
convenient  to  attend  and  worship  at  the  Berkeley  Street  Church,  Rev.  I.  Tovell  being  the  pastor. 

In  his  native  home  he  had  taught  in  the  Sabbath  School,  and,  as  a  member  of  the  old  Richmond 
Street  Church,  Mr.  Balson  acted  as  Sunday  School  teacher  and  assistant  class  leader.  While  at 
Berkeley  Street  Church  he  has  been  engaged  in  Sunday  School  and  cottage  meetings,  was  assistant 
class  leader  with  the  late  Mr.  Finlay  McDonald,  and  now  succeeds  him  as  leader.  Mr.  Balson  is  a 
very  ardent  Temperance  advocate  of  the  strongest  measures,  being  a  total  Prohibitionist.  He  is 
always  very  active  at  municipal  and  other  elections  to  have  the  bestmen  returned,  believingm  "works" 
as  well  as  "  faith."  Being  a  warm-hearted,  impulsive  Cornishman,  he  takes  an  interest  in  the  Royal 
Arcanum,  and  is  an  enthusiastic  life  long  member  of  the  Ancient  Order  of  Foresters. 



James  N.  Peer  was  born  in  the  Township  of  Nelson  in  July  22nd,  1845,  whose  parents  were 
highly  respected  members  of  the  Methodist  Church.  His  education  was  begun  in  the  Public  School 
of  the  township,  and  completed  by  taking  a  business  course  in  the  Commercial  College  in  this  city. 
He  learned  the  flour,  milling  and  grain  business,  after  which  he  opened  a  warehouse  in  Brantford, 
afterwards  he  removed  to  London,  where  he  remained  for  some  eight  years.  Disposing  of  his  business 
he  came  to  Toronto  and  opened  a  grain  commission  office  at  the  corner  of  Church  and  Wellington 
Streets.  On  his  coming  to  his  majority  he  gladdened  the  hearts  of  his  parents  by  becoming  a 


Christian  in  Lowville  Church,  of  Milton  Circuit,  under  the  ministry  of  Rev.  George  Goodson.  Mr. 
Peer  associated  himself  with  the  Church,  but  on  moving  to  Brantford  transferred  his  membership  to 
Wellington  Street  Church,  where  he  was  a  respected  member.  On  his  arrival  in  London  he  became 
connected  with  the  Queen's  Avenue  Church,  where  he  was  a  very  active  worker,  occupying  seats  on 
the  Official  and  Sabbath  School  Board,  also  filling  the  position  of  Class  Leader,  Steward,  Assistant 
Superintendent  and  Sunday  School  Teacher.  After  a  residence  of  eight  years  in  the  Forest  City  he 
returned  to  Brantford  and  joined  the  Brant  Avenue  Church,  occupying  the  same  positions  as  in 
London  with  one  exception,  becoming  the  Superintendent  of  Sunday  School  instead  of  Assistant. 
He  remained  in  the  Society  for  five  years,  then  removing  to  Toronto  in  1884  he  formed  an  association 
with  Carlton  Street  Church  (the  pastor  being  Rev.  John  Philp),  which  he  held  for  three  years, 
having  as  an  Associate  Leader  the  late  John  Kent,  and  having  charge  of  a  Young  Men's  Bible  Class. 
Severing  his  connection  with  this  Church  he  joined  Broadway  Tabernacle  and  was  a  member  for 
eight  years,  was  appointed  Representative  Steward  and  held  the  position  of  Recording  Steward  for 
four  years,  as  well  as  being  actively  engaged  in  Sunday  School  work  as  teacher  of  a  Young  Ladies' 
Bible  Class.  Removing  westward  to  Parkdale  he  entered  into  Church  relationship  with  Parkdale 
Methodist  Church,  where  he  enjoyed  positions  on  the  Official  and  Sunday  School  Boards.  To-day 
Mr.  Peer  is  a  member  of  Broadway  Tabernacle.  Mr.  Peer  was  married  in  the  year  1869.  His  wife 
(she  was  a  Miss  Theresa  J.  Kenny)  died  after  a  short  married  life  of  three  months.  In  the  year 
1871  he  married  again,  Miss  Rebecca  Zimmerman,  of  Nelson  Township,  being  his  bride. 


John  Price  was  born  in  the  County  Armagh,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1835.  At  the  age  of  six  he  was 
left  an  orphan.  Coming  to  Canada  in  1840  with  his  mother  they  located  in  the  Township  of  Albion, 
where  young  Rice  received  his  education.  After  leaving  school  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  shoemaking 
trade,  which  he  followed  up  to  coming  to  Toronto  in  1864.  After  which  he  became  a  faithful  and 
trusted  employee  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway,  occupying  the  position  of  baggage  master,  and  during 
his  term  of  twenty-seven  years  of  railroad  life  Mr.  Price  travelled  1,352,000  miles  without  scratch  or 
injury,  and  on  his  retirement  received  highly  commendatory  certificates  of  diligence,  faithfuln3ss  and 
ability  while  in  the  employ  of  the  railway. 

At  the  age  of  seventeen  Mr.  Price  made  public  profession  of  his  principles  and  became  a  member 
in  the  year  1852,  of  Old  Richmond  Street  Church.  Mr.  Price  became  an  active  worker,  at  once  enter 
ed  upon  Sabbath  School  work  which  has  been  the  joy  and  pleasure  of  his  life.  Mr.  Price  and  a  Mr. 
Smith  one  Sabbath  afternoon,  desirous  of  being  engaged  in  the  work  for  the  Master,  was  out  looking 
for  a  suitable  place  in  which  to  hold  a  prayer  meeting.  They  met  Mr.  Peter  Kirkham  who  very 
kindly  offered  them  his  house.  The  holding  of  prayer  meetings  developed  into  class  meetings  and 
the  opening  of  a  Sabbath  School,  which  became  the  nucleus  of  Seaton  Village  Methodist  Church  (now 
the  Bathurst  Street  Methodist  Church).  Mr.  Price  became  the  Superintendent  of  the  Sabbath 
School,  and  during  his  term  of  office  profitable  picnics  were  held  for  seven  years,  out  of  the  proceeds 
of  which  they  paid  $350.00  into  the  church  funds.  This  church  belonged  to  the  Richmond  Street 
Circuit  or  Toronto  West,  afterwards  in  the  year  1874  connected  with  New  Connexion  Mission  on  the 
west  corner  of  St.  Patrick  and  Spadina  Avenue.  Mr.  Price  filled  the  following  positions  in  this 
Church  :  Class  Leader,  he  led  the  same  class  for  twenty-three  years  ;  member  of  Trustee  and  Official 
Board  of  the  Spadina  Avenue  Union  Methodist  Church  ;  this  building  then  occupied  the  site  of  the 
present  Broadway  Tabernacle.  Mr.  Price  has  been  one  of  the  managers  and  visitors  of  the  House  of 
Industry,  corner  of  Elm  and  Elizabeth  Streets,  since  1893. 



Mrs.  Martha  Forster,  widow  of  the  late  Thomas  Forster,  was  born  in  the  Township  of  Toronto, 
County  of  York,  and  at  an  early  age  moved  with  her  parents  to  the  vicinity  of  Brampton,  where  she 
was  married  and  became  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church. 


After  remaining  there  for  three  years  she  with  her  husband  removed  to  the  village  of   Norval, 
1     they  were  prominently  identified  with  the  Methodist  Church. 

Thomas  Forster,  husband  of  the  subject  of  the  above  sketch,  was  born  near  the  town  of  Brampton, 
County  of  Cumberland,  England,  and  came  to  this  country  with  his  parents  when  only  three  years  of  age. 
He  became  a  Local  Preacher,  a  Class  Leader  and  Sabbath  School  teacher.  His  father  was  also  a  Local 
Preacher  of  much  prominence.  Mrs.  Forster  is  a  member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Methodist  Church. 
Her  sons,  James  W.  and  John  W.  L.,  are  prominent  members  of  the  Methodist  Church,  the  former 
residing  near  Brampton  on  the  old  homestead,  and  the  latter  a  well-known  artist  in  the  City  of 


John  Wycliffe  Lewis  Forster,  one  of  the  foremost  artists  of  the  City  of  Toronto,  and  son  of 
the  late  Thomas  Forster,  was  born  at  the  village  of  Norval,  in  the  County  of  Halton,  where  he 
received  his  early  education  at  the  common  school,  and  afterwards  attended  the  Grammar  School  in 
the  town  of  Brampton.  At  an  early  age  he  showed  signs  of  his  genius  as  an  artist,  and  after  pur 
suing  his  studies  in  that  direction  for  several  years  in  his  native  province,  he  went  to  France  to  com 
plete  his  education,  remaining  there  four  years  under  tuition. 

Mr.  Forster  has  been  closely  connected  with  the  Methodist  Church  and  its  work  all  his  life. 
Was  President  of  the  Young  People's  Association  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  for  two  years.  Was 
identified  with  the  evangelistic  work  while  in  France  both  amongst  the  French  and  the  English 
citizens,  and  acted  as  Lay  Preacher.  \Yas  also  identified  with  the  Y.M.C.A.  work  in  France,  being 
a  member  of  the  Committee  of  Direction.  Mr.  Forster  is  also  connected  with  Y.M.C.A.  work  in  the 
City  of  Toronto  ;  is  a  Local  Preacher  of  much  prominence,  and  is  at  present  a  member  of  Carlton 
Street  Church,  a  Class  Leader  and  Superintendent  of  the  Sabbath  School. 

He  has  been  prominently  identified  with  the  Epworth  League,  the  Boys'  Brigade,  in  fact,  nearly 
every  organization  in  the  city  intended  to  promote  the  interests  of  religion  and  the  welfare  of  his 


George  Woltz  is  a  son  of  Jacob  Frederick  Woltz,  who  was  born  in  the  Province  of  Alsace, 
Germany,  and  came  to  Canada  in  the  year  1842.  He  settled  in  the  County  of  Haldimand,  where  he 
died  in  the  year  1852. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  in  the  old  homestead  in  the  County  of  Haldimand,  in  1846, 
and  remained  in  that  vicinity  until  the  year  1879,  when  he  came  to  the  city  and  engaged  in  the 
jewellery  business  for  two  years.  He  then  formed  a  partnership  with  Mr.  McMann  and  carried  on 
an  extensive  trade  in  the  manufacturing  of  picture  frames,  under  the  firm  name  of  Woltz  &  McMann. 
He  is  at  present  carrying  on  the  same  business  alone. 

Mr.  Woltz  was  early  left  without  the  care  or  guiding  hand  of  a  father,  being  only  six  years  old 
when  that  parent  died,  but  with  his  brothers  and  sisters— twelve  in  all — he  struggled  bravely  on,  and 
at  length  succeeded  in  clearing  up  the  old  farm  and  paying  off  a  large  indebtedness. 

Mr.  Woltz,  together  with  his  brother  J.  H.,  for  eighteen  years  carried  on  an  extensive  business 
in  lumber  and  machines  at  Springvale,  County  of  Haldimand. 

Mr.  Woltz  was  converted  at  the  age  of  twenty-one  in  the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  at  Spring- 
vale,  under  the  Rev.  Mr.  Bristol,  and  became  a  member  of  the  Church.  Shortly  afterwards  he  was 
appointed  Sabbath  School  Superintendent  and  Class  Leader.  He  is  at  present  a  member  of  the 
Carlton  Street  Church,  a  member  of  the  choir,  and  on  the  Official  Board. 

Mr.  Woltz  was  married  in  1867  to  Miss  Evans,  daughter  of  Joseph  Evans,  Esq.,  of  Haldimand 
County.  She  is  also  a  member  of  Carlton  Street  Church. 


William  J.  Duckworth,  Inspector  of  the  Great  Northern  Telegraph  Co.,  is  a  son  of  James 
W.  Duckworth,  England.  His  mother  was  born  in  the  town  of  Belleville,  Ont. 


Mr.  Duckworth  has  been  connected  with  the  telegraphic  business  since  he  was  fourteen  years  of 
age,  and  by  persistent  application,  together  with  his  splendid  business  ability,  has  risen  step  by  step 
until  at  present  he  occupies  the  high  position  of  Inspector.  He  has  been  connected  with  the  Carlton 
Street  Church  since  the  year  1888.  He  was  married  in  the  year  1887  to  Miss  Eliza  Furness,  of  the 
town  of  St.  Marys,  Ont.,  who  is  also  a  member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church. 


George  Boxall  was  born  in  Onslow,  England,  in  the  year  1836,  and  came  to  Canada  in  1838, 
the  second  year  of  the  Rebellion.  His  father  was  a  member  of  the  7th  Hussars,  a  regiment  sent  from 
England  to  assist  in  subduing  the  Rebellion. 

Mr.  Boxall  received  his  primary  education  in  Montreal,  and  at  the  age  of  15  went  to  Quebec,  where 
he  served  his  apprenticeship  as  a  tinsmith.  After  remaining  at  Quebec  a  short  time,  he  came  to 
Toronto  and  began  business  in  1872.  By  strict  attention  to  business  he  succeeded  in  amassing  a  com 
fortable  fortune. 

As  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Militia  Mr.  Boxall  distinguished  himself  at  Ridgeway  in  1866. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Tenth  Royals,  and  cheerfully  responded  to  his  country's  call  when  it  was 
threatened  by  the  Fenian  invaders.  He  assisted  in  bringing  the  Fenian  prisoners  to  Toronto,  together 
with  their  arms  and  a  large  quantity  of  ammunition. 

Mr.  Boxall  is  a  member  of  the  Carlton  St.  Church,  and  is  also  a  member  of  its  Quarterly  Board, 
besides  occupying  a  position  of  Trustee  in  Elm  St.  Church. 


D.  Hanna  was  born  in  the  North  of  Ireland  about  1845,  and  emigrated,  together  with  his 
parents,  one  sister  and  two  brothers,  to  Canada  in  1872.  His  two  brothers,  John  and  William,  and 
his  parents,  have  since  gone  to  that  "  bourne  from  whence  no  traveller  returneth."  S.  R.  Hanna, 
another  brother,  is  in  business  in  this  city. 

Mr.  Hanna  was  an  active  worker  for  his  Master  in  the  land  of  the  Shamrock,  having  been  a 
Class  Leader  there  for  several  years,  and  became  a  member  of  the  Metropolitan  Church  on  his  arrival 
in  this  city.  He  has  been  a  Class  Leader  here  for  sixteen  years,  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board  and 
Sabbath  School  teacher.  His  great-grandfather  was  converted  under  the  preaching  of  John  Wesley. 

He  was  married  twenty  years  ago  in  this  city  to  Miss  Wright,  who  came  from  Balla  Bay,  Ire 
land,  and  their  children,  three  boys  and  two  girls,  are  all  active  members  in  Carlton  Street  Church. 

Though  strongly  attached  to  his  chosen  church,  he  is  a  man  of  liberal  views,  and  cheerfully  aids 
every  enterprise  designed  to  advance  the  cause  of  religion.  Through  his  integrity  and  business  abil 
ity  he  has  been  able  to  build  up  a  large  shoe  trade  in  this  city. 


Benjamin  B.  Spicer  was  son  of  George  Spicer,  Northampton,  England,  and  was  born  in  Wel- 
lingboro,  Northampton,  England,  within  six  miles  of  the  famous  battlefield  of  Naseby,  and  came  to 
this  country  with  his  mother  in  the  year  1868,  his  father  having  died  in  England.  Mr.  George  Spicer 
was  bandmaster  H.M.  48th  Regiment  of  Foot,  and  his  grandfather  was  Color-Sergeant  in  the  same 

Mr.  B.  B.  Spicer  is  a  direct  descendant  of  Henry  Russell,  the  great  composer  and  singer.  He  and 
his  mother  first  settled  in  the  town  of  Walkerton,  County  of  Bruce,  where  his  mother  was  married,  in 
1874,  to  Mr.  Richard  Geary,  furniture  dealer.  Mr.  Geary  died  in  1878,  and  his  widow  married  Mr. 
George  Bridges,  of  Walkerton,  who  died  there  in  1889. 

In  the  fall  of  1874  Mr.  Spicer  removed  from  Walkerton  to  Leeds  County,  and  united  with  the 
Methodist  Church  on  the  Lynn  Circuit,  where  he  remained  until  1885.  He  came  to  Toronto  in  that 
year,  and  became  a  member  of  the  Elm  Street  Church,  retaining  his  connection  there  until  1895. 
He  qualified  for  a  local  preacher  in  1888,  and  was  appointed  a  Class  Leader  in  Elm  Street  Church  in 
1890.  He  was  a  Class  Leader  in  Carlton  Street  Church  from  December,  1895,  to  June,  1897. 


For  seven  years  Mr.  Spicer  conducted  open  air  meetings  in  connection  with  the  Elm  Street 
Church,  and  was  also  a  Bible  Class  teacher  during  the  same  period.  For  eight  years  he  was  gospel 
singer  in  the  Methodist  Churches  in  Toronto,  and  received  the  name  of  the  "'singing  evangelist." 

For  six  years  Mr.  Spicer  was  teacher  and  organist  in  the  Central  Prison,  in  connection  with  the 
Prisoners'  Aid  Association,  and  for  several  years  has  conducted  services  in  the  Merce  r  Reformatory. 

Mr.  Spicer  was  married  July  3rd,  1889,  to  Miss  Annie  Hewston,  formerly  of  the  North  of  Ireland. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Spicer  are  members  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church. 

Mr.  Spicer  was  leading  chorus  tenor  in  the  Elm  Street  Church  for  three  years.  He  has  been 
employed  in  the  Civil  Service  for  the  last  eleven  years,  and  is  a  most  efficient  and  obliging  officer. 


William,  son  of  John  Liddicoates,  of  the  County  of  Cornwall,  England,  was  born  in  Cornwall, 
the  birthplace  of  his  father.  In  the  year  1888  he  turned  his  face  towards  the  Western  Continent. 
Between  the  years  1888  and  1893  he  toiled  on  the  Pacific  Coast,  and  in  the  latter  year  came  to  the 
City  of  Toronto. 

On  his  arrival  in  Toronto,  Mr.  Liddicoates  joined  the  Dunn  Avenue  Methodist  Church,  where  he 
retained  his  connection  for  a  year.  He  is  now  a  member  of  Carlton  Street  Church,  and  also  a  mem 
ber  of  Mr.  East's  Bible  Class,  at  which  he  is  a  regular  attendant. 

Mr.  Liddicoates  is  doing  a  noble  work  for  his  Master  in  a  quiet,  unostentatious  way. 


Mrs.  Mary  Dill,  daughter  of  Jacob  Rose,  was  born  in  France  (in  which  country  her  parents 
were  also  born)  and  came  to  this  country  many  years  ago.  She  resided  in  the  village  of  Preston,  in 
the  County  of  Waterloo,  Ontario,  where  she  was  married  to  Mr.  Dill. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dill  went  from  Preston  to  the  State  of  Illinois,  but,  after  a  short  residence  there, 
returned  to  Preston,  where  they  remained  for  thirteen  years.  They  then  removed  to  Toronto,  where 
Mr.  Dill  engaged  in  the  tobacco  business,  which  he  successfully  carried  on  until  his  death. 

Mrs.  Dill  was  converted  at  Preston  under  the  preaching  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Fleshman,  and  is  at 
present  a  devoted  member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church  (1897.) 


William  Maclean,  manager  of  the  Union  Loan  and  Savings  Company,  Toronto,  Ont. ,  was  born  in 
Aberdeen,  Scotland,  in  1824,  and  came  to  this  country  in  1856.  He  received  his  education  at  the 
public  and  high  schools  in  his  native  Innd.  Between  1839  and  1844  he  received  his  early  business  and 
professional  training  in  a  solicitor's  office  in  Keith,  an  advocate's  office  in  Aberdeen,  and  in  Sir  Archi 
bald  Alison's  office,  Glasgow.  Prior  to  coming  to  Canada  he  filled  several  important  positions  in 
the  head  offices  of  the  Aberdeen  Railway  during  its  construction.  His  three  last  years  in  Scotland 
were  spent  as  general  auditor  and  chief  traffic  accountant  of  the  Great  North  of  Scotland  Railway 
Company.  Mr.  Maclean  was  sent  out  to  this  country  by  the  London  board  of  directors  of  the  Buf 
falo  and  Lake  Huron  Railway,  to  fill  the  position  of  secretary  and  treasurer  of  that  company,  with 
headquarters  at  Brantford,  Ontario.  He  filled  this  position  until  1867  and  greatly  facilitated  the 
amalgamation  with  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  Co.,  which  took  place  in  that  year.  He  was  also  a 
director  of  the  B.  &  L.H.  Ry.  Co.,  and  was  mainly  instrumental,  with  the  late  Hon.  David  Christie, 
Mr.  Allan  Cleghorn  and  the  Hon.  E.  B.  Wood,  late  Chief  Justice  of  Manitoba,  in  securing  for  the 
B.  &  L.H.,  control  of  the  International  Bridge  Charter,  of  which  company  he  was  a  provisional 
director,  and  for  some  time  prior,  secretary  and  treasurer.  Immediately  after  the  amalgamation, 
Mr.  Maclean  removed  to  Toronto  and  accepted  the  management  of  the  Union  Loan  and  Savings 
Company,  then  in  its  infancy,  which  he  has  now  sucessfully  conducted  for  over  a  quarter  of  a 
century.  He  is  among  the  best  known  authorities  on  matters  of  finance  in  the  Dominion  of  Canada. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Maclean  are,  in  religion,  Methodists,  having  connected  themselves  with  that  body, 
under  the  late  J.  B.  Howard,  in  Brantford,  in  1857.  They  have  been  connected  with  Elm  Street 
and  latterly  Carlton  Street  since  they  located  in  Toronto  (1897.) 



Mrs.  Mary  Ann  Mulholland,  wife  of  Thos.  Mulholland  and  daughter  of  the  late  Benjamin  Conn- 
land  (who  departed  this  life  on  the  22nd  February,  1860),  was  born  in  the  year  1826,  at  Moira,  near 
the  Blackwater  River,  in  the  County  of  Munster,  Ireland,  and  came  to  this  country  with  her  parents 
in  1833,  at  the  age  of  seven. 

Mr.  Henry  Mulholland,  father  of  the  late  Thomas  Mulholland,  was  born  in  the  County  of  Mona- 
ghan,  Ireland,  and  was  drowned  on  the  "  Lady  Elgin  :'  in  1833  while  on  a  voyage  from  Ireland  to 
America.  The  vessel  came  in  contact  with  an  iceberg  in  mid-ocean,  and  all  on  board,  save  three, 

Mr.  Thomas  Mulholland  was  also  a  son  of  the  "  Emerald  Isle,"  and  after  coming  to  Canada  set 
tled  with  his  wife  on  a  farm  in  the  Township  of  York,  where  two  or  three  sons  are  working  the  old 
farm.  Mr.  Mulholland  is  dead,  but  Mrs.  Mulholland  and  two  of  her  daughters  reside  in  the  city, 
and  are  members  of  the  Carlton  Street  congregation. 

On  the  old  Mulholland  farm  is  erected  a  small  Methodist  meeting-house,  which  is  joined  to  the 
Eglinton  Circuit.  Here  the  family  formerly  worshipped. 


John  Armstrong,  jr.,  was  born  in  the  City  of  Toronto  in  the  year  1848,  and  has  lived  here 
ever  since.  His  parents  were  born  in  the  County  of  Monaghan,  Ireland,  and  emigrated  to  this  coun 
try  when  Toronto  was  in  its  infancy. 

Mr.  Armstrong  was  one  of  the  first  members  of  the  Alice  Street  Church,  and  is  at  present  a 
member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church.  Mrs.  Armstrong  and  family  are  adherents  of  the  same  church. 

For  a  short  time  Mr.  Armstrong  was  engaged  with  the  late  Mr.  Robert  Walker  in  the  "  Golden 
Lion,"  but  finding  that  occupation  uncongenial  to  his  constitution,  he  took  up  the  business  of  land 
scape  gardening,  which  he  has  followed  with  mucli  success  ever  since  (1897). 


William  East  is  the  son  of  H.  W.  East,  of  Toronto,  formerly  of  London,  England,  and  was 
born  in  this  city. 

Mr.  East  learned  the  business  of  umbrella  manufacturing  with  his  father,  on  Yonge  Street,  and 
succeeded  to  the  business  upon  the  death  of  his  father.  His  business  is  perhaps  the  largest  of  its 
kind  in  Canada. 

Mr.  East's  father  and  mother  were  honored  members  of  the  Alice  Street  Church,  and  widely 
known  for  their  earnest,  active  work,  the  father  being  a  teacher  in  the  Sabbath  School. 

Mr.  East  was  christened  in  the  Alice  Street  Church,  and  is  now  connected  with  the  Carlton 
Street  Church,  a  teacher  in  the  Sunday  School,  and  a  Class  Leader. 

Mr.  East,  together  with  Mr.  J.  C.  Davis,  was  instrumental  in  starting  the  present  Yonge  Street 
Mission,  an  institution  which  is  doing  a  grand  work  for  Christ,  The  obligations  in  connection  with 
the  running  of  this  institution  are  very  heavy,  and  it  is  being  carried  on  principally  by  voluntary 
contributions.  Mr.  East  is  the  present  Treasurer  of  this  institution,  and  too  much  credit  cannot  be 
accorded  these  gentlemen  for  their  efforts  in  so  worthy  a  cause. 

Mr.  East  married  Miss  Mary  C.  Dennis,  daughter  of  William  Dennis,  of  North  Toronto.  The 
Rev.  John  Dennis,  of  Newark,  N.J.,  is  a  brother  of  Mrs.  East's.  Mrs.  East  and  the  entire  family 
are  workers  and  members  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church. 


Mrs.  John  Goldsmith  was  born  in  the  City  of  Buffalo,  in  the  United  States,  but  removed  with 
her  parents  to  Brampton  in  1861,  when  four  years  of  age. 

Mrs.  Goldsmith  received  her  first  religious  instruction  in  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church  in 



Brampton,  and  after  coming  to  Toronto,  united  with  the  Alice  Street  Church,  but  is  at  present  a 
member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church. 

Mrs.  Goldsmith's  parents  were  consistent  members  of  Carlton  Street  Church.  They  have  been 
dead  for  some  years, 

Mrs.  Goldsmith  has  a  family  of  four,  of  these,  two  are  boys.  Charles  has  been  connected  with 
the  Christian  Guardian  for  fourteen  years,  and  William  is  foreman  of  the  Times  office  in  the  City  of 
New  York. 

G.  S.  YOULE. 

G.  S.  Youle,  a  prominent  local  preacher  and  Class  Leader,  was  born  in  England  in  the  year 
1839,  and  at  the  age  of  nineteen  was  converted  in  the  old  historic  village  of  Ep worth,  the  birthplace 
of  John  Wesley.  Immediately  after  conversion  he  began  work  amongst  the  Primitive  Methodists, 
with  which  sect  he  remained  connected  until  the  Union  in  1883. 

In  January,  1872,  Mr.  Youle  severed  his  connection  as  a  laborer  with  the  Methodist  Church  in 
the  old  land,  but  only  to  take  up  the  work  here  with  more  zeal.  On  coming  to  Toronto  he  at  once 
presented  his  church  certificate  to  the  Parliament  Street  Church  and  was  gladly  welcomed  as  a  mem 
ber  there,  and  immediately  began  work  for  the  Master  as  a  local  preacher  and  Bible  Class  teacher. 
At  the  end  of  fifteen  months,  however,  he  removed  to  Orillia,  where  he  purchased  a  large  planing 
mill  and  sash  and  door  factory,  and  carried  on  an  extensive  business  until  July,  1887,  when,  having 
sold  his  business,  he  returned  to  Toronto.  Here  he  at  once  attached  himself  to  the  Carlton  Street 
Church,  where  he  is  at  present  an  office-bearer.  Mr.  Youle  has  always  been  an  earnest  worker  for 
his  Master.  He  is  a  thorough  Prohibitionist. 


John  Barron's  parents  were,  with  the  late  Robert  Walker,  Mrs.  Thomas  Robinson  and  several 
others,  pioneer  members  of  the  above  church.  Mr.  Barren  was  born  in  the  County  of  Cumberland, 
England,  and  when  only  five  years  of  age  came  to  this  country  with  his  parents  in  the  year  1832. 
After  staying  a  short  time  in  Toronto,  they  went  to  Peterborough,  but  only  remained  there  a  year 
and  returned  to  Toronto. 

Mr.  Barren  was  one  of  the  first  pupils  of  the  Infant  Class  in  the  Bay  Street  Church.  In  1843  he, 
with  his  parents,  moved  to  the  country,  but  returned  again  in  the  year  1852,  and  in  the  year  1854 
engaged  in  the  shoe  business  and  continued  in  that  line  until  about  eight  years  ago,  when  he  retired 
and  has  since  lived  privately  (1897). 

Mr.  Barren  has  been  a  consistent  Christian  all  through  his  long  life,  and  has  held  many  responsi 
ble  positions  in  the  church.  He  was  trustee,  Sabbath  School  Superintendent  and  Teacher  and  Class 
Leader  in  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church  on  Parliament  Street,  and  Class  Leader  in  the  Carlton  Street 
Church.  Mrs.  Isaac  Hutchison  and  Mrs.  Windrum,  formerly  Mrs.  Watson,  are  his  sisters. 


Frederick  Rolling  was  born  in  the  city  of  Liverpool,  England,  and  came  to  Toronto  fifty-two 
years  ago,  at  the  age  of  seventeen  He  spent  sixteen  years  in  the  employment  of  Edward  Lawson, 
tea  merchant.  He  was  married  about  forty-five  years  ago  to  Alice  Cuttell,  daughter  of  the  late 
Thomas  Cuttell. 

For  twenty-five  years  he  has  filled  the  office  of  Librarian  in  the  Carlton  Street  Church,  and  dur 
ing  that  time  has  been  absent  but  one  Sabbath  each  year.  William  J.  Rolling,  his  only  son,  who 
resides  with  his  father,  has  been  connected  with  the  church  and  church  work  from  boyhood,  and  has 
held  the  position  of  envelope  steward  for  fifteen  years.  Mrs.  Rolling  departed  this  life  in  May,  1896, 
having  devoted  her  whole  life  to  her  Master's  work.  Her  memory  will  long  be  lovingly  cherished, 
not  only  by  her  husband  and  son,  but  by  a  large  circle  of  friends.  Though  she  had  not  the  means  of 
doing  great  things,  she  endeavored  by  many  acts  of  kindness  to  bless  and  help  all  she  could. 



James  Brimstin,  son  of  George  Brimstin,  was  born  in  Inniskilling,  County  of  Fermanagh, 
Ireland,  a  town  known  around  the  world  and  famous  wherever  a  British  soldier  has  fought  or  a  Brit 
ish  flag  has  floated  for  its  splendid  regiment  of  cavalry — the  Inniskilling  Dragoons. 

Mr.  Brimstin  came  to  America  in  the  year  1864  and  commenced  business  in  the  City  of  Toronto 
as  a  cutler,  which  business  he  has  since  carried  on  with  much  success,  having  the  reputation  of  being 
one  of  the  bes  t  cutlers  in  Canada. 

Mr.  Brimstin,  with  his  parents,  was  attached  to  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church  in  Ireland,  and 
when  he  arrived  in  Toronto  he  at  once  became  a  member  of  the  Alice  Street  Church.  He  is  at  pres 
ent  a  member  of  the  Carlton  Street  Church. 

Mrs.  J.  Brimstin  is  also  a  member  of  Carlton  Street  Church.  She  and  her  husband  have  been 
closely  associated  with  the  Methodist  Church  since  their  childhood.  Their  son,  James  R.,  and  their 
daughter  Minnie,  are  working  members  of  Carlton  Street  Church  also,  the  former  being  a  member  of 
the  choir,  and  the  latter  a  teacher  in  the  Sabbath  School. 


The  late  James  Murray  was  born  in  Glasgow,  Scotland,  and  came  to  this  country  in  1842.  He 
first  began  business  as  a  metal  worker,  but  in  1868  he  opened  a  tin  and  stove  store  on  Yonge  Street, 
in  the  City  of  Toronto.  This  he  afterwards  gave  to  his  sons  George  and  James,  who  are  at  present 
carrying  on  a  lamp  and  oil  business. 

After  handing  this  store  over  to  his  sons,  Mr.  Murray  started  a  hardware  store  farther  north  on 
the  same  street,  but  retired  and  was  succeeded  by  his  son  William.  His  great  business  ability,  to 
gether  with  the  confidence  inspired  by  his  integrity  and  his  unflinching  perseverance,  enabled  Mr. 
Murray  to  accumulate  a  considerable  fortune. 

In  1850  he  suffered  a  complete  loss  by  fire,  and  his  friends  undertook  to  aid  him,  without  his 
knowledge  or  consent.  On  learning  of  their  project,  his  independent  spirit  revolted  against  the  idea 
of  receiving  charity,  and  wrote  his  friends  a  letter  thanking  them  for  the  generous  feeling  and  deep 
sympathy  which  prompted  them  to  make  an  effort  in  his  behalf,  as  a  sufferer  by  fire,  but  courteously 
and  firmly  refused  to  accept  any  assistance  unless  it  were  given  to  him  as  a  loan. 

Mr.  Murray  had  long  been  a  member  of  Carlton  Street  Church,  and  was  one  of  its  most  liberal 
supporters  and  active  workers. 


N.  S.  Ferries  was  born  in  the  State  of  New  York,  and  when  a  child  of  four  years  of  age  transfer 
red  his  allegiance  to  the  Union  Jack.  He  resided  in  the  City  of  St.  Catharines  until  he  was  fourteen 
years  old,  and  the  love  of  adventure  being  strong  within  him,  he  visited  the  following  places  with  a 
view  of  bettering  his  circumstances,  namely  :  Buffalo,  Jamestown  and  Poughkeepsie,  in  the  State  of 
New  York.  While  at  the  latter  place  he  took  a  course  of  instruction  at  the  business  college  to 
better  enable  him  to  fight  the  battle  of  life.  He  then  went  to  seek  his  fortune  in  the  far  west,  and 
after  spending  a  short  time  in  Manitoba,  came  to  Toronto  and  married  Miss  Kennard. 

Upon  settling  in  Toronto,  Mr.  Ferries  allied  himself  with  the  Carlton  Street  Church.  During 
all  his  wanderings  he  never  forgot  the  lessons  learned  at  a  godly  mother's  knee,  and  ever  kept  the 
straight  and  narrow  path  before  him. 


Bidwell  Nicholas  Davis,  son  of  John  Davis,  of  Wales,  England,  was  born  on  Wolfe  Island,  opposite 
the  city  of  Kingston,  on  the  3rd  of  July,  1853.  His  father  came  to  Canada  early  in  its  history,  and 
purchased  a  large  farm  on  Wolfe  Island,  which  he  cultivated  successfully  for  many  years,  but  is  at 
present  residing  in  Kingston,  to  which  city  he  retired. 

Mrs.  John  Davis  is  a  daughter  of  the  late  Mr.  Matthew  M.  Howard,  ex-M.P.P.  of  Leeds  County, 
Ontario,  who  was  for  many  years  leading  man  in  that  county. 


The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  educated  at  the  Collegiate  Institute,  Kingston,  and  at  Albert 
University,  Belleville,  where  he  matriculated  with  high  honors  in  1873,  distinguishing  himself  in  his 
tory,  mathematics  and  classics,  and  in  the  same  year  he  obtained  a  second-class  certificate  at  the 
Normal  School,  Toronto.  He  at  once  entered  upon  the  teaching  profession,  in  which  he  rose  so 
rapidly  that  in  a  short  time  he  obtained  a  special  certificate  qualifying  him  as  a  Public  School  Inspec 
tor.  In  1881  he  graduated  from  Queen's  University,  Kingston,  with  first-class  honors  in  mathematics 
and  chemistry.  In  September  of  the  same  year  he  was  engaged  as  mathematical  master  in  the  High 
School  at  Chatham,  and  after  two  years  he  resigned  to  accept  the  head-mastership  of  Trenton  High 
School,  a  position  he  filled  until  he  commenced  the  study  of  law  in  November,  1886. 

In  November,  1889,  Mr.  Davis  was  called  to  the  Bar,  standing  first  in  his  examinations.  He 
was  for  a  short  time  the  junior  member  in  the  firm  of  Mowat,  Downey  &  Langton.  Subsequently  he 
entered  into  partnership  with  Mr.  George  Ritchicj  and  has  continued  to  practise  as  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Ritchie  &  Davis. 

In  private  life  Mr.  Davis  is  highly  esteemed  for  his  amiable  social  qualities.  In  1890  he  married 
Miss  Frances,  daughter  of  Mr.  William  Henry  Aiistin,  merchant,  of  Trenton. 

Mr.  Davis  joined  the  Masonic  Order  in  1885  in  the  town  of  Trenton,  and  on  his  arrival  in  Toronto 
he  became  affiliated  with  Doric  Lodge,  No.  316,  of  which  he  has  been  Master.  He  is  also  a  member 
of  the  I.O.O.F.  and  several  other  benevolent  organizations. 

During  all  his  life  Mr.  Davis  has  taken  an  interest  in  church  work,  and  is  at  present  an  official 
member  of  Carlton  Street  Church,  an  active  Sabbath  School  worker  and  President  of  the  Toronto 
Methodist  Young  People's  Union. 



Evanston  Ives  Hart  was  born  at  Foo  Chow,  China,  on  June  21st,  1866,  his  father  being  the  Rev. 
Virgil  C.  Hart,  D.D.  Mr.  Hart's  father  was  the  founder  and  superintendent  of  the  Central  China 
Mission  of  M.  E.  Church  N.,  U.S.A.,  for '25  years,  as  well  as  that  of  the  Western  China  of  the  Canadian 
Methodist  Church  for  six  years.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  received  his  edm -ation  at  Ingersoll 
Public  School,  79-81  ;  Toronto  Collegiate  Institute  (Jarvis  Street),  1882  to  1886,  and  Toronto 
University,  1886  to  1890. 

Mr.  Hart  was  converted  under  the  pastorate  of  Rev.  I).  E.  Brownell,  during  a  revival  at  Ingersoll 
in  1881,  joined  the  Church  and  became  a  Sunday  School  Teacher.  Coming  to  Parkdiile,  Mr.  Hart 
connected  himself  with  that  congregation  in  1882,  and  was  again  engaged  in  teaching  in  the  Sabbath 
School  and  was  also  appointed  a  Representative  to  the  Quarterly  Official  Board,  as  well  as  President 
of  the  Epworth  League,  and  from  the  Parkdale  Official  Board,  received  a  recommendation  to  the 
itinerant  ministry.  Mr.  Hart  went  out  under  Ihe  chairmanship  of  Rev.  M.  L.  Pearson,  Orangeville 
District.  During  Mr.  Hart's  probationary  turn  he  occuperl  the  pulpit  at  Honey  wood  Mission,  Mono 
Road,  and  Streetsville.  Mr.  Hart  was  ordained  to  the  ministry  in  the  year  1893.  under  the 
Presidency  of  Rev.  Dr.  Parker  in  the  Central  Methodist  Church.  Since  ordination  Mr.  Hart  has 
been  stationed  at  Barrie,  and  was  appointed  pastor  of  the  Centennial  Church,  Toronto,  on  April  10th, 
1895.  Mr.  Hart  is  married  to  Miss  Laura,  daughter  of  Mr.  Henry  Harper,  of  Barrie,  Out, 



John  Shuttleworth  was  born  in  Sheffield,  Yorkshire,  England,  in  1816,  and  there  received  his 
early  education.  Under  the  preaching  of  the  Rev.  John  McLean,  of  the  Methodist  Church,  lie 
accepted  the  Spirit  of  the  Good  Shepherd,  and  a  year  afterwards,  when  eighteen  years  of  age,  became 
a  Local  Preacher.  For  thirteen  years  he  preached  the  gospel  in  various  parts  of  Yorkshire,  and  was 
subsequently  sent  to  the  West  of  England.  Those  were  famous  days  for  Methodism  in  the  old  land. 


Then  lived  William  Davvson,  whose  labors  were  rewarded  by  great  results  John  McLean  and  Robert 
Newton  ;  the  Rev.  Robert  Aitkin,  once  a  member  of  the  Established  Church,  but  forced  to  leave  it 
by  the  zealousness  of  his  piety  and  thirst  for  souls,  and  who  joined  the  Methodists  and  conducted  the 
greatest  spiritual  awakening  Sheffield  had  ever  known,  no  less  than  a  thousand  souls  being  brought 
to  the  foot  of  the  Cross.  Then  it  was,  too,  that  Gideon  Ouseley  thrilled  all  Irish  hearts  with  the 
spell  of  his  words  and  the  melody  of  his  voice,  which  the  Holy  Spirit  wonderfully  used. 

In  1848,  just  after  the  Irish  famine,  Mr.  Shuttleworth  was  sent  to  the  sister  island,  where  he 
succeeded  the  Rev.  William  McClure  in  charge  of  the  Bangor  Circuit,  the  latter  gentleman  being 
removed  to  Canada.  He  subsequently  took  various  stations  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  including  Lurgan, 
Lisburn  and  Priesthill.  When  at  the  latter  Circuit  he  conducted  revival  services  lasting  through  the 
entire  winter,  when  the  Spirit  of  God  descended  with  mighty  power.  The  Church  here  received  a 
very  large  accession  of  membership,  so  that  a  new  building  had  to  be  erected.  From  every  hill  and 
bye-way,  in  the  homes  and  in  the  fields,  on  every  side,  might  be  heard  the  voices  of  the  glad  inhabi 
tants  singing  the  songs  of  Zion.  Among  the  converts  at  this  place  was  he  who  afterwards  became 
the  Rev.  Thomas  Carlisle,  of  London,  England,  who  accomplished  a  great  work  in  that  city. 

Mr.  Shuttleworth  was  sent  to  Canada  in  1857,  again  succeeding  Mr.  McClure,  this  time  in  the 
Temperance  Street  Methodist  Church,  Toronto.  From  thence  he  went  to  London,  where  he  was 
pastor  of  Clarence  Street  Church,  subsequently  removing  to  Montreal,  and  afterwards  going  to 
Tilsonburg,  West  Brome,  Que.,  Schomberg  and  Aurora.  While  at  the  latter  station  Mrs.  Shuttleworth 
departed  this  life,  and  Mr.  Shuttleworth  suffered  much  from  ill  health,  and  at  the  end  of  two  years, 
was  superannuated.  When  his  health  permits  he  still  preaches  in  connection  with  the  Central 
Methodist  Church,  Toronto. 

When  twenty-three  years  of  age  Mr.  Shuttleworth  married  Edwedina  Ball,  daughter  of  a  veteran 
of  Waterloo,  then  barrick  master  at  Sheffield,  England.  Mr.  Shuttleworth  had  two  sons,  one  who 
died  in  childhood,  and  Edward  Buckingham,  who  survives,  and  is  well  known  in  connection  with 
medical  and  pharmaceutical  education  in  Canada,  more  especially  as  founder  and  Dean  of  the  Ontario 
College  of  Pharmacy,  and  Professor  of  Materia  Medica  in  Trinity  Medical  College. 

From  the  Christian  Guardian. 

"  With  the  death  of  the  Rev.  John  Shuttleworth  has  passed  away  one  of  the  oldest  and  most 
highly  esteemed  members  of  the  former  New  Connexion  Church  in  Canada.  He  died  on  March  18th, 
1S98,  at  the  residence  of  his  son,  Professor  Shuttleworth,  of  the  Ontario  College  of  Pharmacy,  Toronto, 
after  an  illness  of  four  months.  He  had  reached  the  good  old  age  of  eighty-two.  He  was  born  in  Shef 
field,  England,  in  1816,  and  early  entered  the  New  Connexion  ministry,  in  which  he  soon  rose  to 
prominence.  He  filled  several  appointments  in  Ireland,  beginning  at  Lisburn  and  ending  in  Dublin. 
In  1857  he  came  to  Canada  and  received  leading  appointments  of  the  New  Connexion  Church,  at 
Toronto,  London,  Montreal,  Brock,  Brome  and  Aurora.  Here  the  great  grief  of  his  life  befell  him,  in 
the  death  of  his  amiable  and  accomplished  wife.  For  a  good  many  years  Mr.  Shuttleworth  lived  in 
retirement  as  superannuated  minister  in  connection  with  Central  Church,  Toronto,  laboring  as 
strength  permitted.  He  was  a  man  greatly  beloved  for  his  saintly  Christian  character,  and  was  for 
eight  years  elected  chairman  of  his  district.  He  was  a  preacher  of  great  power  and  eloquence.  His 
sermons  were  marked  with  tear-compelling  pathos.  The  present  writer  had  intimate  relations  with 
Mr.  Shuttleworth  as  his  colleague  in  the  city  of  Montreal,  and  received  much  kind  consideration  at 
his  hands.  His  faithful  ministry  will  be  held  in  grateful  recollection  in  many  parts  of  this  land. 

"  The  funeral  services  were  held  at  Central  Methodist  Church,  Bloor  Street  at  3  o'clock  on  Mon 
day  afternoon,  when  a  large  concourse  of  his  brethren  paid  their  last  tribute  of  respect  to  the  memory 
of  a  good  man." 

This  obituary  of  the  Rev.  John  Shuttleworth  is  from  the  Christian  Guardian,  April,  1898. 

Alfred  Ruggles  Williams  was  born  in  1848,  in  Troy,  Pennsylvania,  of  English  parentage,  and  spent 



his  early  life  upon  the  farm.  Early  in  life  he  showed  unmistakable  evidences  of  industry  and  persever 
ance,  and  the  marked  success  of  his  life  is  to  be  attributed  in  great  measure  to  the  wise  training  he 
in  early  days  received  at  his  parents'  hands. 

Early  in  life  he  attended  the  Lima  Seminary  and  matriculated  thence  into  Genesee  College.  At 
his  father's  death  he  was  called  upon  to  take  his  place  and  performed  his  duties  well.  He  applied 
himself  to  school  teaching,  which  he  followed  for  some  four  years,  at  the  same  time  managing  his 
father's  malt  business,  finally  relinquishing  it  from  conscientious  scruples.  In  1862  he  came  to  Can 
ada  as  a  salesman  for  Paterson  &  Brother,  whose  large  agricultural  works  were  then  located  a  mile 
and  a  half  west  of  Richmond  Hill.  Here  in  a  short  while  he  became  bookkeeper,  and  the  gen 
eral  management  of  the  business  was  left  in  his  hands,  staying  in  their  employ  for  six  years. 
Then  he  went  to  Mitchell  and  formed  a  partnership  with  Robert  Thompson,  and  for  seven  years 
and  a  half  under  the  firm  name  of  Thompson  &  Williams  they  manufactured  agricultural  and 
mill  machinery.  The  business  expanded  every  year,  and  they  finally  removed  to  Stratford,  where  a 
limited  liability  company  was  formed,  and  their  business  became  one  of  the  leading  houses  in  the 

Owing  to  a  course  of  business  being  pursued  which  Mr.  Williams  did  not  approve  of,  he  with 
drew  from  the  company,  which  indeed  was  an  unfortunate  occurrence  for  them  as  they  soon  realized 
the  loss  of  his  tireless  industry  and  business  ability,  and  started  on  Melinda  Street,  Toronto,  in  1883, 
manufacturing  and  dealing  in  machinery  and  machinery  supplies.  The  business  grew  with  marvel 
lous  rapidity  and  in  a  year  he  was  compelled  to  seek  more  commodious  premises  and  removed  to  the 
Esplanade  near  the  Union  Station  where  the  works  were  known  as  the  Soho  Machine  Works.  There 
the  business  increased  steadily,  and  when  a  portion  of  the  property  there  was  expropriated  for  street 
and  railway  purposes,  the  present  company  was  formed  under  the  title  of  the  A.  R.  Williams  Mach 
inery  Co.,  Ltd.,  and  a  large  and  magnificent  warerooms  and  factory  was  erected  at  95  and  97  Front 
Street  West,  opposite  the  Queen's  Hotel. 

Some  time  before  Mr.  Williams  started  a  branch  factory  in  Montreal  at  345-7  St.  James  Street, 
and  placed  Fred  C.  Wilson,  a  son  of  Rev.  Samuel  Wilson,  the  well-known  preacher,  in  charge,  and 
under  his  careful  management  it  has  grown  rapidly. 

Upon  the  formation  of  the  new  company  the  Canada  Machinery  Supply  Co.,  of  Brantford,  was 
absorbed,  and  three  years  age  Mr.  Williams  assumed  the  management  of  the  London  Tool  Works  in 
which  he  had  for  many  years  been  interested.  These  two  concerns  are  now  western  branches  of  the 
main  business,  making  in  all  the  largest  house  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion,  having  a  weekly  pay  roll 
of  no  less  than  $1,200. 

Mr.  Williams  accepted  Christianity  when  14  years  of  age,  and  from  that  early  time  has  been  an 
ardent  and  consistent  temperance  advocate.  In  Troy  he  was  Secretary  of  the  Sunday  School  and 
was  licensed  an  exhorter  in  the  church,  but  did  not  accept  same.  In  Patterson  he  was  instrumental 
in  starting  a  Union  Sunday  School,  gathering  no  less  than  120  scholars  together  and  where  he  acted 
as  Superintendent.  Here  it  was  that  Peter  Paterson,  who  succeeded  him  as  Superintendent,  accept 
ed  Christ  himself. 

In  Mitchell  he  still  took  an  active  part  in  church  work.  He  became  Trustee,  a  member  of  the 
Official  Board,  Recording  Steward  and  representative  at  district  meetings  in  the  church  there,  as  well 
as  teaching  in  Sunday  School. 

In  Stratford  he  taught  the  Young  Men's  Bible  Class  in  the  Central  Methodist  Church  and  was 
Asst. -Superintendent  and  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School.  Among  the  members  composing  his 
Bible  Class  there  was  Rev.  Wm.  Byers,  now  a  missionary  in  India. 

Upon  coming  to  Toronto  in  1884  he  joined  the  Central  Methodist  Church.  Here  for  10  years  he 
has  been  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School;  he  is  a  member  of  the  Trustee  and  Official  Boards  and 
also  of  the  Musical  Committee. 

The  brief  outline  of  a  marvellously  successful  career,  covers  though  it  does  not  detail  the  char 
acter  of  the  man.  Unassuming  and  courteous,  faithful  to  engagements,  generous  and  kindly,  of  keen 


business  ability  and  untiring  industry,  his  success  cannot  be  wondered  at,  for  whatever  walk  in  life 
he  might  have  entered  his  many-sided  talents  would  have  forced  him  to  a  foremost  rank. 

In  1866  he  married  Mary  S.  Gould,  in  Wyoming,  N.Y.,  daughter  of  Isaac  H.  Gould,  a  leading 
Methodist  and  an  associate  Justice  of  Wyoming  Co.  Of  their  family  of  three  children  only  one 

daughter  is  living. 


Gilbert  Pearcy  was  born  in  the  County  of  Down,  Ireland,  87  years  ago,  of  Presbyterian  parent 
age,  and  although  time  has  impaired  his  memory  and  dulled  his  hearing,  it  has  not  stooped  his 
lissome  frame,  for  he  stands  to-day  five  feet  11  inches  tall,  straight  as  an  arrow,  with  a  white  beard 
and  clear  complexion,  the  unmistakable  signs  in  manhood's  declining  years  of  a  life  spent  not  un 
wisely.  His  is  a  long-lived  family  ;  his  mother  lived  till  90  years  of  age  and  his  sister  died  at  the 
good  old  age  of  89. 

He  came  to  Canada  in  1820,  and  farmed  in  York  County  for  a  while  Then  he  went  into  busi 
ness  on  Richmond  Street  in  painting  and  glazing,  and  continued  there  for  many  years,  finally  retiring 
some  10  years  ago. 

He  became  a  Methodist  in  1840  and  attended  old  Adelaide  Street  Church  under  the  pastorate  of 
Rev.  Egerton  Ryerson,  who  afterwards  became  the  founder  of  Ontario's  educational  system,  and 
met  in  class  led  by  a  Mr.  Donaldson,  who  was  a  builder  and  contractor.  He  taught  a  class  for  some 
years  in  the  Terauley  Street  Sunday  School,  which  was  then  situate  on  the  west  side  between  Agnes 
and  Albert  Streets. 

When  Adelaide  Street  Church  was  sold  he  worshipped  in  the  building  which  stood  on  McGill 
Square,  where  the  present  magnificent  edifice— the  Metropolitan  Church — stands.  Here  he  remained 
until  10  years  ago  when  he  joined  Central  Church,  and  has  remained  there  since  that  time. 

In  1839  he  wedded  Margaret  Sanderson.     Six  children  by  this  marriage  are  living,  one  the  head 

of  the  firm  of  Sanderson,  Pearcy  &  Co. 


John  Trick  was  born  in  Cornwall,  England,  in  1832.  His  parents  were  Methodists,  and  removed 
to  Canada  when  he  was  two  years  of  age  and  settled  in  the  Township  of  Hope,  in  the  County  of  Dur 
ham.  He  lived  upon  the  farm  until  he  was  16  years  of  age,  and  then  served  his  apprenticeship  to  the 
carriage  building  near  the  town  of  Port  Hope.  Afterwards  he  moved  to  London,  where  he  resided 
for  3  years.  Removing  to  Exeter,  he  opened  out  in  that  business  there  and  pursued  that  trade  for 
15  years,  and  then  opened  out  a  general  store,  when,  after  carrying  that  on  for  13  years  more,  he 
retired  from  business  and  came  to  Toronto. 

In  1855,  in  the  City  of  London,  under  the  preaching  of  Rev.  Jas.  Caughey,  in  Queen's  Avenue 
Church,  he  was  converted.  He  attended  that  church  for  a  year,  and  then  going  to  Exeter  he  allied 
himself  with  the  Wesleyan  Church  there,  where  he  became  trustee,  a  steward  for  many  years,  and 
Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School. 

In  the  first  Council  held  after  Exeter  was  incorporated  as  a  village,  he  was  elected  a  Councillor. 

In  1891  he  joined  the  Central  Church,  where  he  is  now  a  member  of  the  Quarterly  Board  and  a 
society  representative.  He  is  an  old  time  class-goer,  and  rarely  does  a  Sunday  fail  to  find  him  in  his 
place.  He  married  Susan,  the  daughter  of  the  late  Wm.  Treble  of  Thorn  Park,  Devon,  Eng.  Mr. 
Trick  is  a  thorough  Englishman,  and  looks  it.  He  has  travelled  not  a  little,  crossing  the  ocean  some 

five  times. 


George  Dent  was  born  in  1836  in  Kendall,  County  Westmoreland,  England.  His  parents  were 
members  of  the  Calvinistic  Methodist  Church  which  dated  its  growth  from  the  preaching  of  Ingham, 
a  contemporary  of  John  Wesley.  The  family  came  to  Canada  when  George  was  five  years  of  age  and 
settled  near  Brantford  upon  a  farm. 

When  fifteen  years  of  age  the  subject  oi  our  sketch  started  to  learn  the  dry  goods  b  siness, 
which  vocation  he  has  followed  throughout  his  life,  and  has  conducted  business  for  himself  since 



1867,  keeping  store  for  twelve  years  in  Seaforth  and  since  that  time  in  Toronto  and  now  lives  at 
1838  Yonge  Street  (1897.) 

He  was  converted  early  in  manhood  in  the  Seaforth  Church  under  the  preaching  of  Rev.  Ashael 
Hurlburt,  and  taught  a  Sunday  School  class  there  for  many  years.  Then  upon  removal  to  Toronto  he 
joined  Old  Richmond  Street  Church  and  remained  there  for  three  years,  where  he  allied  himself 
wuh  Elm  Street  and  where  he  Avorshipped  for  some  eight  or  nine  years.  Then  joining  Carlton 
Street  where  he  remained  for  eight  years  more,  finally  going  to  Central  Methodist  in  1895. 

In  1860  he  married  Emma  Brown  in  Toronto,  and  they  have  a  family  of  ten  children,  all  living. 


Samuel  Wickson  was  the  fifth  son  of  James  Wickson,  who  in  1834  came  to  Toronto  from  London, 
England,  and  settled  in  1836  with  his  family  of  six  sons  and  three  daughters  on  Bloor  Street. 

Samuel  received  his  education  in  Upper  Canada  College,  and  afterwards  for  seven  years  was  a 
salesman  in  the  book  room  of  Hugh  Scobie,  then  on  King  Street  east,  who  was  also  the  publisher  of 
the  Colonist  newspaper. 

He  then  studied  law  in  Roaf  &  Da  vis's  office  for  four  years,  and  in  1860  was  enrolled  as  solicitor 
and  lias  practised  the  legal  profession  since  that  time  ;  his  present  office  is  now  at  81  King  Street  east 

He  is  one  of  the  old  residents  of  the  northern  section  of  the  city,  and  before  Yorkville  amal 
gamated  with  Toronto  he  took  an  active  part  in  its  local  politics  and  government. 

There  he  was  a  councillor  for  many  years,  was  sometime  chairman  of  the  School  Board,  and 
Deputy  Reeve  and  Reeve  also  for  several  terms. 

About  1864  during  the  pastorate  of  Dr.  Potts,  Mr.  Wickson  became  identified  with  the  Central 
Church.  Since  that  time  he  lias  taught  in  the  Sunday  School  continuously  and  for  several  years 
was  Superintendent  of  the  School.  He  is  also  Secretary  of  the  Trust  Board  and  a  Class  Leader. 
His  parents  were  Congregationalists,  and  every  member  of  their  large  family  are  to-day  active  in 
Christian  work.  All  the  male  members  have  been  superintendents  of  Sunday  Schools  and 
deacons  of  churches.  His  brother,  Dr.  Wickson,  is  now  preaching  in  London,  England. 


Samuel  Alcorn  is  one  of  the  oldest  living  members  of  Methodism  in  Toronto.  He  has  spent  a  long 
life  under  its  teachings. 

He  was  born  in  1808  in  the  City  of  Dublin.  His  father  was  an  eloquent  preacher  and  was  a 
contemporary  of  Gideon  Ouseley.  Eighty-five  years  ago  Samuel  came  with  parents  to  Quebec  City, 
where  for  twenty  years  he  conducted  a  large  retail  and  wholesale  business  and  amassed  a  fortune. 
Then  he  came  to  Toronto  where  he  now  resides,  and  his  present  residence  on  Bismarck  Avenue  was 
Yorkville  Methodist  Church,  from  which  the  present  Central  Church  has  grown.  Since  coming  to 
Toronto,  although  not  actively  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits,  he  has  been  largely  interested  in  all 
our  city  banks.  Thus  his  spare  time  has  given  him  opportunity  for  Christian  work,  and  for  many 
years  he  has  preached  the  Gospel,  at  one  time  preaching  all  the  missionary  sermons  between  Toronto 
and  Ottawa,  besides  which  he  has  preached  in  Ireland,  where  he  has  visited  three  or  four  times.  He 
has  been  Chairman  of  the  House  of  Industry  for  fifteen  years,  and  he  is  closely  identified  with  the 
Girls'  Home,  Magdalen  Asylum  and  with  all  our  charitable  institutions,  being  a  liberal  supporter  of 
them  all.  He  has  been  active  in  Y.M.C.A.  work,  while  as  a  temperance  advocate  he  took  the  plat 
form  hundreds  of  times,  and  did  yeoman  service  for  the  cause  during  the  Dunkin  Act  and  Scott  Act 

Sixty-three  years  ago  he  was  joined  in  wedlock,  by  Archdeacon  Mountain,  to  Miss  Lucy  Norris, 
in  Quebec  City.  His  only  child  and  daughter  married  the  late  Senator  John  Macdonald,  to  whom 
she  bore  ten  children. 

Many  documents  of  early   interest  has  Mr.  Alcorn  in  his   home.       He  has   delighted  in  storing 


away  deeds  of  old  churches  now  no  more,  and  other  subjects  of  great  interest  to  the  antiquarian,  and 
those  interested  in  early  Methodism  have  many  reasons  to  be  grateful  to  him  for  the  many  documents 
and  writings  he  has  preserved. 

We  have  the  satisfaction  to  state  that  his  amiable  and  accomplished  wife  was  largely  instru 
mental  in  the  erection  of  the  Girls'  Home,  and  also  the  Magdalen  Asylum  and  the  Refuge  for  Aged 
Women.  She  was  a  very  charitable  and  lovable  woman,  and  the  many  on  whom  her  quiet  benevo 
lences  and  blessings  fell  in  these  institutions  returned  her  all  they  could-their  gratitude  and  love 
Her  memory  is  precious  to  the  women  of  this  great  city,  and  her  death  was  calm  and  peaceful  The 
grandchildren  of  the  Macdonald  family  cherish  her  memory,  frequently  visiting  her  grave  in  the 


Joseph  Tait  was  born  in  Kirkcudbrightshire,  Scotland,  of  Presbyterian  parentage,   in  the  year 

After  attending  the  Parish  School  he  served  his  time  as  a  baker.     In  1871  he  left  Scotland  for 

the  United  States,  but  after  spending  one  year  in  Pennsylvania,  he  removed  to  Toronto,  opened  out 

n  business  at  744-6  Yonge  Street,  and  continued  in  business  therefor  no  less  than  twenty-three  years, 

until  he  was  appointed  Registrar  of  the  Surrogate  Court. 

In  the  year  1858,  when  living  in  Scotland,  he  first  began  to  take  an  active  part  in  religious  and 
temperance  work,  and  he  became  identified  with  the  Evangelical  Union,  which  was  a  rebound  from 
ialvimsm  of  the  Presbyterian  Church.     Upon  coming  to  America  he  became  a  Methodist,  and  in 
•ornmn,  Penn.,  he  was  appointed  a  local  preacher  in  the   Methodist  Episcopal  Church.     Upon  his 
removal  here  he  attended  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church,  at  the  corner  of  Yonge  Street  and  Daven 
port  Road-now  unused  and  empty-under  the  pastorate  of  Dr.  James  Edgar,  and   used  to  preach 
here  frequently.     Previous  to  the  Union  he  joined  the  Canadian  Methodist  Church,  and  became  an 
ardent  advocate  for  the  amalgamation  of  the  various  Methodist  bodies. 

About  1876  he  joined  the  Central  Church,  and  for  the  past  fifteen  or  sixteen  years  he  has  been  a 
nember  of  the  Annual  and  General  Conferences.     Here  for  many  years  he  taught  a  Bible  Class  and 
d  a  great  deal,  being  at  one  time  upon  the  regular  plans,but  of  late  years  he  has  chiefly  cou 
nted  anniversary  services  and  special   meetings.     At  the  opening  of  the  Victor  Mission  he  was 
made  its  Vice-President. 

His  preaching  is  very  acceptable-and  for  many  years  the  pastor  of  the  Central  Church  has  never 
>een  compelled  to  pass  by  the  talent  in  his  own  church  when  in  need  of  a  supply  to  fill  his  pulpit  the 
congregation  invariably  requesting  that  Mr.  Tait  should  preach. 

In  1888  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  City  Council,  and  in  1889  he  was  elected  to  represent 
loronto  in  the  Local  Legislature. 

He  is  widely  known  and  popular  everywhere,  the  broad  wit,  the  Scotch  accent,  the  originality  of 
*  bent  of  intellect,  the  rugged  honesty  peculiar  to  the  Scotch  character,  the  genuine  kindliness  of 
heart,  the  widenesa  of  his  sympathies,  have  all  combined  to  gain  for  him  a  place  of  much  regard  in 
the  hearts  of  the  common  people  (1897). 



James  Anthony  was  born  at  Whitchurch,  County  York,  of  Irish  parents,  who  were  both  Meth- 

s  father,  John  Anthony,  was  a  trooper  in  the  York  Dragoons  during  the  rebellion  of  1837 

under  command  of  Captain  Denison.     James  received  his  education  at  the  Public  School,  Whitchurch' 

ifter  leaving  there  he  farmed  in  his  own  native  county  for  twenty  years.     In  the  year  1887  he 

came  to  Toronto,   securing  engagement  with  Mr.    John   Matson  of  Argyle  Street,  with  whom  he 

worked  for  a  time.     Mr.  Anthony's  home  was  filled  with  religious  influences,  and  the  surrounding 

rcumstances  were  such  as  to  exert  power  on  the  life  of  a  boy  reared  under  such  environments      But 


although  the  seed  was  sown  by  a  religious  mother,  yet  it  did  not  germinate  until  the  year  1891,  when 
under  the  influence  of  Rev.  Mr.  Kerr's  service  in  the  hall  over  the  Massey-Harris  Works,  Mr.  An 
thony  was  converted,  and  to-day  he  is  a  respected  member  of  Crawford  Street  Church. 

On  February  6th,  1878,  he  married  Miss  Martha  Matilda  Fleury,  of  King  Township.  Their 
family  consists  of  one  daughter,  Florence,  who  is  a  member  of  the  League  and  Sabbath  School.  Mr. 
Anthony  is  a  Prohibitionist. 


Isaac  Watts  was  born  at  the  pretty  little  seaport  town  of  Hayle,  in  Cornwall,  England,  in  the 
spring  of  1844,  as  the  foliage  and  blossom  of  spring  was  coming  forth  in  all  its  beauty  and  fragrance, 
so  the  advent  of  Isaac  brought  with  it  joy  in  the  home.  In  his  youth,  owing  to  very  unfortunate 
circumstances,  he  did  not  receive  any  education  whatever,  for  at  the  age  of  nine  years  he  served  as  a 
mason's  helper  for  threepence  a  day,  but  by  going  to  night  school  in  Canada  and  by  personal  applica 
tion  he  became  an  able  mathematician,  able  to  solve  problems  in  Euclid,  mensuration,  trigonometry, 
etc.,  besides  having  a  great  adaptability  for  composing  verse.  Leaving  home  at  twenty-two  years  of 
age  he  went  to  Australia,  where  for  seven  years  he  was  engaged  in  farming  and  copper  mining,  but 
desirous  of  trying  his  fortune  in  the  North  American  Continent,  and  especially  that  part  of  it,  Can 
ada,  he  left  Australia  and  came  to  England  to  visit  some  friends,  but  afterwards  followed  his  parents 
to  the  City  of  Toronto,  in  the  year  1872,  where  he  remained  for  but  a  short  time,  after  which  he  went 
to  Collingwood,  and  there  was  engaged  as  a  boiler-maker.  This  did  not  prove  a  profitable  undertak 
ing,  so  after  a  period  of  ten  years  he  came  to  Toronto,  where  he  has  since  found  employment. 

Mr.  Watts  has  been  twice  married,  and  a  very  interesting  family  is  growing  up  in  the  home.  He 
was  reared  in  a  Christian  home,  and  his  parents  endeavored  to  bring  up  their  family  in  the  nurture 
and  admonition  of  the  Lord.  Isaac  early  became  a  Christian,  and  immediately  began  to  work  for  the 
Master,  engaging  in  all  kinds  of  Christian  work.  He  was  a  local  preacher,  Bible  Class  teacher,  Sup 
erintendent  of  Sabbath  School  in  Australia,  and  on  coming  to  Canada  he  became  a  valued  member, 
first  of  Agnes  Street  Methodist  Church,  and  after  his  return  from  Collingwood  joined  the  Euclid 
Avenue  Church,  enjoying  fellowship  with  that  society  for  six  years,  and  at  the  inception  of  the  Craw 
ford  Street  Church,  identified  himself  with  its  interests,  and  to-day  he  is  a  highly  respected  member, 
with  his  wife,  of  that  society. 


James  C.  Broddy  was  born  at  Erin,  Ontario,  in  the  year  1862.  His  grandfather  and  grandmother 
were  pioneer  Canadians  and  Methodists,  and  lived  in  the  Township  of  Toronto.  He  received  his  ele 
mentary  education  in  the  Village  of  Erin,  but  pursued  his  later  studies  at  the  High  School  in  Elora. 

Shortly  after  leaving  the  Elora  School,  Mr.  Broddy  entered  mercantile  life.  In  1883  he  moved 
to  Winnipeg,  where  he  opened  a  boot  and  shoe  store,  and  the  business  prospered  under  his  skilful 
management.  Selling  out  to  good  advantage,  he  returned  to  Erin  to  live  with  his  father,  who  had 
been  bereft  of  his  faithful  partner  in  life.  Mrs.  Broddy  was  a  Christian  woman  who  demonstrated 
by  her  life  that  she  possessed  the  love  of  God  in  her  heart,  and  her  son  realized  what  it  meant  to  live 
without  her— no  mother's  love,  no  mother's  advice,  no  mother's  prayers  ;  but  he  knows  that  the 
prayers  offered  by  her  on  his  behalf  were  answered  in  his  being  brought  into  the  fellowship  of  God. 

After  living  with  his  father  for  some  time,  Mr.  Broddy  took  as  a  partner  for  life,  Miss  M.  J. 
Brown.  They  were  married  in  1888  and  went  to  Hanover  to  reside.  There  Mr.  Broddy  opened  out 
a  general  store  and  conducted  a  profitable  business,  but  having  a  good  opportunity  to  dispose  of  it, 
he  took  advantage  of  it  and  left  Hanover  for  Toronto  in  1893.  He  entered  into  the  employ  of  the  T. 
Eaton  Company,  as  manager  of  their  boot  and  shoe  department,  which  position  he  held  until  ill-health 
forced  him  to  resign.  At  present  he  is  representing,  in  Western  Ontario,  the  large  wholesale  firm  of 
Fogarty  &  Bro.,  Montreal. 

Mr.  Bro  !dy  was  instructed  in  religious  matters  in  his  childhood,  and  he  early  learned  to  love  his 
Saviour.  During  revival  services  conducted  by  Miss  Williams  he  identified  himself  with  the  society 
at  Hanover.  When  in  Winnipeg  he  attended  the  Grace  Street.  Methodist  Church,  but  on  coming  to 


Toronto  he  became  a  member  of  Wesley  Church.  Believing  that  there  was  greater  opportunity  of 
doing  good  in  a  smaller  church,  he  connected  himself  with  Crawford  Street  Methodist  Church,  where 
his  willingness  and  ability  to  work  are  appreciated.  His  name  is  found  on  the  Trustee  Official  Board) 
Sabbath  School  and  Class  Leaders'  lists,  and  his  chief  characteristic  is  being  "  ever  ready." 


William  Henry  Norris  was  born  in  the  City  of  Toronto  on  the  14th  of  February,  187'2.  About 
six  months  after  his  birth  his  father  died.  His  mother  was  left  to  battle  with  life  with  six  children 
dependent  upon  her. 

The  education  of  William  Henry  was,  naturally,  very  limited.  In  order  to  assist  his  mother  in 
the  bringing  up  of  the  other  five  children,  he  left  home  at  ten  years  of  age  and  engaged  with  a  farmer. 
He  remained  there  for  a  short  time,  then,  having  a  desire  to  learn  the  butchering  business,  left 
and  engaged  with  a  butcher,  with  whom  he  remained  for  over  two  years.  Tiring  of  this  business,  he 
thought  galvanizing  would  be  a  profitable  trade  to  have,  so  he  went  to  learn  it  from  T.  Macdonald  & 
Co.,  of  Sherbourne  Street,  where  he  worked  for  three  years,  after  which  he  entered  the  employ  of 
the  C,  F.  Adams  Company  as  salesman,  a  position  he  held  for  two  years.  He  subsequently  entered 
the  tailoring  establishment  of  Hobberlin  Bros.,  where  he  is  now  working. 

Thinking  it  undesirable  to  live  alone,  in  1889  Mr.  Norris  took  unto  himself  a  wife  in  the  person 
of  Miss  Emily  Tyson  Fitzroy,  to  whom  might  be  applied  the  scripture,  "  A  prudent  wife  is  from  the 
Lord  ;"  for  through  her  kind  influence  and  prudent  ways,  he  was  led  to  live  for  his  wife  and  three 

Mr.  Norris'  parents  were  Episcopalians  in  faith  and  worship,  but  his  heart  always  yearned  for 
the  Methodists,  and  to-day  he  points  with  pride  and  joy  to  Crawford  Street  Methodist  Church  as 
being  his  spiritual  birthplace,  for  during  the  revival  services  held  by  Evangelist  Dunnett,  he  was  im 
pressed  with  his  sinful  state,  and  he  and  his  wife  determined  with  one  of  old  that,  "As  for  me  and 
my  house  we  will  serve  the  Lord,"  and  to-day  they  are  both  enjoying  the  first  fruits  of  religion. 

Mr.  Norris  is  an  honored  member  of  the  Victoria  Debating  Society,  and  is  fast  becoming  a  spir 
ited  debater  and  an  able  speaker.  As  the  Vice-President  of  the  Missionary  Committee  of  the  Epw7orth 
League  he  is  doing  faithful  work,  and  everything  augurs  well  for  a  bright  future  for  him. 


David  D.  Serviss  was  born  in  Prince  Edward  County  in  the  year  1848.  When  four  years  of  age 
his  parents  removed  to  Belleville,  where  he  received  a  good  English  education  in  the  public  school  of 
that  town.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he  entered  into  employment  which  was  very  remunerative,  and  in 
which  he  prospered. 

Having  true  Canadian  blood  coursing  in  his  veins,  and  being  of  a  loyal  spirit  and  willing  to  be  a 
defender  of  his  home  and  country,  he  prepared  himself  for  active  service  by  joining  the  15th  Battalion 
of  Belleville.  Shortly  after  becoming  a  Volunteer  his  corps  was  called  (in  June,  1866)  to  Prescott,  to 
march  against  the  Fenians,  who  at  that  time  were  threatening  an  invasion  of  our  fair  country,  but 
who  were  defeated  and  repulsed  before  arriving  so  far  eastward.  At  present  Mr.  Serviss  is  a  member 
of  the  Veterans'  Association. 

In  the  year  1870  Mr.  Serviss  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Jane  Cook,  a  daughter  of  a  well-to-do 
and  very  highly  respected  agriculturist  of  Hastings,  whom  he  afterwards  married. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Serviss  had  four  children,  who  were  a  source  of  much  joy.  In  1880,  however,  the 
loving  mother  and  faithful  wife  passed  away,  and  since  her  death  the  father  has  had  to  suffer  the  loss 
of  two  of  his  beloved  little  ones. 

After  the  death  of  his  wife  Mr.  Serviss  lived  some  time  alone,  but  finding  it  inconvenient  to  work 
and  look  after  his  children,  in  1881  he  married  Miss  Rebecca  Wright,  of  Belleville,  a  young  woman 
who  was  in  every  way  suited  to  govern  his  home  and  look  after  his  interests.  After  living  six  years 
at  Belleville,  they  removed  to  Toronto,  where  Mr.  Serviss  opened  up  a  merchant  tailoring  store,  in 
which  he  still  prospers.  There  are  two  children  in  the  second  family. 



Mr.  Serviss'  parents  were  both  devoted  Christians,  and  the  good  influences  thrown  around  him 
led  young  David  to  seek  after  his  God,  and  at  the  age  of  seventeen  he  was  converted. 

Mr.  Serviss  was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church  at  Belleville,  and  on  his  removal  to  Toronto 

he  joined  the  Clinton  Street  church,  which  was  then  beginning  to  prosper.     Removing  to  Dovercourt 

:tly  after,  he  became  connected  with  the  Centennial  Church,  where  he  labored  very  efficiently  for 

three  years,  then  moving  further  south,  he  joined  Crawford  Street  Church,  where  the  family  now 

worship,  and  where  he  is  held  in  great  respect. 


John  Moore  was  born  in  Limerick,  Ireland,  on  the  20th  September,  1844.  He  emigrated  to 
Canada  m  1855,  where  he  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Jane  Sayers,  who  afterwards  became  his  wife 
and  the  mother  of  five  children,  who  survive  her. 

Mr.  Moore  became  interested  in  religious  affairs  in  1886,  when  he  became  a  member  of  the  Euclid 
Avenue  Methodist  Church,  which  honored  him  with  a  seat  on  the  Quarterly  Official  Board  for  three 
fears,  after  which  he  removed  westward  and  had  his  membership  transferred  to  Crawford  Street 
Methodist  Church,  where  he  is  now  filling  the  positions  of  Class  Leader  and  member  of  the  Official 
Board.  He  is  to  be  found  constantly  engaged  at  his  place  of  business,  882  Queen  St.  West, 


Robert  J.  Johnston  was  born  in  the  city  of  Toronto  in  the  year  1855.  His  parents  were  both 
natives  of  the  "  Emerald  Isle,"  and  came  to  Canada  in  the  early  days  of  Toronto. 

Mr.  Johnston  received  his  education  in  the  Parochial  and  Public  Schools  of  the  city.  At  the  age 
of  fifteen  he  resolved  to  learn  the  trade  of  painting,  which  he  still  follows. 

Mr.  Johnston's  parents  were  true  Christian  people,  and  early  instilled  into  his  mind  those  prin 
ciples  which  were  the  means,  under  God,  of  awakening  within  him  desires  for  a  better  life.  Through 
the  Salvation  Army  he  was  led  into  the  Christian  life. 

Eive  years  after  his  first  marriage  Mr.  Johnston  was  bereft  of  his  wife,  one  child  being  left  with 
him  to  mourn  her  loss.  In  the  year  1885  he  married  for  the  second  time  Miss  Jones. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Johnston  are  both  members  of  Crawford  Street  Church,  Mr.  Johnston  occupying 
a  position  of  trust  and  responsibility,  and  Mrs.  Johnston  being  Treasurer  of  the  Women's  Foreign 
Missionary  Auxiliary. 


Allen  Ireland,  the  oldest  recorded  member  of  Crawford  St.  Methodist  Church,  was  born  in 
Glasgow,  Scotland,  in  the  year  1868.  At  the  early  age  of  eleven  years  he  was  an  orphan,  for  in  the 
year  1874  his  mother  died,  and  five  years  later  his  father  also. 

Mr.  Ireland  realized  his  position,  and  at  once  sought  work  and  found  it  in  gardening,  which  he 
followed  up  to  the  time  of  his  removal  to  Canada  in  1883.  After  his  arrival  in  this  country  he  con 
tinued  to  work  at  the  same  trade  for  three  years. 

In  the  year  1888,  while  a  resident  of  Belleville,  and  during  the  visit  of  Evangelists  Crossley  and 
Hunter  to  that  place,  he  declared  himself  as  a  professed  Christian. 

When  residing  in  Belleville  Mr  Ireland  learnt  steamfitting  and  tinsmithing,  which  trade  he 
still  follows.  He  is  at  present  engaged  witli  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  system,  looking  after  their 
interests  at  the  Union  Station. 

Mr.  Ireland's  first  connection  with  the  Methodists  in  Toronto  was  in  the  Cowan  Avenue 
(now  known  as  Dunn  Avenue)  Church,  Parkdale.  Severing  his  connection  with  that  church,  he 
became  one  of  five  members  who,  under  the  pastorate  of  the  Rev.  J.  McD.  Kerr,  founded  the  church 
known  at  that  time  as  "  The  Bereaii,"  but  now  as  the  "Crawford  St.  Methodist  Church." 

As  in  all  lives  one  of  the  most  important  events  is  that  of  choosing  a  companion  for  life,  so  Mr. 
Ireland  found  it.  He  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Eva  Thompson,  and  in  the  year  1894  they  were 


Mr.  Ireland's  official  relations  to  the  church  have  been  marked  with  faithfulness  to  duty  and  a 
desire  to  see  her  prosper.  Since  his  coming  to  the  church  he  has  been  upon  the  Trustee  and  Official 
Boards,  while  he  is  also  an  efficient  Sabbath  School  teacher,  and  can  adapt  himself  to  any  depart 
ment  of  Christian  work. 


Thomas  A.  Mix  was  born  in  Albany,  New  York,  in  the  year  18(59.  At  the  age  of  eight  years  he 
left  his  native  place  and  came  to  Canada.  He  is  of  English  parentage,  and  was  educated  in  the  pub 
lic  schools  of  Napanee  and  Deseronto.  On  leaving  school,  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  a  migratory  spirit 
possessed  him,  and  as  there  loomed  up  before  him  visions  of  gold  mines  and  untold  wealth  in  far-off 
Colorado,  he  was  attacked  with  the  gold  fever,  and  left  home  for  the  land  of  the  Stars  and  Stripes, 
where  he  remained  for  four  years. 

Canada  possessed  for  Mr.  Mix  a  stronger  attraction  than  even  the  gold  mines  of  Colorado,  so 
he  left  the  West  and  came  to  Toronto,  where  he  engaged  with  Mr.  William  Ryan  (now  deceased)  as 
salesman,  a  position  he  filled  for  a  year.  Becoming  tired  of  city  life,  however,  he  changed  it  for  a 
quieter  one  in  the  country,  where,  in  1893,  he  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ann  Harper,  of 

Shortly  after  their  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mix  removed  once  more  to  Toronto,  where  Mr.  Mix 
filled  an  important  position  in  the  establishment  of  Mr.  W.  H.  Smith,  wholesale  fruiterer,  for  one 
year,  then  opened  up  a  grocery  and  fruit  business  on  his  own  account. 

Mr.  Mix  was  reared  in  a  Christian  home,  and  it  was  through  his  parents'  example  that  he  was 
converted.  During  the  revival  in  Dunn  Avenue  Methodist  Church  in  1895,  he  identified  himself  with 
Crawford  Street  Church,  where  he  is  a  member  of  the  Official  Board.  Mrs.  Mix  is  a  member  of  the 
Ladies'  Aid  Society  and  Missionary  Auxiliary. 


Charles  Patchett  was  born  at  Springfield,  Ontario,  where  he  was  educated  and  learned  his  trade. 
He  was  married  in  the  year  1874  to  Miss  Margaret  Heatherley,  who  was  a  devoted  Christian  ;  but 
death  laid  his  hand  on  her,  and  she  passed  away  in  1887.  He  afterwards  married  Miss  Ellen  Johns 
ton,  and  they  are  both  consistent  members  of  Crawford  Street  Methodist  Church,  Mr.  Patchett  being 
one  of  its  first  members,  and  he  is  one  who  on  the  Sabbath  day  interests  himself  in  the  welfare  of 
others  by  making  strangers  feel  at  home  in  the  church  by  according  them  a  welcome  and  finding 
them  seats.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Trustee  and  other  Official  Boards,  and  resides  at  1,124  Queen 
Street  West. 

REV.   E.  C.  LAKER. 

E.  C.  Laker,  sometime  the  highly  esteemed  pastor  of  the  Crawford   Street  Methodist  Church, 

could  well  be  taken  as  the  "Model  Preacher"  which  the  poet  Cowper  sets  forth  in  the  following 
i  •  ® 

lines  : 

"  Simple,  grave,  sincere, 
In  doctrine  incorrupt,  in  language  plain, 
And  plain  in  manner,  decent,  solemn,  chaste, 
And  natural  in  gesture  ;  much  impressed 
Himself,  as  conscious  of  his  awful  charge  ; 
And  anxious  mainly  that  the  flock  he  feeds 
May  feel  it  too  ;  affectionate  in  look 
And  tender  in  address,  as  well  becomes 
A  messenger  of  grace  to  guilty  man." 

Mr.  Laker's  birthplace  was  in  Toronto.  From  a  boy  he  always  attended  school,  and,  therefore, 
every  opportunity  was  given  him  to  secure  a  good  education.  He  received  his  education  in  English 
at  the  Jesse  Ketchum  School,  where  he  excelled,  and  soon  passed  all  the  forms.  From  the  Jesse 


Ketchum  School,  he  passed  to  the  Toronto  Collegiate  Institute,  vnere  the  more  advanced  English 
subjects  were  taught,  as  well  as  the  Classics,  and  we  find  him  distinguishing  himself  there  and  obtain 
ing  a  great  many  prizes.  After  going  through  the  curriculum  of  the  Institute,  he  then  passed  the 
matriculate  and  entered  the  Victoria  College  at  Cobourg,  where  he  also  distinguished  himself  as  a 
student,  and  demonstrated  to  the  Faculty,  in  the  contest  for  the  Michael  Fawcett  prize  of  $50  (which 
was  offered  for  the  first  time,  and  which  the  judges  awarded  to  him),  that  he  was  possessed  of 
oratorical  talent. 

During  Mr.  Laker's  term  at  High  School,  he  was  engaged  with  the  late  Rev.  David  Savage  in 
evangelistic  work,  and  he  was  highly  prized  by  Mr.  Savage  for  the  great  interest  he  took  in  work 
among  the  boys. 

Mr.  Laker  grew  up  in  a  Christian  home  and  early  learned  to  love  his  Saviour,  but  it  was  through 
the  advice  and  influence  of  the  Revs.  C.  O.  Johnston  and  T.  W.  Jolliffe,  that  thoughts  of  entering 
the  Christian  ministry  were  awakened  in  him,  and  putting  those  thoughts  into  action,  we  find 
him  in  the  year  1899  engaged  in  his  probationary  studies,  during  which  course  he  took  a  very  high 
standing  at  his  examinations. 

During  Mr.  Laker's  term  of  probation  he  filled  the  following  appointments  with  acceptance  : 
Ardtrea,  Weston,  Cooksville,  and  when  the  year  expired  (the  limit  of  time  allowed  probationers  on 
a  circuit)  on  each  charge  an  invitation  was  extended  for  his  return  a  second  term.  While  taking 
college  course  he  supplied  the  following  important  pulpits  :  Toronto  Junction,  Euclid  Avenue,  and 
for  three  months  after  the  removal  of  Rev.  Dr.  Hugh  Johnston  to  Washington,  D.C.,  he  was  the 
pastor  pro  tern,  of  Yonge  Street  Methodist  Church. 

At  the  Conference,  held  in  Central  Methodist  Church  of  this  City  in  189.3,  under  the  Presidency 
of  Rev.  Dr.  Parker,  Mr.  Laker  was  ordained.  After  his  ordination  he  was  married  to  the  daughter 
of  D.  Stewart,  of  Thistletown,  who  is  a  great  help  to  him  in  his  work. 

The  first  charge  that  Mr.  Laker  went  to  after  his  ordination  was  Dunchurch,  in  the  Parry  Sound 
district  where  he  did  faithful  missionary  work,  and  the  year  was  passed  very  pleasantly.  At  that 
place  he  is  held  in  great  respect  for  his  works'  sake.  The  following  year  the  Stationing  Committee 
removed  him  to  Don  Mills,  where  for  three  years  he  had  a  most  successful  pastorate,  all  departments 
of  Christian  work  growing  under  his  supervision  and  help.  While  in  this  pastorate  he  received  an 
invitation  from  the  Official  Board  of  Gerrard  Street  Church,  which  he  accepted,  subject  to  the 
approval  of  the  Stationing  Committee,  as  his  term  expired  with  this  Conference  year;  but  on  account 
of  exigencies  arising,  the  Stationing  Committee  located  him  at  Crawford  Street  Church,  where  he 
was  heartily  received  at  a  public  reception,  given  in  the  church  on  the  evening  of  June  29th,  1897. 


Joseph  Bailey  was  born  in  Toronto  in  the  year  1855  and  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  of 
the  city.  After  leaving  school  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  trade  of  pressman  in  the  popular  publish 
ing  house  of  Hunter,  Rose  &  Co. ,  when  on  the  completion  of  his  term  of  apprenticeship  they 
expressed  to  him  their  appreciation  of  him  as  an  employee.  As  a  young  man  he  secured  a  position 
with  the  late  firm  of  Hill  &  Weir,  where  he  remained  for  fifteen  years,  and  to-day  he  is  employed  in 
the  publishing  house  of  Copp,  Clark  Co. ,  in  the  pressroom. 

In  the  year  1877  he  was  happily  married  to  Miss  Wilkes  who  is  now  the  loving  mother  of  four 


The  seed  of  good  Christian  living  was  shown  in  the  home  of  Joseph,  and  it  brought  forth  an 
abundant  result,  for  early  in  life  did  he  acknowledge  the  Christian  faith  which  saved  him  from  many 
a  snare.  In  the  year  1882  he  experienced  a  change  of  heart  in  Agnes  Street  Church  under  the 
ministry  of  the  Rev.  McD.  Kerr.  Removing  westward  in  the  city  he  was  one  of  the  first  members 
of  Crawford  Street  Church,  and  for  a  term  occupied  a  position  on  the  Trustee  and  Official 



Isaac  Moore  was  born  in  Oxford,  England,  where  he  was  early  devoted  to  that  series  of  edu 
cation  by  which  the  human  understanding  is  gradually  expanded  and  enlightened,  and  the  faculties 
directed,  with  a  design  that  its  possessor  may  bear  an  active  and  useful  part  on  the  stage  of  time. 
Happily  for  Isaac  his  parents  were  very  solicitous  about  him  and  early  did  they  point  out  to  him  the 
path  where  wisdom  was  to  be  found.  Whatever  was  considered  pure,  lovely  and  of  good  report, 
Isaac  was  taught  in  "line  upon  line"  and  "precept  upon  precept "  daily  by  his  ever  solicitous 
and  loving  parents.  He  received  his  education  at  some  of  the  most  popular  schools  of  the  place 
where  the  family  resided  and  his  attainments  in  several  branches  of  scholastic  knowledge  being 
considerably  reasonable,  hopes  were  indulged  in  that  he  would  live  to  be  a  useful  member  of  society 
and  of  the  Church  of  God  ;  and  at  no  time  was  the  probability  of  these  hopes  being  realized  so 
apparent  as  when  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  boldly  declared  himself  a  Christian.  He  now 
gladly  devoted  himself  to  his  God  and  to  his  service.  He  immediately  united  himself  with  the  Primi 
tive  Methodist  Society  of  Northampton,  England,  and  thus  began  a  life  of  usefulness  to  the  church 
for  he  at  once  became  an  exhorter  and  willing  always  to  proclaim  "to  sinners  round  what  a  dear 
Saviour  he  had  found."  Often  on  a  Sabbath  day  he  has  walked  twenty  miles,  preached  three  times 
without  any  refreshments  until  arriving  home,  in  order  to  make  known  the  wonders  of  redeeming 
love.  Removing  to  London,  England,  he  still  continued  in  his  much  loved  work.  At  Stratford,  Eng 
land,  in  connection  with  the  Primitives,  he  was  Class  Leader,  Steward,  Bible  Class  teacher  and  local 
preacher.  In  the  year  1870  he  left  the  Old  Land  with  all  its  associations  and  came  to  Canada, 
locating  at  Barrie  where  be  became  a  prominent  boot  and  shoe  merchant,  respected  for  his  honesty 
and  business  ability.  Associating  himself  with  the  people  of  his  own  faith  he  became  a  useful 
member  to  the  cause  and  enjoyed  responsible  positions  in  church  work.  Desiring  a  warmer  climate 
and  one  that  Mr.  Moore  thought  would  be  beneficial  to  his  health,  after  a  residence  of  seven  years  he 
left  Barrie  for  the  United  States  and  took  up  his  residence  in  Texas  where  he  opened  up  a  business 
which  proved  profitable.  He  sought  the  fellowship  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  body,  identifying 
himself  with  them  he  became  an  active  supporter  and  worker,  but  desiring  no  longer  to  live  under 
the  Stars  and  Stripes  he  located  in  Toronto  where  he  established  a  good  boot  and  shoe  business  ;  sel 
ling  it  out  he  took  a  respite  from  the  care  and  anxiety  of  commercial  life  for  three  years  when,  through 
his  son  Samuel,  who  was  manager  of  the  Carter-Grume  Counter  Check  Co.,  he  obtained  a  position  to 
represent  them  in  Western  Ontario,  where  he  is  at  present  engaged. 

His  religious  life  in  Toronto  has  been  of  incessant  activity.  In  Wesley,  Euclid  and  Crawford 
Churches  his  name  is  found  on  the  membership  roll  beside  on  the  official  list  of  the  two  last  named 
churches.  Three  things  are  worthy  of  notice  in  Mr.  Moore's  character.  He  is  a  Christian  ;  he  is  a 
strong  advocate  of  prayer  meetings  and  assisted  in  carrying  then  on,  and  he  is  philanthropic  in 

In  connection  with  Crawford  Street  Church,  Mr.  Moore  has  been  a  member  from  its  beginning. 
At  the  time  of  its  erection  he  was  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  building  committee,  and  for  fifteen 
months  devoted  his  entire  services  as  overseer,  and  even  taking  the  place  of  architect  for  some  time 
without  any  remuneration.  He  has  enjoyed  all  positions  in  the  gift  of  the  church  and  to-day  he  is 
held  in  esteem  and  high  regard  for  his  works'  sake. 

Mrs.  Moore  has  always  been  a  devoted  Christian  worker  in  the  church.  Their  family  consists  of 
five  daughters  and  two  sons  :  Caroline,  wife  of  Mr.  Cairns ;  Deborah,  Mary,  Julia,  and  Tillie  ; 
Samuel  J. ,  manager  of  the  Check  Book  Co.  of  this  city  and  the  States,  and  president  and  founder  of 
the  Y  M.C.A.  of  the  West  End  ;  and  Frederick,  engaged  in  the  business  of  photo-engraving. 


Crawford  Street  Church  enjoys  a  very  enviable  position,  for  within  its  ranks  of  membership 
there  are  four  sisters  (the  Moore  sisters),  a  quartette  that  has  the  happy  faculty  of  adapting  them- 
solves  to  any  position  in  church  work,  from  expounding  the  Scriptures  to  teaching  the  smallest 
scholar  in  the  Sabbath  School. 


From  the  inception  of  the  church  their  work  has  been  of  infinite  value  to  the  society.  In  the 
person  of  Miss  Moore  we  find  a  willing  worker,  a  helpful  hand  and  a  discreet  adviser.  She  occupies 
important  positions  in  the  various  offices  of  the  church 

In  Miss  Mary,  the  qualities  of  tact  and  perseverance  are  shown.  Every  Sabbath  afternoon  she 
is  engaged  in  teaching  a  class  of  young  men  and  pointing  them  to  the  Cross. 

Miss  Julia  is  full  of  indomitable  energy  and  never  says  fail.  Every  person  in  the  society  knows 
her,  for  she  is  of  such  a  happy  disposition.  Her  position  as  organist  is  no  sinecure,  for  she  is  always 
ready  to  respond  at  every  call  made  upon  her  cheerfully,  and  the  success  of  the  choir  is  mainly 
attributable  to  her  faithful  services. 

Miss  Tillie,  although  the  youngest,  adapts  herself  to  any  work  that  is  assigned  to  her,  and 
suffice  it  to  say  that  anything  she  undertakes  she  brings  to  a  successful  issue. 

All  the  sisters  are  members  of  the  choir,  Epworth  League,  and  other  branches  of  work  in  the 
society.  A  hearty  welcome  will  always  be  found  from  those  sisters  at  their  home,  226  Shaw  Street. 


John  Jackson  was  born  in  the  year  1862  in  the  village  of  Surfleet,  Lincolnshire,  England.  But 
very  little  attention  was  paid  to  his  education,  and  what  he  did  obtain  was  through  attending  the 
village  school.  At  a  very  early  age  he  went  to  work  on  a  farm  and  at  the  age  of  15  began  his 
apprenticeship  to  the  trade  of  carpenter.  After  acquiring  a  knowledge  of  his  trade  he  was  inclined 
to  seek  a  wider  scope  than  he  thought  the  old  land  afforded,  but  desiring  companionship  for  life  he 
was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  M.  J.  Wilkinson.  Mrs.  Jackson  died  seven  years  later.  He  was 
converted  in  the  year  1887  and  immediately  began  a  life  of  usefulness.  Joining  Wesley  Church  he 
became  a  valued  teacher  of  the  infant  class,  a  position  he  held  for  three  years.  In  the  year  1893  he 
was  married  to  Miss  Annie  Maplesden,  of  Brighton,  Sussex,  England.  Severing  his  interests  from 
Wesley  Church,  Mr.  Jackson  identified  himself  with  Crawford  St.  Church,  where  he  worships 


The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  in  the  town  of  Port  Hope,  in  the  year  1869,  of  English 
parents.  After  completing  his  education  in  the  public  school  of  the  town  his  parents  secured  for  him 
a  position  in  the  printing  and  publishing  office  of  the  Popt  Hope  News  which  was  then  edited  by  W. 
T.  R.  Preston.  After  having  been  so  engaged  for  one  year  the  discontinuance  of  this  paper  neces 
sitated  a  change  in  the  career  of  Mr.  Wallace  which  shortly  afterwards  occurred  through  the  removal 
of  his  parents  to  Millbrook.  Immediately  after  his  arrival  in  that  town  Mr.  Wallace  entered  the 
office  of  Mr.  H.  B.  Weller,  barrister,  etc.,  as  clerk,  a  position  he  held  until  the  death  of  his 
employer.  The  estate  having  been  placed  in  the  hands  of  an  administrator  was  satisfactorily  closed 
up  through  the  valuable  assistance  rendered  by  Mr.  Wallace.  This  necessitated  another  change  in 
his  career,  for  he  then  removed  with  his  parents  to  Toronto.  Mr.  Wallace  soon  secured  a  position  in 
a  law  office  where  he  was  engaged  for  a  few  months.  A  situation  in  the  North  American  Life  In 
surance  Co.  on  King  St.  West  being  vacant,  Mr.  Wallace  secured  it  and  entered  the  services  of  the 
company  when  19  years  of  age,  and  has  during  his  years  of  service  steadily  advanced  from  a  junior 
position  on  the  staff  to  a  senior  one,  through  diligence  and  attention  to  the  business  of  the  company. 
In  the  year  1894  he  selected  his  life  partner  in  the  person  of  Miss  Annie  Rose  Foord,  of  Bracondale, 
Ont.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wallace  have  been  identified  with  the  Crawford  Methodist  Church  since  its 
inception,  and  Mr.  Wallace  has  been  a  valuable  acquisition  to  the  tenor  staff  in  many  of  the  city 
churches  as  well  as  the  individual  church  with  which  he  stands  connected. 


Robert  Garbutt  was  born  at  Sommerville,  Ontario,  in  the  year  1856,  and  is  of  English  parentage. 
He  was  educated  during  the  winter  months  at  the  old  "  Swamp  School "  on  his  father's  farm,  his 
summer  days  being  taken  up  with  work  on  the  farm.  The  educational  disadvantages  of  those  days 


were  great,  but  Robert  availed  himself  of  every  opportunity  to  acquire  knowledge,  and  to-day  he  is 
a  capable  business  man  and  one  whose  conversation  can  be  listened  to  with  both  pleasure  and  profit. 

In  the  year  1878  Mr.  Garbutt  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Patchett  and  took  up  his  residence 
in  Toronto,  where  he  found  employment  in  the  Bolt  Works  at  the  Huniber.  He  worked  in  that 
establishment  for  several  years,  being  there  at  the  time  of  the  great  disaster  in  1884. 

Desiring  a  change,  Mr.  Garbutt  returned  to  his  agricultural  pursuits,  in  which  he  was  engaged 
for  five  years.  He  then  returned  to  Toronto  again,  where  he  carries  on  a  prosperous  dairy. 

Mr.  Garbutt's  religious  life  began  at  the  cradle,  for  his  mother  was  a  zealous  Christian,  but  not 
till  the  year  1894  were  his  mother's  prayers  for  the  salvation  of  her  son  answered.  Mr.  Garbutt  was 
converted  under  the  ministry  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Starr  and  he  is  at  present  identified  with  all  the  in 
terests  of  the  church.  He  fills  the  position  of  usher,  besides  other  offices. 


George  N.  Savage  was  born  at  Hagarsville,  Ontario,  in  the  year  1851.  Leaving  Hagarsville 
some  time  after,  his  parents  settled  in  Brock  township,  where  they  remained  for  a  time,  and  then 
removed  to  the  township  of  Mariposa,  settling  in  Oakwood.  In  each  of  these  places  George  attended 
the  Public  School,  completing  his  education  at  Oakwood  School.  In  his  seventeenth  year  he  went  to 
Lindsay  and  served  an  apprenticeship  to  the  painting  trade,  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  George 
Wright,  the  well-known  sign  and  banner  decorator  of  the  town  of  Lindsay. 

In  order  to  become  more  proficient  in  his  trade,  Mr.  Savage  went  to  the  United  States,  where  he 
remained  three  years.  He  then  returned  to  the  town  in  which  he  had  learned  his  trade,  residing 
there  three  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  ill-health  forced  him  to  leave  his  business,  and  he  took  up 
his  residence  with  his  parents  at  Oakwood,  remaining  there  until  his  removal  to  Toronto  in  the  year 

While  in  Oakwood  Mr.  Savage  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Adeline  Weldon,  and  was  after 
wards  married  to  her.  Their  home  has  been  brightened  by  the  presence  of  eight  children,  but  only 
three  remain  now. 

When  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Savage  began  life  together,  they  also  started  their  Christian  course,  under 
the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Mr.  Starr,  in  1894.  They  identified  themselves  with  Crawford  Street  Church, 
and  are  now  assisting  the  cause  with  their  prayers,  sympathies,  gifts  and  service.  They  both  hold 
positions  on  important  Church  Boards  and  are  valued  workers  in  the  Sabbath  School. 


Edward  W.  Witmer  was  born  in  the  village  of  Zurich,  Ontario,  which  is  surrounded  by  one  of 
the  most  productive  of  agricultural  districts  in  the  Province.  Amid  such  advantageous  environ 
ments  for  the  rearing  of  a  family  the  subject  of  this  sketch  lived  for  a  time  with  his  parents,  but  they 
removed  to  Hespeler,  and  it  was  there  that  he  received  his  education. 

As  into  most  homes  shadows  come  and  overcast  for  a  time  the  joy  of  the  household,  so  was  it 
with  this  home.  The  loving  mother  died.  Sorrow  possessed  father  and  children  ;  but  as  they  knew 
their  loved  one  had  gone  to  her  eternal  home,  they  became  reconciled  to  their  loss. 

Three  years  after  the  death  of  Mrs.  Witmer  the  family  removed  to  Hensall,  a  village  near 
Zurich,  in  Hay  Township.  Edward  was  now  twelve  years  of  age,  and  he  went  to  live  with  his  grand 
father,  with  whom  he  remained  until  his  father  came  to  Toronto. 

After  coming  to  Toronto  Edward  attended  the  Niagara  St.  School,  where  he  finished  his  educa 
tion.  He  was  then  apprenticed  to  a  firm  of  founders,  from  whem  he  learned  the  trade  of  machinist. 
On  becoming  a  journeyman  he  secured  a  position  with  the  Massey-Harris  Company,  with  whom  he 
worked  for  three  years.  Severing  his  connection  with  the  Massey  Company,  he  entered  into  the 
employ  of  another  firm,  whom  he  served  for  over  a  year,  after  which  he  returned  to  the  Massey  Com 
pany,  where  he  now  fills  a  good  position. 

Becoming  acquainted  with  Miss  Susy  Jones  (who  was  a  member  of  Euclid  Avenue  Church  under 



the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Geo.  Webber,  and  also  a  member  of  the  choir)  he  became  engaged  to  her,  and  in 
the  year  1893  they  were  married. 

In  1889  Mr.  Witmer  became  a  member  of  the  Euclid  Avenue  Church,  and  also  of  the  choir,  but 
afterwards  identified  himself  with  the  growing  church  known  as  "  Crawford  Street  Church,"  and 
to-day  both  he  and  Mrs.  Witmer  are  members  and  active  workers  there.  Both  are  members  of  the 

choir  also. 


Edward  Roberts  has  been  a  life-long  Methodist,  and  his  father  is  still  in  the  active  Methodist 
ministry,  having  just  entered  upon  the  40th  year  of  his  itinerancy. 

Edward  was  born  in  1858  in  the  town  of  Cobourg,  his  father  being  a  Methodist  divine,  lived  in 
varions  places,  so  as  a  consequence  he  received  his  education  in  different  places,  but  completed  it  by 
a  course  in  the  Lindsay  High  School.  Entering  business  life,  for  ten  years  he  was  managing  clerk  of 
a  grocery  store  in  the  town  of  Exeter.  Then  he  embarked  in  the  same  business  for  himself,  and  after 
fourteen  years'  residence  in  Exeter,  left  for  Toronto,  where  he  purchased  a  business,  which  he  sold 
out  after  three  years'  time.  He  was  converted  in  Lindsay  when  sixteen  years  of  age  under  the 
preaching  of  the  late  Rev.  A.  Schuster.  Soon  afterwards  he  and  a  companion  started  a  Sunday 
School  in  the  East  Ward,  which  proved  the  nucleus  of  a  now  nourishing  church.  For  fourteen  years 
in  Exeter,  he  worshipped  in  the  old  Bible  Christian  Church,  now  James  Street  Methodist  Church, 
where  he  was  Financial  Secretary  for  eleven  years.  In  the  church  at  Exeter  he  filled  many  positions  : 
President  Christian  Kndeavor,  member  of  Official  Board,  Class  Leader,  Choirmaster  and  Bible  Class 

In  Toronto  he  worshipped  in  Parliament  Street  Church  over  four  years,  when  he  became  Assistant 
Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  and  a  member  of  the  Official  Board. 

At  Simpson  Avenue  Church,  where  he  settled  for  a  year,  he  was  Bible  Class  teacher,  Choir 
master,  leader  of  a  boys'  class,  and  a  member  of  the  Official  Board. 

Having  moved  to  a  more  westerly  residence,  he  now  worships  in  Crawford  Street  Church, 
is  the  present  leader  of  the  choir,  and  occupies  other  positions  in  the  gift  of  the  society. 

Mr.  Roberts  is  gifted  with  a  sweet  tenor  voice,  and  in  his  long  career  of  Christian  activity  he 
has  used  it  with  genuine  consecration,  and  many  a  heart  has  been  touched,  and  many  a  Christian 
cheered  and  comforted  upon  the  way,  while  listening  to  the  melody  of  his  voice  in  the  sweet  songs 

of  Zion     (1897.) 


Joseph  J.  Clark  is  a  true  representative  of  what  a  Christian  young  man  should  be.  He  is  of 
a  happy  disposition,  is  a  faithful  performer  of  all  duties  assigned  him,  a  constant  attendant  on  the 
means  of  grace,  and  always  ready  to  do  any  good  within  his  power. 

Mr.  Clark  is  of  English  parentage,  and  was  born  in  St.  Thomas  in  the  year  1874.  He  attended 
school  in  St.  Thomas  until  ten  years  of  age,  when  he  left  to  learn  the  trade  of  painting  with  his 
father.  At  present  he  is  engaged  with  the  Langmuir  Manufacturing  Company. 

Mr.  Clark's  conversion  dates  from  the  year  when  Rev.  J.  McD.  Kerr  was  pastor  of  Crawford 
Street  Church.  Under  his  ministry  there  were  awakened  in  him  new  aspirations  and  motives. 

Not  wishing  to  be  a  drone  in  this  hive  of  industrious  Christians  {for  had  it  not  been  that  steady 
faithful  work  was  done,  Crawford  Street  Church  would  never  have  been  built),  Mr.  Clark  identified 
himself  with  the  Church  and  went  to  work  in  any  department  the  pastor  desired,  and  as  a  result  he 
can  and  does  adapt  himself  to  any  branch  of  church  work.  Any  Sabbath  he  can  be  found  in  the 
Sabbath  School  assisting  the  Secretary,  Librarian  or  any  other  officer,  besides  teaching  and  leading 
the  service  of  song.  He  is  tenor  singer  in  the  church  choir,  and  his  place  has  not  been  vacant  for 
years.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Epworth  League,  and  during  the  late  International  Convention  of 
Epworth  Leaguers  he  served  on  the  Reception  Committee,  a  position  which  he  filled  satisfactorily. 

Mr.  Clark  married  Miss  Aggie  Weller,  who  is  a  member  of  Crawford  Street  Church  and  Sabbath 
School,  as  well  as  of  the  choir  and  Epworth  League. 



Joseph  Lloyd  was  born  in  Sheffield,  England,  in  the  year  1856,  and  came  in  1865  with  his  parents 
to  New  Jersey,  U.S.A.  There  he  received  a  good  English  education.  After  leaving  school,  he  en 
gaged  with  a  physician,  as  his  assistant,  but  not  liking  that  profession,  he  left  it  and  took  up  the 
trade  of  an  engraver.  Through  the  introduction  of  machinery,  however,  the  work  could  be  done  by 
less  expense  than  by  hand,  and  not  deeming  the  remuneration  large  enough,  he  launched  out  into 
a  business  in  which  the  engraver's  art  has  been  a  great  factor  in  his  success,  namely,  map  draughts 
man  and  surveyor  for  fire  insurance  companies,  in  which  he  is  an  expert.  He  has  travelled  in  all 
countries  ;  and  for  the  past  seventeen  years  he  has  served  the  companies  operating  in  United  States 
and  Canada.  He  married  Miss  Minerva  Peregrine  in  1880,  and  his  home  has  been  blessed  with  six 

His  religious  career  has  been  but  a  brief  one,  but  a  very  helpful  one  to  the  Church  of  his  choice, 
Crawford  Street,  where  he  united  in  membership  in  1893.  He  occupies  positions  on  the  official  Sab 
bath  School  Board,  and  is  the  Secretary  of  the  Trustee  Board.  This  gentleman's  home  is  at  26 
Humbert  Street. 


John  Clark  was  born  on  the  19th  of  October,  1852,  in  London,  England.  At  the  early  age  of 
ten  years  he  went  to  work  with  his  father  at  the  plastering  business,  and  there  he  came  into  contact 
with  men  who  did  not  help  him  to  lead  a  better  life,  but  the  very  opposite,  and  thus  the  foundation 
for  a  vicious  life  was  laid.  Through  the  Providence  of  God,  however,  there  was  one  who  was  inter 
ested  in  him,  and  that  was  his  cousin,  who  came  to  live  in  London  when  he  was  about  nineteen  years 
old.  The  friendship  of  his  cousin  was  a  means  of  saving  him  from  his  old  associates,  and  through 
her  influence  he  was  converted.  After  he  had  become  a  Christian,  his  cousin,  Miss  Charlotte  Clark, 
was  ready  to  give  him  her  hand  and  heart,  and  be  a  help  to  him  in  life's  journey,  so  they  were 

Mr.  Clark,  wishing  to  prosper,  left  his  native  land  and  sought  Canada  as  the  land  of  his  adop 
tion,  in  the  month  of  May,  1873.  He  settled  at  St.  Thomas,  where  he  prepared  for  the  arrival  of 
the  loved  one  who  was  to  come  to  him  in  the  following  July.  Miss  Clark  arrived  in  due  time,  and 
they  were  married  on  the  14th  of  October,  1873.  They  resided  in  St.  Thomas  thirteen  years,  but 
circumstances  over  which  they  had  no  control  forced  them  to  remove  to  Toronto. 

There  have  been  given  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clark  ten  children,  but  since  their  removal  to  Toronto, 
one  of  these,  Amy  Amelia,  has  died.  At  her  death  Amy  was  only  thirteen  years  of  age.  She  was  a 
child  of  happy  disposition  and  exerted  a  great  influence  over  her  companions  for  good,  but  with  all 
her  charms  and  bright  ways  she  was  taken  home  on  the  16th  of  June,  1899. 

Mr.  Clark  was  one  of  the  first  members  of  the  Crawford  St.  Church,  having  come  to  it  after 
worshipping  in  St.  Clarens  Avenue  Church  for  six  years.  He  and  his  wife  and  family  are  valued 
members.  They  reside  at  23  Givens  Street. 


John  O'Neill  was  born  in  the  year  1861  at  Caledonia,  Ontario.  He  attended  the  school  of  that 
place  until  about  fourteen  years  old,  when  he  left  to  learn  the  trade  of  machinist  in  the  Caledonian 
Foundry,  where  he  served  three  years.  After  leaving  the  foundry,  he  wished  to  gain  a  knowledge  of 
blacksmithing,  so  he  worked  at  that  for  two  years,  but  finding  the  work  too  hard,  he  gave  it  up  and 
followed  his  trade  as  machinist. 

Desiring  to  have  a  larger  experience  and  to  become  more  expert  at  his  trade,  Mr.  O'Neill  came  to 
Toronto,  where  he  engaged  with  the  Massey-Harris  Company,  and  the  fact  that  he  has  been  sixteen 
years  in  their  employ  is  a  good  proof  of  faithfulness  to  duty  and  ability  to  perform  the  same. 

In  early  youth  Mr.  O'Neill  had  aspirations  after  holy  things,  which  led  him  to  seek  his  Saviour, 
but  through  associating  with  evil  companions  he  lost  those  desires  for  good.  He  continued  in  this 


state  until  he  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Ettie  Bacon,  a  sincere  and  devoted  Christian  woman,  a 
member  of  Wesley  Church  and  of  its  choir.  At  the  beginning  of  their  acquaintance  Miss  Bacon 
besought  him  to  give  himself  to  Christ,  but  without  avail.  In  the  year  1888  they  were  married,  and 
she  now  pleaded  with  him  and  prayed  for  him  more  earnestly  than  before.  At  last  her  heart  was 
gladdened  by  seeing  her  husband  converted. 

After  conversion  Mr.  O'Neill  connected  himself  with  Crawford  Street  Church.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Official  and  Sabbath  School  Boards,  and  is  a  valued  Sabbath  School  teacher. 


Francis  Henry  Woods,  printer,  was  born  in  Toronto  in  the  year  1856,  of  Irish  parentage.  He 
received  his  education  in  the  public  schools  of  Toronto,  after  leaving  which  he  went  to  learn  printing 
with  the  Leader,  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years  came  out  as  a  full-fledged  journeyman,  probably  the 
youngest  journeyman  in  the  trade. 

At  the  age  of  sixteen  Mr.  Woods  was  determined  to  try  the  realities  of  business  life,  so  he 
started  in  business  for  himself  and  was  prosperous.  During  the  real  estate  development,  however, 
and  when  it  was  at  its  height,  he  sold  out  his  printing  business  and  associated  himself  with  the  late 
J.  H.  McMullen,  Treasurer  of  Carlton  Street  Methodist  Church,  and  they  opened  out  a  real  estate 
broker's  office,  under  the  name  of  Woods  £  McMullen.  They  did  a  good  business  and  it  proved  a 
prosperous  undertaking  for  a  time,  and  Mr.  Woods  showed  his  foresight  in  retiring  from  the  business 
at  the  proper  time,  and  earned  for  himself  the  unique  reputation  of  one  who  passed  through  this 
critical  period  successfully. 

Mr.  Woods  is  one  whom,  having  met  once,  you  desire  a  further  acquaintance  with.  He  is 
possessed  of  an  amiable  disposition,  a  large  heart  and  broad  sympathy,  and  is  just  such  a  man  as 
could  fill  a  public  position  with  credit  to  himself  and  satisfaction  to  his  supporters.  The  electors  of 
the  populous  Ward  No.  5,  desiring  such  a  representative,  elected  him  with  such  a  vote  as  should  be 
appreciated  by  him,  and  which  demonstrated  the  fact  that  he  is  a  popular  man,  and  one  worthy  to 
defend  their  interests  before  the  City  Council.  He  is  always  to  be  found  on  the  side  of  right. 

Mr.  Woods  married  a  Miss  Elizabeth  Rutledge,  County  of  Fermanagh,  Ireland,  and  their  home 
is  now  blessed  with  the  presence  of  six  children. 

Mr.  Woods,  training  from  his  birth  was  of  a  religious  character,  his  mother  being  a  devoted 
Christian.  In  the  early  days  of  the  Crawford  Street  Methodist  Church  he  became  associated  with  it 
and  has  been  a  faithful  member  and  supporter  for  several  years.  Mr.  Woods  also  believes  in  fraternal 
relations,  and  to-day  he  occupies  high  rank  in  the  Orange,  Masonic,  and  other  benevolent  societies 



William  Dunlop  was  born  at  Killaman,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1845,  and  lived  at  home  with  his 
parents  until  1870,  when  he  linked  his  fortune  to  that  of  Miss  Ellen  Hodge,  who  has  been  a  true 
helpmeet  to  him.  Their  family  consists  of  nine  children.  Two  years  after  marriage  he  left  for 
Canada,  arriving  in  Toronto,  where  he  has  followed  his  trade  of  trunk-making,  and  at  present  is 
engaged  as  foreman  with  the  Langmuir  Manufacturing  Company. 

Referring  to  his  Christian  life,  in  his  boyhood  he  was  brought  up  in  the  Church  of  England, 
but  in  the  year  1866  he  in  Scotland  attended  the  Methodist  Church,  and  subsequently  became  a 
member.  On  coming  to  Toronto  he  joined  the  Primitive  Methodist  Church  on  Queen  Street  West, 
known  at  the  present  time  as  the  Euclid  Avenue  Methodist  Church,  to  which  he  was  loyal  for  twenty 
years,  enjoying  positions  of  importance  and  trust.  Severing  his  connection,  he  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  the  Crawford  Street  Methodist  Church,  and  through  the  energy,  pluck  and  perseverance 
that  possessed  him,  with  others,  the  Crawford  Street  Society  grew  in  importance  and  size  so  as  to 
require  a  permanent  structure,  and  so  it  was  deemed  advisable  to  erect  a  church.  A  site  was 
secured  and  building  operations  begun,  and  to-day  the  church  stands  as  a  monument  of  men  such  as 
the  subject  of  this  sketch,  whose  motto  is  "  Nil  Desperandum."  At  the  church  with  smiling  coun- 


tenance  and  open  hand  he  waits  to  greet  the  stranger.  He  is  held  in  very  high  esteem,  as  the 
position  he  occupies  in  the  society  will  show,  his  name  being  found  on  the  Local  Preachers'  list, 
Trustee,  Official  Class  Leaders',  and  other  Boards  of  the  church. 

His  efforts  are  seconded  by  his  eldest  daughter  Bella,  who  is  a  most  efficient  Christian  worker, 
methodical  in  everything  she  does,  and  acknowledged  to  be  one  of  the  best  of  Sabbath  School  teachers 
and  workers.  She  is  a  valued  member  of  the  choir,  always  ready  to  accede  to  the  request  of  the 
choirmaster  in  the  performance  of  duties  enjoined  upon  members  of  such  an  organization.  This 
family  reside  at  291  Crawford  Street. 


John  Guest  was  born  in  Dudley,  Worcestershire,  England,  in  the  year  1867.  He  lived  with  his 
parents  in  England  until  he  was  thirteen  years  of  age,  when  they  left  for  Canada,  settling  in 
Toronto.  Here  John  at  once  set  to  work  to  learn  the  butchering  business,  which  he  followed  for  six 
years.  After  that  he  learned  carpentering,  which  was  at  that  time  a  more  profitable  trade  ;  but 
after  working  at  it  for  some  time,  he  returned  to  his  former  business  and  opened  up  a  butcher's  store 
on  his  own  account.  This  business  he  carried  on  until  he  had  a  good  chance  to  dispose  of  it  when 
he  sold  out. 

Mr.  Guest's  religious  life  began  at  the  age  of  fourteen,  when,  through  the  influence  and  invita 
tion  of  a  young  girl,  he  attended  a  class-meeting  in  Euclid  Avenue  Methodist  Church.  At  that 
time  he  received  serious  impressions  which  did  not  leave  him,  but,  being  fostered,  they  grew  and  were 
the  means  of  his  conversion.  Realizing  his  responsibilities  he  took  up  Sabbath  School  work.  He 
was  appointed  Assistant  Librarian  in  connection  with  the  Sabbath  School  held  in  Occident  Hall  in 
the  morning,  and  the  Euclid  Avenue  School  held  in  the  afternoon.  He  identified  himself  with  the 
Euclid  Avenue  Society,  where  he  remained  for  six  years. 

While  a  member  of  the  Euclid  Avenue  Society,  Mr.  Guest  became  acquainted  with  Miss  Ada 
Jobbit,  and  in  the  year  1888  was  married  to  her. 

Mr.  Guest's  business  calling  him  to  the  western  part  of  the  city,  he  withdrew  from  Euclid 
Avenue  Church  and  joined  the  St.  Clarens  Avenue  Church, where  he  undertook  work  at  the  Brockton 
Mission,  and  became  the  Secretary  of  the  Sabbath  School. 

Having  disposed  of  his  business,  Mr.  Guest  moved  into  the  vicinity  of  the  Berean  Church,  (now 
known  as  the  Crawford  St.  Church),  which  he  joined  under  the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Mr.  Kerr.  Being 
desirous  of  helping  this  infant  church,  he,  with  his  usual  willingness  and  activity,  set  to  work  with 
others  to  establish  it,  and  the  phenomenal  growth  of  the  church,  notwithstanding  unfavorable 
circumstances  and  disadvantages,  is  a  monument  to  their  faithful  work.  Mr.  Guest  is  to-day  hold 
ing  a  position  on  the  following  boards,  Official  and  Sabbath  School.  He  was  the  first  librarian  in 
connection  with  the  Sabbath  School,  and  he  is  now  filling  the  office  of  secretary  of  the  Bible  Class 
and  assistant  leader  of  a  children's  class  on  Sabbath  afternoons. 

Personally,  Mr.  Guest  is  a  very  cheerful  and  happy  Christian  man.  His  smile  is  always  bright, 
and  he  is  open-hearted,  liberal,  and  always  ready  to  say  a  kind  word  or  do  a  kind  act  for  anyone. 

Mrs.  Guest  is  a  woman  of  pleasant,  kind  and  cheerful  disposition,  a  faithful  member  of  the 
Ladies'  Aid  and  other  societies,  as  well  as  a  good  worker  in  all  branches  of  church  work.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Guest  reside  at  59  Argyle  street. 



Matthias  M.  Constable  was  born  of  English  parents  in  the  town  of  Brighton,  England,  in  the 
year  1820,  and  received  his  education  at  the  national  schools.  After  leaving  school  he  went  to  learn 
the  building  trade  with  his  father  at  his  native  town.  Mr.  Constable  came  to  Toronto  in  the  year 
1872,  where  he  followed  his  trade  up  to  1887.  He  was  first  in  the  employ  of  Mr.  Edward  Galley, 
who  was  then  contractor  for  "  The  Old  Iron  Block,"  and  under  another  contractor  he  worked  on  the 


steel  works,  after  which  he  went  into  business  for  himself  as  a  contractor,  which  he  carried  on  suc 
cessfully  until  he  retired  about  1887. 

In  youth  Mr.  Constable  was  surrounded  with  Christian  influences,  and  these  were  great  factors 
in  the  development  of  his  spiritual  life,  as  at  the  age  of  twenty-five  years  he  joined  the  Church  of 
England.  But  on  his  arrival  in  Toronto  he  allied  himself  with  the  Euclid  Avenue  Methodist  Church, 
on  whose  membership  roll  his  name  is  to  be  found  to-day.  The  one  work  of  his  life  has  been  for  the 
Temperance  cause,  which  lies  very  near  his  heart.  For  the  past  eighteen  years  Mr.  Constable  has 
been  identified  with  the  "  West  End  Christian  Temperance  Society,"  and  is  an  out-and-out  temper 
ance  advocate,  as  he  is  a  total  abstainer  and,  therefore,  can  truthfully  and  without  fear  contend  for 
the  principle  of  total  abstinence. 

Mr.  Constable  married  Mrs.  Grady,  a  woman  who  has  been  a  true  helpmeet  to  him  in  all  of  the 
Christian  work  in  which  he  has  been  engaged. 


The  esteemed  pastor  of  Euclid  Avenue  Methodist  Church  (1898),  was  born  in  the  year  1860, 
in  the  town  of  Whitby,  Ontario,  where  he  received  his  primary  education  in  the  Public  and 
High  Schools.  After  completing  his  course  in  the  High  School  he  went  to  Toronto,  where  he 
entered  the  Normal  School  preparatory  to  becoming  a  school  teacher.  After  finishing  his  studies  he 
took  up  teaching  as  a  profession,  which  he  practised  for  three  years  ;  following  it  he  entered  upon 
mercantile  life  until  his  conversion  in  January,  1885,  when  he  immediately  began  Evangelistic  work, 
and  in  June  of  that  year  he  started  his  probationary  career  as  a  minister,  being  stationed  by  the  Con 
ference  at  Manchester,  York  and  Brampton,  Ontario.  At  the  Conference  of  1889,  his  probationary 
term  being  ended,  he  was  duly  ordained  and  set  apart  for  the  work  of  the  Christian  ministry.  Since 
his  ordination  he  has  been  stationed  at  the  following  places  :  Port  Carling,  Huntsville,  Bracebridge, 
Crawford  Street,  Toronto,  and,  at  the  present,  Euclid  Avenue.  He  chose  as  a  partner  for  life  a  very 
estimable  woman,  one  who  through  her  geniality,  good-heartedness  and  warm  sympathetic  nature, 
was  well  fitted  to  occupy  the  position. 

Mr.  Rowe  occupies  a  very  high  position  in  the  minds  of  his  brethren,  as  is  evidenced  in  the  fact 
that  during  his  eight  years'  ministration  he  has  been  called  six  times  to  take  his  seat  at  the  Station 
ing  Committee  of  the  Annual  Conference,  besides  being  Assistant  Secretary,  Financial  Secretary  and 
Treasurer  of  the  Contingent  Fund. 

On  hearing  Mr.  Rowe  preach  one  is  impressed  with  a  consciousness  of  his  sincerity  and  large- 
heartedness.  His  sermons  are  adapted  to  the  wants  of  humanity,  as  the  human  soul  craves  sympathy 
and  the  human  heart  needs  help  and  comfort  and  encouragement  in  the  trials  of  life  and  needs  to  be 
helped  upwards  to  life  divine,  so  his  ministrations  are  calculated  to  be  the  means  to  this  end  of  cheer 
ing  and  brightening  the  pathway  of  the  pilgrim  on  his  journey.  He  enters  the  pulpit  not  in  an 
apologetic  manner  but  as  "  one  having  authority,"  giving  his  hearers  to  feel  that  what  he  knows  is 
for  their  instruction,  and,  therefore,  asks  for  their  closest  attention  so  that  at  the  close  of  the  sermon 
they  may  be  wiser  and  better  men  and  women,  through  this  reason,  that  what  he  has  given  to  them 
have  been  his  best  thoughts  obtained  through  heart-searching  study  and  prayer.  As  a  lecturer  he 
has  excelled  in  his  deliverances  on  "  The  Sociological  Problem,"  believing  fully  in  the  Fatherhood  of 
God  and  the  Brotherhood  of  Man,  and  not  only  has  he  a  theoretical  belief,  but  practises  it  daily  for 
the  benefit  of  those  in  the  community,  always  availing  himself  of  every  opportunity  of  ameliorating 
the  ills  and  woes  of  mankind,  with  the  idea  of  bringing  them  into  fellowship  with  God. 

A.  D.  WATSON,  M.L>. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  born  at  Dixie,  in  the  County  of  Peel,  Province  of  Ontario,  January 
8th,  1859.  His  father  is  William  Y.  Watson,  and  his  mother  was  Mary  Ann  Aldred,  both  English 
by  birth,  and  both  show  the  strength  and  vigor  of  their  physical  force  as  they  are  still  living,  the  for 
mer  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-two,  and  the  latter  seventy-nine  years  (1897). 


At  the  age  of  seventeen  our  subject  attended  the  Normal  School  at  Toronto,  and  the  following 
year  began  teaching.  Being  possessed  naturally  of  a  studious  and  thoughtful  disposition  he  selected 
as  his  profession  that  of  medicine,  and  consequently  after  teaching  a  year  resigned  his  school  and 
matriculated  at  Victoria  University  in  1879,  and  graduated  therefrom  in  1883,  receiving  the  degree 
of  M.D.,  ad  eundean  stateni,  from  Toronto  University.  Desiring  to  become  more  proficient  in  the 
knowledge  of  the  profession  he  took  a  post-graduate  course  in  London,  England,  and  at  Paris 
and  Edinburgh,  receiving  at  the  latter  city  after  examination  the  diploma  of  the  Royal  College  of 
Physicians.  Returning  to  Toronto,  he  opened  up  his  office,  and  to-day  he  enjoys  a  very  large  and 
lucrative  practice,  which  he  attends  to  with  the  strictest  conscientiousness  and  devotion. 

The  doctor's  parents  being  Christians,  he  grew  up  surrounded  with  religious  influences,  which 
had  a  most  beneficial  effect  upon  his  life,  for  before  he  had  gone  out  into  the  world  to  be  thrown  into 
its  temptations  he  had  made  open  profession  of  his  faith.  His  people  being  Methodists,  he  allied 
himself  with  that  body  in  the  year  1870,  and  at  the  present  time  is  a  very  active  worker  in  Euclid 
Avenue  Church,  occupying  the  important  positions  of  Class  Leader,  Local  Preacher,  member  of  Trust, 
Official  and  Sabbath  School  Board,  and  the  office  of  Treasurer  of  the  Trustee  Board.  Dr.  Watson 
has  always  taken  a  special  interest  in  the  young,  who  have  found  in  him  a  kind  and  judicious  friend 
With  characteristic  zeal  and  activity  he  furthers  the  interests  of  the  Epworth  League,  being  asso 
ciated  in  the  work  of  the  Literary  Department.  In  educational  matters  he  has  always  shown  a 
marked  attention  and  has  spared  no  time  nor  pains  in  encouraging  a  universal  system  of  liberal  edu 
cation.  To  accomplish  his  purpose,  for  years  past  the  doctor  has  been  holding  classes  for  the  purpose 
of  study  and  mental  development  in  his  own  home,  the  class  having  taken  up  the  Chautauqua  series, 
scientific  works  and  the  study  of  German.  The  doctor  is  also  an  active  member  of  the  Astronomical 
and  Physical  Society  of  Toronto,  and  contributes  occasionally  articles  to  their  magazine.  In  the 
year  1885  he  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Sarah  A.  G.  Clare  (daughter  of  Mr.  Samuel  Clare,  who 
was  a  teacher  in  the  Normal  School  for  eighteen  years).  They  have  five  children  Mrs.  Watson  is 
also  a  member  of  Euclid  Avenue,  and  assists  in  every  good  work.  In  politics  the  doctor  is  a  Chris- 
tain  Socialist,  but  in  that  realm  of  thought,  as  in  all  others,  he  always  holds  very  independent  views 
and  will  not  surrender  his  power  to  think  for  himself  to  any  clique,  sect  or  party. 


Thomas  Modeland,  a  very  fine  specimen  of  manhood,  being  the  possessor  of  a  strong  physical 
frame,  endowed  with  a  kindly  disposition,  and  one  who  would  endeavor  to  be  happy  in  all  the 
experiences,  as  he  is  a  truly  converted  man.  He  was  born  in  the  township  of  Chinguacousy,  County 
Peel,  January  6th,  1859,  being  the  son  of  Joshua  and  Sarah  Modeland.  He  received  his  education  in 
the  school  section  of  his  native  township,  and  live